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Full text of "Colonial men and times; containing the journal of Col. Daniel Trabue, some account of his ancestry, life and travels in Virginia and the present state of Kentucky during the revolutionary period; the Huguenots, genealogy, with brief sketches of the allied families"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



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MRS. LILLIE DU PUY VAN CULIN' HARPER, 
of Philadelphia, Penna. 



COLONIAL MEN 
AND TIMES - 

CONTAINING ^- 

THE JOURNAL OF COL. DANIEL TRABUE 



THE HUGUENOTS 

GENEALOGY, WITH BRIEF SKETCHES OF 
/ ,. ,; TPIE ALLIED FAiMILIES 



EDITED BY 

LiLLiE DuPuY VanCulin Harper I 



Life Member City History Society of Philadelphia; Life Mem- 
ber Of The Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Life Member 
OF The Genealogical Society or Pennsylvania; Life Member 
Geographical Society of Philadelphia; Member of the Histor- 
ical Society of Salem County, New Jersey; An Associate of 
The Swedish Colonial Society; Member of Society of Arts and 
Letters; Mtmberofthe Pennsylvania Society of the Colonial 
Dames ok America; and Member of (Quaker City Chap- 
TEB Daughters of the American Revolution 



INNES d- SONS 

129 N. 12th Strc« 
PHILADELPHIA, PESNA 



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Copyricht, 1915 

Lillie Du Puy Van Culin Harper 

Pbiladelpbia, Pcnna. 



TO MY DEAREST MOTHER 
Who has passed from us, upon this page 
I inscribe her beloved name: 
Mrs. Ehzabeth DuPuy Trabue Van Culin 
1 dedicate this volume, and my labor of 
fourteen years upon it, with love and 
loyalty to her dear memory. 

She was a lineal descendant of Count 
Bartholomew and Countess Susanne La 
Villian Du Puy and Sir Anthoine Trabue, 
and ever showed by her life and char- 
acter that she was a true daughter of 
"the Huguenots." 

Philadelphia, Pa., January, 1916. 



'Gentle and sweet was 
all that I saw in her." 



In the pages of this volume I have 
gathered together the materials from 
others and ti'ied to re-edit and arrange 
such incidents of the people and places 
in an account that I thought would be 
of interest to those of our family, who 
are proud of and delight in the brave 
ancestors who lived and died in other 
days. 



Beauty is God's handwriting-; wel- 
come it in every fair face, every fair 
sky, every fair flower, and thank God 
for it — Him, the fountain of all loveli- 
ness. — Charles Kingsley. 



Take and make the best of what- 
ever comes to your house. — Old French 
Proverb. 



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Foreword 1 

Part I— The Journal ui Colonel Daniel Trabue 3 

Tlic French Colony on the James River 7 

Lord Dunmore's War 11 

Colonel George Rogers Clai-k and Kentucky 14 

Boonsboro and Logan's Fort, Kentucky 17 

The Taking of Kaskaskia and Vincennes 21 

Indian Troubles in and About Harrodsburg 23 

Kentucky's First Court 26 

Entertained by Colonel Clark at Louisville. Boons- 
borough Besieged 30 

Logan's Fort 34 

Colonel Daniel Boone in Trouble 40 

The Return to Virginia 44 

Colonel Richard Calloway a Visitor at the Virginia 

Homestead of the Trabues 47 

Salt Making in Kentucky 51 

Hunting Buffaloe and Other Game 55 

A Visit to Colonel Floyd, of Bear Grass Creek , . 60 

The Captivity of William Trabue .' . 66 

Death of Colonel John Trabue and Captivity of Com- 
missary General John James Trabue 74 

Colonel Robert Haskins in Command at Richmond 82 

Engagement With British Army at Petersburg, Va. ... 88 
Major-General Baron Steuben at Chesterfield County 

Court House, Va 94 

Colonel Daniel Trabue Carries Dispatches to General 

Lafayette 99 

With General Lafayette at Richmond 105 

Colonel Edward Trabue at Gates' Defeat 107 

Colonel Daniel Trabue's Description of the Siege of 

Yorktown Ill 

Lord Cornwallis Surrendars to General Washington. . . . 114 
Colonel Daniel Trabue's Marriage and Return to Ken- 
tucky 120 

An Account of the Conversion to the Baptist Faith of 

Colonel Daniel Trabue 124 

To Kentucky by Way of the Ohio River 129 

General Anthony Wayne's Treaty With the Miami 

Indians 134 

A Remarkable Deliverance 138 

Account of the Harps 141 



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The Massacre of the Montgomerys 147 

Another View of the Surrender of Yorktown 151 

Finis lf'6 

A Song of the Huguenots 160 

Part II-The I?uguenots 161 

The Escape From France of Bartholomew Du Put and 

Wife 164 

Meaning of the Word Huguenot 168 

St. Bartholomew's Night 172 

The Time of Toleration 175 

'"' ■" ■ ' ■ ';''^ ' The Persecution of the Huguenots 178 

n-.t.;l. oi' ' rpj^g Influence of the Huguenots 182 

Pciri/ajT or Bartholomew Du Puv, His Position Under King Louis 

A T} nu i ' XIV 185 

P ■ Preparations for Flight by Bartholomew Du Puv and 

His Wife 188 

, The Flight From France of Bartholomew Du Puv 191 

The Huguenot Settlement in the New World 195 

. '. ■ • ' Tlie Names of the Huguenot Vessels 199 

1/-.;! •; [; ' Part III— Cenealogy. with Brief Sketches. 203 

. j;-'" '-: Poem — Francese Chasteeno Trabue at the Stake, I'.-oO. . 204 
i'.y«r'.r,i . Family Name of Trabue, Originally Strabo, or Straboo 207 

r ,... ; The Roll of Battle Abbey 276 

,^^.^^., ^ ,,^ ,. Early Settlements in the United States 278 

■ ' "' " .' Early Virginia 282 

* '■• "'' ' ■ ^ ■ Virginia Data 285 

F'!l. ui The Family of Flournoy in France and Virginia 289 

'ii, . The Family of Haskins 303 

^^he Family of Kirtley 331 

V: r' The Family of Earley 349 

v- , , ,,,^ The Family of Du Puy 369 

J ,-,,^ _,.,.. Description of the City of Le Puy, France 418 

J '/' ■ "', The Family of Roberts of Virginia 425 

' •' ■ ■'■■ ' The Family of Perrott of Virginia 435 

L. ; . - ;.' : The Family of Tanner of Virginia 447 

"*• >-i- The Family of Hill 461 

'I'i; ! ;.i^ The Family of Ten-y 509 

] : .^; ,,. , The Family of Beaufort 513 

, . , .. ,.^ .^ The Families of Loving, Patterson and Campbell 553 

^,^ '• The Family of De Bow 557 

The Family of Brevard 573 

-'■^■" The Family of Jlyer ] 579 

Hints of Virginia Genealogical Work 589 

List of Works Consulted 592 






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Hist of SlhistraJuina 

Opposite 
Page 

rortrait of Mrs. Lillie Du Puy Van Culin Hai-per, of 

Philadelphia, Pa Frontispiece 

Portrait of Mrs. E. D. Van Culin, Philadelphia, Pa., 
Opposite Foreword 

Coat of Arms of the Trabue Family 3 

Washington Monument in Richmond, Virginia 7 

Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775 12 

Portrait of Daniel Boone, Pioneer, 1735-1820 17 

A TjTjical Colonial Home in Kentucky 48 

The Only Huguenot Church in America 62 

Battle of Quebec, Canada, December 31, 1775 68 

Courthouse, Petersburg, Virginia 88 

Portrait of George W. Trabue, 1793-1873 96 

Portrait of S. W. Van Culin, of Philadelphia, Pa., 

1824-1887 105 

Portrait of Mrs. E. D. Van Culin, of Philadelphia, 

Pa., 1835-1909 Ill 

Monument at Yorktown, Virginia 114 

Natural Bi'idge, Rockbridge County, Virginia 120 

Portrait of George Washington Trabue, 1793-1873. . 129 
The Manor House of "Shirley" on the James River, 

Virginia 134 

Portrait of Samuel Ware Van Culin, Jr 147 

Mrs. Lillie V. C. HaiiJer as a Medical Student 159 

Le Puy-en-Velay, France 164 

A General View of Le Puy-en-Velay, France 168 

Colossal Statue of the Virgin and Child, Le Puy, 

France 175 

The Gate of Saint George Le Puy, France 178 

Interior of the Chapel Saint Michel, Le Puy, France. 185 
Painting in the Musee, Cathedral Le Puy, France . . 195 
Mrs. Lillian V. C. Hai-per, copied from an ivory-type 204 
Portrait of Trabue Van Culin, of Los Angeles. Cali- 
fornia 208 



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Pocahontas at the Coui-t of King James 211 

Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Trabue, Glasgow, Kentucky. . 231 
The "Van Culin" Lot, Woodlands Cemetery, Philadel- 
phia, Pa 239 

The Tomb of Edward Trabue and Olympia Du Puy 

Trabue 260 

Leaves and Flowers from the "Trabue" Graves, Vir- 
ginia 285 

The Landing at Jamestown, Virginia, 1607 289 

The Cathedral at Le Puy-en-Velay, France 303 

Portrait of Mrs. Elizabeth D. Van Culin, Philadelphia, 

Pa 312 

The Gate of St. George, Le Puy, France 327 

Ancient Cloisters of Notre Dame, Le Puy, France. . 349 

Coat of Arms of the Du Puy Family 369 

Portrait of Mrs. E. D. Van Culin when seventeen 

years of age 394 

Gallery of the Cathedral at Le Puy, France 408 

Old Tower at Le Puy, France 418 

Basilique of Notre Dame Le Puy, France 435 

Portrait of William T. Van Culin, Philadelphia, Pa. . 447 
Portrait of Du Puy Van Culin, of Philadelphia, Pa. . 461 
Old Mural Painting in Cathedral at Le Puy, France . . 474 

Mrs. E. D. Van Culin with Trabue and Lillian 496 

Coat of Ai'ms of the Beaufort Family 513 

Beaufort Castle at Maine-et-Loire, France 528 

Interior of Cathedral, Le Puy, France 557 

Tomb in the Cathedral at Le Puy, France 573 

The Custom House at Norfolk, Virginia 589 



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FOr.KWORD 






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MRS. ELIZAHETH DU PLV THABUE VAX CULIX, 

Daughter of 

George Washington Trabue and Elizabeth Buford Chambers Trabue 

lS3.5-iri09 



FOREWORD 

My hrst intention was to have this journal re-printed as 
it is in its original form. It was written by my maternal 
C.rcat-Grcat Uutle, Colonel Daniel Trabue, of Chesterfield 
County, Virginia, and then of Woodford County, Kentucky. 

It was loaned by a grandson of Colonel Trabue to Mr. L. 
C. Draper.' At the time of Mr. Draper's death the manu- 
script went with his papers, which were willed to the Wis- 
consin State Historical Society. 

I would acknowledge their kindness, in giving me per- 
mis-^ion, through their secretary, Mr. Reuben G. Thwartes, 
to publish the journal. 

After studying the manuscript I have deemed it desirable 
lo add t!ie "Notes," thinking it would fix the dates and 
hxahtifs more accurately. 

'Mianks are due to my cousin, Mr. Alvah L. Terry, of 
Ix.uisville, Kentucky, who furnished me with a valuable 
copy of the journal. I have made no attempt to change the 
sense of the MS., but after preparing it entirely for the 
[)re?s, as it was, I was led to think that its value and interest 
wuuld be greatly enhanced by the changes in spelling and 
punctuation that I have made, and I now hope that it will 
(trove as interesting to the family as it has been to me. 

It is with pleasure that I would thank Mr. John W. 
Jordan, LL.D., Librarian of The Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, Mr. Ernest Spofford, and Mr. William M. 
Mervine, of Philadelphia, for suggestions and courtesies 
extcndec to me. 

LiLLiE Du PuY Van Culin Harper. 
January 1, 1915, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

cl it-'J^f-'^'^ Lyman Copeland Draper, LL. D., Corresponding Secretary 
- ,L, ■ n°"'T;" "'5'r'"' ^""''y- ^°^" September 4, 1815. Died August 
of' hmoHr.r ^?P" '^f^'o'ed the greater part of his Hfe to the collecting 
^'rtion nffv, f "'u"'",""? '° '^' ^^°"''^^- This journal now forms I 
U,«n ,Al T. "■■ hundred volumes in the Wisconsin Historical Society. 
«*/ \"r,l .',,'■'%'" ^^^""^cripts. Vide Hozv George Rogers Clark Won 
' •2.|^'(ftavj/, by Reuben G. Thwaites. p. 335. 

jnc original journal bears the following heading: 
>'=r. Crnal o'^F nT""'""^ ''^- l"^ Kentucky, 1780. in June of that 
•^-■V Mrmorl i ' Association ,n Va. House of Delegates. 1781, page 
'ti^y^^TfTnf"'^'^^^^^y"'''^-.'^'^^^^' in the year 1827, of a journal 
ricr.is trom memory and tradition. 

I The Biography of Daniel Trabue." 



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CHAPTER I 

Thk Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

I was born March 31, 1760, as per Register in Chester- 
, field County, Virginia, 15 miles from the city of Richmond. 
My projenitors were from France. My grandfather, 
Anthony Trabue, fled from France in the year of our Lord 
16S7 at the time of the bloody persecution against the 
dissenters by the Roman Catholics. The law against the 
dissenters was very rigid at that time. Who ever was known 
to be one, or even suspected, if they would not swear to suit 
the priest, their lives and estates were forfeited, and they 
were put to the most shameful and cruel torture and death. 

Worse thnn nil. they would not let anvone move from 
their kingdom. They say it was the most terrible time that 
could possibly be conceived of. Guards and troops were 
stationed all over the kingdom to stop and catch any that 
might run away; at every place where they would expect 
these persons might pass, there were guards fixed, and com- 
panies of inquisitors and patrollers on every road and every 
other place, hunting for the heretics, as they called them. 

Where there was one who made his escape, perhaps there 
were hundreds put to the most shameful torture and death, 
and their estates confiscated. When the decree was first 
passed, a number of the people thought it would not be 
put into execution so very hastily, but the priests, friars 
and inquisitors were very intent for their estates, and they 
rushed quick. I understood that my grandfather, Anthony 
Trabue, had an estate, but concluded he would leave it 
if he could possibly make his escape. 

He was a young man, and he and another young man 
took a cart and loaded it with wine, and went on to sell it 
to the furthermost guards, and when night came they left 
their horse and cart, and made their escape to an English 
ship, who took them in, and they went over to England, left 
their estates, and native country, and their relations, and 
every other thing for the sake of Jesus Christ, who died for 
them. 



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T" My Mother was a daughter of John James Dupuy." His 

; f?ther .... told hirn oil about the matter. She 

it said she believed that the Catholics were wrong, and that 

.ti.:( I ' she had experienced the true religion of Jesus Christ, and 
(tiiif, .. she could not renounce it. She said the priest had been to 
1, see her, and threatened her very severely and told her he 

i would be there again the next day, and if she did not 

■f- renounce her sentiment and swear thus and so, they would 

.: put her to the cruelest death that they could think of. 

i.-!'.'. ' That night she thought she was in a terrible condition. 

.;■■ She was looking for her husband; it was not certain he 

would come, and if he did come, she did not know how it 

would go with her, as he was a Catholic himself. She 

:'.: : fasted that day and prayed to God to direct her what to 

. :' . do; she did not cease to pray all night. 

!'■ i.:i The next di,y she saw the priest and ir^quisitors coming. 

", ; She had time to fall on her knees a minute or two before 

,';,;; 1 they entered the house. She prayed to Jesus Christ, the 

i,. V .. mighty God, to be with her in this time of great need, and 

;..- strengthen her and direct her what to do. She said it came 

.,,:,^ to her not to deny her Savior. She jumped up and met 

,-, , them at the door and told them to come in. They asked 

;',,, , her if she would now do what they called for her to do yes- 

j,.,-, • terday. She said she had not altered her opinion; they told 

,,,, .|., her she was a fool; and they would kill her, as she was not 

,^ 1^ j'; fit to live longer. She said if they despised her and cast her 

,.\ ',." off and put her to death, her dependence was in Jesus 

her Savior, who would receive her soul in heaven. 

They told her again she was a heretic, and the way they 

"■, ! were going to serve her was to pull off all her finger nails 

'""■'' with pinchers; and they said, "Look at the door, there is a 

' ■';^' wild horse, we will tie the hair of your head to that horse's 

'■ tail and let him go; what then will become of you?" She 

said, "I am a lone woman, you can do as you please. I can 

not help myself." One of them said, "Let her alone to-day, 

it is thought her husband will come home to-day, and he 

' ■■ '■''■' will tell her better." So they went away and left her. 

'Meaning Olympia Du Puy, daughter of John James Du Puy and 
'.' ■. granddaughter of Susanne hk Villan and Bartholomew Du Puy. 

, , ( Olympia married John James Trabue and was the mother of Col. 

' ■ Daniel Trabue. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

The same day her husband came home she told him all 
that had pR^'sed; he loved her very much. She was a very 
handsome young woman, newly married. My great-grand- 
father Dupuy was a strict Catholic, but thought this perse- 
cution was wrong, and that he would take her over to 
England and leave her until times would alter, and he him- 
self would go back to his estate. There were petitions going 
every day to the King to alter the decree. 

My great grandfather thought the decree would be 
altered. Immediately he got a suit of men's clothes that 
would fit his wife; he gave her a sword, and she passed as 
his servant in the man's regimental clothing and a sword 
by her side, and they went to England. As he was an 
Officer and had on his regimentals, and sword, he could 
pass anywhere, showing his companion if necessary. 

He had no time to dispose of his estate; he had been once 
offered, as I understand, as many dollars as would go 
round his farm laying them flat with the edges to touch. 
They said he had a valuable vineyard. He and his wife 
got safely over to England. He soon understood that the 
priests and inquisitors were displeased with him, as they 
suspected he had taken her away. 

He wrote back several times, and got many letters from 
others, but nothing to his benefit. His land and other 
property were confiscated. My Grand Father Trabue was 
much fretted and perplexed about his estate, but concluded 
that it w^as certain the King would alter the decree some 
day, and restore his estate to him. In England they came 
across a number of refugees who had made their escape, 
although it was only here and there one who made his 
escape; yet when they got together it was a goodly company; 
they could tell one another of their trials and difficulties. 
The King of England offered these poor refugees, if they 
would go to America, he would do something for them, as 
he wanted to populate this new country. 

In the year 1700 my Grand Father Anthony Trabue, and 
my Great-Grandfather, DuPue, and many others, agreed 
to embark in the cause of God, to the New World, as they 
then called it. There was one of their ministers also went 



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with them. Anthony Trabue was married this year to a 
French girl in Holland. She was also a refugee and of his 
sect. Many of the French people went to Holland expecting 
to return. My Great-Grandfather DuPuy thought he 
would go to America and would return again to France 
some day if times were altered. 



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RICHMOND, VA., WASHINGTON MONUMENT IN 
CAPITOL SQUARE 
The above view is from Richmond, the capital of the State of 
Virginia. The city of Richmond contains many wide streets, and 
handsomely built residences. 

During my visit there I was most courteously entertained. — Ed. 

(Reproduced by courtesy of Raphael Tuck & Sons, Ltd., 
London-New York) 



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CHAPTER II f .. 

TiiK Fkexch Colony on the James River 

Tliey all set sail and landed about fifteen miles above the 
r.ilL- of the James River. This Fall is where the site of 
U iihmond now is. The King gave every one land and corn 
!'. r till' fir.st year. They laid off a town on said river and 
(.iHkJ it Monican Town,^ after an old Indian Town which 
v..i^ at this place. This town was laid off on the south side 
of the river, which was fifteen miles up, and it was a 
<i<:-ir,-il.le tract of rich and fertile land. They went imme- 
<li:Ui-iy to hard work, building houses and clearing and 
tilliiit^ tlie earth. They soon built a church; and had a 
minister of their own. These French people were of the 
M'vl of dissenters that is called Congregationalists. 

The King of England allowed these people their privilege 
cf conscience, and to have their religious worship, and it 
Was never taken away from them, and they were never 
lompelled to pay anything to the separate church, but paid 
tht-ir own, and what they were pleased to pay. Some 
I'ctclicd some little money with them, but the most were 
ixxir. Their industry and hard work soon got them to live 
\cTy well. The nearest mill they had was at Colonel 
bird's,* who lived at the Falls of the James River, fifteen 
n'iles away; so some of them made use of hand mills. I 
1 1 link they brought some hand mills with them from 
r.ni;!and. 

'The Huguenot colony at Manakin Town in Virginia, was by far the 
'^•"■tCfit Settlement of those famous exiles in America. In 1630 Baron de 
.-Jiicc seated a colony on the lower James. In 1700 came the largest party 
yK bound for Manakin Town. Ten thousand acres, the best on James 
'•■■<rT, twenty miles above Richmond, had been donated to them, being the 
'c^'Ticl village and lands of the Monacan Indians. For many years the 
«<'i,rnitnt preserved its individuality; in 1728 there were still many who 
^' ji''l speak only French; the church still stands and services _are still 
-til. but the village has disappeared. The Huguenot Colony at Manakin 
"•'■"'"" '"'"•gi'n'a, by Col. R. L. Maury, Virginia Magazine, XI, 289, et 
*'■^_ n have enjoyed a visit to this church and place. It is all exceed- 
•'-Siy interesting.— L. V. C. Harper.) 

•Colonel William Byrd, of Westover, Va. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

There were a great many wild deer in the woods, but 
these French men were not accustomed to hunting, they 
would attempt it but very little, but soon raised plenty of 
cattle and hogs. There were a number of wild horses in the 
woods in those days and they were claimed by Colonel Bird, 
and he encouraged these French men to catch them, and 
break them for working and riding. After they had broken 
them they were to give Col. Bird some little trifle for every 
one they got. They made pens down at notable places where 
there was what is called deerlicks with gates that would 
shut when the horses got in. 

They would then halter them there and break them in 
for working and riding. I have seen all these breeds of 
horses that the French folks had, which they said were of 
the wild breed. I have seen the remains of some of these 
pens; they were little horses, mostly natural pacers, but 
endurable, good horses. The houses they built were posts 
in the ground, made of posting and oak, which lasted a 
long time, and sills framed to these posts and studds along 
the sills to the upper beam, and weather boarded with clapp 
boards. I have seen some of the houses they built, almost 
the first that were built ; they had formed a wooden chimney, 
and the inside was daubed with mortar, and they did very 
well. The body of their houses was clapp boards, fiat on 
the outside, the inside lathed, and filled with mortar so 
that they were quite comfortable. 

They worked their fields with hoes, as they did not at 
once understand much about plowing. They made powder 
for market after a little while. It was said when they 
settled there they did not know that green brush would 
burn, so they would haul or drag it out of their little fields 
and make great piles of it, and after they got it dry, then 
burn it. The trees and logs they rolled in the same way; 
they rolled them out of the fields and left them in piles, and 
when dry they would burn easy. They cut down every 
tree, and were so industrious that they would work late at 
night and also would frequently get up before day and 
make fires by a tree and cut it down. 



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The French Colony on the James River 

I was told a number of them went to Col. Bird's mill, 15 

miles distant, and would encamp on the way, as it was in a 
dense country. They made a fire, and put their sacks all in 
one pile; that night there came rain and sleet and the bags 
were frozen all together, and when the morning came it took 
them a long time to get them apart. I heard them many a 
time laugh and tell how awkward they were when they first 
came to James River. 

They had lived near the bank of the river, and on a 
certain day they discovered a man riding down to the oppo- 
site shore and rode into the water. These French people 
were much alarmed, thinking the man was distracted and 
v/ould soon be drowned. All the town folks rode out to see 
him, hut to their great surprise the man forded the River 
very ^vell. 'l"he man was an old hermit and knew of this 
ford. After tliis these French people could ford the river 
likewise, at a low tide, but they had lived there a consid- 
erable time before tliey knew the River could be forded. 
As these P>ench people were mostly very industrious, they 
soon got to live very well. 

Colonel Bird was a great man in those days, and laid off 
these Frenchmen's land and furnished corn. He registered 
all their names, and some of the French names appeared 
so strange to Col. Bird that he altered them; and their land 
titles, or grants, were made according to the way the Colonel 
speU them. My grandfather's name was Anthony Straboo, 
but Colonel Bird set him dovv-n as Antliony Trabue, and so 
we write our names to this day. 

My grandfather brought a certificate with him, written 
on parchment, from France, that was spelt Straboo (or 
Stroboo). As well as I can recollect, .Anthony Trabue had 
three sons — Anthony, Jacob and John James Trabue. John 
James Trabue was his youngest son, and he was my father. 
•Anthony Trabue also had two daughters, Jacob Trabue 
had many children, and so had the two sisters. My father, 
John James Trabue, was married to 01>Tnpia DuPuy. They 

9 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

had seven sons and eight daughters, ° to wit: James, John, 

V»''illiam, Daniel, Edv/ard, Stephen and Samuel, ^Magda- 

lena, Phcebe, Jane, Mary, ]\Iartha, Elizabeth and Susana. 

I was sent to school in 1767. In the year 1769, or about 

that time, there was a great freshet in the James River, the 

■ largest that had ever been heard of. It carried off most of 

j'l the liouses that were on what they called the low grounds; 

,i'> ' it also swept off most of the tobacco warehouses, with the 

' tobacco in them, and as these warehouses belonged to the 

'^ publick, the publick had the tobacco to pay for. 2vIoney 

• •' was very scarce at this time. 

1 The Assembly of A'irginia struck a paper currency to pay 

'• for the tobacco, which made money plenty, and in the year 

1771, the Baptists came in our country, and they were much 

: ■ " opposed by the Church of England and our rulers. 

; There were seven Baptist preachers in Christian prisons 

: . at one time for preaching, but the more they were persecuted 

I • the faster they gained proselites; at last they let them alone; 

•y ' - but not until the British War commenced in the year 17 74. 

! ■ 'Only seven daughters are here named, there were eight, as the will 

i. ■ .1 of John James Trabue now at Chesterfield Comity Court House, \'a., dis- 

j, tinctly mentions sixteen children, eight daughters and eight sons. 



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Lord Dunmore's War 

On the 4tli day of ISIay there was a great frost that killed 
all the fruit, wheat, rye, barley, oats, and the corn also; but 
most of the grain put up again from the ground; it was 
really a solemn looking scene to see the orchards, tields and 
woods that were all forward and green on one day, the next 
day all dead, and a number of trees were entirely killed. 

Jn the same year, 1774, there was an Indian war against 
the Shawnecs. Governor Dunmore" went out against them, 
also my brother James went with Gov. Dunmore as a Lieu- 
tenant. He raised some of his men in our country; they had 
cockades of red riband. I admired the looks of these soldiers 
so much, I would have liked to have gone with them, if I 
had been old enough. When brother James and the soldiers 
came home they told us about the battle at the mouth of the 
Kanawha on the 10th of October; and they also told us 
about Kentucky, a newly discovered, wonderful country.' 
Brother James said the Governor said we were certain of a 
War with Great Britain, and there was nothing else talked 
about scarcely but the war. 

Our church parsons and merchants were mostly Scotch- 
men and Englishmen. I recollect I heard our parson, to 
uit, Archibald McRobert* .... tell my father that 
the people were deluded by some other preachers, but they 
were wrong. That the people would die like sheep for the 
lack of salt, and what would they do for iron, & powder. 
He further stated that there were as many men in the city 

'Following an invasion by the savages. Lord Dunmore, Governor of 
\ irKinia, led an army against the Shawnees in 1774, fought the decisive 
Ititile of Point Pleasant at the junction of the Great Kanawha and the 
Ohio. How George Rogers Clark Won the Northzi'est, by Reuben G. 
Thw^aites. page 6. 

Kentucky County, Virginia, was formed from a portion of Fincastle 
vourty, December 31, 1776. November I, 1780, Kentucky County was di- 
M'l'.d into three parts. JetTerson, Favette and Lincoln Counties. Kentucky 
^•''\a'lmitted to the Union in 1786. 

The name of Archibald McRobert has been crossed off in the original 
m.itiuscript. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

of London as we had in North America. Also that the 
Indians were already engaged on the King's side by Gov. 
Dunmore, and other of the King's Officers. That the 
negroes would also rebel, and if the people did rebel they 
would all be subdued and defeated; that all the leaders 
would be hung, and every one that had any hand in it 
would suffer much, by high fines and taxes. 

There were meetings called to consult about the war; 
there were fast days appointed. The Baptists and Presby- 
terians were anxious for the war. Then it was that most of 
the men had hunting shirts, and had liberty marked on 
them; and buck tails in their heads, and the majority of the 
people said "We will fight for our Liberty." 

There was a law passed that every one should take an 
oath to our cause, which was called the test oath, or leave 
the country by some given day. Some left the country; 
others would not leave the country, and would talk in favor 
of the King. They were handled very roughly, some were 
tarred and feathered. Those Scotch merchants hid their 
salt, so that no salt could be got. People gathered in com- 
panies, and went and hunted up the salt where it was hid 
and divided it in many instances by paying them a reason- 
able price. All law was stopped except breaches of the 
peace. Numbers went to the bays, and boiled some salt. 
Some saved their meat chiefly in ashes. Some people dug 
up their smoke house floors, and put the dirt in hoppers, 
and dript the dust, and boiled the water, and made salt. 
One man, my neighbor, gave one thousand pounds of 
tobacco for one bushel of salt. 

This year, 1775, my father and grandfather DuPuy both 
died, and in 1776 the law was that young men sixteen years 
old were put on the muster roll, and put in divisions for 
duty when called for. I was enrolled and drawn No. 1 , and 
went on one tour down the river against Gov. Dunsmore. 
In 1777 I was called on to guard powder, and to move the 
magazine. There appeared yet much to be done in Virginia. 
At this time there was no sale for products. Brother William 
and myself concluded we would join a company that was 

12 



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15ATTLE OF HUNKER HILL. 

Death of General Joseph Warren June 17, 177.J. He was among the last 

to leave the redoubt, and had scarcely done so when he was shot through 

the head with a musket ball and fell dead on the spot. British 1054 killed. 

Americans -150 killed. 



Lord Dunmore's War 



going to the north under General Washington. I was 
taken with a long fever and declined to go to the Northern 
Army. Brother William went with a few others. 

The same Fall, or the beginning of ^^'inter, Col. G. 
Rogers Clark," from Hanover, was fixing for our company 
to go down the Ohio to the Falls. The Virginia Legislature 
had authorized him to raise an army, and go westward, and 
my eldest brother, James Trabue, agreed to go with him, and 
have me go with him as Lieutenant. I agreed to go, and in 
the last of January or February, 1778, we set out for our 
journey. The most of the men that had enlisted with my 
brother had gone on to Kentucky before Christmas. There 
was only seven of us and a negro boy went through the 
wilderness together in ^March, 17 78. We had good rifles 
and ammunition, and we took provisions for our journey, 
but very little, as we tliought we could kill what was needed 
on the way. 

'General George Rogers Clark, born in Albemarle County, Virginia, 
November 19, 1752, commanded a company in Lord Dunmore's W'ar. He 
went to Kentucky in 1775, and was chosen Member of the Virginia As- 
sembly, at Harrodsburg. June 6, 1776. Captured Kaskaskia and Vincennes 
and by his expedition against the Indian towns on the Scioto and Miami, 
stopped tlie Indian invasions of Kentucky. Gen. George Rogers Clark 
died at Louisville. February, 1818. Collin's History of Kentucky, I. I33- 
See Hozj Clark Won the Nortlnvest, by Reuben G. Thwaites. The Cross- 
ing, by Winston Churchill, is an interesting tale of the times and a tribute 
to Clark. 



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I >■ , CHAPTER IV - ■>■ 

Colonel George Rogers Clark and Kentucky 



We entered the wilderness in high spirits. I was truly 

delighted to see the mountains, rivers, hills, spruce, laurels, 

oaks; everything looked new to me. Traveling along in 

Powell's^" Valley, where the Indians had broke up some 

...; place. Seeing waste, desolate cabins, I began to feel strange. 

, ,^ We went on our journey and came in sight of the noted 

1 • .... place called Cumberland Gap." We camped that night 

three or four miles off in the waste, and it was a rainy, 

blustering night. When morning came the weather was 

clear, and after we ate our breakfast, a little after sunrise, 

. • . we pursued on our journey. When we got near the gap at 

.-• / Lorrill Branch,'- where the Indian war road comes into the 

Kentucky Road (this road crosses the gap at this place from 

the Cherokee to the Shawnees town, and at this branch the 

Indian road comes) we saw fresh Indian tracks. 

; James Trabue ordered every one to alight, and prime our 

i , . guns afresh, and put 2 bullets in each man's mouth, and if 

^ : we came up with the Indians we must fight our best. The 

Indian track was fresh, and was just gone over the way 

■ ' • we were going. James Trabue and one other man went on 

I foot about 100 yards ahead, and our orders were if they 

discovered the Indians they would jump one side behind 

I the trees, and when we saw that, we must all dismount and 

j run up to fight, and let the negro boy stay and mind the 

;■ ^ ., horses. We had one man with us that was named Locust; 

- • he said he wished he could come up with the Indians; he 

,' wanted so bad to have a chance of killing them; he said he 

■. ■-, knew he could kill 5 himself; he could shoot, he could toma- 

] hawk, and make use of his butcher's knife. 

I 

{ "Powell's Valley lies between the Powell and Cumberland Mountains, 

j which last form the eastern boundary of Kentucky. 

I "Cumberland Gap is the main gateway to Kentucky. An interesting 

i account of the early roads to that region is given by Thomas Speed in 

! .• ,,■ The Wilderness Road. 

' "Evidently Laurel Creek in Clay County, Kentucky. 

14 






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1 Colonel George Rogers Clark 



We still pursued the Indians, their track was plain in 
places, and after we got through the gap going down the 
inountains, the Indian track was still here; it looked as 
tliough I was going out of the world. When we got down th,e 
mountains my brother called to me and another man to go 
a piece ahead, and we walked fast, and sometimes ran; 
uhen I was on before I could have a plain view of their 
tracks. 

In one place where the Indians crossed the mire I could 
see 3 trails. I then supposed there were many Indians, 
and after that we got fears about the quantity of Indians. 
1 told my brother of the three trails & of my fears. He said 
lie Iiad paid particular attention about the signs, and he did 
not think there were more Indians than white men. He 
said "we all have good guns and powder and could beat 
thinn if we had the first fire." He said he must have good 
resolution. I was getting very afraid that we would be 
defeated; and as we went on I talked some with Locust; 
again he still talked the same way of killing, and I began 
to feel chicken-hearted. I was afraid I should be killed in 
this dreary howling wilderness. I never mentioned it to 
any one. 

I thought if I came in contact with the Indians I would 
Ro behind a tree, or in the rear, but I thought that would 
not do, as I Tnight be called a coward. Locust was my main 
dependence, and a poor dependence he was. I then wished 
I was back in old Virginia. We came up this time near 
the Indians, and the water was muddy where they had 
crossed the branches. I knew, although I was only a boy, 
I was as active as any one we had in loading, and shooting, 
riT running, and I would try and have resolution, but my 
hfart was going pit-pat. 

All at once I saw two men that were before us Jump up 
^nd behind trees. I was off my horse as quick as a cat, and 
'^n with my might to the man that was before, and just 
|-'fore I came up to the two men I saw the Indians running, 
."■imping, and dodging every way. I ran with my might, 
ar.d tried to get a shot at them. I had liked to have got a 

15 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



shot once or twice. These Indians were sitting down in the 
road eating, and they never saw the two men until they saw 
us, and as we were running up we feared many. 

They dashed off, and where they had been sitting down, I 
discovered plunder lying there, but pursued for them. My 
brother spoke to me and said, "Daniel, take a tree." I then 
jumped behind a tree until the men had got even with me. 
I had never looked behind until this time to see where the 
rest were. J^Iy brother said, "Scatter to the right and left. 
Let us pursue after thejn, a little further, but look sharp." 
We went on about 200 yards and called a halt, and found 
seven hatchets, five bows and arrows, three shot bags, sev- 
eral blankets and silver broaches. 

While we were picking up this plunder the negro boy 
picked up something a little on one side, made with feathers, 
and said, "what is this?" James Trabue said "this is the 
thing they pow-wow with, but I thought I told you to mind 
the horses." The negro said, "Locust is there, and I thought 
as he staid there with the horses I would go and see what 
you were doing." 

James Trabue then hollowed, and said, "Locust, look 
sharp! there on the other side, and don't let the Indians get 
the horses." We could see the'fn behind a tree near the 
horses. Jalnes Trabue said to him, "Why don't you stay 
and mind the horses?" "I was afraid to stay by myself," 
he answered. "Why did you not go agreeable to my orders?" 
said Jaines. "I w'as afraid they would get my horses," 
said Locust. We ate their meat that they were eating; we 
deprived thetn of eating their dinner. The men praised 
me very much for being a brave soldier. I did not tell them 
for some time after of my fears. They said more of them 
were very much afraid that there were too many Indians 
for us. . ■ . , . . . 






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DAMtL BOONh, 1 lONLLK Hi 1S_0 



His grandfather came from Enjjland 17IT. His father was born in Bucks 
County, Pa. He was a hunter by natural instinct. He married about ITTr. 
Rebecca Bryan, who lived in Yadkin, Xorth Carolina. Boone was employed 
by Lord Dunniore in 1774 as a scout and guide. In 177.j Boone made a 
settlement and built a fort on the banks of the Kentucky River, and this is 
still known as Boonesborough. 

The most important act of his life was the arranging of a treaty with the 
Cherokee Indians, March 17 1775 by which a large tract of land was sold by 
the chiefs to a number of wealthy gentlemen ot the Carolinas. This purchase 
was afterwards annulled by the State of Virginia, (^n this land it was de- 
signed to establish a republic. This was one of the first expressions of the 
rising resentment against the mother country. 

He passed the last years of his life on land granted to him by Congress. This 
was a tract of 8.')0 acres in Charrette, Mo. His wife died 1813. 



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■' ' ' '' ■' CHArXER V •: - ■ 

BOOXSBORO AND LoGAN'S FoRT, KENTUCKY 

After that we went on much gratified, and carried this 
plunder with us to Boonsborough.'^ Our provisions gave 
out, we could get nothing to eat. Thursday morning about 
daylight our provisions consisted of one rasher of hog 
bacon to each man, and not another mouthful did we get 
until Sunday, which was Easter Sunday. About 2 o'clock 
we got to Boonsborrough, on the Kentucky River. The 
people all ran out from their town to see strangers come 
over to their town or fort. They gave us something to eat. 
They quickly asked if we had seen any Indians on the 
road, so we told them all about it, and we sold the Indian 
plunder in the fort, and had 50 shillings for each man. I 
bought two blankets and a powder horn, also a nice warm 
shirt. 

My brother James found some of his men away, to wit, 
Thomas Brooking and \\'illiam Brooking. They went with 
Col. Boone to the Blue Lick to make salt, and the Indians 
took them all prisoners, including Col. Boone. ^* Some of 
brother James' men were gone to Logan's Fort. We con- 
cluded to go to Logan's Fort^' in a ^ew days; but we thought 
we would stay here and rest awhile. 

We had to turn our horses in the woods, and the very 

"Boonsboro is in Clark County, Kentucky, on the Kentucky River, 
nme miles from Winchester. It was here that Daniel Boone built the 
first fort erected in Kentucky; commenced April ist and completed June 
■4. 1775. This fort was attacked by Indians, December 24, 1775. Collin's 
Kentucky, II, 419. 

"On February 8, 1778, Stephen Hancock and others, engaged in mak- 
•ng salt at the Blue Licks, surrendered themselves to a party of Indians 
and French who had captured Daniel Boone the previous day. They 
^vere taken to old Chillicothe. the principal Shawnee town on the Little 
Miami River, about three miles north of the present town of Xenia, 
yjeene County, Ohio, and from thence to Detroit. Collin's, II, 656 and 

''Logan's Fort was built in 1775, at St. Asaph's, about a mile west 
fjf^the present town of Stanford, Lincoln County. Kentucky. On May 20, 
'"77. this fort was infested bv one hundred Indians who besieged it for 
some time. Collin's, II, 403-41'!. 






>' -roa f: i'lH-: >l;;l'i,;:i! :;7'r ],-:,;;•.( 









The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

next day when James and myself were hunting our horses 
not far from the fort we killed a very fine deer. Some of 
our company killed deer, turkeys, etc. The people in the 
fort were remarkably kind and hospitable to us with what 
they had, but I thought it was hard times, no bread, no 
salt, no vegetables, no fruit of any kinds, nothing but meat, 
yet we were well off to what we were before we came here. 
The Sunday before I got here I v.-as so hungry that if 
money could have gotten it, I think I would have "given 10 
or 20 dollars for a diet. 

It was Easter Sunday, and that was a noted day in old 
Virginia, and I thought if I were only there, how I could 
eat. But hunger is the best sauce. In about one week we 
went to Logan's Fort, about forty miles through the woods, 
without any road, we found tlie way very well. When v.e 
got there we found some more of our compan}- and there 
was great joy. The people in this fort lived much better 
than in Boone's Fort, they had plenty of milk and butter 
and some bread. 

In a very few days I went to the woods with some hunters 
to hunt. I was much pleased with the land and we killed 
some bears. I had brought with me from Virginia a first 
rate bulldog, that would seize any ox, or bull, or horse, and 
the first bear he came up with was very glad to see him, and 
he was a very large old he bear. My dog seized him, and 
the bear raised up his paw, and knocked the dog down a 
hill many yards; it disabled him, so we were obliged to leave 
the dog in the woods. We got the bear, and^ he was a 
fine one. 

We made out our loads and went to the Fort, and in about 
two days the dog came home, and after that he came to be 
one of the best hunting dogs at the fort. He would never 
seize a bear by the head, but would seize him by the hinder 
part, and when the bear would turn to him, he would jump 
back. Every one in the Fort would get my dog when thev 
were going out; they generally took several dogs to the 
woods, as they were very beneficial in killing bears and 
buffaloes. 



'i- :;'■ -r.i.i ^-xio 






BOONSBORO \ND Lof.-SN'b FoRT, KENTUCKY 

I thought the most beautiful sight I ever did see was a 
parcell of dogs in full chase after a bear, and they a yelping 
every jump; they would soon stop him, and then the hunters 
would shoot him. I soon got so I could eat meat without 
salt very well. In a few weeks a number of men came from 
Virginia to go with Col. Clark. They were stationed at 
Logans' Fort and Harrodsburgh,^° ready when they might 
be wanted. Ben Logan was their captain.^' The fort was 
on his land and inside of the fence there was land not 
cleared, and he was willing for us to raise corn. 

My brother James and myself cleared up about one acre 
of land and planted it in corn to see how it would grow, and 
it made a fine crop. We went several times in the woods 
exploring and hunting, but as the Indians were in the habit 
of watching the roads, they had to be very cautious and not 
get in the road in daylight. I soon lost my horse and several 
others; it was supposed the Indians got them. There was 
an old Dutchman lost his horse, and he and myself con- 
cluded that as we could not hear of, or find our horses near 
the Fort, we would go some distance in search of them. 

So we set out on foot, took some provisions with us, and 
hunted every day, but could not find them. We took to 
camp in the woods, but were afraid to make a lire, so 
wrapped our blankets around us, and went to sleep, and 
slept very well. When morning came the Dutchman said 
to me, "Do you stay here while I go to one side." He took 
his gun in his hand and went out of my sight. He staid on, I 
would have been uneasy if he had not left his blanket where 

"Harrodsburg is the capital of Mercer County, Kentucky, near the 
Salt River. Captain James Harrod with forty-one men descended the 
Ohio River from the Monongahela country in May, 1774. and made his 
principal camp here. Later he laved out a town, and called it Harrods- 
burgh. It was afterwards called Oldtown and finally resumed its present 
name. Collins, II, 452. 

"General Benjamin Logan, from whom Logan County, Kentucky, re- 
ceived its name. His parents, from Ireland, settled in Pennsylvania, went 
thence to Augusta County, Virginia, where their son was born. After 
his father's death Benjamin removed to Holston River, bought land and 
married. At the age of twenty-one years he accompanied Colonel Boquet 
.Tzaiiist the Indians of the north. He was in Dunmore's expedition, 1774. 
>\ ent to Kentucky in 1775. Settled in the present county of Lincola, 
•Ahere he afterwards built his fort. Collin's, II, 411, 412. 
19 



Tpie Journal of Coloxll Daniel Trabue 

he lay; after a while he came back, and with a smile said, 
"I have made ail things fast so that no Indian could hurt us 
this day." I said, "Mr. Sail," as that was his name, "how 
can you do this thing?" He said he was endowed with 
such power he would spill their guns, and do many things. 

I then told him I was faithless about those things, he said 
I was young I knew no better, but he knew better. "Well," 
said I, "let us fmd our horses today." He said he had been 
trying for it, but something was wrong in the matter, he 
could not tell what, but one thing was certain, the horses 
were not on that route, we would go back to the fort by 
taking around about road, so we set off. We were on foot; 
we walked very fast; stopped to eat when we were hungry, 
and when we came within about two or three miles of the 
fort wp cpme to the road. Mr. Sail was before, and he took 
to the road. I said, "Mr. Sail, let us not keep the road as 
it is too dangerous." He replied, "Mr. Logan said the 
canebreak is too bad to go through, and did I not tell you 
that no Indian in de world could hurt us dis day?" 

I said, "Mr. Sail, I am afraid to go along the road, let 
us go through the cane." Mr. Sail said, "You are unbe- 
liever, I tell you, there is no danger, so come along." So 
off we started, and when we got about 100 yards from that 
place Mr. Sail's gun went off accidentally. He was so 
badly frightened that he jumped out of the road, leaving 
his gun and big brimmed hat, almost equal to an umbrella, 
lying in the road. I hollowed to him to stop. He said, 
"Was that you who shoots?" I said, "I didn't shoot." He 
said, "What was that, it was like a gun close by my head." 
I said, "Mr. Sail, what do you leave your gun in the road 
for, come and pick up your gun and hat." 

So we came up through the cane to the fort, we never 
found our horses; no doubt the Indians got tliem. Captain 
Logan said he saw a trail of horses where the Indians took 
them off. Capt. Ben Logan would frequently take the men 
out of the Fort before day, and go to notable places and 
watch for Indians. I went with him many times. 



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CHAPTER VI 

The Taking of Kaskaskia, and Vincennes 

Mr. Lindsay was Commissioner for the Garrison we had, 
and when Col. Clark landed at the Falls of Ohio in June, 
lie began to erect a garrison at that place and sent for us 
to come on. We hastened to him, and found him, and 
they, Mr. Lindsay and Col. Clark, were now employed by 
Congress to go to New Orleans with a bill of credit to get 
goods for the soldiers, & clothing for the United States Army 
from the Spanish Government. He went to get the goods 
the same year and fetched them up in large keel boats. My 
Brother James now w-as put in as Commissioner for the four 
garrisons, to wit, Boonsborrough, Logan's Fort, Harrods- 
burgh and P'alls of Ohio or Lewisville. 

I immediately undertook to be Deputy Commissioner at 
Logan's Fort. I took possession of the publick store and 
publick horses. My Brother James had Deputies at the 
different garrisons, and we would go from one of these to 
the other, when Col. Clark went on these Campaigns. He 
took Governor Rocheblave'* at the Illinoise^" and Kaskas- 
kia.-" This Governor Rocheblave was a Frenchman, but 
could speak English so that you could understand him. 
He was brought through Kentucky and sent on to Virginia. 

Col. Clark also took the Ohio post now called Vincen- 
nes.-' James Trabue was very active in his duty at the 
different Garrisons, and soon had them well supplied with 
provisions; by having hunters out, etc., and went and 

"Phillipe de Rocheblave, the French commandant of the English fort 
"f Kaskaskia, which was taken by Clark on the night of July 4, 1779. 
Collin's, Kentucky, II, 19. 

"Illinois. 

"Kaskaskia, now a village of Randolph County, Illinois, on the Kas- 
kaskia River, one mile east of the Mississippi. It was settled by the 
l^rench at the close of the 17th century, and was the first permanent 
Kuropean settlement in the valley of the Mississippi. Kaskaskia was the 
first capital of the Illinois territory. 

"Vincennes, on the Wabash River, now in Knox County, Indiana, 
voluntarily submitted to the Americans, August I, 1779. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



received the publick stores. There was a good deal of 
powder at each of these garrisons that had got spoilt, so that 
it would not do for rifles to kill Indians, or to hunt with. 
James Trabue immediately employed men to work this 
powder over, and he showed them how to work it; so we 
soon had plenty of good powder. 

When Col. Clark's men came back, returning home, we 
could supply them with provisions. The Commanding 
Officer was much pleased with James Trabue; he was 
almost constantly going from Fort to Fort, and some times 
he would send me, and then he would attend our maga- 
zines, or publick stores. James Trabue was very particular 
with his Deputies; very often he examined their books of 
the provisions and ammunition and other vouchers, and 
urged them to security. 

This business kept me very busy, and I was willing to 
be kept busy. My wages were pretty good. I got the same 
pay as the Captain got. Sometimes when I could spare the 
time I would go out witii a hunter or two, and fetch lots of 
meat into our store. The Indians were very troublesome 
this summer. They were almost all watching the roads, 
killing men, or stealing our horses or killing our cattle. 



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^^ : 'i: > CHAPTER VII : ;, r r. 

Indian Troubles in and About Harrodsburg 

Col. James Harrod"" lived at Harrodsburgh; his wife, 
father and mother lived at our Fort; their name was 
Coburn; they moved to Harrodsburgh, and a number of 
men conducted them when they moved. But they did not 
remove all their goods and had only two men with him, to 
wit, Mr. Walker and Air. McCoy. In the morning when 
he was packing up to depart, Logan told him it was not 
prudent for him to go with so few men; that if he would 
stay until the next day he would make some arrangements 
for him to have a guard. 

He said he wanted no guard. There vras no danger; the 
Indians were not always watching the roads, that it was not 
long since the Indians left this place. He said that some 
time hence it might be dangerous. "Now I will go and you 
need not give yourself any uneasiness." So they bid us 
adieu, and left our Fort. In about two hours Islr. McCoy 
came back with the terrible, and melancholy news that Mr. 
Coburn and iMr. Walker were killed, and he himself nar- 
rowly escaped. This happened about two miles from 
Logan's Fort. Captain Benjamin Logan immediately went 
to the place with about thirteen men. When he got there 
he found Mr. Coburn and Mr. Walker scalped and killed. 

They found that the Indians had pursued Mr. ]\IcCoy 
some distance toward Harrodsburgh. The Indians thought 
he was gone on that way so they concluded the people at 
Logan's Fort would not know it; so they put the plunder 
in the canebrake, and hoppled the horses. The conjecture 
was from the signs there were nine or ten Indians. Capt. 
Logan sent back Allen ISIontgomery to tell Captain ]May 

_ "Colonel James Harrod, leader of the first settlers at Harrodsburg, 
emigrated to Kentucky in 1774. Built first log cabin in Kentucky. He 
was with Colonel Lewis, at the Point, in the victory over the savages, 
October 10. 1776. He represented his settlement in the Transylvania .'\s- 
semblv. May, 1775- Col. Harrod lived to an old age and continued his 
excursions into the wilderness, from one of which he never returned. 
Collin's Kentucky, H, 462, 463. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

to take some men, and go to the Big Lick, and watch there 
awhile. He would stay with the plunder and horses. 

James Trabue and Captain May and about eight other 
men went immediately. I got my gun to go, but soon found 
there was none but ]Mr. ]McCoy to be left in the Fort, and 
none wanted to stay. Brother James said ''Oh, Dan, stay; 
we must not all leave the Fort," so I staid, with only one 
man, to wit, Air. iSIcCoy. We immediately barred up the 
Fort gates. 

Captain Robert May, and the men went on the back side 
in the gut and lay still, and after a while they saw the 
Indians coming. There were 9 Indians. Captain May 
said, "Boys, now don't shoot until I give you some sign. I 
will give the word. I want the Indians to come near to us." 
James Trabue said, "Boys, look; you see that Indian there, 
don'l tiuy of you shoot at him, I want to kill him myself." 
While the men were waiting for the Indians to get near and 
the Captain to give them the word, they heard May's gun 
go off, and they all immediately fired. Bro. James Trabue's 
Indian fell, and 2 or 3 more were wounded. The Indians 
jumped to the trees and cursed our men. 

The wounded Indians appeared to crawl off or were 
helped off, at the edge of the canebrake. The next morn- 
ing, Captain Logan, & Mr. Whitley,-^ who v»-as after this 
the noted Col. Whitley, with about 18 men in number, (I 
made one of this number) went to the place, and had a 
number of dogs. They thought they would track them with 
dogs through the cane. We saw plainly where 4 or 5 bled 
freely, but as the cane was so thick we could not discover 
them. 

We were hunting for them all that long summer day. In 
the course of the day we passed by where Mr. Coburn and 
Mr. Walker were killed. We stopped a few moments only, 

"William W'hitely, from whom Whitely County was named, was one 
of the most distinguished pioneers of Kentucky. Born August 14, 1749. 
in the present county of Rockbridge, Virginia. Married Esther Fuller in 
1775. Went to Kentucky with his brother-in-law, George Clark. He 
was with Cols. Bowman and Clark in their respective e.xpeditions against 
the Indians. Volunteered in i8l,'?. in his 65th year, with the Kentucky 
militia under Governor Shelby and fell in the battle of the Thames, Oc- 
tober 15th, 1813. Collin's, II, 760, 761. 
24 






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Indiax Troubles ix and About Harrodsburg 

to put logs over them to keep the wolves from eating them. 
We made no di'^covery of Indians through the day. 'Sir. 
McCoy staid several days with us until he could get a 
chance to get home to Holland,"* Kentucky. 

"Holland is a village of Allen County, Kentucky. 



)^jyr: io>ri.'.H T'jo.'iA (iv./ /.i 82r,in'J05iT Y.k\ciyA 






CHAPTER YIII , , 

Kentucky's First Court 

I think it was some time in July, we were to have the tirst 
court that was to be in Kentucky County. Court was held 
at Logan's;"'' several men came from Harrods to court, and 
when they arrived they gave notice that the Indians had 
fired on them about half way to Harrods. It was then ten 
miles from Logan and one of their men was missing, to wit, 
JNlr. Page. It is ever a mystery how these men came to ride 
away from Page, and leave him, for there were 18 or 20 
men, and only about 5 Indians; but the fact was, the 
Indians were in the canebrake, and our men did not know 
how many there \\ere. 

Captain Logan called out to the boys to get ready and go 
there and see what was to be done. He and his men started 
in a few moments on foot. They sent back about 13 men, 
for there were but few men belonging to the fort, and some 
were gone with Col. G. R. Clark. Col. John Bowman,'" 
Captain Ruddle,"' Colonel Richard Callaway"'^ and Cap- 
tain Ben Logan were the magistrates of the Court of Ken- 
tucky. They chose Capt. Levi Todd"''' for their clerk. Col. 
John Todd^° was their lawyer. Captain Ben Logan was gone 

"Colonel John Bowman and others commissioned Justices of the 
Peace, January i6, 17S1, to hold the county court for Lincoln County. 
This was the first court ever held in Kentucky. Stanford, in Lincoln 
County, was formerly Logan's Fort. Collin's, II, 403, 4" and 475- 

"Colonel John Bowman. Justice of first Kentucky court, first Sheriff 
and first Lieutenant of Lincoln County. Had previously been Lieutenant 
of the whole district of Kentucky County. Collin's, II, 4"5> 476. 

"Probably Isaac Ruddle, of Ruddle's Station. 

""Colonel Richard Callaway, who reached Boonsburg with his family, 
September 26, 1776. In 1777. he was one of the first burgesses to General 
Assembly of Virginia; was also Justice of the Peace. In 1779 he was 
made trustee to lay off the town of Boonsborough. Collin's, II, no. 520. 

"•Captain Levi Todd with a company from Harrodsburg, accompanied 
Colonel John Bowman on his expedition against the Shawnese and Chil- 
licothe town in .^pril, 1779. He was with Colonel Daniel Boone at the 
Battle of Blue Licks, .A.ugust 19. 1782. He was one of the first lot holders 
of Lexington, Kentucky, 17S1. Collin's, I, 172, 425, 657 and 663. 

"Colonel John Todd, for whom Todd County, Kentucky, was named. 
was with Colonel Clark in his expedition against Kaskaskia and Vin- 



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Kentucky's Firsi Court 



and went to where Mr. Page was; they found him in the 
woods badly wounded; they made a litter and carried him 
home to Harrodsburgh, and got there the same night. Mr. 
Page lived a few days. 

When this valuable Colonel Clark and his men were 
going home near the same place where they shot Page, they 
fired on Logan and his men, and wounded Hugh Luper. 
They immediately returned the fire. The Indians darted 
in the canebrake, but Luper & his men rushed in after 
them, and they fled. They got Page's gun. The Indians 
bled much, and from accounts by persons, there was but 
one Indian that got home, the rest were killed. Logan and 
his men made a litter and started home with Hugh Luper. 
They were afraid to go in the road with the wounded man, 
so they took to the woods. 

Captain Logan woke me out of my bed and told me to 
go to the assistance of this poor fellow, for so long as they 
had no more men, I told him I would go. We took pro- 
visions for the men, as they had nothing to eat since they 
left Harrodsburgh. Col. Logan said it was very doubt- 
ful if I would find them, but he said to me, "if you do not 
find them in the night, when day comes you can try about 
there, but protect the wounded man in the night, if possible, 
for I am doubtful if he is merely wounded." 

So I went on with my reliable negro & Dutch boy. I 
thought it would be a miracle if we found them in the night, 
but we did, we saw their fire and went to them and talked 
as we approached them. Archie ISIcKinney'^ was sitting 
up with Luper to give him water, and when they heard us 
coming, ]McKinney said "they are coming." One of these 
men was a Yankee by the name of Philips. I saw Luper, 
and how he was wounded, which was very bad indeed. The 
men ate of the provisions we gave them, they concluded 

cennes. He was a delegate to the Legislature of Virginia, from Ken- 
tucky County in 1780. Colonel Todd fell at the Battle of Blue Licks. 
Collin's Kentucky, 1747, p. 535. 

"Archibald McKinney, who settled McKinney's Station before 1792; 
it is now in Lincoln County. Kentucky, on McKinney's branch of Hang- 
ing Fork, about two miles from Green River, and nine miles southwest 
from Stanford (Logan's Fort). Collin's I, 21. 
27 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

they could not go until morning. It was thought ]\Ir. Luper 
would die, but he recovered and was well again. 

The Indians stole almost all the horses we had belonging 
to Logan. The next morning we were to start. jNIy 
Brother James went to Boonsborrough for his business. 
Capt. Logan was to keep the public store for me until James 
Trabue got back, we did not look for him for 2 or 3 days, 
but he got back that night. He was entirely unfamiliar in 
this matter. He came to me and talked to me about this 
matter. I told him that he knew how the Indians got my 
horses, and we could go and steal horses from them, it was 
much better to do that than to give my money for them, 
and if he had no time to do it. Captain Ben Logan would 
doit. 

James replied, "it is a dangerous attempt; I am not will- 
ing for you to risk your lives in that way. One man's life 
is worth 100 horses, and you have got plenty of money that 
you brought from home with you," and said he, "I have 
also got money. A horse can be got when you want one 
to go home on," and he further said, "I have a good horse, 
I will give him to you, for," said he, "if anything should 
happen to you, how could I ever see our mother. She would 
say, "James, how could you let Daniel go on such a raid." 
I concluded I would not go. 

The next morning A. Montgomery, S. Kennedy and Col. 
G. Clark started for the Cherokee town, and got 4 or 5 lively 
horses, and when they got to the Ohio and the water was 
very high, they could not get their horses to cross. It was 
about the middle of the day when they got there; they made 
many attempts, but none proved successful. When the 
morning came the waves were as high as ever; they 
attempted to cross again, but to no effect; they then left the 
horses in the woods to feed. 

They went on their back track to see and watch, and they 
got such a nice place to watch that if the Indians had come 
they could have defeated a smart number. They had 
stayed and watched until nearly the middle of the day; they 
then concluded they would go and get the horses, and go 



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Kentucky's First Court 



down the Ohio, perhaps to Louisville. They went to 
g.ilhcr up their horses. A. Montgomery had got on one of 
the horses, the Indians came on them and fired on them 
and badly wounded Thornton, and took him a prisoner; 
shot Montgomery at the distance of 100 yards, through 
the head as he was riding from them in a gallop, and killed 
him. 

Mr. Clark ran under some driftwood and concealed him- 
self till night. After night he tied some logs together, laid 
his gun and things on his raft, and shoved it before him and 
swam over, and made his escape, then came home with this 
melancholy news. jNlr. Thurston tarryed some time with 
the Indians, and got well of his wound. They sold him to 
the British Officers at Detroyt, but he ran away from them 
and came home. 



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■■'''' : ; ': ,, CHAPTER IX -'r. 

1 ,,. Entertained by Colonel Clark at Louisville. 

.,'. ,^ ,, BooxsnoROUGii Besieged. 

' ,_ Col. Clark got back to the Falls of Ohio, and sent letters 

up to our Forts for some of the gentlemen and ladys to come 
to see him, he would make a feast. I\Iy Brother James re- 
; . quested I should go and Do his busineys at that place. 

Some of us went from Logan's Fort; we went by Harrods- 
burgh; and stayed all night. In the morning Col. Harrcd 
& his lady, Col. Hugh McGary''- and several other gentle- 
'.■ men and Ladys started; about 20 men and about 6 Ladys. 

When we had got about one IVIile from the Fort I dis- 
;.' H. covered Indians in the woods, and as they were running 

to get before us I told Col. ISIcGary of it; he halted the com- 
pany, and went to examine the sign; he came back and said 
"I saw the Indians, but we were not able to fight them 
while we had the women." So we retreated to the Fort. A 
party of men went from the Fort, and found the Indians 
had gone away. The next morning we set out again. We 
had about IS men and 3 ladies on our next rout. Mgr. 
Harrod killed a buffaloe as an exploit on the route. We got 
safe to the Falls of Ohio. 

Col. Clark had got back, and fetched up with him a keel 
boat with some Rum and Sugar, which he got from Kas- 
kaskia. He had a large new room just built — hewed logs 
I ■■ in the inside, a good plank or puncheon Floor. That same 

i . evening he made a ball, a number of gentlemen and Ladies 

ii attended it, and when these Fort Ladys came to be dressed 

up they did not look like the same; everything looked new; 
: v.-e enjo}'ed ourselves very much. 

iCol. Harrod & his Lady opened the ball by dancing the 
first jig. Wehadplenty of rum Toddy to drink; we stayed 
I "Hugh McGary, of the garrison at Harrodsburg, I777-I77?- He was 

a Justice of the first Kentucky Court, January i6, 1781. Major of Lin- 
coln County militia, July, 1781, and at Battle of Blue Licks. Collin's, II, 
' 475. 476, 624 and 657. 



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Entertained by Colonel Cl.ark 



there some few days; I made an agreement with Clark for 
some little salt for our Forts, and took it up with us at that 
time; this salt Clark had fetched from Kaskaskia, but in- 
formed me he would try and have some made at Bullitts lick 
for the publick's use. After a while Col. Clark did have 
same salt made. I finished the busineys I was sent to Do, 
and got a man to go with us, and pack up the little mite 
of salt we got; it was about 2 bushels to each Fort, which 
was a great thing to us ; with that salt we saved a vast quan- 
tity of Bear ISIeat; we returned home again. James Trabue 
started to go home to Virginia, and also to go to Williams- 
l)urgh the seat of government, to get money to pay for the 
provisions we had brought. 

About this time I\Ir. Stephen Hancock, ^^ who had lived 
at Boonsborough, who had been a prisoner with the 
Shoney^'* Indians and at Detroyt, made his escape, and 
came to Boonsborrough. He informed them that the Indians 
in a great army, were coming to take Boonsborrough. That 
Colonel Daniel Boone was at Detroyt and had agreed with 
the British Officers that he would come with the Indians, 
and that the Fort should be given up. That the people 
should be taken to Detro}i:, and live under the Jurisdiction 
of his gracious Majesty, King George III. 

Mr. Hancock stated that it was with great difficulty, and 
hazard that he made his escape, and he would not have 
risked his life if it had not been to give them this Notice. 
The people at Boonsborrough immediately sent to our Fort 
and to Harrodsbourgh for men. We had about 40 men; 
so we sent about 15, and some went from Harrodsbourgh. 
Col. Daniel Boone came to Boonsborrough, and told the 
!-3mc tale that INIr. Hancock had stated, only said he was 
Deceiving the British Officers, and Indians. That he was 
now come home to help his own people fight, and they must 
make what preparation they could. 

Stephen Hancock, who had been captured with others while making 
lalt at the Blue Licks, February 8, 1778, escaped and arrived at Boons- 
I'J'irh in the latter part of July, with "news that Boone's escape had 
r^ -'poneil the expedition for a few weeks, but that it was not abandoned." 
<-'^-!ins, II, 656, 657. 
"Shawnee. 

31 



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The Journal or Colonel Daniel Trabue 

The Indians ^vould certainly be there in a few Days, hut 
they v;ould have time to go against some Indians that lived 
not far over tlie Ohio, and if a few men would go with him 
he would conduct them to this little Camp, and as these 
Indians were rich in good horses and bever fur, they could 
go and make a great speck and get back in good time and 
oppose the big army of Indians. Several men agreed im- 
mediately to go with Boone. Col. Richard Callaway op- 
posed the plan with all his might, but if I remember, about 
20 IMen went, and before they got half way to the place thev 
met with a company of Indians coming towards Boon?- 
borrough. 

They had a smart engagement with them, and returned 
to Boonsborrough with all their might. They got there 
only a few hours before this great army of Indians arrived. 
A white man or half Breed came up to the Fort with a wliite 
Flag and called for Captain Boone. Boone went out to 
the Indians, and returned to the Fort, stating that they could 
make peace with the Indians, that the ofticers must all go to 
the Indian Camp, but the good old Col. R.Calloway opposed 
it, and wanted the Indians to come up to them. At length 
the Indians agreed that their chiefs would come up near the 
fort gate, and our ofiicers would go out there and meet them, 
and accordingly this was agreed to and they w-ent. 

Previous to their going out. Col. Calloway told the people 
in the Fort they must be ready with their guns if the 
Indians used any violence to fire on them. He also said 
for the women to put on hats and hunting shirts, and to 
appear as men, and get up on top of the walls so that they 
might appear as a great many men. The women did so, 
and the men in the fort also got on the walls, and cabins, 
and showed to good advantage. There v/ere about 75 
white men in the Fort, and about 1,000 Indians around 
the fort. About 30 of the Indian Chiefs came up to 
within about 50 yards of the Fort. 

Col. Boone with them & our officers about 15, went to 
thera, and had a long talk, and the Indians made or pre- 
tended to make a firm peace with the white people, and said 



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Entertained by Colonel Clark 

wc must shake hands for friendship, to which llie white 
j.'.oiile agreed; so they shook hands. The Indians then 
?,ii(l shake liands again and so they did. Now the Indians 
sived two Indians must shake hands with one white man 
lu'make a Double or sure peace at this time. The Indians 
had hold of the white man's hands and held them. 

Col. Callaway objected to this, but the other Indians laid 
hold, or tryed to lay hold of the other hand, but Col. Calla- 
v.;iv was the first that jerked away from them. The Indians 
.-seized the men, the two Indians took hold of one man, and 
did their best to hold them. While the men and Indians 
were scuffling the men from the Fort, agreeable to Col. 
Calloway's orders, fired on them. They had a dreadful 
scuffle, but our men all got in the Fort safe, and the fire 
rniitinued on both sides. After that Col. Calloway made 
a wooden Cannon, and took wagon tyre, and wrapt it. 

The Indians had assembled together at a distance. Col. 
Callaway loaded his cannon, and put in 20 or 30 ounce 
balls, and fired at the Indians. It made a large Report 
equal to a cannon. The Indians scampered from that place 
much frightened, and it was thought several were killed or 
wounded. The cannon was fired the second time, and 
bursted. The last time it was fired was at a group of 
Indians at a distance, and it made them scamper perdi- 
diously, whether they were hit with the bullets, or whether 
it was the loud Report was uncertain. After that time 
the Indians would sometimes hollow aloud to our men and 
say "why don't you shoot your big gun again." 



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. ' ' ■ CHAPTER X 

'• ' ■' Logan's Fort 

This Fort was close on the bank of the Kentucky River 
and It was discovered from the fort that there was' an old 
cedar stick or pole, that came up out of the Camp perpen- 
dicularly, and it was observed to shake; our men knew 
then that the Indians were digging a pass way. This was 
the River, under the camp, but they could not be seen from 
the fort. 

_ Colonel Callaway immediately had our men Digging a 
ditch opposite the Indians' Ditch. Captain Holder,'-' a 
large strong man Icok Lig stouci, and citit them from the 
fort over the camp, expecting they might fall on some of 
the Indians. One of the women of the Fort said, "Don't 
do so Captain, it might hurt some of the Indians, and they 
will be mad and have revenge for the same." The Indian's 
& our men almost met under the fort while Digging. They 
could hear one another, and when the Indians heard that 
then they quit, supposing our people might put their big 
gim there. The Siege continued ten Days & Nights, but 
our men received little Damage from the Indians fire, it was 
thought that there were several Indians killed. 

William Patton,^*^ who lived at Boonsborough, was in the 
woods at the time the Indians came to this Fort, and when 
we came home the Indians were all around the Fort; he lay 
in ambush until the siege was almost over. He would 
go to a Distance on some high hill, and view the Indians, 
and some times in the night he would approach tolerably 
near; and on the last night he stayed. The Indians made 
in the night a Dreadful attack on the Fort. A large num- 
ber of them ran to the fort with great fire brands, or 

''Captain John Holder wrote to Colonel Bowman at Harrodstown, 
June 10, 1779. Collin's, I, ir. 

"William Fatten was a member of Captain Benjamin Logan's Com- 
pany in Lincoln County, Kentucky, at and near Logan's Station, about 
1779. Collin's, 1, 12. 






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Logan's Fort 



t :dic>, and made the most Dreadful screams, and hollow- 
.;.- liicti could be imagined. 

Mr. Patton thought the Fort was taken, so he came to our 
r..rt, to wit Logan's Fort, and informed us "Boonsborrough 
i~ taken." He actually did hear the Indians killing the 
jiople in the fort. They took it by storm he said, & he 
i;'ard the women, children and men also screaming when 
the Indians were killing them. We believed every word he 
ti.ld, as he was known to the people to be a man of truth. 
Now Captain Ben Logan had made great preparations 
.-;.:ainst the Indians; he had dug a deep ditch from the fort 
to the Spring, and covered it all over so that water could be 
cot in a pinch; he told the men and wom.en and children 
immediately to bestir themselves and bring into the Fort 
r ..:-ting ears and pumpkins, and to fill their vessels full 
uf water. 

He said there was little doubt but the Indians would 
come to our Fort. He called on me about the quantity 
of provisions I had on hand. I informed him I thought 
we had plenty, as I had laid in meat on purpose in case 
(<i a sign; he said "let me see." The store w^as opened, 
and he viewed it; he Replied "You have got a good quan- 
tity, but it is uncertain how long we might be besieged. 
I think you had best go out to the big lick and drive some 
cattle up, and we will stop them up in the Fort as we may 
need them; if you will go I will send men with you." 

I said "I certainly will go, I have 2 horses here ready." 
The men were ready immediately, about 6 or 8, and we had 
.t;ot but a few steps before Captain Logan said "Stop, I am 
afraid for you to go, I will go myself, go back to the Fort, 
1 will hunt the cattle and Indians alone, I will keep in the 
cane the whole way." Said he "Have as much new corn 
as possible brought in the Fort, and look sharp." The 
men, women and children were as industrious as I ever saw 
I>eople in my life ; they had an abundance of corn in every 
house, and pumpkins, and every pail, tub, churn, kettle and 
pot filled with water. 

35 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

In about an hour Captain Logan^' came back badlv 
wounded; he was riding a white horse and the horse was 
very bloody, and his wounds in 2 or 3 places were verv 
dangerous. One of his arms was broken. It was a bad 
affair. He said about 9 or 10 Indians all lired on him 
when he was in the cane on a small path. 

We had no Surgeon but Benjamin Pettit^* & he knew 
nothing about it, only from necessity. Mr. Pettit appl}-d 
Slippery Elm bark. We had a brave man in the Fort 
whose name was John Martain.^" Captain Logan got him 
to go with all speed to Holston after men to come to our 
assistance. I wrote the letter for Capt. Logan to a friend 
of his to come and help us in this one need. I also re- 
ferred them to Mr. ivlartain; we had only about 24 men in 
the Fort, besides Capt. Logan. We expected the Indians 
would besiege us, but I did not think their main body 
would come under a day or two. 

There was great Distress in our Fort, not only for our- 
selves, but for the people of Boonsborrough, and in par- 
ticular for the 15 men that belonged to our Fort that went 
there to help them. We thought we were in a Predicament. 
If the Indians took Boonsborough with 75 men, what 
would become of us with only 24? 

A little after Dark Captain Logan sent for me to come 
to him; and said that we appeared to be in great Danger, 
but it was for us to Do our Best. When the Indians 
came, and there was no Doubt but that they would come 
and try to take the Fort, we must and ought to fight until 
the last man was killed; and that we must try to kill as 
many of them as possible. He said "I am certain if we 
can keep the Fort for 15 or 20 Days, Men will come from 

"Captain Benjamin Logan, was at the Big Flat Lick, about two miles 
from his station and received a tire from a concealed party of Indians, 
which broke his arm and wounded him slightly in the breast. Collin's 

II, 21. 

''Benjamin Pettit was probably of Pettit's Station, in Lincoln County, 
two and a half miles from Montgomery's Station, on the headwaters of 
Green River, i6 miles southeast from Logan's Fort. Collin's, II, 21. 

"John Martain was the bearer of a letter dated June 10, 1779, from 
Captain John Holder to Colonel Bowman, at Harrodstown. Collin's, I, 11. 



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Logan's Fort 



Holston*" and help us. It is certain that if the Indians 
take the Fort they will kill me, and all the sick & wounded, 
and perhaps will not spare any; try to encourage the men 
and boys in your houses." 

I lived in Mr. Smith's house, and he had a son 12 or 
13 years old. Capt. Logan said "Tell INIr. Smith to come 
here." I did & he told Mr. Smith about the same tale; he 
sent for every one of the men, one by one, and told them 
all the same thing. Some time in the night the Indians 
came up near the Fort and stole one horse that was tied 
near the Fort. Our sentries fired on them, and when 
Morning came the cattle came running up, and we could see 
them at a Distance. They would Dash off, and run about, 
so we saw and Knew that there were Indians around us. 
When the cattle came up to the Fort some had arrows in 
them, and they would keep looking back. 

We were afraid to open the Fort gate to let in any cattle 
for fear the Indians might rush in; the cattle that had bells 
on them were missing as the Indians had killed them for 
their bells. We had port holes in our block houses. A 
block house means a House with the upper story much 
bigger than tlie lower story, and built over so that you could 
be on the upper floor, and shoot down if the Indians were 
to come up to the walls. They could not climb up the walls 
of these houses. All the houses that were on the outside, 
at this Fort were built in this fashion. W'here there was 
not a block house it was stockaded very well. 

We had an excellent Fort, they had no chance to cross 
our walls except by ladders. As Mr. Smith and his son 
were in their house, I very frequently went over to the Fort 
to look at the rest of the People. They were a courageous 
people, but yet I will say they all looked very wild; you 
might frequently see the women walking around the Fort 
looking, and peeping about, seeming that they did not 
know what they were about, but would try to encourage one 
another, and hope for the best. 

Captain Logan bore his wounds with a great deal of 

"Holston is in Washington County, Virginia, near Abingdon. 
37 



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The Journal of Coloxel D.^niel Trabue 



patience and fortitude, and then men would often go in to 
see him; he would still encourage them; the Indians did 
not attack us on this day and we thought the reason was 
there had not been time for their main army to get here from 
Boonsborough, half the men stood all night at their posts 
and so would relieve one another. The next day I heard 
a great crv out on the side of the Fort next towards 
Boonsboro.' I said "Mr. Smith stay, hear, look sharp I wdl 
go and see what is the matter" he said "Yes,^go," I heard 
them say '"Yes, yes, the Indians are coming." 

The women were all running to see, peeping through 
small holes, some of them saying "Lord have mercy on us. 
Yonder thev come." I had my gun in my hand. I ran 
up in one of the best ends where there were men ready for 
firing. I looked towards Boonsboro at the Distance of 
perhaps 300 yards. I saw them coming; we could not see 
how many, as we could see only the front of them, and they 
were in Indian file. 

When they advanced near the Fort some of the women 
were the tirst that spoke out, and said "it is our boys" and 
the Fort Gate was flung open "Come in Hodey, John, Dick, 
Sam, Harry, Tom, Jarret, Manipu, some cried, and some 
laughed for joy, as they had thought their brother, husband, 
or relative was killed, or taken prisoner by the Indians. 
Mr. Patten said the Fort was taken; they said they were 
told Captain Logan was badly wounded; some of them went 
immediately to Logan and told him the news. Capt. Logan 
smiled for the first time since he was wounded. If ever 
I had seen people glad it was at that time. 

The men told us all about it and said they were as 
surprised as Mr. Patten, for thinking the Fort was Taken; 
for the Indians at that time rushed up to the fort and made 
a Dreadful noise. The men informed us the Indians were 
gone from Boonsboro, some gone towards the Cherrekees, 
some towards the Sha\\-nees Town, some had gone towards 
Harrodsburg. About SO or 60 had come to this Fort. This 
same Day some of our men went up from the Fort and 
found the trail of the Indians. They had Done much 

38 



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Logan's Fort 



Damage in Killing cattle and hogs, and had stolen some 
few horses but there were not many to steal, as they had 
gotten them nearly all before. 

I think it was in about three weeks 100 men came from 
Holston;'" we liad plenty of provisions provided for these 
men such as fat buffalo, and bear meat and new corn. The 
Holston men were very desirous to go on a campaign against 
some one of the Indian towns. The Officers were sent 
from Boonsboro and Harrodsburg to council about the 
matter; it was finally concluded it was not practicable at 
this season of the year. So after a week or tw^o these men 
went home again. 

"The Holston men were a peculiar people, somewhat of the character 
of Cromwell's soldiery. They were almost to a man Presbyterians. Raised 
mostly in Augusta and Rockbridge counties. Virginia, they settled early, 
in pretty compact congregation, in the Holston Valley. Vide, King's 
Motintiiin and Its Herds, p. 242. 



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,, : CHAPTER XI 

Colonel Daniel Boone in Trouble 

Colonel Richard Callaway brought up a complaint 
against Captain Daniel Boone, who is now called Colonel 
D. Boone, so there was a Court Martial called to try him. 
He was tryed at this time at Logan's Fort, and I was present 
at his tryal. Col. Callaway's charge was that he, Daniel 
Boone had taken out 27 men to the blue licks to make salt; 
that the Indians caught Col. Boone 10 miles below the men 
on Licking, where he was catching Beaver. 

They were not going towards the men, and Boone told 
them of the men, and took the Indians to the men and told 
our men, "You are surrounded with Indians and I have 
agreed with the Indians that you are to be used well and 
you are to be prisoners of War, and will be given up to 
British Officers at Detroyt where you will be treated well." 
The men against their consent had to go with the Indians 
to Detroyt, and at Detroyt Col. Boone Bargained with the 
British Commander and said that he would give up all the 
people at Boonsborrough, and that they should be protected 
at Detroyt, and live under British jurisdiction. 

When Boone came home he encouraged some men to 
leave the fort to go away over the Ohio River. Boone 
went with them to an Indian town, and that before they had 
got near the town they met with some Indians, and had a 
small fight, the Indians were coming to Boonsborrough. 
When the men saw them, our men hurryed back with all 
their might. They got to the Fort a few hours before the 
Indian army got there. Col. Boone was willing to take 
all our officers to the Indian Camp to make peace out of 
sight of the fort. 

Col. Callaway said Boone was in favor with British 
Government; that all his conduct proved it. Capt. Daniel 
Boone sayd the reason he gave up these men at the blue licks 
was that the Indians told him that they were going to 
Boonsborrough to take the Fort and Boone said he thought 



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CoLoxEL Daniel Boone in Trouble 

he would use some stratigem, he thought the Fort was in 
bad order and that the Indians would take it easily. 
He, Boone said he told the Indians the fort was very strong, 
j and had too many men for them, and when they came to 

j take Boonsboro they must have more warriors than they 

I now had. 

I Boone said he told them all these tales to fool them, he 

I also said he told the British Officers he would be friendly 

I to them, and try to give up Boonsboro, but he was trying 

I to fool them. 

I Col. Calloway insisted he was in favor with the British, 

I and lie ought to have his Commission taken from him. 

Boone insisted otherwise. The Court Martial decided in 

[ Boone's favor, and they at that time advanced Boone to be 

I a Major. Boone after that time appeared always to be on 

the side of tne Government. However Col. Calloway and 

Capt. Ben Logan were not pleased about it. 

This same Fall Capt. Rogers was going up the Ohio 
from Linsoid" to Fort Pitt with a Keel boat with many men 
in it. When tliey got to the mouth pf Licking, diey 
Discovered some Indians on this side of the river. They 
ran their boat ashore, and landed their men, and fired on 
the Indians, but there were more Indians than they expected. 
They were completely defeated; some few of the men ran 
back to the boat and shoved it off, and made their escape. 
There were many killed on the ground. 

One man had both of his arms broken and ran off in 
the woods; he came across a man by the name of Delain, 
the wounded man followed Delain and Delain ran and kept 
up with him. At last Delain told him he must not follow 
him, as he was bleeding the Indians would follow him by 
the blood, and another thing he said he could not travel as 
far in a day as he could, the wounded man insisted upon 
going with him, for if he was left by himself he must 
perish, but Delain told him not to follow him any further, 
and ran off and left him. 

The poor creature did not know what course to take, at 

"Col. Trabue probably intends this for Louisville, Kentucky. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

length he concluded to go back to the battle ground, and 
when he got here he found a man in the bushes with both 
of his thighs broken. The man with the broken thighs had 
a good rifle gun, and plenty of powder and bullets. They 
made a fire as it was in October or November, and the 
weather was cold. A number of turkeys perched on the 
trees where they were. The man with the gun would 
shoot the turkeys and they ate them up, and made use of 
the flesh, also, to apply to the wounds. 

The Turkeys came there every night ; and they lived this 
way about 9 days, then a boat came down the river going 
to Louisville. The Man with the Broken arms sav/ it and 
went on the banks of the Ohio, and told them of their 
situation, and begged them to come and take them in. 

The people in the boat were afraid it was to Decoy them, 
and would not stop. But the man with the Broken arms 
ran down the Beach begging and Beseeching them to have 
pity on them, Declaring there was No Deception. At last 
one man in the boat said he would run the risk. He took 
a canoe and went to them and fetched theni to the boat and 
took them down to the Falls of Oliio; the men were nursed 
and Doctored and both got well. 

When Dulain got to the Fort at the Falls of Ohio, and 
told them about the man with the Broken Arms, he said 
he had nursed and waited on him until he Died, and that 
he had then covered him with logs. The people in the 
Fort were so displeased with Dulain that they made him ride 
a rail through the fort, and the boys flung at him, and 
then Drummed him out of Camp. This affair about these 
two men was told to me by an acquaintance of mine who 
was then living at Louisville by the name of T. Phelps. 

Our hunters brought in a great many fat bears, many of 
them weighed 400 net; we had got a little more salt that was 
made at Bullit's" lick. Very little salt would save fat 
Bear meat. Some times I could spare the time & went 
out with the hunters to kill bears ; which amusement I took 

"Bullitt's old licks, in Bullitt County, three miles from Shepherdsville. 
Collin's Kentucky, II, loo. 



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Colonel Daniel Boone in Trouble 

great Delight in. As the weather was cold we made large 
fires, and our Dogs were all the sentry we had; if they 
would bark one man would go around and see what it was. 



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^->y CHAPTER XII 

The Return to Virginia 

We were often in the night Disturbed in this way by the 
wolves. Some time in December Bro. James got back to 
our Fort with money to pay the people for their provisions, 
and the hunters for the jNIeat Furnished. It was now- 
agreed that I should go home and Return again Shortly, 
but I could not get company, and it was too Dangerous to 
go alone. There were 2 other men in our Fort who 
wanted to go also, and we concluded as it was now winter 
there was not so much Danger of Indians, & we would 
make the venture. The day before Christmas we set off, 
when there was a smart snow on the ground; we each had a 
good horse, Rifle and Tomehawk. Some of the people in 
the fort said we would perish with the cold, as we had no 
big axe to cut firewood at night; some thought we might 
come across Indians & it was dangerous for us three to go by 
ourselves. 

However we started and took provisions for ourselves, 
and some little corn for our horses, in the evening of Christ- 
mas Day, one of our men, Daniel Mungrel, Killed a cub 
Bear; we took it along to our camp. We stoppt about 
sunset at a very good place for wood and water and cane for 
the horses. We gathered plenty of good wood before Dark, 
to keep a big fire all night; we skinned our bear, and it 
was a very good one. We roasted a part of it for our 
Christmas Dinner, and we feasted on it most bountifully. 
I thought it was as good a Christmas Dinner as I had ever 
eaten. We were some little afraid of Indians, and as the 
snow had a crust on it, no one could approach without 
being heard. We concluded that night one man was to 
keep awake at a time and listen, and we did so every night. 

When we got to Powel's Valley I met with John Clarry 
and one of his brothers who had lived in Logansport with 
me. They overpersuaded me to go by their father's up 
Clinch River, about 75 miles; they said it was not out of my 

44 



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The Return to Virginia. 



way. I went with them and stayed and rested 3 or 4 
Days; ihey had plenty of corn & fodder for my horse, and 
plenty to eat. The Indians had not pestered the neighbor- 
hood that year, so they made good crops. Old Mr. 
Vardeman*^ was a near neighbor, who was father to 
Jerymiah Vardeman. Old Mr. Vardeman had a Daughter 
living in Logan's Fort to wit, William Manfield's wife. 
The family were very glad to hear that their Daughter & 
her family were well, as they had heard about the Indians 
being very Troublesome in Kentucky. 

I started on my journey along a small path that had not 
been much trodden. And one night I came to a poor man's 
house, and there was no other house for many miles; so I 
petitioned for quarters. I was told I was wellcome to such 
as thpy b^rl. T stayed all night, my horse had plenty of 
corn and fodder, they had nothing to eat but hunting. 

This man had a wife, and 7 or 8 children, and all his 
dependence for IMeat was hunting, and as he had no powder, 
the family had to go without meat, until he could get 
powder. I had a little meat with me; the family and I 
finished it. That night there came abundance of Rain & 
raised a creek that I had to cross, so that I was water 
bound. This man and I went hunting, but could not Kill 
anything; every meal we had hominy. I had to stay there 
2 days, I would have gone around the creek, but it was so 
mountainous a country it was not practicable. 

I was now very sorry I had left the main road to go with 
Mr. Clarry, the whole of this road from McClarry's was 
nothing but hills, Dales & Mountains all the way to New 
River. I made some presents to the children as they were 
kind to me with what they had. I expected to get to 
New River at Englishes Ferry'*'^ this night, but the road was 
rough & bad, and the Day short. I got to a house about 
Dusk and it was snowing very fast. An old man and his 

"There was a John Vardeman who was a member of Captain John 
Boyle's Company, April i, 1780, at stations at or near Dick's River, in 
present Garrard, Lincoln and Boyle counties. Collin's, I, 12. 

*lnglis' Ferry, established by William Inglis over the New River, a 
few miles above Horseshoe Bend. The Wilderness Road, p. 15. 
45 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

wife lived there by themselves, they told me about 2 miles 
from there was a tavern where I would strike the big road, 
and I could easily lind the way, the path only forked once 
and then I must take the right hand path. 

These people were very poor, and not willing for me to 
stay, so I wanted to get some good Public house. I made 
the venture and started on my way, but I saw no right hand 
path. I went about 5 Miles and came to New River. I 
hollowed several times but could hear nothing but the 
roaring water; it had been snowing all this time very fast, 
and it was very Deep and very cold. I could see no house, 
hear no Dogs bark, and I did not know what to do. 

I turned back to find the way to the last house I left. 
I found the house, tyed up my horse until morning, slept 
by the old man's fire, and after eating some mush, and the 
sourest milk 1 had ever tasted, paid the old man in the 
morning and went on my journey, and found the way to 
the tavern. I told the lady I was almost perished with cold 
and hunger, and to give me a warm breakfast like coffee, 
eggs, and sausages. All these I got, and with my horse 
well fed, and I being now on the big road, I felt well sat- 
isfied. In about two hours I went on my journey again. 
The weather remained very cold, but I could get' a good 
house at night, so I thought' I would do well. 

I went on and arrived at Chesterfield county at my 
Mother's; found her well, and the family, and they were 
much delighted to see me in good health, and so was I much 
pleased to see them all once more. They asked a great 
many questions about Kentucky, & the Indians and I told 
them all about it. INIy Relations and the neighbors all 
came to see me, and I went to see them in return. Then they 
came to see some plunder I had, which we had gotten from 
the Indians, when we Defeated them; they were very much 
astonished and much gratified. 



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CHAPTER XIII 

Colonel Richard Calloway a Visitor at the Virginia 
Homestead of the Trabues 

I had a cousin by the name of Daniel Trabue, and after 
this they called me "Kentucky Daniel" and my cousin they 
called "River Daniel" as he lived on James River. After 
a while I received a letter from my Bro. James from 
Kentucky; he informed me that Col. Richard Callaway 
would be at my Mother's in tlie spring of the year, and he 
tvished me not to come back to Kentucky until Colonel Callo- 
way would come and help him pack up powder and lead. 
Col. Callaway came to my Mother's, and then went to the 
Legislature at Williamsburgh; he was a Member from 
Kentucky; he promised to come to my Jvlother's when the 
Assembly adjourned; & I promised to go with him to 
Kentucky. 

Several of the neighbors insisted that when Col. Calla- 
way should return from the Assembly, I was to let them 
know, as they wanted to see him, and several did come &: 
see Col. Callaway; they thought it was a great affair. Col. 
Callaway told them about their fort being besieged, and his 
& Boone's'*' girls being taken by the Indians and how he 
pursued the Indians, and retook them; also told them 
many things about the Indians, and Kentucky. Several 
of these neighbors bought land warrants, and so got land 
in Kentucky. 

I took a negro boy with me, and went with Colonel Calla- 
way; we gathered 40 pack horses, got some powder in the 
Magazine near where I lived. We got the lead at the Lead 
Mines on New River. That very Session the Legislature 

*'DanieI Boone, born in Pennsylvania, 8, 22, 1734, son of Squire 
Boone and his wife, Sarah, daughter of Edward Morgan. 

On July 7, 1776, a daughter of Daniel Boone, in company with Miss 
Betsey and Miss Frances Callaway, while amusing themselves in a canoe, 
were captured by a party of Indians, in sight of the fort. They were 
recaptured by Boone. Colonel Floyd and six others the following day 
and two Indians killed. Records of E.rcfer Monthly Meeting of Friends, 
Berks County. Collin's Kentucky, II, 419, 420. 
47 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



passed a law for taking up the land in Kentucky. Men 
were very easy to get to go with the powder and lead, as 
tliey wanted to see the country and get the land. When 
the office was opened the next Spring upwards of 40 men 
volunteered to go. 

Col. Callaway was very anxious v.hile in the wilderness, 
and kept up Sentrys every night, and marched in good order. 
We got to Boonsborough safe with the powder and lead. 
Col. Callaway lived at this place. An express was sent 
to Logan's Fort immediately, and Brother James Trabue 
and Capt. Jolm Logan with 30 men came for the proportion 
of pov.-der & lead that was for Logan's Fort We took it 
safe to our Fort. I was truly glad to be at Logan's I-'ort 
again; there were many more people at the Fort this year 
than the year before. 

Col. Bowman returned from a campaign he had against 
one of the Indian towns; he made a broken trip of it, got 
some of our best men killed and killed very few Indians, 
then returned home again. Two of the men that came out 
witli the powder and lead who lived near Col. Callaway 
when he lived in Bedford County, by the name of 'Moses 
Mackilvaine''^ and Ambrose White stopped at Boonsbor- 
rough, and in a few days Mr. Mackilvaine & Mr. White 
went to the woods with some other men to explore, & see 
the rich land on the other side of the Kentucky River. A 
party of Indians found them out and way laid them. 

Mr. iMackilvaine was taken prisoner, also Mr. White. 
They were badly wounded. The Indians took them to their 
town; and in about one year Mr. :Mackilwaine got away 
from them, and got home to his family in Bedford County, 
Virginia. ]\Ir. IMackilvaine had a large family a wife and 
a number of children, and servants; he was a very respect- 
able gentleman, and well off. He informed me of the plan 
he took to effect his escape. Being a big man he could not 
undergo the fatigue of so long a journey on foot. 

"Moses Mcllvaine was a member of Captain James Brown's company 
of moimted Kentucky Volunteers in the service of the United States 
against the Wiaw Indians, June 15, i;gi, which was commanded bv Brig.-' 
Gencral Charles Scott. Collin's, II, 367. ' 

48 



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A TYPICAL COLOXI.XL HUME IX KENTLCKV 



Colonel Richard Calloway a \'isitor 

He said there was an Indian in the town that had but 
few friends. The rest of the Indians despised this one. ]Mr. 
Mackilvaine was determined to befriend this Indian; he 
would give him some of his victuals, at length the Indian 
asked Mackilvaine if he wanted to go home. Mackilvaine 
told him he did, and if he would take him to Fort Pitt, he 
would give him ?300. They had long talks about the 
I matter and made a solemn bargain. The Indian was to 

I let ^lackilvaine know when he was ready, and he was to 

furnish him with a horse. 

One night he told INIackilvaine to go with him a little 
distance, then he hid him in a thicket and told him to stay 
there until lie returned. In a day or two the Indian 
returned, and told him to keep concealed, and to have 
p::ticncc until he could get thing; fixed to suit their project. 
One day he came to him, and had 2 horses, one for j\I. and 
one for the Indian; they also had provisions. The Indian 
had a gun, and they set out and arrived at Fort Pitt. They 
wanted to kill the Indian, but Mr. Mackilvaine insisted 
otherwise. Now Mr. Mackilvaine was a very sensible, 
smart man, so the people agreed to what he said. 

IMr. Broadhead,'*'-' a Merchant, paid the Indian in Mer- 
chandise, to wit Blankets, &c. When the Indian got ready 
Mr. M. escorted him some little distance, and bid him 
farewell, and both cried. The Indian let Mr. M. keep the 
horse he rode. 'Mr. Broadhead made the Indian pay them 
prices for the goods he let him have, and told Mr. Mackil- 
vaine he would charge only one third. 

So, Mr. M. got on his Indian horse, and soon got home to 
his family Mr. Broadhead and paid him. After that Mr. M. 
moved his family to Kentucky. Mr. Ambrose White lived 
with the Indians some years before he could effect his 
escape; he learned their habits, and customs, and got to be a 
great hunter and woodsman. 

""In 1783, Daniel Brodhead began a new era, by exposing goods from 
Philadelphia for sale in Louisville. The merchandise had been brought 
1 "i P'>''adelphia to Pittsburgh in wagons, and thence to Louisville in 
tiat boats. The belles of our 'forest-land' then began to shine in all the 
magnificence of calico, and the beau.x in the luxury of wool hats." Collin's, 
II, .172. 



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The JorRV\L or Coloxel Daniel Trabue 

On one of the Indians great Feast Days, when they were 
all drunk ]Mr. W'li'dt and others each got a good horse, 
bridle & sadle, good guns and there was great joy in the 
meeting. Mr. M. sent the money to and American money, 
and made their escape, coming home by way of Fort Pitt. 

]\Ir. White's wife and parents still lived in Bedford 
County, Virginia; his wife lived with old Mr. White. They 
believed he would come home some Day; when Mr. White 
went to his father's he saw his father, mother, and wife, and 
he knew them, but they did not know him. After a while he 
told them all about it, and there was great joy. :Mr. White 
told me a great deal of his Difficulties when with the 
Indians; he now lives near Frankfort Kentuckv and has 
plenty of property. 

I will return to Logan's Fort. My brother James informed 
me we had very much writing to do, and I went to it. ]\.Iy 
Brother had to go to the other Garrisons to make settlement's 
with his Deputies. 

We soon got our books and accounts in good order. 
People had moved to this country this Fall more than ever. 
The Commissioners that were appointed by the Virginia 
Legislature to grant pre-emptions also had come out. There 
were so many people the conclusion was to discontinue 
keeping up the soldiery at the Forts. So thev were all 
discharged about the last of this year 1779. the public 
stores and Magazines were locked up Jan. 7, 1780. 

James Trabue went to Virginia again to draw money to 
pay for the provisions which we had purchased previous to 
his departure. He said if I could, there ought to be meat 
procured this winter for next Spring. 



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CHAPTER XIV 

Salt Making in Kentucky 

_ The conclusion was tliat we must try to get some salt and 
kill wild meat. We understood that a company of men was 
to start on a certain day from Harrodsborough to go to 
Bullittslick^" to boil & make salt. The conclusion was that 
I should go, and Foster would send a negro man with me 
and we would take pots & kettles with us. Mr. Smith also 
sent a young man, and we made up a little company, to wit 
Jeffry Davis, William Maxey, the negro man, & 2 or 3 
others. We had good guns and ammunition. When we got 
to Harrodsburg there was no one going from there. 

We set out, and went some distance, stopped to eat, and 
let the horses eat some grapes. We ate all the provisions 
we had. The young men said they were afraid to go on with 
me; as they were afraid of Indians, also that there was no 
road or path ; that I would not find the way, and that as we 
had nothing to eat we might starve to death— I told them 
they ought to have brought provisions with them, and as to 
the Indians we had to run that risk; as to finding the way 
I was not uneasy about that as I knew about steering in the 
woods. I could find the way as I had been there before. At 
any rate whether they went or not, I would go on with the 
negro Jo. 

We went on our journey, and at a little before sun-set we 
stopped and took up camp, I told the negro boy to hopple 
out the horses, and all the men to go as quick as they could 
out hunting, and try their best to kill something. We were 
encamped on Chaplins Fork." When I returned I had 
killed a large fat Raccoon; the men had killed nothing; the 

""The great difficulty of importing salt, the increasing demand and 
nigh prices, encouraged the attempt to manufacture it here at a very early 
date. Salt was tirst made in Kentucky at Bullitt's Lick nearly seventy 
years ago. From 500 to 1,000 men were collected at Bullitt's Lick in the 
various branches of salt making, when Louisville and Lexington could 
boast but a few hovels. Collin's, 1847, p. 217. 

"Chaplin's Fork. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

negro had a large fire; the Raccoon was soon prepared for 
cooking. The men began again with their woeful tale 
saying, "we are in a wilderness witliout any path, we have 
nothing to eat but a koon for 6 or 7 men, without bread 
or salt; we are liable every moment to be massacred by 
the Indians. If we can only be spared until morning, we 
will return to Logan's Fort." One of them said "I will 
return to old Virginia as quick as I can, & those who like 
Kentucky may enjoy it, but I will not stay in such a 
country." 

This was a very pretty night, and the moon was bright; 
after we got pretty well settled, I said "we have 2 good dogs, 
I know mine are exceptions for game, let us go out hunting." 
The men refused and I told the negro Joe to take his axe, 
and I took my gun, and off we went. In going about 200 
yards, just where some of the men had been hunting, I saw 
5 turkeys in one sycamore tree, over the creek, I moved to 
a place where I got the Turkeys between me and the moon. 
I killed all 5 of the largest fattest turkeys I had ever seen. 
When I got to shooting I made sure the men would come 
to us, but they stayed where they were at the camp, looking 
at their koon roasting. 

We took our turkeys to the camp and I said "now pick 
and clean them and eat some of the best food in the govern- 
ment." I soon had ore roasting, the koon was ready for 
eating; they asked me to come up and eat some of it. I 
refused saying "I would choose turkey." The turkeys 
were all cleaned and some of them cooked for the night, 
and the next morning we ate heartily. The next day we 
went on our journey, and no one turned back. I went on 
before. I killed that day a fine Deer, and one or two 
turkeys. We put the meat on the pack horses. One of the 
men we had with us was a young Irishman; who was con- 
stantly disputing with the other young men that were from 
Virginia, about words and customs. 

Some time that morning I shot a Buffalo; he fell down 
and we all went up to him. Some of the men had never 
seen one before. I soon discovered I had shot this buffalo 



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too high, and I told some of the boys to shoot him again; 
the young Irishman said he would kill him, and aimed at 
him -with his tomahawk, and struck him in the forehead. 
I told him it would not Do, he could not hurt him, the wool, 
and mud, and skull were all so thick, it would not do; but 
he kept up his licks, the buffalo Jumped up, the man ran, 
the buffalo after him. It was an open woods, no bushes, 
and the way the young Irishman ran was rather quick, and 
with every jump he cryed out. 

The buffalo was close to his heels, the man jumped behind 
a birch tree, the buffalo fell Down, with his head against 
the tree. The boys laughed. One of them went up and shot 
the buffalo again, and killed him. =i= * * When I saw 
that the Irishman would go back, I advised him to take a 
load of the buffalo meat, as it was very fat, & and he was 
welcome to it, to which he agreed. We took a little of it, and 
bid him a Due. We went on our journey, and before we 
got to Bullitts Lick I killed a Buffalo cow; as fat a cow as 
I ever saw in my life, wild or tame. 

We took a goodly part of it with us, and arrived at the 
lick we found some people there making salt. They were 
from the Falls of Ohio, a Mr. McPhelps, an acquaintance 
of mine, was there; he had a furnace of small pots and 
kettles. He wanted to go home, and hired his small estab- 
lishment to us for 2 weeks, for which w^e were to pay him 
in salt. We fixed up our pots and kettles in addition to 
McPhelps' and went on very well making salt. The water 
we had was standing in the lick; there was a hole or well 
only about two feet Deep that had been dug out. I was 
there previous to my digging, and the water stood then in a 
puddle so that the Buffaloes would go there and Drink it. 

We saw Buffaloes in sight of our works. We killed them 
when we needed them. We had been there three days when 
some men came from Harrodsburgh. They had started 3 
days before us; they had been lost. We had cold weather. 
These men also began making salt, and we were very glad 
of more company; the fact was, I was very Dubious of 
Indians. In about 2 weeks or a little more we had got to 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

each hand about 2 bushels of Salt, and I bought a little 
more from 2\1t. ^NlcPhelps. 

So we were ready for our return and there were three 
or four men from the Falls of Ohio came to us and were 
going to the upper Forts, and wished to go with us as 
company. They waited until we were ready. We went on 
that night, and just before we camped one of these strangers, 
his name was i^.Ir. Sullivan, killed a capital Buffalo, and as 
we had plenty of salt we lived well. That night we had a 
Fall of Deep Snow, and the next morning was very cold, 
so we had a good fire and did not start early. One of these 
Gentlemen, a stranger, observed "this morning would be 
very suitable to sit in a good Tavern, and have a drink of 
good rum, and hot tea or coffey for Breakfast." Mr. Sulli- 
van observed that he thought a pan of fried hominy would 
suit him best. It was taken as an insult, blows ensued 
and they had a smart scuffle in the snow. We parted them 
and our Tuckeyho boys laughed heartily at it. We reached 
home safe with our salt. 






,:i'.:n:.br(3C 






CHAPTER XV 

Hunting Buffaloe and Other Game 

It was surprising to see how many people had moved out 
to Kentucky, and there were still more coming. Mr. Smith, 
Mr. Poster, several others, and myself started for the woods. 
We took some of our salt, & 2 negro men with axxes to cut 
wood, for the hard winter had begun; the snow was deep 
and the weather cold. We went to Green River & soon 
killed some good fat buffaloes. jVIr. Foster & some others 
took their loads and went to the Fort. We continued hunt- 
ing and killing and sending them home; the weather at last 
got so intensely cold that we had to lie by for several Days. 
The snow was fully knee deep, our meat that we had kept 
for our own eating failed, the turkeys had got poor; they 
would sit on the trees all day, and not fly down; many of 
them fell off from their roosts and never recovered. 

We could kill as many of them as we wanted, but they 
were too poor to eat. We made socks of Buffalo skins to 
go over our shins, putting the wool inside; and we had 
woolen gloves ; but yet we could not stay away from our big 
fires, for if ever we did shoot it was impossible to load our 
guns again. The weather had altered a little for the better. 
Mr. Smith and I concluded we would go out and try our 
luck once more, as we had nothing to eat. We put on 2 pair 
of gloves, and buffalo socks. We had not got far before we 
found 11 buffaloes in one gang. We shot down one; set 
the dogs on the others. We both shot at once and killed 2 
more. 

Again we concluded to shoot the leaders, so we killed 2 
more and the rest stayed there fighting the dogs, and we 
kept shooting them down as fast as we could until we got 
them all killed but one, and that was a calf. The snow was 
Deep so we made up a good warm fire and gutted all our 
buffeloes before we went to sleep. We had fine fun with 
that buffelo calf the next day, he would kick up and jump, 
but as there was snow there was no damage done. 



77 KlTlhkiD 

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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

We at first thought we would tame him, but after sever nl 
such frolics, thinking he would be too troublesome, we 
killed him. So we killed the whole gang which was 1 1 . 
We thought by this time we had meat enough. Mr. Smith 
and myself and some others went home with all the horses 
packed witli meat, but the other men were to stay there and 
save the ballance by salting and drying some of it. They 
had a camp covered with buffaloe hides; we took our meat 
to a cabin of Mr. Smith's 5 miles from Logan's Fort, on 
Gilberts Creek. I left my negro boy with my meat and 
returned to Green River with the horses. Some men that 
were not hunters went with me to Green River, and helped 
me with the horses. I killed several buffaloes on the route, 
and loaded all their horses. They offered to pay me, but I 
did not charge them anything. 

One day as the dogs and I were running in the path near 
the river, the snow being deep, a large swan was in the 
path, and as he had to flop his wings several times before 
he could rise, the dogs caught him. We took him to our 
camp; he would not eat anything. He was as high as a 
woman, and had a black bill and black feet. I killed and 
skinned him, and gave him to a lady in the Fort. She made 
a good pillow of the feathers. 

This hard winter began about the first of November 
1779, and broke up the last of February 1780. The 
turkeys were almost all dead, *:he buffaloes had gotten poor, 
peoples' cattle mostly died, there was no corn or but little in 
the country. The people were in great distress, & many in 
the wilderness were frostbitten. Some died and some ate 
of the dead cattle and horses. When the winter broke the 
men went and killed the buffaloes and brought them home 
to eat, but they were so poor a number of people were taken 
sick, and actually died for the want of solid food. Most of 
the people had to go to the falls of Ohio for corn to plant, 
which was brought down the Ohio. 

Bro. James Trabue, with a number of our relations and 
acquaintances, came out in the spring. I brought plenty 
of good fat salted buffaloes for them, but had no breacl. 
But a good many hands make light work. Our meat soon 



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Hunting Buffaloe and Other Game 

failed. These were old Virginians. Uncle Bartholomew 
Dupuy was one, he went with us to the woods to see the 
land and hunt. We killed some very good Bears, but they 
were soon eaten up. George Milpon' Smith, half brother to 
G. S. Smith, came out also; he was an active man with a 
gun. These two Smiths and I were often out together 
hunting while the others were preparing the ground for 
planting corn. 

We killed several Bears &: Deer, but they were soon eaten 
up. We were much engaged in preparing ground for plant- 
mg corn. One night we went fishing in Dick's River with a 
light, and giggs we caught some fish, fried and ate them 
but not a sufficiency. The two Mr. Smiths were goin^ the 
next day to preach at some place. On Monday thev said 
they would go hunting. Sunday morning [effery Davis 
and myself got our horses and guns, and thought we would 
go to some Deer Licks some 6 or 7 Miles Distant, and see 
If we could not get something to eat. W^e started out and 
looked sharp for game and went to the licks, watched all 
day and did not see anything to kill. 

When we were lying and watching the lick ^Ir. Davis 
said if I was only now in Virginia. At this very time there 
is preaching at Dupuy's Meeting house, so many pretty 
girls there, if I were there I could go with some of them 
and eat a good Dinner, & have something good to drink' 
but here \ye have nothing to eat in this dreary wilderness '' 
We moved to different Deer licks and huntedDiliaentlv all 
that day without success, until after sunset we' had' <rot 
nearly m sight of our fence. I saw a bear, I jumped off to 

^uTK^]■ ?^'-Pr'' '""'"^ "^°^'t ^^hoot it, it is Jonse's 
little black horse' he spoke low so that the bear did not 
hear him as he was nearly 100 yards distant. 

I could not see very well as there was branches in the 



^v^y but thought if I was not quick I might lose him, and 
at hat time I would rather have a good bear than the two 
ittle horses, so I tired and killed him. Mr. Davis rode up 
to hnn and shot him a second time in his head. He rode to 
our cabin and about a Dozen of our men came running and 
glad they were, as they had been keeping a fast day for the 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



want of something to eat. It was taken home and some was 
soon prepared for eating, and we made up for some of our 
back rations. This bear, I suppose, would weigh 200 neat 
but as we had no bread it would not last more than 2 days. 
Mr. Smith and I went off hunting for 3 days, and killed 
a little deer which just served us and the dogs. We started 
homewards hunting as we went. We got within about 6 or 
7 miles of home, and stopped to eat, and then concluded to 
start home. Every man was to take a different course, that 
3 courses were better than one. So we divided and started, 
but it soon began to rain. I saw a large bear before me, he 
was running so that I could not get a shot. I was on a 
very good brisk horse. I let out after the bear and could 
keep up with him, as my horse went a good course for 
home; after while the dogs that were with Mr. Smith got on 
our trail, and came to me; tliey soon stopped the bear. It 
was raining, Mr. G. S. Smith heard us, and came to us 
and shot the bear. We took him home and glad our people 
were as they were entirely out of food. He was a large fat 
bear, we had many hunts and killed a great quantity of 
meat; some times we suffered very much for food. We 
made it our business to hunt for the rest while they were 
preparing to plant corn. 

I will mention one more of our hunts. We went on Point 
Lick creek, and, on a ridge we killed a buffalo and hung 
it up and went on to hunt more. We saw Indian tracks 
going on to where the buffaloes were hanging; knowing 
the Indians were in the habit of watching hunters. While 
we were consulting about the matter tv.-o buffaloes came 
running from that way, and stopped and looked back 
where our meat and the Indians were. It was about sunset 
when these buffaloes were killed, it was after dark before 
we got the meat ready for starting. We put on our saddles, 
the dogs quit barking, the conclusion was that the Indians 
were gone to where the meat was hanging, and would wait 
for us there. We loaded our horses and started. When 
day came we kept in the cane the most of the way home. 
M. Smith said he would not run the same risk again for a 
handsome sum. I have ever thought he was wrong as the 



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•-, ..;:..■/ •-.-.: !,;ui T - 









Hunting Buffalo and Other Game 



Indians, when they go to war have several in company, but 
we escaped and got our meat home safe, and it was really 
needed. The next day the Indians defeated some hunters 
not far from tliat place, it was supposed they were the 
same Indians. 



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^ ., . CHAPTER XVI 

I' ' 

s A Visit to Colonel Floyd of Be.ar Grass Creek 

It was concluded after that I should conduct Uncle 
Dupuy, Col. Sherwin, Doctor Scott, all from Amelia/ 
county, Virginia, to Linsville" to see the country and get 
provisions to go to Virginia. Mr. S. Smith also sent a man 
with us; we took 2 or 3 pack horses. We called on Col. 
Floyd'* on Bear Grass. Col. Floyd informed us the In- 
dians were very troublesome in small companies. Doing 
much Mischief in stealing horses & killing people. Col. 
Floyd said he was determined upon watching particular 
places on the Ohio for them, and killing one or more. I 
understood after that Col. Floyd watched for them, and 
killed some. Col. Floyd had a black walnut tree that these 
Virginians did much admire, it was 33 feet in circumfer- 
ence, and the trunk was about 60 feet to the limbs. 

Col. Sherman said if that tree were in old England they 
would make saws on purpose to work it. These old Vir- 
ginians were so well pleased with this land on Bear Grass 
they said they could hardly believe their own eyes. We 
went to the Falls, stayed there a day or two, got our loads 
of flour, corn & bacon, and started home. In going along 
the path to about one mile of Linn's station I was in front. 
I saw an Indian before us behind a log. He squatted down, 
and was about 100 yards distant. I dashed off in the 
woods and hollowed "Indians." 

The company followed my example, and dashed after 
me, the pack horses kept up with us ; when we got in sight 
of the station I stopped to tell them what I had seen. I 
told them there was a large log near the road, before us, 
and I saw an Indian's head dodge down. In a little time 3 
men came riding up, 2 of them were wounded, and had 

"Evidently Linn's Station on Beargrass Creek. JefTerson County, 
formed 1779 or 17S0; ten miles from Louisville. Collin's, II, 20 and 359. 

"Colonel John Floyd, for whom Floyd County was named, was with 
George Rogers Clark on several of his military expeditions. Floyd's 
Station, on the Middle Fork of Beargrass Creek, six miles from the Falls 
of the Ohio, was settled by Floyd in 1775. Collin's, II, 18 and 238. 
60 



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A Visit to Colonel Floyd 



lost their hats; it was sunset and too late for anybody to go 
after the Indians. The men said that there were 9 or 10 
Indians. The next day after Breakfast we set out for 
home. I went before, and piloted the company; we were 
6 in number. 

On the route Col. Sherwin and Doctor Scott lost their 
horses. V\'e lost one day hunting them, but did not find 
them; we put their things on our horses and started. Col. 
Sherwin said he put a bottle of old brandy in his saddle 
bags in Mrginia and thought he would not touch it or let 
any know he had it unless he got in a straight, and now was 
the time, so he pulled it out, and it was really good. I was 
sorry for Col. Sherwin he was a fat man, and walking 
almost killed him. Just about sunset we found their horses 
and they were glad enough. We got home safe, and these 
old Virginians all started home. 

My brother John Trabue came out this spring, he was a 
Deputy Surveyor under John ]May: he made several sur- 
veys for the people near Logansfort. The land office was 
opened this spring at Wilson's station, ^^ for entering land 
warrants. James Trabue and I went there to make some 
entries but there were so many people we had to cast lots, 
and according to lot, he, James Trabue made some few 
entries. It would be several days before he could make any 
more, and it would be several days before I could make any 
entries, as my warrants were not on the first day. 

So we went home, and James Trabue told me he would 
make my entries for me when he made his, if I would stay 
at home, and attend to hoeing our corn. I agreed to it, and 
gave him my warrants and a memorandum Avhere my land 
was to be laid. It was 2000 acres, and choice land. James 
Trabue said he would go to Licking'^'' on his Commissionary 
business, and would be back to Wilson's station in time to 
lay our warrants. So he went to Licking and got to Rud- 

"■''Wilson's Station, in Mercer County, on a branch of Salt River, two 
miles northwest of Harrodsburg. The Wilson's Station in Lincoln 
County, at the forks of Clark's Run, was not formed until 1785. Collin's, 
II, 22. 

"Licking, in Nicholas County, Ky. 
61 



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The Jourxvl of Coloxel Daxiil Tkabue 

die's Station" at night and when morning came their Fort 

was surrounded by Indians. Col. Byrd,^''' a British officer 

from Detroyt soon arrived with a cannon. Col. Byrd sent 
in a flag to the fort demanding them to surrender to him as 
prisoners of war, to which they refused. 

The cannon was fired twice, but it did no damage, ex- 
cept knocked one cabin log, so it was moved in about 6 
inches. Capt. Ruddle insisted it would be best to capitu- 
late. Capt. Hinkston and James Trabue insisted to defend 
the fort; at length Capt. Ruddle got a majority on his side, 
and petitioned Col. Byrd to capitulate. The flag was sent 
1! , ^ . back and forward several times before they agreed, and the 

i| , \ ■' * "'' ' ,. articles were signed or agreed to. 

:f . ■ James Trabue was the man that did right in behalf of 

Ruddle & the people in the Fort. The Terms of capitulation 

; ; were that Col. Byrd and his white soldiers should protect 

the people that were in the fort and march them to Detroyt 

I ' as prisoners and that the Indians should have nothing to 

do with them. That the people's clothing and papers should 

be kept secure to themselves, with some little exceptions; the 

: ■.' Fort gate was opened, the Indians came rushing in and 

i ' plundered the people. They even stripped their clothes 

; '• ' from them, and divided the prisoners among the Indians. 

^ * In a few minutes a man did not know where his wife or 

,j ~ "' child was, nor the wife know where the husband was; nor 

i " • the children where the parents were. All this was contrary 

I i,^' to the capitulation. 

\ ".,»;; i.; They went and took Martain's Station, also Captain 

\ - ,""' , ' "Ruddle's Station was on east bank of South Fork of Licking River, 

\ '"" three miles below the junction of Hinkston and Stoner's branches, about 

{ ■•■'.• c seven miles from Paris, in Bourbon County, Ky. It was settled in 1777 

|: '. '1 by Isaac Ruddle. Captured and destroyed in 1780; rebuilt by John Hinks- 

f •.• , , X ton and others and called Hinkston's Station. Collin's, II, 21. 

\ _.-, , ,, "Colonel Byrd, an officer of the British Army, with six pieces of 

V '. . artillery and 600 Indians and Canadians, made an excursion into Kentuck-y 

I ^ in the summer of 1780. He arrived at Ruddle's Station, June 22. 1780. 

5' ot--. ,:: jjg demanded the surrender of the station and agreed that the prisoners 

i'- "■'-;! should be under the protection of the British. "No sooner were the 
gates opened, than the Indians rushed into the station, and each Indian 
seized the first person he could lay his hands on, and claimed him as his 
own prisoner. In this way the members of ever>- family were separated 
from each other." Among the prisoners was Captain John Hinkson, a 
i brave and experienced woodsman. Collin's, II, 328, 329. 

62 



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THE CHARLESTON HUGUENOT CHURCH— The only one in America 

Three of The Huguenot Churches at last submitted to the inducements of the 
English Church. One, however, remained true to the faith of the fathers, 
and today is the onlv Huguenot Church in America. It is the Huguenot 
Church in Charleston, South Carolina, built in li;81. This is the onlj- church 
on the continent holding and using the Liturgy — form of government and con- 
fession of faith formulated by Calvin, and handed down by their fathers. Rev. 
Elias Purolean, grandson of Antonic Pruli, Doge of Venice, was their first 
pastor. Divine service was rendered in French until 1^2-^. 
The church edifice is adorned with mural tablets of historic interest, and 
beauty of execution. Among the names are found Huger, Mazyck, Horry, 
Priolean, Ravenel, Porcher, Gourdin, de Saussure, and Du Puy. 



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\v>n .-bvui.!/ ,-03i>H ':-r.iS' 



A Visit to Colonel Floyd 



Hinkson made his escape from them, and came home and 
told the news. The Indians were troublesome in many 
places, this was melancholy news to me; my land warrants 
were gone, that had cost me a great deal, but that did not 
disturb me like the loss of my brother. Col. Roger Clark 
proposed to go on a campaign against the Indians; it was 
agreed upon; preparations were made; the day set for our 
march. I was to go as Commissary for Col. Benjamin 
Logan's Regiment. 

My pack horses and bullocks were ready when Brother 
John Trabue told me he wanted me to go to Virginia on 
some particular business. He or James Trabue had to go, as 
James was with tlie Indians, some one either he or I, would 
have to go. He said he had been talking to the Logans, and 
they were entirely willing for me to go to Virginia, and John 
Trabue to go on the campaign as their Commissary. John 
said his main reason was that as he had been an Indian 
trader and v.-as some what acquainted with their language 
and customs, that if they would take any prisoners he 
thought he could by some means get Brother James Trabue 
Ransomed or Exchanged. I wanted us both to go, but he 
said it would not do. He said "our Brother William is now 
a prisoner with Gen'l Scott at Charlestown,^^ held by the 
British; our Brother James is with the Indians, Brother 
Edward is in the Southern Army. I think it is your duty to 
go to Virginia, and do my business & see our Mother that 
had no son of any size with her, only a parcel of children, 
and many negroes that were not easy to manage." 

So I agreed to go to Virginia and John Trabue went on 
the campaign as Commissary. Colonel James Knox,®" 
Colonel Tom Marshall,*'^ G. S. Smith and myself started 

"'Charleston, S. C, had surrendered to the British, May 12, 1780. 
Lossing's, Field Book of the Revolution, II, 667. 

"Colonel James Knox, who. with twenty-two men called the "I-ong 
Hunters," encamped at a place called Camp Knox, in the eastern part of 
Greene County. Collin's, II, 18. 

"Colonel Thomas Marshall, formerly commander of the Third Va. 
regiment on Continental establishment; subsequently Colonel of the regi- 
ment of Va. Artillery during the Revolution. Surveyor General of lands 
in Kentucky, appropriated by Va. to the officers and soldiers of the \'a. 
State line. He emigrated to Kentucky in 1785. Died in Woodford 
County, Ky., June, 1803. Collin's, II, 393, 394. 



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The Journal of Coloxel D\xiel Tri 



to Virginia. Before we left Crab Orchard we had a smart 
company, and after we crossed Cumberland River my horse 
was taken sick at almost night. ^Slr. Smith took my saddle 
bags and big coat, & went on a head to stop the company. 

I was left behind with my sick horse, he got no better, I 
tried to get him along, but in vain. I pulled off the bridle 
and saddle, and left him, lying down rolling. I was very 
much a-fraid of the Indians. I went on about 3 miles 
before I came up with the company. Col. Knox and the 
company told me they would wait on me a little in the 
morning for me to get my horse. I went back before day 
and could not find him. 

I don't think I ever had such feelings. I was bv myself, 
looking every minute for the Indians, and no horse, only 
the one I had borrowed to take my saddle in case my horse 
could not. It was in the summer time the grass was high I 
could easily see the horse was not about there. He must 
have followed the company, so I took my saddle & bridle 
and started. As I went on it was hard for me to see where 
he could have left the road. 

I insisted on the company waiting a v.-hile longer on me 
as the horse was well, he could not be far from the road, 
and he could be found. Mr. G. S. Smith also insisted, but 
to no avail, they would not wait. There was a man that 
had led a horse that let me ride him, & take my saddle. He 
charged me a Dreadfully extortionate price, yet I was glad 
of that chance. I rode him to Holston, and met a com- 
pany. I told them about my horse; they found him, and 
took him along. The Indians defeated the company, and 
got my horse; when I got to Holston I stopped to buy me 
a horse; the company all went on, and left me. 

I bought a capital horse the next day, and went on my 
journey by myself. I went along Holston and New River. 
The men were fixing to go against the Torries and British. 
They were very anxious; I almost concluded to go with 
them ; these were the very men that had killed and defeated 



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A Visit to Coloxel Floyd 



Major Patrick Ferguson'^" on King's Mountain. When I 
v.cnt through Bedford at New London, they had about ISO 
men in custody trying them for Toryism."^ The fact was 
the British had taken Charlestown, and our army that was 
there. 

They sent some secret agents to Virginia with Lord 
Cornwallis's Proclamation in the name of George the 3rd 
that "who ever would now throw down arms of Rebellion, 
and join his Gracious Majesty King George's army he 
should have free pardon, and should, when the rebels were 
subdued, have a good proportion of their estates." These 
150 men had joined in with this proclamation, and were 
arrested, and in order to get clear, the most of them en- 
listed in the American army for two years.*** I know 
some of these men to this day. 

"Major Patrick Ferguson, a Scotchman, in command of British 
troops and Tories, was killed and his troops captured at King's Moun- 
tain, 12 miles north of Cherokee Ford, October 7, 1780. Lossing, II, 632- 
<534- ^ 

"The day after the Battle of King's Mountain, a court martial was 
held and several Tory prisoners, guilty of murder, hanged. Lossing, 11,635. 



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CHAPTER XVII 

' The Captivity of William Trabue 

When I got but a little further along the road the men 
had but just started to go with Gen. Gates to take Lord 
Cornwallis. Gen. Gates seemed to be sure of Victory. 
When I got to Chesterfield near Richmond the men were 
gone from there with Gen. Gates. When I got to my 
Mother's in Chesterfield county, I had to tell them the bad 
news as to Bro. James; but it was a great Consolation and 
Gratification that Bro. William was at my mother's; he had 
just gotten home; he made his escape in the following 
manner. He was orderly Sargeant to a company in the 
Virginia line, and had marched from the North, from 
Washington's army to Charles-To\\'n, and after they were 
besieged 10 Days they surrendered as prisoners of war. 
William Trabue said he expected at first they would soon 
be exchanged, but no such news; the sickly season was 
coming on, the men were getting the fever, so he Determined 
to try to make his escape. 

He tryed to please the British Officers as a Sergeant of 
the Company, One Day he asked a British Officer for a 
permit for him-self and men to go out of the fort to tlie 
town to buy some nick-nacks, and get clothes washed. My 
brother said as it was late in the Day they would go on the 
morrow, to which the officer agreed. William told 6 of the 
men that wanted to make the venture with him, that each 
of them would better get clothing that was not Regimentals; 
settle up their little accounts with their brother soldiers, for 
to morrow he would try the scheme. The next morning 
he got his permit for himself, and six more ; they took their 
knapsacks and went to town. Then went in an old ware 
house, pulled off their Regimental Clothes and Tyed them 
and their knapsacks Each in a large handkerchief; then 
they did not look like the same men, they looked like coun- 
try men. 

They went down to the River, bought some fishing hooks 

60 



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The Captivity of William Trabue 

uith poles, and went to fishing; then they got in a boat, 
and luwtd out of sight, and landed, and hid themselves 
until night; and then took the road and made British 
Tracks. They traveled all night, and looked sharp, and 
when Day came, hid themselves in the woods and went to 
sleep and rested themselves for the next night, and then 
started. When they would hear any one riding they would 
get out of the road, and let him pass. The British had 
offered rewards for all that could be caught, and many 
were often caught. After a few Days they kept the road, 
and traveled in the Day. Their provisions failed, they 
stopped at a house and got their breakfast. The inn keeper 
asked where they came from, also where they were going. 
They answered "we are from Charles Town, were taken by 
the British as Militia Men, and took protection." 

He said "Let me see one of your Protection (Papers)." 
The answer was "before we go we will, but we are hungry, 
and want to eat and Drink." They got what they wanted, 
and paid for it. When they were about to Depart they 
were called on to see one of their Protections. The answer 
was "Mine is not handy, I can tell you how they read." 
This did not satisfy the Inn keeper, but they bade him 
farewell. Then they went on fast for awhile, and stopped 
in the woods and lay down on the grass near the Road, 
and one watched, and the others slept. They had not been 
there long before they saw the same man, with many others, 
with guns, rushing along the road; but they all lay still 
until they saw them coming back: Then they kept to the 
woods until night, but went to a house and got something 
to eat, then traveled most of the night. 

They had come to a Determined Resolution they would 
not be taken; if they were obliged to defend themselves, 
they would fight to Desperation. Sometimes they would 
buy bread and meat, and take it with them. As it was 
they reached home safe and well. General Scott has since 
told me that after that time the men got very sickly and 
many were D}'ing. That the sentrys were ordered to let 
our men pass any time in the night to bury their Dead, so our 
men would tie up a live man in a blanket, run a stake or 

67 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

pole through the blanket, and two men would carry him, 
and some more men with spades would go and thus pass the 
Sentry. He, would cry out, "who comes there." the answer 
was "corpse." "Go by corpse" said the sentinel, and when 
they were passed they would untye their man, and all make 
their escape together. A great many got away on this plan 
in one night, but they had to alter their plan, and make 
other arrangements. 

I went to Richmond and did my business, and stayed a 
few Days at my Mother's. General Gates got defeated, and 
several of their neighbors never stopped until they got 
home. I started back to Kentucky and on my way heard 
the good news about Ferguson being defeated on King's 
Mountain. I called on Mr. Samuel Ewing on Mo.*""* River: 
he told me I had better take some thing to feed my horse in 
the middle of the day, and some thing for myself to eat. 
That on along toward the head of Cripple Creek they were 
all Torries ; for several miles they were Dutch people. I 
refused his offer thinking I could make some shift. When 
I came to inquire for something for myself, and horse, the 
answer was from a woman "my Husband is gone to Phila- 
delphia to get his money; he sold his land, and I have 
nothing hardly for my poor children." 

I called on several, it was at every house the same tale. 
I was now determined to try a plan; the very next house 
was a good looking one with a good barn, and Farm. I 
rode up and alighted from my horse, and went in and said 
"Madam, can I get my horse Fed, and something for 
myself?" She said "No, Sir." Question, "What is the 
reason." Ans. "my husband has gone to Philadelphia, 
where we came from, to get his Money that we sold our 
land for; he has not returned, I do not know what we will 
do." Question, "you seem to have plenty in your barn and 
a good crop growing, why not let me have what I now re- 
quest." Answer, "This crop that you see I and my children 
make it, and I cannot let anything go." "O Madam," said 
I "did you hear the news? General Washington and His 
Army are all taken by the King's men!" — "You Don't say 

"Evidently New River. 

68 






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df:ath of general Montgomery— Dec fmdf.k si, it:.-,. 

Battle of Quebci-. Within forty pai-es of the battery, a discharcre of grape-shot from a singjle 
cannon made deadly havoc. General Montgomery and MacPherson, one of his aides, were killed 
on the spot. Captain Cheeseman received a canister shot through the body and fell back a corpse. 



The Captivity of William Trabue 

so, is it a fact?" "It is a fact, and Genl. Clinton and Genl. 
Scott are at CharIesto\\Ti. It is all taken. 

Gen'l Gates is defeated; the King has conquered the 
Rebels, and we will have better times." She said "I am 
afraid you are a Tory." I said "I do not like to be called 
a Tory, but I am on the side of King George, he is a good 
king, fare-well IMadam." "Stop, she said, I will have your 
horse fed, John feed this gentleman's horse. Give him 
plenty. Katie set the Table, go down to the spring house, 
bring some good cool milk and butter, and put it on the 
table, also the cheese, the meat and the Pies." I had a fine 
Dinner and all the time I w^as eating she was talking about 
the times. She asked me many questions, and I told her 
many fine tales. She then told me her husband was then 
in the woods, hid, and so were most of the Dutch in that 
section. If I would wait 2 hours she would send for her 
husband and let him hear some of this good news. 

I told her I could not wait, she must "bring out my horse, 
and what shall I pay you?" I said, She answered 
"Nothing, nothing, you have told such good news. You 
are more than welcome." I then told her the most I had 
told her was incorrect, and I also told her my reason for 
telling her. She burst into tears and said "You will now 
go and tell Genl. Campbil." I told her I would not, and I 
did not. 

Wlien I got near the block House on Holston I met 
with Mr. G. S. Smith. He was agreeable to go through the 
wilderness together. We met with more company, 10 or 12 
of us on single horses all well armed. When we got some 
distance in the wilderness we overtook a number of families 
moving to Kentucky. They petitioned us to go with them, 
urging on us the Danger their women and children were in, 
as the Indians were almost constantly on the road. We 
consented, as we were now 40 armed men, and a number 
of wagons and Negroes. When we got to Cumberland 
River we remained there one night. When morning came 
it was raining, and continued to rain all day, so that we 
did not Travel in the afternoon. 

Major John Downey proposed that some of us go on the 

69 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

mountain, and kill a bear for meat for these people; there 
was a mountain just wliere we were on the North side of the 
River. Major John Downey, Mr. Ward and I agreed to 
go. We went up to the top of the mountain; it was about 2 
miles to the top; and when we got on the Ridge we dis- 
covered a vast quantity of chestnuts on the ground, and an 
abundance of bear signs. Their tracks were plenty, so we 
kept along on the Ridge still further from our Camp, 
expecting every minute to see bears, or Indians. It rained 
by this time hard, and we were about 4 miles from our 
Camp. The Ridge we were on was narrow, so we turned 
off the Ridge to our right to hunt some shelving rock, to 
keep the rain from us. We turned to the right to go dowTi 
the Ridge. 

There was a Gap between two lofty Rocks; we went 
througli the Gap and down a few steps, and we were on a 
bench 10 or 12 feet wide, and there was a shelving rock 
from the Ridge which mostly covered this bench. It was 
like a half face camp, in front about S feet high, and on 
the back side about 2 feet high. In the front of this bench, 
as we would look down the mountain from where we stood, 
it appeared to be Impossible to go further as it was about 
25 feet Down to the next bench perpendicular. We said 
"here is a jumping off place; it is good and dry where we 
stand, but what will we Do if the Indians come on us here?" 

We all concluded that it would kill any man who w^ould 
jump down; that if the Indians did come we could keep off 
20 by shooting them as they would approach; the bench 
that we were on was about 20 yards long. We did not go 
to the other end to see it. We had no idea there was a Gap 
at the other end of our bench, as it turned out there was. 
There were Dry leaves and sticks under our shelter. I 
stopped the touch hole of my gun with tallow, and then did 
catch fire, and we made up a fire and Dryed ourselves. I 
laid my Gun Down on the Back side of the fire to dry. We 
concluded that when it would slack raining we would go 
back the same way we came, and that we would kill a bear 
as the signs seemed to be plenty. 

As we stood up before our fire we looked Do\vn the 

70 



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The Captivity of William Trabue 

mountain and all concluded it was the roughest looking 
place we had ever seen. Big lofty looking Rocks; big 
dismal precipices. We would chit and chat telling merry 
tales, and Maj. Downey would sing at times, though with 
a low voice. We had been there about 20 or 30 minutes 
when we heard a stick crack at our Gap. The word was 
"What is that?" One of us answered "Chestnuts falling." 
Another answered "I do not like it." I stooped down to 
pick up my gun, and cast my eye toward the Gap. I could 
see the Indians coming around. I shouted "Indians," and 
went by Majr. Downey; he had his gun to his face presented 
towards the Gap. We all had our faces towards our Gap, 
thinking to shoot them and Defend ourselves; when just 
at that time Indians screamed out on the other end of the 
bench, and came rushing up. 

The Indians toward our Gap answered them with the 
most Dreadful yelling I had ever heard. All came rushing 
upon us together with their Tomahawks in their hands. I 
spoke, and said, "Let us jump Down." We all did so: the 
Indians had almost gotten near enough to strike when we 
made the Leap. Mr. Ward jumped first and when Major 
Downey, and I pitched off. Ward was about halfway do\\'n. 
The bench we alighted upon was rich soft earth and slant- 
ing. It was about two steps wide, so when we alighted 
we slipped Down to the next bench which was not so far. 
This was done almost as quick as thought, so we were out 
of their sight. We went down, down, I can not say we ran, 
but jumped and slipped down the mountain. The Indians 
pursued us; We suppose they started after us some other 
way than we went. We could hear the rocks tumbling 
behind us as we went. 

We three men kept together for some time. ^My shoes 
were wet, and too big for me, so I kicked them off and 
went past them; then I thought of the silver buckles that 
were on them, which were worth $6. So I turned around 
and reached them, and looking back I saw the Indians 
coming. I saw one presenting his gun at me perhaps 100 
yards off, others were coming. I felt bad. I soon caught 

71 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

up with the men, and as I passed them, Major Downey 
said "Let's stick together." I thought he did not think of 
that when I was behind. 

I said nothing as there was not time for chatting. I went 
on ahead only a few steps before them. When we got down 
the mountain I stopped under a tree and primed my Gun; 
Major Downey said "Let us shoot them." We could hear 
and see them coming. I said, "come on." So we went on 
with all our might, I believe I could have gone a little 
faster but Did not like to leave them behind. When we got 
Down the Mountain, we were on a creek; so we went douTi 
this creek, as our Camp was at the mouth of the Creek on 
the same side. As we went down the creek we were very 
often in a cane break. 

I thought it best to cross the creek so I went over it, and 
my companions followed me; as we went down on the other 
side the Indians kept on this side; we saw them. When 
we got almost to our Camp we crossed the creek opposite 
our Camp on a log; where we first waded it was to our mid- 
sides. I then Drank water out of my shoes; this was the 
first of my recollection that I had picked them up. We 
were so out-done we could scarcely speak, but told our men 
that the Indians numbering 12 or 15 had followed us near 
to the camp. 

Our men about 15 or 20 with their guns went out, but 
could not see them ; it was almost night, so we tyed up most 
of the horses, and gave them cane to eat. Major Downey 
said I saved his life by saying "jump down" as he would 
not have thought of it, as we had concluded otherwise. Mr. 
Ward said he did not Remember that I spoke at all as at 
that time, he says, the Indians made such a dreadful noise, 
and came running up on both sides he was so alarmed he 
jumped scarcely knowing what he was doing. 

Major Downey lost his hat, Mr. Ward his Tomahawk, 
and I my butcher knife, and a handkerchief, at our Shelter. 
We each of us concluded that if people could see the way 
we went, they would say it was a Miracle that we were not 
killed. We think the Indians had no notion that we would 



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The Captivity of Willia:^! Trabue 

jump down. We think the guns of the Indians were wet, 
and that they had followed us from our Camp, or, they 
might have seen our smoke. The next Day neither of us 
could scarcely walk; our friends had to bring up our horses 
to us, for us to get on them. As Major Downey was a very 
large boney man, if he had not jumped Down he would 
have killed some of them before they killed him; at any rate 
he would have tryed. Mi. Ward and I were about common 
size. 



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CHAPTER XVIII 

Death of Colonel John Trabue and Captivity of 
Commissary General John James Trabue 

We all got to Kentucky safe. I went to Logan's Fort, 
and found my brother John Trabue was Dead and buried, 
I had heard of this before I reached Kentucky. Colonel 
Ben Logan and wife, and the other people of the Fort paid 
great Respect to him in the time of sickness. He had been 
taken sick on his return from the Campaign. He was 
buried very decently. I paid off the funeral expenses. Mr. 
G. S. Smith and I, had our corn gathered; we sold some, 
cribbed some, and fed our horses plentyfuUy. 

There was a wonderful change of times between the 
planting of this corn and the gathering of it. When it was 
planted we were partly starved; when it was gathered there 
was a bountiful crop of corn, pumpkins, Potatoes and 
plenty of Milk and Butter and plenty of Meat in the Woods. 
The people were fat and quite cheery, getting quite saucy; 
but I was very much Dejected. My Brother John whom I 
loved and made great calculations on was dead. He 
explored Kentucky, Green River and Cumberland in tlie 
year 1775. 

Brother James was now with the Indians or the British, 
we were uncertain whether we would ever see him again; my 
Land Warrants were gone and the land located by others. 
My great calculations of Kentucky seemed to be blasted. I 
decided to hire out my negro boy, and Mr. G. S. Smith and 
I started home to Virginia. Two of our young men, Samuel 
Hacker, a cousin of mine, and Jeffery Davis, who had been 
in Kentucky all summer and who had been out with Logan 
on the campaign went to Virginia with us. 

A few days after I had gotten home to Virginia my 
Brother James Trabue reached home, and there was great 
joy for him, but lamentation for Brother John. 

The account that James gave of the Surrender of Ruddles 
Fort was that the British had agreed to protect the Whites 






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Death of Colonel John Trabue 



from the Indians, and he wrote the capitulation himself. 
But so soon as the Fort gates were opened, they were all 
Divided and sub-divided amongst the different tribes of 
Indians like a Drove of sheep. Families were divided, the 
husband from the wife and children. One Indian seized 
James Trabue and claimed him as his prisoner. 

There was dreadful pulling and hauling, and although 
one Indian claimed him, and had him by the hand, another 
Indian ran up to him, and snatched the hat from off his 
head, which was a valuable beaver hat. ^ly brother said 
when he lost his hat he was alarmed and immediately pulled 
out his watch and gave it to the Indian that claimed him, as 
he could speak a little broken English. He told the Indian 
he might have it, and handed him his pocket book, but told 
him he must return that again. 

The Indian said he would; he also gave the Indian silver 
buckles and some other valuable things. He told the Indian 
to keep them also; he was in hopes that as he was generous 
to the Indian, the Indian would be again generous to him, 
and let him keep his clothes and Return him his pocket 
book. But the other Indians that had no prisoners pulled 
off all his clothes and gave him one of their Ragged Shirts 
to put on that Did not keep the Sun from burning his Skin. 

He told how they killed old Mrs. Barger, a Dutch woman 
that we were acquainted with. As the company of Indians 
marched along, this old woman had one Indian behind 
her, and he would jump up and wave his Tomahawk and 
cut a number of capers, and then killed her. The blow 
came when the old lady was not expecting it; they iinished 
her and scalped her and gave a dreadful yell. My Brother 
said he often looked to see if they were cutting capers 
behind him. 

They took him to Detroit and sold him to the British. 
The men mostly were taken to Detroit, and some of the 
women, but the children were kept with the Indians. My 
brother, with many others was taken to Montreal. When 
at Detroit he called on his Indian for his pocket book 
promising him something else. He gave him some other 

75 












.1 nui! )•- ■: \yii. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Tr.\bue 

little present perhaps a loaf of bread, and got his pocket 
book again, and most of his valuable papers. He had had 
continental money in his pocket book, that was all gone; 
but his land warrants were all safe. He brought them home 
with hira. 

When he first got to Montreal he was informed by the 
people that he could get clothing for Labour in making forti- 
fications; he refused to work for 2 or 3 days as he under- 
stood that some work brought a much better price than 
others. After he had viewed the Different kinds of work, 
he informed the Commander that he would work with the 
stone masons. They asked him if he was a Mason; he 
answered he was a brick layer, but he thought he could v^-ork 
stone work. He went to work with the Masons, and got his 
Dollar a Day v/hcn common work was only 2-6. He soon 
got plenty of clothing, but pretended he was afraid to be in 
debt. The officers would insist on the laborers taking goods 
for their wages, and were very willing for them to go a 
little in debt. 

He passed as a Stone Mason, and after a while they put 
him to brick laying, and he satisfyed them at that also, 
although he had never worked at either before, but he got 
his $1 per day. He made himself familiar with their people, 
and got hold of their Maps and examined into the geogra- 
phy of the country. He came to believe he could make his 
escape; he communicated this to some of the prisoners, and 
7 of them agreed to embark in the Venture. He told the 7 
men to make ready and the first Dark rainy night they 
would start. To try, if possible, to procure guns and ammu- 
nition. They generally Drew several Days provisions at a 
time, and they saved and laid by such as they thought 
would do for their journey. 

A few days previous to their departure James Trabue 
went to their store to get some articles. He looked at some 
of their very best superfine broad cloth. He told them when 
he got them enough in his debt, he must have a coat from 
that piece. They told him to take it now ; so it was cut off. 
He also took 2 fine linen shirts, breeches, stockini^s and 



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Death of Coloxel John Tradue 

cravats, also trimming, and bad them all tied up in a large 
haiidkerchief, and took them to his lodging Determined to 
cheat them if he could, as they and their Allies, the Indians, 
had cheated him so much. He was now in their debt about 
75 Dollars. 

Alexander Noel was there a prisoner; he told James 
Trabue he could not venture the risk of an escape but if he, 
Trabue, could get home safe to write his Father and Jvlother 
in Essex County in Virginia about him. A number of the 
prisoners said the same. The first dark rainy night they 
all got together; they had no guns, but they had flints and 
spunk; they concluded to go to the River. 



They went to the boats, took one and rowed over; when 
they got nearly over the River they ran aground and could 
not get off. They thought they were discovered, as they 
saw a number of candles passing about the landing and 
Garrison. They waded to shore, and the water before they 
got out, was up to their breasts ; however, they all got over 
safely, and Bid adue to Islontreal. They went on some 
distance that Dark night, and slept some little when Morn- 
ing came. 

They then started one man to steer the way, and where he 
put his foot they were all to go in the same tracks ; the man 
that was behind had a turkey's foot and Deer's foot and if 
the least sign was made this hindmost man was to make a 
Deer's track or Turkey's track. They knew they would be 
followed, and so they were very careful. They kept along 
on rocky ridges and put their feet on rocks and stones. 

James Trabue was ahead and he had a pocket compass, 
and he would use it as he went along. When they would get 
to water courses they would keep in the water for miles at a 
time. He even went from a cliff and down a cedar tree, 
that reached from a brook below to the cliff. Then down 
the brook and all the men followed him correctly, so that it 
was impossible for the Indians to trail them. 
77 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



One evening after sunset they came near an Indian Camp 
where there were a large number of Indians; they with their 
Tomahawks were cutting wood: their horse bells made a 
great noise: they crept off to a hiding place to consult what 
to do. James Trabue told them these horses had been 
taken from the white people. They lay in ambush until 
the Indians were gone the next morning: they were afraid 
to keep the Indians' trail for fear of meeting more Indians 
behind the main array. They, however, kept to the course 
of the trail, and when they would strike it, they would leave 
it again being very careful to make no sign, by which they 
could be followed. 

When they left Montreal the understanding was that 
each man was to have 10 days provisions. . . . how- 
ever on the 7th Day they had'not one mouthful to eat, and 
no gun to kill anything with. They could strike fire, and 
would go into some hollow, and make up a fire sometimes, 
as the weather was as cold as it is in October or November." 
They all had good blankets; when they thought there was 
danger, they made no fire as they had taken so much pains 
to leave no sign. It took them longer to reach the settlement 
than they expected. 

The first Settlement they struck was Ticonderoga" which 
settlement had been broken up by the Indians they had met. 
They had been 5 Days without an>-thing to eat, so they 
made Diligent search for something to eat'; but the Indians 
had Destroyed everything. At one place they found a few 
potatoes but not as many as even one man could eat. They 
went on then 40 miles further, and came to where white 
people lived. So they were 13 1-2 days from Montreal to 
the Settlement, where they got something to eat. 

They suffered much for provisions; if they could have 
found m this broken setlement a horse, cow, hog, or Dog 
they_ would have eaten it, but they found none. Every 
particle of com &c. was swept down by the savages; their 

"Fort Ticonderoga was taken from the French by General Amherst, 
July 26, I7S9. Captured from the British by Colonel Ethan Allen, May lo, 
I77S- Losstng, I, 120, 124. 

78 



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Death of Colonel John Trabue 



horses taken a\Yay, and cattle and hogs destroyed, and some 
of the people killed, but the most of them fled. 

The 8 prisoners got safely landed in a Christian country 
again, and were fully compensated for all the difficulties 
they had undergone. They went to the Governor of New 
York, or some general officer in that country, and he gave 
them orders to draw provisions at the different public stores 
as they went home. James Trabue could have gotten a 
good horse and saddle for his fine suit of clothes, and so 
ridden home, but he concluded he would walk home, and 
wear his fine clothes. He got them made up, and he was the 
finest Dressed man in the country, as there was no importa- 
tion for some time. 

James Trabue gave an account of several prisoners whom 
he lijuughi had been killed. He wrote letters to their people ; 
he wrote to old Mr. Noel in Essex County, Virginia, and that 
was the first information of Alex. Noel being alive. Alex. 
Noel was living ... he 'with several others were 
. . . crossing Kentucky River just below Frankfort at 
Lees"^ To^^■n; the Indians fired on them and took Alex. 
Noel Prisoner and took him to their to\\Tis. This same Mr. 
Noel says that after James Trabue and the other men ran 
away the British Officers got 20 Indians to pursue them. 
They promised them $60 for each prisoner they would 
catch. Mr. Noel said his heart ached for the men. The 
Indians and the Officers, too, seemed sure of success, but 
after 12 or 15 Days they returned, and said they could not 
trail them, for after a few miles they could not see which 
way they went. 

Mr. Noel is now a neighbor of mine, and has often told 
me about it. He states his horse was shot from under him. 
They compelled him to walk when he was not able ; he was 
starved, and when they passed through one of the Indian 
TowTis the Warriors of that town were all gone to war 

"Leestown, one mile below Frankfort, was the first spot settled by 
whites, and as early as 1775 was a kind of stopping or resting place for 
the Explorers and Improvers. They came from the Pitt cr Monongahela 
country, in canoes down the Ohio, and up the Kentucky River, to "look 
at the land." Collins, II, 242. 

79 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

against the white people, and they could get nothing to eat 
there. They went on hungry and after they got out of sight 
of the town they halted and one of them got a mare that had 
a young colt. They killed it and divided it; the liver and 
some other part fell to Mr. Noel's share; he said that when 
it was scorched on the fire, the blood yet in it, it was the 
sweetest eating he had ever had in his life, and in a few 
minutes every particle of it was eaten, hide not excepted ! 

The Indians took Mr. Noel to their town and then to 
Detroit, and sold him to the British. A British Officer eave 
him an Old coat to put on, as the Indians had nearly 
stripped him. They also gave him a loaf of white bread 
to eat; and as he was sitting on the Stepps eating an Indian 
snatched his bread from him and ran off with it, and ate 
it himself. 

Mr. Noel v.-as sent from Detroit to Montreal, after James 
Trabue and the other men had made their escape. 
the balance of the prisoners were all put in a prison ship,' 
and treated in a bad and cruel manner. The British Officer 
would go to the ship and tell them if either of them would 
be^ a waiting man for an officer he might come out of the 
ship. Several of the men Did come out on these terms but 
Mr. Noel said he could not stomach it. 

They further offered if any would enlist in the British 
service they might come out. Mr. Noel got very tired of his 
berth. 

At length a Frenchman came in the ship and asked him 
if he could write and keep books; he answered he could. 
He told Mr. Noel he was a Tavern keeper, or kind of 



mer- 



chant . and that if he would keep his books for him 

he would get him out of that place. Mr. Noel agreed to it, 
and went and kept his books. He was a very capable man' 
and used Mr. Noel well, and paid him something for his 
services. Mr. Noel remained at Montreal until the War 
was over; he was then exchanged and sent home in a ship. 

James Trabue returned to Kentuckv that same winter and 
told the people m Kentucky of several men who were alive- 
one man in particular who told him he had no Doubt but 
that his wife thought he was dead. The circumstances 






lil '■■(li r^ .re jua 









V. 



Death of Colonel John Trabue 



were, he said, a little company of them were out hunting, 
and in the night the Indians fired at him, and as the gun 
went off, his foct caught in a grape vine. He fell, then 
the Indians jumped on him, and made a Prisoner of him. 

So when James Trabue told Col. Logan this circum- 
tance Col. Logan said "this man's wife thought him Dead, 
and she is to be married tomorrow to another man.'' Col. 
Logan said he would go and inform her of it, and he did 
go, and give her the information just about 2 hours before 
she was to be married. She then Declined it, and after that 
her Husband came to her and her children again. 









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CHAPTER XIX 
Colonel Robert Haskins in Command at Richmond 

In 1781 the British came to Richmond*'^ fifteen miles 
from where we lived. Brother William and myself got on 
our horses and went down to Manchester, on the opposite 
side of the River from Richmond. All our countrymen 
also, went there. We remained there until the neighboring 
country came, and when the British found that there were 
so many militia gathering, they burned the Warehouse of 
tobacco and some other houses. They then went down the 
River, and got in their Ships and went off. 

Colonel Robert Haskins Commanded this army. Vv'e 
were soon discharged. But in a few weeks, we heard the 
British were to return to Richmond. We went Down again, 
and then the British marched up the River on the North 
Side. Our men marched up on the South side; often they 
were in sight of each other. The British went up about 1 5 
miles to a foundry and burned it. I proposed to Bro. 
William that we could go over the River in the night and 
steal horses. If we could not get them immediately across 
the River, we might go some Distance up the River, on the 
other side, saying that in Kentucky men would go 2 or 3 
hundred miles, and have the Chio, and other Rivers to cross 
to steal horses from the Indians. 

Bro. W^illiam and Frank Merryman agreed to go with 
me, and try the experiment. Now all the boats, canoes, and 
skiffs were gathered along the River, and a Guard placed 
over them. We applied to Col. Davis who was the Com- 
mander, and he agreed that we might go, and gave an order 
to the officer of the boats for us to take such a craft as we 
would choose. 

We got our horses taken care of, and got a boat, and 
moved down the River a little distance. It was now getting 
dark and we were just ready to move off, when Col. Davis 

"Richmond, Virginia, was entered by the British, under command of 
Benedict Arnold, the traitor, January 5, 1781. Lossing, II, 435. 

82 



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Colonel Robert Haskins at Richmond 

sent for us to come to him. We went, and when we got to 
him he told us that we must go with Major Crump up the 
River about 10 miles and sink some boats or hide them so 
that no one could cross from eitlier side. 

We insisted otherwise; but nothing else would do with 
him, so we did as he directed. The last boat we hid in a 
gut, also the oars. 

When we got in the road again two men met us, and told 
us they wanted to go across the River, that they were mer- 
chants, and their business was urgent, as they wanted to go 
to Richmond, and the boats were all put out of the way 
near that city. 

Major Crump informed them they could not cross here, so 
they concluded to go with us Down the River Road to our 
camp, and then down the River to Manchester, opposite 
Richmond. So the men went on with us, and asked many 
questions. 

Major Crump sometimes gave evasive answers, and 
sometimes answered what was not true. He said privately 
to me our orders were not to let our left hand know what 
our right hand did. When we got near our Camp on the 
River we left the main road; the men enquired of us if our 
army extended to tlie road. The answer was "no." The 
2 gentlemen kept to the big road, and as they went on there 
was a guard, and a Sentry on the road; they were hailed 
"who comes there;" they answered "friends" so they were 
ordered to advance, and halt. 

The two men when they got close to the Sentry, who was 
on the side of the road, dashed off. The Sentry fired and 
killed one of the men, and when his papers were examined 
he was found to be a British Officer and a spy. The other 
got off unhurt; we heard the gun, but did not know until 
morning what it meant. We had the counter sign, and 
passed the Guard. Then we went to camp, and went to 
sleep at a late hour of the night. We understood afterward 
that if we had gone over the river that night we would have 
had a fine chance to have gotten horses, as the British had a 
large number of horses in a wheat patch near the river and 
out side of the Sentries. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

I had a good horse, and rode as a Volunteer with several 
others, sometimes witli a few, and sometimes with 40 or 50. 
We would go recognoitering up and down the River, and 
sometimes we moved our magazines away to some private 
place. The Militia began to gather from other countries. 
Here Geo. M. Smith came to us; he commanded a fine large 
company, and Geo. S. Smith was his Lieutenant. I was 
very glad to see these Smiths here against the British. 
When the British found that the Militia were gathering they 
moved down the River and went to their shipping. 

The British army lay in their shipping near about 
Norfolk,''* and would come on land at times and pillage the 
country. The ^Militia were called on to go on a 3 months 
tour, and I was summoned to go as one of my nearest 
neighbors Captain Edward Moseley was our Captain; he 
was a wealthy man. He told me he must have my horse to 
ride. He was a first rate camp horse, but he told me to put 
any price on him, and he would give it. I told him I had 
some notion of riding him myself, perhaps I would get some 
emplo}Tnent that would require a horse, but finally I con- 
cluded to let Capt. Moseley have him. 

We were mustered and started down on the South side of 
James River about March first, 1781; we went near the 
Dismal Swamp, and encamped in Babs Old Field. Our 
Army was about 3000, all militia except the Artillery, which 
consisted of about 40 men Rank and File. We were com- 
manded by Major General Muhlenberg."^ 

We had not been there long before we heard the Drums 
beat; the General said "Strike tents and March." All the 
soldiers and privates in the army knew the sound of this 
beat. H it was at midnight everything moved. We under- 
stood the British were coming on us with a superior force. 

"Norfolk was taken by the British under Admiral Sir George Collier 
and General Matthews, May 9, lyyg. The garrison retreated to the Dis- 
mal Swamp. Heitman. II, 347. Lossing, II, 538. 

_ "Major-General John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, born at Trappe. 
Philadelphia (now Montgomery County), Penna., October i, 1746, son of 
Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, D. D., by his wife Anna, daughter of Con- 
rad_ Weiser, the celebrated Officer and Indian Agent of Pennsylvania, 
Major Gen. Muhlenberg Died October I. 1807. Life of General Muhlen- 
berg, by H. A. Muhlenberg, pp. 17 and 323. 
84 



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Colonel Robert Haskins at Richmond 



After we had started I saw Capt. Moseley and his waiter 
both on foot. It was a very common thing for the Captain 
to be on foot at the head of his company, and his waiter on 
his horse. But I saw neither on a horse, so I said to his 
waiter "Where is Ball?" that was the horse's name. He 
told me he had gotten away from him last night, and he had 
been looking for him all the morning, and could not find 
him, and he was going to leave him. The bridle and saddle 
were in the baggage wagon. 

I went to Capt. Moseley and told him I would stay 
behind, and get his horse for him. He said he did not 
request any such thing, as I might be caught. I told him 
there was no Danger, or but little, about these Swamps. He 
then said I might do as I pleased. As I had his consent to 
leave my place, I took the bridle and went around the camp 
pome dif^tance. I saw Ball's tracks and knew he had a 
large foot for Old Virginia. I tracked him across a swamp, 
and going about 2 1-2 Miles I found him, and he was glad 
to see me. 

He was at a man's house where there was nothing for the 
horse to eat. The man said the horse was there when he 
first got up in the morning and kept whinnying and would 
not go away. The man told me the way to go for a near cut 
to meet the Army, and I soon came up with them. The 
enemy pursued us, and if I had not gone after the horse, 
no Doubt but the enemy would have gotten him. Captain 
Moseley asked me when and how I found him. I told him, 
and he said he thought I was entitled to him, but I said 
"No." 

Not long after that William Wooldridge, who drove his 
own team in the army to carry the baggage for our company, 
lost his wagon horses. He had hunted for them and could 
not find them, and the news was the enemy was coming. 
The General was beating. Mr. Wooldridge was going on 
with the army, and expected to leave his horses and wagon 
behind for the enemy. 

Capt. Moseley called on me to know what was to be Done. 
I told him I would go with Mr. Wooldridge, and try to get 
the horses. But he must leave two men with the wagon to 
. 85 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

guard it, and he agreed to this. I told the two men they 
could see a great way off, and if they saw the enemy coming 
to take to the woods, but if the enemy did not come, to stay 
there until we returned. Mr. Wooldridge and I went around 
the camp, and soon struck their trail; after going 3 or 4 
miles we got them, and Returned to the wagon. 

They said if we had not come soon they were just going 
to leave the wagon, as they understood the British were 
coming. They thought we were gone two hours, and that 
was just the time they intended to stay, and no longer. The 
horses were now hitched to the wagon, and we were gone 
in five minutes. We went in a long trot, and overtook the 
army in a hurry. The army went on a piece further, per- 
haps another day, and we were met by several companies, 
some of them from the backwoods with rifles. We then 
turned our course to meet the Enemy, but they retreated and 
went to their shipping. 

We encamped near them, and kept scouting parties out to 
keep them from pillaging the country. The Rifle Men came 
from Rockbridge and Augusta counties. I knew several of 
them in Kentucky; they, and the two George Smiths, and 
myself often talked about wishing to have a chance to be 
pulling away at the British. Their fingers seemed to be 
itching to be shooting them. A number of the men grum- 
bled about their provisions, but I thought we were well off. 

Sometimes the flour was a little spoiled, but I could eat 
meat without any bread very well, and if the meat was a 
little spoiled we could get plenty of fish and oysters, by 
catching them ourselves. There were often wagon loads of 
white shad brought to our Camp, and sold for a very mod- 
erate price. We had been lying idle for some time, and 
there was a man that wanted to hire himself as a substitute. 
I asked him what he would take, and he told me; I agreed I 
would give it to him if Capt. Moseley would take him; so I 
took him to Captain Moseley and asked him if he would 
take him. He asked me my reason for wanting to leave 
them. 

I told him I was tired of doing nothing, that if we had 
any chance of shooting the British I would like it, but it 



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Colonel Robert Haskins at Richmond 

seemed as though we would have no chance to fight. I told 
him I would like to go to Kentucky again. He said "I would 
not have you leave us under any circumstances. If it had 
not been for you I would have lost my horse Ball, and my 
wagon horses. The wagon and baggage would all have 
been lost, and in the hands of the British. You have had 
bad luck in Kentucky, now why can you not speculate in 
Camp. Say you buy Rum, Brandy, and Cider, and sell it. 
I will let you ride my horse. I will let you have Ivloney, and 
I will do anything for you that I can, for I earnestly insist 
on your not leaving us." I then concluded I would not 
leave, so my man substituted himself for another. I rode 
Captain's horse in the country, and bought first a barrel of 
cider, and then 2 Barrels, and sold it at a handsome profit. 
I had money of my own, and did not borrow any from 
Capt. Moseley. 



DfAi Jt li 



CHAPTER XX 

Engagement with British Army at Petersburg, 
Virginia 

The British Army now moved up the River." We then 
had to march Day and Night. I took Capt. Moseley's horse 
and went ahead, and bought a cask of brandy, and had it 
brought to where we were encamped. I sold some of it at a 
handsome profit. Next morning I got it put in our baggage 
wagon, and wherever we stopped I sold some. Some of the 
soldiers were very glad to have brandy so handy. Others 
grumbled because it was carried in a public wagon, and 
when J was not there they stole some. When that was out 
I quit for the present ; nevertheless, I had made a good turn 
out of it. 

One Night, that was as Dark as any I had ever seen, we 
had to march all night, and it was raining the next morning. 
Then the word came that General Phillips, and Arnold 
were in the River ahead of us. The Army rested about an 
hour for the soldiers to cook, and then they were to go on 
again. There were patrolers and spies always out Watching 
and bringing us word. When we got to within a mile of 
Petersburg we halted, and took up camp for the night and 
stretched our tents. We were on a beautiful branch of 
water and wood. 

The soldiers were cooking, some were eating, and some 
had their victuals half done, when suddenly the Drum 
beat. The General had the Tents jerked down, the cooking 
tools were throuTi into the wagon, and in a few minutes we 
were marching to Petersburg, which is on Appomattox River 
10 or 12 Miles from its mouth. When the British landed 

"April i6, 1781, the British fleet proceeded up the James to the junc- 
tion of the Appomatox River, and embarked about 230 picked men at City 
Point, under the command of General Phillips and Benedict Arnold. 
General Muhlenberg with about 1,000 militia had succeeded in posting 
his command at Blandford, about two miles from Petersburtr, between 
the_ enemy and that city. On the 25th the British commenced the attack 
which lasted about two hours. Life of General Muhlenberg, pp. 246 and 
247. 









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PETERSBURG, VA., COURTHOUSE 
Petersburg was one of the towns founded by Colonel Byrd, and 
is on the Appomattox River 22 miles South of Richmond. 









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Engagement with British Army 



at city point they marched on foot, and some of their 
smaller vessels went up the Appomattox River. It was too 
small for vessels of any size previous to this time. 

Capt. M. G. Smith and Lieutenant G. S. Smith and 
Myself, and the backwoods Rifle Men, had been grumbling 
about so much retreating and no shooting. The Militia now 
began to complain very much, saying they would rather 
fight than run so much. Our Captain began to talk the 
same Way, also the field Officers, but our Commander Major 
Genl. i^Iuhlenberg was afraid to risk it, as General Gates 
had been Defeated the year before, and at Guilford'^ the 
Militia ran in confusion. We marched ahead through 
Petersburg; and as the supper or Dinner of our mess was 
not done, we lost it. 

As we passed through town I got leave of absence, and 
went to a Baker's shop, and got some good loaves of bread, 
and ginger cakes, and took them to our mess. We saved 
some of our bread for the next morning, and put it in each 
man's knapsack. We crossed the River at the town with 
our wagons, artillery and all, and took up the planks of the 
Bridge, and lay on our Arms all night. We were now in 
Chesterfield County, where I was born and raised. Some 
of our countrvinen heard of the approach of the Army, and 
in the night perhaps 1 or 2 hundred people came to us. 
Some of them on horses and others on foot, and there was 
great counciling that night with our General and Field 
Officers, and the conclusion was to fight and try the Militia. 

At Day light next morning a gun was fired; the planks 
of the Bridges were laid down, and a hogshead of rum was 
rolled out to each Regiment, the head was knocked off. 
"Now Boys drink and fill your canteens," was the word 
that came, "but Don't drink too much as we are going to 
fight to-day." It was said the Enemy had 6000 men; our 
army was upwards of 3000, that was 2 to 1. Our cannon 
was not taken up the River, but kept on a hill on Chesterfield 
side near the Bridge. It was before sunrise that the Army 
was over the bridge; several patroling companies were sent 

"The Battle of Guilford, North Carolina, occurred March 15, 1781. 
Heitnian. II, 328. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

out recognoitering. They were light horse from our o\^-n 
County, just come, Vohmteers. 

Our advance Guard met the army about 1 mile from 
town. This advance was a Sargeant and 12 men; his 
orders were when he would meet them, to fire when they 
came to 200 paces of them, and then to retreat to where they 
would meet with a larger squad. They did so, and met 
about 100 who had the same orders, so these 100 men fired 
when the Enemy was fully 200 yards Distant. They fired 
several times, until they got to mthin 100 yards, and then 
retreated to where there were about 500. They also fired 
several times. 

The British fired their cannon but our men were so scat- 
tered that it did not cause much Damage, while the Enemy's 
loss was considerable. At length the British charged on 
our men, and then retreated to wliere the main Army was. 
Our men were behind a Ware House, a hedge, and Dikes 
and Fences. We fired on the British as they advanced, as 
we took good aim we killed a number of them. A party of 
our men had been sent to charge on their flank; this seemed 
to halt the Enemy, and our people were firing away. 

The British had no light horse, and our men ventured 
very much with such a superior force. Our army retreated 
further in the Towti and it was an hour or two, before the 
enemy advanced. While we were there waiting Colonel 
Forkner called for Voluntee-s to go with him to take a British 
Signal that was a 1-2 mile below. He said he wanted a 
Captain and sub alternes and about 60 men; they must be 
brave and those that could swim. 

Captain Epperson, with whom I was well acquainted ran 
out, and said "Come boys;" it was perhaps one or two min- 
utes before anyone turned out. One of my men, to wit, 
Gabriel Vist said to me that if I would go, he would. All 
the hesitation I had, was because I thought we were needed 
where we were; and perhaps taking the Vessels was not 
much of an object. However I told Vist I would, and out 
we went. We were the first that followed Capt. Epperson. 

The company was made up, and we started; in 5 minutes 
went into a run, and before we got to them they fired on us. 



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Engagement with British Army 



So we went to the banks opposite the vessel, within 60 or 70 
)'ards, and fired on them as fast as we could load and shoot. 
They fired several times at us. Captain Epperson would 
see them putting a jSIatch to their cannon, and he would 
cry out; and all of us would fall Down and the cannon ball 
would generally go over our heads. We would jump up, 
and fire again at the men we would see on Deck, and did 
actually kill the most of them ; and as we could see no one 
to shoot at, and as they had quit shooting at us, Capt. Epper- 
son said "Boys, we will board her." 

All things were now still. Capt. Forkner was off a dis- 
tance of 200 yards, watching at the head of a swamp for 
fear some of the Enemy might surround us, when we did 
not suspect it. Col. Forkner came riding as fast as he could 
and said "Retreat." So we started and when he met us he 
told us ilieie were several hundred of the Enemy surround- 
ing us. We ran along up the river, and when we got to the 
head of the Swamp, where Col. Forkner had been watching, 
the Enemy about 250 men, were opposite us, about 200 
yards off to our right. 

We could out run them, so when they Discovered that 
they could not catch us, they turned and went to their 
Vessel, and I suppose, found most of their men dead. We 
had two men badly wounded with grape shot, and one 
Ball went in the bank under us, and knocked so much dirt 
on several of us that we were stunned for a while. We 
went to our Regiment, they had been skirmishing while 
we were gone; we met them retreating over the bridge, so 
we went above, and below the bridge on the edge of the 
water, to save the retreat over the bridge. 

When the Enemy discovered our men crossing the bridge 
they rushed after them. Our cannon had begun firing on 
them the most of the day, but at the beginning of their firing 
they were at a great distance, but anon, when they came 
near, they were much damaged by our cannon. The bridge 
was not wide enough for the men to get over fast enough, 
so the enemy came rushing do\\Ti to cut off our rear. 

Where I stood we had a fine view of them, and they 
were very fair to us, and we made good use of it. The 

91 



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The Journal or Colonel Daniel Trabue 

enemy at the foot of the bridge was in solid columns, and 
were some little time combatting with our men, charging 
with their bayonets. Our men rested and defended them- 
selves some little, but at last they took off about 40 or 50 
of our men before our faces within 60 or 70 yards of us; 
but they paid Dear for these men. 

Our Regiment at the bridge fired 10 or 12 times each. I 
fired 13 very fair shots; the wind blew off the smoke, and 
I looked where I had shot, and I could see them tilt over. 
When they Retreated up the hill from the bridge they ran; 
for our men would keep on firing at their flanks, so as not 
to hurt any of our men who were just made prisoners. We 
lost that Day killed 40, wounded 60, prisoners 50. The 
Enemy's loss was 6 or 800. 

Near about the bridge, after the enemy had retreated, the 
grnund v>'n.s cov;_rcd with red coats as we could see them 
plainly. Firing first began a little after sun rise, and con- 
tinued until two hours of the sun in the evening. There 
was some time on that Day when you could not hear a gun, 
but not long at a time. Several times that day my gun was 
so hot that I could hardly hold it. 

Our Militia that day was very brave. We were ordered 
to fire when they were some Distance from us, and when 
they came up nigh, the men Had got a little used to it. At 
one time of that day a Regiment joined ours, that had not 
been engaged as yet, and a young man in this new Regi- 
ment said he was very sick; so he lay do\vn in the rear of 
his platoon and rolled on the ground, the enemy coming 
on before us. Brigadier Major Boyce was Riding along 
in the rear giving orders; the sick man attempted to run 
away. Majr. Boyce rode after him saying he would cut 
off his head as he was a coward. 

The young man tryed to jump over a gully, but fell back 
in the gully; the Majr's horse jumped over the gully, so the 
young man ran back to his place and stood there, the Major 
turned his horse and came back & as the young man was 
in his place and said nothing. Orders were immediately 
given to fire. I cast my eye on the young man; he fired, 
and kept on firing as well as any of us. I have no doubt 
92 



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Engagement with British Army 



the young man was sick, but it was from fear, that was the 
true cause of it, and Major Boyce cured him. 

There were some of my near neiglibors on horse back, 
equipt as light horse; to wit Robert Woolridge, and 5 
others. They were sent out in the morning to go around 
the enemy, and also to go Down to the shipping, to bring 
information and pick up stragglers, if they could. They 
returned about the middle of the day with 5 prisoners, who 
were on Capital horses. 

These men had some of the General's baggage coming 
on behind and had sent some on from their shipping. They 
were also well armed. They took them in this way. They 
saw them coming at a Distance, and hid themselves in 
ambush, until they came close, then on a sudden ordered 
them to surrender, and they yielded immediately. When 
they brought them to our camp it revived us to see the red 
coats, and to think our undisciplined men took old victors. 

Mr. Woolridge and the 5 men were Volunteers, and had 
just come to us in the night. Some of our slightly wounded 
could travel on foot and 2 wagons hauled tlie balance. 
We left Petersburg when the sun was nearly 2 hours high 
in the evening. I was now 25 miles from home. We 
marched towards where I lived up towards our Court 
House, we went about 7 miles that night and encamped at 
dark, where there was plenty of wood and water, and all 
went to cooking and eating. 

That Day there were but few of our army that ate one 
mouthful; for my part I ate a small piece of light loaf 
that I had got over night. I never did in all my life drink 
as much, nor half as much rum in one day, as I did that 
Day. I filled my canteen in the morning, and it held nearly 
one quart, and once in a while I would take a dram. I 
drank no water nor had any chance to get any. I had never 
been used to drink spirits without water, but that day when 
I wanted water, I would have to take a dram, and at night 
my rum was out, and I was Duly sober, and the rest of 
the men did about the same. 



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Baro- 



CHAPTER XXI ' , ^i 

Major-General Baron Steuben at Chesterfield 
County Court House, Va. 

When morning came we went on to Chesterfield" Court 
House, which was about 5 miles, and about 2 hours of the 
sun in the evening. Captain Moseley told me the army 
would leave that place that night, and he expected we would 
go towards where we lived. He said Lord Cornwallis and 
Colonel Tarleton''^ were also come from the South, and 
were at Petersburg with the other British army. He said 
"I wish you would go home, and also go to my house and 
give my wife the news, and see my overseer and tell him 
thus and so, and you can return to us to-morrow. I know 
you can and will, and do not say one word to any of the 
soldiers as a vast number want to go home, and some of 
them are in sight of their homes now as we march along. 
Take your mother's wagon and load it with Brandy and 
bring it to camp ; if she has none, go to my cellar, you will 
find plenty. 

Captain Moseley was very uneasy about his negroes for 
fear they might flee to the enemy. I told him I would go. 

Major General Baron Steuben'^ was at Chesterfield Court 

"After the engagement near Petersburg, General Steuben retired to 
Chesterfield Court House. Lossing, II, 545. 

"This much-detested man, Banastre Tarleton, massacred Colonel 
Abraham Buford's command, May 29, 1780. He was born in Liverpool, 
England, August 21. 1754. Came to America with Lord Cornwallis. and 
served with that officer until the surrender of Yorktown. "He had a 
sanguinary and resentful temper, which made him unmerciful to his 
enemies." Of Buford's massacre, Stedman, the British historian of the 
war, said: "On this occasion, the virtue of humanity was totally forgot." 
See Lossing, II, 607 and 664. Colonel Abraham Buford was a most in- 
trepid officer in the Colonial War. The Buford family gave a number 
of officers to the conflict. They were large of stature and always fur- 
nished fine e.xamples of the true and loyal Southern gentleman. 

See further account of the Buford family in this volume. — Editor's 
Note. 

"Major-General Frederic William Augustus, Baron dc Steuben, aid- 
de-camp to Frederic the Great, joined the Continental Army at Valley 
Forge, as a volunteer. He was at the battles of Monmouth and of York- 



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Major-General Baron Steuben 



House with new recruits of soldiers, and a vast number of 
young officers that he was tutoring for the army and public 
stores. I had no thought of our army leaving that place 
without contending for it. But it was they that left it the 
same night after I had gone. They did not have wagons 
sufficient to remove the stores, and they left them behind. I 
had 12 miles to go, so I started about 1 1-2 hours before 
sunset, alone, on foot. 

When I was 4 miles from home, in the Dark night, I 
heard some one coming toward me like a heavy footed 
negro. I supposed he was running away going to the 
British. I halted until he got to within about 20 yards. I 
then hailed him with "who comes there?" he stopped. I 
then said "Don't run, or you will be shot, who are you?" 
He broke and ran, I fired at him & the blaze seemed to go 
almost 10 uie fellow, ic was a loud report, but he ran off, 
& I never heard who I shot at. There were a number of 
negroes who ran away that night. 

When I got home all was well, and our negroes were all 
at home. I went to Capt. Moseley's immediately and his 
negroes were all at home. A few nights after that some of 
Capt. Moseley's did run off, and one of mine. I ate and 
slept well that night, and when morning came my mother's 
wagon was made ready, and loaded with Brandy. She was 
very glad for me to have it. She said she was afraid the 
British would hear she had it, when they were in the neigh- 
borhood, and come after it, or if the negroes would rise 
they would come after it. The poor lady was almost as 
afraid of the negroes, as of the British. 

My mother's negro drove the wagon, and my Brother 
Stephen Trabue who was about 14 years old, went along 
with us to help retail it. We met with the army at Falling 
Creek about four or five miles from our home. They had 
been marching almost all night. Our army was paraded in 
a large green wheat Field, and commanded by Baron 
Steuben, who had some of his soldiers and officers with him. 

town. He died at Steubenville, New York, November 28, 1798, aged 64 
years. Lossing, II, 342. 

A biographical sketch and wood-cut of Baron de Steuben appears in 
Field Book of the Revolution. — Lossing, Vol II, p. 136. Edition, i860. 
95 



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The Journal of Coloxel Daniel Tr.abue 

They expected the Enemy every minute. They came on 
this day to the Court House, and took what they wanted, 
and burned tlie baLance even the Court House they burned. 
Colonel Tarleton was seen coming this way. The Army 
marched the same evening and stopped at the coal Pits* 
just near where we lived. In 2 or 3 days I sold out my 
brandy, and went to get Captain Moseley's and sold it, and 
made a handsome profit on it. When I was obliged to do 
duty, Brother Stephen was tapster with the assistance of the 
negro driver, but I was mostly there myself, and would hire 
B man to go on guard in my place. 

Our Army was, at this time, 25 miles from Petersburg, 
and they moved back towards Petersburg 12 miles; not far 
from Chesterfield Court House, at Sutberry's Old Field. 
On a rainy day the men were in their tents, and some in a 
barn cooking, and some out of camp. I was out of camp, 
by permission, when Col. Tarleton with 500 horses and 
infantry, so there were about 1000 of them, came up on the 
back side. The men broke and ran; some of the Officers 
hollowed to the men to parade, but all in vain. 

Lewis Sublet, my brother-in-law, ran in the barn and 
took his gun and cartridge box, and waked his Brother 
James; but he was taken prisoner. One horseman came up 
with him. He defended himself with his bayonet, jumped 
over the fence into a swamp and made his escape very nar- 
rowly. This swamp saved an abundance of men. They 
took 40 odd prisoners, the most of the guns, all the cannon 
and all the wagons with the baggage, and publick stores. 

These 40 odd men were taken down the River in a Prison 
Ship, and were taken sick and Died, every man except 3. 
They were Martin Bageley, John Bowman and Gabriel 
Vist. All the rest died by hard usage. They were plun- 
dered of their clothes, kept in a Prison Ship, had nothing to 
eat, not even good water. These three men told me this. 

Mr. Bowman came home alive. I saw him, but he was 
sick when he was exchanged, for his people brought him 
home, and he Died. He lay as a skeleton for months pre- 

*I saw these near the dear old home and was very much interested 
in them. — Editor. 



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GEORGE WASHINGTON TRABUE ^,... 

Glasgow, Kentucky 
1 of Edward Trabue and Martha (Patsey) Haskins Trabue 
Taken at the age of 17 years (1810) 
1793-1873 



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Major-General Baron Steuben 



vious to his death. ISIr. Railey (?) was a cousin of Tom 
Jefferson, a neighbor of mine, and a very young man, but 
a man of sense. Gabriel Vist was also my neighbor, and as 
great a hero as any. I saw Mr. Bo\\-man before he died. 
They all told me the main reason of their hard treatment 
was because they would not enlist in the service of his 
Gracious Majesty King George III. 

Mr. Vist told me he thought he would make his escape 
from them, but he had not the least chance, as they kept him 
in a ship, well guarded. The men that were surprised at 
Sutberry's Old Field were Dispersed in such a way that 
they were never gotten together again; some few were col- 
lected, and went on to the north where they met General 
Lafayette and General Wayne on the Rappahannock River 
at Raccoon Ford.'^' My time of service was now out. 

The British Army were now destroying our country very 
much, and had no opposition. Lord Cornwallis had his 
headquarters at Petersburg, and Colonel Tarleton Was 
roving about the country just where he pleased. The people 
in Chesterfield were mostly hidden in the swamps, which 
were wet pools of water in winter, but were Dry in summer, 
and very bushy, equal to Cane Breaks. Almost all our 
)oung women left their homes, and went up the country. 
When the British would go to a house they would compel 
the negroes and children to show them where the meat, 
brandy, or flour were hidden. 

My mother's house was weather boarded and lathered 
and plastered inside, so I went in the back side, and drew 
a plank or two, and put most of the clothing and plate and 
the like in there, and then nailed it up again. No one knew 
of it but my Mother, and myself. Some of our meat was 
hid out but only some negroes knew where it was, but those 
we could confide in. 'M.y sisters went to Uncle's where we 
thought they would be safe. What arms and ammunition 
we had, we hid out. Brother William and I when we were 

"General Lafayette passed through Spottsylvania County, Virginia, to 
the Raccoon Ford, on the Rappahannock River, in Culpepper County, 
where he was joined by General Wayne, June lo, 1781. 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



home slept out. Brother Stephen, a boy, and my mother 
stayed at home. 

Captain Moseley, Brother William and I took several 
towns on the enemy's line in the night. Lord Cornwallis 
and Colonel Tarleton left the South side of the River and 
went on the north side to Richmond.'" June 20, 1781. 

"Lord Cornwallis entered Richmond, June 17, 1781. — Lossing, I, 550. 



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CHAPTER XXII 

Colonel Daniel Trabue Carries Dispatches to 
General Lafayette 

Colonel Good, the Commander of the INIilitia in our 
County, wanted some one to go with Dispatches to General 
Lafayette. Our Governor Thomas Jefferson was at this 
time up the River, at Charlottsville with our Legislature. I 
agreed to go for Colonel Good, and started on Sunday 
morning. I crossed James River at the Mannekin Town 
Ferry, and in Goochland County about 18 miles from home, 
as I was going on I met people in the road running and 
riding. The cry was "The British." 

''Where are they?" I asked. The answer was "at Colonel 
Dandridge's." I went one mile to Squire Guerrants, he 
lived off the road, and was my relative. I rode up, but v.-as 
afraid to alight. His son John told me if I would go ^vith 
him we would go and see. I said I would go, so I got Dowti, 
and went in on the Porch, and drank some spirits, and took 
some food, and my horse was fed at the Door in a tub, and 
there was a boy to hold him. 

Cousin John and I mounted our horses and went to the 
back of Colonel Dandridge's on a high hill in the woods, 
and we could see what appeared to be several thousand of 
them. My cousin John was a Major, and still but a young 
man, and afterwards he became a General. We talked some 
time, and then I bade fare-well. I did not think that any 
of Colonel Tarleton's horse could catch me, as I had a first 
rate horse. I went on that day, and at night stayed at a 
private house, and got my supper, and slept in a little house 
in the field, and my horse in the same house with me. 

When morning came I pursued my journey, and going on 
a few miles I crossed a big road, and saw thousands of fresh 
horse tracks. There was a Tavern, to wit, Brons Tavern 
about 100 yards from me on the cross road to my right. I 
rode to it and enquired what the tracks were. The gentle- 
man in his door said "Colonel Tarleton's, did you not see 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Tr.abue 



them, they are hardly yet out of sight?" I said "hand me a 
dram," and he auickly fetched me a case bottle, and I took 
a Dram, and said "What is to pay?" he said "never mind, 
I am afraid they will catch you, for their rear has scarcely 
passed." I said "I have a good horse, and I am not easy 
to catch!" 

He had asked me when I first rode up where I was going, 
and I had told him I was going to our army, commanded 
by General Lafayette. I had my pistols and a sword, so I 
did not stop there more than one minute, but bade him fare- 
well. He wished me success, and hoped I would not be 
caught. 

I went on my journey a few miles and stopped and tooK 
breakfast, but kept a watch at the door. I then went on a 
few miles. I met about 12 of the British Light Horse. 
V/Lcn I saw lli.in they v.xrc perhaps 1-4 of a mile from me 
and in a slow trot. At first I was not satisfied as to who 
they were, but as I kept on meeting them, and saw that 2 
or 3 of them had on common hats, I came to believe that the 
red coats were British, while the others with common hats 
were pilots. 

When they got to within 150 yards of me, I turned my 
horse; then they started after me in full speed, saying 
"Stop you, Rebel." I was no wise alarmed, but kept to the 
road for about 1-2 a mile, as I thought I could out-go them 
in the woods. I left the road, and they did not follow 
me into the woods far. 

I took the road again, and the first house I came to, I 
enquired of the lady about these men. She told me her 
husband was from home. They had plundered her house ; 
she said "look at the corn house door, and at the com on the 
ground; they made our negroes fling all that corn out to 
let their horses eat what they wanted; they abused us as 
rebels." I told her to make her negroes throw the com into 
the crib again, she said she would, but that they had robbed 
her of many things. 

I went on until I met my country men who were with 
General Lafayette and General Wayne. I was glad to see 
our men, and they were glad to see me and to hear from 
100 






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Colonel Trabue Carries Dispatches 

their families. I delivered the Despatches to General 
Lafayette, and he read the contents, and asked me many 
questions. I applied to him for a permit to be a sutler to 
his army. He said "I will give you one cheerfully." I was 
Determined to empress all the wagons and spirits that did 
not have permits, as every one in the army ought to be in 
subordination to the Commander. General Lafayette had 
one written for me immediately and signed it, and gave 
it to me. 

I went through the Camps looking at the different men 
that were selling spirits. I saw a Dutchman that had just 
come into Camp; he had a line team, and a good load of 
Brandy and Whiskey, also two very large sacks of sweet 
bread. I said to him, "Have you a permit to sell your 
spirits?" He answered "No." I told him I had heard 
the General say he would impress all wagons and spirits 
that had no permit. I told him I had a permit, and I was 
willing to go halves with him in his load. We could count 
up the value at wholesale rates, and I would assist him in 
selling it, and we would divide the overplus. He made me 
no answer, so I staid there with him a while, but soon saw 
that these Yankee soldiers would impose on him. 

After a little while the Adjutant came along and said to 
him "Whose wagons and spirits are these. The Dutchman 
said "It is mine. Sir." The Adjutant said "I impress the 
wagon, and spirits for the use of the army. Do not sell any 
more. Guard! take possession." The man was much 
alarmed, I said in a whisper "Will you agree to my propo- 
sition, I can save you," he said "Yes, yes." I then said to 
the Adjutant "Look at this pennit, you will not take our 
wagon and spirits." He read it, and said "No, we will not 
trouble you," and the officer and Guard turned away. 

The Dutchman said "I am so glad I saw you." We then 
examined the quantity, and fixed the prices in a very few 
minutes. As the other wagons with spirits were all 
impressed we had a great run of custom, and were soon 
sold out, and had made a handsome profit. We made a 
further bargain that we would go and get another load; 
so we started to the country, and when we got out of reach 
101 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

of the army, the Dutchman told me he was afraid to go with 
his wagon into the Camp any more and that he preferred 
taking his wagon home. 

All I could say to him seemed to avail nothing, for he 
said General Lafayette might alter his notion. I then rode 
all around that section of the country, but could not get a 
wagon; all were afraid of impressment. After a few days 
I told General Lafayette how it was that I would go home, 
and meet with him again in a few days. 

He wrote by me to Colonel Good near Richmond. It was 
80 miles. As I went home I heard several times of the 
British not being far off, but I did not see any. I knew it 
was not safe to go back -with a wagon at that time. I went 
home, bought a good team and wagon, and procured plenty 
of brandy and rum. At this time there was great Distress 
in the country. Lord Cornwallis and Colonel Tarleton 
were going wherever they pleased. Several of our Militia 
men were caught, as they were returning from General 
Lafayette's Army, as their time was out. 

Lewis Subblett my Brother-in-law and Mr. D. ^Morrisit, 
and Mr. Thermon were coming home, and as they heard 
there were plenty of British around they were afraid to go 
along the road through the plantations. They thought that 
if they kept to the woods they could see the Enemy, and have 
a chance to escape. But one Day late in the evening they 
concluded they would call at a house, and get something to 
eat, and then they could walk almost all night. So they 
ventured up to the house and there were five red coats in 
the house. They ran out and ordered the three men to 
surrender. 

Morrisit and Thurman surrendered, but Subblett jumped 
the fence, and ran through a field. Some of them jumped 
on their horses, and pursued him. Before they overtook 
him, he was in the woods where the brush was so thick 
they could not find him. The British compelled Mr. Thur- 
man, and Mr. Morrisit to go with them, and hollo-ad for 
Subblett, but he did not hear them. They all staid at this 
house all night, and kept the landlady cooking for them, 
and giving them as much brandy as they could drink. 
102 



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Colonel Trabue Carries Dispatches 

The landlord was hidden out, but he would come home 
in the night; he knew these fellows. He was a resolute 
man, and had guns with him, so he came at Day to a 
window and fired on them. They ran out at the Door and 
thus made their escape, but he fired on them another time. 
Mr. Thurman and Mr. Morrisit ran out of the house, but 
took a difl'ereut route, and before night, fell in with Mr. 
Sublett again. These men all came home together. Cap- 
tain Moseley and another Jvlilitia Captain whose name I 
will not mention, came to our house. 

Brother William and I were at home. They said they 
had come to talk about the times. The other Captain said 
lie now plainly saw that it was out of the question that we 
could succeed in getting our liberty. That he thought we 
ought to urge our men that were at the helm of our Affairs 
to submit to His Gracious Majesty, and also make as good 
a price as we could get. 

William Trabue told him that when the seat of war was 
in the north and that when he, Wm. Trabue, was going 
south, as they marched through the country the people told 
them to be brave, saying the Cause was good, and that some 
Day we would be certain to get our Liberty. And that now 
as the Seat of War was in the South, and near our homes, 
that although we suffer much, our Court House, and our 
Publick Stores burnt and Destroyed, our bullocks taken, 
our fences and fields wasted, still we must not give up a 
righteous cause, for the storm will blow over. 

At this time we did not know what minute we would see 
Col. Tarletan's horse approaching. No one was stirring, 
and we could get no news. The two Captains, and we two 
brothers all had the best of horses, and concluded we would 
set out on our horses and see how the times were. We 
went down on the south side of James River, near Rich- 
mond, and up the Appomattox River to Petersburg, and 
Chesterfield Court House. W'e were travelling two days 
and nights, and then got home. Strange it was that we saw 
so few people, only an old man, or woman, or negro. 

Sometimes we would see a man at a Distance, but when 
we would come closer he would have hidden himself. We 

103 



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were determined if we saw a few of the Enemy we would 
try to take tlicm. The lirst night we met Colonel William 
Smith and three others; they had concluded, as we had, to 
take a few prisoners if it was in their power. It was a Dark 
night and we thought they were British, and they thought 
we were. We ordered them to surrender, and they ordered 
us to do the same; we were all well armed. The guns were 
cocked. I thought I knew Colonel Smith's voice, he lived 
10 miles from us. I called him, then they knew us, and 
we went on together, that night recognoitering. The British 
had gone on the north side of James River, but Lord Corn- 
wallis" and Colonel Tarleton had frightened the people 
almost to Death. 

"Lord Cornwallis had dispatched Colonel Tarleton in January of 1781, 
to capture Governor (later President) Thomas Jefferson, at Charlottes- 
ville. Tiukion reached there on the 4th, but was unsuccessful. — Lossmg, 
II, 5-18, 549- 



104 



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SAMUEL WARE VAX CULIX of Philadki.phia, Pknxa. 

Son of 

John and Sarah Ware Van Culin, husband of Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin 

1«24-1S8T 



CHAPTER XXIII 

With General Lafayette at Richmond 

General Lafayette had augmented his army, and was 
coming towards Lord Cornwallis who was at Richmond. 
Our Militia was called for, and all other counties, also, and 
we all joined Gen. Lafayette. As he neared Richmond, 
Lord Cornwallis left the city in the evening.'' The next 
morning a little after sunrise. General Lafayette marched 
through the town with his army; each man's hat contained 
a green bush. I thought it was the prettiest sight I had ever 
seen. Lord Cornwallis had retreated, and our army 
advanced after them, passing through the city some 3 or 
4 miles and then halted on the river road. 

That Day I had some business on the left hand road that 
goes by Chickahoming''' Bridge. After I had gone 8 or 10 
miles I saw 40 bullocks slaughtered; some skinned and 
cjuartcred, and about 50 more in a bullock pen. There was 
no one to be seen, but an old woman. She said there was a 
large army there about 2 hours ago, but all at once they 
went off in the greatest hurry imaginable, and left their 
beef, but tiiat she did not know the reason. This was now 
about the middle of the day I think in July. I went and 
informed General Lafayette of it. The killed beef was 
sjwilcd, but he got the Bullocks. 

I had my wagon and spirits in camp and sold them at a 
good price, but it was paper money. Our army never 
remained long at one place, but moved douTi the River after 
Lord Cornwallis, and then some times they would move 
uj) the River again. Our army was encamped 8 or 10 
miles below Richmond, on the River, when Captain Stratton 

"Lord Cornwallis evacuated the City of Richmond, June 20, 1781. — 
l.ojsing, II, 550. 

"Chickalioming Bridge was probably in the vicinity of Green Spring 
Pl.intatioM, on the Chickahoming River, a few miles above its confluence 
»uh the James. Here the American Army, under Gens. Lafayette, Wayne 
snd Steuben, were encamped in the summer of 1781. Here they watched 
the movements and foiled the designs of Lord Cornv.'a\Us.—Lossmg, II, 
•l-i?. 446. 

105 



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sailed up to us in the River in a British Vessel, which he 
had taken the night before. This Captain Stratton was a 
sea captain, and had had a vessel but the British had taken 
it; his Aunt was living on the River, and he was with her. 

The vessel stopped and anchored out of sight. Captain 
Stratton Icnew the British Vessels were all below, also Lord 
Cornwallis and his Army. He now Determined to try and 
take the Vessel by some strategem, so he got some of his 
Aunt's negro men, and a few mulattoes and went down to 
the River, and made an old negro haloo to the vessel, and 
ask if they would buy chickens, and sweet potatoes. The 
answer was "Yes." 

Captain Stratton had some guns, but the most of his 
weapons were axes. He got into a small pleasure boat 
where the seats went all around, the men lay concealed 
under the seats while the old negro was on Deck selling his 
chickens and potatoes. All at once Capt. Stratton sprang 
up, the negroes with him, and one shut down the hatchway, 
and the rest ran up with their guns and axes and attacked 
those on Deck; they cried for quarters, and surrendered. 

Captain Stratton and som.e of the negroes were well 
acquainted with the channel of the river, so when the tide 
rose he hoisted sail. . . . When he was ready for 
sailing he took an axe and cut the cable, and off he went up 
the River with the tide, and came to us. He opened the 
hatchway, and found he had 9 or 10 British prisoners, and 
about as many negro men and some other property. 

They had a great many good looking glasses, &c., and 
we supposed they had pillaged them. Capt. Stratton sold 
the negroes, and other property for his owti use, and gave 
som.e little to his Aunt's negroes and the militia. The 
negroes and property were sold in our camp to the highest 
bidders. Capt. Stratton was now in good circumstances 
again. 

Gen. Lafayette still augmented his Army, and pursued 
down the River after Lord Cornwallis. 



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CHAPTER XXIV ,; 

Colonel Edward Trabue at Gates' Defeat 

*"Brother Edward Trabue came home from the Southern 
army, and told us how he was in the battle of Guilford*" 
and that he was at Gates Defeat.*' He was in the Battle, 
and as they all broke and ran some Distance. Their Wag- 
goner jumped off his horse and ran and left it. Brother 
Edward took out the saddle horse, and mounted him, and 
looking back he saw no light horse coming. But the British 
Infantry were close by, so he thought he would try and save 
something out of the wagon. He rode around it, and took 
Colonel Forkner's Porte Mantua and a pair of saddle bags. 

-'The Battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina, was fought 
V<-twcen the American forces under General Nathaniel Greene, and the 
Lnslish under Lord Cornwallis. It occurred March 15, 1781. This battle 
in us effects was highly beneficial to the cause of the Patriots though re- 
sulting in a nominal victory for the British army. Both of the belhg- 
treiits di-plavcd consummate courage and skill. The flight of the North 
C.irolinians from a very strong position is the only reproach which either 
army deserved. It doubtless caused the loss of victory to the Americans. 
Mirihill justly observes that "no battle in the course of the war reflects 
rwrc honor on the courage of the British troops than that of Guilford. 
f,<-ncr;d Greene had a much superior force, and was very advantageously 
J '•<",<-.!. The number of Americans engaged in the action was quite 
c'f.u! Ic th.-it of the British. The battle lasted almost two hours, and many 
\Tivt men fell upon that field of carnage. The British claimed the vic- 
f.vry; it w.i? victory at a fearful cost and small advantage. They lost, in 
l-.!!!c'! .ind wounded, over 600 men. beside officers. The Americans lost, 
in killed and wounded, about 300 of the Continentals, and 100 of the Vir- 
pmia .Mibtia. Fox said, "another such victory will ruin the British army." 
In v-.me r'.ftrree the line of the Scotch ballad might be applied to the com- 
lat.ints: "They baith did fight, they baith did beat, and baith did rin awa." 
Vide Lnssin^, II, pp. 405, 406. 

"Gti;cr.-d Horatio Gates was a native of England. He was an officer 
urdcr General Braddock when the latter was defeated. He was a resident 
cf Virginia in 1775, when appointed adjutant general at the organization 
f'i the Continental Army. He accompanied Washington to Cambridge, in 
July, 1775, and in June, 1776, the chief command of the Northern Army 
was conferred upon him, and he was promoted to be Major General. He 
waf President of the Board of War. Gen. Gates was given command of 
the Southern forces, and was defeated by the British at Camden, retreat- 
ing to Charlotte. After the war he lived for a time in Virginia, later 
removing to New York. He served as a member of the Legislature of 
Nfw York State. He died in New York City, April 10, 1806, aged seventy- 
tiRbt vear?.— £,pjj,He_ H, p. 46^. 

•This is the testimony of Col. Daniel Trabue that admits the female 
'!<-«cendants of Edward Trabue to the "Daughters of the American Revo- 

107 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

The British had now gotten close to him, and ordered him 
to stoj:), but he asked no favors now that he was on a horse. 

Col. Forkner has frequently told me of the Exploit of 
Edward Trabue in saving his things for him." Brother 
Edward agreed to go with me to sell my spirits; we went 
on now very well selling my spirits. One of the times when 
we had sold out we went down on the Rappahannock to 
get salt. It was very scarce with us, but we bought a load 
from a widow whose name was jSIrs. Hackberry. She was 
rich and had a number of negroes. She made money fast 
by boiling salt water from the River, as it was near the bay, 
and was tolerable salt. 

There was a great quantity of sheep in this section of the 
country. I enquired if any one had wool to sell. Mrs. 
Hackberry told me that a IMr. Morgan, who lived two miles 
below had plenty. I went to his house; he lived on the 
point between the Rappahannock and Plankatank 
Rivers;*- each of these Rivers is about 3 miles wide. Mr. 
Morgan was looking through a spy-glass at a British Vessel 
coming up. He said "now we will be plundered of our 
sheep!" The vessel sailed very fast. I was going back, 
and I went in a gallop, but it outwent me. 

I had a clear view of them all the way; they landed 
some of their men at Bush Point; my road went near them, 
and they hallooed to me to stop, but I knew they could not 
catch me, when I was on a good horse. 

After I had passed them they fired their cannon. I do 
not know whether they fired at me or not, but when I came 
to Mrs. Hackberry's she ran out, and enquired what cannon 
it was. I told her the British were at Bush Point landing 
their men, this was about half a mile away. I told Brother 
Edward and the Driver to start instantly and they Did 
start in 4 or 5 minutes. 

The lady said she was ruined, sometimes she was on her 
knees praying, and then they would run to us and say 
"What shall we Do?" I endeavored to comfort her by 
saying they would not hurt her as she was a widow. She 
requested us to take her Daughter, she was a beautiful 

"Two rivers of Eastern Virginia. 






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Col. Edward Trabue at Gates' Defeat 

young lady. I told her we could not take her. She was 
scared out of her senses, but we had no more time for chat- 
ting. The Road was Dry and good and level so the wagon 
went in a gallop. I rode behind to watch, for I did not 
know but by chance they might have light horse that I did 
not see, or that they might take Mrs. Hackberry's horses, 
so we kept in a gallop for several miles. Brother Edward 
and the man blamed me very much for not bringing off the 
young lady.*' 

We took our salt home and then Returned to the army 
with another load of spirits. At this time all of our Militia 
were called for to go and help take Lord Cornwallis. Count 
De Grasse,** the commander of the French Fleete had 
blocked up Lord Cornwallis, and he was at Yorktown forti- 
fying himself there. Lord Cornwallis had many thousands 
of negro men, and Torries working at his fortifications; 
while he and his Veterans were contending with General 
Lafayette for every inch of ground. Cornwallis was at old 
Williamsburg,®^ 12 miles from Yorktown. New Regiments 
and Brigades were joining Gen. Lafayette every Day. I 
was called on also, and although my permit as a Sutler 
would clear me, yet I chose to hire a substitute, and Did so. 

Brother William was a Brigadier Major in these last 
troops that came from our county. We now began to think 
that Lord Cornwallis would be taken sure enough. General 
Lafayette was advancing on Cornwallis and they met at 
old Fields called old James Town.*" Near Williamsburg 
they had a severe engagement, the cannon roared Dread- 
fully on both sides and the Infantry was much engaged. 
General Lafayette kept the field. I was in sight of this 

"We surely would like to add our enconiums to "Brother Edward and 
the man" for their gallantry! — The Editor. 

"The Count De Grasse, with 28 ships and several brigades, arrived in 
the Chesapeake Bay, August .31, 1781. He dispatched four ships of the 
line and several frigates to blockade the mouth of the York River, and to 
convey the land forces commanded by the Marquis De St. Simon, who 
joined those of General Lafayette and prevented Lord CornwaUis from 
escaping into North CaToUm.— tossing, II, 511. 

"Lord Cornwallis had reached Williamsburg, June 25, 1781. — Lossing, 
II. 43- 

"The engagement at old James Town occurred July 6, 1781. — Lossing, 
II, 466 and 468. 

109 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

battle looking at them; but was not engaged in it, neither 
were half the men we had, in it. 

Lord Cornwallis left the old Town and went to Williams- 
burg and down the River. Gen. Lafayette marched our 
army through the Town, and encamped in the old Field 
below Williamsburg. The French Infantry joined us, and 
I was glad, as they Brought silver and French crowns, and 
I got many of them. They also brought gold, and we got 
a good share of that too. We would sell out our spirits in 
a few days. We could not get any nearer than Petersburg, 
which was 60 miles away; but as it was a good level road, 
and we had the empty wagon we could go upwards of 50 
miles in a Day. 

We had good horses, and took good care of them, and a 
Negro Driver who was a good hostler. General Lafayette 
allowed me a Guard of a Sargeant and 12 men, and I got 
the Adjutant that ordered them out to let me choose them. 
The Adjutant was my particular friend, and I had good 
rum to treat him with; the men, too, were all very anxious 
to come to guard us, as they all got something to drink free 
of cost, and they were of assistance to us many times in 
selling and fixing our camp. 

There was now a great difference in seeing plenty of 
people stirring about, and at their homes, for when Lord 
Cornwallis and Col. Tarleton were roving about one would 
scarcely see any one at all. Now we would see old men and 
women, boys, girls and negroes; and they would run to us 
for the news, and would send letters and coffee, chockolate 
or clothing to the men in the Camp. They would Enquire 
"Do you think Lord Cornwallis will be taken?" and we 
would say "O yes. Gen. Lafayette's army increases every 
Day; he is advancing nearer Lord Cornwallis, and Corn- 
wallis contends for every inch of the ground, and they often 
have skirmishes." 

"General W^ashington is come to camp with Troops from 
New York, and they have brought a number of yokes of 
oxen to haul their Wagons, the largest I have ever seen." 
A great many of our men were ordered out "on fatigue." 
That is they would saw planks for the batteries. 
110 



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MRS. ELIZABETH DU PUY TRABUE VAN CULIN, 

DauRhter of 

George Washington Trabue and Elizabeth Hiiford Chambers Trabue 

1S35-UI09 



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CHAPTER XXV 

Colonel Daniel Trabue's Description of the Siege 

or YORKTOWN 

Lord Cornwallis, Col. Tarleton and the Tories, and the 
Negroes were all gone into their fortifications; but tliey 
kept possession of some of their Redouts on Pigeon Hill for 
a day or two. A number of our men were in the woods 
hauling planks, and cannon and morters from James river 
to Yorktown, which was seven miles. The Frenchmen 
hauled one very large one, and then they tied horses two 
a breast to them, but finally the men themselves would 
pull them. 

Sometimes the officers would call at my tent. I had a 
good horse and would often go around to see all that was 
going on, and Brother Edward Trabue and I had many 
chances to see it all. He would stay if we thought the 
Officers would call to get a Dram, then they would give us 
all the news. One afternoon there came wagons loaded 
with spades laid out in piles, and there were other tools, too. 

It was a sight to see a plain old field, with men in it 
working with these spades making a ditch. Then throwing 
the dirt in front. The Ditch would be about 10 feet wide I 
mean on the South side of the River where the Fort was. 
This Fort was on the bank of the River; and on the other 
side it is called Gloucester Point.^^ I understood they had 
a Ditch dug on their side the same night, and when morning 
came it was a grand sight indeed. The Ditch was nearly 
half a mile from the Fort, and the two ends ran into the 
River.*® It was nearly 2 1-2 miles long, and about every 25 
yards they made a Battery for cannon or a morter to fling 
bombs. And men could walk around in it and could not be 
seen by the Enemy. 

"Gloucester Point, opposite Yorktown. 

"^he line of intrenchments cast up by the British on the south and 
easterly sides of the town extend in irregular lines from the river to the 
sloping grounds in the rear of the village, toward the "Pigeon Quarter." — 
Loistng, II, 5og. 

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The Journal or Colonel Daniel Trabue 

When our men were working at these Batteries the Enemy 
fired on them heavily. They kept a man on the watch, and 
when tliey saw a match going to their Cannon our men 
would fall down in the Ditch, and you could hear the Ball 
go by. Sometimes it would skip along on the ground, and 
bury the men in the Ditch, but in general they would not 
be hurt. I was often in these Ditches when they were 
working at their Batteries. 

I was there one morning about 10 o'clock and our can- 
nons began to roar. Some of the morters were throwing 
their bomb shells, and they would go in a blaze, then turn 
a sommersault and fall down in the Fort. The report was 
as loud when it struck the ground as when it came out ; the 
i same also, when it bursted, the bombs flying in a circle. 

j What rejoicing there was with our men and the Batteries 

i that v.-ere ready to begin, and before night the most of the 

i morters and small cannon were firing. I think that night 

\- they were going every minute and sometimes 10 or 15 at 

[ the same time. 

The shells were made of pot metal like a jug 1-2 inch 

thick, without a handle, & with a big mouth. They were 

filled with powder, and other combustibles in such a manner 

that the blaze came out of the mouth, and keeps on burning 

until it gets to the body where the powder is, then it bursts 

! and the pieces fly every way, and wound & kill whoever it 

hits. There were so many flying and falling in the Fort 

I , that we had no Doubt but that we were paying them well 

I for their mischief to us. 

j Brother William was taken sick and went home. Brother 

I Edward and I were busy selling our spirits. . . One 

i morning Mr. Merryman, an officer in the Staff came to see 

me and said that they were to fire a big and mighty cannon 
I at 10 o'clock on the bank of the River below the Fort, and 

I that we should go down and see it. We got on our horses. 

j ... and got to the place, and it was a sight. . . . 

A number of officers and soldiers were there, I suppose 
I 2 or 3 hundred besides spectators. There we saw a vast 

i number of Drowned horses, I think over a thousand. The 

I enemy had drowned them when the tide was down. We 

112 



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Description of the Siege of Yorktown 



all thought it a sin and shame. Before they fired they 
would put wool in their ears, so INIr. Merryman & I would 
do the same. They fired on the Fort, and we could see the 
ball hit and it did make an abundance of timber fly. 

The earth shook dreadfully where we stood. I wanted to 
go, but Mr. Merryman said "let us see another shot fired," 
and we saw the timber and dirt fly Dreadfully. It looked 
as though they would soon beat Down the wall at that place. 
All at once we saw a boat with a white flag from the Fort 
coming Down the River to us. 

The Flag was received by the officer of this place. The 
officer that brought the flag said he had a letter for General 
Washington. The officer that commanded sent him with 
one of our officers to Headquarters. This was a mile away, 
and about the center of our Line. As quick as they were 
gone the cannon fixed again, and continued to beat Down 
the Wall. The conclusion among us all was that Lord 
Cornwallis was about to surrender. 

We started back and went through the Field as the Enemy 
had stopped firing. We went a little back of our Ditch and 
there we saw another sight. The Old Field was all torn 
up with balls from the enemy's cannon; it looked as though 
large bar sheer ploughs had been running there, only they 
would skip in places. When we got to our Wagon & tent 
we told about the Flag. 

They all said they expected it, as they did not see how 
the Enemy could stand so much fire, as we had given them. 
About this time the Flag had reached Gen'l Washington, 
and m a very few minutes the fire ceased near headquarters, 
and contmued to cease along the line each way. As quick 
as it could go over the River, by orders, it ceased there also; 
so m about an hour all was still and calm, and the storm 
was over. A great many hands make light work. 



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CHAPTER XXVI 

Lord Cornwallis Surrenders to General Wash- 
ington 

General Washington and Lord Cornwallis sent several 
Despatches to each other before they concluded finally on 
the Capitulation. I think it was the second Day they 
finished the matter and agreed on a certain Day®° they 
would march out, and ground their arms. The Day agreed 
on, was, I think two days hence. The news went far and 
near, and a vast number of people from Different towns 
and the country came forward to see the great and mighty 
sight. 

The British had a very large gate in the South side of their 
fort, and on that side was a level old field. Our army was 
placed in a solid square column about half a mile or more 
around the fort gate ; it was a great sight. Part of our line 
was Continental Troops, part was Militia, and part was 
French. 

On the out-side of this column of soldiery was a vast 
number of spectators, mostly in carriages such as chariots, 
Fayatons, chairs, and gigs, also some common wagons. The 
carriages were full of gentlemen, ladies and children, 
besides a number on horse-back, and some on foot. Some 
had come as far as the city of Richmond, which was 
upwards of 70 miles. There were many thousands of these 
spectators. 

General Washington and some of the officers with their 
aids were about the center of this vast column, immediately 
before the gate, and about 1-2 or 3-4 of a mile Distant. 
About the middle of the Day the big gate opened, and the 
red Coats marched out by Platoons in a solid column with 
some of their Officers. Our Officers, soldiers and spec- 

*The siege of Yorktown lasted from September 28th to October 19. 
1781. — Heitman, II, 375. 

114 



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YORKTOWN. VA., MONUMENT 
Erected by the American Congress to commemorate the final 
victory of this great war for independence. The shaft bears a statue 
of Liberty. On the base are the emblems of the alliance between 
the United States and France and thirteen female figures repre- 
senting the thirteen original states. 



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CORNWALLIS SURllEXDERS TO WASHINGTON 

tators said "Did you ever see the like," and many words 
were spoken but not loud. 

It was the most Tremendous and most admirable Sight 
that I ever saw. The countenances of our Officers, and sol- 
diers all seemed to claim some credit for the great prize; and 
the countenances of the spectators seemed to say, also, that 
they deserved credit. It was truly a wonderful sight to see 
so many British coming out in their red coats to ground their 
arms. They marched straight up to General Washington, 
and gave up their swords and ground their arms or stacked 
them, and then returned to the Fort. They were to be here- 
after taken to Winchester. 

Our officers and soldiers mostly went to their tents while 
a few advanced near the Fort to guard the Prisoners. That 
pipht I noticed that the officers and soldiers could scarcely 
talk for laughing, and they could scarcely walk for jumping 
and Dancing and singing as they went about. There was a 
Colonel Smith from our County who was on parole. He 
said to his country men, "Boys, retaliate, remember Sut- 
bery's Old Field, these are the very men that plundered our 
men, and used them so badly, plunder them; but do not be 
caught at it, as your Officers would not sanction it." And 
there was a number of them plundered sure enough. 

The Continental Officers and soldiers guarded the Gates 
of the Fort, and none of the militia were allowed to go in 
the Fort; one reason was the small-pox was bad there. I 
had a relative who was a Continental Officer. He was 
Lieutenant John Trabue; the very next day I went with 
him all over the Fort. It seemed to be nearly one mile in 
length by 1-4 mile in width. It was truly a Dreadfully 
shocking sight to see the damage our bomb-shells had Done. 

When a shell fell on the ground it would sink under the 
ground so Deep that when it burst it would throw up a 
wagon load, or even more of Dirt; and when it fell on a 
house it Tore it to pieces. The British had a number of 
holes and Pits Dug all over the Fort, some large and some 
small with timber in the top edge; when the soldiers would 
see a shell coming near them they could jump in one of the 
pits and squat Down until it had burst. 
115 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

They had some large holes under ground where Lord 
Cornwallis, and some of the nobles staid. They called them 
bomb-proof, but with all their caution a vast number of 
them were killed.* 

I have been told by some of the soldiers since, that there 
was always some one on the watch. They could see a shell 
coming, and at times there was Dreadful scampering, and 
sometimes they would come so often, they were much beset. 
Mr. Jacob Phillip told me a while before they surrendered 
they lost 40 men every hour. They threw a number of their 
arms and cannon in the Deep water. 

When a shell would fall on any hard place, so that it 
would not go under the ground, a soldier would go to it and 
knock off the fiz, or neck, and then it would not burst. The 
soldier then received a shilling for that act. They said 
they did not care much about their life, but that the shilling 
would buy spirits! There were a number of negroes in 
the Fort engaged in filling up these holes in the ground, and 
making all things look as smooth as possible. 

The British Officers and Tories looked much dejected, 
and they had sad countenances, as I saw them passing I 
hardly heard them say a word. I thought the English sol- 
diers, and Hessians Did not seem to Care much about it. 
Everything in the Fort looked gloomy and sad. Lord Corn- 
wallis and his other Officers looked not only sad, but 
ashamed. They had lived under the ground like ground 
Hogs.f The negroes looked condemned, for the British 
had promised them their freedom, but instead of freedom 
they made them haul wagons, by hand, with timber to build 
their works, and made them work very hard with spades. 

I left their Fort and went to our army, and what a Great 
Contrast our men presented. They were pert and lively, 
and still rejoicing. We sold our spirits very fast; the 
British, and French had plenty of hard money. A little 
before day Brother Edward and I, with our wagon started 
to go to Williamsburgh. We took some of our guard with 

_ *These caves may still be seen, and, indeed, are most interesting. I 
visited Yorktown and saw them. — Editor. 
tAnother reference to these caves. 
116 



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CoRNWALLis Surrenders to Washington 

us; as we had twelve miles to go we went along at a good 
trot, and got there one hour of the sun. 

I called on a rich merchant, to get some things. . . . 
and paid him in good gold, it came near to $400. . . . 
I got back to our tent by the middle of the day. . . . 
By night we sold up to $200 in good money. We loaned 
money to a number of our acquaintances who needed it to 
buy shoes, and other necessary articles. The British 
soldiers had clothing and blankets to spare, and sold them 
to our men very low. 

The next morning preparations were made to start off 
with our prisoners to Winchester, Va. All our soldiers, and 
the French were not needed to go with the prisoners, so only 
a part of the Militia went with them. A number of back- 
woods Riflemen wanted to sell their guns; one young man 
applied to luc and said "I live in Rockbridge County, am 
sick, and want to go home, I will sell my gun for 20s."* 
I saw tears in his eyes so gave him $10.00 for it. . . . 
After I got home I sold it for $15.00. . . . 

This morning we started off with the prisoners. I was 
told that when all were together at Yorktown, namely the 
French Fleet, the French Infantry and spectators and 
Tories, they exceeded 1,000,000 souls. . . . We went 
12 miles and got to Williamsburgh, and encamped near the 
town on the east. The British encamped near a small 
stream; their tents were near each other, so our men 
encamped all around them. Their sentries were about 50 
yards Distant. 

The British General, and Field Officers were mounted, 
but the subalterns and soldiers were afoot. They had bag- 
gage wagons to carry their baggage; the officers still wore 
their swords, and went about as they pleased. Our wagon 
and tent were on the big road within 200 yards of the town. 

The next morning a Mr. Day came to our tent and said 
he was steward to Sir Paton Skipeth, and that the horse 
that Colonel Tarletan was riding belonged to his master; 
that moreover the horse was worth 500 pounds, and he had 
come all the way from Dan River determined to get it. Mr. 

^This was about $4.00. 

117 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

Day went into a marshy place, nearby and cut him a sweet 
gum stick as thick as a man's wrist. It was not long before 
the mighty Colonel Tarletan with his servant came riding 
along in high style. 

Mr. Day was in the road and said "Good morning 
Colonel Tarletan, this is my horse, Dismount;" holding the 
horse, he Drew his cudgel as if to strike. Colonel Tarletan 
jumped off quicker than ever I saw a man in my life. 
. . . Mr. Day went off in a very long trot through 
Williamsburgh. 

Col. Tarletan went on to the Tavern, about 100 yards 
distant, took his servant's horse, and went back to head- 
quarters. Oh ! how we did laugh to think how the mighty 
man that had caused so much terror, and alarm in Virginia, 
had been made to jump off the wrong side of his horse so 
quicU,)-, \\iih nothing but a sweet gum stick and a chunky 
little man against him, while he, who was a tall, large, 
likely man had a fine sword by his side ! 

As we passed through the Town, after breakfast about 8 
o'clock, we saw the windows and doors full of people, and 
often heard the remark "the British Officers do not look as 
saucy as they did." Even the Ladies remarked, as they 
waited along the roadside to see Lord Cornwallis, and Col. 
Tarletan, with their soldiers pass by, "Before, we ran off 
and hid from you, but now we are thankful to see you in the 
condition you are in!" 

When we reached home we found we had gained that 
summer and part of the Fall $1000.00 in specie, 163,000 
pounds in paper money, one Wagon, one Cart, several 
watches, and 7 valuable horses. We valued the paper 
money at about ?550; the horses, wagon and cart at about 
$600. We would have made more, had not the paper money 
depreciated so fast that summer and Fall. In June it was 
600 for one, but in October 1000 for one. Our men went 
home, and soon all was at peace. 

The ensuing winter there were more weddings, feastings 
and frolics than I had ever seen before. Tlie people would 
be together, and how they would tell of their troubles and 
trials. How they had hid out in the swamps, and how some 

118 



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CoRNWALLis' Surrender to Washington 

had been alarmed in the night. What scampering they 
liad had, with the women and children. The soldiers told 
of their battles and escapes. How the British had starved 
some of the prisoners to death because they would not 
enlist with his Good and Gracious INIajesty. Upon the 
whole there was a general Rejoicing among our people, that 
we had taken Lord Cornwallis and Colonel Tarletan. . 



.nhla ';ri; 






CHAPTER XXVII 

Colonel Daniel Trabue's Marriage and Return to 
Kentucky 

I was married July 4th, 1782, to Mary Haskins, Daugh- 
ter of Colonel Robert Haskins of Chesterfield County, and 
on that Day while at Col. Haskins' House, which was 24 
miles from Richmond, we heard them celebrating the day 
by firing of cannon. We had a little son born June 3 0th, 
1 783 whom we named Robert. Early in the spring of 1 785 
we concluded to move to Kentucky. About the last of 
March Brother James Trabue and I, with a negro man and 
a few Virginians, set out to come through the wilderness. 

A^/I^or, .,:- -c-.-'icd tl:: ri-o.iLicr we heard that the Indians 
were very troublesome. But few people were using the 
wilderness road, so the old Virginians turned back home. 
My Brother and I, and the negro went on to Powell's Valley, 
and Tarryed several Days waiting for company. Captain 
Thomas Gert from Kentucky, IMr. Bramlett from Bedford 
County, Va., a Frenchman and one more concluded to join 
us, so we set out and traveled over the most dangerous 
places in the night. 

We got to Cumberland Gap about dark expecting by 
Daylight to reach the big Lake, which is about 20 miles 
away. We thought we would then take to the woods, or that 
even if we kept the Trail, we would not be in so much 
danger, after we had passed the big Lake. But on account 
of bad mud holes, slippery banks, cane brakes, and some 
logs across the road, darkness overtook us much sooner than 
we wished, and we could not leave the Trail in that section 
of the country. We went on briskly, and bravely until we 
got past the big lick where the Indian War road leaves the 
Kentucky road. 

We stopped and fed our horses on the grass, ate our 
supper, and went on again. That evening we met a large 
company of about a hundred men from Kentucky, who told 
us there were plenty of signs of Indians ahead. We thought 

120 



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THE _NATIR\L BRIDGL 



Rockbridge County, Va., ranks among the wonders of the world 
It is a single block of limestone. It spans a deep ravine through 
which flows the picturesque Cedar Creek. Its height is 21o feet, 
width 80 feet, and span about 60 feet. 

(Reproduced by courtesy of Raphael Tuck & Sons, Ltd., 
London-New York) 






-jtiboiKi'^A] 



Colonel Daniel Trabue's Marriage 

that the Indians -would try to surprise either us, or the 
larger company that night. We let our fire go out, and one 
of us kept awake, but Bro. James and I concluded we were 
now out of danger, but it was best to look sharp. 

Brother James or I generally went a little ahead. I was 
now in advance, when suddenly, I saw an Indian ahead 100 
yards, by a tree, behind which he dodged. As we passed, 
he then ran off apparently scared. Mr. Bramblett said "Let 
us take after him and kill him," but James Trabue said 
"He is not there by himself. Indians do not go to War 
300 miles unless they are prepared for it. Furthermore if 
we stay here another minute we will see plenty of them." 
"What shall we do?" said Capt. Gert who was an old Indian 
fighter. "Dart off into the woods with all our might" said 
James Trabue, which we did, James going ahead. 

We kept to the woods nearly all day, and saw plenty of 
signs showing that a large quantity of Indians were in that 
section of the country; we felt very wild and skittish. 

. . . We thought it was probable that we might come 
across some straggling parties of Indians hunting, and we 
concluded to kill them if we could. . . . Just before 
night we came to the road near Rockcastle; we kept to the 
road, and had to go up Scrags' Creek, crossing it many 
times. 

Darkness overtook us, and as it was cloudy it seemed to 
me the darkest night I ever saw. As we all thought that 
we were in immediate danger, we concluded to travel during 
the night, and to keep on to a station at Crab Orchard.*" 
As we went on the Frenchman's horse fell with him several 
feet down an embankment. We were a long time trying 
to get him out, and finally were compelled to make a light 
to do so. We now concluded to stop, and turn our horses 
out, but hoppled them. Some of us kept awake while 
others slept. 

I for one did not sleep any, as the horses were alarmed 

•"Crab Orchard is in Lincoln County, Kentucky, twelve miles north 
of Lancaster and ten from Stanford, on the old pioneer road to Cumber- 
land Gap.-^Collins, 11, i8. "We came to the grove of wild apple trees so 
lovingly spoken of by emigrants as the Crab Orchard, and where formerly 
they had delighted to linger." — The Crossing, Winston Churchill, p. 103. 
121 









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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

at something that we apprehended was Indians. I waked 
up the men, and told them it was not so dark as it had 
been, and since the horses were alarmed at something we 
had best start. To this they all consented. We reached 
Crab Orchard about 9 o'clock in the morning; ordered 
breakfast and our horses fed. I went into the house almost 
asleep; laid by my saddle bags and gun and went to bed. 
That afternoon Bro. James, and I, and my negro, went to 
Gilbert's Creek, where G. S. Smith lived, and from there 
to Woodford, where I intended to live. 

My brother James went back to Virginia and left me. I 
made some arrangements for the reception of my family, 
and in July set out for home again. When we went 
through the Wilderness this time, we had one hundred 
men in the company, and they voted me as their Captain. 
We kept our strong sentries each night, and getting through 
the wilderness safely and well, I soon got back to Chester- 
field to my family, and made arrangements to move to 
Kentucky by way of Fort Pitt."^ 

I had sold my land and mill to Colonel Fleming, for 
which he was to pay me a goodly sum of money, but failed 
in the pa}Tnent of it. His credit wath the merchants of 
Richmond was good, so I took up the most of it in mer- 
chandise, as I got the goods at wholesale prices, I thought 
I could trade the goods to advantage in Kentucky. This 
was in August, 1785, and all of a sudden I got convicted 
of my sins, and got as I thought, a pardon for them. 

I will now relate my experience. My parents were very 
moral people, and were members of the Episcopal Church, 
which was the established church of England. It was also 
the established church of Virginia. The 7th Day of 
December 1770, William Webber and Joseph Anthony, 
two Baptist preachers in the neighborhood, in our County 
Chesterfield, were taken up, and put in jail by Col. Carey, 
as disturbers of the Peace. They were held in contempt 
by most of the people. One evening in the Winter Uncle 

"Many immigrants to Kentucky went overland by way of the Cum- 
berland Gap; others went from Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh) down the Ohio 
River. 



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Colonel Daniel Trabue's Marriage 

John Du Puy, John Waller, and ISIr. Waffer came to my 
Father's and told him that 'Mr. Waller was a Baptist 
preacher, and that they were going to jail to visit the prison- 
ers Webber and Anthony. 

Uncle John Du Puy said he expected that the family 
and neighbors would be glad to hear the Baptists preach, 
and that they might be notified of it. As they came by the 
school-house Uncle told the children to tell their families 
of it. Father told Uncle that he would not suffer him to 
preach in his house. He did not have a favorable opinion 
of the Anno Baptists as they were called in that day. 'My 
Father said that he believed these people were false teach- 
ers, and that we ought not to be "drawn about with every 
wind of doctrine." At this time we had a good establish- 
ment, and a good Parson, and all was at peace, 



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. .-i ;; .. CHAPTER XXVIII - ■,. 

An Account of the Conversion to the Baptist 
Faith, of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

A number of people hearing of this meeting came to our 
house insisting that Father let Mr. Waller preach, so that 
they might hear hira, and "proving all things, hold fast to 
that which was good." Father refused saying he would 
not give offence to Colonel Carey, and the church. Uncle 
John Du Puy then said "Let him sing and pray, and give 
his views on the Scriptures sitting in his chair, but he must 
not stand up, and take a text and preach." To this Mr. 
Walker agreed, and he and ^Ir. Waffer sang several h>Tnns 
and I'samis, kneeled down and prayed very earnestly that 
God would be with them, and direct them aright. 

He then read the 3rd chapter of John throughout, gave 
his views on the chapter, and dwelt some time on the new 
Birth insisting we were all sinners, and if we were not 
born again, we could not enter the kingdom of Heaven. 
He also dwelt some time upon the subject of the "wind 
blowing where it listeth, so that you could not tell from 
whence it came or whither it goeth;" so he said was the 
Power of the Lord. 

He also told us that the Gospel of Christ would be perse- 
cuted, and before he was through I got to believe he was 
one of Christ's Ministers, and was preaching the true Doc- 
trine. I was nearly eleven years old, I imm.ediately betook 
myself to praying to God to direct me. Uncle John Du 
Puy was soon baptized, and preachers from afar often 
came by our house on the way to prison, and often preached 
at our house. 

My Mother, Sister Magdelen, Sister Jane, and after 
while Brother John, all professed religion, and were bap- 
tized. 

The Baptist preachers from the North, South and West, 
all came to visit the prisoners, and would preach in the 
country as they would pass and re-pass. When Col. Carey 
124 



HF/XZ >i,nT'IAHl 












■qrd -lov; bfT/; ,/r;>jyi':.T h^^ 



Conversion of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

heard of it, he would send the sheriff with a warrant, and 
put tl:cni in jail, unless they could give security not to 
preach in the country for one year. He had 7 preachers in 
the jail at one time. 

These preachers would preach in the prison so loud that 
they could be heard, and great congregations flocked to hear 
them. Numbers of the people got convicted and converted. 
Col. Carey, since he was the leading man in the county, 
had a brick wall built around the prison, but the preachers 
still preached so loud, that they could be heard by the 
people outside. After while so many were converted, that 
they got a majority of the Court to give them bonds. 

Then they preached so much, and so many people ad- 
ministered to their necessities in money and provisions, that 
they were all turned out, and allowed to go home. Perse- 
cuting these people was a real benefit to their cause, as the 
people thought it was for righteousness sake that they were 
persecuted. I was very much convicted for three or four 
years, and prayed and read the Scriptures and other good 
books. 

I was fond of reading "Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress." 
I heard a great many precious sermons preached, but I 
found no comfort for my poor soul, so that at length I got 
callus and hardened, gave up praying, and put off religion 
for the time. When I was 1 7 years old I was taken sick 
with a severe fever. I was dangerously ill, in a dreadful 
rack of misery and had Dreadful Dreams, and awful Ap- 
prehensions. The horror I felt was great. I was afraid 
of Judgment, but when my friends spoke to me of these 
things, I told them I was too sick, and my misery too great, 
to think about Religion or prepare for Death. 

I prayed to God to spare my life at this time and prom- 
ised if He would raise me up again, I would serve Him 
my life out, and never do as I had done. I did think I 
would perform my vows, but when I recovered my health, 
I went out into the .A.rmy and soon neglected to pray. I 
became a Deist, and would frolic, and carouse, dance and 
at times swear. Sometimes my conscience checked me; but 



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The J0URN.4L of Colonel Daniel Tr.^ 



after a wliile I got hardened, so that I could laugh, and 
make Derision of the Religious People. My Father died a 
Believer in Jesus, a little before I went into the Army. My 
mother and uncles did not know how bad I was. 

In August 17S5 Uncle James Dupuy told me that at a 
meeting held last night the power of the Lord was with the 
people; he said he was in hopes they would have a revival 
of religion. I thought but little about it. I went to the 
City of Richmond 15 miles from my Mother's, and was at 
Richmond 2 or 3 days fixing my business to start to Ken- 
tucky. In the evening as I was going home I was thinking 
and further planning my business, thinking my affairs were 
so arranged that I ,was doing very well I would now move 
my family to Kentucky. 

This was about sun-set Thursday night, and all of a 
sudden these words came into my mind. "Thou fool, this 
night thy soul shall be required of thee." It almost seemed 
to me I heard a voice. I was by myself and looked around 
to see if I could see anything. I could not tell exactly how 
the words came, but I thought I would go immediately to 
Judgment. I thought of trying to pray, the next thought 
was who to pray to, to that God I had promised when sick 
if he would raise me from my sick bed I would serve him 
the rest of my Days. 

I immediately thought of my vows being broken and of 
my wicked Doings, and in particular in laughing at pro- 
fessors of Jesus Christ, and saying there was nothing in 
religion. These words came to my mind, "I will laugh at 
your calamity, and mock when your fear cometh." I trem- 
bled. I was much alarmed and' said to mvself "what shall 
I do," 

I felt condemned and did not know what to do. 

I went home and went to bed. My wife enquired of me 
what was the matter, I told her I was not well. She asked 
me what made me tremble. I told her of my case. I slept 
none. When morning came I got up and went to the woods, 
and thought of praying, but Did not know what to pray 
for. I thought it would be presumption to ask God to have 
mercy on me. I went home just as I was. My mother told 

126 



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COXN'ERSION OF COLONEL DaNIEL TrABUE 



me that my cousin Ben Watkins was to preach there that 
night. 

He Did come and preach, and he, in his preaching con- 
demned me; he was a great preacher. I told him my con- 
dition and "what a rebel I had been, and Did now think 
the Day of Grace was past, and there was no mercy for 
me." He told me to "try to submit to Sovereign Grace; 
that Jesus came to save the lost and helpless." I asked 
him to pray for me. He said he would. I really thought 
I had acted so foolish and so wicked it was a wonder that 
the Almighty had borne with me so long. 

On Monday I was with one of my neighbors, a religious 
man. He told me what to do; he said I must pray God 
to shew me mercy. I must pray often, and very much, and 
there w?? vn doubt hut T would obtain mercy. He said 
"he that seeketh frndeth, knock and it shall be opened unto 
you." He said there was no Danger, if I would persevere, 
I would find forgiveness. 

I felt very much encouraged and concluded I would 
make the tryal. I went away in the woods to a private 
place. . . It seemed to me that God was angry with 
me, and would condemn me. I thought I was already con- 
demned and I could see no way for my escape. I thought 
it was just that I should be condemned. I went to bed and 
slept but little. 

These words came into my mind, "stand still and see the 
salvation of God." The words came with power, and in 
my imagination I saw the great Salvation of Jesus Christ 
to save a lost world. I fancied I saw it in streams, oceans 
of love and mercy; it is impossible to Describe; it was 
unspeakable and full of Gladness. I was so Delighted to 
view this great and mighty sight I thought it was no wonder 
that saints. Angels, and all the Heavenly Hosts praised 
Him, worshiped and adored Him. 

That He was King of Kings and Lord of Lords; he was 
Alpha and Omega the Beginning and the End, the First 
and Last." I stood awhile in the field, and moved on 
towards the woods. Ever>'thing I saw like the field, the 
herbage, and Trees looked to me more beautiful than I had 
127 



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^^■31 r ha.-i re i^ti-i^ii 



The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

ever, beheld them; they all seem to be "adding glory and 
• praise to the Lamb of God, Who wrought out this great 
and mighty salvation." . . . 

. I went to my Mother's and told my brothers and sisters 
of this great salvation, and also to my wife's father, and 
told him the same; and many of each family soon professed 
to have religion. In a few Days I was baptized by the 
Rev. G. M. Smith, and more than 20 others were baptised 
at the same time. There was a great revival in the neigh- 
borhood, and a great many of my relations and neighbors 
professed religion, and were baptised. My wife got hope, 
but was not baptised, until she got to Kentucky; she was 
baptized by the Reverend John Taylor at Clear Creek 
Meeting House. 






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(tin'fl ili'::i'\>^ vfTfifri bur, :sl.:j.: oih laiil bint 






ii*s<«y<jt5..j! 




GEORGE WASHINGTON' TRABUE 



Enlarged from a little old framed picture done with a pen, and found in an 
old writing desk in 1878 in the Homestead oi the "Trabues" in Glasg.jw, 
Kentucky. 



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CHAPTER XXIX 

To Kextucky by Way of the Ohio River 

We did intend to start to Kentucky the first of Septem- 
ber, but we did not get off so soon. Captain John Watkins, 
his family, and his son-in-law James Locket went with 
us. . . . We had 5 or 6 white men, and 12 or IS negro 
men, and altogether our company was above 70 souls. We 
went on to Redstone,"" and got a large boat, which was 
very heavily loaded with all our horses, and our carriages, 
goods, and our people. 

Uncle Bartholomew Du Puy, with 3 of his sons, and a 
number of his negroes, and several other families, all 
ctorted down the River at the same time. I think there 
Avere five boats, and in all 2 or 300 souls. I thought there 
was great danger of the Indians molesting us, but as we 
had many guns, we agreed to stick together. We thought 
the water was sufficiently high for our boats, and that we 
could go in safety, but after we left the settlement we kept 
running aground, as our boat was loaded very heavily. 
We went some distance below the Kanawha"^ to an island, 
which is called the Dead Man's Island. 

It was agreed by Mr. Locket and myself, that he would 
steer the boat, and I would take the front, and Direct him 
by a wave of the hand which way to steer. We kept exactly 
after another Boat when on a sudden our Boat stove against 
the end of a log that was under water; the Boat made a 
sudden stop, and all the horses and people fell Down. I 
observed the boat was still, and the water ran as swift as 
a Mill Tail. I saw that a plank was bursted at my end, 
and the water was coming in very rapidly, as we were 40 
or 50 feet from shore, I hollowed out to Mr. Locket and 
waved my hand to turn his end to the shore. 

He did so, and it took several strokes with the assistance 
of another hand before they could turn it. When it got 

"Redstone, now Brownsville, Pennsylvania, on the Monongahela, from 
whence many took navigation for Kentucky. 
"Kanawha River, (West) Virginia. 
129 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



into that position I called out for them to jump. Some of 
the men who were out first, held the boat. I hollowed for 
the women and children to go to the end, and jump out; 
and for the men, black and white, to throw out the things'. 
My end began to sink very soon, and I, and another man, 
cut the ropes that held the horses. As the boat sank the 
horses swam out. This all took only three minutes. 

The people were all saved, but we lost considerable of 
our goods. If the hind end had turned the other way, it 
was thought that most of the women and children would 
have been drowned. We were thankful that A Kind Provi- 
dence had saved us, although we saw a great many things 
swimming off, there appeared to be not a murmur of regret, 
but all were thankful that it was no worse. 

The reason the other Boats escaped, and ours struck the 
log, was because our boat was a great deal the heaviest 
loaded, and sank deeper in the water. The other boats 
stopped, and came with their canoes to our assistance, as 
quickly as they could. They caught some few of our things 
that were still near. We apprehended great danger of 
Indians, so we moved the women and children in canoes 
to the Island, with all our things. The same night all the 
Boats encamped together. 

The next morning we examined our boat, and took out 
all the iron things. She then floated, but was too much 
injured to mend. The Owner of the other Boats agreed 
with us, that all the horses should be sent by land, and we 
then might have room in their boats. We were 21 days on 
the River, three times as long as we had expected. Our 
Provisions were scarce, and we often went ashore with our 
canoes, and killed Turkey which was plenty. 

We had a hearty laugh at one of Captain Watkins 
negroes who said "It will do very well, Master, if we have 
plenty of Turkeys, for we will never die; but if we have 
bread and bacon, too, we will live a heap longer." We got 
all safe to Linestone, and landed; after waiting several 
days, the men with the horses arrived, bringing the bad 
news that the Indians had fired on them, and that several 
of the horses had been killed. Some of the people went on, 
130 






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To Kentucky by Way of the Ohio River 

with parts of their families and goods, and sent back for 
the rest. 

We all settled in Fayette, now Woodford County; I set- 
tled on Grear's Creek, near Kentucky River. We thought 
that a safe place as several people lived across the River, 
and we expected that it would soon be better settled. Next 
year Brother Edward Trabue, and his family came out, 
and he settled on the Fork, or cleft of the Kentucky River. 
INIy mother. Uncle John Du Pay, Uncle Bert Du Puy, and 
Uncle James Du Puy all settled in the same neighborhood. 

The Indians soon became more troublesome, and the 
people who lived across the River, moved over to our side. 
The Indians not only killed the people on the other side of 
the River, but also several in our neighborhood. We pur- 
sued the Indians many times, but they were too cunning 
for us, and we could not succeed in overtaking them. One 
time they killed ^Mistress Scercey, who lived 2 miles from 
us. The Indians crossed the river on a raft. 

The next morning a company of us went up to Steel's 
Ferry, and crossed the River. I suppose we travelled that 
Day about 30 miles. There was just one Instance where 
the Indians were overtaken, and that time was when an 
unexpected snow had fallen. Our men also, did their best; 
but night overtook them, so the men stopped and took up 
camp. Jacob Stucker"* insisted on going on; but our men 
refused. After they made a fire and ate something, Jacob 
Stucker went on by himself two miles, and Discovered the 
Indians camp fire. He went up close to them, and made 
what Discovery he could. He returned to the company and 
told them the news. 

This Mr. Stucker was a Dutchman. Our men fired on 
the Indians, and killed and wounded several of them, and 
got considerable plunder. Mr. Stucker picked up one of 
the best blankets and wrapped it around himself, and said 
"This will keep me warm this winter." Mr. Stucker was 
soon made a Captain, and he made a good officer. In the 

"Probably the same Jacob Stucker, who, with sixty men under Cap- 
tain Gatliffe, went in pursuit of Indians, through Mason County, Ken- 
tucky, in October, 1780. — Collins, 11, 563. 

131 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

year 1792 we heard the Indians had killed some people 
near Frankford.''^^ I had two sisters who lived near there, 
the wives of John and Thomas JNIajors. Brother Stephen 
Trabue, and myself went there early the next morning after 
the mischief was Done. As we went we met a number of 
people moving away. 

We went to our Brother-in-laws. A large Company were 
Determined to pursue the Indians but all in vain, we' could 
not strike the Trail. We lived about 12 miles from where 
the mischief was Done. The Indians were so crafty that 
after a few days the people quit hunting for them. The 
mischief was Done as follows; two men by the name of 
Cook, with their wives lived in one house. It was a cabin 
that was roughly made with weight pools pinned on fast. 

These Mr. Cooks were both out shearing their sheep with 
their riiles by tneir sides. The Indians iircd on them, and 
killed one on the spot. The other ran into the house, and 
shut the Door; his wife helped him to make tlie Door fast. 
He then fell to the floor, and Died of his wound. He left 
his gun where he was shot, so the Indians got both their 
guns. 

The Indians ordered the Door opened, and as the woman 
refused, they tried to break the door shutter. As this was 
made of thick strong timber they did not succeed. Then 
the Indians went to the top of the house, and tried to pull 
it down, but failing in this they made a fire on the top of 
the house. The woman put this out with water, milk and 
hens' eggs. At length the Indians threatened them very 
severely, and ordered them to open the door. "What can 
you do, as you have no gun?" said the Indians. 

Then one of the women remembered there was another 
gun in the house; she got it, and firing through a hole in 
the door, killed one Indian. Immediately the Indians dis- 
appeared carrying off their dead. These women remained 
in the house about 2 hours, then Colonel Finney with a 
company of men came to their assistance. They were so 
badly scared that they had not wept at the death of their 

•This refers to the attack on Innis' settlement, near Frankfort, April 
28, 1792.— Collins. II, 250. 






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To Kentucky by Way of the Ohio River 

husbands, but as soon as the Company came to them they 
wept sorely. The two Mr. Cooks were buried, and the 
women removed to a neighbor's house, about 2 miles away. 
They related this narrative to us. 

The Indians took a man prisoner by the name of Mr. 
Dement'"' and kept him with them, while they lay concealed. 
They had gotten so far in the settlement, that they were 
afraid to go home, so remained 2 or 3 Days hidden in the 
bushes. Mr. Dement saw a large company of white men 
pass in sight. When they left the settlement ISIr. Dement 
got away, and returned home. The people were very much 
alarmed when they heard the Indians had been lurking in 
the settlement. 

"■'Probably James Dement, a settler who secured game for provision- 
ing Port Wasliiiigton, in Kenton County, Kentucky, in the fall of 1789. — 
Cdlir.s, II, 435- 



CHAPTER XXX 

General Antpioxy Wayne's Treaty with the Mia:mi 
Indians 

In the summer of 1794 I was with General Wa>Tie at 
Grunsvil at the Indian Treaty.-'' General Wayne hired 
some of the first Indians that came to the Treaty to go to 
the other towns, and get the Indians to come to the Treaty. 
General Wayne had a large army, and it was well disci- 
plined ; also a number of cannon. He would often muster 
and parade his men. They would fire their Muskets and 
Rifles and cannon when on parade, to the astonishment of 
the Indians. Gen'l Wayne's Army made a Martial appear- 
ance. 

The Indians were hard to persuade to bring in the prison- 
ers, and treat; but, gradually they came in, and brought a 
large number of prisoners. A number of men and women 
that came to the Treaty had been captured when children 
and they now looked like Indians.'-*^ I was at Fort Jefferson 
about six miles from Grunsvil, and at a distance, in the 
parade we saw an Indian riding up toward the Fort, and 
when he got to within about 200 yards, he halted. 

Captain McColester beckoned to him, and told him to 
advance; so he came up some higher and stopped. Captain 
McColester went out to meet him, and I went with him. 
We took no arms with us, and the Indian told us he was a 
Chief, and he was willing to talk about the Treaty. 

He could speak broken English. When he told us what 
Nation of Indians he belonged to, Captain McColester 
asked him if he knew Stephen Ruddle and Abraham Rud- 
dle. He said he did, so Captain McColester told him that 
the Father of these Ruddles was then at Grunsville, and 
wanted very much to see his children. The old Captain 

"General Anthony Wayne gained a great victory over the Western 
Indians in the Battle of Miamis, in August. 1794. He concluded a treaty 
with the Indians, August, lygs.—Lossuig, II. 177. 

"Many captives were taken from the white children, and some lived 
to return. 

134 



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■-..,. V "SHIRLEY" ON THE JAMES RIVER, VA. 
is a typical manor house of the Colonial period. Its walls are from 
two to four feet thick. It was the home of the Carters, wlio still 
live there. There is a fine art gallery containing the portraits of 
Virginians from the first generation to the present time. 



(Reproduced by courtesy of Raphael Tuck & Sons, Ltd., 
London-New York) 






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General Axthony Wayne's Treaty 

Ruddle had given many presents to other Indians to go to 
his children, and persuade them to come in. 

Captain ISIcColestor invited the Indian when he first 
came up, to come in to the Fort and Drink some Whiskey. 
He refused, and after talking some time, and asking more 
particularly about the Ruddles, he said "Me" and struck 
his hand against his breast saying "Me, Stephen Ruddle." 
The Captain and I immediately shook hands with him, and 
told him how glad we were, and that we knew his Father 
was not far off, and that he, the Captain would send a 
message for old Capt. Ruddle. 

Captain McColeston then went with the Indian Chief to 
where his company were, and there found Abraham among 
them. . . . They all came to the Fort, Stephen Ruddle 
and hh «nuaw, Abraham Ruddle and Abraham's adopted 
brother. They all alighted and came in, and all had the 
appearance of Indians ; they were painted, and very Dirty, 
but they had some silver trinkets hanging about their necks, 
and breasts, and some brooches in their breech cloths and 
beads in the leggins and moccasins. I suppose they thought 
themselves fine. 

We gave them something to eat, but none could speak 
English, but Stephen, and he, in a very broken manner. 
He had been taken Prisoner at his Father's Fort at Licking, 
in June 1780. He was then 9 or 10 years old, and a Dutch 
Boy Abraham, 4 or 5 years old, was taken at the same 
time. Stephen's squaw was old and ugly. 

In the Fort several of the soldiers had their wives with 
them, and they gathered together to see these Indians. 

When Capt. Ruddle came. Captain McColeston con- 
ducted him to his children. Old Captain Ruddle cried out 
aloud, and fell down on the floor crying, and bewailing 
his condition. Said he, "My children are Indians." 
Stephen took hold of his Father, and said "Hold your 
heart. Father, hold your heart." The Indians, the white 
women, and some of the soldiers all cried aloud, and Capt. 
Ruddle continued crying aloud, whenever he would look at 
his children. 

135 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



The next morning Capt. Ruddle gave his sons clean 
clothing, and got them to wash off the Paint, and put on 
the clothes. I gave Abrams adopted Brother a shirt, and 
he was very glad to get it. We told Capt. Ruddle he ought 
to give Stephen's wife something, but he refused. As there 
was a Store in this Fort, some of the soldiers got some 
calico, and the white women in a little time sewed it up, 
and when this was given her, she was highly pleased. 

Among the Indians there are different grades of Chiefs, 
some command 50, some 100. Captain Stephen Ruddle com- 
manded 100, and it was said he was resolute in Battle. He 
told me he was in the Battle when Brigadier General Har- 
mer"° was defeated; also when General St. Clair'"" was 
defeated; also in the Battle when General Anthony 
Wa}Tie'"' defeated them on the Maumee.'°- 

Captain Stephen said the British told them previous to 
the Battle, that if they were defeated they might run into 
their Fort; but when the French came they told a Lie. The 
battle was brought about in the following manner. About 
250 men called spies were commanded by Colonel Price 
who marched in advance about half a mile ahead of the 
army Down the Miami River. Their line extended square 
off from the River, so that it was half a mile in width. 

Colonel Price's orders were that wherever he met Indians 
he should; after firing Retreat to the main Army. This 
was to give the Army time to form for Battle. "Now," 
said Capt. Stephen Ruddle, "I believed that when we met 
this advance party, we had met the main army. We pur- 
lin September, 1790. Brig. General Josiah Harmer, with regulars and 
volunteers, marched against the Miami towns. The regulars were de- 
stroyed and the militia sustained ejiormous loss, — Collins, I, 273. 

'""General Arthur St. Clair, who served in the Canada Expedition, 
was at Trenton, Princeton, in command of Ticonderoga, and at York- 
town. He was Governor of the Northwestern Territory, 1788-1802. He 
led an expedition against the Indians on the Maumee. Was surprised and 
overpowered by the Chiefs Brant and Little Turtle, when south of the 
headwaters of the Maumee. He was defeated with terrible slaughter, by 
them, November 4, 1791. — Collins, I. 23; Saffell, p. 528. 
"'General Wayne's victory occurred in August, 1795. 
'HThe Maumee River is formed by the St. Joseph and St. Mary 
Rivers, which unite at Fort Wayne, Indiana. It runs through Ohio and 
empties into Lake Erie. 

136 



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General Anthoxy Wayne's Treaty 

sued them with all our might, thinking we had Defeated 
them, so when we did meet the main army we tried to out 
flank them. To our astonishment the whites outflanked 
us, and all of a sudden made a much greater force of men." 

Stephen Ruddle and his men ran to the British Fort to 
gain entrance, but the British refused to open the Gate. 
Capt. Ruddle said they were nearly exhausted, and that 
some of his men were killed. The whites were rushing 
hard on them, and it was with Difficulty that they made 
their escape. He was willing to make peace with the Ken- 
tucky men; but he said, he would never like the British 
again, as they had broken their word, and deceived the 
Indians. 

The next Day Old Capt. Ruddle and liis children, and 
the Indians who were w-ith him all went to Greensville, and 
after 2 or 3 Days, old Mr. Ruddle told me he knew I could 
be of Benefit to him. He said his Son Stephen thought a 
great Deal of me, and he wanted me to talk with hini, and 
persuade him to leave his squaw and go home with his 
Father. But Stephen told me that although he was willing 
to go home, he would not give up his squaw for any woman 
in the world, she would do anything for him, and was 
mighty good to him. 

I thought old Mr. Ruddle was in fault for giving up the 
Fort to the British and Indians, which he did, since Bro. 
James Trabue, and Captain John Hinkstun'"^ and others 
were opposed to it and advised other- v.'ise; but Capt. Ruddle 
put too much confidence in the British. One night at 
Greensville Stephen said that all of his Company's horses 
had run away. I asked him if he were going to hunt them, 
and he said no, his squaw had gone after them, alone. 
After 2 or 3 Days she brought them all back from a Dis- 
tance of 40 miles, 5 horses in number. I then thought she 
was worth all the rest of the company together. 

""Captain John Hinkston. 



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CHAPTER XXXI 

A Remarkable Deliverance ,, 

Brother James Trabue had a very likely young negro 
woman taken at Ruddle's Fort.^"'* I heard where she was, 
but could not get any of the Indians to fetch her. General 
Wayne told them that they must fetch her, and all the rest 
of the prisoners to the Treaty. This negro woman had at 
that time 2 or 3 children. Her name was Selah and she 
was, as I understood, at the mouth of the St. Dushney'"^ 
though some of the Indians denied it. It was stated that a 
half breed by the name of Joe Scott had her, as his servant. 

The Indians did not bring in all the prisoners, as I saw 
many men who had come from the Frontiers of New York, 
Pennsylvania, Virginia and Kentucky get their relatives 
who were prisoners. Some succeeded, but the Indians had 
killed many. A Colonel Crawford'"'' had been defeated 
somewhere above Siotia, and many of his men taken prison- 
ers, and many of them burned. One of them a man,^**'^ 
John Slover, was Tied to a Stake, and wood for fuel put 
all around him. The wood was lighted, but a rain came on, 
and put out the fire. The Indians took him, tied fast with 
thongs into the camp, and all went to sleep. As day was 
breaking, he managed to get loose, and make his escape on 
one of their horses. 

""Ruddle's Fort captured by Indians, 1780. 

""'Probably Sandusky. 

""About the latter part of March, 17S2, the western Indians began 
incursions upon the western frontiers of Pennsylvania and Virginia. 
Colonel William Crawford, of Pennsylvania, w-as solicited to command an 
expedition against them. The expedition started May 25, 17S2. On June 
4th they were attacked by a large force of Indians, where the town of 
Sandusky had stood. The whites became scattered. Colonel Crawford, 
John Knight, who was surgeon of the expedition, and others, were cap- 
tured. Colonel Crawford was horribly tortured and burned at the stake, 
June mh. Dr. Knight being forced to witness it. — See Narrative of Dr. 
Knight. Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd Ser., XIV. 

"'This man, John Slover, a guide in Colonel Crawford's expedition, 
left an interesting account of his capture and captivity. Of the above inci- 
dent he said : "I was tied to the post and the flame was now kindled. The 
day was clear, not a cloud to be seen. Just as the fire of one pile began 
to blaze, the wind rose, the rain fell violent, and the fire was extinguished. 
When it was over the savages stood amazed, and were long time silent." 
The burning was postponed, and later Slover escaped. — Narrative of John 
Slover. Pennsylvania Archives, 2nd Ser., XIV. 
138 



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A Remarkable Deliverance 



I had considerable talk witli many of the Indian Chiefs. 
One was an old man, and he asked me why we wanted to 
take the land from the Indians. I said we did not want to 
take their land. He said the British told them they ought 
to fight for their Land, and kill the whites. I told him we 
always bought their land, and paid them for it, and if any 
body was at fault it was the British King. It was the 
British who made the first settlement on the Indians' Land 
— if it was their Land. 

"But" said I, ''How came it to be your land, who made 
it, and who gave it to you?" He said "The British told us 
it was our Land, and the Great Spirit made it for us." I 
asked him if he believed that, and he said he believed that 
the Great Spirit made all people, Indians and whites and 
all the land. That it was the Great Spirit's Land, and it 
was wrong for the Indians or Whites to say it was their 
land. He said if an Indian made a house, it was the 
Indian's house. If he planted a corn-iaeld it was his, but 
the Land was the Great Spirit's. 

The white man he said, marks off land in the Woods, 
and says it is his Land but this is not true. I said "We 
buy your land and let you have gun-powder, and lead, and 
blankets." He said the truth was the British gave them 
rum, and told them that the whites would take all their 
land. He said he had been to Philadelphia, and saw so 
many people, that he was willing to make peace; many of 
his people having been killed in the war. 

A remarkable occurrence took place at the Falls of the 
Ohio, now Louisville. Two enterprising men left their 
homes in Monongahela County, because they had been 
slighted in some office. They removed with their families 
to Louisville, in the Fall of 1779. Some little time after 
Colonel Clarke proposed a settlement on the Mississippi at 
or near Chickasaw Bluffs.^*^" 

Squire Daniel Boone, 2 men with their families and 
many others embarked in the scheme; so that they got a 
boat, and descended the Ohio River building a Fort at 

""Chickasaw Bluffs, Mississippi, on the Yazoo River, northeast of 
Vicksburg. 

139 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

Chickasaw Bluffs. The Indians were displeased, so the 
whites abandoned the settlement. . . . Some went 
on down the River to Natchez,'"^ which then belonged to 
the Spanish Government. 

The place at Chickasaw Bluffs proved very sickly, and 
the husband of one of these women died, also the wife of 
the other of these two men. Then the widow and the 
widower, each with their children got into one boat. They 
descended the River, intending to go to Natchez. Their 
provisions soon became exhausted, and the boat got stuck 
fast on a log near the shore. The man had a good gun, and 
could go on shore hunting, but without success, so they were 
nearly starved to death. 

The man proposed that they cast lots with their children 
to kill one for food for the rest, but the woman objected to 
this plan. He decided to take one of his o\\'n children, and 
the lot fell on a little girl, who hearing of the plan walked 
up and down the shore, crying. 

The woman insisted that they make another attempt to 
shove off the Boat, and as the water had risen a little they 
were successful. The man had become very refractory and 
peevish, so the woman and children managed the boat 
mostly by themselves. As they were now moving there 
seemed to be some hope, so the little girl's life was spared 
from day to day. At length they met a Frenchman in a 
keel boat"" going to Kaskaskia, Illinois, and they peti- 
tioned him for food. 

The woman told him they were not all of one family, and 
begged him to give her, the portion for her family sepa- 
rately. He did so and she gave her children a little at a time, 
and ate but little herself, while the man ate so much he 
actually Died. The widow and both sets of children finally 
arrived at Natchez, where some of her friends later heard 
of her distress, and went and took her and her children 

around to Baltimore, and finally to her own people again. 
********* 

'"Natchez, Mississippi. 

""Keel boat. "Gone forever now from western navigation. It had its 
square sail to take advantage of the river winds, its mast strongly braced 
to hold the long tow ropes." — The Crossing, p. 356. 
140 



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CHAPTER XXXII 

(Manuscript torn at this place.) 

•■"• '■ Account of the H,vrps^^^ 

\ It is said that the Harps, to wit; ]Micajah Harp and 

f Wiley Harp were natives of North Carolina. Micajah was 

[ a large, daring looking man. . . . ( Several lines miss- 

ing here.) A gentleman, by the name of Lankford, fell in 
company with them at some house on the Road. They had 
found that Mr. Lankford had money, and a fine horse, so 
at a convenient place in the woods they killed him, and 
covered him with logs. Some cow drivers found the dead 
man, and the Harps were judged for murder. 

The news reached Kentucky, and Mr. Joseph Balinger, 
of Stanford, a valiant man in Time of danger, with some 
others pursued them, and overtook them at the Rolling fork 
of Salt River. . . . They came on, the Harps who had 
two guns which they took from the Guard at Dan. The 
Harps jumped up, and cursed the Pursuers, who retreated. 
They then went to the home of Henry Skaggs,"" one of 
their number, a valiant man in Battle, and a great Hunter. 
He had good dogs, and with these they pursued the mur- 
derers for some distance. As the cane was very thick, they 
gave up the pursuit as night came on, and went home to 
sleep. The next morning Mr. Skaggs went to a log rolling, 
where Major James Blane"^ was present. 

When Mr. Skaggs told the news the negro said that the 
Harps had broken jail, and were the very men w'anted. 

"'Micajah Harpe, large and athletic; Wiley ?Iarpe, small and active, 
were usually called the Big and Little Harpes. They claimed to be from 
North Carolina, and committed many crimes in Kentucky and the South 
before being killed. A long account of their depredations is given by 
Collins, II, 345. 

"^Henry Skagge or Scaggins, who. with others, went through the 
Mockason Gap in Clinch Mountains in 1761. They named Powell's 
Mountains, River and Valley; also Skagg's Ridge. He was afterwards 
employed by Henderson & Co. to explore lands on the Cumberland River. 
He was one of the "Long Hunters" in 1771. — Collins, II, 416, 418. 

"'Probably James Blane, who was a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives from Green County, Ky., in lygg.— Collins, II, 775. 
141 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 



Major Blane proposed that tliey should quit the log-rolling, 
and go pursue the murderers with Dogs. The company 
said the Cane was so thick they thought it was a bad chance. 
It was a pity they did not go, for then John Trabue might 
not have been killed. Major Blane and Henry Skaggs and 
the rest of the men Reflected very much on themselves for 
their negligence, and said this ought to be a warning to 
others hereafter to always Do their Duty. 

These murderers came near by my house to wit: Daniel 
Trabue's and they got my son John."* They went on 
towards the South West 12 or 15 miles. Here they killed 
a calf in a remote part of the Knobs on the East Fork of 
little Barn. They left their old Moccasins, and made new 
ones with the calf's skin. From tlience they went on, and 
cuiiic aciu^^ a luan by the name of ^Slr. Stump who had a 
good gun. Wlien he had shot a turkey they killed him and 
took his gun. 

They went from there to Big Barren River where they 
killed two men, stole a Canoe and went down the River to 
Yellow Banks. Here they hid themselves for a while. 
Then leaving their money and some other things under a 
Cliff tliey went from there towards the Chickesaw Nation, 
on to Stones River, and from there to Knoxville. At 
Knoxville they killed a man by the name of Ballard; they 
cut him open and putting stones in, sank his body in the 
River. 

They then started for Kentucky again, but did not go 
far before they killed a young man who was the Son of 
Chesley Coffey. He was riding along the road one evening 
to get a fiddle; these terrible men smeared a Tree with his 
brains, making out that his horse had run him against 
the tree. The next account was that the Harps overtook 
Robert and James Brassel who were coming from Knoxville 

"The Harpes "were next heard of in Adair County, near Columbia. 
In passing through that county, they met a small boy, the son of Colonel 
Trabue, with a pillow case of meal or flour, an article they probably needed. 
This boy, it is supposed, they robbed and then murdered, as he was ^^'■'^^ 
afterwards heard of. Manv years afterwards human bones, answering the 
size of Colonel Trabue's son at the time of his disappearance, were found 
in a sink hole near the place where he was said to have been murdered. 
— Collins, II, 346. 

142 



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Account of the Harps 



Tennessee. James was on foot carrying a gun. Robert 
was on a horse, but he had no gun. 

The Harps overtook them, and appeared to be in great 
haste and said when they came up "Gentlemen, what is the 
news?" The Brassels replied, "I suppose you heard all 
about the murder of Ballard and Coffey," and went on to 
relate the particulars. The Harps said they "were in pur- 
suit of the murderers, and they suspect that you are tlie 
men that have committed this murder; we have more men 
behind, and you must stop until they come up." The big 
Harp took the gun from James, and set it by a tree, and 
took out a large string and said "hold your hands together 
while I tye you." Robert said to James "Don't be tyed." 
The little Harp said to Robert "I will kill you in a minute 
if you resist." Robert thought and believed that these men 
were the murderers; he jumped off his horse and tried to 
get James' gun, but the Murderer interfered and he did not 
get it. He ran off leaving the big one tying his Brother. 
The little Harp ran after him, and tried to shoot, but he 
got away, leaving his brother and his horse behind. 

Robert sometimes left the road, and sometimes kept to 
it; but after a while he met a company of six men and a 
woman. He told them what had happened, and tried to 
persuade them to go back. A man by the name of Dale was 
one of the company, and he had his wife with him and a 
good rifle. When they came to the place where Robert had 
left James a little in the woods, they found James dread- 
fully butchered, and the gun broken to pieces. They dis- 
covered the tracks of the Murderers gone towards Knox- 
ville. After going a few miles they saw them coming, the 
big man riding a gray horse. They were all convinced that 
these were the same men. . . . They say the murderers 
looked very awful at them. Some of the men observed "if 
they will let us alone, we will let them alone." So they 
passed on. It was discovered that the Harps were heavily 
packed with clothing and provisions. Previous to their 
overtaking the Brassels they had laid off their luggage. 
After killing James, they went back for their plunder. 
113 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

Robert was much distressed and complained grievously; but 
the company were scared and glad to get off themselves. 

Robert Brassel would have pursued them if he could have 
gotten a gun; he went on, and soon joined another company 
coming to Kentucky. When they came to the first settle- 
ment in Stockton's Valley they saw a company of men hunt- 
ing a Mr. Tully, whom they said was lost. Near the road 
they found Mr. Tully, killed and hidden under a log. The 
Company buried him, and some of the men agreed they 
would pursue the murderers. 

William Woods Esq., was a bold and courageous young 
man, and not even waiting for their horses, he, and Nat 
Stockton concluded they would go immediately on foot to 
my house, to wit Daniel Trabue's, expecting the murderers 
would go there, as I had a store, and had been active in 
having them hunted. They got to my house, which was 40 
miles away and told me the news. 

I sent out that night for some neighbors and made ar- 
rangements. We sent one man off the next morning by 
sunrise to Frankfort to the Governor, that he might have it 
published in the newspapers. ]Mr. Wood's and Mr. Stock- 
ton's statement I wrote down, and had them swear to it, 
what they knew of their own knowledge, and what Robert 
Brassel had told them. I sent another man down to Yellow 
Banks to General Samuel Hopkins"' with the news, and 
the Statement. I directed the men to go as fast as they 
could, and spread the news, as they went; it was also imme- 
diately put in the news-papers. 

The man I sent to Genl. Hopkins was John Ellis; as he 
went on he spread the news. He happened to go the same 
route the Harps had taken. When they heard of him, they 
pursued, and tried to overtake him. Ellis had a good horse 
and went 60 or 70 miles a day. The whole state got in a 

"'General Samuel Hopkins, for whom Hopkins County was named. 
was a native of Albemarle County, Virginia. An officer of the Revolution 
who fought at the battles of Princeton, Trenton, Monmouth, Brandywine 
and Germantown, in the last of which he was wounded. Lieut. Colonel of 
Tenth \"a. Regiment at the siege of Charleston. Vt'ent to Kentucky in 
1797, and settled on Greene River. In October of 1812 he led 1,000 volun- 
teers against the Kickapoo villages upon the Illinois. Member of Con- 
gress. — Collins, 11, 344. 

144 



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Account of the Harps 



great uproar, because it was uncertain which route the 
murderers would take. The next night they left Stockton 
Valley, and went up ^Marrowbone creek about 25 miles 
south from my house. 

They called on an old man by the name of Mr. Graves 
who had a son, a young man. They killed Mr. Graves and 
his son, and hid them in some brush. ^Mr. Graves and his 
son were making a crop at a new place in order to move the 
family when they had gotten their place ready. It may be 
Remembered that the Harps had been down to the Yellow 
Banks the year before, and somewhere near there they had 
built a cabin to move to. 

When they broke out of the Danville Jail they left their 
Women behind, and after a lapse of time the women went 
to the Cabin. No doubt Mr. Tully had informed them 
where their women were, as he was acquainted with them. 
But INIr. Ellis was before them in this neighborhood. Gen'l 
Hopkins had men watching their cabin for about 10 days, 
and after he had removed the men, the murderers ventured 
up and got their women, and at once cleared out. 

The Harps went to Mr. Stigall's''" now in Christian 
County. Mr. Stigall had gone from home to get a horse 
for Major Love, who was to stay at Stigall's until he re- 
turned the next morning. When Mr. Stigall returned he 
found his wife, and child killed. His house burnt up, and 
Major Love was also killed and burnt. 

Mr. Stigall alarmed the neighborhood and 10 or 12 men 
set out to pursue them; they easily tracked them, as they 
had several horses. The first day they did not come up 
with them, but encamped in the woods. Early in the morn- 
ing, about sun-rise they over took the Harps and the women, 
at the head of a branch. When they came to the Camp there 
was no one there, but three women ; on enquiring about the 
men they were told they had gone down the Branch. They 
went after them and discovered the men, and fired on them, 

"'The Harpes murdered the wife and child of Moses Stigall, who lived 
in the present Hopkins County ; also a man named Love, who was staying 
that night at the house. Stigall pursued and killed Micajah Harpe. — Cot- 
lins, II, 349, 350 and 351. 

145 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

and wounded an innocent man, namely George Smith who 
was out hunting a horse. 

The Harps were talking with him and were just going to 
kill him it is supposed, when the pursuers came on them. 
The Harps ran off; they were pursued, but soon lost them. 
The pursuers went to the women, there was but one woman 
there, she appeared to be loathe to tell them. One man ran 
to her and said he would kill her instantly if she did not 
tell what they asked her. She said that Big Micajah man 
had ran around and come to the Camp and had gone with 
his two women. 

They were all on fast horses; they made her show them 
the track tlicy started on. The men now went with all 
speed, and going about 7 miles they came in sight of them, 
and immediately fired on the big Micajah. He rode very 
fast with his woman with him. They shot several times, but 
could not hit him as yet. Colonel William Christian"' 
fired at him, and wounded him, but he rode on with all his 
might. At last Mr. Seeper rode up close to him, and jump- 
ing off his horse took true aim at him, and gave him a 
mortal wound. He dropped his gun, and bled profusely, 
but rode off slowly. The women stopped when they saw 
his gun fall, and saw the blood. 

"'Colonel William Christian, from whom Christian County gets its 
name, was a native of Augusta County. Va. Commanded a company at- 
tached to Colonel Burd's regiment, which was ordered to the frontier 
during Braddock's War. Married the sister of Patrick Henry. Settled 
m Botetourt County, Va. Was a member of Genera! State Convention of 
Virginia, 1775. Colonel of Virginia Line in Revolution. Mem.ber of the 
Legislature. Went to Kentucky in 1785, and settled on Beargrass Creek. 
In 1786, with a party of men. he crossed the Ohio in pursuit of marauding 
Indians, and was killed in the engagement that ensued. The Indian force 
was totally destroyed.— Co//mj, 11, 127. 



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Late of Philadelphia, Pa. 
Son (if 
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CHAPTER XXXIII 

The Massacre of the Montgomery's 

I, Daniel Trabue, in November 1789 started from 
Logan's Fort, Kentucky, to go to Virginia. Previous to 
my departure I was at the cabins which were being erected 
near the head of Green River for Mr. William INIontgomery 
and his Sons and Ish. Russell. ^^^ I was quite well ac- 
quainted with them, as they lived at Logan's Fort where 
I did. About the 25th of December 1780, the elder Mr. 
Wm. Montgomery, his son William, and his son John, with 
his son-in-law Joseph Russel settled themselves at the head 
waters of Green River. 

They had built 4 Cabins, and were living in them, and 
it was thought at this time there was no danger of Indians. 
They were not very well fixed for them, as their doors and 
windows were not made very strong, and there was no 
stockading around the Cabins. On the 27th February 1781 
the Indians paid them a visit. Tom ^Montgomery who lived 
with his Father had taken his gun and gone to Lexington 
on Guard, so there was no gun left in the house. 

Mr. Russell's Gun was out of order, and when at day- 
light the Indians attacked the Cabins, old Mr. Russell, and 
the negro man went out of the Door at the same time, and 
the Indians shot them both Dead. 

Old Mr. Montgomery was shot with seven bullets; he 
fell in the yard, and the negro in the Door. Jean, Daughter 
of the old man, moved the negro out of the Door, and shut 
and fastened it. Then the Indians broke open John Mont- 
gomery's Door, and as he got up out of his bed, they shot and 
killed him, and took his Wife and Negro Girl prisoners. 

""In the autumn of 1779. William Montgomery, the elder, father-in- 
law of General Logan, with his family and son-in-law, Joseph Russell, and 
family, moved from Virginia to Kentucky, and took refuge in Logan's 
Fort, where they remained a few months. The sons and Joseph Russell 
built cabins on the headwaters of Green River, about 12 miles southwest 
of Logan's Fort, and removed there in the winter or early in 1780. In 
March, 1780, they were attacked by the Indians. An interesting account 
of this is given by Collins, II, 471, 472. 

147 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Tr.a.bue 

They also broke open Mr. Russell's house, and took them 
all prisoners except Mr. Russell, who made his Escape. 

William Montgomery who was afterwards Colonel iSIont- 
gomery, jumped to his Door, when the Indians were trying 
to open it. He put a large Trough against it, and then shot 
two Indians at once, mortally wounding one, and break- 
ing the thigh of the other. The Indians fled, and carried 
off the two wounded Indians, and also, John Montgomery's 
wife. They scalped the negro girl, but she lived, and they 
left her behind, though they took Mrs. Russell and 4 chil- 
dren. Betty, the Daughter of the Elder !Mr. Montgomery, 
enquired of her sister Jean, where Tom's gun was, and was 
told Tom had it with him. The Indians were screaming 
and hallowing and shooting, and the young women could 
see that the Indians had possession of their Brother John 
Montgomery's house. Betty got out of the House, and 
attempted to run off, an Indian ran after her. She reached 
her Bro. John's House and went in, escaping a little later. 

An Indian got up on a log, and appeared to be scolding 
about something, and William shot him Dead. The rest 
of the Indians were gone so he lay there in the yard. 
William opened his Door, and went to his Father's and 
taking his sisters Jean and Flora, and his little Brother 
Robert, his wife, 3 of his children and a lad that lived 
with him, went to Petit's Fort, where Bettie had already 
arrived, and Given the news. 

William Casey who was afterward Colonel Casey"^ went 
vnth speed to Colonel Ben Logan, who was 12 miles away, 
and gave him the news. Soon Col. Logan and Col. Casey 
and several others, came to Pettit's Fort. They joined 
Wm. Montgomery, and with a band of 25 men, started after 
the Indians, with a Determination to follow them if neces- 
sary even to the Indian Towns. The Indians made litters 
to carry the wounded, and prisoners, and on account of the 
number they left traces easy to follow. 

"'Colonel William Casey, for whom Casey County, Kentucky, was 
named, was a native of Frederick County, Va. He went to Kentucky in 
the winter of 1779-80, and lived in camp on the Hanging Fork of Dick's 
River. Married Jane, daughter of William Montgomery.— Co//i)i,f, II. 
124, 472. 

148 



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The Massacre of the Montgomery's 

Two of Col. Logan's meu went ahead, on foot, in a run; 
and the rest folio vved on horseback. The men ahead were 
relieved at intervals; when they had gone 15 miles they 
overtook the Indians. One Indian who was a spy, who was 
behind discovered the Pursuers, and throwing Down his 
Pack, Ran to the others and gave the news. 

When Col. Logan's men saw the Indian's Pack on the 
Trail they understood it, and Rushed with all their might. 
Then the Indians killed Flora RusselP"'^ who was about 8 
years old. Then they ran off, and as they reached a Cane 
Break our men did not shoot at them. They left so few 
traces, and scattered themselves in such a manner, that our 
men pursued no further. The Prisoners were all recovered 
except Flora Russell, whom they Buried, by putting logs on 
her. 

The Indians left the Indian with the broken thigh, on his 
Litter, and Col. Logan's men finished him, and let him lie 
there for the Wolves, and the fowls of the air to eat. They 
said this was a remarkably large Indian, and it had taken 
4 Indians at a time to carry him. The Prisoners said there 
were 25 Indians who had escaped, so that made 28 in all. 
Flora Russell had told her mother, as she was travelling 
along that she had counted the Indians, and there were 25, 
beside the wounded ones. She also told her mother that 
she had wished to run under the bed, where she thought they 
would not have found her, as they hurried off so fast. 

The party reached Pettit's Fort that night, and some 
of the men had travelled 54 miles that Day. The same Day 
they put the Dead Bodies in one of the Houses, and the next 
Day they buried them all Decently. The Prisoners related 
that they had seen the Indians carrying the two wounded 
ones, and after while some of the Indians who were left 
behind with one of their wounded, came up and told them 
something; there was much crying, so the prisoners con- 
cluded the wounded Indian was Dead. 

"°A daughter of Mrs. Russell, about 12 years of age, upon hearing 
Logan's voice, exclaimed in ecstacy, "there's Uncle Ben," when the savage, 
who had her in charge, struck her dead with his tomahawk. — Collins, II, 
473. 

149 



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Jean ^Montgomery said she was looking at the Indian on 
the log when her Brother William shot him. She saw him 
fall and was glad, for she thought this was the Indian who 
had been running after Mr. Russell. She did not know all 
that had happened, and she further said she did not know 
that her Bro. William had shot the other two Indians. The 
Indian that was shot from the log lay there, and animals 
ate him. 

Thomas Montgomery'-^ a son of Wm. Montgomery was 
then 6 years old. He is now known by the name of Judge 
Montgomery. He says that the first thing that surprised 
him, was that he was awakened by the guns, and screaming 
of the Indians, and by the running of the Cattle with tlicir 
bells ringing. It was very alarming, and his Father 
fastened his Door very quickly by putting a large Trough 
against it, which appeared almost impossible for one man 
to do. Jean Montgomery after this married Wm. Cassey, 
who was afterwards Colonel Cassey. Elizabeth, or Betty 
Montgomery married her cousin William jNIontgomery who 
afterwards became Colonel Montgomery. 

""Judge Thomas Montgomery, son of William Montgomery, Junior. 
Collins, II, 472. 



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■•. ■- CHAPTER XXXIV 

Another View of the Surrender of Yorktown 

To properly review Yorktown's fruitful victory, we must 
take a short survey of events and conditions which bear 
directly upon this culmination. The whole campaign holds 
vivid interest from the time the chief action of the war 
was transferred to southern soil, and the brilliant events 
which so rapidly chased each other. Port Royal's recap- 
ture by Moultrie, the disastrous siege of Savannah, and 
many others I might name. After the fall of Charleston 
the whole state was overrun by marauders; all men were 
ordered into tlie king's army, and those who refused were 
often murdered in the presence of wives and children. 

Then came the sad day for American arms when General 
Gates superseded Lincoln in supreme command. In spite 
of Gate's bluster and boast of "Burgoyning Cornwallis" 
he speedily suffered a terrible defeat at Camden and his 
boasted "grand army" was scattered to the four winds. In 
this defeat we lost the brave Baron de Kalb, whose invin- 
cible firmness had inspired the Continental troops to stand 
fast even after the militia gave way. 

Cowpens followed, which is counted the most "extraor- 
dinary victory of the war;" then the decisive battle of 
King's Mountain, which changed the aspect of the war, and 
fired the hearts of the patriots of the two Carolina's with 
fresh zeal. In this engagement the appearance of the "over 
mountain men," the "tall Watauga boys," whose very name 
and existence had been unknown to the British, took Corn- 
wallis by surprise and their success was fatal to his intended 
expedition; he had no choice but to retreat. 

But the darkest days of the starving time came when 
Arnold speculated in the stores provided for the starving 
army, and lost it by gambling and luxurious living; then 
his treason and return with a marauding force of British 
troops who burned Richmond and ravaged the Virginia 
151 












.3il; 



The J0URN.4L or Colonel Daniel Tr.\bue 

coast. At this time the weakness and poverty of the central 
government failed to provide for the common defense. 

The paper money issued by congress had become so 
nearly worthless that it would scarce bring two cents on 
the dollar in coin. Brave and loyal as they were, the sol- 
diers of Washington could not live without food, nor escape 
disease and death, while they must sleep in winter upon 
frozen ground without straw or blankets. What wonder 
then that in this dark day the troops at Morristown revolted 
and marched to Princeton, dragging with them six small 
cannon. 

They had had no pay for a year and had suffered hard- 
ships beyond endurance. But with what a thrill of admira- 
tion we read of the scornful refusal they gave the prof- 
fered aid of the British general, Clinton, who sent emissaries 
among the disaffected, offering "good pay and all comforts 
if they would but enter the king's army." Angry and indig- 
nant that they should be treated as traitors and deserters, 
the mutinous troops at Princeton gave up the British emis- 
saries to their officers to be hanged as spies. The state of 
Pennsylvania came to the rescue, providing pay and cloth- 
ing for its suffering men, thus enabling them to return to 
their post under Washington's wing. 

The British general, Clinton, in New York, was con- 
stantly menaced by Washington's troops. In the south 
Cornwallis and Tarleton were hard pressed and retreating 
northward. After Green's signal victory over them at 
Guilford Court House, they retreated through Virginia, 
plundering and ravaging the homes of the people in a man- 
ner disgraceful to the British name. Cornwallis's march 
to YorktowTi was that of a marauder rather than that of an 
honorable gentleman and a peer of the British realm. 

Reaching Yorktown he intrenched himself on the 
peninsula which separates the York from the James River, 
here upon the high bluff of concrete or stone marl, erecting 
heavy earthworks which are plainly defined to the present 
day. From this point he appealed to Clinton in New York 
to send him troops, but owing to Washington's threatening 
proximity Clinton remained deaf to his entreaties. 



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Surrender of Yorktown 



Suddenly and secretly Washington withdrew his troops 
from their position at Dobb's Ferry on the Hudson and 
hurried with Rochambeau to join Lafayette in Virginia, 
and the combined land forces, united with the French fleet 
commanded by Count de Grasse, gathered in a narrowing 
circle, entrapping the wily British General in his strong- 
hold at Yorkto\ra. This 'memorable siege began the 30th 
of September, 1781, and ended with the final capitulation 
on the 19th of October, after a terrible continuous battle 
of three days and nights of struggle. 

After articles of agreement were reached the ceremony 
of the final surrender was exceedingly imposing. The 
British troops presented a glittering array, owing to Corn- 
wallis having the forethought to open the British army 
ctQi-es — so soon to be surrendered — and decking his men in 
their best. Each had on a complete new suit, but all their 
finery but served to humble them the more when contrasted 
with the miserable rags of their exultant captors. 

The scene was one to be remembered. The American 
army was drawn up on the right side of the road in a 
column more than a mile long, with Washington at their 
head on his white charger, while the French forces formed 
a brilliant line— equally as long— on the opposite side, 
with Count de Rochambeau on a powerful bay horse at 
their head. Between these lines marched the British and 
Hessians, with slow and sullen step. 

A vast concourse of people, equal in number to the mili- 
tary, were present eager to look upon Cornwallis, the terror 
of the south, in his hour of humiliation. But Cornwallis 
feigned illness and did not appear, but sent General 
O'Hara, with his sword, to lead the vanquished army to 
the field of surrender. General O'Hara rode at the head 
of the slow moving troops with their colors cased, called a 
halt, advanced to Washington, doffed his hat and apolo- 
gized for the absence of Earl Cornwallis. 

Washington pointed him to General Lincoln for direc- 
tions and to receive the sword. A delicate way of consoling 
Lincoln for having been forced to surrender his sword at 
Charleston. Lincoln received the sword from O'Hara and 



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The Journal of Colonel Daniel Trabue 

then politely handed it back to be returned to the Earl. 
The delivery of the colors of the twenty-eight regiments 
was an impressive ceremonial. Twenty-eight British cap- 
tains, each bearing a flag in a case, were drawn up in line. 
Opposite them — six paces away — tv*'enty-eight American 
sergeants in line to receive the colors. Ensign Wilson, of 
General DeWitt Clinton's brigade, the youngest commis- 
sioned officer in the army (being then only eighteen years 
of age), was appointed to conduct this interesting ceremony. 

When Wilson gave the order to the British captains to 
advance two paces to deliver, and the American sergeants 
to advance two paces to receive the standards, the British 
demurred at delivery to non-commissioned officers, so 
Colonel Hamilton, the officer of the day, directed Wilson 
to receive all, and then in turn to deliver them to the ser- 
geants. This is the scene you often see depicted in prints 
and paintings. Then followed the grounding of arms and 
delivery of all accoutrements of the whole of the royal army 
of 7,000 strong; of their stores, equipment, and military 
treasure chest, containing nearly 11,000 dollars in specie. 

In the capital city, Philadelphians first learned the good 
news from their watchman's cry: "Past two o'clock; and 
Cornwallis is taken!" Early next morning congress went 
in solemn procession to church to render thanks to God 
for the delivery of the nation. In England, as well as in 
America, it was felt that independence was consummated. 
Lord North received the news as if it were "a cannon ball 
in his breast." 'Tis well to note Washington's generosity 
in corrunending his officers individually in his general orders 
next day. * * * * 

With such a wreath of patriotic fervor, service and zeal 
as a heritage, we the descendants of the brave founders and 
builders of the grandest government the world has ever 
known, must feel that it is our nation's mission to teach 
men in all parts of the earth what freedom is, and thereby 
institute other Americas in the very strongholds of 
oppression. — Jean Robertson Anderson. 

Copied from "The American ISIonthly Magazine," 
Daughters of the American Revolution. 
154 



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Surrender of Yorktoavn 



"And I want you to remember that in that siege at York- 
town the victory was due very largely to the 7,000 French- 
men who augmented the 9,000 Colonial Troops, and to the 
37 ships of the line out there in the harbor, every one filled 
with Frenchmen. And so I ask you to remember that they 
did not consider the question of religion or an}'thing like 
that, but they came to fight for liberty." 

"Then Liberty, like day. 
Breaks on the soul, and by a 
Flash from Heaven 
Fires all the faculties with glorious joy." 

— Cowper. 



155 



v/oxaaoY -i'l 



4 









.0-Ton finv/ 



Tur JoLRXAL or Colonel Da.mel Tra.bt_l 



Finis 

^"-''"'From Mrs. Cassey Colonel Trabue obtained this 
narrative, and wrote it down at the time. She emigrated 
to Illinois, then to Iowa, with her son Green Cassey — and 
— there both died some four or five years ago. She was 
of the Excellent of the Earth — a pattern Christian. Colonel 
Cassey was a man of Superior talents, and commanding 
appearance, five feet, nine inches high, heavily formed, 
weigliing 200 lbs. yet very active. He was Colonel of 
Militia. A representative member of Kentucky Convention. 
An Assistant Judge, and was very dignified on the Bench. 
Many would resort to him to settle disputes. He did not 
seek office, or he would have commanded almost any 
position. He was of Superior Judgment." 

This note from James Trabue now of St. Louis, Novem- 
ber 28, 1851. 

L. C. Draper. 

[*Note on the original manuscript.] 



I have now finished this "Labor of Love," on the Great 
Atlantic Ocean, as we near Historic Holland's Shore. I 
send this Volume forth trusting that it may be a real hap- 
piness to the various members of the "Trabue" and "Du 
Puy" Families. 

As they read of the noble and self-sacrificing deeds of 
their ancestors, who left their comfortable and beautiful 
homes in Virginia, and came out to help form the new State 
of Kentucky, so many years ago, may we, their children, 
grand-children, and great grand-children treasure anew 
their memories, and feel a justifiable pride in their Records. 

LiLLiE DuPuY Van Culix H.arper. 
(Mrs. Thomas Roberts H.arper) 
r 1921 North 12th St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

April 11th, 1911. 

™This is the last word of Colonel Trabue's manuscript. 
156 



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PART II 






ir T.^A^ 


















&UIU.M2<..!»>. -k • 







MRS. LILLIE DU PLY VAN CULIN HARPER 

Taken as a student at the Woman's Medical College, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Daughter of 
Samuel Ware Van Culin and his wife Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin 



THE HUGUENOTS 



An Account of their Persecution 
IN France, Emigration TO America, 
AND Settlement, Particularly as 
Appertains to Bartholomew 
Du PuY AND His Descendants 







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BTOMaUDUH aUT 



a f/ C J^'Ii ' ;'^:ii or 5 VI (AT «3S ■ V- 



'A SONG OF THE HUGUENOTS" 
By Tho:mas B.ajjingtox Macaulay 



'Oh, weep for Moncontour, 

Oh! weep for the hour 
When the children of darkness 

And evil had power; 
When the horsemen of Valois 

Triumphantly trod 
On the bosoms that bled 

For their rights and their God. 



'Alas ! we must leave thee, 

Dear desolate home, 
To the spearmen of Uri, 

To the shavelings of Rome, 
To the serpent of Florence, 

Tl>e vulture of Spain, 
To the pride of Anjou, 

And the "uile of Lorraine. 



'Oh, weep for Moncontour, 

Oh, weep for the slain 
Who for faith and for freedom 

Lay slaughtered in vain. 
Oh ! weep for the living. 

Who linger to bear 
The renegade's shame, 

Or the exile's despair. 



'Farewell to thy fountain, 

Farewell to thy shades. 
To the song of the youths, 

And the dance of thy maid= 
To the breath of thy garden. 

The hum of thy bees. 
And the long waving line 

Of the blue Pyrenees. 



•'One look, one last look. 

To the cots and the towers, 
To the rows of our vines. 

And the beds of our flowers. 
To the church where the bones 

Of our Fathers decayed. 
Where we fondly had dreamed 

That our ow-n should be laid. 



'Farewell and forever. 

The priest and the slave 
May rule in the halls 

Of the free and the brave ;- 
Our hearths we abandon; — 

Our lands we resign; 
Bid, Father, ive kneel 

To no altar but Thine." 



160 






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CHAPTER I 
THE HUGUENOTS'" 



Their Persecution ix Fraxce — Emigration to South 
Carolina and Virginia — The Settleiient at 
MoNAcoN Town in Virginia — Family Con- 
nections — Generosity oe Colonel Byrd. 

Probably there never has occurred a persecution in the 
history of the Christian Church, and particularly in that 
of the Protestant Church, since the days of Nero, so fraught 
with great results to the world in an industrial, political, 
and religiuui point of view as the merciless Huguenot perse- 
cution of the seventeenth century. The hospitality of Ger- 
many, Holland, England, America, and even Russia, being 
tendered these people persecuted for religion's sake, they 
straightway became the means of transferring to these sev- 
eral countries a crowd of skillful artisans, besides thousands 
of the best blood of France. 

These latter, side by side among the bravest of the fol- 
lowers of Navarre's white plume, had wielded their swords 
in defense of the honor of their land, and their noble blood, 
combined with the spirit of free institutions and the catholic 
air of religious liberty, infused into their every thought, 
and, surrounding them wherever they went, made them val- 
uable subjects in all Protestant lands, and especially desir- 
able in the new Western World. We believe that to no 
element of early foreign emigration is America more 
indebted for the spirit if 1776 than to the Huguenots of 
France. 

From their colonies in Massachusetts, New York, Vir- 
ginia, and South Carolina, have sprung names unrivaled 
in fame and ever spoken with honor, whether they be men- 
tioned in connection with council-hall, battlefield, or pulpit. 
The historian, the biographer, and the poet, will ever delight 

"•Letter in the "Christian Advocate" of Saturday, July 15, 1874, by 
John F. Tarrant. 



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The Huguenots 



to do them honor, just as popular suffrage has always 
delighted to place in their hands the gifts of the highest 
offices. 

Their public record is on the page of history, but many 
interesting incidents connected with their persecution, their 
emigration, and their settlement in America, are known only 
in private family history, and as such have been handed 
do\A-n by family tradition. 

When DOW and then I gather from the lips of age the 
unwritten stories of this people, I wish some old chronicler 
would devote himself to their transcription for the delight of 
generations yet unborn. I have been the happy listener to 
many of these old stories about the Huguenots. A number 
were also in that heroic band of Christians who, in 1690, 
landed ^i ihc then little village of Charleston, S. C. This 
band, numbering in all about seventy families, penetrated 
the interior of the colony and planted the germ of a popu- 
lation whence afterward sprung the Marions, Bayards, 
Laurenses, De Saussures, Legares, Grimkes, Neurilles, 
Gervaises, Rutledges, and other names, famous in the mili- 
tary, civil, literary, and religious annals of that noble State. 

The Huguenot settlement at Monacon Town (I spell it as 
given in an old Account of Virginia, in French, and printed 
in 1707), on the south side of James River, enjoyed favors 
not only at the hands of the Colonial Assembly, but became 
also a marked object of private generosity. 

Pre-eminent among their friends was Colonel Byrd, of 
Westover, a name of no mean celebrity in Old Dominion 
days, and whose family seat and surroundings, together 
with a brief biography, formed the subject of an illustrated 
article, not long since, in Harper's Magazine. I will here 
translate the words of the author of the old French book 
mentioned above, and now in my possession: "I must not 
fail to mention the kindness of Colonel Byrd to these 
unfortunate Protestants. 

"He ever manifested toward them the affection of a 
father, and was ever ready to assist them in every possible 
way. To their assistance' also he directed the influence of 



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The Huguenots 



his prominent friends, specially those occupying high posi- 
tion. He furnished them with grain, and ordered his millers 
to require no toll of tliem. With an unusual zeal and with 
an eloquent voice he represented their case in the Colonial 
Assembly, where he defended their character as a people 
from every aspersion cast upon them by persons not under- 
standing them. 

"He was unceasing in his visits to their settlement and 
in his sincere inquiries into their every want. Such a man 
was surely a blessing to several hundred persons — men, 
women, and children, newly arrived in a land of strangers, 
weighed down by sorrow and suffering, struggling not only 
against hunger, but also against the machinations of evil- 
minded persons disposed to regard them as interlopers. 

"The F^.iv/' God for whom they surrendered all that was 
dear in sunny France raised up this great-souled man for 
their help. Through his efforts almost alone they have 
until now (1702) been sustained in the midst of privations." 

These very persecuted Huguenots, recipients of the kind- 
ness of Colonel Byrd, have their names still represented 
in some of the best families of Old Virginia, and all through 
the South. The names of the Marye, Fontaine, Du Puy, 
Sully, Chasteen, Du Val, Bondurant, Flournoy, Michaux, 
Mumford, Jaquelin, Bernard, Latane, Agie, Dibrell, Fuqua, 
Jeter, Jourdain, Le Grande, Ligon, Maupin, Pasteur, 
Thweatt, Maury, Lanier, and De Jarnette families, all 
originated here. 



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'■^ i 

CHAPTER II i 

The Escape from France of B.-vrtholomew Du Puv 
AND His Wife, Countess Susanne La Villain ^-^ 

We wish to narrate an account of the escape from France 
of the ancestor of the Du Puy family, connected with my 
mother's family by marriage. 

Catherine, that bad woman, and her weak son, the young 
king of France, had deluged the streets of Paris with the 
blood of martyred Huguenots, on the famous St. Bartholo- 
mew's Day, in 1572. But at last they themselves died, and 
the Protestant Bourbon, King of Navarre, became Henry 
the Fourth, King of France. Sagacious, prudent, and wise, 
regarding every Frenchman worthy of protection, he affixed 
his signature, together with the irrevocable seal of State, 
to the solemn Edict of Nantes, proclaiming tolerance to 
every Huguenot in the land. 

For nearly ninety years the Edict remained in force under 
Henry and his two successors, when at last Louis XIV., the 
tool of the Pope and his ministers, revoked it and broke the 
Great Seal. In the year 1685 he issued his decree to sup- 
press the worship, demolish the churches, and banish the 
Protestant ministers, demanding complete renunciation of 
all heretical doctrines on pain of death. The consequence 
was a loss to France of eight hundred thousand of her best 
citizens. 

Among these was one who came subsequently to Monacon 
TowTi, in Virginia, by name Bartholomew Du Puy. I have 
heard the story of his escape from France, and the incidents 
connected with his life when in 1699 or 1700 he came to 
Virginia. He was only eighteen years of age when he 
entered the army of the King of France. Here his intelli- 
gence and fidelity to trust became so prominent in the eyes 
of Louis XIV. that he promoted him to a rank in the Royal- 
household Guard. 

""John F. Tarrant's Letter. 



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Pl'Y, PWE, LE, OR LE PUY-EN-VELAY 

Town of France, department of Haute-I.oire, about 70 miles southwest of 
Lyon; one of the most picturesque towns in Europe. It stands on the steep 
southern slopes of Mt. Anis, from whose summit starts up precipitously the 
huge basaltic mass Rocher de Corneille, crowned by a colossal figure of the 
Virgin, made of captured Russian cannon. The most noted building of Le 
Pay is the cathedral which is a splendid but heavy looking structure of the 
tenth or eleventh century, in the highest part of the town, and remarkable 
for a wonder-working image of the Virgin (Notre Dame duPuy). Lace, bells 
silk and wool are nuinufacturid. 



L_. 



J 



The Huguenots 



Such was the confidence reposed in him by the King, and 
the esteem with which he was regarded, that he was given 
the performance of duties requiring tlie King's own signa- 
ture to orders. This power, intrusted to him, fortunately 
became the instrument by whiclr his escape and that of his 
wife was effected; then tlie unconditional decree against the 
Huguenots was issued. Just before the revocation of the 
Edict of Nantes he had married a Countess, by name 
Susanna La Villain, a name still preserved in the family, 
and had retired to his villa for a short respite from military 
duties. Scarcely had he begun the enjoyment of his rest 
when it was disturbed by one of the King's messengers 
communicating the startling intelligence that the revocation 
of the Edict was unconditional and was to take immediate 
effect, and that he had been commissioned by the King, 
through motives of esteem, to save him and his wife from 
the impending fate of all heretics. 

That dupe of the Jesuits, Madame de Alaintenon and 
Cardinal Mazarin, Louis had determined all should be 
brought into the Catholic Church, or suffer confiscation of 
property and death. The messenger, with all the eloquence 
at his command, urged their submission and their renuncia- 
tion of the Protestant faith, adding to the force of words the 
promise of great benefits from the King upon a ready exhi- 
bition of fidelity to his service and obedience to his orders. 
To all this Du Puy replied that the demand was so unex- 
pected, and the nature of it so important, that a few hours' 
consideration was necessary. 

The priest, thinking hesitation was half consent, readily 
granted his request for time, and went away almost satisfied 
with the success of his mission. As soon as he had with- 
drawn Du Puy sent for the village tailor and asked if he 
could make a suit of livery for his page in six hours. The 
tailor not only asserted his ability, but completed the suit 
and delivered it. In this suit Du Puy disguised his wife, 
put on himself his best uniform, girded on his sword, gath- 
ered up all their money and jewels, a few clothes, not 
omitting their beloved Bibles and Psalm-books, and, mount- 
ing two of their best horses, set out for the frontier. 

165 



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The Huguenots 



For nearly twenty days they thus traveled, and, though 
halted every day by the King's officers, he escaped detection 
by saying he himself was an officer of the King and on 
special duty. At last, when near the line, under suspicion 
of being a Huguenot attempting to escape, then a common 
occurrence, he was arrested. 

Without losing his presence of mind, he showed the offi- 
cer a paper with the King's signature, and, immediately 
snatching it away, drew his sword, demanding by what 
authority he was arrested, and making his position more 
emphatic by demanding an escort to the line. The escort 
was granted. They reached the line, crossed over it into 
Germany, and as soon as they were out of the land of 
persecution, with hearts full of gratitude to the Giver of 
all Good, they sang the forty-sixth Psalm, and offered up a 
sincere prayer of thanksgiving for their escape. 

Probably the Psalm sung by them was one of the para- 
phrases by Clement J^Iarot, for there had, previous to this 
time, been an edition put into French rhyme ("Psaumes 
de David, mis en Rime jrancoise, par Clement Marot et 
Theodore de Beze"). It was of small size, so that the book 
might be concealed in their bosoms, if the Huguenots were 
surprised in their worship while living in France. Du 
Puy remained in Germany fourteen years, and in England 
two years and then came to Monacon Town in 1699 or 
1700. He always occupied a prominent position, not only 
among his exiled fellow-countr}Tnen, but was also highly 
esteemed by the Old Virginians. 

A large and respectable line of descendants scattered 
throughout the Southern States delight to call him their 
ancestor. The sword with which he had fought the battles 
of France was used at the battle of Guilford Courthouse by 
James Du Puy, of Nottoway county, and was for a long 
time in the possession of Dr. John James Du Puy, of Prince 
George county, grandson of James Du Puy. It was this 
sword which gave a subject to John Esten Cooke's article, 
"The Huguenot's Sword," in Harper's Magazine for April, 
1857. By a strange coincidence in the same number of the 
Magazine occurred a story, "The Miser's Curse," founded 












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I 



The Huguenots 



on facts connected with the Baird family, and written by a 
descendant of the subject of our narrative, Miss Eliza A. 
Du Puy, Jaiown widely as the author of "The Huguenot 
Exiles," and other entertaining volumes. 

Dr. William Du Puy, who was the representative of the 
oldest branch of the family, had the sword at the beginning 
of the late war, together with the title-deeds of the property 
in France, and a seal-ring which had been worn by Barthol- 
omew Du Puy. They were hung upon the walls of his 
library, with a framed account of their history. Being a 
gentleman himself, it never occurred to him that any officer 
in the service of the United States would permit such relics 
to be stolen ; but when Petersburg fell they were stolen, and 
no trace of them has ever yet been found. 

Both the Du Puy and De Jarnette families lay claim to 
larf^e estates in France, the latter's claim amounting to 
eleven million francs, but there is no probability of their 
ever deriving any benefit therefrom. 

Miss Eliza A. Du Puy, the authoress, resided in Flem- 
ingsburg, Ky. Other descendants live at Shelbyville and 
Louisville, and others still, in Jefferson Co., Alabama, and 
in Carroll Co., ^lississippi. There are children, grand- 
children and great-grandchildren of Colonel John Du Puy, 
"a fine Old Virginia gentleman." 




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CHAPTER III 

Meaning of the Word Huguenot — The Massacre 

OF St. Bartholomew — Charles IX of Fr.ance. 

Catharine de Medici. 

The Du Puy family were among those who identified 
themselves with the Reformed Religion of France, and 
were called Huguenots. This was a term of reproach, 
meaning confederates or leaguers. 

This word is a corruption of the German Eidgenosseji, 
which means confederates. It was first transferred into the 
French language under the form cqitenots, which subse- 
quently became Huguenots. 

The Reformed Religion made great progress in France. 
The first Protestant Church was established in Paris in 
1555. Others were founded in La Roclielle, Rouen, Anges, 
Blois, and Tours. In 1558 there were 2,000 places of 
worship. These were attended by upwards of 400,000 
persons. 

The Massacre of St. Bartholomew, than which a blacker 
act never stained the pages of history, occurred in Paris at 
6 o'clock in the morning of August 24, 1572. 

It was the inhuman slaughter of the Protestants, which 
from the day of its execution has been called the JMassacre 
of St. Bartholomew. 

The Admiral Coligny, whom the young king really 
admired and respected, together with five hundred noble- 
men and gentlemen, and nearly ten thousand persons of 
inferior rank were cruelly butchered upon this occasion, in 
Paris alone. 

Thirty thousand were put to death in the Provinces. This 
was done by order of Catharine de Medici, a most cruel 
woman, and her weak son, the young King of France, 
Charles IX, who was born 1550, and died May 30, 1574. 

He hoped to e.xterminate at one blow the sect called 
"Huguenots," crying out in a passion, "Kill them all, do 
what you will, provided no one is left to reproach me.". 



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A GENERAL VIEW OF LE PLY, FRANXE 



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The Huguenots 



This King Charles IX. died when he had scarcely com- 
pleted his twenty- fourth birthday. A dangerous affection 
of the lungs frequently bathed his couch in blood, a natural 
consequence of his disease, but this was interpreted by many 
as a sort of retribution for his crime. He suffered fearfully 
from the agonies of remorse in looking back over the atroci- 
ties and crimes that had disgraced his reign. 

At the instigation of Catherine de Medici, the Queen 
Mother of Charles IX., the young Duke Henry of Guise, 
and his two brothers rode at dawn on the morning of St. 
Bartholomew's Day to the residence of the Admiral Coligny, 
and entering the house stabbed the noble man to the heart. 
They then threw his body from the window. 

The great bell clanged from the belfry of St. Germain 
I'Auxerois. This was at 2 o'clock in the morning, and was 
ilic c^pijuiix^cj oit,;.ul fur 'ihe soldiers. The clanging of the 
bell was immediately repeated from every steeple in the 
city. 

The houses had all been previously marked, and all had 
been instructed "to kill every Huguenot in Paris." 

The populace, too, joined with the soldiers, and for three 
days the horrible work went on. The example, thus given, 
was followed by the other French cities, Orleans, Lyons, 
Toulouse, Troyes, and Rouen. 

Neither age, sex, nor rank was spared. The unhappy 
Huguenots were completely taken by surprise, and were 
either butchered in their beds, or overpowered and imme- 
diately dispatched. 

The Queen and her attendants were spectators of the 
appalling scene from the windows of the Louvre. It is said 
that Charles himself, in his bloodthirsty frenzy, repeatedly 
fired upon the fugitives as they attempted to escape along 
the quays of the River Seine. 

It is impossible to estimate the exact number massacred 
through the country, but conservative historians place it as 
high as forty thousand. For a time Protestantism seemed 
to have been stamped out. 

Only one city. La Rochelle, refused to conform, and 
closing its gates defied the King. This city issued so 



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The Huguenots 



triumphantly from its first siege as to wrest from Charles 
IX., August 11, 1573, one of the most favorable treaties 
ever granted to the Huguenots, and which led the way for 
the Edict of Nantes, February 25, 1599. 

By this edict the Reformed Worship was licensed in the 
cities of La Rochelle, Nismes and Montauban; liberty of 
conscience was acknowledged, and the Protestants recovered 
their sequestered estates, offices and honors. 

Here is a little poem, the authorship is, I believe, 
unknown. It speaks very closely to the heart. Some one 
says it was taken from the painting called the "Huguenot 
Lovers," by Sir John jNIillais: 

•' 'You will not wear it? Will not wear my kerchief? 
Nay, do not tell me why. 
I will not listen. If you go without it 
You will go hence to die ! ' 

"He speaks again in mournful tones and tender 

But with unswerving faith: 
'Should not love make us braver, aye, and stronger 
Either for life or death?' 

"And there is silence in the sunny garden 
Until with faltering tone 
She sobs, the while still clinging closer to him, — 
'Forgive me, — go, my own.' " 

The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes took place in 
1685, but the great Huguenot Exodus began in 1681. Hol- 
land and Denmark, England and Sweden held out special 
inducements to these people. 

In Holland they were exempt from all taxes for twelve 
years. In England large sums were raised and money was 
subscribed towards bringing them to the United States. 

Thus there came about such a migration as the civilized 
world has rarely seen. Within twenty years about one hun- 
dred thousand Huguenots fled from their country, and this 
was about seven per cent, of the entire population. 

170 



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The Huguenots 



The Huguenots were something more than immigrants. 
They were refugees. They had been stripped of all human 
rights both civil and religious by the Edict of Nantes in 
1685, and not until the Edict of Toleration in 1787 could 
they claim a full right to liberty of conscience in their 
home-land. 

John Calvin, born at Noyon, in Picardy, 1509, died 1564 
in Geneva, Switzerland, was the great spiritual leader of 
the Huguenots. With great learning he expounded the 
Reformed doctrines in many places in France, and finally 
established himself in Geneva, where he was the head of 
the French Reformation. 



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CHAPTER IV 

St. B^uiTHOLOiiEw's Night — False Security of the 
Huguenots — B.^on de Pont Kellec — Henry 

in AND IV. 

The famous jMassacre of St. Bartholomew's Night 
occurred in Paris on August 24, 1572, and in the provinces 
of France during the ensuing weeks.'-'' During the minority 
of Charles IX, and the regency of his mother, Catherine de 
Medici, a long Civil War waged in France between the 
Catholics and the Huguenots, whose leaders were the Prince 
of Conde and Admiral Coligny. 

The false security of the Huguenots was increased by a 
marri"gc between Henry of Navarre and Margaret, who 
was a sister of Charles IX. Many Huguenots went to 
Paris to attend the wedding in August, 1572. Many his- 
torians differ as to the real instigator of the Massacre, but 
most of them accuse Catharine. Admiral Coligny was 
wounded by a shot from a window of the royal palace on 
August 22, and the general massacre commenced at 2 o'clock 
on Sunday morning, August 24, and continued several 
days. . . . IMontpensier had been no less successful 
in the Palace of the Louvre. The Retinues of the King 
of Navarre and the Prince had been lodged in the Palace 
of the Louvre at King Charles' particular desire. 

The names of these great men were called over, and as 
they descended unarmed into the quadrangle they were he\\'n 
in pieces. There in heaps they fell below the royal ^\-indow, 
under the eyes of the miserable king, who was forced 
forward between his mother and his brother that he might 
be seen as an accomplice of the massacre. Most of the 
victims were killed upon the spot. Some fled wounded up 
the stairs and were slaughtered in the presence of the 
Princesses. 

By 7 o'clock the work which the Duke of Guise and his 
immediate friends had undertaken was finished, with but 

""Philadelphia "Press." 

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The Huguenots 



one failure. Tlie Count ISIontgomery and the Vidame of 
Chartross had escaped to England. Through street and 
lane, and quay and causeway, the air rang with yells and 
curses, pistol shots and crashing windows. 

The roadways were strewn with mangled bodies, the 
doors were blocked with the dead and dying. When at 
1 1 o'clock in the morning, the Prevot Le Charron came to 
inform the king of this epidemic of crime, an edict was 
issued forbidding the continuation of the slaughter; but 
the massacre was prolonged for several days more. The 
number of victims is unknown. Thirty-tive livres were 
paid to the grave digger of the Cemetery of the Innocents 
for the interment of 1,100 corpses, but many were thrown 
into the River Seine. 

In summing up this terrible Bartholomew night, it must 
be considered that in that age the idea prevailed that 
religious dissentients were properly to be put to death as 
foes of God, and persecution was justified on all hands; 
and the perpetrators of the massacre believed they were 
justified in what they had done. 

Among those who fell at Paris was the Baron de Pont 
Kellec, who had but recently married Catherine Soubise de 
Parthenay, and unlike most of the victims died fighting 
hard for his life. It was said that he had been offered the 
white badge, which would have proclaimed him a Catholic, 
but that he scorned to save himself that way. Charles IX 
was succeeded by his brother, Henry III, 1574-1589. He 
was assassinated August 2, 1589, by Jacques Clement, a 
half insane Dominican Monk. 

Henry IV., born 1552, King of France and Navarre, suc- 
ceeded Henry III from August 2, 1589 to May 14, 1610. He, 
too, was assassinated by a Jesuit, Francois Ravaillac, when 
58 years of age, who struck him the second time, thus pene- 
trating the King's heart. He instantly expired. This was 
done because of his defiance of the Pope, and his toleration 
of the Protestants. This man, Francois Ravaillac, was 
afterwards tortured that he might reveal his accomplices, 
but he was executed May 27, 1610, amid the execrations 
of the populace, without making any revelations, and under 

173 



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the vague notion that he was the predestined instrument to 
carry out the will of heaven. 

Catherine de Navarre, the King's sister, also remained 
faithful to the religion of her noble mother, Jeanne D'Albret, 
but she died in 1604, the last of the Protestant Bourbons. 
She was daughter of ISIarguerite of Valois, one of the first 
Queens to accept the reformed religion. After the accession 
of Henry IV., the French people lived in a state of com- 
parative peace until 1621, when the Protestants, who had 
been gradually recovering from the crushing blow of the 
massacre (1572) began to grow uneasy under the increas- 
ing restrictions which were placed upon them by the son 
and successor of Henry IV., Louis XIII, born September 
27, 1601; died May 14, 1643, scarcely 42 years of age. 
He was as insignificant a king as ever sat on the French 
throne, but the power behind the throne was never so for- 
midable. 

This power was Cardinal Richelieu, also the King's 
mother, Mary de ISIedici, who died in exile at Cologne in 
1642. Cardinal Richelieu was a man whose single aim, 
towards which he marched unwearyingly, irresistibly, tri- 
umphantly, all his life, was the strengthening of the mon- 
archy. Henry IV., King of France and Navarre, had 
united France, torn by religious wars, and had given to the 
French people the Edict of Nantes, February 25, 1599. 

This document was a very memorable and important one. 
It gave to the Huguenots security, and to the country peace; 
but the old hatreds festered like wounds whose cure was 
only skin deep. Sagacious, prudent and wise, Henry IV. 
regarded every Frenchman worthy of protection, and affixed 
his signature, together with the irrevocable Seal of State, 
to the solemn "Edict of Nantes." He subscribed to it Feb- 
ruary 15, 1598. This Edict was bitterly denounced and 
resisted by the clergy and all zealous Catholics, but was 
ultimately registered bv the Parliament of Paris, Februarv 
25, 1599. 






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COLOSSALE STATUE OF THE VIRGIN AND CHILD 
AT LE PUY, FRANCE 



3<V<. 



CHAPTER V '•■">'- ' ^^■ 

The Time of Toleration — New Rochelle — Montau- 

BAN — Louis du Bois — King Louis XIV. 

OF France. 

The Edict of Nantes, promulgated at this time, 1599, 
established, with but few restrictions, universal liberty, and 
equality as to religious profession and worship. All towns 
were permanently secured to the Protestants which they had 
obtained by the Edict of 1577. There were in number 
about seventy-five of them, and included such important 
cities as New Rochelle, Grenoble and Castres. The Protes- 
tants were to be admitted on equal terms to all public employ- 
ments and dignities, military and civil. Annis, the smallest 
of the thirty-three provinces into which the kingdom of 
France was at that time divided, may be called the birth- 
place of American Huguenots. It was a part of Saintonge 
which had been cut off from that province and appended to 
the city of La Rochelle in the fourteenth century. 

It contained some seven hundred square miles and was 
a suburb of its great seaport. La Rochelle, which had been 
the stronghold of Protestants for seventy years, and 
although despoiled of many of its ancient honors, was still 
the home of many of their wealthiest, and most influential 
families. 

This city had early welcomed the "new doctrines" 
preached by Calvin's disciples and known as "The Re- 
ligion," as Calvinism was called. Among the first to em- 
brace the evangelical faith were not a few of the monks and 
priests. In the course of the civil wars that followed 1562, 
La Rochelle became the rallying point of the nobles and the 
citadel of the Huguenot party. It was the vigilance alone 
of its citizens that saved them from sharing in the massa- 
cre that commenced in Paris on St. Bartholomew's Day. 

Their heroic bravery enabled them to resist the assaults 
of the royal army for nine months during the siege of 1573. 
Famous for the strength, intelligence and morality of its 
175 



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The Huguexots 



people, La Rochelle became the pride of French Protestant- 
ism. Its "Grand Temple," the cornerstone of which had 
been laid by the Prince of Conde, was crowded in these 
days with vast congregations, that hung upon the earnest 
and fearless eloquence of the most learned and able pastors 
of the Reformed Church. 

It also had its college, founded in 1565, and endowed by 
Jeanne d'Albret, the mother of Henry IV., Catherine of 
Navarre; this drew to itself some of the most eminent 
scholars of the age. Its printing presses were noted for 
their rare activity; and enormous quantities of Protestant 
literature were issued and scattered broadcast over all of 
Europe. Thus it was the center of a free and vigorous 
intellectual life, and was chosen for the holding of several 
of the National Assemblies of the Huguenot party, and of 
the ecclesiastical assemblies of the Reformed churches. 

In 1629 the King issued an Edict of Pardon, which in 
effect was an abridgment of the Edict of Nantes. On 
August 21, Montauban, the last Huguenot stronghold sur- 
rendered, and the struggle of the Huguenots in France, by 
force of arms, was at an end. The gallant Duke de Rohan, 
the last great Huguenot military leader, who had so suc- 
cessfully withstood the King in 1615, laid down his arms, 
and died dispirited and broken-hearted in a foreign land. 
In spite of many difficulties the Huguenots succeeded in 
holding three, of their National Svnods between 1631 and 
1645. 

In 1652 was issued a proclamation which re-established 
the Huguenots in their rights, and for four years (until 
1656) they enjoyed comparative tranquillity. This year, 
at a convocation of Catholic clergy, a new crusade was 
instituted against them which did not cease, but grew in 
fanatical virulence, under the direction of Papal agents, 
until it culminated in the revocation of the Edict of 
Nantes, 1685. 

November 10, 1659, they held their last National S\'nod, 
and when they adjourned, two months later, January 10th, 
1660, the ecclesiastical organization of the Reformed 
Church of France was virtually destroved after an existence 



The Huguenots 



of about one hundred years. In 1660 a party of Walloons, 
led by Louib du Bois, made up their minds to remove from 
the banks of the Rhine to the Hudson River in New York. 
They settled in Esopus, in what is now Ulster County, and 
there made the new towns of Kingston, and New Paltz. 
These names came from the Rhine in Germany. In 1661, 
at the age of 18, Louis XIV. took the government of 
France into his owii hands, and in the same year entered 
into a series of measures to undermine and neutralize ''The 
Edict of Nantes." In 1662 a colony of Huguenots was 
formed upon Staten Island. In May, 1665, was passed the 
ordinance authorizing the priest, in company with an officer, 
to appear before the sick and induce them to abjure their 
faith. 

In 1666 a new set of regulations, comprising 59 articles, 
was issued. These so invaded the rights of humanity as 
to provoke remonstrances from several Protestant sover- 
eigns in whose continued friendship Louis XIV. was inter- 
ested. These remonstrances had some effect, and the most 
inhuman of these were revoked in 1669. In the year 1666 
the first emigration of the Huguenots took place, and in a 
short time thousands sought refuge in foreign lands. 

In 1676 Louis XIV., who professed to have given up 
the immoralities of his already scandalous court, sought to 
show his reform by the extermination of all heresy. This 
was the beginning of the end of the horrible tragedy under 
the guise of Christian religion. In 1679 all his courtiers 
vied with each other in anticipating the evil designs of the 
King. Then were the most shocking atrocities committed. 
The situation was now terrible, thousands sought relief by 
flight. All Protestant Europe was aroused in behalf of 
the sufferers; England, Holland, Switzerland and Demnark 
offered an asylum to the refugees. 

Great pressure was brought to bear on the King, but 
petitions were ignored and eminent men turned away. The 
heart of the grandson of Henry of Navarre, the Promul- 
gator of the Edict of Nantes, was rendered callous by the 
corruption of his court and the influence of a fanatical 
priesthood. 

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CHAPTER VI 

The Persecution of the Huguenots — Privas the 

HuGUEXOT Garrison — Address of John Jay, 

Result of Researches at Dortrecht, 

Holland. 

At Privas, the Huguenot garrison, eight hundred in num- 
ber were put to the sword under the most atrocious circum- 
stances. In 1627 Louis XIII. ordered the complete destruc- 
tion of the fair city of La Rochelle, and after sustaining the 
siege, which lasted for more than a year it capitulated 
October 28, 1628. The special privileges which the city 
had enjoyed for so m.iny years were abrogated; it had also 
lost two-thirds of its citizens. The "Grand Temple" of 
the Protestants was converted into a Cathedral Church. 
These things were done by Cardinal Richelieu, who could 
have tolerated the religion of the Huguenots, but could not 
tolerate their strength. 

The descendants of the Huguenots who may visit the 
quaint old city at the present day will find not a few of the 
characteristics that were familiar to the generation that fled 
from it to the new world two centuries ago. The streets 
are narrow and tortuous and derive a quaint and sombre 
aspect from the long porches or arcades that border them 
on either side. Opening upon this covered sidewalk, the 
entrance to a Huguenot dwelling of the olden time was 
often distinguishable by some pious inscription, frequently 
a text of Scripture, or a verse from Clement Marot's Psalms 
to be read over the doorway.* Some of these inscriptions 
are still legible. Small and severely plain this doorway led 
often to the dwelling that abounded with evidences of 
wealth and taste, the upper stories of which were orna- 
mented with rich carvings in wood and stone. 

♦Previous to this time had appeared a small edition of the Psalms 
paraphrased by Clement Marot, in French rhyme ("Psaumes de David 
mis en Rime francoise. par Clement Marot et Theodore de Beze"). It 
was of small size so that the Huguenots could conceal it in their bosoms 
if surprised in their worship. 

178 



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THE GATE OF SAINT GEORGE 
AT LE PUY, FRANCE 



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The Huguenots 



"Before, there had been simply ill feeling and a disposi- 
tion to constantly annoy the Protestants, now, however, all 
was to be changed. In October of the year 1685, there was 
the bloody and determined purpose, armed with all the 
power of the royal edict and the loyal troops, to massacre 
every Protestant, whether man or woman, boy or girl, who 
would not make a public abjuration of his or her faith, 
and receive the sacrament at the hands of a priest. By the 
autumn of 1685 all was in readiness, and now the fire was 
to break out in all its terrible fury. The infamous decree 
revoking the Edict of Nantes, which had been an edict of 
Toleration, was thundered from Paris throughout the whole 
of France. There was no time for delay, almost no time to 
escape. 

The troops descended like an avalanche upon the prov- 
ince of Sanitogne with the sword in one hand and the sacra- 
ment in the other, and cried "Abjure! abjure! partake of 
the host or prepare for instant death!" Intoxicated with 
blood these men seemed to have lost their senses in the 
sensual and devilish career of murder. They have free reign 
to their brutal and bloody instincts; torture and death 
seemed to precede tliem and follow in their wake like blood- 
hounds. The Huguenots upon whom they were let loose 
had no redress whatsoever. They beat them, they burned 
them alive, half roasting some and then letting them loose; 
hanging some to hooks in chimneys and then smoking them 
with burning straw until they were suffocated. 

They dipped others in wells and poured wine down their 
mouths until they died — exhausting everywhere the direst 
cruelties, and all in the name of Christ. Oh! poor, poor, 
misguided human nature! "It was reserved," said Presi- 
dent John Jay, in his address before the Huguenot Society 
of America, October 22, 1885, "for that most Christian and 
grand monarch Louis XIV, to renew the persecution of the 
Huguenots by a crime of similar magnitude (referring to 
the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, 1572), and with folly 
without a parallel to lose for France — 1666-1686 — by 
179 






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The Huguenots 



means similarly atrocious, hundreds of thousands of these 
same heretics, '.vho carried industry, intelligence and pros- 
perity, light, truth, and happiness to other lands in their 
efforts to escape." 

Of the number lost to France 300,000 to 400,000 would 
be a conservative account, and fully as many more per- 
ished in prisons, on the scaffolds, at the galleys, and some 
of these refugees drifted to the uttermost parts of the earth. 
The Huguenot Colony at Cape Town, South Africa, is a 
notable example. Twelve to thirteen hundred of them were 
seen to pass through Geneva, in Switzerland, in one week. 
But the Revocation did not crush Protestantism in France. 
Louis XIV was self-deceived. These very atrocities raised 
up friends for the Huguenots. In this connection we record 
a circumstance which doubtless sent many a Huguenot to 
America. In 1890, when Henry S. Dodderer, of Philadel- 
phia, Pa., was making researches in the archives of Dor- 
trecht, in Holland, he discovered a printed list of Huguenot 
galley slaves who had been released by order of Louis XIV. 
of France, on condition that they leave the realm. 

Beside the name of each victim was given his official 
number, and the term of years he had suffered. This list 
is not only a silent witness of the many years of suffering, 
but also of the great number of the Huguenot galley slaves. 
The highest number appearing was Yean Guillaume (John 
Williams) 39,336. A number had already served a period 
of twenty-seven years. 

Can anyone begi7i to comprehend the significance of these 
figures? Among these names are found those of Barree, 
Beyer, Bertrand, Durand, Mallet, Perrier and others. 
These Huguenot heroes could well repeat the beautiful 
lines: 

THE ETERNAL GOODNESS. 

" . I see the wrong that round me lies, 

' I feel the guilt within; 

I hear, with groan and travail-cries, 
The world confess its sin. 






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Yet in the maddening maze of things, 

And to?sed by storm and flood, 
To one fixed state my spirit dings: 

I know that God is good. 

The wrong that pained my soul below, ' ''' 

I dare not throne above : 
I know not of His hate — I know 

His goodness and His love. 

No offering of my own I have, 

Nor works my faith to prove; 
I can but give the gifts He gave, 

And plead His love for love. 

And so beside the Silent Sea 

I wait the muffled oar; 
No harm from Him can come to me 

On ocean or on shore. 

I know not where His islands lift ■ 

Their fronded palms in air; 
I only know I cannot drift • ■. . i 

Beyond His love and care. 
. .', John Greenleaf Whittier. 

In 1699 a brief for a collection in behalf of the Huguenot 
Protestant Refugees was issued in England by King Will- 
iam HI. The proceeds amounted to the very large sum of 
nearly £12,000 ($60,000.00). From time to time "dis- 
bursements were made to these persecuted people to help 
them in their transportation to Virginia, or some other of 
his Majesty's Plantations." "The expenses of transporta- 
tion to America were usually borne by the Relief Commit- 
tee in London. In fact no small part of the Royal bounty 
— the English people's bounty — went to pay the passage of 
the Refugees across the ocean." 



81 




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ini' CHAPTER VII 

The Influence of the Huguenots — The Loss to 

France of the Huguenots — Their Wonderful 

Contributions to the New World 

After these terrible days of blood, murder, and rapine 
one hundred thousand persons were put to the sword, and 
above five hundred thousand sought shelter in Europe. 
Thus this vast number of the most useful, and industrious 
citizens of France's most populous cities were lost to the 
various industries of that country. For all who could left 
the Empire, taking with them what money and valuables 
they could, and what was of far wore value, their knowledge 
of many of the useful arts, and manufactures. 

The Huguenots were of the best blood of France, the 
flower of the nobility, and of the middle classes. The in- 
fusion of this element into the Anglo-Saxon stock, has 
enriched and strengthened it, still further fertilizing, as it 
were, the original vigorous soil, by a foreign soil, rich in 
elements of its own. 'T have heard it stated that to no 
element of early foreign emigration is America more in- 
debted for the spirit of 1776 than to the Huguenots of 
France. From their colonies in ^Massachusetts, New York, 
Virginia, and South Carolina have sprung names unrivaled 
in fame, and ever spoken with honor, whether they be men- 
tioned in connection with council-hall, battle field or pulpit. 
The historian, the biographer, and the poet w'ill ever delight 
to do them honor!"' 

Louis XIV. conferred on Protestant countries a blessing 
far beyond his intention when by the Revocation of the 
Edict of Nantes he banished from his kingdom his best 
subjects. The United States owes this tyrant an incalcu- 
lable debt of gratitude for the tide of Huguenot emigration 
which he turned to its shores. The American Colonies 
were recruited by the best blood, the most intelligent minds, 
and the most dauntless courage of old France. 
182 



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In his mistaken policy, the king followed the design of 
Cardinal Richelieu and tried to make Canada an ex- 
clusively Catholic country by barring out the Huguenots 
from the land he was so desirous to settle. If they had not 
been so excluded the \'alley of the St. Lawrence would never 
have become an English settlement. 

IMultitudes fled to other lands, leaving all their property 
to be confiscated, severing all the ties that bound them to 
their country and their race, carrying with them the virtues 
that were to contribute immensely to the worth and pros- 
perity of the peoples that received them. The pall of night 
settled down upon France. Her expatriated sons enriched 
the literature, built up the commerce, and brought prosper- 
ity to the other lands, by the true nobility of the Huguenot 
character. By official proclamation England, Holland, 
Switzerland and Denmark offered asylums to the refugees. 
Thousands entered the military services of other lands. 
England alone organized eleven regiments of Huguenot 
soldiers. 

Of the army of William of Orange, numbering 11,000, 
that sailed from Holland, and by whose aid he obtained 
the crown of England, three regiments each containing 
seven hundred and fifty effective men, were Huguenots. To 
these were added a Huguenot squadron of horse. There 
were also about seven hundred Huguenot officers distributed 
among the battalions of the army. In gratitude to these 
zealous and effective supporters, and to the multitude of 
their suft"ering brethren, driven from their homes and native 
country simply for the sake of their religion, the King — 
William of Orange — invited them to make their home in 
new dominions. 

Many such soon turned their eyes towards America, and 
so came to its friendly shores. The French Church at Bris- 
tol, England, was composed of a great number of the 
Huguenot refugees. It was established in 1687, and its 
members came from La Rochelle, Nantes, and the Provinces 
of Saintonge, Poitou and Guyenne, France. There was one 
at Greenwich, England. Also one at Ph-mouth. That of 
Stonehouse, County of Devon, erected in 1692, had for its 
183 



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first pastors Stephen ^Nlolenier, Joseph do Maure, and 
Fauriel. There was one at Chelsea, also at Hammersmith, 
near London, also that of Thorpe, County of Essex, that 
of Exeter, that of Dartmouth, that of Barnstable. The vil- 
lages of Picardy and Champagne, situated in the Canton of 
Petite Pierre, have kept their French names to this day, 
which contrast with the German villages which surround 
them. 



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INTERIOR OF THE CHAPEL SAINT-MICHEL, 
LE PUY, FRANCE 



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^.^i!i .., CHAPTER VIII 

B.-UiTHOLOMEW Du PuY, HiS POSITION UnDER IvING 

Louis XIV. — King Louis' Message to Du Puy. 

Bartholomew Du Puy, born 1653; died 1732. In 
French, Bartlicleniei Du Puy. A young farmer of fine 
estate. Came from Sedan, in the province of Champagne. 
He left France in 1685; Germany, 1699; England, 17"00; 
arrived in Virginia, 1700. He was born in Upper Langue- 
doc. A young man of estates and a lieutenant of the Body- 
guard of the King, Louis XIV. of France. His father had 
died young. He was much honored and respected. At 
eighteen years of age (1671) he entered the military serv- 
ice of King Louis XIV., born 1643, died 1715. He was 
high in the favor and confidence of the king and soon be- 
came lieutenant. He was then transferred to be Captain of 
the Royal Household Guard, on account of faithful service; 
and remained there fourteen years, during which he fought 
in as many pitched battles in Flanders (1682). He was 
frequently charged with duties of such importance that his 
orders bore the signature and seal of the king himself, and 
the possession of one of these orders aided him subsequently 
in effecting his escape from France. Du Puy always bore 
the good will of the king, and retained his royal favor, 
although known to be a staunch Huguenot. 

In 1681 the king deprived the Huguenots of their civil 
rights. For nearly ninety years the Edict of Nantes had 
remained in force under Henry and his two successors, 
when at last Louis XIV., the tool of the Pope and his min- 
isters, revoked it and broke the Great Seal. King Louis 
determined that all should be brought into the Catholic 
Church, or suffer confiscation of property or death. The 
consequences were a loss to France of nearly 800,000 of 
her best citizens. In 1682 Du Puy retired from the army 
and the service of the king and married the young Countess 
Susanne La Villain, born 1663, who was also a Huguenot. 



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He took up his abode with his ^Yife in his chateau at 
Saintoigne, one of the western provinces of France. Count- 
ess Susanne La Villain, born 1663. Married 1682, in 
France, to Barthelemei Du Puy. Died 1737, in Manniken- 
town, Virginia. A lovely young Countess of high rank in 
the court of Louis XIV. 

In 1685 the Protestants were deprived of all rights and 
left wholly unprotected. 



KING LOUIS MESSAGE TO DU PUY. 

Soon after the Edict of Nantes, which was one of tolera- 
tion, and had been given by King Henry IV. to his Prot- 
estant subjects in 1599, was revoked. King Louis XIV. 
sent the Cure i^ymer of a neighboring village, who was a 
personal friend of Du Puy's, with six armed men, to see 
him. At the sight of this force Du Puy drew his sword, but 
the priest entreated him to forbear, inasmuch as resistance 
would be hopeless. The Cure then said "The King, from 
motives of interest, desired Du Puy to abjure his creed, 
stating that a compliance would be rewarded with prefer- 
ment at the hands of His Majesty." 

The Cure labored with him for over two hours to undo 
his Protestant convictions. This man was a worthy gentle- 
man, and much attached to Du Puy, who had befriended 
him in former times, and he now came with honest endeavor 
to make his friend abjure and become a Catholic. The 
King had sent this man through personal esteem for Du 
Puy to try to save him and his wife from the fate of all 
heretics. 

Du Puy asked for time in which to reflect upon the mat- 
ter. He was soon after visited by a detachment of troops, 
who demanded his abjuration, under penalty of arrest and 
its well known consequences. The king having granted Du 
Puy and his family an amnesty, he approached the officer, 
holding the manuscript in his hands. It read: 

"These to our trusty and well beloved Bartholomew Du 
Puy, one of our Guardsmen, who has an amnesty granted 



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hira, with all his household, until the First day of Decem- 
ber. Any rinnoyance to the said Seigneur Du Puy will be 
at the peril of the Officers, who commands it. Such is our 
royal will, and moreover, we pray our said trusty friend 
Du Puy to abjure his heresy, and return to the Bosom of 
the Holy Church, in which alone is rest. 

Done at Versailles this 30th day of October, in the year 
1685. 

!■' '. ■ ■ ■ /.«\:' ;.):-". :: :■:, ; ■' "LOUIS." 

"To the Seigneur Barthelemei Du Puy at his chateau of 
Velours in Saintogne. — These, in haste. — Ride!" 

When the Officer read to the King's name and seal he 
bowed sullenly, and handing back the parchment he with- 
drew. The King's command was that of a divinity. No 
man in the realm, however great or powerful, dreamed for 
a moment of disobeying it. 



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'.li.a- CHAPTER IX 

Preparations for Flight by Bartholomew Du Puy 
AND His Wiee. 

Du Puy now saw that they had but a few hours in which 
to make their escape. Flight was inevitable. As the 
Huguenots were powerless to defend themselves, and sub- 
mission to persecution could accomplish no practical good, 
Du Puy wisely availed himself of the short respite to make 
arrangements for the flight of himself and his young wife, 
into Protestant Germany. Fie sent for the village advocate, 
and sold him his cliateau for one-fourth its value. 

He then called the village tailor, and asked if he could 
make a complete suit for a gentleman's page in six hours. 
The tailor agreed to do so, and hastened away. Du Puy 
made his final and hasty arrangements to leave that night at 
midnight. They were to leave country, friends and family 
possessions for the faith they held so dear! 

When the tailor, ]\Iessire Poutigot, brought the page's 
suit that he had agreed to make, he was given thrice its 
value. It was of golden brown velvet and broadcloth, and 
consisted of a coat slashed and decorated with embroidery, 
and a long waistcoat buttoned nearly to the chin, beneath 
which a snowy ruffle just revealed itself; loosely-fitting knee 
breeches, and a pair of Spanish shoes, reaching midway to 
the knee. 

Their flexible tops of chamois leather could easily be 
pulled up to protect the delicate limbs in riding, for this 
was the disguise of the fair young Countess. Her beautiful 
sunny hair was quickly coiled and secured beneath the dark 
velvet cap, with its floating feather. This, with a hand- 
some long cloak depending from one shoulder, completed 
the costume. 

Bartholomew wore the uniform of the king. He was 
about thirty years of age, lofty of stature, and with the 
eagle eye of one born to command. Beneath his long dark 
cloak, could be seen at times, the uniform of an officer of the 



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Royal Guardsmen of his Majesty, Louis XIV., and around 
his \vaist was buckled a sword. 

This was the sword of his ancestors, worn in fourteen 
pitched battles and as many duels. It was an ancient relic 
of singular appearance. It was at least three feet long, and 
of spear-like form, being of a form and pattern now obso- 
lete. The workmanship was plain, but the old brand 
seemed to be intended far more for actual bloody use than 
for mere ornament. The blade was straight and three-sided 
throughout its entire length, like the modern bayonet; at 
the guard it was very stout, but it rapidly diminished in 
thickness for about eight inches, when it became very slen- 
der. This construction combined a perfect poise with 
lightness and great strengtli. 

This same sword was worn in the Revolutionary War by 
Captain James Du Puy, Sr., of Nottaway County, Virginia. 
Captain Du Puy was a grandson of the old Huguenot Bar- 
tholomew Du Puy.'*' Captain James Du Puy, with his 
brothers, Captain John Du Puy and Lieutenant Peter Du 
Puy, all served in the same regiment of Virginia Infantry. 
Captain James Du Puy wore the sword at the famous 
battle of Guilford County Court House, March 15, 1781, 
(which battle crippled Cornwallis, and made possible the 
surrender of the same at Yorktown, the following October). 

The original scabbard had been lost, and that into which 
the sword had been thrust, had been picked up upon the 
field referred to above, and from its beautiful silver mount- 
ing, and peculiar workmanship, must have belonged to a 
British Officer, who lost, or, threw it away during that en- 
gagement. 

Captain Du Puy used it upon that occasion with good 
vigor, and drank the blood of more than one enemy of the 
American cause. This was, however, no new thing for this 
old sword, as it had been wielded on two continents, and 
we are assured "always with honor," and in a worthy cause. 
This famous sword of Bartholomew Du Puy's was long 

"'Captain James Du Puy was the son of John Bartholomew Du Puy 
and Esther Guerrant Du Puy, and grandson of the old Huguenot Bartholo- 
mew Du Puy, and his wife, Countess Susanne La Villain Du Puy. 






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treasured as an heirloom in the Du Puy family, but was 
fmally lost in a raid of the Federal Troops near Peters- 
burg, Virginia, during our Civil War, 1861-1865. 

Its owner, John James Du Puy, of Davidson College, 
INIechlenburg Co., North Carolina, who was a grandson of 
James Du Puy of Revolutionary fame, served in the cavalry 
of the "Lost Cause," and wias obliged to wear a sword of a 
modern pattern. He left the sword in the charge of his 
cousin, Mrs. Julia Ruffin, Prince Co., Virginia, whose resi- 
dence and its contents were burned to the ground by the 
raiders, and so the sword was destroyed. i\Irs. Ruffin 
escaped, as she had fled from the house. 



J ,v!lri:.';1 n.''^!' uO. -'Kl n'l niool 



;';• . CHAPTER X ■ , r,: ' 

The Flight from France of Bartholomew Du Puy. 
His Death. 

We now return, in our narrative to the flight of the noble 
Du Puy and his brave wife. It was nearing midnight, and 
time was pressing hard. But ere they descended to the 
courtyard, they stood together for a few minutes resolute, 
yet speechless, and took a last fond look at the portraits of 
their ancestors. Beneath the long cloak Bartholomew car- 
ried the bag of gold, the price of his fine estate, and under 
his belt he had placed a brace of heavily loaded pistols. 

The Countess carried all their jewels, her Bible and 
Psalmbook, also some bread and wine. But fears hastened 
their departure, and ere they should be detained they 
mounted in the dead of night two picked horses, strong and 
fleet, and disappeared through the woodlands, thus com- 
mencing their perilous ride. 

Their flight, however, was soon discovered, and dragoons 
with troops were sent in hot pursuit to recapture them. They 
were not so well mounted as were Du Puy and the Countess. 

Being overtaken, a skirmish ensued in which the Countess 
was struck full in the breast by a ball which stunned her. 
Du Puy, cool and fearless, emptied both pistols with fatal 
results to Captain and his Lieutenant, who fell from their 
horses. In the terrible confusion which ensued Du Puy 
seized the reins of his wife's bridle, and putting spurs to the 
horses soon passed out of sight. Arriving at a little knoll 
the Countess took from her bosom the book of Psalms, ex- 
claiming, "See, husband, the ball struck this. I am unhurt! 
God has spared me to you." "Praise the Lord; oh! my 
soul ! " cried the Huguenot. "Blessed be His holy name ! I 
would not have survived you, but would have turned and 
died yonder in the midst of our enemies; but now we are 
saved, let us fly." 

And so Du Puy and the Countess urged their fine animals 
to furious speed, without stopping for food, looking upon 

191 



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The Huguenots 



every side for enemies, trembling and praying, even during 

their headlong career, to the God of their faith to preserve 

them, and conduct them to a land of safety, weary and faint, 

Th. y I with no thought of yielding. In this manner did the tired 

Then, : i< fugitives pass over league after league, and through province 

whfiv-c- t: after province, for 20 days, and finally neared the frontier. 

Lcftki •!-. They w^ere stopped almost daily, but Du Puy always 

i.iT'i f '■■' ■ escaped by saying he was the King's Officer and on the 

i:i.'>- ■ King's business. 

As they approached the border they were still again 
halted and interrogated by the troops who had been sta- 
tioned on the various roads to intercept the Protestant Fugi- 
tives. Du Puy's uniform, however, was considered sufficient 
passport, and with occasional comments upon the beauty 
■ ' _. ' and feminine appearance of his Page, permission was 

accorded to pass on. 
'"''''- '''.' At the outpost or Custom House, a very vigilant officer 

:"•'"' " '- demanded his warrant for passing. Plolding out with one 

■ ■_ hand a document so opened as to display the signature and 
'/■ / seal of the king, and quickly drawing his sword with the 
" ■ ' other, he said, "Now ^lessire Dragoon, I am one of the 
'"':■'.','.'■ King's Guardsmen, as you see by my uniform, and I am 
'■' ' ' ' on the king's business. You stop me at your peril." "Pass 
'■'' ' ' ' Messire, and pardon my challenge." 

'''■' ' He also demanded of the astonished officer an apology 

j J '',.„. for the interruption, and coolly required of him to furnish 
an escort and guide to the boundary of France. After eight- 
een days the frontier was reached, and the escort dis- 
missed. They entered a dense forest and knew they had 
reached Protestant Germany. And there in the silent wood 
they knelt and offered up a prayer to God of gratitude and 
, ' , ' , thanksgiving for their great deliverance from a cruel death. 

■ , ^ They used the words of their favorite Psalm 40th (or 46th), 

"I waited patiently for the Lord, and He inclined unto me, 
■ " and heard my cry," said the soldier. "He brought me up 

out of an horrible pit, and the miry clay, and set my feet 
',' ' upon a rock. He called me, — then said I, Lo, I come." 

' '■ "Withhold not Thy tender mercies from me, oh, Lord," 

*''-■'■ murmured the Countess, "Let Thy loving kindness and Thy 

192 



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truth continually preserve me." Thus prayed a strong man 
and a devoted woman. Then ro^e in silence and went on 
their way. 

They remained in Germany fourteen years — 1685-1699. 
Then stayed two years in England — 1699-1700, from 
whence they sailed for America in the year 1700 A. D., and 
settled in Virginia, with two hundred others in King Will- 
iam's Parish, on the south side of the James River, "twenty 
miles above Richmond," at Manikintown. 

THE DEATH OF BARTHOLOMEW DU PUY. 

Many years had now passed since Bartholomew Du Puy 
and his young wife, the Countess, had sailed from London 
to the little settlement in the New World. In Manikin- 
town, on the south bank of the beautiful James River, an 
aged soldier lay upon his deathbed. It was the noble Du 
Puy, of Saintogne, France. Those around him watched 
the shadows gathering, and cries of sorrow broke from the 
little group. But suddenly he spoke, and silence reigned 
supreme, "Do not cry, my Susanne, I am only going home, 
whither you, my true wife, will soon follow me. T waited 
patiently for the Lord and He inclined unto me, and heard 
my cry, blessed be His name.' In Him, and the Blessed 
Jesus is my trust, I, who have lived and now die a true 
Huguenot." Then continued the oying gentleman to his 
children, "To you I bequeath an untainted name. Jaccjues 
(Captain James), my son, take my old sword there, and 
make use of it in a good cause only. It has never been 
drawn in a bad one. Fight for your country and your faith. 
So God shall bless you. Imitate your godfather, Jacques 
de la Fontaine, of noble memory. And now, my children, 
take my blessing." 

He died as he had lived, a true Huguenot. No other or 
better epitaph is needed. The old Huguenot, Bartholomy 
Du Puy, and his wife, lived many years (thirty-two) in 
their new home. He died in 1732, leaving sons and 
daughters and a memory cherished with just pride by 

193 



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The Huguenots 



a posterity whose name is "legion." These children and 
grand-children settled in Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, 
Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Kansas, Arkan- 
sas, Colorado, Texas and California. 



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This very beautiful painting is in the .Musee, in the Cathedral, Le Puy, France 



CHAPTER XI 

The Huguenot Settlement in the New World. 
Oxford — Boston — The Ja:mes Rlver Settle- 
ment OF 600 Refugees — Salem, 
New Jersey — Col. Byrd. 

In 1686, a French Colony was organized at New Oxford, 
having received 11,000 acres of land. The same year a 
French churcli was organized at Boston. The colony at 
New York was augmented by so great a number of fugitives, 
that tlie French church of that town became for some time 
the metropolis of Calvinism, in the New World. Among 
its most notable members were John Barberie, and Abra- 
ham Jonneau. The principal heads of families were 
Stephen de Lancey. . . . Vincent, Du Puy. A very 
large number of Huguenots found an asylum in Virginia, 
and their descendants have borne a conspicuous part in 
the development of that State. 

The first arrivals were by way of England, under the 
patronage of the king, in 1690. The second Expedition 
arrived in 1699, under the leadership of Philip de Riche- 
bourg, a French nobleman. This expedition numbered six 
hundred and was the largest colony of refugees that ever 
landed in America. Most of them located on the south 
side of the James River, near the present site of Richmond. 
This settlement was called "Manikintown." 

"The Virginia Settlement was asked for a donation for 
them, and they gave ten thousand acres, the best on James 
River, twenty miles above Riclmiond; being the deserted 
lands, and village, of the Monacan Indians. The King of 
England was deeply grateful to his Huguenot allies, and 
gave £3,000 to their support, and procured from the 
Protestant Relief Fund £12,000.''* In 1728 there were 
many still who could not speak anything but the French 
language." 

"'Nearly $50,000.00. A large sum for those days. 
195 



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The Huguenots 



At Salem, New Jersey, until some fifty years ago, was 
shown the "French House." This was the place where 
many of the Frencli Huguenot immigrants were sheltered 
upon their arrival. But the Huguenots did not long require 
commiseration or assistance. Habits of industry and tlirift 
soon enabled them, in a free country, to provide for their 
o\\Ti wants. Moreover, not a few of these brave men and 
women were connected with wealth and ancestral rank, 
and they had contrived to bring with thom both money and 
jewels of great value. 

In the year 1700 more than five hundred immigrants, 
,., '' under the Marquis Olivier de la Muce, a man of recognized 
excellence of character, were landed in Virigina by four 
successive debarkations. There were three ministers and 
two doctors among these settlers. These people proceeded 
to effort the Settlement into a parish (King William's 
' '■ ' ■■ Parish), and to elect a Vestry of twelve men. 

This land, 10,000 acres, had been granted to the Hugue- 
^1 ■ ; not refugees by the Colonial Assembly. It had been occu- 
■ - ,■ pied by the extinct Monacan tribe of Indians, a warlike set 
of people, whom Powhattan in vain attempted to subdue, 
but who disappeared before the whites. The Huguenots re- 
sided on the James River, from the Falls of Richmond to 
■''[' ' Manikintown. 

,,,; , ..:, This settlement at Monacon Touti (spelled as it is in an 

•;■ old account of Virginia, in French, and printed in 1707), 

, ,. enjoyed favors not only at the hands of the Colonial As- 

) t .j;, . serably, but became a marked object of private generosity. 

, . iy ; . r Pre-eminent among its friends was Col. Wm. Byrd, of West- 

I . , ■ over, a name of no mean celebrity in old Dominion Days. 

'■ ' '^' He (Col. Byrd) ever manifested to them the true affec- 
' '"'■ tion of a father and was ever ready to help them in every 
possible way. 

To their assistance also he directed the influence of his 
prominent friends, especially those occupying high posi- 
tions. He furnished them with grain, and ordered his mill- 
' " - '- ers to require no toll of them. With unusual zeal and with 

"' ' ' ■ 196 



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an eloquent voice he represented their case in the Colonial 
Assembly. 

Colonel William Byrd was the second and most distin- 
guished of the three Colonels Wm. Byrd of successive gen- 
erations. His father, the first of the name and title in 
Virginia, was born in England, 1652, and died in Virginia, 
December 4th, 1704, aged 52 years. 

He was succeeded by his son, William, who was born at 
Westover, Va., the "Family Seat," March 10th, 1674, and 
died August 26, 1744. He was the founder of Richmond, 
Va., which was laid off in April, 1737. The third Colonel 
William Byrd, son of the above, was born September 6th, 
1728, and died January 1st, 1777. He was Colonel in the 
French and Indian War, in 1756. 

Pennsylvania gave shelter to many Huguenot refugees 
who had first fixed themselves in England. But that coun- 
try, under James II's rule, did not seem safe from intoler- 
ance. In 1690 Maryland received a considerable number. 
Also William III sent a body of Huguenots, many of whom 
had fought with him in Ireland, to the Province of Vir- 
ginia. 

Lands were assigned them on the south bank of the 
James River, twenty miles from Richmond, in the midst of 
a fertile territory. There they founded, near Mannikin, 
an establishment known at first by the name of "Mannikin- 
Town Settlement," and afterwards by that of "King Will- 
iam's Parish." In 1699 three hundred families from 
France came also. In 1700 two hundred other families 
reinforced them, and soon afterwards one hundred other 
French families. Pastor Claude Philip de Richebourg, 
driven from France, accompanied the first Colonists who 
settled on the bank of the St. James River, and was long 
the spiritual guide and comforter of these poor exiles. 

Dissension broke out among them, and he restored har- 
mony by leading a part of his flock to North Carolina, 
where they settled on the banks of the Trent. But a rising 
of the Indians and a massacre of their white neighbors, 
compelled them to abandon the land they had just cleared 



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The Huguenots 



and to emigrate into Soutli Carolina, where they definitely 
established themselves. 

The Parish Register of the French Refugees at Manikin 
Town is a document of considerable importance. The book 
is a vellum bound volume of 14x10 inches, containing 116 
pages, covering the Parish Records from December 20, 
1707, to December 28, 1750. The title page is missing and 
a number of pages have been cut out at the end, but the 
Register is almost complete for the period named. King 
William's Parish, Va., was part of Henrico County until 
1720. Then it became a part of Goochland County, and 
was twenty-five miles out from Richmond. Again a part in 
1748 became Cumberland County, and was about tifty 
miles from Richmond. 



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;; CHAPTER XII 

The Names of the Huguenot Vessels — North C.-vro- 

LiNA Settlement — The Dover Coal Mines. 

The Huguenot Pastors — Parish Register. 

Gov. Spotswood's Letter. 

The names of the boats of the French Refugees were: 
First, sailed from the Thames, England, in 1700, the 
"Mary Ann;" second, the "Peter and Anthony." Aboard 
was the beloved Benjamin de Loux, of Lyons. Third boat, 
unknown and list lost in the Revolutionary War. Fourth 
boat, "The Nassau," with Louis Latane, pastor. Each 
brought about two hundred. One hundred and thirty-three 
ncre« wor" given to each. The church, the parsonage, and 
the school house were built first, and a community of five 
hundred was organized. 

By an Act of the Virginia Legislature in the year 1700, 
all those who had built houses near the town of Mannikin 
were formed into a district Parish, which received the name 
of King William's Parish. Privileges and immunities were 
bestowed upon them to prevent them from dispersing and 
to induce them to remain united in the vicinity of ^Lmni- 
kin. They were exempted from all parochial contributions 
which weighed upon the English parishes. It was also 
declared they should be exempted from the general taxes 
of the province, and from the private taxes of the county of 
Henrico. This was for seven years, but at the end of that 
time the Congress of Virginia renewed it. 

They were exempted from the payment of all taxes for 
seven years, and were allowed to support their ministers in 
their own way. Accordingly, in dividing the land into 
small grants or farms, all running down to the river in nar- 
row slips, a portion of the most valuable was set apart for 
the minister, and was thus possessed and used whilst one 
remained in the parish. It was afterwards rented out, and 
the proceeds paid for the minister's services. The service, 
used was that of the Episcopal Church, and the sermon was 



iix >{:HT'^iAHa 






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The Huguenots 



preached in both French and English. Bishop Meade states 
(1857), that services were then regularly held in the old 
church at Manikin-Town settlement. 

Later, in 1707, a goodly number of these refugees re- 
moved further south, many settling on the River Trent, in 
North Carolina. But our ancestors, the Du Puys, and 
Trabues, as well as many others, remained in the original 
settlement. Bituminous coal mines were discovered here at 
Mannikin as early as 1701, and it was known as the Dover 
Mines. This was the first coal found in Virginia. These 
mines were last operated in 1870. It has been claimed that 
shipments of this coal were made to Philadelphia for manu- 
facturing purposes prior to the Revolution. 

The first French refugees landed in the summer, prob- 
ably September, 1700, and the settlement was erected a 
separate parish on December 5th, 1700. Its first pastor 
was Rev. Benjamin de Joux, who died in 1704. Among 
the names which have been preserved of the ministers in the 
French Colony at Manikin-Town who served the parish 
are: Benjamin de Joux, until his death in 1704; Claude 
Phillipe de Richbourg, removed to Carolina soon after Sep- 
tember 2, 1707; Jean Cairon, who died 1716. In the year 
1714 a list of the colony was sent to England. It contained 
the names of men, women and children, and amounts in 
number, to nearly three hundred. The minister at this time 
was Rev. Jean Carion, who had fled to Zurich, in 1688. 
He died in February, 1716. 

In 1720 and 1721, the Rev. Peter Fontaine, of West- 
over Parish, Charles City, brother of Rev. Francis, was 
minister. In 1722-23-24, Rev. Francis Fontaine served 
the parish. He was born in 1697; came to Virginia, May, 
1721 ; was Professor of Oriental Languages at William and 
Mary's College in 1729, and died inl749. In 1722, Will- 
iam Finney. In 1727, William Murdaugh. In 1728-29, 
Rev. Mr. Swift, of Blissland Parish, New Kent County, 
officiated. 

Of the names mentioned in Charles Baird's Register of 
the Huguenots at Manikin-Town, occurs "Bartholemy Du 

200 



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The Huguenots 



Puy, and A. Michaud from the Champagne." In the Ves- 
try Book of King William's Parish, Va., 1707, quoted in 
the Virginia Historical Magazine, occurs a "List of Tithable 
persons, in order to pay 5 months and 15 days services of 
Mr. Phillippe: Bartholemy Du Puy, Pierre Du Puy, Jean 
(John James) Du Puy (sons of Bartholomew), also 
Anthoine Trabue. 

Book of the Parish of King William containing the Pro- 
ceedings of the Vestry of said Parish, commencing Dec. 20, 
1707: 

"The Vestry assembled at Monocantown the day and 
date stated above, ~Mv. Phillippe being present. Church 
Wardens, Abraham Soblet. . . . Vestry, Jacob Ammonet, 
Andrey Aubry. . . . Pierre Massot, Anthoine Trabue." 

May 25, 1708, Anthoine Trabue occurs again: "To Mr. 
Trabue for bread and wine, 8 shillings." 

"The Vestry met December 30, 1710, ISIr. Phillippe being 
present. Church Warden present, Anthoine Trabue." 

In 1710, in a list of tithable persons, occurs Bartholomey 
Du Puy, Francois Du Puy." 

The oldest records of Henrico County, Virginia, com- 
mence in 1677. Goochland County, Va., was separated 
from Henrico in 1727. Chester County, Va., was formed 
in 1748. Cumberland County, Va., was formed in 1748. 
Powhatan County, Va., was taken from Cumberland 
County, Va., in 1780. 

Extract from letter of Gov. Spotswood, of Virginia, to 
the Bishop of London, June 13, 1717: 

"But there is, indeed, one more Vacancy that can not be 
supplied in the ordinary way. 'Tis that of the Manacan 
Town, a settlement of 30 or 40 French Families. Rev. Mr. 
Jean Cairon, their ^Minister, dyed near two years agoe, and I 
have lately rec'd a petition from them pressing me very 
earnestly to write to Your Lordship to send them another; 
but he must be a frenchman, for ther's scarce any of them 
understand English so well as to join the Publick Worship 
201 



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i'{ 01- TO (. '. ic JG3rn'?)';'ji c ,nvM'T 



The Huguenots 



in that language, or profit by any Sermon preached to them 
there-in. Your Lordship will judge that so small a num- 
ber of people are not able to make large provision for a 
Minister. All they can do is to allow him 40£''" per ann. 
pd. in Grain, and such other Mfg. as are the produce of their 
Labours." 

Brock, Va., Mag. Vol. IL 

""A sum worth about $200.00 and of three times that value in those 
days. 



PART III 



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Mrs Lillian Du Puy Van Culin Harper of Philadelpliia, Pa. 
Copied from an ivory type taken for her Father when she was six- 
teeji years of age. 



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1.. )o 2-.i.3t rts" 



GENEALOGY, WITH BRIEF 

SKETCHES of the FAMILIES of 



Trabue 


Roberts 


Loving 


Flournoy 


Perrott 


Patterson 


Haskins 


Tanner 


Campbell 


KiRTLEY 


Hill 


De Bow 


Earley 


Terry 


Brevard 


Du PUY 


Beaufort 


Meyer 



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Francese Chasteene Trabue 
At the Stake, 1660. 

For sche they called an Heretic, 
Yet sche had nothinge donne, 

And doomed sche was to pay hire sin, 
And yet hire sin was none. 

Sche praid untoe our Saviore dear 
^Yth Hee "mote give hire aid, 

And prove thereby to all ye world 
Sche was an holy mayd. 

Then forthe sche stepped in ecstacy, 
Untoe ye stake sche hyed, 

^Mekelie sche bowed her head to alle, 
A farewell ere sche dyed. 

'That 'Might. 'Meekly. 



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Tr, :■"■ , ;.. n 



THE FAMILY OF TRABUE 



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FAMILY NAME OF TRABUE, ORIGINALLY 
STRABO, OR STRABOO. 

A person of the name of Strabo, a Greek geographer, was 
born 63 B. C. He went to Rome, 29 B. C, and died in the 
reign of Tiberias, after 21 A. D. He traveled and wrote 
some seventeen books, geographies and histories. 

In 809 A. D., in Suabia, occurs the name Walkfried 
Strabo. He was an Ecclesiastic and Author. Went to Aix- 
la-Chapelle, in Germany, and was tutor to Charles, son of 
Louis V, the Pious. He was then appointed Abbe of Reich- 
enau. He was a poet, and died while crossing the Loire, 
August IS, 849 A. D. 

This data is quoted to show that the Family name of 
"Strabo" e.xisted m Rome, Italy, in its worthy e.xponent, the 
Geographer, as early as 63 B. C.; and again in the Poet 
and Tutor Strabo, in Aix-la-Chapelle, Germany, in the 
ninth century. 

"My grandfather's name was Sir Anthony Straboo, but 
Colonel Byrd (of Virginia), set it down Anthony Trabue, 
and so we write our names to this day." — Colojiel Daniel 
Trabue' s "Journal." (See Part I.) 

First Generation: 

Pierre Strabo, born 1600 A. D., 
had son. 



Second Generation : 
Antoine Str.\bo, 



had son, 



Third Generation: 

SiEUR AxTOiNE Strabo (or Sir Anthony Trabue), born 
in Montauban, on the Tarn, in old Guyenne, France, in 
the year 1667. 

He died in Manikin Town, near Richmond, Virginia, 
America, January 29th, 1724, aged 56 years. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



He fled from France to Lausanne, September 15, 1687, 
with other Huguenots, and spent several years in Holland, 
and then came via England, to Virginia, settling at ]Manikin 
Town in 1700. Sieur Antoine Strabo married, in Holland, 
the year before they came to America, Magdelaine La Flour- 
noy. She was also a French Huguenot. 

Sieur Antoine Trabue brought from France a certificate. 
It was v.-ritten on sheepskin in Antique French, in blue ink. 

See "Family of Trabue," in this volume. 

Magdelaine Flournoy was the daughter of Jacob Flour- 
noy. She was born about 1671. She married second, 
Pierre Chastain, and died at jManikin Town, Va., Novem- 
ber, 1731. 

At the time of the Huguenot persecution the ancient 
family of Straboo or Trabo had their seat at Montauban, 
France. The son and heir, Antoine, born 1666, was sent 
as an exile, when only nineteen years of age, rather than 
have him prove unfaithful to the new religion. He was 
disguised as a wine merchant, and with a comrade went at 
night with a cart containing casks of wine. 

They passed through Switzerland, and at Lausanne, Sir 
Antoine found his old pastor of the church at Languedoc, 
France, who gave him a letter of recommendation. He left 
Switzerland and went into Holland, where many Hugue- 
nots had already settled. He remained there until 1699, 
when he took as his wife, Magdelaine Flournoy, daughter 
of Jacob Flournoy, who had also left France on account of 
the Persecution. 



A Copy of the Certificate Tfl^t Antoine Trabue 

Brought to the New World With Him: 

"Lausanne, France, 15 Septembre A. D., 1687. VVe the 

undersigned, certify that Antoine Trabue is a native of 

Montauban, age about nineteen years, of good size, fine 

carriage, dark complexion, haviiig a scar under his left 

eye; has always professed the Reformed Religion in which 

his parents raised him. He has never committed any 

offense that has come to our knowledge, other than that the 

violence of the late horrible persecution justified, which 

208 



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TRABLE VAN CL'LIN, Los Angeles, Cai.ikorn 

Son of Samuel Ware Van Culin and his wife, 
Elizabeth Du Piiy Trabue Van Culin 



Trabue Family 



persecutions God has had the kindness to stop, and for 
which lie has given us reparation. 

"We commend him to the Care of a kind Providence, and 
to a Cordial reception from our brethren. 

"Done at Lausanne, this the 15th day of September, 
A. D. 1687." Signed by "T. Latur," formerly minister of 
the Church of Villinds, and also of the church of Mon- 
tauban. 

It was also signed by the church pastors of Lansignaque, 
Languedoc, Dauphiny, Lausanne, and Berne (Switzer- 
land), indicating clearly the line of Antoine Trabue's 
retreat down the Rhine, Germany, and through Holland. 

This ancient letter or certificate of Antoine Trabue, was 
worn in holes and was nearly illegible. It was stained here 
and there with dark red splotches, possibly of blood, but 
eiiuugh of it 'va; left to translate and decipher. 

The original letter was in the hands of Anthony E. 
Trabue, of Hannibal, Mo., having been sent to him by Mr. 
Macon Trabue, of Virginia, many years ago. The letter 
was on vellum, and it had been given his ancestor, Anthony 
Trabue, by the ministers and civil officers of Lausanne, 
France. Another writer says it was signed by the prin- 
cipal Protestant authorities of France and Holland. 

When Mr. A. E. Trabue's residence was burned in 1889, 
this letter was destroyed. However, before this catastrophe 
occurred, he had taken the impression of the original letter 
in gelatine, and had presented several of these copies to his 
various kinsmen. 

I had the pleasure of seeing one of them, and it had a 
very well drawn picture of Sieur Antoine Trabue done 
with the pen, on the outside of the letter. — Ed. 

Trabue Coat of Arms: Az, 2 .Arrows, Arg, Crossed, a 
Star, Or, in chief, 2 Compasses, as, below; Crest; a Uni- 
com, Rampant. 

Upon investigation it is found that the name Trabue has 
become extinct in France, although the direct descendants 
of the family are now living at Montauban. 

"Madam De Belzac and her married daughters and 
several nieces composed a family that are now there. They 
209 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



are undoubtedly direct descendants of the Trabue family. 
They are thoroughly French people, and speak only the 
French language. We have corresponded with them 
recently, and have received photographs of several of the 
family." — Honorable Chauncey Depew, of New York, 
N. Y. 

For the results of many years of work and enquiry on the 
Trabue and Du Puy families, I can sincerely recommend 
any of the readers of this volume to the very full and com- 
prehensive account given by our kinsman, the Rev. B. H. 
Du Puy, in his work entitled "The Huguenot Bartholo- 
mew Du Puy and His Descendants." jSIr. Du Puy is 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Beverly, West Vir- 
ginia. The volume was published at Louisville, Kentucky, 
by the Courier-Journal Job Printing Company in 190S. A 
copy of it has been presented to the Pennsylvania Historical 
Society, in Philadelphia, Pa. 

In the Virginia Land Registry are the following records: 
"Anthony Trabue, March 18, 1717, 522 acres, on the great 
fork of Swift Creek; Anthony Trabue, IMarch 23, 1715, 
163 acres, south side James River, Henrico Co., Va."; for 
many years a Church Warden, in King William Parish. 
Page 262. Taken from p. 260, "The Huguenot Barthol- 
omew Du Puy and His Descendants," by Rev. B. H. Du 
Puy. 

We find in the hands of the Virginia State Historical 
Society the old "French Church Register." In the Death 
Register occurs the following: "January 29, 1723, died, 
Sieur Anthony Trabue, aged 56; was buried on the 30th 
of the same. J. Soblet, Clerk." 

Indenture made this 30th day of November in the year of 
our Lord 1717 between Isaac Powentan on the one part 
and Anthony Trabue of the said County on the other Part: 
Witnesseth that the said Isaac for and in consideration of 
five shillings to him in hand paid hath bargained and 
sold . . . . to the said Anthony Trabue his one tract 
of Land containing by estimation 105 acres, being in the 

210 






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POCAHONTAS AT THE COURT OF KING JAMES 
The arrival of Pocahontas and her husband, John Rolfe, caused 
a great sensation in London, where she was treated as the daughter 
of a king. Lady Delaware presented her at the Royal Court; but the 
rich costumes and the flattering attentions of the courtiers failed 
to change the sweet simplicity of this maiden, the production of Amer- 
ican soil! 



Trabue Family 



County of Henrico, and Parish of King \Vm., on the 
south side of James River and bounded as followoth (viz) 
beginning at a lower Spanish Oak parting land Gory and 
the said Powentan thence on Gory's line South West 272 
poles to a lower pine, thence east 12 degs., South SO poles. 
thence N. E. 272 poles to a small corner Oak, thence West 
12 degs. to have and to hold said land, in Witness where-ot 
he hath set his hand and affixed his seal the day and year 
above written. 

his 
Isaac Powentan 
mark {seal) 

In presence of 

Thos. Randolph. 

Robert Blaws. Teste: Wrn. Randolph, CI. 

Richard Randolph. Court. 

At a Court held at Varina for Henrico County, the 2nd day 
of December 1717." 



Indenture is given where-in is set forth that tlie said 
Isaac Powentan receives five pounds in current money to 
him in hand paid by Anthony Trabue where-by lie relin- 
quished all rights to the said 105 acres of land, on the 2nd 
day of December, 1717. This is witnessed by the same 
men, and bears the same signature of 

his 
Is.AAC O Powentan 
^ " mark {seal) 

Teste: Wm. Randolph, CI. Cur. 

Sieur Anthony Trabue died in Manakin Town, Va., 
January 29, 1723-4, aged 56 years, and was buried on the 
30th of the same. After the Death of Sieur Anthony Trabue 
his wife, Magdelaine Flournoy Trabue, married (2nd 
time) Pierre Chastin, of Manakin Town, Va. 

Anthony Trabue and his wife Magdelaine Flournoy Tra- 
bue lived and died in Manakin Town, King William 
211 



Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Parish, Virginia. They had 5 children, 3 sons, and 2 
daughters. 

INIagdelaine Flournoy Trabue \vas the daughter of Jacob 
Flournoy. She was born about 1671 in France. She was 
married in 1699, to Antoine Trabue, in Holland. She 
died November, 1731, Henrico County, Virginia. 

"Goochland Co., Va., 1732, Jacob Trabue receives 117 
acres." 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6." p. 205. 

The five children of Anthony Trabue and Magdelaine 
Flournoy Trabue were: 

1st child, 4th Gen.— Anthony Trabue, Jr., b. about 1702. 
Married daughter of Moysc Vermeil (Huguenot). 
. 2nd child, 4th Gen. — Jacob Trabue, b. about 1705. 

Married Marie , 1730. Had 5 children. "Jacob 

Trabue had many children, and so had his sisters Judith 
and Magdeline." 

3rd child, 4th Gen. — John James Trabue, b. at Manikin 
Town, Va., 1722. Married Olympia Du Puy, 1744. Died, 
between Oct. 10th and Dec. 21st, 1775, at Manakin Town. 
Va. Olympia Du Puy was daughter of Captain James Du 
Puy and his wife Susanna La Villon. Olympia Du Puy 
was born November 12, 1729, and Died 1822, aged 93 
years. They removed from Chesterfield County, Va., to 
Adair Co., Kentucky. 

4th child, 4th Gen.— Judith Trabue, b. about 1712. 
Married Stephen Watkins. They had (Sth Gen.) Judith 
Watkins, who married Williamson Pittman, an eminent 
Baptist clergyman. 

5th child, 4th Gen. — ]Magdelaine Trabue, b. about 1715. 
Married Peter Guerrant, who was £on of Daniel Guerrand, 
or Guerrant. Peter Guerrant's Will was proved in Cumber- 
land County, Virginia, in 1750. 

They had five children : 

1st child, 5th Gen. — Jane Guerrant, married in Mana- 
kentown, Va., May 11, 1758, to James Bryant. 

2nd child, 5th Gen. — Daniel Guerrant, married Mary 
Porter, July 19, 1770, in Manikin Town, Va. 
212 



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TrABUE FAillLY 



3rd child, 5th Gen. — Judith Guerrant, married George 
Smith. 

4th child, 5th Gen.— Lieutenant John Guerrant, mar- 
ried Elizabeth Porter, daughter of John Porter, Sr. Died 
1791. 

Sth child, 5th Gen. — Magdalene Guerrant, married 
Robert Moseley, -i-74Gr / '/Tir. 

Peter, the father of these children, was the son of Daniel 
Guerrant, who is mentioned on page 142 of "The Huguenot 
Bartholomew Dupuy and His Descendants." 

His name occurs in a list of French Protestants of King 
William Parish: 

"Daniel Guerrand (Guerrant), 1 wife, 2 sons, 2 daugh- 
ters." On page 143 of the same volume occurs the follow- 
ing in the Baptismal Register: 

"The 18th. August, 1721, was born Daniel, the son of 
Daniel Guerrant and of Francoise Guerrant, his father and 

mother; he was baptized the of October, by Mr. 

Fontaine; he was presented for baptism by Daniel Guer- 
rant, his grand (father?) and Madame Lorange, his 
grand mother." 



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THE FAMILY OF GUERIX, OR GUERRANT. 

The Family of Guerin, changed to Guerrant, came to 
Virginia about the year 1700 in the ship Nassau, in com- 
pany with the Trabues (Trabu) or Trabut, the Flournoys, 
the Dupuys, etc., and settled at Monakin Town, Goochland 
County, . . . and all of tliem were members of the 
' ' ■'•"'';' lesser nobility of France, and some of them trace back to 
the Crusaders. 

Magdelaine Trabue, daughter of Antoine Trabue and 
Magdelaine Flournoy, married in 1730 Peter Guerrant. 
Antoine Trabue died at Monakin Town 1724. 
"'■^" • The Trabues and Guerins were friends and companions 
■'■ ■ of Bronson and Henry Guerin. who suffered mar- 

tyrdom by being broken on the wheel in France on the 22nd 
• '■' of June, 1696. 

It was after tliis that the Guerins, Trabues and others 
'-''■'' ' • fled to Virginia. . . . Copied from a letter from 
'^''^■'"'' Daniel Guerrant :Miller, of Lynchburg, Va., dated Feb- 
•■■ ; ;- ruary 8, 1908. 

"■■^ "' ' For a full account see "William and Mary College Quar- 

,J' ' terly, Vol. 11," p. 209. Also Vol. 9, p. 275. 

***** 

^^'^ ''■'. 3rd child, 4th Gen.— John James Trabue, b. 1722, son 

•'" "■ of Antoine and Magdelaine Flournoy Trabue, and grand- 

'"■■'■7'- son of Antoine Strabo, and great-grandson of Pierre 

i^'^'--' "' Strabo. Died in 1775, in Virginia. John James Trabue 

married in 1744 01>-mpia Du Puy, daughter of Captain 

'"•" ■' James Du Puv and' Susanna La Villain, and grand- 

vi.^i,;ni,v daughter of Barthelemi Du Puy and his wife, Countesse 

•'• "' Susanna La Villain. Olympia Du Puy Trabue, mfe of 

'^-■'■'•- ' John James Trabue, was born November 12, 1729, and 

died , 1822, at the home of her son, Edward 

Trabue, in Kentucky. After the death of her husband, 
Olympia and quite a number of the Family of Trabue. and 
•T,, : also the Du Puys, moved from Chesterlield County, Vir- 

ginia, to Kentucky. 

214 



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Trabue Fajmily 



In the "Baptismal Register of King William Parish" 
occurs as ninth entry: "The 12th November, 1729, was born 
Olimpe Dupui, daughter of Jean Jaque Dupui and of 
Susane Dupui; was baptized by Mr. Swift; had for god- 
father, Jean Levilain, and for godmother, Philippe Dupui 
and Judith Dupui." 

Olympia was 3rd daughter of Capt. John James Du Puy 
and granddaughter of Bartholomew Du Puy and Countess 
Sussanne La ^'ilain Du Puy. She was born near Manikin- 
town, where tlie Huguenots had settled twenty-nine years 
earlier, and where her grandfather Bartholomew Du Puy's 
estates lay, on the south side of the River James, IS miles 
above the city of Richmond. She was baptized by the Rev. 
Mr. Swift, of Blissland Parish, New Kent County, Va., 
and had for godfather her maternal grandfather, and for 
godmothers, Philippa Dupui, who married John Peter La 
Vilain, and Judith Dupui, her paternal aunt, wife of Peter 
Dupui; certified by Jean Chastian, clerk. The parties 
have certified that the infant was born the day and the year 
aforesaid. 

See old Records of Huguenot Church. These "records" 
are in an old vellum-bound book, and are in the French 
language. They are in the care of the Virginia Historical 
Association, at Richmond, Va.* They are considered very 
valuable, and are of the greatest interest to the many 
descendants of these Huguenots. Theri is no record of the 
marriages in Manikintown in the church register. That 
part has been lost. 

Will of John James Trabue, of Chesterfield County, 
Virginia : 

P. 79. " 'Will Book No. 3,' at Chesterfield Co. Cl's 
Office, Virginia, 1777." 

"In the name of God Amen this tenth day of October in 
the year of our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred 
and seventy-five I, John James Trabue of Chesterfield 

*John Lanier came to America in 1716 and settled on a grant of land 
ten miles square where the city of Richmond now stands. He took in 
marriage Miss Elizabeth Hicks. 

215 



to b:,;. <:..-ii;a 



J/'ijT 






■iT 



Gene.axogy, with Brief Sketches 

County and Manchester Parish being weak of body, but ; 

of perfect mind and memory, do make and ordain this my ' 

last Will and Testament, ... t 

"Imprimis, I leave for the use of my beloved Wife f 

Olymp the upper part of the tract of land I now live on ' 

. . . use of 4 Negroes, 3 work Horses, ... 20 J 

Head of Cattle and the Stock of Hogs, ... i 

"To son John James, 1 Negro with Horse, and Bed and 

furniture. ... | 

"To Son John 200 acres in Prince Edward County, also 

Negro, Horse, Saddle, Bridle, also feather Bed and Furni- | 

ture. f 

"To Son William 200 acres in Charlotte County, also 2 

Negroes, Bed and Furniture. Horse, Bridle and Saddle. .; 

"To Son Daniel 200 acres, 2 negroes, Feather Bed, | 

Horse, Bridle and Saddle. ] 

"To son Edward the tract of Land I hold on the waters | 

of falling Creek, this county, containing 200 acres, 2 ] 

negroes, Bed and furniture, Horse, saddle and Bridle. | 

"To son Stephen Lower part of the Tract of Land I now l 

live on, and 100 acres, 2 negroes, Feather-Bed and furni- ! 

ture, Horse, saddle and Bridle. ! 

"To son Samuel the Tract of Land that his mother is < 

now living on, Horse. \ 

"To Daughter Magdeline 2 Negroes, and Horse. 1 

"To Daughter Jean, afterwards called Jane, 2 negroes. | 

"To Daughter Jvlary 2 negroes. t 

"To Daughter Martha 2 negroes. « 

"The rest of the slaves shall be divided between my chil- \ 

dren hereunder mentioned to Wit: Samuel, Elizabeth, i 

Judith, Susannah. I 

"To daughter Susannah 30 pounds current Money, it | 
being the Legacy given to her by her grand Father John | 

James Duprey,* which I have received, "I appoint James 
Duprey my Wife's Brother, my son William Trabue and 
Joseph W^atkins Executors of this my last Will and Testa- 

♦This was Captain John James DuPuy, the maternal Grand Father of 
Susanna. She, Susanna, had doubtless been a favorite grandchild of the 
old Captain, as she bore the name of his wife Susanna. 



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Trabue Family 



ment and desire that there may be no apprasement taken 
on my Estate. In Witness where of I have hereunto set my 
hand and seal the Day and Year above written. 

signed John Jas. Trabue. 
In presence of 

her 
Judith X Duprey , . , i " : , 

mark . ,,,, ,^ , , . 

Joseph Watkins. .^t ,'.;, ' :•. ,:',., ; ) 

Jacob Ashurst. Examined. 

"Will Book No. 3, at Chesterfield County Clerk's 
Office, Virginia." 

"An Inventory of John James Trabue, deceased," taken 
by James Dupi, Executor, December 21st, 1775." 

John James Trabue died between the Date of his Will, 
which was October 10th, 1775, and the time the Inventory 
was taken, which was December 21st, 1775. 

3rd child, 4th Gen.— John James Trabue, b. 1722, and 
his wife, Olympia Du Puy Trabue had sixteen children. 
They were : 

1st child, 5th Gen. — James Trabue, born in Chesterfield 
Co., Va., Jan'y 29, 1745. Died in Kentucky December 23, 
1803. He married 1782, Jane E. Porter. He served in 
Lord Dunmore's War as a Lieutenant and Commissary 
General under Colonel George Rogers Clark. 

He w^as captured when Ruddles Fort was taken by the 
English and Indians under Colonel Byrd, and imprisoned 
at Montreal, but afterwards made his escape. 

James Trabue was Commissary General in the Revo- 
lution, in the Department of Kentucky. He was taken 
prisoner at Ruddel's Station, and held at Montreal, Can- 
ada, for over a year. He was Surveyor with Col. Daniel 
Boone. His compass, which he buried, was long years 
afterwards plowed up, and is now in the hands of one of 
his descendants. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Jane E. Porter, his wife, was the daughter of Robert 
Porter, a Scotchman. She w-as born about 1756 and died 
March 17, 1833. 

The children of James Trabue and Jane E. Porter I 

Trabue were: ; 

1st child, 6th Gen. — Judith Trabue, married George ; 

Ewing. ; 

2nd child, 6th Gen.- — INIary Trabue, married William T. ? 

Scott, had: 7th Gen. — Olympia Dupuy Scott; 7th Gen. — j 

John Scott; 7th Gen. — George Scott, M. D. Married I\Iiss ' 

Lindsey; settled in Carthage, Missouri. | 

3rd child, 6th Gen. — Elizabeth Trabue, born Feb. 11, 

1799; died , 1849. Married her first cousin, \ 

Chastain Haskins Trabue, who was born November 25, j 

1796; died 1852. He was the first child of Stephen f 

Trabue and Jane Haskins Trabue. Stephen was own | 
brother to James Trabue, the father of Elizabeth Trabue. 



From "Daughters of the American Revolution Lineage '■ 

Book No. 2" I copy the following: , 

Mrs. Judelle Trabue MacGregor. Descendant of i 

James Trabue. Mrs. MacGregor was the Daughter of j 

Chasteen Haskins Trabue and Elizabeth Trabue his wife \ 

and Grand Daughter of James Trabue and Jean Porter his * 

wife. I 

James Trabue and all his family able to bear arms were j 

soldiers in the Revolution. He was Lieutenant and Com- ^ 

missary General under General George Rogers Clark. \ 

4th child, 6th Gen. — IMartha Trabue. Married about ; 

1822 Archer King. ' 

5th child, 6th Gen.— Robert Trabue. Died about 1830. \ 

Married Mary Grimes 1810. who was the niece of Thomas i 

Garrett, of Bourbon Co., Kv. Mary Grimes Trabue was | 

born 1795. Died 1865. They had:' f 

1st child, 7th Gen.— Stephen Trabue; 2nd child, 7th f 

Gen. — Franklin Trabue; 3rd child, 7th Gen. — James j 

Trabue, born 1812, died 1864, never married; 4th child. i 

7th Gen.— Daniel Trabue, born 1814, died Nov. 27, 1897, I 

218 



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Trabue Faimily 



never married; 5th child, 7th Gen. — Edward Trabue, born 
1816, died 1865; married 1847 Sarah McGuidey, of Lan- 
caster, Mo. 

6th child, 6th Gen. — James Trabue, born Charlotte Co., 
Va., April 24, 1791. Gloved to Kentucky with his mother 
and family, 1807. Commanded the Militia of Bourbon 
Co., Ky., for years. Died February 22, 1874. Married 
1st time, Judith Woolridge, his cousin; married 2nd time, 
Lucy Dupuy Cosby. 

Children of John James Trabue and his wife, Ohmpia 
Du Puy Trabue, continued: 

2nd child, 5th Gen. — ^Magdalene Trabue, born 1748, 
died 1815. Married Edwin C. Clay, who was uncle of 
Hon. Henry Clay. They moved to North Carolina. ]Mag- 
dalene and Edwin C. Clay had ten children. 

The children of Magdalene Trabue and Edward C. Clay 
were : 

1st child, 6th Gen.— John Clay; 2nd child, 6th Gen.— 
Samuel Clay; 3rd child, 6th Gen.— Martha Clay; 4th 
child, 6th Gen. — James Clav; 5th child, 6th Gen. — Francis 
Clay; 6th child, 6th Gen.— Judith Clav; 7th child, 6th 
Gen.— :Mary Clay; 8th child, 6th Gen.— Phcebe Clay; 9th 
child, 6th Gen.— Edward Clay; 10th child, 6th Gen.— 
Sarah Clay. 

Children of John James Trabue and his wife, 01}Tnpia 
Du Puy Trabue, continued: 

3rd child, 5th Gen.— Phcebe Trabue, born 1750, died 
1767. 

4th child, 5th Gen.— Jane Trabue, born Jan. 12, 1752, 
died 1802. Married Rev. Joseph Minter. They resided 
in Woodford County, Kentucky. Rev. Joseph Minter was 
the son of Joseph Anthony Minter, who was the author of 
the hymn, "O Lord of Hosts, My God and King," pub- 
lished in "Du Puy's Hymns." Rev. Minter and Jane 
Trabue Minter had fourteen children: 

1st child, 6th Gen.— James Minter, b. Jan. 29, 1776, d. 
young. 

219 



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2nd child, 6th Gen.— Nancy Minter, b. Jan. 9, 1777; \ 

married Joseph Watkins, soldier in the War of the Revo- '. 

lution. ; 

3rd child, 6th Gen.— Elizabeth ^linter, b. July 21,1778. | 

Married James Major. I 

4th child, 6th Gen.— Judith Minter, b. Sept. 28, 1779. 

Married James Gow. ; 

5th child, 6th Gen.— Jane Minter, b. March 6, 1781. '[ 

Married Benj. Watkins, who was son of Joseph Watkins, I 

and was born Oct. 1, 1775. s 

6th child, 6th Gen.— Sarah Minter, b. Aug. 13, 1782, \ 
died Oct., 1859. Married April 10, 1810, Wm. H. Cosby. 

7th child, 6th Gen. — John Trabue Minter, b. May 16, ': 

1784. Married Elizabeth Scarce. | 

8th child, 6th Gen.— William Minter, b. Dec. 16, 1785, | 

died about 1863. Married Elizabeth Green Waggoner. ' 

9th child, 6th Gen.— Martha Minter, b. April 14, 1787, [ 

died Dec. 11, 1860. \ 

10th child, 6th Gen.— Joseph Minter, b. June 17, 1789, \ 

died 1833. Married Elizabeth Ann Cosby. i 

nth child, 6th Gen.— Tabitha Minter,' b. Feb. 9, 1791. \ 

Married Wm. H. Pittman. I 

12th child, 6th Gen.— Anthony Minter, b. Dec. 1, 1792. \ 

Married Elizabeth Kerr. | 

13th child, 6th Gen.— James Minter, b. 1794. { 

14th child, 6th Gen. — Jeremiah A. Minter, b. June 23, i 

1796. Married Sallie McDowell. | 

Children of John James Trabue and Olympia Du Puy , 

Trabue, continued : | 

5th child, 5th Gen. — John Trabue, born in Chesterfield \ 

County, Virginia, March 17th, 1754. Married Margaret i 

Pearce. Died in Logan's Fort, now Stanford, Lincoln | 

County, Kentucky, in 1788. He was Colonel in the Revo- I 

lutionary War; also Deputy Surveyor of Kentucky lands | 

under John May. They had no issue. He was "Com- J 

missary General in the Revolution under General George « 

Rogers Clark." f 



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Saffell's "Register," page 434, mentions Jolm Trabue, 
Ensign, as one of those receiving half pay; he also received 
a Warrant of Land (page 507). At that time Saffell says 
the infantry were entitled to $20.00 a month by act of 
Congress. 

Heitman, p. 478, mentions John Trabue, Ensign. There 
has long been a question in our family as to whether this 
is John James Trabue, the father of the five sons who 
served in the Revolution, or whether it is the Jolm Trabue, 
his son, who died and was buried in Logan's Fort, Ken- 
tucky. 

"I do hereby testify that Lieut'n John Trabue was 
appointed an officer in the Virginia Continental line the 
Nineteenth day of February, one Thousand Seven liundred 
and Eighty one, and has Continued in Actual Service untill 
the 1st day of January 1783 — and supernumerary since. — 
Given under my hand at Fredericksburg this 13th day of 
May 1783." P. Muhlenberg, B. G. 

Land Bounty Voucher, year 1784. 

Page 531, Book No. 1, at Land Office, Richmond, Va.: 
John Trabue rec'd 2666 2-3 a. 

Lieut. 
William Trabue rec'd 200 a. P. 570, Book L 
This — Land was given for Revolutionary War Services. 

P. 504, "Order Book 1784-1787," at County Clerk's 
Office, Richmond, Va. : 

Dec. 2, 1788. John Trabue has a case in court against 
Robert Spear. 

P. 95, "Henrico Court Book No. 4, 1789-1791," Rich- 
mond, Va.: 

John Allen is ordered to . . . 

John Trabue. - ■ 

court held 6th. of Oct. 1789. (John Trabue is here 
in 1789.) 

221 



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Genealogy, "with Brief Sketches ! 

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p. 235, "Henrico Court Book No. 4, 1789-1791," at | 

County Clerk's Office, Richmond, Va.: \ 

April 5, 1790 (at court held), John Trabue, of the Co. .• 

of Chesterfield, made oath and gave security to the amount I 

of £200. Certificate is granted him for obtaining Letters of ; 

administration of the Estate of his late Wife, Elizabeth ^ 

Trabue deceased formerly Elizabeth Elmore, in due form. > 

6th child, 5th Gen. — William Trabue, born in Chester- 5 

field County, Virginia, March 13, 1756. Died March 2, | 

1786. He married Feb. 12, 1783, Elizabeth Haskins, ] 

daughter of Colonel Robert Haskins. He served in the r 

Revolution as a Sergeant in the Virginia Line. Was cap- i 

tured at Charleston, South Carolina, but escaped. See I 

"Journal" written by his brother, Colonel Daniel Trabue. • 

William Trabue was Brigadier-Major. ,i 

William Trabue, Serg't in 11th Virg'a Regt., haveing 1 

Served three years, the term for which he was enlisted, Is ; 

hereby Discharged from the Continental Army. Given | 

under my hand this 5th Day of September, 1780. | 

Land Bounty Voucher. ! 



William Trabue, son of John James and Olympia 
Dupuy Trabue, received bounty land of 200 acres. He 
served to the close of the War of the Revolution and died 
March 2, 1786. Elizabeth Haskins Trabue's mother was 
Elizabeth, or Betsey Hill Haskins. William and Elizabeth 
were married February 12, 1783. Elizabeth Haskins was 
born September 29, 1759, and died October 10, 1825. 
They had : 

1st child, 6th Gen.— Nancy Trabue, b. Nov. 24, 1783. 
Died February 16, 1846. Married William Caldwell (his 
2nd marriage). William Caldwell was born Aug. 10, 1777, 
died Jan. 10, 1854. 

2nd child, 6th Gen.— Phoebe Trabue, born Feb. 21, 1785, 
died March 12, 1851. Married Isaac Hodgen, who was 
bom August 8, 1779. Died March 22, 1826. They had: 

222 



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1st child, 7th Gen.— Robert Hodgen; 2nd child, 7th Gen. 
— Elizabeth Haskins Hodgen. Married Robert Caldwell. 

7th child, 5th Gen. — Mary Trabue, daughter of John 
James Trabue and of Olympia Dupuy Trabue, his wife, 
was born February 26, 17 58, Chesterfield County, Va. 
Died Woodford County, Ky., 1792. Married iSIarch 5, 
1779, Lewis Sublett (his 1st wife). Lewis Sublett born 
Chesterfield Co., Va., 1759. Died Woodford Co., Ky., 
1830. He was a soldier in the Revolutionary War, was at 
the siege of Yorktown and the surrender of Lord Corn- 
wallis. He was the son of Lewis and Frances Sublett. 

For a full account of the Subletts see pp. 263 and 264 
of "The Huguenot Bartholomew Dupuy and His Descend- 
ants." 

"Lewis Sublett and his wife, Mary Trabue Sublett 
moved to Fayette (now Woodford) Co., Ky., in 1782. 

"Shortly after their arrival, he, with thirty other men, 
went to the relief of the inmates of Bryan's Station, which 
was attacked by the Indians. On their arrival the Indians 
had retreated, whom they pursued, and gaining the first 
sight of them on tlie opposite bank of Licking River, they 
crossed the stream, dismounted and attacked them, but 
were badly defeated. In their flight they lost their horses, 
several officers and a number of men." 

Lewis and Mary Trabue Sublett had: 

1st child, 6th Gen. — William Sublett, soldier in the War 
of 1812. Born Chesterfield Co., Va., March 3, 1780. Died 
Bellville, Iowa, 1840. Married 1806, Mrs. Xancy (Sam- 
uel) Saunders. 

2nd child, 6th Gen. — James Sublett. Soldier in the War 
of 1812. Born July 15, 1785. Died Clinton, Ky., June 9, 
1860. Married September 3, 1807, Susan Edzard. She 
was born May 17, 1789, and died June 9th, 1860. 

3rd child, 6th Gen. — Lewis Sublett. Soldier in Capt. 
Z. Singleton's companv. Colonel James Allin's Regiment, 
War of 1812. Born 1787. Died Woodford Co., Ky., 1827. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches ' 

Married 1808, Susan Coleman, daughter of Thomas. Susan ;. 

was born 1793. Died Woodford Co., Ky., August, 1834. ■ 

See p. 290 for fine account of these families in "The ; 

Huguenot Bartholomew Dupuy and His Descendants." ' 

4th child, 6th Gen.— John Sublett. Born Woodford Co., ' 

Ky. Killed 1813 in the engagement of Dudley's Defeat, \ 

War of 1812. He married and had children: ; 

1st child, 7th Gen. — Marian Sublett. Married 1st, Cave 

Johnson; issue . J^Iarried' 2nd time, Fauntleroy \ 

Johnson, of Virginia. | 

5th child, 6th Gen. — Frances Sublett. INIarried William f 

Vaughan. ; 

"American Ancestry," Vol. 9, p. 4.3. Lewis Sublett, Sr., b. 175^. mar. : 

Mary Trabue, v.iio was daughter of John and Olympia (Du Puy) Trabiie, ; 

who was dau. of John James and Susan (La Villan) Du Puy, who was i 

dau. of Bartliolomow Du Puy and the Countess Susan La Villan, Hugue- \ 

not refugees from France to Va., 1700. j 

Mary Trabue Sublett, born 1758 (wife of Lewis), was a descendant of j 

Antoine Trabuk, a native of France and a refugee from there to Hoi- 5 

land, September 15, 1687, and from Holland to Va. j 

Lewis Sublett, Sr., b. 1759, was a soldier in the War of Independence; ? 

was wounded at Little York, Va. They moved to Woodford Co., Ky., i 

1782, and had 5 chil., Wm., James, Lewis, John and Frances ; all four | 

sons served in the War of 1812. For a fine account of Bartholomew > 

Du Puy see p. 43 of this Vol. 9. i 

Children of John James Trabue and his wife, Olympia i 

Du Puy Trabue, continued: I 

8th child, 5th Gen. — Daniel Trabue, Colonel, also Cora- j 

missary General, born in Chesterfield County, Va., March ^ 

31, 1760. Married July 4, 1782, Mary Haskins, daughter | 

of Colonel Robert Haskins and Elizabeth Hill, his wife, of \ 

Chesterfield County. Col. Daniel Trabue served in the \ 

expedition under Colonel George Rogers Clark. He was \ 

Issuing Commissary General under his brother, James | 

Trabue, who was Commissary General. [ 

"He was at the surrender of Yorktown, and gives a | 

graphic account of the battle and surrender, together with ' 

a description of the fort there." \ 

He served under Generals Lafayette and Muhlenberg. \ 

He was Sheriff and Justice of the Peace in Kentucky. i 

He settled on Greer's Creek, Fayette County, Kentucky. \ 



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He was writer of the "Journal." 

He was on the Pension Roll in Kentucky in 1832. .;, 

Colonel Daniel Trabue died 1840. 

The eight children of Col. Daniel Trabue and his wife, 
Mary Haskins Trabue, were: 

1st child, 6th Gen.— Judith Trabue. Married S. Scott. 
They had: 1st child, 7th Gen. — Judith Scott. iNIarried 
Brown; 4 children. 

2nd child, 6th Gen. — Sallie Trabue. Married G. Ander- 
son. Had: 1st child, 7th Gen. — Martha Anderson, mar- 
ried — • — — Penix; 2nd child, 7th Gen. — Eliza Anderson, 
married - — — Barrett; 3rd child, 7th Gen. — Sallie 

Anderson, married Terry. They had: 1st child, 8th 

Gen. — Bettie Terry; 2nd child, 8th Gen. — George Terry; 
3rd child, 8th Gen'.— Mary Terry. 

Col. Daniel Trabue and his wife ]Mary Haskins' chil- 
dren continued: 

3rd child, 6th Gen. — James Trabue. Prominent for 
many years in business and civic affairs. Married Eliza 
Stites. They had: 1st child, 7th Gen.— Richard Trabue. 
Married Kate Dougherty, of Covington, Kentucky, October 
24, 1864. Died in Louisville, Ky., Saturday, May 16, 
1914, aged nearly 77 years. Richard Trabue was buried 
at Cave Hill Cemetery. 

2nd child, 7th Gen. — Corina Trabue. Died at the age of 
13 years. 

3rd child, 7th Gen. — Sarah Trabue. Died unmarried. 

4th child, 7th Gen. — James Trabue. Died young. 

5th child, 7th Gen.— Mary Trabue. Married Wm. H. 
Barksdale. They had: 1st child, 8th Gen.— William 
Barksdale; 2nd child, 8th Gen.— Trabue Barksdale. 

6th child, 7th Gen.^William Trabue. ISIarried Lizzie 
Shreeve. They had: 1st child, 8th Gen. — James Upton 
Trabue; 2nd 'child, 8th Gen.— Sallie Trabue; 3rd child, 
8th Gen. — William Trabue. 

Children of Daniel Trabue and Mary Haskins Trabue, 
continued: 

4th child, 6th Gen. — IMary or Polly Trabue. Married 
Lev^as Sublett. Lives in Green County, Kentucky. They 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

had: 1st child, 7th Gen.— Sallie Sublett; 2nd child, 7th 
Gen. — Mary Sublett; ord child, 7th Gen. — Judith Sublett; 
4th child, 7th Gen. — :Mary Sublett; 5th child, 7th Gen. — 
Robert Sublett; 6lh child, '7th Gen. — William Sublett; 7th 
child, 7th Gen. — Daniel Sublett. 

5th child, 6th Gen. — John Trabue. iMurdered when 12 
years of age, in Kentucky, by the notorious Harpers. See 
"Col. Daniel Trabue's Journal." 

6th child, 6th Gen. — Daniel Trabue. INIarried ■Mary 
Paxton, of Texas. They had: 1st child, 7th Gen.— Col. 
Robert Paxton Trabue, la\\7er and soldier. Born January 
1, 1824. Died February 2, 1863, Columbia, Kentucky. He 
was son of Daniel Trabue, Jr., and grandson of Daniel 
Trabue, of Woodford County, Kentucky. 2nd child, 7th 
Gen. — Ann Trabue. 3rd child, 7th Gen. — Ellen Trabue. 

Married Smith. 4th child, 7th Gen. — Presley 

Trabue. 5th child, 7th Gen.— William Trabue. 6th child, 
7th Gen. — George Trabue. 

7th child, 6th Gen. — Presley Trabue. Died young. Son 
of Col. Daniel and Mary Haskins Trabue. 

8th child, 6th Gen. — Robert Trabue, son of Col. Daniel 
Trabue. Colonel in C. S. A. ^Married Lucy Waggoner. 
Died in Illinois. They had: 1st child, 7th Gen.— Eliza 
Trabue; 2nd child, 7th Gen. — Sallie Trabue. Married 
George Patterson, of Memphis, Tenn. They had: 1st child, 
8th Gen. — Robert Patterson; 2nd child, 8th Gen. — .Annie 
Patterson. INIarried Wm. B. Mitchell. They had: 1st 
child, 9th Gen. — George Patterson Mitchell. 3rd child, 8th 
Gen.— Oliver G. Patterson. Killed in C. S. A. at the Battle ? 

of Shiloh, Tenn. 4th child, 8th Gen.— Thomas Patterson. i 

Married Hall. 5th child, 8th Gen.— George j 

Patterson. 6th child, 8th Gen. — John Patterson. 7th | 

child, 8th Gen.— Reuben Patterson. 8th child, 8th Gen.— 

Holmes Patterson. I 

3rd child, 7th Gen. — Robert Trabue, son of Col. Robert » 

and Lucy Waggoner Trabue. Married M Wither- | 

spoon. 1st child, 8th Gen. — Lucy or Letitia Trabue. 2nd s 

child, 8th Gen. — James Trabue. I 



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4th child, 7th Gen. — Mary or Polly Trabue. Married 
Joseph Lester. 

5th child, 7th Gen. — Martha Trabue. Married 

Smith. Had: 1st child, Sth Gen.— Helen Smith. 

6th child, 7th Gen. — John Trabue. IMarried Caroline 
Fisher. They had: 1st child, Sth Gen. — Almyra Trabue. 
Married Gates Strawn. 2nd child, Sth Gen. — Ellie Trabue, 
daughter of John and Caroline. 3rd child, Sth Gen. — 

Carrie Trabue. Married Reynolds. 1st child, 9th 

Gen. — Carrie Renolds. 

7th child, 7th Gen. — Olympia Trabue. Married 

Hall. 



From "Daughters of the American Revolution Lineage 
Book," Vol. 14, p. 374, I copy the following: "Mrs. Almyra 
Trabue Strawn, descendant of Daniel Trabue, of Virginia. 

"Daughter of John Trabue and Caroline Fisher, his wife. 
Grand-daughter of Robert Trabue and his wife, Lucy Wag- 
goner. Great-Grand-daughter of Daniel Trabue and his 
wife, Mary Haskins. 

"Daniel Trabue* served in the Expedition under George 
Rogers Clark. He was issuing Commissary under his 
Brother, James Trabue, who was Commissary General for 
the Troops in Kentucky. Daniel Trabue was born 1760 
and was on the Pension roll in 1S32." 

Miss Ella J. Trabue goes into the Daughters American 
Revolution under this line. 

Children of John James Trabue and his v>ife, Olympia 
Du Puy Trabue, continued: 

9th child, Sth Gen. — ^Martha or Patsy Trabue. Born 
1762. Married Josiah Woolridge. Had nine children. 
Sth child, 6th Gen.— Their fifth child, Mary or Polly Wool- 

*Daniel Trabue was a "Justice of the Peace" as well as "Sheriff." 
Collins' "Kentucky," p. 353, has a full account of the killing of the 

son of Colonel Trabue of Adair Co., near Columbia River, Kentucky, in 

the fall of 1801 or 1802. 

Colonel Dkiniel Trabue was between 80 and 90 years of age when 

he died. 

227 






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dridge, married Joseph Barton White. Born 1780. Died ' ' 

May, 1873. Joseph Barton White was the son of Thomas s 

White, an officer in the War of the American Revokition. ] 

10th child, 5th Gen.— Edward Trabue. Born 1764. | 

Served in the Revolutionary War. Was at Gen. Gates' | 

defeat; also in the Battle of Guilford, North Carolina, ? 

March 15, 1781. He died July 6, 1814, aged 52 years. | 

Edward Trabue was drafted at the age of 16 years and 1 

became a Colonel. He and his wife settled in Woodford 5 

Co., Ky., near the Kentucky River. He was buried beside i 

his wife, Martha Haskins, and his aged mother, Ohinpia | 

Trabue. He married, about 1786, Martha, or Patsy Has- \ 

kins, daughter of Colonel Robert and Elizabeth Hill ? 

Haskins. Martha Haskins Trabue died about 1794, at or . j 

about the time of the birth of her last child, George W. I 
Trabue. 



The children of Edward Trabue and his first wife, 
Martha Elaskins Trabue, were: 

1st child, 6th Gen. — Mary, or Polly Trabue. Born 
1787. Married Anselm Clarkson. They had: 1st child, 
7th Gen.— Edward Trabue Clarkson. 2nd child, 7th Gen. 
— Martha Haskins Clarkson. ord child, 7th Gen. — George 
W. Clarkson. 4th child, 7th Gen.— Green Clay Clarkson. 
5th child, 7th Gen. — Nancy Pittman Clarkson. 6th child, 
7th Gen. — James M. Clarkson. 7th child, 7th Gen. — 
Emily Clarkson. 

2nd child, 6th Gen. — Elizabeth Trabue. Married 
Robert Hatcher. They had: 1st child, 7th Gen.— Henry 
Hatcher, born about 1817. Died 1870. 2nd child, 7th 
Gen.— Sallie Hatcher, born about 1819. Died 1865. 3rd 
child, 7th Gen. — Edward Trabue Hatcher, born about 
1821. Died 1899. 4th child, 7th Gen.— Robert Hatcher, 
born about 1823. Died 1891. 5th child, 7th Gen.— Jerry 
Hatcher, born Jan. 24, 1825. 

3rd child, 6th Gen. — Nancy Haskins Trabue. Born 
October 8, 1791. Married November 6, 1816, Asa Pittman. 



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The mother of Nancy Haskins Trabue (Martha Haskins 
Trabue) died when she, Nancy, was but 2 years old, and 
she was raised by her grandmother, Olympia Dupuy 
Trabue. 

Asa Pittman was born in Chesterfield County, Va., 1788. 
He died May 6, 1837. He was taken prisoner and taken to 
Canada; for his services he received a grant of land in 
Missouri. About 1810 they moved to Woodford Co., Ky. 
He was long a merchant of Columbia, Ky. Moved to 
Nashville, Tenne., 1836. Returned to Kentucky and set- 
tled at Russellville. He was a soldier in the war of 1812. 
The Pittman family emigrated from England to America 
about 1750. 

Asa Pittman and his wife, Nancy Haskins Trabue Pitt- 
man, had nine children: 1st child, 7th Gen. — Edward 
Francis Pittman, born Oct. 6, 1818. Died March 6, 1881. 
in Sherman, Texas. Married Anne Harrison Nov. 13th, 
1860. 2nd child, 7th Gen. — Martha Jane Pittman. Born 
June 25, 1820. Married March 12, 1845, Jesse Grady 
Crutcher. Died July 20, 1877, and had: 

1st child, 8th Gen. — Asa Pittman Crutcher. Died unm. 

2nd child, 8th Gen. — Isaac Henry Crutcher. INIarried 
Louise Taylor, and had: 1st child, 9th Gen. — Isaac Henry 
Crutcher, Jr. 

3rd child, 8th Gen. — Mary Du Puy Crutcher. Married 
June 12, 1877, John L. Bateman. 

4th child, 8th Gen. — :Martha Crutcher. Married June 12, 
1877, Clifford Witherspoon. 

5th child, 8th Gen.— Jesse Crutcher. 

6th child, 8th Gen. — Richard Lewis Crutcher. Married 
Emma J. Stephens. 

7th child, 8th Gen. — Anna Trabue Crutcher. Married 
P. P. Stanley. 

8th child, 8th Gen. — Edward Crutcher. Died unm. 

9th child, 8th Gen.— Flora Hallie Crutcher. Married 
Robert Garland Brown. 

10th child, 8th Gen. — Pittman Crutcher. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

3d child, 7th Gen. — Benjamin Pittman. Died in infancy. ; 

4th child, 7th Gen. — Williamson Haskins Pittman. Set- J 

tied in St. Louis, jNIo. Born June 11, 1824. Died October . 

21, 1875. Married Hannah Daviess July S, 1859. They I 

had: 1st child, 8th Gen. — Nannie Trabue Pittman. Mar- j 

ried Archer Anderson. They had: 1st child, 9th Gen. — i 

Joan Hamilton Anderson. 2nd child, 8th Gen. — William i 

Daviess Pittman. Born April 29, 1863. Married October 1 

12, 1887 Sallie Duncan Patterson, daughter of Robert D. | 

Patterson, of St. Louis, Mo. 1st child, 9th Gen. — Velona | 

Pittman. 2nd child, 9th Gen. — Marie Daviess Pittman. f 

Died infancy. 3rd child, 9th Gen. — Cora Pittman. 4th \ 

child, 9th Gen. — Daviess Pittman, Jr. 3rd child, 8th Gen. i 

— Asa Pittman. Born June 5, 1865. Married Rose Maysie j 

Walker. Died March 28, 1896. They had: 1st child, 9th I 

Gen.— Martha Walker Pittman. Born Dec. 27, 1892. 4tli \ 

child, 8th Gen. — i\Larie Pittman. Died infancy. 5th child, ; 

8th Gen. — Trabue Pittman. Born June 20, 1870. Mar- \ 

ried Dec. 10, 1902, Louise Opel. 6th child, 8th Gen.— | 

Williamson Haskins Pittman. Born Mar. 21, 1872. Died ] 

March 4, 1901. i 

5th child, 7th Gen. — George Trabue Pittman. Settled i 

in St. Louis, Mo. | 

6th child, 7th Gen. — Jefferson J. Pittman. Died young. 
7th child, 7th Gen.— Elizabeth J. Pittman. 
8th child, 7th Gen.— Charles T. Pittman. 

9th child, 7th Gen. — Ann Asa Pittman. Educated at 
Greenville Institute, Harrodsburg, Ky., and at Madam 
Conda's French Academy, New York City. Married 
Zackary Frederick Smith, born January 7, 1827. He was 
son of Zachary Smith and Mildred Peay Du Puy. Mildred 

was the daughter of Joseph Du Puy and his wife Nancy \ 

Peay. Joseph Du Puy was the son of Bartholomew Du 1 
Puy and his wife Mary Mottley. Bartholomew Du Puy 

was the son of Captain John James Du Puy, and Captain 1 

John James was the son of Bartholomew Du Puy and i 

Countess Susanne La Villain Du Puy. j 

230 i 



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ELIZABETH BL'FORl) CHAMBERS TRABUE 

Daughter of 
ED3ign Simeon Buford, St., and Margaret Kirtley Buford 



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Trabue Family 



Children of Edward Trabue and his first wife Martha 
Haskins Trabue, continued: 

4th child, 6th Gen. — George Washington Trabue. Born 
in Woodford Co., Kentucky, February II, 1793. Died at 
the home of his daughter Helen Trabue Terry, wife of 
William Terry, at Louisville, Ky., September 5th, 1873. 
Married January 13, 1S20, Mrs. Elizabeth Buford Cham- 
bers, of Woodford Co., Ky. Elizabeth Buford Chambers 
was the daughter of Simeon Buford, who served in the 
Revolutionary War, and Margaret Kirtly his wife. She 
was the widow of John T. Chambers, whom she had mar- 
ried Thursday, November 14, ISll. They had one beauti- 
ful daughter, ^Margaret. Elizabeth Buford Chambers was 
born in Woodford Co., Kentucky, December 8, 1794, and 
died at her own home, "Pleasant Green," in Glasgow, Ky., 
lovingly attended by her daughter, Elizabeth Dupuv Van 
Culin, of Philadelphia, Pa., August 30th, 1869. She is 
buried in the pretty little cemetery in Glasgow, Kentucky, 
beside her husband, George Washington Trabue. 



THE KIRTLEY FAMILY 

Sir Francis Kirtley, the first of the family of Kirtleys in 
America, ;married Margaret Roberts, daughter of John 
Roberts, of Virginia. 

They had two sons: 1st child — William Kirtley, of Cul- 

peper Co., Va. Married . Had: Daughter — 

Margaret Kirtley. Married Ensign Simeon Buford, Sr. 
Son — Francis Kirtley. Married Elizabeth Walker. An- 
other son. 

Ensign Simeon Buford, Sr., and Margaret Kirtley had 
daughter Elizabeth Buford who married, first John T. 
Chambers and had one daughter Margaret. Married 
second, George Washington Trabue, son of Edward Trabue 
and Martha, or Polly Haskins Trabue. 

George Washington Trabue and Elizabeth Buford 
Chambers were married by Rev. Zacheus Quessinbery, at 
the home of her father in Barren Co., Ky. She was the 

231 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

widow of John F. Chambers, whom she had married Nov. 
14th, 1811. Rev. J. Howe married them. She came of the 
fine old English family of "Beauford," or "Bufort." 'Mr. 
Chambers died Mav 16, 1815. She had one daughter, 
Margaret Chambers', born Jan. 18, 1815. Died Aug. 17, 
1829. This little daughter was greatly beloved by our 
grandfather and much mourned by him and his wife. Her 
early death seemed to them both a very great loss. — Lillian 
Du Puy Van Culin Harper. ; 

» 

The children of George Washington Trabue and Eliza- ; 

beth Buf ord Chambers Trabue were : \ 

1st child, 7th Gen. — Joseph B. Trabue. Born December 
22, 1820. Died March 27, 1845. Married Judith E. 
MuUins 1843. 1st child, Sth Gen. — Benora Trabue. Born 
March 26, 1844. Died 1845. ■ 

2nd child, 7th Gen. — Benjamin Franklin Trabue, M. D. ! 

Born October 6, 1822. Married June 12, 1855, Delia Ander- ^ 

son daughter of Rev. Henry Tompkins Anderson. Dr. | 

Trabue died Nov. 29, 1905. Mrs. Delia Anderson Trabue i 

was born September 21, 1837. Died February 25, 1901. j 

She was the daughter of Rev. Henry Tompkins Anderson ■ 

and Jane Buckner Anderson. Jane Buckner Anderson was 
the daughter of Aylett Buckner. 

Rev. H. T. Anderson was for forty years a well-known 
minister in the Christian Church and made an English 
translation of the New Testament from the original Greek. 

Dr. B. F. Trabue and Delia Anderson Trabue had: '■ 

1st child, Sth Gen. — Henry Buckner Trabue. Born 
March 19, 1856. Married first Rosa Drane, February, 
1879. She died February 17, 1901. They had: 1st child, 
9th Gen.— Henry Drane Trabue. Born 1880. IMarried 
Tuesday January 11, 1910 Rhoda Boatman, daughter of j 

John Boatman and Ellen Jones Boatman. Henry and 
Rhoda Trabue had: 1st child, 10th Gen. — Benjamin Ter- j 

rell Trabue. Born May 24, 1911. 2nd child, 9th Gen.— 
Annie Belle Trabue. Bom 1882. Married 1900, Clarence 



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Carter. Died September 27, 1909. They had: 1st child, 
10th Gen.— Gordon Carter. Born September 1, 1905. 2nd 
child, 10th Gen. — Rosa Catherine Carter. Born July 24, 
1909. 3rd child, 9th Gen.— Gordon Carlisle Trabue. Born 
1884, son of Henry B. and Rosa Drane Trabue. 

Henry Buckner Trabue married second time, Minnie 
Belle Jolly, daughter of John Jolly. 4th child, 9th Gen. — 
Benjamin Thomas Trabue. 

2nd child, Sth Gen. — Kate Buckner Trabue, daughter of 
B. F. Trabue, ^1. D., and Lelia Anderson Trabue was 
born September 28, 1858. Married March 19, 1878, Joseph 
Underwood Rogers, who was born October 30, 1854. Joseph 
and Kate B. Trabue Rosers had: 1st child, 9th Gen. — 
Lelia Rogers. Born May 12, 1879. Married October 18, 
1900, Bartlett Graves Dickinson. Bartlett Graves Dickin- 
son was the son of Wm. and Lizzie Graves Brents Dickinson 
and grandson of Samuel Brents and Elizabeth Graves 
Brents, and great-grandson of Bartlett Graves, of Barren 
Co., Ky. He was also grandson of Thos. Childs Dickinson. 
Bartlett Graves Dickinson and Lelia Rogers Dickinson had: 
1st child, 10th Gen. — Joseph Rogers Dickinson. Born 
December 21, 1901. 2nd child, 10th Gen.— Brents Dickin- 
son. Born May 7, 1904. 2nd child, 9th Gen. — Edmund 
L. Rogers, son of Joseph U. Rogers and Kate Buckner 
Trabue Rogers. Born August 19, 1883. 3rd child, 9th 
Gen. — Benjamin Trabue Rogers. Born May 9, 1887. 4th 
child, 9th Gen.— Tohn Rogers. Born March 4, 1891. 

3rd child, 8th "Gen.— Helen Trabue. Born April 24, 
1860. jNIarried 1881 Jerry Black Leslie, son of Gov. Pres- 
ton Hopkins Leslie and his wife, Louisa Black Lesle. Jerry 
and Helen Trabue Leslie had: 1st child, 9th Gen. — 

Louisa Leslie. Born September 3, 1882. Married 

Beste, 1882. Had: 1st child, 10th Gen.— Helen Beste. 
Born March 14, 1912. 2nd child, 9th Gen.— Lelia Trabue 
Leslie. Born November 1, 1885. Married Februarv 14, 
1906, Robert Philip Jackson. Born July 5, 1880. They 
have: 1st child, 10th Gen. — Helen Agnes Jackson. Born 



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Genealogy, avith Brief Sketches 



November 10, 1906. 2nd chiM, 10th Gen.— Ruth Leslie 
Jackson. Born December 8, 1912. R. P. Jackson's family 
— Agnes Adelia Whitaker and Robert Philip Jackson. Mar- 
ried at Atlanta, Ga., 1874. Agnes Adelia Whitaker. Born 
1854. Died 1899. Robert Philip Jackson. Born 1850. 
Died 1882. 3rd child, 9th Gen. — Mattie Karl Leslie. Born 
March 9, 1888. Died May 16, 1891. 4th child, 9th Gen. 
— Helen Leslie. Born October 12, 1892; married Easter 
Sunday, April 12, 1914, to Charles R. Lowery, at Great 
Falls, Montana. 

4th child, 8th Gen. — Benora Trabue. Born December 4, 
1861. Married March 30, 1881, Albert Pinkney Terrell, 
son of IMonroe Terrell, of Mississippi. Had: 1st child, 9th 
Gen.— Clarence Monroe Terrell. Born May 15, 1882. 2nd 
child, 9th Gen. — Allen Price Terrell. Born November, 
1884. 3rd child, 9th Gen.— Delia Terrell. Born June, 
1887. Married Obed John Stallings. 4th child, 9th Gen.— 
Benjamin Buford Terrell. Died. 5th child, 9th Gen.— 
Katherine Garnett Terrell. Born 1894. 6th cliild, 9th Gen. 
— George Terrell. Born 1897 in Camden Point, Mo. 

Children of George Washington Trabue and Elizabeth 
Buford Chambers Trabue continued: 

3rd child, 7th Gen. — Helen, or Judith Trabue. Born 
Glasgow, Ky., November 16, 1824. Died in Louisville, Ky., 
December 2nd, 1893. Married William Terry September 
8, 1842. William Terry was born in Todd Co., Ky., 
November 6th, 1816, and died in Louisville, Ky., as a result 
of poisoning at a wedding breakfast, April 25, 1891. They 
had: 1st child, 8th Gen. — George Washington Terrv. 
Born July 17, 1844. Died January 25, 1871.' 2nd child, 
8th Gen.— Elizabeth (Bettie) Terry. Born July 10, 1846. 
Married Rev. Mortimer Murray Benton. Born February 
18, 1841. They had two children: 1st child, 9th Gen.— 
William Terry Benton. Born June 25, 1870. Married 
Frances Keller, daughter of Esten Keller. They had: Ist 
child, 10th Gen. — Mortimer Murray Benton. Born at Lex- 
ington, Ky., April 12, 1906. 2nd child, 9th Gen. — Angeh-n 
Clemmons Benton. Born at Summit, N. J., November 9, 



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1S71. Died at Redlands, California, April 1901. Angelyn 
Clemmons Benton was noted for her great beauty, which 
was of a pure and classic type. — Ed. 

3rd child, 8th Gen. — Mary Crank Terry. Born Septem- 
ber 15, 1848. 

4th child, 8th Gen. — William Terry, Jr. Born December 
23, 1850. Married Mary Whips Sep'tember 1897. 

5th child, 8th Gen.— John Terry.- Born 1852. 

6th child, Sth Gen. — Alvah La Mar Terry. Born in 
Philadelphia, Penna., May 17, 1855. 

Alvah La Mar Terry married Elizabeth Loving in 
Louisville, Ky., July 15th, 1880. He was the son of 

William Terry born , died April 25th, 1891, and 

Helen Trabue born November 16, 1824, Glasgow, Ky. 
Died December 2nd, 1893. William Terry was the son of 
William Morris Terry who was born March 31st. 1786, in 
Virginia, and married December 18th, 1806, in Virginia to 
Elizabeth McGelice Crank, who died August Sth, 1827, in 
Todd County, Kentucky. 

William Morris Terry was son of Nathaniel Terry, of 
Virginia. Alvah La IMar Terry has been for forty-three 
years connected with the largest dry-goods house in the 
South, J. M. Robinson, Norton & Co. He has also served 
for twenty-five years as a vestr}Tnan in Calvary Episcopal 
Church, in Louisville, Ky. His beautiful character speaks 
for itself. 

Elizabeth Loving Terry was born November 4, 1858 at 
Bowling Green, Ky. She was the daughter of John Loving 
and Susan Regina Patterson Loving, and granddaughter 
of John Loving, of Lovington, and Elizabeth Spencer 
Loving on the paternal side. On the maternal side she 
was the granddaughter of Richard Patteson, of Warren 
County, Ky., and Caraline R. P. Campbell, Warren County, 
Kentucky. 

John Loving was born September 20, 1827, Warren Co., 
Ky. Died November 18, 1897, at the home of his son-in- 
law, Alvah La Ivlar Terry, after an illness of five weeks in 
Louisville, Ky. 

235 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Susan Ref^ina Patteson Loving was born August 26, 
1832, Warren Co., Ky. Died April 25, ISSO. 

Richard Patteson was the son of Charles Patteson and 
Regina De Graffenraid. 

Charles Patteson was the son of Jonathan Patteson and 
his wife, Elizabeth , of New Kent County, Virginia. 

Caraline R. P. Campbell was the daughter of Charles 
Campbell and Susan Reynolds Campbell. 

Alvah La Mar Terry and Elizabeth Loving Terry had: 
1st child, 9th Gen. — John Loving Terry. Born Sunday, 
December 4th, 1881. 2nd child, 9th Gen.— Alvah La Mar 
Terry, Jr. Born Saturday, July 26th, 1884. Residents of 
Louisville, Ky. 

7th child, 8th Gen. — Helen Terry, called "Little Sister." 
Born 1857. Died August, 1862. "a beautiful child and 
was much beloved. 

8th child, 9th child (twins), 8th Gen.— Frank Caldwell 
Terry, Florence Henderson Terry. Lived but a short time. 

10th child, 8th Gen. — Napoleon Buford Terry. Born 
February 16, 1862. ^Married Mattie Snowden December 
17, 1899 who was the daughter of Joseph and Lucy Giltner 
Snowden, and granddaugliter of Samuel Busey Snowden 
and his wife Martha Bowen Snowden, all of Oldham Co., 
Kentucky. Napoleon Buford Terry died in Louisville, Ky., 
July 1, 1907. 

11th child, 8th Gen.— Babe. Eorn 1864. Died same 
day. 

12th child, 8th Gen. — Maude Baker Terry. Born Sun- 
day morning September 9, 1866. Married Thursday 
December 27, 1892. 

Henry De Bow, who was born September 25, 1849, in 
Hartsville, Tennessee, was the youngest son of Dr. Archi- 
bald McCadden De Bow and Nancy Green Brevard De 
Bow, of Hartsville, Tennessee. Both of these families the 
De Bows and the Brevards are of fine old Huguenot stock. 

Dr. Archibald M. De Bow had thirteen children, four 
daughters and nine sons. Dr. Archie studied at Chapel 
Hill, North Carolina. He and his wife were consistent 
236 






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members for many years of the Cimiberland Presbyterian 
Church, at Hartsville, Tennessee. He spent an active life 
in the practice of his chosen profession at that place. They 
both died and are buried there. 

Henry M. De Bow has lived in Louisville, Ky., since 
1873. See the "De Bows" and the "Brevards" in this 
volume. Ed. 

They had: 

1st child, 9th Gen.— Helen Terry De Bow. Born 
Wednesday morning, January 30, 1895. 

2nd child, 9th Gen.— Elizabeth De Bow. Born Thurs- 
day, September 2, 1897. 

Children of George Washington Trabue and Elizabeth 
Buford Chambers Trabue continued: 

4th child, 7th Gen. — Sarah Ann Trabue. Born August 
14, 1827. Died September 2, 1828. 

"This beautiful little flower survived the changes of the 
seasons one full year and 20 days. Being then prepared and 
perfect in fragrance, she was transplanted from this to a 
heavenly clime on the 2nd day of September, 1828." — 
Written by my grandfather George Washington Trabue, in 
his family Bible, at Pleasant Green, Glasgow, Kentucky. 
Ed. 

5th child, 7th Gen. — Elizabeth Mary Trabue. Born 
December 31, 1830. Died March 15, 1833. Killed by a 
fall of a heavy piece of timber on which she was at play, 
causing her immediate death. 

Again my grandfather wrote: 

"In hope we now give back, 
What to us was given. 
) -■ •'. That we may meet again ' .; 

Our lovely babe in heaven." 

6th child, 7th Gen.— Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue. Bom 
May 31st, 1835, Glasgow, Ky. Died Philadelphia, Penna., 
Sunday evening, August 15th, 1909. Married Thursday 
at noon, December 1st, 1853, by Rev. Henry T. Anderson, 
at Glasgow, Ky., at her father's home, to Samuel Ware 
Van Culin, of Philadelphia, Penna. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Samuel Ware Van Culin was born April 29, 1824, in ■ 

Salam, New Jersey, on his father's farm. He was the son 
of John Van Culin and his wife Sarah Ware Hall, widow. 
Samuel Ware Van Culin died in Philadelphia, Penna., 
Thursday, October 12, 1S87. 

John Van Culin, the father of Samuel Ware Van Culin, 
was born in Salem, N. J., August 22, 1789. Died in Salem I 

April 14, 1824. His wife, Sarah Ware Hall, widow was s 

the daughter of Jacob Ware and Sarah Thompson Ware. ! 

Sarah Thompson Ware was born May 22, 1791. She 
was married to John Van Culin (her second husband) May 1 

21, 1812: She died at the home of her son Samuel Ware j 

Van Culin, in Philadelphia, October 30th, 1856. ' 

Samuel Ware Van Culin was a lineal descendant, in the i 

sixth generation of Judge Woolla, or William, Swanson, ; 

and in the seventh generation of his father Sven Gender- ■ 

son, who came to Philadelphia from Sweden in the year ,; 

1639, and who received his grant of land in Philadelphia 
from the young Queen Christiana of Sweden. Samuel i 

Ware Van Culin was also the sixth generation from Johanus i 

Von Kolin, who with his wife, Anneje bought land in ^ 

Philadelphia in 1679. His son Jacobus, or James, Van 
Culin married Bridgitta Swanson, daughter of Judge 
Woolla, or William, Swanson, and granddaughter of Sven ( 

Gonderson, one of the very earliest settlers in Philadelphia. i 

All this may be fully authenticated by records at our His- ' 

torical Society of Pennsylvania, here in Philadelphia, and 
by deeds and wills to be found at City Hall, in Philadelphia, 1 

Pennsylvania. 

The children of Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin ■ 

and Samuel Ware Van Culin, of Philadelphia, Penna., \ 

were : i 

1st child, 8th Gen. — Trabue Van Culin. Born at 7.30 ; 

A. M., in Philadelphia, Pa., September 27, 1854. Now a 
resident of Los Angeles, California. Married June 1, 1899, 
Minnie Meyers Van Culin. 1st child, 9th Gen. — Samuel 
Van Culin. Born January 30, 1901. 



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The "Van Ciilin" Lot in Woodlands Cemetery, Philadelphia. Pa. 
oodlands is on the Schuylkill River and was the Colonial Mansion 
)use and Park of tlie Hamilton Family. Trabue Van Culin of Los 
igcles, Cal., and Mrs. Lillian Du Puy Van Culin Harper of 
iladelphia, Pa., are standing on the left. 



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Tr.vbue Family 



2nd child, 8th Gen. — Lillie, or Lillian, Du Puy Van 
Culin. Born in Philadelphia, Ta., at 4 A. M., October 5, 
1856. Married first time Thursday December 1, 1881, to 
Reverend Joseph Leslie Richardson, of Alt. Eden, Ken- 
tucky. He died at 1618 Green street, Philadelphia, Pa., at 
the home of his wife's father, Saml. W. Van Culin, Novem- 
ber 5, 1887, aged 36 years. 1st child, 9th Gen.— Clarence 
Leslie Richardson. Born Sunday, 2 A. jSL, November, 19, 
1882. Died Sunday evening, 6 o'clock, January 7, 1883, 
aged 7 v.-eeks. "A fair and beautiful boy." Rev. Richardson 
and Baby Clarence are both buried in Philadelphia's beau- 
tiful Cemetery of "Woodlands." Married 2nd t?me, Thurs- 
day, 4 P. M., September 24, 1896, Thomas Roberts Harper, 
of Philadelphia, Pa. Son of Daniel Roberts Harper and 
his wife, Susanah Roberts Harper. 

3rd child, 8th Gen. — Samuel Ware Van Culin, Jr., or 
2nd. Born June 18, 1859. Died March 23, 1884", aged 
24 years 9 months and 5 days. Unmarried. 

4th child, 8th Gen. — William Townsend Van Culin. Born 
in Philadelphia, Pa., July 27, 1864. Married October 16, 
1889, in Denver, Colorado, jNIinnie Meyers, daughter of 
Samuel W. Meyers. They had: 1st child, 9th Gen.— 
V/illiam Townsend Van Culin, Jr. Born in Denver, Col., 
May 6, 1890. ISLarried May 3, 1913, Florence Mitchell. 
They had: 1st child, 10th Gen.— Philip Van Culin. Born 
about 7 P. M., July 7, 1914. 2nd child, 9th Gen.— Trabue 
Van Culin, Jr. Bom Denver, Col., July 29, 1891. 

5th child, 8th Gen.— Du Puy Van Culin. Born Phila- 
delphia, Pa., at 12 midnight, December 17, 1867. Married 
October 13, 1890, Carrie Alay Young, daughter of George 
Washington Young and his v>ife Frances Perce Helverson, 
widow of Nicholas Helverson, who was a resident of Dela- 
ware. 

George Washington Young was born in Southampton 
Twp., Bucks Co., Penna., and v;as the son of Samuel and 
Mary Evans Young. George W. Young died June 6th, 
1914, aged 83 years. 

23'J 











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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Frances Perce Helve rson Young was born February 22, 
1835, and died at the home of her son-in-law, Du Puy Van 
Culin, in Philadelphia, Pa., March 13, 1896, aged 61 
years and 19 days. 

Frances Perce Helverson Young was a very beautiful woman. — Ed. 

Children of George ^^'ashington Trabue and Elizabeth 
Buford Chambers Trabue, continued: 

7th child, 7th Gen. — George Washington Trabue, Jr. 
Born January 21, 1839, Glasgow, Ky. Died April 29, 1869. 
Married May 24, 1860, Mary T. Wade, of Glasgow, Ky. 
They had: 1st child, 8th Gen. — Buford Trabue. Born 

January 29, 1861. Died . 2nd child, 8th Gen.— 

Elizabeth Trabue. Born July 13, 1862. Died November 
1, 1863. 3rd child, Sth Gen.— Nellie E. Trabue. Born 

August 21, 1865. Married Lewis. 4th child, Sth 

Gen.— Bettie T. Trabue. Born December 4, 1867. Died 
January 7, 1875. 

In the pretty cemetery at Glasgow, Kentucky, I copied the following: 
"George W. Trabue, son of Edward and Martha Trabue, b. Feb. 22, 
1793, D. Sep. 5, 1873." 

"Elizabeth, b. Dec. 8, 1794- . , , - . 

Died .A.ug. 30, 1869." >',--,. ■■. 

Geo. \V. Trabue. Jr., • • : ' 

b. Jan. 21, 1839. 
d. April 29, 1869." 
"Bettie, dau. of G. \V. and Mary Trabue, b. Dec. 4, 1867. d. Jan. 7, 
1875- 

"Sutler little children to come unto me for of such is the kingdom 
of Heaven." 

"Sacred to the memory of 
Joseph B. Trabue. 
born Dec. 22, 1820, 
died March 27. 1843. 
A Member of the Christian Church." 

"Benora, b. Mar. 26, 1844, d. June 24, 1845, daughter of J. B. and 
J. E. Trabue." 

I found the following in the old Court House in Glasgow, Kentucky: 
"H. G. Twyman, married Mary J. Helm, Feb'y 23rd, 1859. Mar. by 
Jepe Smith." 

"Jeremiah Hatcher married Mary E. Waldrop April 14, 1859. Mar. 
by Rev. N. G. Serry." 

"John Kirtley married Susan M. Xuckols November 3. 1839." 

"T. H. Hatcher married America Butler Anderson November 2nd, 
1865." 

"Polly Buford married Henry Crutcher March 17, 1808." 
1. 240 



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Trabue Fa^iily 



10th child, 5th Gen.— Edward Trabue. Born 1762. Died 
Tuly 6, 1814, aged 52 years. Married 2nd time, Jane E. 
Clay daughter of Rev. Eleazer Clay, of Chesterfield Co., 
Va. Jane E. Clay Trabue the 2nd wife of Edward 
Trabue, was married to him October 2, 1797. She was 
born January 1, 1776, and died at the home of her son- 
in-law Taylor Jones, and daughter Cynthia Trabue Jones, 
in Ralls, Missouri, June 8, 1845, aged 69 years and 5 
months. They had : 

5th child, 6th Gen. — Charles Clay Trabue, son of 
Edward Trabue and Jane E. Clay. IMoved to Missouri and 
then to Nashville, Tennessee. Alarried when 21, July 5, 
1820 to Agness Greene Woods by Rev. Mr. Craighead, at 
Robt. Woods in Nashville, Tenn. She was the daughter of 
James Woods, Esq., of ^lontgoraery Co., Va., and his wife 
Nancy Ra^burn. .Igncss Greene Woods Trabue was born 
November 7th, 1799. 

Charles Clay Trabue was born in Woodford County, Ky., 
August 27th, 1798. He was descended from the Hugue- 
nots, who emigrated from France. About the age of 1 7 he 
served in the campaign under General Jackson in Florida 
as a Sergeant in the Kentucky company, but was trans- 
ferred before the end of the campaign into General Jack- 
son's Life Guard. 

He was appointed to a clerkship in the United States 
Bank at Nashville in 1818. He was married in July, 1820, 
to Agnes G. Woods, daughter of James Woods. They 
removed shortly afterwards to Missouri, in which state he 
served one term in the Legislature. Remained in Missouri 
10 years. He removed to Nashville, Tenne. Was elected 
Mayor of that city in 1839 and again in 1840. 

He was seized with brain fever in 1840, and died a little 
after daylight November 24th, 1851. 

Charles and Agness Trabue had: 

1st child, 7th Gen. — James Woods W^alker Trabue. Born 
June 5, 1821. Died in Ralls Co., Mo., September 8, 1830, 
aged 9 years 3 months 3 days. 

241 



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Genealogy, avith Brief Sketches 

2nd child, 7th Gen. — ^Martha Ann Sommerville Trabue. 
Born July 5, 1823. Married George T. Thompson Janu 
7, 1845, in Nashville, Tenn. 

3rd child, 7th Gen. — Anthony Edward Du Puy Trabue. 
Born April 2, 1825. ^Tarried at Covington, Ky., February 
26, 1864 Christiana Hans IManley. They had: 1st child, 
8th Gen.— Martha T. Trabue. Married Bragg Glasscock. 
They had: 1st child, 9th Gen.— Ethel Green Glasscock. 
2nd child, 9th Gen. — Laura Glasscock. 3rd child, 9th Gen. 
—Ray E. Glasscock. 4th child, 9th Gen.— Stella Gertrude 
Glasscock. 2nd child, 8th Gen. — Christine Trabue. :Mar- 
ried W. G. Robertson. They had: 1st child, 9th Gen.— 
Kittie R. Robertson. 2nd child, 9th Gen. — Christine M. 
Robertson. 3rd child, 9lh Gen. — Lucile Robertson. 4th 
child, 9th Gen.— William G. Robertson. 5th child, 9th 
Gen. — Agnes T. Robertson. 3rd child, 8th Gen. — Taylor 
Jones Trabue. Married Honor Williamson. They had: 
1st child, 9th Gen.— Van Culin Trabue. 4th child, 8th 
Gen. — Mary Glen Trabue, b. July 1, 1874. ■Married Sam- 
uel D. Shaw. They had: 1st child, 9th Gen.— INIartha 
Glen Shaw. Born September 15, 1898. 

Children of Charles Clay Trabue and Agness Greene 
Woods Trabue continued: 

4th child, 7th Gen. — Joseph Thomas Crutcher Trabue. 
Born February 4, 1827. Died at Nashville, Tenn., Sep- 
tember 19, 1880. Never married. 

5th child, 7th Gen. — Jane Woods Clay Trabue. Born 
November 24, 1828. Married at Nashville John Houston 
Reynolds, of Memphis, September 26, 1850. 

6th child, 7th Gen. — Sarah Elizabeth Trabue. Born 
March 29, 1830. Married 1st, June 7, 1853, John B. 
Stevens. Married 2nd, Colonel William R. Shivers, C. S 
Army. Died at Shreveport, La., March 21, 1876. 

7th child, 7th Gen. — Charles Henry Clay Trabue. Born 
Wednesday, September 8th, 1834. Was mortally wounded 
and was buried on the battlefield, Sharpsburg, ^^laryland, 
September 19th, 1862. Aged 28 years. 






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Trabue Family 



8th child, 7th Gen.— Robert Wood Howell Trabue. Born 
in the evening of January 9, 1837. Married in Ralls Co., 
INIissouri, September 26, 1868, Mary Marlin Bibbs. Robert 
W. H. Trabue died in Missouri November 19, 1878, aged 
41 years. They had: 1st child, Sth Gen. — Joan Trabue. 
Born August 15, 1869. Married June 1, ISSS, Wm. Winn. 
2nd child, 8th Gen.— Addie Trabue. Born July 2, 1871. 
Married George ISI. Briscoe. 

9th child, 7th Gen. — John George Washington Trabue 
was born February 21, 1839. Died in New York City jSIay 
1, 1884, aged 45 years. Services were held at his residence 
by Dr. McNeilly and Dr. Witherspoon. John G. W. Trabue 
married in Nashville, November IS, 1868, Ellen Dunn, 
daughter of Colonel Wm. D. Dunn, of Ixlobile, Ala., and 
his wife Louise Horton. Ellen Dunn was born January 
25, 1849, and died at 8.30 A. M. Wednesday, August 22, 
1883. She was buried at Mt. Olivet. 

The children of John George W. Trabue and Ellen Dunn 
Trabue were: 

1st child, 8th Gen. — William Dunn Trabue. Born Sep- 
tember 24, 1869. Married Lucinda O'Bryan. They had: 
1st child, 9th Gen. — George O'Brvan Trabue. 2nd child, 
9th Gen.— William D. Trabue. 3rd child, 9th Gen.— Ellen 

Dunn Trabue. 4th child. 9th Gen.— . Sth child, 

9th Gen. — Charles Clay Trabue. Born November 2, 1906. 

2nd child, Sth Gen. — George W. Trabue. Born Feb- 
ruary 7, 1871. Died March 11, 1903. 

3rd child, Sth Gen.— Charles Clay Trabue. Born March 
9, 1872. Lawyer at Nashville, Tenn. Married November 
4, 1909, Julia ^lalone, daughter of Thomas Henry Malone, 
member of the bar, and his wife Ellen Fall, and grand- 
daughter of Alexander Fall and his wife, Elizabeth Horton 
Fall, and great-granddaughter of Joseph White Horton and 
his wife, Sophia Western Davis Horton, and great-great- 
granddaughter of Frederick Davis and his wife Dorcas 
Gleaves Davis, who came as pioneers in 1780 from North 
Carolina to the new state of Tennessee. 
243 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Julia Malone Trabue was born at Nashville, Tenn., 
where all her people had lived, February 4th, 1876. 

Charles Clay Trabue and his wife Julia INIalone Trabue, 
had: 

1st child, 9th Gen.— Charles Clay Trabue, Jr. Born 
August 10, 1910. 

2nd child, 9th Gen. — Thomas ]\Ialone Trabue. Born 
August 15, 1912. 

4th child, 8th Gen. — Louis Horton Trabue. Born March 
5,1874. Died June 27, 1875. 

5th child, 8th Gen.— Anthony E. D. Trabue. Born 
April 28, 1875. 

Children of Edward Trabue and his 2nd wife Jane E. 
Clay Trabue continued: 

6th child, 6th Gen.— John E. Trabue, M. D. Married 
Elizabeth Atkinson. They had: 1st child, 7th Gen. — 
Thomas E. Trabue. 2nd child, 7th Gen. — Jane E. Trabue. 
Married Foster. 3rd child, 7th Gen. — Susan Tra- 
bue. INIarried Turner. 4th child, 7th Gen. — Ara- 
bella Trabue. Married Stewart. 5th child, 7th 

Gen. — Sylvia Trabue. Married Latimer. 

7th child, 6th Gen. — Martha, or Patsev Trabue. Born 
1803. Died July 11, 1833. Married April 6, 1S19, Aaron 
Trabue. Aaron Trabue was born January 12, 1793. Died 
December 29, 1877. Aaron Trabue married 2nd time, 
December 7, 1835, Martha Cheatham. Lived near Jersey- 
ville, Illinois. Aaron Trabue was the 4th child and 3rd 
son of Stephen and Jane Haskins Trabue, and the grand- 
son of John James Trabue and his wife 01}Tnpia Du Puy 
Trabue. 

8th child, 6th Gen. — Jane E. Trabue, twin with Cynthia 
Trabue. Born Woodford Co., Ky., November 7, 1805. 
Died Winchester, Mo., January 20, 1888, at the home of 
her son Jacob Lewellen. Jane E. Trabue married in Mis- 
souri, 1824, John White Lewellen, of W'elsh descent. 
244 



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Tr.\bue Family 



9th child, 6th Gen. — Cynthia Ann Trabue, twin with 
Jane E. Trabue. Born Woodford Co., Ky., November 7, 
1805. Died New London, Missouri, June 26. 1886. Mar- 
ried May 31, 1825, Taylor Jones, of Ralls Co., Mo., son of 
Harrison Jones, whose father came from Wales. Taylor 
Jones was born in Virginia, 1805. Died March 7, 1885. 

10th child, 6th Gen. — Susan Trabue. !slarried Philip 
Clayton. Lived near Alton, Illinois. They had: 1st child, 
7th Gen. — George Clayton. 2nd child, 7th Gen. — Charles 
Clayton. 3rd child, 7th Gen. — Nancy Clayton. Married 

Bell. 4th child, 7th Gen.— William' Clayton. 5th 

child, 7th Gen. — Jane Clayton. Married Todd. 

6th child, 7th Gen.— John Clayton. 

11th child, 6th Gen.— Matilda O. Trabue. Born Feb- 
ruary 16, 1808. Died 1881. Married July 15, 1824 Amos 
Sutton. 

12th child, 6th Gen. — Prince Edward Trabue. Born 
December 9, 1812. Died October 20, 1890. Married 
October 30th, 1834 Lydia Neville. They had: 1st child, 
7th Gen. — William E. Trabue. Born December 17, 1835. 
Married 1862 Matilda Summers. 2nd child, 7th Gen.— 
Charles Clay Trabue. Born 1838. Married 1885, Jane 
Conly. They had: 1st child, 8th Gen.— Ruth Trabue. 
Born 1886. 

3d child, 7th Gen.— Elizabeth Jane Trabue. Born 1841. 
Married 1859, John Summers. 

4th child, 7th Gen.— Mohala Ann Trabue. Born 1844. 
Married Thomas Raredon 

5th child, 7th Gen.— Lucy P. Trabue. Born 1847. 
Died 1897. Married 1862, Humphrey Jones. 

6th child, 7th Gen. — Nancy Agnes Trabue. Born 1850. 
Married 1879 Simeon Ross. They had: 1st child, 8th 
Gen.— Bertha Ross. Born 1880. 2nd child, 8th Gen.— 
Carle Ross. Born 1883. 3rd child, 8th Gen. — Clarence 
Ross. Born 1887. 4th child, 8th Gen.— Irene Blanche 
Ross. Bom 1889. 5th child, 8th Gen. — Simeon Milan 
Ross. Born 1892. 



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Genealogy, a\-ith Brief Sketches 

7th child, 7th Gen.— John Thomas Trabuc. Born 1853. 
Married 1899. 

Children of John James Trabue and his wife Olympia 
Du Puy Trabue, continued: 

11th child, 5th Gen. — Stephen Trabue. Born February 
2, 1766. Died November 24, 1833. Married July 24, 
1788 Jane Haskins, daughter of Colonel Robert Ha skins 
and his wife Elizabeth Hill Haskins. Jane Haskins 
Trabue was born October 12, 1767. Died September IS, 
1833. 

Stephen and Jane Haskins Trabue had: 

1st child, 6th Gen. — Chastain Haskins Trabue. Born 
November 25, 1796. Died September 2, 1852. Married 
November 20, 1818 Elizabeth Trabue, who was the third 
daughter of Commissary General James Trabue and Jane 
E. Porter his wife. Elizabeth Trabue was born February 
11, 1799. Died December 9, 1849. Elizabeth Trabue was 
grand-daughter of John James and Olympia Du Puy 
Trabue and great grand-daughter of Captain John James 
Du Puy and his wife, Susanna Le Vilain, and great-great- 
granddaughter of Barthelemi and Countess Susanne Le 
Vilain Du Puy. Chastain Haskins Trabue and Elizabeth 
Trabue had nine children. 

1st child, 7th Gen. — Stephen Fitz James Trabue. Law- 
yer. Born in Bourbon County, Kentuckv, September 19, 
1819. Died in Louisville, Ky., December 13, 1898. He 
studied law at Transylvania University, Lexington, Ky. 
He resided for fifty-seven years in Franklin County, near 
Frankfort, Ky., and practiced law for many years in that 
city. He was an earnest, eloquent public speaker, and a 
lawyer of fine ability and scholarly attainments, being 
thoroughly versed in Latin, Greek and French. He was 
possessed of those traits of character which had great influ- 
ence on those of his time, and did much to help forward 
a newer spirit of action. For further information see 
"Biographical Encyclopaedia of Kentucky," 1878. 
246 



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Trabue Family 



Stephen Fitz James Trabue, lawyer, married June 1, 
1854 Alice Elizabeth Berry born November 2, 1835. Died 
August 16, 1S93. Daughter of Edmund Taylor Berry and 
Sara Frances Taylor Berry. Edmund Taylor Berry was 
long a resident of Henry Co., Ky. Alice Elizabeth Berry 
Trabue was the sister of Surgeon William Berry, U. S. A. 
1861. Also sister of Admiral Robert M. Berry, United 
States Navy. 

Stephen Fitz James Trabue and his wife Alice Elizabeth 
Berry Trabue had six children: 

1st child, 8th Gen. — Edmund Frances Trabue, Esquire. 
Born at the old Colonial Home "Weehawken," March 25, 
1855. He was a graduate of Louisville Law School and 
practiced law in Louisville, Ky. Married Caroline Bullitt 
Cochran, daughter of Gavin Hamilton Cochran and 
Lucinda Wilson Cochran. Gavin Hamilton Cochran was 
President of the Louisville School Board for over twenty- 
five years. Edmund Frances Trabue, Esquire, and Caro- 
line Bullitt Cochran Trabue had: 1st child, 9th Gen. — 
Lucinda Cochran Trabue. Born December 8, 1885. 

2nd child, 8th Gen. — Stephen Fitz James Trabue, Jr. 
Lawyer. Born June, 1857. Graduate of University of 
Virginia. Married September, 1892, Annie South daugh- 
'er of Samuel South, of Frankfort, Ky. They had: 1st 
child, 9th Gen. — Virginia Taylor Trabue. Born October 
31, 1898. 2nd child. 9th Gen.— Marion Edgar Trabue. 
Born November 3, 1901. 

3rd child, 8th Gen.— Willett Coates Trabue. Lawyer. 
Born October 29, 1859. Married July, 1894, Mrs. Belle 
Moore Dabney. No issue. 

4th child, 8th Gen.— William Berry Trabue. Died 
1861. Aged 5 months. 

5th child, 8th Gen.— Robert Berry Trabue. Born Octo- 
ber 6, 1869. Married December 1892, Maud Barr, of 
Lochloman, Louisiana. They had: 1st child, 9th Gen. — 
Stephen Fitz James Trabue, 3rd. Born September, 1902. 
247 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

2nd child, 9th Gen. — Isaac Haskins Trabue. Born 
May, 1904. 

6th child, 8th Gen. — Alice Elizabeth Trabue, daughter 
of Stephen Fitz James Trabue and Alice Elizabeth Berry 
Trabue. Born February 4th, 1876. 

2nd child, 7th Gen. — Aaron Trabue, son of Chastain 
and Elizabeth Trabue. Born February 19, 1821. Died 
August 2, 1823. 

3rd child, 7th Gen. — Marian Trabue. Born February 
21, 1823. Died February 12, 1853. 

4th child, 7th Gen. — Henrietta Jane Trabue. Born 
May 24, 1826. Married 1853 Dr. Miles Cooper Nisbet, 
son of Judge George Nisbet. Henrietta Jane Trabue Nisbet 
died November 23, 1903. They had: 1st child, Sth Gen. 
—Elizabeth Nisbet. Died infancy. 2nd child, 8th Gen.— 
Marian Nisbet. Died infancy. 3rd child, 8th Gen. — 
Milus Nisbet, Jr. Born 1857. ' 

Sth child, 7th Gen. — Isaac Hodgen Trabue. Lawyer. 
Born March 23, 1829. Graduate of Transylvania Uni- 
versity, Lexington, Ky., 1854. Officer in the U. S. A. 
during the Civil War. He was a staunch Republican. He 
was born in Russell Co., Ky. Married 1865 in Savannah 
Georgia, Virginia Taylor. He and his wife emigrated to 
Florida. He died July 16, 1907. 

6th child, 7th Gen. — William Chastain Trabue. Born 
May 22, 1834. Died March 12, 1875. Never married. 

7th child, 7th Gen.— Ann Elizabeth Trabue. Born 
1836. Died October 7, 1905. Married Charles W. Gill. 

Sth child, 7th Gen.— Judith Helen, or Judelle Trabue. 
Born February 4, 1839. Married Dr. Thomas A. Mac- 
Gregor. Judith Helen Trabue MacGregor died June 22, 
1900. They had: 1st child, Sth Gen.— Chastine Eliza- 
beth MacGregor. Born July 26, 1872. Married November 
21, 1899, Ernest Washburn Sprague. They had: 1st 
child, 9th Gen. — Chastine MacGregor Sprague. Born 
November 28, 1902. 2nd child, 9th Gen.— Ernest W. 
Sprague, Jr. Bom September 13, 1904. Died July 6, 
248 



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Trabue Family 



1906. 3rd child, 9th Gen. — Helen Elizabeth Sprague. 
Born April 12, 1906. 2nd child, 8th Gen.— Mathilda 
Lewis INlacGregor. Born April 24, 1878. Married Joseph 
Miller Huston. Born February 23, 1866. They had: 
1st child, 9th Gen. — Judelle MacGregor Huston. Born 
August 21, 1902. 2nd child, 9th Gen. — Craig Huston. 
Born August 16, 1904. 

9th child, 7th Gen. — Joseph Henry Trabue, son of 
Chastain and Elizabeth Trabue. Born February 22, 1841. 
Died October 15, 1876. Never married. 

Some years ago I went to Frankfort, Kentucky, and vis- 
ited Miss Alice Elizabeth Trabue, our kinswoman, daugh- 
ter of Stephen Fitz James Trabue. I greatly enjoyed seeing 
their fine old homestead, a few miles from the city of Frank- 
fort. This homestead had been in her father's possession 
since 1839. 

It was a perfect day, and all nature responded to the 
thoughts in our hearts of our ancestors, James, Daniel, 
Edward and Stephen Trabue, and their noble wives, and 
little children, going out to the western part of Virginia, as 
it then was, and doing their best to help form the new 
state of Kentucky! 

After leaving the old Colonial home, I drove through the 
Cemetery of Frankfort and in a very handsome old 
mausoleum I read the following inscriptions: 

"S. F. J. Trabue, 

Born September ig, 1819. 
Died December 13, 1898." 

"Alice E. Berry Trabue, wife of S. F. J. Trabue, 
Born November 2, 18,^5. , 
Died August 16, 1898." 

Children of Stephen Trabue and his wife, Jane Haskins 
Trabue, continued: 

2nd child, 6th Gen. — Rebecca Trabue. Born August 
3, 1789. Daughter of Stephen and Jane Haskins Trabue. 
Married John Hill. Died June 15, 1834. 

249 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

3rd child, 6th Gen.— Ilaskins D. Trabug. Born Decem- 
ber 24, 1790. Died February 13, 1860. Married Novem- 
ber 20, 1S16, Olympia Willson. 

4th child, 6th Gen. — Aaron Trabue. Born January 12, 
1793. Married 1st, April 6, 1819, Martha Trabue. 
Married 2nd, December 7, 1835, Martha Cheatham. Born 
1809. Died October 26, 1893. Aaron Trabue died 
December 29, 1877. 

5th child, 6th Gen. — William Trabue. Born March 7, 
1795. Married 1st, Elizabeth McDowell. Married 2nd, 
Elizabeth Haskins Caldwell. 

The date of the marriage of William Trabue and Eliza- 
beth McDowell was November 21, 1816. Elizabeth Mc- 
Dowell was born January 26, 1801, and died September 
24, 1831, at the age of thirty years. It is interesting to 
note the fact that Elizabeth McDowell was a great-niece 
of Robert Burns, the beautiful poet. Elizabeth was the 
daughter of Benjamin McDowell, who had married, 
November 25, 1799 Hannah Doughaty. Benjamin and 
Hannah lived in Columbia, Adair County, Kentucky. Ben- 
jamin McDowell died September 6, 1822. Benjamin was 
the son of Ephraim McDowell who married Elizabeth 
Burns, niece of Robert Burns. Ephraim and Elizabeth 
Burns McDowell had settled on Staten Island. 

Wm. Trabue and Elizabeth McDowell Trabue had: 

1st child, 7th Gen. — Emily Trabue. Born April 6, 
1819. Married John Lewis, October 28, 1836. Died 1891. 

2nd child, 7th Gen. — Elizabeth Ann Trabue. Married 
David Winston. 

3rd child, 7th Gen. — Hannah J. Trabue. Married 1st 
Lindsey Watson. Married 2nd Robert Anderson. 

4th child, 7th Gen. — Harriet 01}Tnpia Trabue. Married 
Joseph Winston. They had: 1st child, 8th Gen. — Joseph 
K. Winston. 

5th child, 7th Gen.— Benjamin McDowell Trabue, M. D. 
Born 1826. Married Fannie E. Sale, daughter of Dr. L. 
250 



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TR.AJ3UE Family 



P. Sale, of Todd County, Ky. They had: 1st child, 8th 
Gen. — William H. Trabue. Born 1855. Lived in New 
York City. Married Corinne Fall Boyd. 2nd child, 8th 
Gen. — Leroy P. Trabue, M. D. Married Maria Jefferson. 
3rd child, 8th Gen.— Helen M. Trabue. Married E. U. 
Bland. 4th child, Sth Gen.— Ben. McDowell Trabue. 
Married Bessie Morrison. Sth child, 8th Gen. — Elizabeth 
Burns Trabue. Unmarried. 6th child, Sth Gen. — Jennie 
Trabue. Died, aged 3 years. 7th child, Sth Gen. — Annie 
B. Trabue. Married H. P. Gray. Sth child, Sth Gen.— 
Mattie Y. Trabue. Unmarried. 9th child, Sth Gen. — 
Etta H. Trabue. Unmarried. 

Children of William Trabue and Elizabeth McDowell, 
continued : 

6th child, 7th Gen. — William Trabue. Died in infancy. 

Line of William Trabue and his 2nd wife, Elizabeth 
Haskins Caldwell: 

7th child, 7th Gen. — Laura Alice Trabue. Died Novem- 
ber, 1875. Married John D. Wickliffe. 

Sth child, 7th Gen. — Nancy Lucretia Trabue. Died 
February, 1892. Married F. C. Shearer. 

9th child, 7th Gen. — Matilda Jane Trabue. Unmarried. 

10th child, 7th Gen. — Lucy Ellen Trabue. Unmarried. 

11th child, 7th Gen. — Edward Haskins Trabue. 



CALDW^ELL. 

1st Gen. — Caldwell, of Scotland, moved to Ireland, 
shortly after the Conquest, 1690. 

2nd Gen. — John Caldwell. Born in Ireland. Married 
in Ireland Margaret Phillips. They had five children 
born in Ireland and one born in America. John Cald- 
well, the Emigrant, came to America with Moore, 
Dudgeon and Ritchy who had married his sisters, and 
Dougherty who had married a sister of Margaret Phillips. 
251 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



That Dougherty was the grandfather of Thomas Dough- 
erty of Kentucky, clerk of the Lower House of Congress, 
and 'also the grandfather of Ann Dougherty who married 
John Rodgers, who was in Nashville, Tenn., May 11, 1825. 

The Caldwell party landed at Newcastle, Delaware, the 
very day that George II was proclaimed King of England 
1727. They went thence to Chestnut Level, Tenna.; thence 
to Albemarle County, Virginia. 

Ann Phillips Caldwell died in Albemarle Co., Va. Mar- 
garet Caldwell, the only daughter, married the father of 
John Rodgers, in Albemarle Co., Va. Thence the party 
went ^till further south, probably to Lunenburg, Va., 
where they founded in 1742 or 1743 the "Caldwell Settle- 
ment." 

John Rodgers was born and married there _ to Ann 
Dougherty, and moved to Kentucky, near Danville 1781 
having at that time six children. 

2nd Gen.— John Caldwell, the Emigrant and Margaret 
Phillips Caldwell had: 

1st child, 3rd Gen.— William Caldwell. Died in Vir- 
ginia. His widow moved to South Carolina. Their daugh- 
ter Martha was the mother of John C. Calhoun. 

2nd child, 3rd Gen.— Thomas Caldwell. Died in Vir- 
ginia. 

3rd child, 3rd Gen.— David Caldwell. Died in Virginia. 
His widow moved to Kentucky, with her children. 

4th child, 3rd Gen.— Margaret Caldwell. Married 1st, 
Rodgers, who died October 1750. Had five chil- 



dren. 

4th Gen.— Margaret Rodgers. Born 1744 Hanover 
Co., Va. Married Abraham Irvin, a Revolutionary soldier, 
by whom she had four sons and a daughter, some of whom 
came to Kentucky. Margaret married 2nd, 1785, Colonel 
James Smith, an explorer, soldier, missionary and author 
who died in Washington County Kentucky, 1812. 

4th Gen.— The brother of Margaret Rodgers was John 
Rodgers. Born 1746 at the Caldwell Settlement and 












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married there to Ann Dougherty. Moved to Kentucky 
178] . John Rodgers died in 1836. He had: 

5th Gen. — Sadie Dougherty. Married Randal Mc- 
Gavock. Lived at Franklin, Tenn. 

5th Gen. — Ann Phillips Rodgers. Married Felix 
Grundy. 

4th Gen. — Margaret Caldwell Rodgers then went to 
Kentucky and married 2nd. James Mitchell. Margaret 
and James had live children. 

5th child, 3rd Gen. — John Robert Caldwell. Moved to 
South Carolina. 

6th child, 3rd Gen. — James Caldwell. Called the 
"Fighting Parson." 

Taken from a letter written from John Rodgers, dated 
Nashville, Term. May 11, 1825 to his cousin, Elias Boudi- 
not Caldwell, of Washington City. 

Louisville Courier Journal. 
■ ' Sunday morning April 19, 1896. 

Line of Stephen Trabue and Jane Haskins Trabue con- 
tinued : 

6th child, 6th Gen. — Edward Trabue. Born November, 
1798. Married Mary Rogers. 

7th child, 6th Gen.^ — Frances Trabue. Born August 11, 
1800. Married Claiborne Woolridge. Died March 1838. 

8th child, 6th Gen. — Elizabeth Trabue. Born Februarv 
7, 1804. Married William Gill. 

9th child, 6th Gen. — John James Trabue. Born Febru- 
ary 7, 1806. Died March 1, 1808. 

Children of John James Trabue and his wife 01\Tnpia 
Du Puy Trabue continued : 

12th child, 5th Gen.— Elizabeth Trabue. Born Feb- 
ruarv 28, 1768. Died .August 6, 1835.. Married April 
14, 1794 Fenelon R. Willson. Born England February 
14, 1768. Died about 1838. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

loth child, 5th Gen.— Samuel Trabue. Born 1770. 
Died 1777, aged 7 years. 

14th child, 5th Gen.— Susanna Trabue. Born 1772. 
Died January 24, 1862. Married April 17, 1793 Thomas 
Major. He was born December 25, 1769. Died Franklin 
County, Kentucky, JNIay 6, 1846. Thomas and Susanna 
Trabue iSIajor were married by James Du Puy the Baptist 
preacher. 

15th child, 5th Gen.— Judith Trabue. Born 1774. 
Married John Major. Lived in Illinois. 

Tlie four sons of John James Trabue and his wife Olympia Du Puy 
Trabue, viz., Wilham Trabue, Colonel Daniel Trabue, Edward Trabue, 
and Stephen Trabue, married the four daughters of Colonel Robert and 
his wife Elizabeth Hill Haskins, viz., Elizabeth Haskins, Mary Haskins, 
Martha, or Patsey Haskins, and Jane Haskins. 

This, I think, is rather a remarkable record. 

L. D. P. V. C. Harper. 

Of the sons of Olympia and John James Trabue five of them served 
in the Revolutionary' War. Their first sou was Commissary General 
James Trabue. He was also Surveyor of the Western Territory of Vir- 
ginia, soon to become the State of Kentucky. 

Their second son and fifth child John Trabue, no issue, became a 
Colonel in the Revolutionary War, and was also Deputy Surveyor of 
Kentucky Lands. 

William Trabue their third son and sixth child was a Sergeant in 
the Virginia Line, and was a prisoner at Charleston, South Carolina. 

Their fourth son and eighth child. Daniel Trabue, was only sixteen. 
but served as a Private under Captain Matthew Scott, Captain Morely 
and Colonel Goode against Lord Dunmore. He became a Colonel, also 
Issuing Commissary General. 

Edward Trabue their fifth son was at Guilford County Court House, 
and when the war was over, he and his wife Alartha Haskins Trabue, 
a daughter of Colonel Robert Haskins and his wife Elizabeth Hill, of 
the Hills of Surrey, both of English origin, and descendants of the early 
Virginia Colonists, emigrated to Kentucky. They there built for them- 
selves a handsome home in Woodford County, near the Kentucky River, 
and their mother Olympia Trabue died there at the age of 93 years. 

This is also, I think, rather a noticeable fact that five 
sons of one family James, John, William, Daniel and 
Edward Trabue should respond to their country's call for 



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A VISIT TO THE OLD VIRGINIA HOMESTEAD 
OF THE "TRABUES" 

While returning from a visit to Florida we stopped over 
at Richmond, Virginia, to rest. Remembering that it was 
but a short distance to the home of the Du Pays and 
Trabues, I made up my mind I would take a trip out there, 
and see it for myself. I took the train on the Southern 
Railroad to a small to\\'n called Midlothian. 

There, securing a good team, I was driven seven miles 
to the old Huguenot Church, two miles beyond the Post- 
office called "Huguenot," in Powhatan County. We 
stopped off first at the old sulphur spring, one mile this 
side of the church. 

We had a good drink of the pure sulphur water and 
knew that many a tim.e these folks of ours had stopped and 
quenched their thirst at that very spring. 

As we came towards the spring, the question arose as 
to what we should drink out of; but our difficulty was 
soon solved for us by the appearance of two stalwart men, 
who had just come from the spring bearing large buckets 
of its odoriferous (?) waters upon their shoulders. The 
young gentleman who was driving me immediately 
descended, and told the men I desired a drink. One of 
them handed my driver the entire pail; he brought it over 
to me and I had a long, good, cool drink. The driver 
went and refilled the pail at the spring, and politely handed 
it back to the old man. We then went on our way. 

At the old church, we went all around, both inside and 
out, and into the ancient graveyard which surrounds the 
church. The tombstones have all been removed, or 
crumbled away to mother earth. This beautiful little 
Episcopal church is built on the old foundation, and is the 
original ^Nlanikintown Church of the first Huguenot settlers. 
We have written records of what took place there from its 
foundation in 1700 to 1745. The church is very quaint and 
has four good-sized bronze crosses on its roof that we left 
glittering in the evening sunset. 

255 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

The condition of the church is excellent. It has two old- 
fashioned entrances. It is all in perfect order, as it was 
thoroughly gone over just three years ago (1904 was the 
time of my visit). The ancient font, from which the 
rector baptized, is of white marble, and stands just below 
and in front of the pulpit. This is a very quaint and curious 
piece of workmanship. The old benches on either side of 
a central aisle still remain and serve to seat the present 
congregation, as also the old loft or gallery is still there, 
where the colored slaves were accommodated with a hear- 
ing of the church services each Lord's Day. 

The room is probably fifty by thirty feet. The road up 
to the church is the old Buckingham Stage Road, and is 
kept in fairly good condition. I had such a strong feeling 
that I was near the home of our ancestor, Bartholomew Du 
Puy, that I asked my friend to drive me across the opposite 
land and show me the James River. He complied with my 
request, and the following day, when I was in Richmond, 
I asked to read tlie description of the land bought by Bar- 
tholomew Dupuy, as it is given in the deed kept at the 
Court House there. 

The deed said the land extended from the Glebe, or 
church land, to the river, so I doubt not I was then passing 
over the land that had been their early homestead in this 
new world. It was here, in the cold, wintry weather and in 
the midst of attacks from the Indians, that their thoughts 
turned in loving longing to their sunny homes in France. 
Yet it was here that they remained, that they and their 
children and their children's children should worship God 
in peace and security, according as each heart should 
dictate. 

The little church had stood there all these years, point- 
ing upward, and its bright crosses have helped lift the 
hearts of even the passer-by to the thought of Heaven, and 
the Christ who died for all, and so their works did follow 
them and still stand as a silent and loving testimony after 
two centuries have passed away. Think not that thy work 
shall cease at thy death, for "God carries on His work, 
although He may remove His workmen." 

256 









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We then turned and drove about nine miles to the home 
of the Trabues. There was a Mrs. Bass, who occupied the 
old home, in \'irginia, when I was there in 1904. It belongs 
to Mr. Stafford Phillips, who was the nephew of Mr. Macon 
Trabue, who was the son of Macon Trabue. It is all in the 
most perfect condition. The outlook from the old mansion 
is exceedingly fine. I saw it about sunset and was charmed 
with it. It seems to have been built at three different times, 
as each part, although connected and making one whole, 
shows different workmanship. The doors and windows are 
large and the rooms are more or less square, and, besides 
being unusually large, have very spacious comfortable fire- 
places, ready for great logs to burn in them. An old door, 
not now in use, in the main or center part of the mansion, 
with its old original wooden bar, which their hands must 
have touched, was of especial interest to me. Altogether, 
my visit there and the kindness shown me made a place for 
itself in my memory never to be erased. 



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A VISIT TO THE KENTUCKY HOMESTEAD 
OF THE "TRABUES" 

The old homestead of the Trabues, in Kentucky, is situ- 
ated on the Clear Creek and Shannondale Pike. Mr. S. D. 
Elmore, six miles from Versailles, owned it, when I made 
my visit to it (Wednesday, August 24, 1904). 

I went to Versailles over the Louisville and Southern 
R. R., seventy-four miles, crossing the wonderful High 
Bridge just after leaving Tyrone, about three hours out 
from Louisville. 

Reaching Versailles and procuring a team, we proceeded 
along the old Lexington Pike four miles, to Clear Creek. 
We then drove along the Shannondale Pike about two miles, 
or over, until we came to the place. I had located this by 
a search of the old land deeds at the Court House in Ver- 
sailles. Our ancestor, Edward Trabue, had sold the place 
to James Quarles. 

James Quarles had sold it to John Brandt. ISIr. Brandt 
had placed some improvements on it and sold it to Mr. S. 
D. Elmore, in 1852. It is and was a most beautiful old 
place. A noble avenue of tall pine trees leads up to the 
house. This is of old brick, two and a half stories high 
with gabled rooms. Fine tall columns form an imposing 
front. 

Mr. Elmore greeted us most cordially and took us at 
once to stand beside the old graves. They are back to the 
right about five hundred feet in what was once the Trabue 
Family Burying Ground. By examination, we could locate 
the three graves, Edward Trabue's, his wife's and his 
mother's, Olympia Du Puy Trabue. 

This home is in the old blue-grass region and is very, 
very old in all its appurtenances. All the negro cabins and 
various out-buildings are very old in their appearance. 
Inside the mansion it is the same; ever}-thing in the way 
of woodwork is in hard old walnut wood, beautifully dark 
in its rich quality. The presses, which reach to the ceiling, 
and the various cupboards above and below, in each room, 



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are of solid walnut. The large old, wide fireplaces would 
charm the e}'e of an "antiquary." 

We went doun to the old log house, which the present 
owner has had removed to the rear. They suppose this to 
be the original home built first of all. The logs composing 
the house show great age. After our most courteous host 
had shown us ever}1;hing and even taken us upstairs to the 
living rooms, we bade him adieu. 

We then drove nine miles further towards Troy, to see the 
old Ebenezer Church, which is now a ruin, but an exceed- 
ingly picturesque one. Many of the early settlers are buried 
here in this cemetery, which surrounds the church. The 
whole situation is most commanding and takes in a most 
charming view of all the surrounding country. 

It was apparently a perfect day, and nature seemed to 
present to us one of her most picturesque panoramas! 

As niglit was fast coming on we returned speedily, as 
we had a real Kentucky horse, to Versailles, and the next 
day returned to Louisville. The whole trip more than 
repaid me, and it has laid up blessed memories for me for 
the years to come ! Editor. 



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THE LOCATION OF THE TOMB OF 
EDWARD TRABUE 

The tombs of Edward Trabue and his mother, Olympia 
Du Puy Trabue, are seven miles from Versailles, near or 
at Milner, Kentucky. Mrs. C. C. Neale is the lady who 
wrote our cousin, Anna Pittman Smith, of Louisville, Ky., 
about them. Mrs. Anna Pittman Smith had a picture of 
the old homestead in oil. It was a large and beautiful 
place. Anna Pittman's mother was the first who drew it, 
and Cousin Anna had it enlarged and framed. She has 
now (1912) passed onward. 

Mr. Dean and his old friend, Mr. Grey, helped me find 
the deeds of land in the Court House at Versailles. Their 
knowledge and perseverance saved me many hours of 
labor. Mr. Morris drove me out to the old homestead and 
I owed much to his unfailing Kentucky courtesy. Ed. 

:f: ***** * 

To be a "Daughter of the American Revolution," one 
must have an ancestor from whom she is a lineal descendant, 
and this ancestor must have seen actual service in the War 
of 1 775-1 783, in which the American colonies achieved their 
Independence. 

******* 

To be a "Colonial Dame," one must have an ancestor 
from whom she is a lineal descendant who had held office 
or rendered such service as is prescribed by each State, 
prior to 1750. 



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Erected on the farm 
of James Quarles. in 
Woodford County, 
Kentui-ky. H miles 
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EDWARD TKABUE 






'< WHO DIED JILY 6. 1«U 






AGE Si YEARS 






HE WAS THE SON OF JOHN JAMES 






AND GRANDSON OF ANTHONV TIIABLE 






WHO CAMF, FROM FRANCE AND 






SETTLED AT JAMESTOWN. VA. 






ON THE LEFT SLEEI'S H LS FIRST WIFE 






xMARTHA 






AND HIS MOTHER 






OLYMPIA Dil'UY 




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The above was copied by Lillie Du Puy Van Culin Harper from an old 
sheet of paper found in my grandfather's desk, George Washington Trabue 
of Glasgow, Kentucky, son of Edward Trabue and grandson of John Jaraes 
Trabue and Olvmpia Uu Puv Trabue his wife. 



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D. A. R. PAPERS OF "; 

LILLIE DU PUY VAN CULIN HARPER 
TO EDWARD TRABUE 

The part of Daniel Trabue's MSS. which will show the 
"service of Edward Trabue" and make each of his female 
lineal descendants, if she so desires, a "D. A. R." 

"Brother Edwd. T. came home from the Suthern army 
he told us how he was in the battle at Gilford and that he 
was at Gates Defeat in the battle and as they all broak and 
run as he run on some Distance their ^^'aggoer Jumped 
off his horse and ran and left it. Edward took out the sad- 
dle horse and mounted him he looked back and no light 
horse a coming and the Bri Infintry close by but he thought 
he would take as much time as he would save something 
out of the wagon and took his Col Forkner Port ISIantue 
and a pair of saddle bags but the British had got close to 
him and ordered him to stop but he asked no favours now 
as he was on a horse. Col Forkner has frequently told me 
of the exploit of Edward Trabue in saveing his Things for 
him. brither Edward agreed to go with me to sell my 
spirits." — (Exact portix^n of the MSS.) 

From "Trabue Narrative, Vol. 57, George Rogers Clark 
Mss., Draper Mss. collection," in Library of Wisconsin 
State Historical Society. Copied by S. C. Stuntz, ISIarch 
21, 1902. 



Daughters of American Revolution Papers of 

Mrs. Lillie Van Culin Harper, 

Wife of Thomas Roberts Harper 

State of Pennsylvania City of Philadelphia 

QU.A.KER City Chapter 
No. of Chapter, 266 National Number, 40610 

Edward Trabue, Virginia 
Application examined and approved, September 18, 1902. 
Edward Trabue, born in Virginia, 1762. Died in Ken- 
tucky on the 6th day of July, 1814. 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

I was born in the city of Phila., Penn. I am the 
daughter of Samuel Ware Van Culin and Elizabeth Du 
Pay Trabue. The said Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue was the 
daughter of George Washington Trabue and Elizabeth 
Buford Chambers, his first wife. 

The said George Washington Trabue was the son of 
Edward Trabue and Martha Haskins, his first wife. 

The said Edward Trabue was the son of John James 
Trabue and Olympia Du Puy. 

He, the said Edward Trabue, was the ancestor who served 
. . . as Private Soldier in the Southern Army, under 
General George Rogers Clark. 



D. A. R. PAPERS OF 

LILLIE DU PUY VAN CULIN HARPER 

TO COLONEL ROBERT HASKINS 

Daughters of American Revolution Papers of 
Mrs. Lillie Van Culin Harper, 

wife of THOMAS ROBERTS HARPER. 
descendant of colonel ROBERT HASKINS. 

Frederick Co., Va., Born 1732-1804. Aged 72 years. 
Application examined and approved April, 1905. 

Colonel Robert Haskins, of Frederick Co., Va., and his 
wife, Elizabeth Hill, who died aged 84 years, April 13, 
1817. 

Robert Haskins was born 1732 and died in Greensburg, 
Ky. (eleven miles from Greensburg), on the 2nd day of 
December, 1804, aged 72 years. 

I was bom in city of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania. 

I am the daughter of Samuel Ware Van Culin and Eliza- 
beth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin, his first wife. 

The said Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin was 
daughter of George Washington Trabue and Mrs. Eliza- 
beth (Buford) Chambers, his first wife. 






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Trabue Fajsiily 



Said George Washington Trabue was son of Edward 
Trabue and Martha Haskins, his first wife. 

Said ISIartha Haskins was daughter of Colonel Robert 
Haskins and Elizabeth Hill, of the "Hills of Surry," his 
first wife. Colonel Robert Haskins is the ancestor who 
assisted in establishing American independence in the ca- 
pacity of Colonel in the Revolutionary War. 

Ancestor's Service 

"Colonel Robert Haskins was an officer in the Revolu- 
tionary War." 

"When the war was over, Edward Trabue married, first, 
Martha Haskins, a daughter of Colonel Robert Haskins, 
an officer of the Revolution ; his wife was Elizabeth Hill, of 
the 'Hills of Surry.' " 

"Both Col. Robert Haskins* and Elizabeth Hill Has- 
kins were of English origin, descendants of early Virginia 
Colonists." 

Quoted from "Americans of Gentle Birth, Their Ances- 
tors and Descendants," by Mrs. W. H. Pittman, of St. 
Louis, ]\Io. 

"Virginia County Records, Chesterfield County," Vol. 6, 
p. 240: 

"At a meeting of the Committee for Chesterfield County 
at the Court House on the 25th day of October, 1775, the 
following gentlemen were chosen officers for the Militia of 
the county, Robert Haskins, Lieutenant Colonel." 

*To be a linpa! descendant of the above is sufficient to make one a 
"Colonial Dame."— Ed. 



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Genealogy of Brief Sketches 



Daughters of American Revolution Papers of 

LILLIE DU PUY VAN CULIN HARPER TO 
ENSIGN SIMEON BUFORD, JR. 

Daughters of AiiERicAN Revolution Papers of 
Mrs. Lillie Van Culin Harper, 
wife of thomas roberts harper. 

Address, 1921 North 12th Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Chapter No. 266 National Number 40610 

Quaker City Chapter 

Simeon Buford, Sr., Private and Ensign 

Application examined and approved July 31, 1905. 

Simeon Buford, Sr. Born in Culpepcr Co., Va., 1756. 
Died in Barren Co., Ky., 1840. 

I was born in city of Philadelphia, Penna. 

I am the daughter of Samuel Ware Van Culin and Eliza- 
beth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin, his first wife. Elizabeth 
Du Puy Trabue Van Culin was daughter of George Wash- 
ington Trabue and ^Slrs. Elizabeth (Buford) Chambers, 
widow, his first wife. Her first husband was John T. 
Chambers (one child; died young). 

The said Elizabeth (Buford) Chambers was daughter of 
Simeon Buford, Sr., and Martha KMey Buford, his first 
wife. 

The said Simeon Buford, Sr., is the ancestor who assisted 
. in the capacity of Private and Ensign in Colonel 
Abraham Buford's Company and in Colonel Steven's Regi- 
ment. 

Private and Ensign in Col. Abraham Buford's command. 

Col. Abraham Buford was an older brother of Simeon 
Buford, Sr. 

Simeon Buford, Sr., enlisted at Culpeper Co. Court 
House, Va. His name is borne on the pension roll of 1835, 
with a pension from 1832 "for six months' or more service 
Continental Line." 












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Trabue Family 



His pension was allowed for eleven months' service as a 
Private, and eighteen months' service as an Ensign in the 
Virginia Troops, Revolutionary War. 

See "Genealogy of the Buford Family in America, With 
Records of a Number of Allied Families," by Com. Marcus 
B. Buford, U. S. N. 



TRABUE DATA. 



"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 11, p. 295: Among the fugitives 
at IManakin Town are, 

"Bartholemy Dupuy . . . from Champagne, 
. . . Anthoine Trabue from Montauban on the Tarn 
in old Guyenne." 

In a "list of the year 1714: 

"Barthelemy Dupuy has in his household 1 wife, 3 sons, 
2 girls or daughters — 7 persons." 

"Anthoine Trabue has 1 wife, 3 sons — 5 persons." 

"Jean Le Villain has 1 wife, 2 boys, 2 girls — 6 persons." 

"In 1753 was born to Jean La Villain a black girl. Her 
name is Esther. 

"In 1748 a black boy is born to Jean Jaque (John James) 
Dupuy, a black. His name is Simeon." 

Huguenot Register, Manakintown, Va. 

"Wm & Mary College Quarterly," Vol. 8, p. 92: 
"Marriage Bonds in Goochland Co., Va., August 21, 
1786, Daniel Trabue to Elizabeth Farrar." 

"Va. Co. Records, Williamsburg Wills," by Crozier, p. 46: 
Colonel Wm. Peachey, Essex Co., Virginia, in his Will, made Jan- 
uary, 1803, mentions Winifred Trebu as his sister. 



A tree of the Du Puy and Trabue families was prepared 
by Mrs. Martha J. Stovall. It was copied in ^Memphis, 
Tennessee, March 18, 1861, and was lithographed by S. C. 
Toof & Co., Memphis. I believe the original was destroyed 
in a fire, but there are some hand copies still in existence. 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Contributed by Samuel Logan Trabue 
Lawyer, of Rushville, Rush Co., Indiana. 

1. Samuel Logan Trabue, born Rush Co., Indiana, June 
29, 1878; eldest child. 

2. David McKee Trabue. 
5 3. Albert Lee Trabue. 

4. Harry Clifton Trabue. ' ' ' • 

5. Martha Trabue. Died in infancy. 

6. Lulu Trabue. Died in infancy. 

These are the children of Samuel Henry Trabue and 
Mary Jane McKee. 

L Samuel Henrv Trabue, born at Woodford Co., Ky., 
July 19, 1853. 

2. William Trabue; resides in California. 

3. James Castillion Trabue; lives in Missouri. 

4. Charles Price Trabue; now resides in Missouri. 

5. Mary Trabue, deceased. 

The above live children were born to Win. Wallace 
Trabue and Mary Hutchinson Trabue. 

Wm. Wallace Trabue died at Woodford Co., Ky., about 
the year 1900, aged 80 years. 

1. Wm. Wallace Trabue, died 1900, aged 80 years. 
Died Woodford Co., Ky. Married Mary Hutchinson. 

2. Mary Trabue. 

3. Martha Trabue. 

4. Sarah Trabue. 

These are the four children born to James Castillion 
Trabue and his wife. 

James Castillion Trabue is believed to be a son of James 
Trabue, but this is not definitely known. 

James Castillion or James Trabue removed to Missouri 
about the time of Civil War. 

Samuel Henry Trabue, father of Samuel Logan Trabue, 
of Rushville, Ind., thinks he is related to Stephen Trabue, 
commonly called "Little Steve," who, he thinks, was a 
lawyer at Frankfort, Ky. 



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Trabue F.ajiily 



James Trabue (probably had) : 

James Castillion or James Trabue. Married and had: 
William Wallace Trabue, who married }vlary Hutchinson, 
and had Samuel Henry, William, James Castillion, Charles 
Price, and IMary Trabue, deceased. Samuel Henry Trabue 
married Islary Jane ^McKee and had Samuel Logan Trabue. 

James Trabue (had probably) : 

Son, James Castillion, or James Trabue. He had son, 
Wm. Wallace Trabue. Married Mary Hutchinson, and 
had Samuel Henry Trabue. Married Mary Jane McKee, 
and had Samuel Logan Trabue, lawyer, born Rushville, 
Rush Co., Ind., June 29, 1878. 

Newspaper clipping, date and paper unknown. 

"Kokomo, Ind., Dec. 6. — By the death of a bachelor brother, the 
famihes of Marion Trabue and M. Simpson, of this county, and Louisa 
Landon, of Anna, 111., become lieirs to $3,000,000. 

"The testator. Colonel W. H. Tribbett, of Terry, Miss., disappeared 
from here when a boy. 

"He changed his name from Trabue to Tribbett, and was Colonel 
of a Mississippi regiment during- the war. Death disclosed his identity. 
His will provides that the estate be held in trust for 50 years' period, the 
interest going to educate all the beneficiaries' children of school age dur- 
ing the 50 years' period. All are to be given college educations, and 
another sum, equal to the school expenses, to start them in life, his idea 
being to educate the beneficiaries before entrusting them with the money. 
There are thirty-five children here to get the immediate benefit." 



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GRANTS OF LAND AND WILLS 

Data Gathered at Capitol, Frankfort, Kentucky, 
AND Chesterfield County Court House, Virginia 

Kentucky became a State June 1, 1792. 

Frankfort, Kentucky 

Grants of land were issued to John Trabue in Fayette 
County. 

To Daniel Trabue in Fayette County; also in Jefferson 
County. 

Three grants to Wm. Trabue in Fayette County. 

Six grants to James Trabue in Fayette County. 

One grant to Edward Trabue in Lincoln County. 

At Frankfort, Ky. "No. 2515." Land Office Military 
Warrant. To the Principal Surveyor of the Land set apart 
for the Officers and Soldiers of the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia: This shall be your Warrant to survey and lay off in 
one or more surveys for 

John Tr-a.bue, 

his heirs and assigns; the Quantity of two thousand six 
hundred sixty-six and two-thirds Acres of Land due the said 
John Trabue, in consideration of his services for the war 
as a Lieutenant in the Virginia Continental Line. Agree- 
able to a certiiicate from the Governor and Council, which 
is received into the Land Office. 

Given under my Hand and Seal of the said office this 
February 18, 1784. 

Frankfort, Ky. — Patent for Land. The survey was issued 
March 24, 1783. Patrick Henry, Esq., Gov. of Va., to 
Edward Trabue, by which he received a tract of 200 acres 
in Lincoln County. Edward Trabue was assignee of James 
Trabue, who is heir-at-law to John Trabue, deceased. 
Issued at Richmond, Va., December 2, 1785. 

Patent for land. 500 acres to James Trabue, heir of 
John Trabue, deceased, in Fayette Co. Issued April 4. 



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Trabue Family 



1780. Signed and affixed at Richmond, Va., April 24, 1786. 

Warrant for 1000 acres to John Trabue, in Fayette Co. 
Issued April 4, 17S0. On Jessamine Creek, a tributary 
of the Kentucky River, joining John Trabue Jr.'s 400 
acres. Signed by Governor at Richmond July 10, 1785. 

Frankfort, Ky. — I saw a deed of land to Edward 
Trabue from Andrew Holmes, dated October 24, 1795. This 
land is at Capital Hotel, center of Frankfort. Edward 
Trabue pays £25 for it. 

Saw deed at Frankfort, Ky., dated May 13, 1814, from 
Edward Trabue and Jane, his wife (Jane Clay, his second 
wife), of Woodford County, Ky., to Alexander Macey, for 
$180. 

(This was a lot in the heart of Frankfort. By examining 
the deeds we see that Edward Trabue had, in March 18, 
1800, already sold part of this lot.) . .. . 

Frankfort Ky. — "Land Office, Military Warrant, State 
of Kentucky, No. 2729. March 6, 1784. 

"To the Principal Surveyor of the Land set apart for the 
Officers and soldiers of the Commonwealth of Virginia : 

"This shall be your Warrant to survey and lay off . . . 
for William Trabue, his heirs or Assigns, the Quantity 
of two hundred Acres of Land, due unto the said William 
Trabue, in consideration of his services for three years as 
Sergeant in the Continental line, agreeable to a certificate 
from the Governor and Council, which is received into the 
Land Office. 

"Given under mv Hand and Seal of the said Office, this 
6th of March, 1784." 

Data I found at Frankfort, Ky. : 

Office Auditor of Public Accounts, Frankfort, Kentucky. 

"James Du Puy received a grant of 1000 acres in Fayette 
County, Kentucky. Also a grant of 3344 acres in Fayette 
Co., Ky. Also a grant of 1000 acres in Bourbon Co., Ky. 
Also another grant of 1000 acres in Fayette Co., Ky." 

John Du Puy received one grant of land in Fayette Co., 
Va., for 5054^4 acres. 

269 












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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

One of 200 acres in Lincoln Co. 

One of 1000 acres in Lincoln Co. ■■' -'-i" K f . . t 

One of 1000 acres in Fayette Co. '<'■' '1y ' -;■ 

One of 6000 acres in Fayette Co. :.)','. ;i '■ 

"Agreeable to a Resolution of Congress, bearing Date 
the 26th Day of May, 1783, the Bearer hereof, William 
Dupee, of the 1st Cavalry Regiment, has leave of Absence 
until called upon by proper authority to join his Corps, or is 
finally discharged. 

"Will Parsons, Junr. Capt. Comdt. Is. R. 

Charlestown, July 3d, 1783." 

;,, Land Bounty Voucher — Year 1784. _ .j .• ; 

Frankfort, Ky. — Bartholomew Du Puy has 20 patents to 
land in Fayette County, Ya., one of 2000 acres, one of 950 
acres. Signed and dated by the Gov. of Va., Patrick Henry, 
Esq., June 9, 1785. 

Frankfort, Ky. — Land Military Warrant No. 673 : 
"Colonel Abram Buford received 666 2-3 acres of land, 

in consideration of services for three years as Colonel of 

the Virginia Continental Line." 

Dated May 29, 1783. From Land Office of Kentucky, 

Vol 1, "Military Warrants." 

Land Military Warrant No. 3905. 

A tract of 200 acres of land was granted to John Buford 
by the Governor of Virginia in consideration of said John's 
services as a soldier in the Virginia Continental Line. Given 
June 21, 1785. No. 2. 

At Frankfort, Ky. 

A grant of 500 acres in Fayette County, issued February 
26, 1780; surveyed October 10, 1783. Lying in county of 
Fayette, on Jessamine Creek. May 4, 1786, and Tenth year 
of the Commonwealth of Virginia. To Reuben Tu-yman, 
given by Patrick Henry, Gov. 
270 



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Trabue Family 



A Treasury Warrant, 1789. 

Reuben Twyraan patented with John Walker and Robert 
Johnson a tract of land of 7537 acres, on Sandy River. 
Signed at Richmond by the Gov. Beverly Randolph, Lieut. 
Gov. of Va. 

Frankfort, Ky. 

Deed, June 22, 1832. Reuben Twyman, County of 
W^oodford, Ky., gives a number of negroes. "I, Reuben 
T^v>'man, for the love and affection that I bear my daugliter, 
Elizabeth Buford, wife of Simeon Buford, to her trustees, 
Manville T. Buford and Adaline A. B. Buford." 

At Frankfort, Ky., I saw a deed, dated September 10, 
1809. Negroes are transferred for the sum of $6470. This 
is a decision of the Franklin County Court of this date. — 
Mr. John Trabue. 

At County Clerk's Office, Chesterfield Co., Va., "Will 
Book," Vol. 1, p. 233, I found: 

"Will of Joseph Trabue, dated 3rd of December, 1756, 
oi Chesterfield County, Virginia, Dale Parish, do make and 
ordain this my last Will and Testament. To Brother 
Joshua Trabue, 327 acres plantation I now live on, when he 
comes to the age of 20 years. . . . 

"To Brother William Trabue, one negro Girl . 

"To Sister Elizabeth Trabue, one riding Horse and a 
Saddle. 

"Executors, Bros. John Trabue and David Trabue." 



Will of Joseph Trabue, probated in Court March, 1757. 
Presented by John Trabue. 

At County Clerk's Office, Chesterfield County, Va., "Will 
Book," Vol. 2, p. 208, I found: 

"Will of Jacob Trabue, dated 11th of August, 1767. 

"To Beloved Wife Mary . . . 

"To eldest son, John Trabue, all my land lying on Buck- 
ingham Road. . . . 

"To son David . . . 



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Genealogy, avith Brief Sketches 

"To son Joshua ... to have 'free liberty of diging 
Coles on the Land devised to son David during the term of 
ten years.' Also 100 acres. 

"To son Daniel, . . 

"Executors to sell land in King \Vm. Parish. 
' "Executors, ]\Iary, wife; sons John and David Trabue. 
Signed "J.A.COB Trabue." 

"Order Book IV," p. 128. "October Court, 1767. Will 
of Jacob Trabue probated." 

I found the following while working at Clerk's Office, at 
Chesterfield Court House, Virginia, August 15, 1906: 

"Will Book II," p. 213: 

Cumberland County, Va., February 28th, 1771. An 
order from Chesterfield Court, Va. One man slave is valued 
at £85, being part of the estate of David Trabue, deceased. 

P. 216: "Estate of David Trabue, with :*Iary Trabue, 
Administratrix. (Trabue's ac./1769, on margin.)" 

In "Orders, Vol 6, 1774," p..524: 

"May Court, 1784. 

"David Trabue, orphan of David Trabue, chooses W^m. 
Trabue for Guardian."* 

P. 179: November Court, 1777. A Deed from William 
Trabue to Ed. Moseley." 

At Chesterfield Court House, Va., County Clerk's Oflice: 

"Orders, Vol. 6, 1774," p. 153: 

"A Deed from John Trabue to Daniel Trabue. Decem- 
ber, 1777, Court." 

"Vol. 6, 1774," p. 337: January, 1782, Court. 

Deed from James Trabue to Daniel Trabue, proved by 
oaths of Edward Trabue. 

"Vol. 6, 1774," p. 476: September Court, 1783. 

Deed from Daniel Trabue to Edward Trabue. 

"Vol. 6, 1774," p. 481: September Court, 1783. 

Deed from John Trabue against Moles. Also deed from 
John Trabue to Gule Wood was recorded. 

"Orders, Vol. 6," p. 539: May Court, 1784. 

Joseph Trabue case against Mary Readdy. 






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Trabue Fa:mily 



P. 540, "Will Book No. 7": 

Daniel Trabue case against Matthew Keys. August 
Court, 1787, Chesterfield Co., Ky. 

At Clerk's Office, Chesterfield Co., Va. : 

P. 2, "Vol. 7 Orders, 1784": 

The wife of Daniel Trabue came into Court and relin- 
quished her right of Dower in certain Lands conveyed to 
Edward Trabue. A.ugust Court, 1784. 

P. 309, "Vol. 7 Orders, 1784": 

A Deed from Edward Trabue and Ohniph Trabue to 
Mathew Woodson. April Court, 1786. 

No. 1 

County Clerk's Office at Chesterfield Co., Va. 

P. 4, "Will Book No. 4," I found will of William 
Trabue, of the county of Chesterfield, dated July 24, 1785. 

I Leave my Kentucky land to my two daughters, Anne 
Trabue and Phebe Trabue and if wife should be with child 
all to have an equal part: 100£'s for each child. Lends to 
my well beloved wife Elizabetli Trabue the use of my 
whole estate. ... I do appoint and order Robert 
Haskins, Snr., James Trabue, Aaron Haskins, Daniel 
Trabue, Edward Trabue, Stephen Trabue, Robert Haskins, 
Jr., Edward Haskins, Creed Haskins to be my whole and 
sole Executors of this my last Will and Testament, where- 
unto I have set my hand and seal this 24th day of July, 
1785. Signed William Tr.abue. 

Vv''itnesses : 

Robert Haskins, Senr. 
Olimph Trabue 
Daniel Trabue 
Mary Trabue 
Judith Trabue. 

Proved by oaths of Robert Haskins, Sr., Olimph Trabue, 
Judith Trabue, on motion of Edward Trabue and Robt 
Haskins, two of the Executors there in mentioned, who gave 
Bond and took the Oath required by Law. A certificate for 

273 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

probate . . . was granted them at Chesterfield County 
Court April, 1786. 

p. 444^ "Will Book No. 4," at Chesterfield County 
Clerk's Office, Va. : 

Will of ISIary Trabue, of Chesterfield Co., King \\'m. 
Parish, dated November 16, 1789. 

To my grandson, Joshua Trabue, son of Daniel Trabue, 
1 negro boy, to have and to hold. To granddaughter, Polly 
Trabue, l' negro Girl. To gr. sons, John Trabue, Jacob 
Trabue, Thomas Trabue, brothers to Polly Trabue, 
... To Polly, all my wareing clothes . . . sons John 
Trabue and Daniel Trabue to be my Executors. 

her 
■ ' Signed Mary X Trabue. 

mark 
Witnesses: • , . ' 

Thomas Woolridge 

his ...,:• I" ;! r 

James X Foster 

mark > , ■ 

his 
Francis X Byers 
mark 

At Chesterfield County Clerk's Office, p. 383, "Will 
Book 4": 

John Trabue 

WILL 
Dated April 27, 1791, Chesterfield County. 

700 acres to wife Magdalan. 

Negroes to go to 3 children by her, William Trabue, 
Anthony Trabue, and to daughter, Francis Trabue, 100 
acres. 

To son, Jacob Trabue, 100 acres and 5 slaves. 

To son, Thomas Trabue, 200 acres and 5 slaves. 

To daughter, Polly, 100 acres . . . also slaves. 

All that comes from Thomas Elmore shall be divided 
between 4 children, John Trabue, Jacob Trabue, Thomas 
274 



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Trabue Family 



Trabue and Polly Trabue, they being the children of my 
dec'd wife, Elizabeth Elmore Trabue. 

Lands in Kentucky (the district of) divided between my 
seven children, viz., John, Jacob, Thomas, Polly, William, 
Anthony and Francis. 

Wife Magdalan and 3 sons, John Trabue, Jacob Trabue 
and Thomas Trabue, as Executors to this my last Will and 
Testament, to which I have set my seal this 27th day of 
April, 1791. Signed John Trabue. 

W^itnesses : 

Bernard Markham 
Thomas Branch 
Thomas Burton 

At Henrico Co. Court House, Richmond, Virginia. 

P. 531, "Deeds, Wills, Etc., 1688-1697": 

"December 1st, 1694." 

Will of Edward Hatcher, dated "this thirtieth day of the 
ninth ^Month Anno. 1694." 

"To my four sons, William Hatcher, John Hatcher, 
Edward Hatcher, Seth Hatcher." 

Will probated April 21st, 1695. 

P. 89, "Records 1677-1692": 

"April, 1679, Ben Hatcher appears in court." 

P. 100, "Records 1677-1692": 

In a deposition in court we have "Edwd. Hatcher, aged 
46 years or thereabouts, witnesseth, etc., etc. Dated 1779." 

(I am certain this is intended for 1679.) 

This would make Edward Hatcher, the father of the four 
sons, Wm., John, Edward and Seth Hatcher, 46 years old in 
1679. So he was born in 1633 and died between the dates 
of December 1, 1694, and April 21, 1695, when his will was 
probated. He was 61 years old at time of his death. 

All this work I consider valuable, because it tells us just where these 
members of the family were at the dates mentioned. — Editor. 



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' ' ' THE ROLL OF BATTLE ABBEY 

Battle Abbey is at Hastings, England, near the coast. It 
was here that William, the Norman, met Harold, the Saxon 
King, October 14, 1066. He vowed that he would build and 
consecrate an abbey on this spot if he should win the battle. 

He did win, for England passed out of the hands of the 
Saxons and into the possession of the Norman King and 
nobles from that day. So in 1095 a most beautiful abbey 
was built, the grand, high altar occupying the very spot 
where the body of King Harold had been buried. 

In the time of the Restoration, Henry VIIFs time, the 
abbey was made a ruin and the monks were turned out. He 
then gave the estate of Battle Abbey into the hands of his 
Master of Horse, Sir Anthony Browne, whose tomb is in 
the parish churchyard. The abbey gate house, built in 
1338, is said to be in a perfect state of preservation, although 
hoary with the age of many centuries. 

It is a most perfect example of Gothic architecture, also 
the battlement and gateway. The Battle Abbey estate of 
6000 acres descended to the late Duchess of Cleveland, and 
after her death recently sold for $1,000,000.00. 

The noted "Roll of Battle Abbey," of so much interest 
to genealogists, is a so-called list of the Norman nobles who 
came over with William. This document was burned in the 
seventeenth century. 

"The Roll of Battle Abbey," the earliest record of the 
Normans, has at all times been regarded with deep interest 
by the principal families of the kingdom. The site of the 
dissolved abbey was granted by Henry VIII to Richard 
Gilmer, who sold it to Sir Anthony Browne, from whose 
descendants, the Brownes, Viscounts Montague, the Abbey 
and lands passed again by sale to Sir Thomas Webster, 
Bart., in whose family they are yet vested. The still extant 
ruins, computed at not less than a mile of ground, bear 
ample testimony to the splendour and magnificence of the 
celebrated Monastery of Battle. 



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The table, containing the following names, was formerly 
suspended in the Abbey: 

>|: ***** * 

Here follow many names of the illustrious men who 
came with William the Conqueror. 

The first community . . . came from Normandy, 
and were enjoined to pray for those who died in the battle, 
and to preserve a faithful record of all who shared in tlie 
glory of victory. 

Thus arose the "Roll of Battle Abbey." 

All this is most interesting to us, as we find in the list of 
barons and nobles one of the Vilan, or Vilain family, and 
remember that it was Comtesse Susanne La Villain who 
married our Barthelemi Du Puy, the French Huguenot 
refugee. The French family of Vilain bore the proud motto 
of 'Vilain sans reproche." 

At Bristol, England, the French Huguenot church was 
established in 1687. Large numbers of the French Hugue- 
nots came from La Rochelle, the Provinces of Saintonge, 
Poitou and Guyenne. Other churches were founded at 
Greenwich, Pl}Tnouth, Stonehouse, County of Devon 
(1692), Chelsea; at Hammersmith, near London; at 
Thorpe, County of Essex; at Barnstable, and at Dartmouth, 
England. 

Southern Baptists 

"The Baptists in the early history of South Carolina are 
first found about 1685 — just one hundred years before the 
Methodists. The oldest church is the First Baptist Church 
of Charleston, which has a long and honorable history. 
Rev. Mr. Screven was their first minister. Rev. Oliver 
Hart was the minister during the Revolution. His quaint 
and valuable diary is rich in historic data and is to be found 
incorporated in the Charleston Year Book for 1896." — 
(American Monthly Magazine.) 



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EARLY SETTLEMENTS IN THE UNITED 
STATES. 

Virginia, 1607. 

The first pennanent settlement made on the shore of this 
Continent ^Yas in Virginia in 1607. One hundred and five 
English adventurers came over in a vessel commanded by 
Captain Newport, and sailed up the James River, then 
called Powhatan River; they built a fort and commanded 
a town, which, in honor of their sovereign, they called 
JamestowTi. 

New York, 1614. 

The next permanent settlement was by the Dutch about 
1614, on tlie Hudson River, discovered by Henry Hudson, 
an Englishman in the Dutch service in 1609. He was 
hunting a northwest passage to India. In settling on this 
noble river the Dutch built two forts, one at Albany, the 
other on Manhattan Island, where New York now stands. 
The country was called New Netherlands, and the settle- 
ment on Manhattan Island was named New Amsterdam, 
which name it retained until its conquest by the English. 

The Dutch Governors were Menewe, Van Twiller, Kieft, 
and Stu>-vesant. The Dutch authority ceased in 1664. The 
whole territory then became subjugated by the English. 

New England, 1620. 

The third permanent settlement was in New England in 
1620. One hundred and one Puritans, for the better enjoy- 
ment of their liberty of conscience, having sailed for Hud- 
son's River, were taken by the master of the vessel as far 
north as Cape Cod, and landed at Plymouth. 

Dutch and Swedes on the Delaware, 1623. 

That the Dutch were first to settle on the eastern or Jersey 
shore of the Delaware all are agreed, and there is. little 
doubt that the Swedes were first to settle the western, or, as 



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Early Settlements 



it was then called, the Pennsylvania shore. As early as 
1623 the Dutch built Fort Nassau on the eastern shore; 
but soon abandoned it. Afterwards a colony of thirty-four 
persons was brought over in 1630-31, by Captain De Vries. 
Returning to Holland, he left the colony in the hands of 
an inexperienced person, and they were all, in 1632, exter- 
minated by the Indians. 

1633. 

De Vries returned in December and found no signs of his 
colony, but the bones and skulls were strewn over the 
ground. We date, therefore, the first permanent settlement 
by the Dutch on the Delaware at 1633. That is the date 
claimed by their historians. 

From Holland the idea of planting colonies in America 
spread to Sweden. Both in commerce and politics the two 
countries were related very closely. The advantages drawn 
by Spain, then by France, then by England, and lastly by 
Holland were so closely observed that even Sweden now fell 
in with the great march of civilization to the Hopeful West. 

Sweden then had a great King. In the reign of Gustavus 
Adolphus, who died in the Battle of Lutzen in November, 
1632, an attempt was made to plant a colony of Swedes in 
America. 

William Usselinx, a Hollander, had formed so favorable 
an opinion of this country, representing it as a fine and 
fertile land, in which all the necessary comforts of life were 
to be enjoyed in abundance, that he presented to the King 
the idea of a trading company, representing to his ^Majesty 
that his dominions would be enlarged, his treasury en- 
riched, and his people's burdens at home lessened. 

Upon this a proclamation was issued in Sweden, July 2, 
1626. It was received with great satisfaction; the work 
was ripe for accomplishment, but the King's death put an 
end to the proceedings. However, the idea was not long 
suffered to sleep. 

Rev. Mr. Rudman relates as follows: 
"Before the Swedes came into the Delaware, some Hol- 
landers were here: they had a fort on the Eastern shore, at a 

219 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches. 



place now called Gloucester, which the Indians named Her- 
maomissing, which they named Fort Nassau. The com- 
mander of it was Menewe. Peter ]Menewe quarrelled with 
the people and returned to Holland, and was there dis- 
missed. Profiting by his knowledge of the country he went 
to Sweden, and infonned them that the Dutch had settled 
on the Eastern Shore of the Delaware, but that the whole 
of the Western Shore was unoccupied. He urged a settle- 
ment there and offered to conduct it. This was received 
favorably, especially by Count Oxenstiern, the Prime Min- 
ister to Queen Christina. 

"Queen Christina began well, but ended badly. Her 
father, Gustavus .A.dolphus, was rightly called 'The Lion of 
the North.' When he died she was but six years old, having 
been born in 1626. The care of the kingdom fell to the 
Prime Minister, Axel Oxenstiern, as great a statesman as 
his master had been king. 

1638. 

"Half the money needed was raised in Holland and half 
in Sweden. They sailed in the fall of 1637. The two ships 
were manned by Dutch sailors; bad weather prevailed, and 
it was the spring of 1638 ere they reached the Delaware. 
They had sailed with Peter Menewe from Gottenburg in 
a ship called 'The Key of Calmar.' After arriving they 
obtained from the Indians a grant of land on the river 
from the mouth of the river, or Cape Henlopen, to the Falls 
of Sanhickan, or Trenton Falls. They at once fixed stakes 
and marks. The people settled on a creek Christina and 
built a fort and a church there at its mouth, naming both 
in honor of their virgin Queen. 

"Peter Menewe, on Menuet, did not disturb the Dutch on 
the other side of the river. He died and was succeeded by 
Peter Hollandare, who ruled eighteen months and returned 
to Sweden. Along with the 'Key of Calmar' came a smaller 
vessel called Bird Grip (Griffin), carrying, along with the 
people, ammunition, provisions and commodities to trade 
with the Indians. 



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Early Settlements 



"It is certain that the Swedes under IMenewe had a fort 
at Christina Creek as early as 1638, for the Dutch com- 
mander at New York, William Kieft, protested against it on 
the sixth of IMay of that year. 

1642. 

"After the return of Peter Hollandare to Sweden John 
Printz, a lieutenant colonel in the army, was sent over as a 
Governor. He cajne in 1642 in the ship Fame, two other 
ships, named the Swan (Svan) and the Charitas, being in 
company. With Governor Printz came the Rev. John Cam- 
panius, as the chaplain of the colony. He has left behind 
him a minute description of the voyage, which one may see 
in the 'Description of the Province of New Sweden,' pub- 
lished by his grandson many years afterwards, Thomas 
Campanius Holm, the latter name being added from Stock- 
holm being his place of residence." 

(See Holmes in his "American Annals"; translation of 
"Campanius" by Peter S. Du Ponceau; Drake's "Making 
of Virginia and Middle Colonies.") 

The Swedish Church at Wilmington, Delaware, formerly 
Christina, was built two years before that at Wiacocoa, 
1698. 

Upland, Pennsylvania, was named from the Swedish 
Province, in which the great Chancellor and founder of 
New Sweden, Count Oxenstiern, was born. 

1656. 'I 

New Castle, Delaware, was New Amstel; in 1656 the 
little colony of New Amstel was strengthened by the removal 
to it of a number of families from New Amsterdam, who 
had grants of lands for a new to\vn to be called New Castle. 



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,if^ EARLY VIRGINIA 

In Virginia in 1634 there were eight distinct shires, or 
countries: (1 ) The Isle of Wight, west of the James River; 
(2) Henrico; (3) Warwick; (4) Elizabeth City; (5) 
James City; (6) Charles City, between the James and Rap- 
pahannock Rivers; (7) Northampton, on the eastern shore 
of the Chesapeake Bay; (8) Westmoreland County. 

Charles River County became York County (1634). 

The main street of Williamsburg, Va., called Duke of 
Gloucester Street in 1769, divided James City County from 
York County. 

(See Hening's Stat., No. 8, p. 405.) 

Henrico was one of the original counties, 1634. 

Chesterfield was formed from it, 1748. 

Goochland was formed from it, 1727. 

Cumberland was formed from Goochland, 1748. 

Powhatan was formed from Cumberland, 1777. 

Charles, or Charles River Parish, York County; Charles 
River is now York River; Charles River County is now 
York County (about year 1754). 

Charles City County was one of the original counties, 
1634. 

Prince George was formed from Charles City in 1702. 

Amelia County was formed from Prince George in 1734. 

Prince Edward County was formed from Amelia in 1753. 

Culpeper County was formed from Orange in 1749. 

Madison County was formed from Culpeper in 1795. 

"Henrico and Charles City Counties originally lay on 
both sides of the James River, including what are now 
Prince George and Chesterfield." 

In 1720 Spotsilvania took in all land west of Potomac 
River and through to the Mississippi River. This lasted 
up to 1734. 

Orange County was formed from Spotsilvania County. 

Frederick County was formed from Orange County in 
1738. First court held in Frederick County was in 1743. 

Shenandoah County was formed from Frederick County 
in 1762. 



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Early Virginia 



Hampshire County was formed from Frederick County 
in 1774. 

Berkley County was formed from Frederick County in 
1766. 

Jefferson County was formed from Frederick County. 

Clarke County was formed from Frederick County. 

Warren County was formed from Frederick County. 

Morgan County was formed from Frederick County. 

Jefferson, Clarke, Warren and Morgan Counties were 
all formed after 1800. 

("Annals of Augusta County, Virginia," Waddell, p. 
19). 

"Orange County, Virginia, was all the region west of the 
Blue Ridge. November 1, 173S, the General Assembly of 
Virginia passed an act establishing the Counties of Fred- 
crick and Augusta. The new counties were named in honor 
of Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of King George II and 
father of George III, and his wife, Princess Augusta." 

("Statutes at Large, Hening, Vol. 1, 1619-1660.") 
"In 1634 the Colony of Virginia was divided by the 
House of Burgesses into eight shires or counties. The 
counties divided are to be governed as the shires in Eng- 
land. The names of the shires are: (1) James City, (2) 
Henrico, (3) Charles City, (4) Elizabeth City, (5) War- 
wick, (6) Warrosquyoake (became Isle of Wight), (7) 
Charles River, (8) .-Xccowmack." 

(Copied at State Library of Virginia, at Richmond, Va.) 

In 1749 Culpeper was cut off from Orange and em- 
braced Madison and Rappahannock. 

In 1795 ]\Iadison was formed from Culpeper. 

In 1825 Rappahannock was formed from Culpeper. 

All west of Blue Ridge was Augusta. 

"King William County was formed in 1701 from King 
and Queen County." It contained St. John's Parish. In 
1721 St. ^Margaret's Parish was established. 

P. 7, "St. Mark's Parish." "In 1692 the old country of 

283 



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Genealogy, avith Brief Sketches 

the Rappahannock was extinguished and its territory di- 
vided into Richmond on the north and Essex on the south." 

Surrv County was taken from James City County in 
1649. ' 

Brunswick County was taken from Surry County in 1720. 

Lawrenceville is the county seat of Brunswick County. 
All records are there intact. 

Sussex County was taken from Surry County in 1754. 
To get to Sussex County Court House one must go to 
Petersburg, then to Stony Creek, via Atlantic Coast Line; 
then drive ten miles to Court House. 

I came from Norfolk, Va., September 30, 1907, to Wake- 
field, Virginia, via Norfolk and Western Railroad, two 
hours by train; took Surry, Sussex and Southampton Rail- 
road and went eighteen miles to Surry Court House. I 
returned the rr.me da}' vi". Surry, Sussex and Southampton 
Railroad to Dendron; took a carriage and drove to Wake- 
field, ten miles. I remained overnight at Hotel there, and 
took train in morning for Suffolk, Nansemond County, 
Virginia. — Ed. 

Norfolk County was part of Elizabeth City County and 
included Princess Anne and Nansemond County. 

In 1738 the County of Frederick was set off, including 
all of Fairfax grant, west of the Blue Ridge, now embraced 
in ten counties. On Tuesday, November 14, 1743, eight 
persons took the magistrates' oath and composed the court. 
Winchester was the county seat. 

Augusta County was set off in 1738. These two coun- 
ties were to embrace all Western Virginia. 

There were two Parishes in Charles City County, Vir- 
ginia, viz.: (1) Westover, the upper, and (2) We}-noake, 
the lower. Wallingford Parish was near by until 1720, 
and then became Westover. Martins Brandon was formed 
after 1720. 

In 1738, in Surry County, Virginia, there were two 
Parishes: (1) Lawn's Creek and (2) Southwark; also (3) 
Albemarle Parish, now in Sussex County. 






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Leaves and flowers which I had the pleasure of [lic-kirig from the graves of the Trabiien at 
the old "Homestean" in Virtfinia, seventeen miles from Richmond. It was here the first 
progenitors of our family came and settled, and found the home their hearts longed for. 



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VIRGINIA Dz\TA 

Queen Anne came to the English throne about IMay 6, 
1702. She died August 1, 1714. She was succeeded by 
George I, who died June 11, 1727. King George II was 
crowned in 1727. 

In Virginia about 1713 an act was passed lessening the 
reward given to those of the frontier counties who killed 
wolves. Until this time it had been 200 pounds of tobacco. 
Now it was reduced to 100 pounds for each wolf killed. 

In 1744 the Vestry and Court of Frederick County were 
organized. Frederick County is one of the northern coun- 
ties of Virginia. Winchester is its principal town. 

Virginia became a State in 1775. 

Fayette County, Virginia, was made in 1780 from Ken- 
tucky County, Virginia, which extended as far west as 
Tennessee River. 

Lincoln and Jefferson Counties were also formed this 
same year of 1780 from Kentucky County, Virginia. 

Woodford County, Virginia, was made from Fayette 
County, Virginia, in 1788. 

Nottaway County, Virginia, was established in 1788. 

Prince Edward County was taken from Orange County, 
Virginia. 

At St. John's Protestant Episcopal Church at Hampden, 

Elizabeth City County, Virginia, there is a most beautiful 

stained glass window on which is inscribed: 

I. H. S. 

In memory of the Colonial Clergy of 

Elizabeth City Parish, Virginia. 

Erected by A. P. V. 

William Mease, 1615-1616 

George Keith, 1616-1625 

Jonas Stockton, 1621-1628 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Bolton, 1621-1623 
— Fenlon, 1624 



William Wilkinson, 1644 

Phillip Mallory, 1664-1665 

Justinian Aimer, 1665-1667 

Jeremiah Taylor, 1661 

William Harris, 1675 

John Page, 1677-16S0 

Cope D'Olev, 1681 

James Wallace, 1693-1712 

Francis Fondyce, 1696 

Andrew Thompson, 1712-1719 

James Falconer, 1720-1724 

Thomas Poader, LCX 

William Fife, 1731-1755 

Thomns Warrinn;ton, 1756-1770 

William Hubbard, 1771 

William Selden, 1771-1783 

In the graveyard there is a tombstone, a large slab of 
granite: 

(Coat of Arms) 

"Under this stone lieth interrd the Body of Cap. George 
Wray who departed this life the 19th of April 1758 in 
the 61 year of his age." 

Tombstone and tablet: 

"Here lieth the body of Captain Willis Wilson sometime 
Attorney and Burgess in Elizabeth City County, Virginia, 
who departed this life November 19, 1701." 



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THE FAMILY OF FLOURNOY 



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LANDING AT JAMESTOWN, VA., 1607. 
The expedition of the London Company, among whom was 
Captain John Smith, made its first landing at Cape Henry, on April 
26, 1607. Seventeen days later, May 13, 1607, the Colonists started 
a fort which they named Fort James. This subsequently became 
Jamestown. 

(Reproduced by courtesy of Raphael Tuck & Sons, Ltd., 
London-New York) 



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THE P'AMILY OF FLOURNOY IN FRANCE 
AND VIRGIxNIA 

Family of Flournoy, Henrico County, Virginia. . 

"Flournois coat of arms brought to this country and 
used by the Flournois of Virginia is: 'D'azur au chevron, 
d 'argent accompagne en chef de deux fieurs au chatons de 
noyer d'or, et un pointe d'une noix de meme.' Motto: 'Ex 
flore fructus' on a scroll underneath." 

(See p. 52, Va. County Records, Vol. 5, and "Geneva 
Armorial.") 

Silver chevron on a blue field; accompanied above by 
two catkins of ^valnut of gold, and below by a walnut of 
same. 

(See Va. His. Mag., Vol. 3, p. 322, in connection with 
"Va. County Records.") 

The name Flournoy appears as Flornoy, Flournois or 
Fleurnoy. 

"Va. His. Col.," Vol. 5, p. 10: "It is to be noticed that 
there were numerous instances of individual settlement of 
French Huguenots in Virginia prior and subsequent to the 
influx of 1700. . . . Such names as . . . Flournoy 
. . . and others." 

"Virginia Historical ^Magazine, Vol. 2," p. 322: 

Flournois, or Flournoy, is a village of 30 households in 
Chajnpagne, France, between Joinville and St. Dizier." 

It has been recommended to me to see a work entitled 
"Some Genealogical Accounts of Genevan Families from 
the Earliest Times to the Present Dav," by J. A. Galiffe. 
C. G., Vol. 3, Geneva 1836, pp. 213-222. 

I have never been able to find it as yet in this country. 

"Flornoy is near Vassy in Champagne." 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Persons Naturalized by Letters-Patent, Westminster, 
London, 28 June, 1682": 

Peter Flournoys 

(4th Gen.: Pierre' Jean' Laurent'). Died 1719. 

The family of Flournois, or Flournoys, were early suf- 
ferers for their Scriptural faith. After the massacre at 
Vassy in 1562, Laurent Flournois took refuge in Geneva, 
Switzerland, and had two sons, Gideon and Jean. Descend- 
ants of both sons are believed to exist in America. The sec- 
ond son of Gideon was Jacques. Jean had four sons, one of 
whom, named Pierre, settled in England. P. 51, p. 270. 

Pierre died in 1719, and mentions in his will his brother 
Anthony, with two sons and one daughter, an unmarried 
brother, James and a sister Elizabeth, wife of Monsieur 
Vcillier, with two sons, Gaspard and John James, and three 
daughters. P. 270, "French Protestant Exiles, Vol. 2," 
Agnew. 

Family of Flournoy 

This family was among the most prominent of the Hu.gue- 
not refugees who came to Virginia in 1700. They belonged 
to the French nobility, who espoused the cause of the 
Reformation from the beginning of the movement. 

In 1562, after the massacre of Vassy, Laurent de Flour- 
nois, ancestor of all the American Flournois, escaped from 
the French dragonades with his wife, Gabrielle Milton, of 
Lyons, and their children, and went to Geneva, Switzerland. 
He remained there until he supposed the dangerous period 
was passed; then he returned to France, where he resided 
until the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, when they again 
became refugees, and remained in Geneva until they joined 
the Huguenot emigration to the New World in 1700. 

His two sons (2nd Gen.), Jean and (2nd Gen.) 
Gideon, became the founders of the two branches of the 
family. 

The second son of Gideon (3rd Gen.), Jacques, had four 
sons, one of whom (4th Gen.), Pierre Flournois, went to 
England and was naturalized in 1652. He became the 

290 






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Flournoy Family 



tutor to the nephews of the King, the children of the 
Countess Clancarty, and held many important offices. 
See "Va. Historical Magazine." 

Laurent Flournois had older brothers: 1. Claude Flour- 
nois; 2. Nicholas Flournois, and a sister. All remained 
Romanists but Laurent. 

From Nicholas Flournois, it is supposed from the Parish 
Register at Joinville, France, descends Anne Ernestine 
Flournois Philippe, wife of Joseph, who is a resident in the 
village of Flournoy (1S88). "She is now an old woman." 

Flournoy village is near Vassy. Vol 2, Va. His. Mag., 
p. 323. 

In France 

1st Gen. — Laurent de Flournois. Married Gabrielle 
Mellin. Had 2 sons, Gideon and Jean, 

2nd Gen., 2nd son — Jean de Flournois. Born 1574. Mar- 
ried Frances IMussard. 

3rd Gen., 2nd child — Gideon Flournois. Had 2 sons. 

4th Gen., 2nd child — Jacques Flournois. Married 
. Had 4 sons. 

5th Gen. — Pierre Flournois. Was naturalized in Eng- 
land 1652. 

Laurent Flournoy was a lapidary, and Jacques Flournoy, 
father of John James, a goldsmith, lapidary and merchant 
jeweler, as was Jacques Flournoy the father also of Jacob 
Flournoy the Immigrant. These names of the occupation 
run all through the records recited, of admission as bur- 
gesses of the city and to the council. 

"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, p. 438. See this reference for 
much more of interest in the Flournoy family. 

"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, pp. 83, 85: 

1st Gen. — Laurent Flournoy. Left Champagne, France, 
on the occasion of the Massacre of Vassy, in 1 562. He went 
to Geneva at the time of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, 
1572. He married Gabrielle Mellin, of Lyons. They had: 

2nd Gen. — Jean Flournoy. Born 1574. Married Fran- 
ces Mussard. Jean and Frances had two sons. Jacques and 
291 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

a 2nd son Gideon. Gideon Flournoy had two sons the 2nd 
of which was Jacques. Jacques had four sons, one of whom, 
Pierre, went to England, in 1652. 

3rd Gen. — Jacques (James) Flournoy. Born 160S. 
Married Judith Puerari or Puerary. They had two sons: 

4th Gen. — Jean Jacques (John James) Flournoy. Born 
1657. Married Julia Eyraud. They had: 

5th Gen. — Jean Jacques (John James) Flournoy, a 
Huguenot, was born November 17, 1686. Came to Virginia 
from Geneva, Switzerland, about 1700. Married June 23, 
1720, in Virginia, Elizabeth Williams, widow of Orlando 
Jones. Born December 25, 1695, and daughter of James 
Williams, a lawyer and a native of Wales, and his wife, 
Elizabeth Buckner, a Virginian. 

Jean Jacques and Elizabeth Flournoy had a son (6th 
Gen.), Thomas Flournoy. Born November 20, 1738. 

See "Cabells and Their Kin," p. 355. 

"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, pp. 83, 85: 

5th Gen. — Jean Jacques Flournoy (John James). Born 
November 17, 16S6. Married in Virginia, June 23rd, 1720, 
to Elizabeth, daughter of James Williams, of King and 
Queen County, Va. 

James Williams was born in the Principality of Wales. 
Lawyer. Had married Elizabeth Buckner, of Virginia. 

Elizabeth Buckner was born December 25th, 1695. Had 
been married to Orlando Jones; was without children. They 
had John James and Elizabeth. 

6th Gen. — Elizabeth Julia Flournoy. Born December 
5, 1721. Married Thomas Spencer, of Virginia. 

6th Gen. — Gideon Flournoy. Born in Virginia, March 
19, 1723. Married in Geneva, in 1748, Jane Frances 
Sabowrin. 

6th Gen. — Samuel Flournoy. Born October 4th, 1724. 
Married April 9, 1748, Elizabeth Harris. 

P. 440, Va. His. Mag., Vol. 2: 

7th Gen. — Gideon Flournoy, ensign in the Revolutionary 
Army. 

P. 257, January Mag., 1895: Must have been Gideon, 



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Flournoy Family 



son of Samuel Flournoy, of Powhatan County. Find in 
October and January numbers. 

6th Gen. — John Flournoy. Born in Virginia, December 
9th, 1726. ]\Iarried in Geneva, Switzerland, September 2, 
1755, Camilla Ballexserd. 

6th Gen. — David Flournoy. Born September 3, 1728. 
Died unmarried, October 18, 1757. He was Captain and 
Judge in Virginia. 

6th Gen. — Rachel Flournoy. Born September 25, 1730. 
Died August 28, 1741. She was called "Beautiful Rachel," 
as she was the most beautiful girl in the country. 

6th Gen. — Matthew Flournoy. Born June 21, 1732. 
Lived in Prince Edward County and early emigrated to 
N. E. Kentucky. He was killed by the Indians, and left 
many children. His name is spelled Matthews by his 
descendants. 

Matthew or Matthews Flournoy was Justice in Prince 
Edward Co., ^'irginia, in 1754; was commissioned as 
Sheriff in 1756. He moved to Kentucky in 1785 and was 
killed at Crab Orchard Springs in an engagement with the 
Indians. 

His son, Thomas Flournoy, came to Georgia in 1795; 
was a distinguished member of the Georgia Bar; commis- 
sioned Brigadier-General in War of 1812. 

Three nephews Samuel, Gideon and Thomas Flournoy, 
served in the War of Independence. Sept., 1912, "Amer- 
ican Monthly Magazine.'' 

6th Gen.— Mary Flournoy. Born February 23, 1735. 
Married William Booker. Lived in Prince Edward Co. 

6th Gen.— Infant. Died. 

6th Gen. — Thomas Flournoy. Born November 20th, 
1738. Ancestor of the Flournoys of Prince Edward and 
Brunswick Counties. 

5th Gen. — Jean Jacques or John James Flournoy, the 
Immigrant and father of these children, died March 23, 
1740, of a malignant fever which prevailed in the country. 
His wife died one or two days later, and they were buried at 
the same time, according to her desire expressed after the 
death of her husband. She wishing that his interment might 

293 



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Gene.\logy, with Brief Sketches 

be postponed, as she felt that she would soon follow him. 
But at that time she was entirely well. . . . In the 
May Court she is called "Jvlary Flournoy dec'd." She was 
the widow of Orlando Jones, and her name was probably 
Mary Elizabeth. She was his second wife, and he had two 
children by his first wife. He was son of Rev. Roland 
Jones, first pastor of Bruton Parish, Williamsburg. 

See p. 438, "Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, if more is desired. 

"Va. His. Mag.", Vol. 2, p. 440: 

John James the Immigrant afterwards removed to Hen- 
rico County and lived and died there. 

; "Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, p. 193 : 

"John James Flournoy. No. 10, p. 305, rec'd 400 a. on 
North Side of James River in Henrico Co., Jan'y 2, 1723." 

"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, p. 193: 

John James Ffournoy. No. 1 1 , p. 306. 400 acres on the 
north side of Swift Creek, in Henrico County. January 
22, 1723, 

"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, pp. 84, 85, 86. 

1 st Gen. — Laurent Flournoy. Married Gabrielle Mellin, 
Geneva. 

2nd Gen. — Jean de Flournois. Born 1574. Married 
Frances Mussard. 

3rd Gen. — Jacques Flournoy. Born 1608. Married 
Judith Pucrary. 

4th Gen. — Jacob Flournoy. Born January 5, 1663. 

John James Flournoy had an estate in 1744 in King 
William Parish. His children were Joseph Akin Flournoy, 
Yarmouth Flournoy, Charles Flournoy, William Flournoy, 
Sue Flournoy, Sara Flournoy. Was married three times. 
Came to Virginia 1700. Was at Manikin To\A-n May 16, 
1704. When he arrived he had his second wife and two 
sons, Francis and Jacques (James). Also a daughter, Jane 
Frances, who was born in Berlin and probably married 

Ashurst. His daughter Mary, whom he brought 

from Geneva, died in London a month or six weeks before 
. 294 









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they embarked for Virginia. His young daughter by his 
second wife died during the voyage, whicli took them four- 
teen weeks. 

His second wife died, and he remained a widower with 
his three children for two years and four months. He then 
married the third time, Thursday, December 9, 1703, }^Iade- 
line Prodhom, a Hollander, born at The Hague, Holland, 
about 40 years of age, like himself. She was the widow of 
Moise (Moses) Verreuil. She and her husband (Closes) 
and their five children had come over on the same boat to 
America with Jacob Flournoy whom she afterwards mar- 
ried. 

4th Gen. — Jacob Flournoy came over in the ship "Peter 
and Anthony, Galley of London," Daniel Perreau, Com- 
mander. London to James River. See p. 15, "Va. His. So. 
Col., Vol. 5— New Series." . .:;:-, 

"Va. His. Col.," Vol. 5, p. 12: 

"There are various grants of land of record in the Vir- 
ginia Land Registry to Jacob, John James, and Francis 
Flournoy." 

****** 

I would write this: There were various grants of land 
made to Jacob, Francis, his son, and John James Flournoy. 

"Virginia Historical Magazine," Vol. 2, p. 193: 
"From the Patent Books, Jacob Flournoy, No. 10, p. 285 : 
133 acres in Henrico Co. March 29th, 1 705." 



Jacob Flournoy, of ye City Williamsburgh, Goldsmith, 
made a deed to Allen, January 11th, 1712, and on February 
16, 1712, Magdelene Flournoy, wife of Jacob Flournoy, 
executed a bond to Allen. . . . 

"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, p. 438. 

"Va. His. Mag.," p. 318, Vol. 2: 

"Jacob Flournoy, Henrico Co., Va., March 23, 1715, 
received 133 acres. South side James River. From Land 
Office Records. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

4th Gen. — Jacob Flournoy. Born January 5, 1663. 
Married three times. Had: 

Sth Gen. — Magdalen Flournoy, daughter of Jacob Flour- 
noy, a Huguenot immigrant. Married in Holland, 1699, 
Sir Anthony Trabue, born 1666. 

Sir Anthony Trabue was the son of Sir Peter or Pierre 
Straboo, who was born 1644. Sir Anthony Trabue died 
aged 56 years, in Manikin Town on James River, ^■a., Jan- 
uary 29th, 1724. 

Magdalen Flournoy Trabue appears in court to testify 
to Sir Antliony's will. Her brother Francis Flournoy, and 
Peter Du Tois act as bondsmen. 

Magdalene Flournoy Trabue married secondly Peter 
Chastain. She died 1731. 

In the record of "Virginia Revolutionary Soldiers" 
appears : 

Thomas Flournoy. He was the son of Jean Jacques and 
Elizabeth Flournoy and was born November 20, 1738. 

P. 35: Samuel Flournoy, Sargt., Continental Line, 3 
years' service. 

At Virginia State Library, on Capitol Hill, Richmond, 
Va., "Revolutionary Soldiers," Vol. 5, p. 70, I found the 
following : 

"Samuel Flournoy, Sargeant, August 29, 1783. 
Received 77£." 

P. 193, "Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2: 

"Francis Flournoy: No. 10, p. 307. Rec'd 400 A. on 
the North side of James River, in Henrico Co., Tan'v 2, 
1723." 

At Henrico County Clerk's Office, Richmond, Va., p. 36, 
"Wills, Deeds, &:c., 1748-1750": 

Deed. Francis Flournoy, of the Parish of St. John, 
County of King William, ... of Dale Parish, near 
Hills Line, sells 400 acres. At a court held for Henrico 
County, 1st Mon. of Oct., 1748. 

Witness: Jno. Roberts. 

296 



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Flournoy Family 



5th Gen. — Francis Flournoy was the brother of Magda- 
lene Flournoy, who married, 1st, Sir Antoine Trabue; 2nd, 
Peter Chastain. She died 1731. 

1st Gen. — Laurent Plournoy. Married Gabrielle Mellin. 

2nd Gen. — Jean de Flournois. Born 1574. INIarried 
Frances ^lussard. 

3rd Gen. — Jacques Flournoy. Born 1608. Married 
Judith Pucrary. 

4th Gen. — Jacob Flournoy. Born January 5, 1663. Mar- 
ried three times. Came to America 1700. 

5th Gen. — Francis Flournoy. Arrived in America with 
his father Jacob, 1700. 

At Chesterfield County, Va., Clerk's Office. Copied 
there August 15th, 1906.— Ed. 
"Will Book No. 2," p. 262: 

Will of Francis Flournoy. Dated 13th April, 1770. 

I, Francis Flournoy ... of Chesterfield County, 

Va. . . . Wife Mary . . . Daughter Mary . . . 

To son Jacob 200 acres, . . . Daughter Jean. 

. . . Jacob's land near Colonel Byrd's . . . son 

Francis 200 acres, joining his brother Jacob's line and Tra- 

bue's line . . . also 50 acres near Hill's line, . . . 

son William . . . son Gibson 300 acres . . . son 

James 350 acres . . . son Josiah 300 acres . . . 

daughter Sarah . . . daughter Martha, 

Grandson Francis, son of Jacob, . . . Grandson 

Lorance, son of Francis, 250 acres, . . . Grandson 

James, son of James. Jacob and Francis, his two eldest 

sons, to be Executors. 

,,,.^ Signed franxis flournoy. 

Witnesses : ° 

Edward Friend 

Edmond Woolridge 

Francis Dickinson. 

Chesterfield Countv, Va., Court House. County Clerk's 
Office. "Will Book No. 2," p. 97 : 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Inventory of Francis Flournoy, Jun'r, dated 7th of May, 
1773. 

his 
"Examined by William X Flournoy. 

mark 
.1 1 his 

"Gibson X Flournoy." 
mark 
6th Gen. — Francis Flournoy, Jr., 2nd son of Francis 
(5th Gen.). His brothers, William and Gibson Flournoy, 
act as examiners of his inventory. — Ed. 

From will of 5th. Gen. Francis Flournoy. Dated April 
13,1770: Married Mary . Had:' 

6th Gen. — Son, Jacob Flournoy. Married. Had son, 
Francis Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Daughter, Jean Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Son, Francis Flournoy. Married. Had son 
Lorance Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Son, William Flournoy. 
, 6th Gen. — Son, Gibson Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Son, James Flournoy. Married. Had son 
James Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Son, Josiah Flournoy. Born September 3. 

1741. Married Ann , February 24, 1763. Died 

July 15, 1819. Had nine children. 

6th Gen. — Daughter, Sarah Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Daughter, Martha Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Josiah Flournoy. Born September 3, 1741. 
Married Ann . Had nine children: 

7th Gen. — John Flournoy. 

7th Gen. — Francis Flournoy. 
' 7th Gen. — Obadiah Flournoy. 
'■' 7th Gen. — Samuel Flournoy. 
;-^ 7th Gen. — Mary Baugh. 

7th Gen. — Susannah Simpson. 

7th Gen. — Tabitha Snellings. 

7th Gen. — Judith Flournoy. 

7th Gen.— Ann Winfree. 



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Flournoy Family 



1st Gen. — Laurent Flournoy. Married Gabrielle Mellin. 

2nd Gen. — Jean de Flournoy. Born 1574. ]\Iarried 
Frances Mussard. 

3rd Gen. — Jacques Flournoy. Born 1608. Married 
Judith Pucrary. 

4th Gen. — Jacob Flournoy. Born January 5, 1663. ISIar- 
ried three times. Came to America 1700. 

5th Gen. — Francis Flournoy. 

6th Gen. — Josiah Flournoy. Born September 3, 1741. 

Married Ann . Will'dated May 25, 1816. Died 

July 15, 1819. Had nine children. 

7th Gen.— Samuel Flournoy. Born May 17, 1778. Died 
June 15, 1828. Married Phebe , August 16, 1804. 

8th Gen. — James Francis Flournoy. Born June 10, 
1805. Married Julia A. P. Bass, March 28, 1836. 

8th Gen. — Richard W. Flournoy, Sr. Born November 
16, 1806. Married June 2, 1836, Sarah Parke Poindexter. 
Richard died November 29, 1857. 

8th Gen. — Mary A. Flournoy. 

8th Gen. — Samuel A. Flournoy. 

8th Gen. — Eliza T. Flournoy. 

8th Gen. — Josiah Flournoy. 

8th Gen. — John E. Flournoy. 

8th Gen. — Robert D. Flournoy. 

8th Gen. — William G. Flournov. 

8th Gen.— Phebe E. Flournoy. ' 

8th Gen. — Edmund H. Flournoy. 

8th Gen. — Richard W. Flournoy. Sr. Born November 
16, 1806. Had by Sarah, his wife: 



9th Gen. — Parke Flournoy. 
9th Gen. — Richard W. Flournoy. 
9th Gen. — Eliza A. Flournoy. 
9th Gen. — James Flournoy. 
9th Gen. — Francis Flournoy. 
9th Gen. — Samuel L. Flournoy. 
9th Gen. — A. Ellen Flournoy. 
"Va. His. Mag.," Vol. 2, p. 322. 



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P. 189, "Va. County Records." 

Jacob Flournoy, Chesterfield County, aged 79 years. Va. 
Revolutionary Pensioners. 1 June, 1S40. (Must have 
been born 1761.) 

Thomas Stanhope Flournoy was a Member of Congress 
from Virginia, 1847-1849. He was also Whig candidate 
for Governor, 1860. 

Honorable Henry W. Flournoy is the present Secretary 
of the Commonwealth of Virginia (1886). 



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Coat of Arms 



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"General Armory," Burke (1878), p. 465: 

Oxted, Co. Surrey. Per. chev. gu.* and az.f a chev. engr.t 
or, between three lions rampant, ar. § 

Crest — a lion's head erased ppr. 

For picture or plate of this crest see Vol. II, Fairbains' 
Crest, plate 17, No. 1. 

See p. 509. For "Hoskins, Oxted, Co. Surrey." For 
same coat of ai^ms as Haskins, as above, also "Hosk>Tis." 

"General Armory," Burke (1878), p. 509: 

"Hoskins, Higham, Co. Cumberland. Same coat of 
arms as Haskins, p. 465." 

P. 509: "Hoskyns, Harewood, Co. Hereford, bart. Same 
arms as Haskins, p. 465. 

Crest — A lion's head erased or, issuing out of a ducal 
coronet, flames of iire from the mouth ppr. crowned of the 
first." 

P. 510: Hoskj-ns, Bemenster. Arms the same as Hos- 
kins. 

P. 429, Vol. II, "Meade's Old Families and Churches": 
"Among the old Welsh Names to be found in Virginia are 
the . . . Haskins." 

"Haskins, John, 1653 — Brought over by Richard Budd, 
Northumberland County, Virginia." "Early Virginia Immi- 
grants," p. 152. 

"Haskins, John — Brought over by Tho. Mears, Lower 
Norfolk County, Virginia." "Early Virginia Immigrants," 
p. 152. 

Page 74, "Deeds, Wills and C, 1688-1697," Henrico 
Co., at County Clerk's Office, Richmond, Va. : 

19th day of February, Ano. 1688. 

*. — Guerre. 

taz. — Azimuth — vertical. ..... 

*engr. — Engrene— to gear. , . , , ..,..., 
'ar. — Argente — silvered. ' ' ' 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Edward Haskins witnesses the Will of Repps Jones, 
planter, of Henrico Co., Virginia. 

Page 97, "Deeds, Wills and C, 16SS-1697," at County 
Clerk's Ofiice, Richmond, Va. : 

An account for Marriages granted in this County Since 
Oct., Ano. 1688. Returned October Court, Ano. 1689. 
Edward Haskins wl jNIartha Jones. 

P. 122, Vol. v., Virginia Historical Magazine: 

"Viewers of Tobacco Crop. 1639. Virginia, for Eliza- 
beth City Co. 

"From Wm. Parry's House to the uppermost end of the 
county . . . Daniel Tanner." 

Joseph Tanner, died 1667, Henrico Co., Va., had: 

I. Mary Tanner, married Lygon. 

II. Joseph Tanner, Jr., married Sarah . 

III. Edward Tanner. 

IV. Martha Tanner. Married 1st, Thomas Jones and 
had two children, Thomas and Lucretia Jones. Martha 
Tanner Jones married 2nd, Edward Haskins, and they had: 

V. Edward Haskins, Jr. 



"Deeds, Wills and C, 1688-1697," p. 539, Henrico Co., 
Va., Clerk's Office: 

In a deed from Joseph Tanner of Henrico Co., he says: 
"Whereas my dear Father by his last Will in writing bear- 
ing date the seventh day of December 1667 recorded among 
the Records of this court the first day of June 1668, did 
give and grant unto his Daughters ^Martha Tanner my 
loving sister now wife of Edward Haskins of this County 
of Henrico the one half ... of his land, etc., etc., 
. . . return unto me, the heir of the first Joseph Tan- 
ner dec'd, . . . 

"The land is to come unto Edward Haskins Jun'r., the 
eldest son of the before named Edw'd. Haskins and the 
aforesaid Martha. Signed Joseph T.anxer. 

His wife Sarah appears in court and says she is willing 
for Joseph to give the land (150 a.). 

"Dated First of Februarv, 1694." 



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Haskixs Family 



"Edward Haskins with Martha Jones." 

"In a List of ^Marriages from Henrico Co. Court Rec- 
ords," October 16SS to Oct. 1689. 

P. 225, "History of Henrico Parish and Old St. Jno.'s 
Church, Richmond, Va." 



Page 77, "Wills, Deeds Etc., 1688-1697: 

"Thomas Jones died and leaves a Will, mentions lov- 
ing wife Martha Jones; son Thomas not yet 16, and 
daughter Lucretia Jones, when married two young cows 
with calves bv their sides." Dated "22nd dav of Jan'y, 
1688." 

(This is evidently the lady who married Edward Haskins 
before October 1689. At County Clerk's Oft'ice, Henrico 
County, Richmond, Va.) 

"Wills, Deeds Etc., 1688-1697," page 209: 

Among the names of the Grand Jury impannold and 
Sworn to Serve for this county the ensueing year 1691, 
occurs "Edwd. Haskins." 

P. 407: Edw'd Haskins for swearing, 1£. In the Pre- 
sentments of the Grand Turv, Apr. 17, 1693. 

Page 210, "Deeds, "Wi'lls Etc., 1697-1704," County 
Clerk's Office, Henrico Co., Richmond, Va.: 

Deed from Edward Haskins and Martha Haskins of 150 
a. to Ed'wr. Haskins Jun'r. Dated Aprill ye 1st 1701. 

(This boy is about 10 yrs. of age.) 

"Calendar of State Papers," Vol. I, p. 70: >, ,^ , ,- ■ 

"July 3d, 1700. , '. [. , '- •. 

Report made by 

"Phill. Haskins and Wm. Dent, 

"who had been sent to negotiate with the Emperor of the 

Piscataways (Indian chief)." 

"Va. His. Mag., Vol. v.," p. 7: 

May 19, 1710. "We lodged this night at Will'm Has- 
kers 6 mile up Wicocock Creek." 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"No. 1, Deeds and Wills, 1725-1737," page 162: 

Will of Edward Haskins, dated 22nd day of :^lay, 1727. 

Proved in Court Jan'ry 1, 1728. 

In the name of God, Amen, I Edward Haskins of the 
County and Parish of Henrico, planter. 

To son, Edward Haskins, 150 acres on North side of 
Appomattox River whereon he now liveth: to son, Robert 
Haskins, 1 shilling: to son, Aaron Haskins 1 shilling: to 
daughter Sarah Haskins 1 shilling: to son Creed Haskins, 
land called Skin Quarter, with all improvements thereon, 
300 a. on North side of Appomattox River. Wife Zslartha to 
be allowed 4 pounds per annum Credit in a store, and her 
board during life. Son Creed sole Executor. 

Witnesses: ^'S^^^ Edward Haskins. 

Eliz'a. Lapthorn. 

Sarah Haskins. her 

"V" 
Sarah Haskins signs with her mark mark 

We see that Edward Haskins of "County and Parish of 
Henrico" left a will dated 22nd May, 1727. Proved Jan. 
1, 1728. 

Gives to son Edward Haskins, 150 acres on North side 
of Appomattox River, where-on he now liveth. 

To son Robert Haskins, 1 shilling. 

To son Aaron Haskins, 1 shilling. Married Mary 
. Aaron died before April, 1749. 

To daughter Sarah Haskins, 1 shilling. 

To son Creed Haskins land called Skin Quarter, with 
all improvements thereon, 300 acres on North side of Appo- 
mattox River. 

Son Creed sole Executor. 

This son Creed Haskins died in 1781. ., : j, f ' 

Pages 259 and 260. "No. 1 Deeds and Wills, 1725-1737," 
at Henrico County Court House, Richmond, Va. : 

"Indenture from Martha Haskins, widow and relict of 
Ed'wd Haskins, dec'd of the Co. and Parish of Henrico, on 



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Haskins Fa^iily 



the one part, and Aaron Haskins her son on the other, 
receive 20£s from Aaron her son for 74 a. on the South 
side of James River, in the County and Parish aforesaid. 
Dated February 2 day, 1729. 

"Signed Martha Haskins. 
"Wit. Joseph Goode, 

"Joseph Pleasants, I • ,, : 

"Thos. Poullan." 

Page 101, Vol. II. "Wm. and Mary College Quarterly." 

Captain Joseph Haskins married Sarah Ennalls who 

was born 15th of Nov., 1733, and was the daugliter of 

Thomas and Ann Skinner Ennalls who were married Jan. 

4, 1721. 

(More here if desired of the Ennalls Family of Md.) 



GENEALOGICAL TABLE OF 
"HASKINS FAMILY" 

(This may be subject to change, but I have made it as a "help." Ed.) 

1st Gen.— Edward Haskins. Died 1693. IMarried 
Martha Tanner Jones, widow. 

2nd Gen.— Edward Haskins, Jun'r. Died 1727. (Will 
made. Recorded 1728.) 

3rd Gen.— 

1. Edward Haskins. . ,, ,.,_, ^^^ ., , 

2. Robert Haskins. ■ , /.■ ir,-)-< 'i i ,, > •',,. 

3. Aaron Haskins. 

4. Sarah Haskins. 

5. Creed Haskins. Died 1781. Executor 1727. See 
Will. (Our Col. Robert Haskins is not the son of Creed.) 

See Will. 

"Robert Haskins (3rd Gen.) has Jane Haskins, who 
married Stephen T ." 

4th Gen.— Creed Haskins. Bom 1774. Edward Has- 
kins. Died 1851. 









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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

'- "History of Henrico Parish, Va., ^loore, p. 7 : 

Sept. 27th, 1731. "Thence dowTi to said Creek, . . . 

to be processioned by Edward Haskins and Creed Haskins." 
Edward and Creed were the sons of Edward and Martha 

Tanner Jones Haskins. Edward, husband of ]SIartha, died 

1727. Creed Haskins' will dated in 1781. His son Creed 

died in 1790. 

"Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 14, p. 90: 

"Cumberland County (taken from Goochland 1749). 
First Court held May 22, 1749. 

"The Justices were George Carrington, Creed Haskins, 
James Terry," etc. 

Powhatan was formed from Cumberland in 1777. 

Richmond, Virginia, Henrico Countv Clerk's Office, Hen- 
rico Co., Va. "Order Book 1737-1746," p. 25: 

"The County of Henrico is Dr. to Abraham Baily, Con- 
stable, 245. 

"Aaron Haskins, Do, for same service made oath to 319." 

"At court held December 3, 1 737." 

To . . . 900 acres on the South side of Bush River 
joining on the Line of Haskins and Randolph in Amelia 
County. June ye 14th, 1739. 

"Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 14," p. 343. 

Meade's "Old Churches of Va.," Vol. 2, pp. ZZ and 34: 
"In 1745, Southam Parish was cut off from St. Jaines 
Northam, in Goochland Co., which Co. then extended over 
James River and to the Appomattox. That on the South 
side of James River was called Southam Parish. This 
Parish is now in Powhatan Co., which was separated at a 
later date from Cumberland. There is a vestry book of this 
Parish, whose record began in 1745 and continued until 
1791. 

The 1st church of this Parish has long been called Tar 
Wallett, and is built in what is now Littleton Parish, Cum- 
berland Co. The next (Church) was ordered on James 



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Haskins Family 



River. . . . The next at or near . . . Worley's; 
also one at Peterville; also another called Ham. 

"The following is a list of the vestrymen: . . . 
(1750) Creed Haskins, Edward Haskins." 

"Virginia County Records, Vol. 6," p. 1S3. 
Index to Land Grants, Cumberland County, Book Xo. 31, 
p. 469. 

1755. Creed Haskins obtains 400 acres. 

"Deeds, Wills, Etc., 1748-1740," "1749," p. 87: 
Mary Haskins, Executor of Aaron Haskins, dec'd, of the 

Parish of Dale, sells to Elam Farmer 142 Acres, for 42 £. 
Dated First 2^Ion. in April, 1749. Wit. by Charles 

Haskins. 

Allen's History of Kentucky, p. 397: 

"Mr. Creed Haskins was born in Frederick County, Vir- 
ginia, December 2, 1773, and came to Kentucky with his 
father, Robert Haskins, when a small boy. Creed died 
April 21, 1851, aged 77 yrs. 4 mo. and 19 days. 

"Creed has a brother, Edward Haskins. Born 1766 and 
died April 12th, 1837, in the 72nd yr. of his age." 

"Orders, Henrico Co. Court, 1663-1667." 

Page 214. Same as above reference: "April Court, 1761, 
Robert Haskins, case against John Redford." 

Page 330. Same as above reference: "Case of Richard 
Adams against . . . Robert Haskins. Sep. Court, 
1764. 

Page 622, "Orders, Henrico Co. Court, 1663-1667": 

"Joseph Haskins appears in Court August, 1766." 

Page 644. Same as above reference: 

Case of "James Arnett against Creed Elaskins. Decem- 
ber Court, 1766, Henrico Co., Va." 

"Edward Haskins married Martha Finney in Amelia 
Co., Va., January 26, 1766." 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 4, p. 66. 



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Genealogy, avith Brief Sketches 

Edward Haskins married Nancy Vaughan, in Amelia 
Co., Va., November, 1797. 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 4," p. 67. ■ • '■ 

"Orders, Vol. V, 1771," p. 301, at Chesterfield Co., 
County Clerk's Office: 

"Robert Haskins, assignee of Ellis Palmour, against 
Benj. Lockett. July Court, 1773, Chesterfield County, Va." 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 4," p. 67: 
"November, 1797. Edward Haskins married Nancy 
Vaughan. Va. Marriages in Amelia Co." 

"Va. His. Mag., Vol. IV," p. 452: 

"Jane Haskins married Stephen Trabue July 24, 17SS, 
and had: Wm. T. Trabue, Chastain Haskins Trabue, 
Rebecca Trabue, Elizabeth Trabue, Edward Trabue and 
Francis Trabue. Born November 1, 1798. Died June 13, 
1863, near Nashville, Tenne." 

(More here of the Trabue genealogy if wanted.) 

"Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 10," p. 414: 

The Trial of Rev. A. :\IcRoberts, Minister of Dale Par- 
ish, Chesterfield. 

"The people of Chesterfield Co., Va., March, 1774." 
"Robert Haskins, foreman. 

"Is there another instance in our records where a county 
court tried a minister for a breach of ecclesiastical law? 
May court, 1772." 

"List of Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia. Report of 
the State Librarian, 1912," p. 208: 

"Colonel Robert Haskins, Chesterfield. Taken from 
Auditor's Account Book, 1779 (MS.)," p. 198. 

P. 208: "Robert Haskins, Auditor's Account Book 18, 
p. 650." 

P. 208 : "Thomas Haskins, Bounty Warrants." 

310 » 



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Haskins Fa:mily 



"Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia, Report of the State 
Librarian, 1912," p. 207: 

"Aaron Haskins (en), Chesterfield, Secretary of War's 
Report, in 1835." 

P. 207: "Capt. Creed Haskins, Chesterfield, Auditor's 
Account Book, 1779, p. 158. 

P. 207: "Edward Haskins. Journal of the House of 
Delegates, 1776-1835." 

"Wm. and I\Iary College Quarterly, Vol. 5," p. 247: 
"Committee for Prince Edward Co., chosen 20 Nov., 1775 

"A partial list for Prince Edward Co. of 19 June, 1775, 
gives with seven names on the above list those of . . . 
and "Thomas Haskins." 

Thomas Haskins was appointed an appraisor of the 
Estate of Creed Haskins, April 11, 1792. 

Thomas was Creed's brother, and they were both sons 
of Creed Haskins, who died in 1781. 

"Thomas Haskins, Pittsylvania. 

"I certify that Thomas Haskins, now of this county, was 
a Corporal in the Sixth Virginia Regiment, on Continental 
establishment, and that I loiew him in that service for two 
years. 

"Given under my Hand this 28th Day of October, 1811. 
"Jas. Johnson, 

"Late Major in the 6th Virginia Regiment on Continental 
Establishment. 

"Land Bounty Vouchers, A-Z." 

"Va. His. Mag. Vol. 9," p. 80: 
"Va. Militia in the Revolution. 

Sep. 10, 1777 — Edward Haskins, for rations, etc., as 
Major of the Powhatan Militia, accot., 7£ 16s. 8d." 

Page 19, "Order Book, June, 1767-1769": 

"The action of debt brought by Joseph Haskins and 

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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Martha, his wife, against Milner Redford is Dismissed. At 
Henrico County Court House, Richmond, Va." 

P. 447, "Order Book 17S1-17S4": 

"Monday, 3d of November, 1783. Meeting of the Court 
kt the Court House in Richmond, Va. 

"Ordered that the church Wardens of Henrico Parish, 
bind out Elijah Haskins a poor Orphan according to 
Law." 

P. 42, "Order Book 17S4-17S7": 

"Court March, 17S5. 

"Ordered that the Church Wardens of Henrico Parish 
Bind out Elijah Haskins, Orphan of Joseph Haskins dec'd 
according to Law." 

P. 412, "Orders, Vol. 6, 1774," at Chesterfield County 
Clerk's Office: 

"Robert Haskins vs. Jno. Clay — April Court, 1783." 

P. 441. Same reference as above: 

"Robert Haskins against Aaron Haskins, Joseph Has- 
kins, John Haskins. For want of prosecution, ordered that 
this Suit be dismissed." June Court, 1783. 

P. 66, Orders, Vol. V, 1771," at Chesterfield Countv 
Clerk's Office: 

"A Deed from Joseph Haskins to Robert Haskins was 
proved by the oath of James Elam, . . . same is 
ordered to be recorded." ^Nlarch Court, Chesterfield Co., 
1772. 

P. Ill, "Orders, Vol. V, 1771," at Chesterfield Countv 
Clerk's Office: 

"Robert Haskins against Aaron, Joseph, John and Creed 
Haskins." June Court, 1772. 

P. 152, Vol. 14, "Wm. and Mary College Quarterly": 

Edward Tabb'' (son of John,^ son of Thomas,^ son of 
Humphrey^) and Lucy (Todd), his \xiie, in 1779, in the 
County of Gloucester, of Kingston Parish, made a deed to 
Creed Haskins. 

Wit., Robert Boiling, etc. 

This may be to the Creed Haskins who died in 1781, or 
to his son, Creed Haskins, who died in 1790. 



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1S351909 

Taken at the age of 50 years. 

Philadelphia, Pa. 



Haskins Family 



"Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 14," p. 91 : 
"■Militia Officers of Powhatan County, 1777-1778." 
"Aug. 21, 1777. Thomas Harris . . . Thomas 
Haskins qualified as captains." 

"The Cabells and Their Kin," pp. 164 and 165: 

"November 27, 1775. 

"The election of a new committee under the ordinance 
of the July, 1775, Convention, took place. Twelve of the old 
committee retired, namely . . . Twelve of the old 
committee were re-elected, namely . . . Edward 
Haskins." 

P. 91, Vol. 14, No. 1, "Virginia Historical Magazine": 

"Militia Officers of Powhatan County, 1777-1778. 

"July 17, 1777, Wm. Fleming, Esq., recommended as 
Lieutenant of the Co., John Harris as Lieutenant Colonel 
and Edward Haskins as Major. 

"August 21, 1777. The above named officers produced 
their commissions and Cjualified by taking the oaths. Poin- 
dexter Mosby and Thomas Haskins as Captains." ,. 

Near Haskinsville, Kentucky, in a small private grave- 
yard on a little hill, near where once stood the home of 
Colonel Robert Haskins and his wife, Elizabeth Hill Has- 
kins, I found the following tombstones, on which were 
marked: 

"In memory of Robert Haskins,* who died December 
2nd, 1804, aged 72 yrs." 

"In memory of Elizabeth Haskins. Died April 13th, 
1817, aged 84 years."** 

The following tombstones are also in the Haskins bury- 
ing ground: 

"In Memorv of Creed Haskins. Born Dec. 2, 1773, and 
died April 21^ 1851." 

*Col. Robert was born in 1732. 
**She was born 1733 and was Elizabeth, or Betty, Hill. (I saw these 
alter a long drive out to find them, and they are all in beautiful order. 
Editor.) 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



"Sallie, Wife of Creed Haskins. Born Nov. 6, 1775. 
Died Aug. 26, 1864." 

"Our Father and IMother are gone, 

They lie beneath this sod; 
Dear parents, we miss you much, 
We know you rest with God." 

Tombstone marked : 

"In memory of Judith Thurman, who died April 29, 
1847." 

"Robert Haskins,=^ born Sep. 9, 1813. Died Nov. 15, 

1872." 

***** ■" •' 

June 12, 1906. 

All these tombstones are in an old family graveyard on 
a little hill known as Camp Knox, so called because it was 
the spot where Colonel Knox camped and fought with the 
Indians. On an old beech tree w-as carved: "300 skins 
(bear and deer skins) destroyed by the Indians." 

This was quite near the home of Mr. Perry Cunduff, a 
farmer, who now owns all this property. This property 
was once Colonel Robt. Haskins', and here stood their first 
home in the then Kentucky wilderness. 

The son of Colonel Robert was Creed Haskins. His 
large old home was further on towards the edge of the 
county. I visited this, and was charmed with it. I was 
invited into it, and was even taken to the line old cellar, 
built for a place of refuge from the Indians. 

These homes are not far from the little town of Haskins- 
ville. 

The graveyard was the center of interest for me. as here 
Colonel Robert Haskins and his wife, Elizabeth Hill Has- 
kins, lie. An old cherry tree is in the center of the grounds, 
and a rough wall of limestones, taken from the place, sur- 
rounds the spot. We had been almost deluged with a very 
heavy rain, but 'ere we left the enclosure the sun broke 
through the clouds in all its glory, and I came away with 

* Robert's wife lies beside liim, but the grave is not yet marked. These 
are the father and mother of the Cousin Haskins whom I met in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, and the great-grandson of Colonel Robert. Editor. 



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Haskins Family 



the most grateful heart, for ray brightest anticipations had 
been more than realized. Ed. 

I found these graves eleven miles from Greensburg, 
Kentucky, and two miles from Haskinsville, on the Greens- 
burg and Columbia road, near Camp Knox. 

The graveyard is probably 50 feet by 50. Most beautiful 
country surrounds it. 

I was greatly indebted to the kindness and courtesy of 
Mr. W. W. Cornelison, of Camp Knox, Green Co., Ky., who 
left his home in the heavy rainstorm, and with a good 
horse escorted our carriage to the graveyard. I am sure we 
could not have found it by ourselves. This is in Adair 
County, but almost on the line with Green Co., Kentucky. 

I also saw in this locality a small brick church (Chris- 
tian church) just off Skin House Branch (a small creek), 
which empties into Caney Fork. This tiny river is called 
"Caney Fork," from the reeds or canes which grew on it. 

Skin House Branch was so called because they dried the 
skins of the bears here and built the house of the skins. 

I was in the War Departm.ent, at Washington, D. C, 
and asked that the services of Colonel Robert Haskins 
should be found. They could not find them under the 
State of Virginia, but after quite a time of search found for 
me the following under the State of New Jersey, and this 
was enough: 

"Rob Haskins, Colonel, organization not stated. New 
Jersey, Revolutionary War, appears only as shown below 
in a list on the reverse side of a communication, dated July 
29, 1780, of which the following is a copy: 
Mr. Josiah Lacy, 

Sir: This list contains one division of the militia of this 
county, which you are to summon to meet at a convenient 
place, and raise what sum of money you think proper in 
addition to the bounty of one thousand weight of tobacco, 
the public bounty, and depute one of your body to enlist 
an able-bodied man to serve until the last of December, 
1781, in the Continental Army, proportioning the addi- 
tional sums opposite their names. You are to produce the 

31.5 



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I received the following letter: 

From "Mrs. Amos G. Draper, Registrar General, 902 
F Street, Washington, D. C, May 5, 1908." 

To "Mrs. Thomas Roberts Harper, Philadelphia, Penna. 

"My Dear Mrs. Harper: — Inclosed please find permit* 
for Colonel Robert Haskins. I also inclose certificate from 
War Department. Yours very sincerely, 
; ,•'•: "Bell Merrill Draper. 

: ■ "Mrs. Amos G. Dr.a.per, 

"Registrar General, N. S. D. A. R." 

P. 323, "Will Book No. 3," at Chesterfield County 
Clerk's Office: 

Creed Haskins' Will, dated seventh day of June, 17S1, 
of Brunswick Co., Va.: 

To daughter Mary Ballew, to son Edward Haskins, both 
receive negroes. 

To daughter Rebecca Bass's children, to son Thomas 
Haskins, both receive negroes and other estate. 

Son Creed Haskins land and plantation in Chesterfield 
Co. whereon he now lives, 390 a. and negroes, and other 
Estate formerly lent him. 

To grandson, Edward Haskins; to son, John Haskins, 
negroes and all the remainder of Estate. 

*This permit enabled me to have the additional gold bar made, at 
J. E. Caldwell's, Philadelphia, Penna., for the Daughters of the .'\merican 
Revolution. Any of Colonel Robert Haskins' lineal descendants may enter 
under him. I had entered under Edward Trabue. 



Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



man enlisted to me on or before the 28th day of Aug. ne.xt, 

at which time those failing will be drafted. I 

"John Bott, C. Lt. '^ 

"Col. Rob Haskin.s— £84— 10— " | 

Lillie D. P. V. C. Harper. Wednesday, .\pril 22, 1908, Phila., Pa. j 

Copies of the "Record of Services" of either of these ancestors may :' 

be obtained at D. A. R. Headquarters at Washington, D. C, for a slight > 

sum paid to a stenographer in their D. A. R. rooms. ' 

They very kindly extended these courtesies to my brother upon a '' 

letter written from me. He wished to enter the "Sons of the American ; 

Revolution." Ed. » 



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Haskins Family 



Sons Edward and John to be Executors. 

Signed Creed Haskins. 
Wit. Richard Lamb, 
Thos. Penn, 
Thos. Lester, 
Robt. Kennedy. 
"Item. I give unto my Daughter Phebe the Negroes and 
other Estate formerly Lent her." 
Will probated Oct. Court, 1782. 

See "Orders, Vol. 6, 1774," p. 376. ,,■., •,, -: 

Edward Haskins wife Martha, died 1727. 

Creed Haskins died 1781. 

Creed Haskins married Phebe Rudd, of Chesterfield Co. 
Will dated , 1790. Has 2 daughters, Phebe Has- 
kins, Elizabeth Haskins. 

Creed Haskins leaves his land in Chesterfield County to 
the sons of his two brothers, Edward, deceased in 1790, and 
Thomas, who settles his (Creed's) estate in 1792. 

(1) Edward Haskins and ^Martha Tanner Jones Has- 
kins have son, Creed Haskins. 

(2) Creed Haskins, will dated 7th June, 1781, Bruns- 
wick Co., Va., has: 

(3) Mary. Married Ballew. 

(3) Edward Haskins. Died by 1790. Has sons. 

(3) Rebeccah Haskins. Married Bass. Have 

issue. 

(3) Thomas Haskins (alive in 1790). Has sons. 

(3) Creed Haskins. Died 1790. Land in Chesterfield 
Co., 390 a., whereon he now lives. Married Phebe Rudd, 
and had Phebe and Elizabeth Haskins. Land went to 
sons of Edward and Brother Thomas. Alive in 1790. 

(3) John Haskins, all the remainder of Estate. 

Mentions Grandson Edward and Daughter Phebe. Sons 
Edward and John Executors. 

P. 518, "Orders, Vol. 6, 1774," at Chesterfield County 
Clerk's Office: 

Suit in March Court, 1784. 
Aaron Haskins vs. Jno. Burton, Jr. 

317 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



P. 537, same as above, "Orders, Vol. 6, 1774": 
"Ordered that Creed Haskins Gent be recommended to 

the Governor and Council as a proper person to be added 

to the commission of the peace for this county. May Court, 

1784." 

This Creed Haskins was son of Creed Haskins, who died 

in 1781. 

Fortner county seat was at Brentsville; moved to Manas- 
sas 1894. 

Manassas Countv Clerk's Office, Circuit Court, County 
of Prince William,* Va. 

"Wills. G., p. 338." "1786" 

I, John Haskins, planter, Co. of Prince Wm. and Parish 
of Dettinger, To — 

Daughter Rachel Jordan, . . . daughter Lucretia, 
son James, . . . grandson James Lowe, daughter 
Susannah Picket, . . . grandson John Knight, . . . 
grand-daughter IMary Pickett, wife of Samuel Pickett 
. . . daughter Mary Whitley, wife of Nath. Pickett, 
. . . grand-daughter Susan Knight, . . . daugh- 
ter Lucretia be of age 1795; son James be of age 1798. 

Executors, John Lowe, John Jordan. 

N 

Witnesses: Signed J— Haskins. 

John Carie, o 

his 
Dave X Bland. 

mark ; • - ' 

Teste R. Graham, CI. Co. 

Prob. in court held for Prince Wm. Co.,* 6th of March, 
1786. 

At Clerk's Office, Chesterfield County, Virginia, "Will 
Book IV," p. 376: 

Creed Haskins, Will, dated , 1790, of Chester- 
field Co., Va. 

*Prince Wm. Co. was taken from Stafford and King Geo. in 1730. 
318 



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Haskins Family 



I give unto my two daughters, Phebe and Elizabeth, the 
two youngest daughters of Phebe Rudd, 1000 pounds, to 
be divided between them at my death. If either of them 
should die, to be divided equally among her other daugh- 
ters, viz., Nancy, Margaret, Mary and Martha, or to the 
survivors of them. 

To my brother, John Haskins, my riding Horse. 

To the sons of my dec'd brother, Edward Haskins, and 
also the sons of my brother Thomas Haskins, all the rest of 
my real estate. 

Executors, Thomas (brother) and his son William. 

I have set my hand and seal this day, , 1790. 

Not signed. Not witnessed. 

Inventory is made on Estate of Creed Haskins, dec'd, 
11th of April, 1792, page 639, same reference as above. 

"Deed Book No. 2," p. 29, at County Clerk's Office, 
Greensburg, Ky. : 

Wm. Logwood of Chesterfield Co. Va. appoints his trusty 
friend Daniel Trabue of Woodford Co. Ky., his lawfull 
Attorney, dated June 17, 1796. 

This is signed, sealed and Delivered in presence of 

Geo. Smith, Creed Haskins, Joseph Burton, Edward 
Haskins, Sally Haskins (this is husband and wife), J. 
Haskins, Robert Haskins. 

This is proved at a county Court held for Green Co.* at 
the Court house 20th Nov., 1798. 

"Hening's Statutes at Large, Va., Vol. 13," p. 151 : 

"11th of December, 1790. 

"From the land of ... in the county of Mecklen- 
burg, across Roanoke river to the land of Christopher Has- 
kins, on the opposite shore." 

Vol. 14, p. 156: 

"To the Land of Christopher Haskins, for a Man four 
cents, for a Horse four cents. Laws of Virginia, 1792." 

*Adair Co., Ky., was the 44th county. It was erected 1801 out of 
Green Co. 

Green Co. was formed in 1792. 

319 



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Gene.^logy, with Brief Sketches 

"Deed Book No. 2," p. 254, at County Clerk's Office, 
Greensburg, Ky.: 

Indenture to Robert Haskins for 145 a. of an original 
tract of 666 2-3 a. from John and Zach. Johnston, late of 
Va., and Robert Haskins, of the Co. of Green, Ky. 

Dated Nov. 8, 1800. 

Stephen Trabue's place is mentioned near Frankfort, Ky. 

Same date, p. 256, comes an indenture to Elizabeth 
Trabue for 50 acres as her part. 

Page 266, same date, an indenture to Stephen Trabue 
for 2S0£ in Green Co., Ky., 240 a. in all, as his part of 
the original warrant of 666 2-3 acres. 

"Deed Book No. 4," at County Clerk's Office, Greens- 
burg, Ky., p. 113: 

Indenture made 24th day of March, 1804, between 
Stephen Trabue, of the Co. of Green, gives to Daniel Tra- 
bue and Robert Haskins, of Adair Co., Trustees for the 
Baptist Church of 'Mt Gilliard Meeting House, Stephen 
Trabue for 5 shillings and for the Love and Respect that 
he bears to the said Church, hath Granted and given and 
confirms to the said Daniel Trabue and Robert Haskins 
for said Church so long as they shall keep up a meeting 
house, and to their successors forever. One and a quarter 
acres of land, it being v/here the meeting house now stands. 

Copied by Editor June 12, 1906. 

At Countv Clerk's Office, Chesterfield, Va. P. 543, 
"Wills No. 9": 

Robert Haskins Jr's Will. Co. of Chesterfield, dated 
Oct. 2, 1821. 

To nephew Robert R. Branch, a negro woman; to nephew 
Aaron H. Branch, . . . children of sister Martha 
Lacay; father Aaron Haskins sole Ex. 

-lyj^ Signed Robert H.a.skixs. 

R. Haskins, 
John H. Haskins, 
John Winfree, Jr. 

320 



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HaSKINS FAillLY 



Probated March 11th, 1822, by the oaths of Robert Ras- 
kins, Sr., and Jno Winfree. 

Aaron Haskins also made oath and received certificate 
for obtaining probate. 

P. 440, "Wills No, 12, 1830-1834," at County Clerk's 
Office, Chesterfield Co., ^'a.: 

Inventory on Estate of Major Aaron Haskins, dec'd, 
shown to us by Colo. John H. Haskins, his administrator 
. . . shows estate worth $7,274.25. 

Dated Jan. 16, 1833. Signed J. Elam. 

. . . J. H. Haskins, Adm. 

Probated Feb. 11,1833. 

P. 515, "Wills No. 12, 1830-1834." Same as above ref- 
erence. 

Commissioners give 145 a. to Eliza D. Haskins, widow 
of Aaron Haskins, March 26, 1833. 

P. 238, "Wills No. 13, 1834-1837": ' ' 

Eliza D. Haskins. Will dated 19th of Sep., 1833. Prob. 

Aug. 10, 1835, at Co. Clerk's Office, Chesterfield Co. Court 

House. 

P. 125: "Haskins Hatcher, or Hatcher Haskins, mar- 
ried Elizabeth H. Adkinson, Dec. 16, 1813." 

See "Marriage Records" at County Clerk's Office, 
Greensburg, Ky. 

"Robert Haskins married Sally Hatcher, Oct. 31st, 
1822." 

See "Marriage Records Book," page 49, at County 
Clerk's Office, Greensburg, Ky. 

Page 118, "Marriage Records," at County Clerk's Office, 
Greensburg, Ky. : 

"By Rev. M. C. Rowland, John Haskins married to 
Sally Davis, May 17, 1832." 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Greensburg, Ky., "Will Book No. 2," p. 316, at Countv 
Clerk's Office: 

Will of Edward Haskins, dated Dec. 31, 1836, of Green 
Co., Ky. 

Wife Susanna, sons Aaron, Edward B. Haskins; dau. 
Martha Ann Burton; mentions 4 chil. by his last wife. 

Survey to Creed Haskins. 30 a. surveyed in Green Co., 
Ky., South side of Green River, on Cany Fork. Previous 
Warrant No. 23,525, granted for 1000 a. on Cany Fork. 
Survey dated Nov. 16th, 1835. 

See "Book of Surveys" at County Clerk's Office, Greens- 
burg, Kentucky. 

At Chesterfield Countv Clerk's Office, Richmond, Va. 
P. 636, "Will Book 13,"'April 15, 1837: 

Appraisement of property of Edward Haskins, dec'd. 

Colonel Robert Haskins, born 1732, died Dec. 2, 1804, 
aged 72. INIarried Elizabeth Hill, born 1733, died April 
13, 1817, aged 84. Had son (2) Creed Haskins. 

Creed Haskins, born Nov. 6, 1775, died Aug. 26, 1864, 
aged 88 yrs. Married Sallie Thurman, daughter of Major 
and Judith Thurman. Major Thurman served lionorably 
in War of 1812. Had two children: 

Robert Haskins, born 1813, died 1872, and Judith Has- 
kins. Married John Wakefield, of Green Co., Ky. 

Robert, son of Creed, born Sept. 9, 1813, died Nov. 15, 
1872. Married Amelia G. Ow^sley, of Cumberland Co., 
Ky., daughter of Dr. Joel Owsley and Mary Lewis Owsley, 
and had: 

Creed Haskins, of Campbellsville, Ky. Born July 9, 
1842. Married Elizabeth Jeter, daughter of Captain Rodo- 
phil E. Jeter, and had 1 son, Wm. Owsley Haskins, born I 

June, 1865, died April, 1887, aged 22 yrs.' | 

I 

Wednesday, August 15, 1906, I left Richmond, crossed | 

James River to Manchester, took electric car to Centralia, | 

1 1 miles. Took carriage with Mr. Ward, drove 3^/2 miles | 






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HaSKIXS FAillLY 



to Chesterfield Court House. Mr. Cogbell, County Clerk, 
and Mr. Perdue helped me. Looked for Haskins, Trabue 
and Kirtley. Reached hotel in Ricliraond at 9.1 S, very 
tired, but felt repaid in my work for tlie day, as it was 
most satisfactory. 

Culpeper Co., Friday, August 17, 1906, stopped at Mil- 
ler's Hotel. This is so old and quaint. Mr. Gilkinson, 
Mr. Torrence's friend from the Va. State Library, helped 
me. I found the Kirtleys and Earlys. Left at 6.20, arrived 
at Manassas at 9. Went to the beautiful Prince Wm. Plotel, 
just a few steps from the station. 

Winchester, my search here was of no account. Go to 
Fredericksburg and then drive 18 miles to Spotsilvania 
Court House. 

August IS, 1906, Saturday morning, I stopped at the 
beautiful Prince Wm. Hotel, INIanassas. Met ]Mr. Baker 
and Judge Wm. E. Lipscomb at the Court House, who 
aided me in my search for the Haskins family. This is 
the county seat of Prince Wm. Co. Ed. 

Allen's "History of Kentucky," p. 23: 

"The Virginia troops who had served in the French War 
were given bounty lands in Kentucky, and in 1773 sur- 
veyors were sent out." 

P. 146 (these surveyors) "located the bounty lands 
which had been given to the Virginia troops by the British 
Crown for services rendered in the war with the French. 
Some of the earliest settlers of Green and Adair counties 
were located in this valley and were all men of the highest 
character," such were Colonel Robert Haskins, Colonel 
Daniel Trabue, Stephen Trabue and Henry Hatcher. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Trabue and her daughters also located here. 

"The old county of Kentucky was divided in 1781 into 
three counties, Jefferson, Fayette and Lincoln. Jefferson 
included all that part lying south of the Kentucky River, 
north of Greene River, and west of Big Benson and Ham- 
mond's Creek. "Collins' History of Kentucky," p. 362. 

323 



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Genealogy, avith Brief Sketches 



"Allen's History of Kentucky," p. 3S3 and 397: 
"In the years 1795 and 1796 a set of very wealthy and 
worthy farmers removed from the blue-grass regions of 
Kentucky to Green County. They were the Trabues the 
Haskins, the Hunts, etc. All the persons named were 
regarded as worthy and highlv respectable citizens. The 
family of Haskins were all Baptists and constituted the 
First Church organized at Mt. Gilead, on Skinhou^e 
Branch of Caney Fork Run." 

''Allen's History of Kentucky," pages 397 and 26: 
"The first commissioners of tax were John Chandler 
and Creed Haskins. Creed Haskins was a prominent 
young man, just entering on business. He was born in 
Frederick Co., Va., Dec. 2, 1773. Daniel Trabue, Henry 
Hatcher and three others of the Trabues, all brother"^ 
marned his sisters." (Daniel, Edward, Stephen and 
William Trabue). 

From preface, p. 1, "Official Manual of Kentucky," pub- 
lished by Geo. G. Fetter, 1904, Louisville, Kv.: "April 
1792, a convention assembled at Danville, Kv., and pre- 
pared a constitution of Government; and Tune 4, 1792 the 
territory known as West Fincastle Co., of Va. was admitted 
to the Federal Union, as a Sovereign State, the Common- 
wealth of Kentucky." 

"Va. County Record, Vol. 1, Spotsylvania, 1721-1800": 

"Will Book B." 

"Will of Thomas Warren, Planter, Spotsvlvania Co., 
died Apr. 13, 1749, proved Dec. 4, 1750. Executrix, wife 
Mary and executor son . . . 95 acres of land which 
lormerly gave to my daughter Rachel Hasken, daughter 
Elizabeth Brook, daughter Mary Buford, daughter Roxana 
More, son Launcelot Warren. 

Thomas Warren died 1749, had married Mary 

and had: 

Rachel Warren. Married Hasken. 






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Haskins Family 



Elizabeth Warren. ISIarried Brook. 

Mary Warren. Married Buford. 

Roxana Warren. ISIarried More. 

Launcelot Warren. 

"Dr. Richard Haskins, M. D., wife Esther, living about 
1710. Richard and Esther Haskins had daughter, Anne 
Haskins. Married John Carpenter, son of the well-known 
Samuel Carpenter." "Penna. Mag., Vol. 1," p. 472. 

Archer A. Haskins, of Prince Edward County, Va. 
Jilarried Mary Landon Overbey, daughter of Mrs. Ann C. 
Flournoy and J. Overbey, Esq., of Prince Edward Co. 
They were married March 12, 1848. Mary w-as born Feb. 
16, 1850. She was married to A. A. Haskins, I^Iay 15, 
1867. He was Captain in 3rd Virginia Cavalry, C. S. A. 
He was a son of Col. E. O. Haskins, who served in the 
War of 1812. 

Archer and Mary had 8 children: 

1. Nannie Haskins. 

2. Edward Overbey Haskins. 

3. William Irvine Haskins. 

4. Thomas Cabell Haskins. 

5. Jane Ruth Haskins. 

6. Sallie Opie Haskins. 

7. Mattie Haskins. 

8. Jessie Branch Haskins. Married, 1890, Pattie 
Moore, of Danville. 

"The Cabells and their kin," p. 371 : 

Mrs. Linda E. Haskins, wife of Judge H. M. Haskins, 
Owensboro, Ky. 

Hayden's "Virginia Genealogy," published 1891. 

Also, p. 623, "Virginia Genealogy," mentions: 
Hon. Gustavus Scott, of Montgomery Co., Maryland. 
Born at "Westwood," Prince Wm. Co., Va., 1753. Died 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Washington, D. C, 1801. Married Margaret Hall Caile, 
daughter of Hall Haile, of Annapolis, Md., and his wife, 
Miss Haskins. 

There are quite a number of "Haskins" in New Eng- 
land. These, we believe, are related to the Haskins of 
Virginia. Ed. 

"Vital Records of Rhode Island," p. 355, 1636-1850, 
Vol. 17. 

Ma.Ty Haskins married Cyrus Chipman, at Greenwich 
Village. Married by Wm. P. Wing, Esq. 



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HASKINS FAMILY IN ENGLAND 

Page 9, Vol. 6, Somersetshire, England, Marriages, Pit- 
minster: John Haskins and Elizabeth Cudball, 14 July, 
1567. 



Somersetshire, England, Marriages, Vol. 6. Stockland 
Gaunts. Page 79: 

Robert Hausk>Tis and Christine Batten, 27 October, 
1617. 



Berkshire Parish, England, Register, Wantage, Mar- 
riages, Vol. 1, page 29: John Haskins and Alice Stiles, 
7 October, 1637. 



Berkshire Parish, England, Register, Vol. 1, page 31, 
Wantage, Marriages: John Haskins, senior, and Annis 
Aldworth, 16 October, 1641. 



Somerset Parish, England, Registers, Martock, Mar- 
riages, page 48: Robert Haskens and Ann Baker (by Mr. 
James St.), 11 September, 1657. 



"Acts of the Privy Council, Colonial Series, 1613-1680," 
page 440: "Whitehall, 15 February, 1667. John Knight 
and . . . merchants of Bristol, . . . represent- 
ing the distress of the island of Nevis for want of pro- 
visions and clothing . . . having the pink Johx of 
Bristol ready laden for that place . . . the Lord 
High Admiral is authorized to grant a pass for the vessel, 
Robert Hauskins, Master, and six seamen." 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Page 28, Vol. 7, Somersetshire, England, Marriages, 
Pitminster: Nathaniel Haskeens and Joan Priest, widow, 
15 February, 1670. 

Berkshire, England, Wantage, Marriages, Vol. 1, page 
45: Mary Haskins and John Worgan, 27 December, 1673. 

Page 108, Vol. 6, Somersetshire, England, Marriages, 
Cannington: William Haskins and Anne Hicks, 14 Janu- 
ary, 1677. 



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KIRTLEY 

Deed of Gift 

John Roberts, of St. George's Parish, Spotsilvania Co., 
Va., to son-in-law, Francis Kerley, of St. George's Par- 
ish, Spotsilvania Co., dated May 14, 1722. Recorded 
September 4, 1722: 

"100 acres on ye mountain run" — patented July 12, 
1718. 

Witnesses: Augt. Smith, Daniel Huff, Abel Maylard. 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1," p. 88: 
"February 10, 1723. • 

Witness : : . ■ ■ " • , ; ■ ^ ■ ' 

Francis Kerkley." 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1," page 91: 

Will of John Roberts 

St. George's Parish, Spotsilvania Co., Va., died Sept. 
10, 1724. ^Proved Nov. 3, 1724. Witnesses: 

G. Lightfoot 

John Brown 

Matthew Bailey 

Executor, son-in-law, Francis Kirkley; son John Rob- 
erts, son Benjamin, son George, daughter ^Mary Paten. 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1," page 1: 

John Roberts Married . Had: 

Son John. . . 

Son BenjamJn. 
Son George. 

Daughter Mary, who married Paten. 

Daughter Margaret, who married Francis Kirkley. — 
Ed. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Deed 

"July 7, 1730, John Roberts and his wife Elizabeth, and 
Francis Kirtley and his wife Margaret Roberts Kirtley, 
heirs of John Roberts, deceased, speaks of same land pat- 
ented July 12, 171S." 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1," page 113: 

Deed 

"April 6, 1731, Francis Kirtley, of St. Mark's Parish, 
Spotsilvania Co., Va., 470 acres granted by Patent, dated 
Sept. 28, 1728. Margaret, wife of Francis Kirtley, 
acknowledges her dower," etc. 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1," page 117: 

"Spotsilvania, 1721-lSOO. Order Book, 1724-1730. 
Captain Robert Slaughter and his officers, Francis Kirkley 
. . . took ye Oath September 2, 1729." 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1," page 514: 

"St. J^Iark's Parish," page 13. "1st of January, 1731. 
The freeholders and house keepers met at Germanna and 
elected Goodrich Lightfoot . . . Francis Kirtly (not 
Huntly, as in Bishop Meade's Old Churches) . . . 
were the first church wardens." 

To Francis Kirtly, "October 1st, 1746, 400 acres. Swift 
Run Pass, and 400 north of former; 400 acres adjoining 
above. 

September 3, 1750, Francis Kirkly, 400 on Naked 
Creek, . . . 400 on the east fork of the Creek at the 
mountain, 400 on the middle fork; 400 on the head of said 
creek near Fairfax line; 400 on the West Branch of Naked 
Creek; 400 on East Branch of Dry Run; 400 on West 
Branch of Dry Run; 400 on East Branch of Hawks bill, 
joining Martin's land, 29th December, 1765, money for 
rights tendered by surveyor on behalf of Kirkly." . . . 

"Abstracts of the Records of Augusta County, Va., Vol. 
2," page 380. 



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"Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia, Report of State 
Librarian, 1912," page 257: 

"Francis Kirkley, Culpeper Co., in 1756. Executive 
communications, 1770-1776." 

"Francis Kirtley, Gentleman, Captain of a Company of 
Foot, in the said force, commission dated April 29, 1756." 

"Order Book, 1755-1765." Found in "Va. County 
Records, Vol. 1," page 517. 

"Francis Kirtley, Gentleman. Captain of Foot, in the 
said forces; commission dated April 29, 1756." 

See "Va. Colonial Militia," page 125, by Wm. Arm- 
strong Crozier. 

"Francis Kirkley, . . . Culpeper militia, 1756. 
Executive Papers, l'770-1776." 

"Crozier's Virginia Colonial jNIilitia." "Augusta 
County, September, 175S. Captain Francis Kirtley." 

"Statutes at Large, Hening, Vol. 7, 1756-1763," page 
185: 

"To Captain Francis Kirtley, 17s 6d, deducted for hides 
received by him. 15£ 12s 6d. September, 1758." 

At County Clerk's Office, Culpeper Co., Va.," page 313: 
"Wills A, 1749-1770." "Will of Francis Kirtley, dated 
22nd of November, 1762. To dearly beloved wife, Mar- 
garet Kirtley, rents of the Lands and Plantations; feather 
bed and furniture; negroes, etc. To children: Wm. Kirt- 
ley . . ., Thomas Kirtley . . . , Francis Kirtley . . . , 
James Kirtley . . . , Sarah _Cowharci_ . . . and Mary 
Collins . . . Jonathan Cowhard shall keep the Plan- 
tation whereon he now lives. Margaret Kirtley, my dear 
wife; Wm. Kirtley, Thomas Kirtley, Francis Kirtley and 

333 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

James Kirtley, Executors to this, my last will and testa- 
ment. 

Signed Francis^ Kirtley. 
Witnesses : 

Jolm Hume 

Jonathan Cowhard ^ ,j :..i':i.- ' - 

Richard Griffin ,.., 

Benjamin James , " 

James Cowhard ■ :i.- | 

Each son rec'd a tract of land. Thomas' amount of 
Land is mentioned ISO acres. 

Probated in Court, Culpeper Co., Thursday, 17th day | 

of March, 1763. Teste. Roo;er Dixon, Clerk. 



At Culpeper Countv, Ya., Clerk's Office, August 17, 
1906, page 234, "Wills, 1749-1770": 

Francis Kirtley is guardian, and renders an account in 
the Estate of Robert Tureman, deceased, from the year 
1759. 

his 
Signed Francis jT Kirtley. 
Teste, Roger Dixon. mark 



1st Gen. — Francis Kirtley. Will dated 1762, Culpeper | 

Co. Married Margaret Roberts, wnose will is dated 1777, j 

and had: f 

2nd Gen. — Wm. Kirtley. Jslarried Sarah Early. They 

had Jeremiah. Married Mary Robinson, 1773. \ 

2nd Gen. — Thomas Kirtley. Married Judith . . ., ^ 

and had Lucy Ann Hobson, Elijah, Wm., Matilda, Eliza- '• 

beth Henry. i 

2nd Gen. — Francis Kirtley. ' 
2nd Gen. — James Kirtley. j^A 
2nd Gen. — Sarah Kirtley. Married Jonathan Cowhard. Z^/. 
2nd Gen. — Mary Kirtlev. Married James Collins, anJ^ 

had: ' : 

3rd Gen.— Ann Collins. - I 

3rd Gen. — Margaret Collins. " \ 



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KiRTLEY Family 



At "County Clerk's Office, Culpeper, Va.," page 223, 
"Wills C. 1785-1791": 

"Jeremiah Early. Will dated January 16th, 1786, Cul- 
peper Co., Va. ... to the lawful heir of my son 
Jeremiah Early, deceased, 5£ . . . To daughter Sarah 
Kirtley 4 negroes ... To son Joshua Early . . . 
To grandson Paschal Early . . ., I lend to daughter-in- 
law Jane Early tract of land. To Whitfield and Joseph 
Early sons ... of my son Joseph deceased, the land 
lent to Jane Early. To Wm. Early, one of the issue of 
Joseph Early, deceased ... To son Jacob Early 
. . . To daughter Ann Rogers ... To daughter 
Hannah Scott ... To son Joel Early . . . 

Joel Early executor and in case of his death grandsons 
Elijah and Jeremiah Kirtley. 

his 
Jeremiah 4: Early. 

Page 225: mark 

Witnesses: . "' 

Joel Harvey, etc. 

Probated at a Culpeper County Court, Feb. 19, 1787. 

County Clerk's Office, Culpeper County, Va. •'■-'- 

"Deed Book 2, 1790-1792," page 50. 

"January 14, 1791. 

Deed from Joel Early and Lucy, his wife, of Culpeper 
County, Virginia. 

Signed Joel Early, 
Witnesses: Lucy Early. 

Thos. Graves, Jr. 

Joel Graves. 

Recorded January 19, 1791." 

At County Clerk's Office, Culpeper County, Va., page 
413, "Wills 1770-1783": 

"Margaret Kirtley's Will, of Culpeper Co., Va. Dated 
26th day of February, 1777: 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

I Lend to my grand daughter Arm Collins Two slaves, 
one feather bed and furniture, one Brass Warming Pan, one 
Black Cow ; if Ann Collins dies without heirs, slaves to go 
to My Grand daughter Margaret Collin and her assigns 
forever. All the Rest of my Estate Real and Personal shall 
be equally divided among all my children, James Collins 
ray son Thomas Kirtley Executors. 



her 




T r signed INIarg.'Vret X Kirtley, 


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In presence of - ^^^^^ 


Daniel Ray, 




his 


Gideon X Crawford, 




mark 




Oliver Crawford. 




Probated in Court, 20th day March, 1781. 





"In 1745, Captain Abraham Field was chosen vestry- 
man in place of P. Kirtley, removed." 

"As early as 1728 Goodrich Lightfoot counted the 
tobacco plants from the mouth of Mountain Run (in what 
is now Culpeper) up to Joseph Howe's plantation, and 
across to the mouth of the Robinson River; Robert Green 
and Francis Kirtley on the other side of Mountain Run 
to the North River." 

Will of Francis Kirtley, dat-d Nov. 22, 1762, had two 
daughters who had married Jonathan Cowherd and James 
Collins, March 1, 1763. 

Benjamin Newlon married 1803 Nancy Kirtley. 

John Rogers married 1791, Sarah Kirtley. 

"Notes on Culpeper Co.," Green: 

"John Buford, soon after marrying (about 1736) left 
Middlesex Co., Va., with his brother-in-law Jeremiah 
Earley, the Kirtleys, Blackburns etc., and came as pioneer 
to this county. There had been a settlement made at 
Germana, the name now changed to Wilderness, by Post 
office Department, by Gov. Spotswood in 1714." 

"Orange, Culpeper and Madison Counties were all then 
Culpeper County." See Buford Book, page 24. 



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February 5, 1733, John Kirkley (Kirtlet) of St. Mark's 
Parish, Spotsylvania County, lease to John Garth . . . 
a tract of land in Spotsylvania Co. . . . "on the 
Feast of St. ]Michael one Fatt Hen, Capon or Pullet," etc. 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1, Spotsylvania, 1721-1800," 
page 128. 

"Kentucky Land Warrants, Book No. 3, pages 23-25. 
Original County Lincoln, No. of Acres, 500, 500, 400. 
Date of Survey, 1779. Date of Patent 1784. Name of 
Patentee William Kirtly. Description: Consideration of 
Part of a Preemption Treasury Warrent. 

Signed Benjamin Harrison, 
Governor the Commonwealth of Va." 
(Exact copy). Ed. 

Culpeper, Va., Countv Clerk's Office. 

"Book Q 1790-1792,'"' pages 514, 517: 

Deed from William Kirtley, dated Eleaventh day of Feb- 
ruary, 1792, between William Kirtley Senior and Sarah 
his wife, of Culpeper County, and State of Virginia, do 
give bargain and sell to . . . Jeremiah Kirtley 160 
acres of land in the county of Culpeper ... on a 
line with William Kirtley's Pattent Line this etc., . . . 

Signed William Kirtley, 
Witnesses : her 

Merry Walker, Sarah X Kirtley. 

Francis Kirtley, mark 

John Leatherer, 

Clairborne Wills. 

Teste, John Jameson Clerk. 

Probated in Court held in Culpeper Co., Va., 16th dav 
of April 1792. 

At Va. State Library, Richmond, Va., page 101, "Revo- 
lutionary Soldiers, Vol. V": 

James Kirtlev, soldier, under Major Slaughter. May 
31, 1783. Received 51£ Is. 4d. 









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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Page 102: [ 

James Kirtlev soldier under Mr. or Wm. Strother Dec. ' 

15, 1783. Received 43£. '■. 

Page 102: | 

James Kirtley Sergeant under Mr. Strother June 30. v 

1784 received 57 £. I 
"Tames Kirtlev (Va.), 1st Lieut. Sth Virginia, 1776. 

Discharged June' 10, 1777." I 

Kentuckv Land Warrants, "Book 8," page 172, at Capi- j- 

tol, Frankfort. Ky.: | 

"Deed for 300 acres in Fayette Co., Kentucky, to Fran- s 

cis Kirtley." % 

"Book 15," page 250, at Capitol, Frankfort, Ky. Deed I 

from James Garrard Fsr[., Gov. of Kentucky, 1783, 7th | 

day of April, for 1786^2 acres to Wm. Kirtley, surveyed f 

for him Sept. 4, 1798, in Lincoln Co., Kv. | 

"Book 2," page 172, at Capitol, Frankfort, Ky.:* | 

Deed to Francis Kirtley, from Christopher Greenup, I 

Esq., Gov. of Ky., Treasury Warrant dated Feb. 16, 1780. -, 

1200 a. Survey dated March 13th day 1784. Co. of I 

Fayette, Kentucky. i 

"At Countv Clerk's Office, Culpeper Court House, page | 

59. "DeedB^Q. 1790-1792." | 

"Indenture from Elijah Kirtlev and Frances Kirtley his ! 

wife dated 14th of January 179l', 396 a, for 500£. ' ^ 

Wit. Signed Elijah Kirtley, - | 

Thos. Handley. her : 

Fr_ances X Kirtley. ■ 

Recorded January 19, 1791. mark j 

John Jameson Clerk. I 

"Wm. and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 6," page 110: | 

"Mary P. Thornton, daughter of George and Margaret ; 

Stanley Thornton, married Willis Kirtley. j 

*I was at Frankfort, Kentucky, and made these E.xcerpts, June 18. J 

1906. Ed. I 



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KiRTLEY Family 



Mary P. Thornton Kirtley was born Sept. 20, 1781. 
"These Kirtleys removed to Kentucky." 

There is more here if desired about the ifamily of 
Thorntons. Ed. 



County Clerk's Office, Culpeper County, Virginia. 

"Marriage Records No. 1," page 20. 

Married by Reuben Finnell, Sept. 11, 1804. Pleasant 
Kirtley and Thomas Barnes. 

Page 21: 

Married by Rev. Wm. iMason, Aug. 13, 1805. William 
Kirtley and Sarah Lewis. 

"Marriage Record Book at County Clerk's Office, 
Greensburg, Green Co., Ky., page 82: 

"Elijah Kirtley married Lucinda Cook, Feb. 7th, 1811." 

"Marriage Records," page 129, same reference as 
above : 

"Benjamin H. Kirtley married Lucinda Wood Dec. 27, 
1832." 



"Deed Book, No. 6," page 258, at County Clerk's Office, 
Greensburg, Ky. : 

"I, William Kirtley of Green Co. Ky. appoint Lewis 
Kirtley of Green County to be my lawful Attorney to 
settle, receive, comm.ence suit, or suits, against William 
Lewis and Joseph Roberts of Culpeper County, and State 
of Va., who was formerly the Guardian of Sallie Lewis 
and who is now my Lawful wife, etc., etc. 

Witness my hand and seal, Jan. 27, 1812. 

Wm. Kirtley." 



At County Clerk's Office, Greensburg, Green Co., Ken- 
tucky. 



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Gene^log\, wiiH Brief Sketches 



"Marriage Records," page 88: 

"Lucy Ann Kirtlev married Wm. Hobson, March 
25th, 1814." 

"Book 6," pasje 246, County Clerk's Office, Greensburg, j 

Ky. Dated July 13, 1811. ' '■ 

Indenture from James Kirtlev and Sarah Kirtley his | 
wife received $200.00 for 100 acres of land. 

Signed by J.A.MES Kirtley, • 

her I 

Proved July 22, 1811. S.\rah X Kirtley. ^ 

mark f 

i 

"Deed Book No. 8," page 95, County Clerk's Office, \ 

Greensburg, Ky. : \ 

Indenture; dated July 9th, 1817. Bet^veen Pleasant f 

Kirtley and Thomasin Kirtley his wife for $1300.00. They ; 

sell to Moses Quisenberrj 158^4 acres. \ 

Signed Pleasant Kirtley, | 

' . ' her ' 

Thomisin X Kirtley. | 

Test, to Aug. 25, 1817. mark j 

I 

"Deed Book Xo. 6," page 504, County Clerk's Office, { 

Greensburg, Ky.: I 

"Elijah Kirtley. Indenture to buys j 

86^ acres in Green County Ky., Feb. 11th, 1814." ; 

"Deed Book X"o. 6," page 304: ? 

Indenture to . . . Dated Jan. 19, 1813. Jonathan i 

Kirtley for 1575 acres in Green County, Ky. (Jonathan '_ 

Kirtley buys this. Ed.) i 



"Deed Book X'o. 6," page 407: . ? 

"I, Jonathan Kirtley, of Green Co., Ky. appoint Silas | 

Burks as my attorney for the purpose of collecting from • 

340 f 



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KiRTLEY Fa:mily 



Uriah Anderson of Orange Co. Va. all or any sum of 
money or property due me in right of my wife. Theodosia 
Kirtley." Dated March 13, 1S13. 

"Deed Book No. 7," page 454, at County Clerk's Office, 
Greensburg, Ky. : 

"Indenture to Pleasant Kirtley, dated Sept. 10, 1813, 
for $425.00. He buys 425 acres." 

"Deed Book No. 7," page 455: 

"Pleasant Kirtley, of Green Co., Ky., sells 425 acres." 
Dated Aug. 29, 1816. 



"Deed Book No. 7," page 459. Dated March 15, 1817: 
"Indenture, Robert Clark and Jonathan Kirtley's estate, 
Green Co., Ky." 

In 1812, "Wm. Kirtley is married to Sallie Lewis." 
1813. "Jonathan Kirtley is married to Theodosia 



1811. "James Kirtley is married to Sarah . 

See Deeds. 

1817. "Pleasant Kirtley is married to Thomasin 



1811. "Elijah Kirtley is married to Lucinda Cook. 
1832. "Benjamin Kirtley is married to Lucinda Wood. 
"Polly Kirtly is married to John Wood. 
"Lucy Ann Kirtly is married to Wm. Hodson. 
"Elizabeth Kirtley is married to Belfield Henry. 
"Wm. Kirtley is married, 2nd, to Willis." 

At County Clerk's Office, Greensburg, Green County, 
Ky. "Deed Book 8": 

"Articles of Agreement entered into between the heirs of 
Thomas Kirtley, deceased, and the widow of said Kirtley, 
of Green Co., Kentucky." 















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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

This is signed by all the heirs of Thos. Kirtley, dec'd, 

except Polly Wood (formerly Polly Kirtley) and John ; 
Wood her husband. 

Dated Feb. 16, 1818. her ' 
Signed by the widow Judith X Kirtley. 

mark f 

Wm. Hobson, Wm. Kirtley, W^m. Herndon, t 

Elijah Kirtley, Geo. Wilson, Geo. Miller, ' 

Belfield Henry. I 

Aug. Barrett, Clerk of the Court, Green Co. certifies to i 

this agreement May 25, 1818. f 

J 

Thomas Kirtley married Judith. Had four children: i 

1. Lucy Ann. i\Iarried Wm. Hobson. Had grand- j 
daughter. Mrs. Penick. s 

2. Matilda Kirtley. Married Miller. ^ 

3. Elizabeth Kirtley. Married Belfield Henry. 

4. Wm. Kirtley. ^sfarried Willis. Had: 1. • 

Edward Kirtley. 2. W^illiam Kirtley. "*" 3. Jennie Kirtley. l 

County Clerk's Office, Campbellsville, Taylor County, ^ 

Kentucky. ;t 

Will of Wm. Kirtley, County of Taylor, State of Ken- I 

tucky. Dated 27th day of Jan'y 1853^. j 

Wife Mary,t sons Jeft'erson, Benjamin H., Milton, Bel- | 

field, Elijah, Elmira, Jarboe, Louisa Bush, Elizabeth mar- | 

ried G. W. Buchanan, Wm. married Miss Willis, Edmond I 

H. Kirtley. Signed Wm. Kirtley. * 

Probated 7th of May 1860. i 

P. 203, "A Genealogy of the Buford Family in America," ; 

by Marcus Bainbridge Buford: i 

Kirtley ■ '. ■ , 

1st Gen. — Francis Kirtley, known in Culpeper Co., 
Va., as Sir Francis, was the progenitor of the Kirtleys in \ 

*William Kirtlev, son of Wm. Kirtley married Sally Lewis, before ] 

i8i2. I 

tThe wife's name was Mary Spencer. Ed. ! 

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KiRTLEY Family 



America, and they have faithfully perpetuated his name, 
both men and women. He had : 

2nd Gen. — William Kirtley, son of Sir Francis Kirtley. 

Married , and had* Margaret, Francis, married 

Frances Buford, and another son. 

3rd Gen. — ^Margaret, daughter of Wm. Kirtley, married 
Simeon Buford, Sr. 

3rd Gen. — Francis, son of Wm. Kirtley, married Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Wm. and Ann Walker of Culpeper Co., 
Va., and had; 

4th Gen. — Frances Kirtley. Married Wm. Buford. 

4th Gen. — Polly Kirtley. Married Geo. Rogers. 

4th Gen.— Elizabeth Kirtley. 

4th Gen. — Nancy Kirtley. Married Ambrose Buford. 

4th Gen. — Jannetta Kirtley. Married James ISIiller. 

4th Gen. — Mildred Kirtley. Married John Merrill. 

4th Gen.- — Harriet Kirtley. Married Ishan Hender- 
son, of St. Louis, Mo. 

4th Gen. — Sinclair Kirtley. - ' ^ - 

4th Gen. — John H. Kirtley. ■ • '■ '' ^ 

4th Gen. — Sinclair Kirtley. Married Mary Ann 
Brackenridge. They had: 

5th Gen.— Edwin Ryland Kirtley. Died 1875 in Colo- 
rado. 

5th Gen. — Mary Simpson Kirtley. ■Married Reverend 
Joseph M. Turner. She is a widcw and lives in Denver, 
Col. 

5th Gen.— Eliza Rvland Kirtley. iJ.Iarried 1857 J. C. 
Royle. 

5th Gen.— Rebecca Todd Kirtley. Married R. G. 
Anderson, of Salt Lake City. 

5th Gen. — Frances Kirtley. !\Iarried Joseph A. 
Thatcher, of Denver, Col. 

4th Gen. — John H. Kirtley, son of Francis and Eliza- 
beth W. Kirtley. married and had: 

5th Gen. — Xancy Kirtley. 

5th Gen. — Mrs. Roberts. 

5th Gen. — Susan Kirtley. ^Married Joel Henry. Had: 

♦Margaret was our ancestress. Ed. 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

6th Gen. — Thoraason Henry. Married Benj. Gray. Had: i 

7th Gen. — Agnes Gray. \ 

7th Gen. — Mary Gray. i 

7th Gen. — Thomason Gray. ? 

c. 7th Gen.— Joel Gray. • ■-' - '' \ [ 

7th Gen.— Ella Gray. j 

,, "Genealogy of the Buford Family in America," p. 197: \ 

2nd Gen. — Francis Kirtley. Married Frances Buford j 

daughter of John and Judith Buford, of Broomfield Parish, | 

Culpeper County, \'a. They had: » 

I. 3rd Gen.— Elijah Kirtley. f 

3rd Gen. — Edwin Kirtley. i 

3rd Gen. — Nancy Kirtley. f 

(More here if desired. Ed.) I 



"Culpeper County, Virginia, Part 2," p. 86, Green: 

Kirtley married Martha Booton, daughter of 



Wm. and Fannie Hill Booton, and granddaughter of Miss 

Towles and Russell Hill (born 1716), and great-grand- \ 

daughter of Wm. Hill (born 16S4) and his wife, Frances s 
Needles Hill, and great-great-granddaughter of Thomas 

and Anne (died 1726) Hill, and great-great-great-grand- ? 

daughter of Wm. Hill, who died in Middlesex County, Va. | 

Feb. 12, 1669. I 

Wm. Hill (Middlesex Co., Va.) died 1669. Had » 

Thomas Hill, married Anne died 1726. Had Wm. | 

Hill, born 1684, married Francis Needles. Had Russell * 
Hill, born 1716, married Miss Towles. Had Fannie Hill, i 
married Wm. Booton. Had Martha Booton, married '; 
Kirtley. ; 



"Wm. and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 11," p. 281: 
"1773 — Jeremiah Kirtley married Mary Robinson." 
"Early Marriages in Bedford Co., Va." 

"Heitman's Historical Register," p. 252: 
"James Kirtley (Va.), 1st Lieutenant 8th Va. — 1776 — 
discharged 10th of June, 1777." 



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KiRTLEY Family 



County Clerk's Office, Glasgow, Barren Co., Ky. 
April 19, 1824. Inventory for Estate of John Kirtley, 
deceased — Barren Co., Ky. "Book 2," p. 306. 

"Genealogy of the Buford Family in America,'' p. 205 : 

"A. Kirtley married, about 1805, Polly, daughter of 
Leonard Barnes, of Culpeper County, Va. 

"A. Francis Kirtley, 1762-63, had two daughters, who 
married Cowherd and Collins. 

"Martha Hill married a Kirtley, of Culpeper Countv, 
Va." _ . 

VERY EARLY NAMES 

THAT MAY BELONG TO THE 

"KIRTLEYS" 

"Lists of Emigrants to America, Hotten," p. 235: 

"James Citty, Phillip Kithly* in the 'Futherance ' 
1622." 

P. 480: 

"Ano 1680. Inhabitants of Christ Church Parrish 22d 
of Dec. 1679. *Phillipp Kirton dec'd. 360 acres of land 
9 white servants 130 Negroes." 

"Hening's Statutes at Large," Vol. 1, p. 84: 
"to the adventurers and Planters of the City of London 
for the first colony of Va. 

"Josias Kirton, Gentleman, May 23rd, 1609." 

P. 86 (same as above) : 

"Thomas Ketley." 

P. 87 (same as above) : - 

"John Kettleby, gentleman." 

"Wm. and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. X," p. 92: 
"March 1674-5. Paper signed and sealed in presence 
of Vs.** . . . Flra. Kirkman." 

*I think these two facts are very interesting, as this may be the early 
progenitor of the "Kirtleys" in America. 
**Us. 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Hening's Statutes at Large, Vol. 2," p. 559: ; 

In Sir Wm. Berkeley's will, dated 2d. of May, 1676, \ 
occurs the following : 

"Lastly, in contemplation of the friendship and kind- 
nesse of Ivlrs. Sarah Kirlcman, that I may be remembered 

of so virtuous a good woman, I give her tenn pounds to , 

buy her a ring." i 

Kentucky counties formed as follows : \ 

Fayette Co. formed 1780. * 

Jefferson Co. formed 1780. | 

Lincoln Co. formed 1780. j 

Woodford Co. formed 1788. | 

Greene Co. formed 1792. I 

Adair Co. formed 1801. f 

Cumberland Co. formed 1798 from Greene. . | 

"Green County, Kentucky, was formed in 1792. Greens- ^ 

burg is the county seat and was established in 1794 on the j 

North bank of Green River ninety miles from Frankfort. , 

"Haskinsville is in the Southeastern part of the county. » 

It is a Post Oflice and a small place." ; 

"Collins' History of Kentucky," Vol. II, p. 294. | 






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THE ANCIENT CLOISTERS OF NOTRE DAME, LE PUV, FRANCE 



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"EARLEY" R\MILY 

"Rappahannock Co., Va. Wills" : 

"Thomas Goose, 27 Sept. 16S0.— 3 May, 1682. George 
Eale, William Eale, Jr.. Charity Eale, the children of 
Bridget Eale, she being my Executrix. Witnesses, Richard 
Glover, Mary Glover, Henrv Clark, Thomas Lewis." 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6,'" p. 215. 

Early 

"Genealogy of the Buford Family in America," p. 263 : 

1st Gen. — Thomas Early married Elizabeth . 

Died July 6, 1716. Had son: 

2nd Gen. — Jeremiah Early, Sr. Born December. 1705. 
Married October 16, 1728 Elizabeth Buford, daughter of 
Thomas Buford, Jr., and his wife, Elizabeth Buford of 
Middlesex County, Va. Will dated January 16, 1786. 
Jeremiah Earlv, Sr., and his wife Elizabeth Buford Early, 
had: 

3rd Gen., 1st child— John Early, born July 3, 1729. 

3rd Gen., 2nd child — Jeremiah Early, Jr., born 1730. 

3rd Gen., 3rd child — Jacobus Early. 

3rd Gen., 4th child — Joel Early. Married Lucy Smith 
1772. Born June 13, 1738. 

3rd Gen., 5th child — Joshua Early. 

3rd Gen. — Sarah Early. Married William Kirtley and 
had Elijah and Jeremiah Kirtley. 

3rd Gen. — Joseph Early. Married Jane . 

Died (before 1786). Had sons: 

4th Gen.— Whitefield Early. 

4th Gen. — Joseph Early. 

4th Gen.— William Early. 

3rd Gen. — Ann Early. Married Rogers. 

3rd Gen. — Hannah Early. Married Scott. 

Jacobus Earley married Elizabeth Robinson 1767. 

Colonel Jeremiah Earley, Jr. Born 1730. Died before 

1786. Married, 1st, Sarah . Married, 2nd, Mary 

Stith 1773. No issue. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Colonel Earley was in the French and Indian War and 
was Colonel in the Revolutionary War. 
"Buford Family in America," p. 263. 

, (More here if desired. Ed.) 

"Buford Family in America," p. 263: 

Colonel Jeremiah Earley Jr. Born 1730. Married 1st, 

Sarah '- — . Married 2nd, Mary Stith, Dec. 23, 1773. 

No issue. Jeremiah and Sarah had: 

I. Jacob Earley. Born 1750. Married Elizabeth Robe- 
son March IS, 1769. 

II. Judith Earley. Born 1752. Married 1st John 
Pate and had son, John Pate. Married 2nd, Charles Cal- 
loway and had eleven children. 

III. Jeremiah Earley. Born 1754. 

IV. Joseph Earley. Born 1756. 

V. John Earley. Born 1757. 
VI." Elizabeth Earlev. Born 1759. 

VII. Jenny Earley. Born 1761. 
VIL Jeffry Earley. Born 1762. 

VIII. Jubal Earley. Born 1764. Had son Colonel 
Joab Early. 

IX. Sarah Earley. Born 1766. Married Wm. Ander- 
son. 

X. Abner Earley. Born 1768. 

"Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Va.," 
p. 85: 

"Burialls. Elizabeth Earley dyed July ye 6. and was 
buried July ye 8. 1716." 

P. 67: "Jeremiah ye son of Thomas Early and Eliza- 
beth his wife was Bap. Dec. Ye 9th. 1705." 

"Reg. of Christ Church. Middlesex Co. Va. " p. 166: 
"Jeremiah Earley and Elizabeth Buford married 

October ye 16. 1728." 

See also p. 263, "Beauford Family in America." 

P. 126: "John, Son of Jeremiah & Elizabeth Earley, 

bom July ye 3. Bap. July ye 17. 1729." 



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Earley FA:sriLY 



Copied at Culpeper Co., Virginia, Clerk's Office. "Wills 
C, 17S5-1 791," page 223. 

Will of Jeremiah Early, dated Jan'y 16th, 1786, Cul- 
peper Co., Va. 

To the lawful heir of my son Jeremiah Early dec'd 5£ 

. . . to daughter Sarah Kirtley four negroes. . . . 

to son Joshua Early ... to grandson Paschal Early 

. lend to daughter in law Jane Early tract of land 

. to Whitefield and Joseph Early sons of my son 

Joseph dec'd, the land lent to Jane Early ... To 

William Early one of the issue of Joseph Early dec'd, . . . 

To son Jacob Early ... To daughter Ann Rogers 

. To daughter Hannah Scott ... to son Joel 

Early . . . 

Executor Joel Early &: in case of his death grandsons 
Elijah & Jeremiah Kirtley, 

his 
jEREiiiAH ^ Early. 
mark 
P. 225 W^itness . . . Joel Harvey, 
Probated at Culpeper Co. Court, Feb. 19, 1787. 

"Wm. and Mary College Quarterly Vol. 10" p. 141 : 
"At a Court held for Bedford County, Va. Nov. 27, 1758. 
"Present . . . Jeremiah Early. "Gentlemen Jus- 
tices," 

"Hening's Statutes at Large, Vol. 7," p. 207: 

"September 1758, To Jeremiah Early ... 4s. 
To the ^Militia of the Co. of Bedford," 

"Virginia Historical Collection, Vol IV" p. 109: 

"Wm. Callaway . . . in 1761 . . . "gave 100 

a. in Bedford Co. adjourning the court-house for the estab- 

lisbment of a town to be called New London. The trustees 

named were . . . Jeremiah Early . . . Gentleman, &c." 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Hening's Statutes at Large, Vol. 7." p. 475, "1756- i 

1763.": ;; 

"V. And whereas it is necessary that trustees should be 
appointed for the said towns hereby erected, Be it furtlier 

enacted . . . That . . . Wm. [Meade ... i 

and Jeremiah Early . . . gentlemen for the said town > 

of New London, in the County of Bedford;"' \ 

(There is more here about the duties of a To^^•n Trustee.) \ 

\ 

"Calendar of State Papers, Vol. 1," p. 265: S 

"Justices for Bedford Co., Va. . . . Jeremiah j 

Early,* in council. Nov. 8th. 1770." | 

"Hening's Statutes at Large, Vol. 10." p. 109: | 

"Jeremiah Early gent ...&... is to | 

sell the Glebe Lands of Russell parish, . . . Bedford | 

Co., Va. May 1779." | 



Page 67, "Virginia Colonial ISIilitia" bv Wm. A. Crozier, | 

F. R. S.: [ i 

"Bedford County, September 1758. Lieutenants, ... f 

Jeremiah Earley," \ 

Also Page 68: "Bedford County, Sep. 1758 Sergeants | 

. . Jeremiah Early." I 

See "Hening's Statutes at Large Vol. VII" p. 210. f 
"To Jeremiah Earlev, lieutenant, 8£. 2s. The militia of 

the County of Bedford" (Va.) | 

P. 211: "Jeremiah Early for Provisions 71. 17s. 3d." I 

i 

"Virginia Colonial Militia" p. 67. by Wm. A. Crozier: ; 

"Bedford Countv, September 1758. Lieutenants ... | 

Jeremiah Earley" t 

♦"Jeremiah Earley is qualified for the Dames as a Commissioned Offirer ^ 

actually in service in the field in a Colonial War. The act in 'Hcning'^. t 

Vol. 7,' p. 20, is one for paying officers and soldiers of the militia who J 

were^ actually in service. .See the clause, stating the purpose of the , 

Act." From Cor. .S'ec. and Librarian. Va. His. So.. Richmond, Va. Ed. z 

One's Ancestor, in Virginia for the Colonial Dames, must be a com- ; 
manding OiTicer, such as Ensign, Captain, Lieutenant, or Burgess. A 
Sergeant will not do. Ed. 



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As service for the "Colonial Dames" of Jeremiah Earley 

we take the following from "Hening's Statutes at Large, 

Virginia," pp. 207-210-211 and 475. 

"To Jeremiah Early (Earley), September, 1758, 4s." 
"To Jeremiah Earley, lieutenant, 8£ 2s. September, 

1758." 
"To Jeremiah Early, lieutenant, S£ lis. for provisions, 

7£17s. 3d. September, 1758." 

P. 475. Another honor given him was the following: 
"In appointing trustees for the town of New London, 

County of Bedford, Virginia, Jeremiah Early, Gentleman, 

is appointed. November, 1761." 

"Hening's Statutes at Large " p. 67 : 

"Bedford County, Va. September 1758. Lieutenant 
Jeremiah Earley." 

"Sargeant Jeremiah Earley — " 

So we see in 1758 the two Jeremiah Earley's each held 
office, one as Lieutenant, the other as Sargeant. 



Probated (Feb'y 19. 1789.) 

Copy of Will of Jeremiah Early 

I, Jeremiah Early of Culpeper County, State of Virginia 
being in sound sense and mind do hereby make and ordain 
this my last will and testaments in the names and forms 
following viz. 

I give and bequeath to the lawful heirs of my son Jere- 
miah Early Deceased. 

Five pounds sterling to the same and heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah Kirtley 
now in my estate four negroes, named Will, Dina, 
Patrick and Ben, with an addition of one part of 
my stock and household furniture to her and heirs 
forever. 






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Item. I give and bequeath to ray son Joshua Early one 1 

ninth part of my stock and household furniture to ! 

him and heirs forever. t 

Item. I gave and bequeath to my grandson Paschal Early \ 

one negro wench (now in my estate) name Ross with | 

her child Roger to him and heirs forever. | 

Item. I lend to my daughter in law Jane Early all the 1 

tract of land I bought of Michael Holt on which ] 

she now lives during her widowhood and noe longer. | 

Item. I give and bequeath to my grandsons Whitfield and I 

Joseph Early (Sons of ray Son Joseph deceased) all | 

the tract of land above lent to Jane Early their * 

Mother, be the same and heirs forever. | 

Item. My will is that the issue of my son Joseph Early | 

have part of the tract of land on which I live, lying ? 

on the South West side of the Rapidan River below a j 

line from the rock stone at the lower ford of the River : 

■1. running directly to the south corner of a survey I j 

made on Guys and in order for the said issue each to i 

have an equal part therein. \ 

I hereby direct and empower my executive after due 5 

notice and one years credit to sell the said tract of ' 

■- land to the highest order can give approved security ; 

occupying the proceeds of said sale at interest until ? 

- William Early one of the said issues arrives to ' 

twenty one years old, then the same with its interest • 

is to be equally divided amongst the said issue of ; 

Joseph Early deceased and to them and their heirs { 

forever. i 

Item. In case any of the issue of my son Joseph deceased ' 

should die childless, in that case, I will that all the '; 

surviving of the same be coe-heirs in all the prop- 
erty hereunto to them or either of them deceased. j 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Jacob Early all the \ 

negroes, storck and furniture that I have put into 
his possession heretofore, with an addition of one 
ninth part of my stock to him and his heirs forever. 



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Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Ann Rogers 
one negro boy now in my possession, named Deniss, 
with an addition of one ninth part of my stock and 
house-hold furniture to her and heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath daughter Hannah Scott all the 
negroes stock and household furniture, that I for- 
merly put into her possession, with an addition of 
one ninth part of ray stock to her and heirs forever. 

Item. I give and bequeath to my son Joel Early my manor 
house and all the land adjoing or that I own not 
hereinbefore devised, also iive negors now in my 
estate named, Old Patrich, Old Moll, IMorris, Bet 
and Sawney, also all the negros stock and other 
property in his possession, together with every part 
of my estate not hereinbefore devised, including Jy 
still and its appurtenances they and all of them 
their increase and etc to him and his heirs forever. 

Item. In order for equality to take place in a division of 
my stock and etc consistent with this will, I hereby 
direct executors to sell the same for ready money 
and divide the proceeds according to will. 

Lastly, I hereby make, appoint and ordain my son Joel 
Early executor of this my last will and testament, and in 
rase my said son Joel Early should rendered incapable of 
executing the same by death or otherwise I hereby in that 
case appoint my grandsons Elijah and Jeremiah to supply 
the vacancy. Revoking all other wills heretofore by me 
made. I hereunto set my hand and seal 16th day of January 

1786. ,. 

his 

Jeremiah X Early (ss) 

mark 

Signed and acknowledged in the presence of John 

Spaldin, Joel Harvey, Abigate Harriss. 

At a Court held for Culpeper County February 19th, 

1787. This last will and testament of Jeremiah Early 
deceased was exhibited to the Court by Joel Early the execu- 

355 



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Gene.'Vlogy, with Brief Sketches 

tor therein named and was proved by the oaths of John , 
Spaldin and Joel Harvey two of the witnesses thereto and 

ordered to be recorded, and on motion of tlae said executor ■■ 

certificate is granted for obtaining a probat thereof in due ' 

form, he having made oath thereto and given bond and l 

security according to law. ] 

Teste, John Jameson Clerk. i 

This to certify that the above is a true and exact copy ? 

of the will of Jeremiah Early as recorded in the Clerk's I 

Office of the Circuit Court of Culpeper County Virginia, in ^ 

will book C at page 223. | 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this Sth. day of l 

April, 1908. S. N. Pace Notary Public. { 

Commission expires Nov. 8, 1911. | 

I 

I 

Copy of Deed From WiLLiAii Kirtley Sr., { 

AND Sarah His Wii^e. I 

TO I 

Jeremiah Kirtley f 

THIS INDENTURE made this 1 1th., day of February | 

1792 between William Kirtley Sr., and Sarah his wife of | 

the County of Culpeper and State of Virginia, of the one i 

part and Jeremiah Kirtley of the County and State afore- i 

said of the other part. I 

WITNESSETH: That the said William Kirtley for | 

and in consideration of the sum of three hundred pounds, ; 

current money of Virginia to him in hand paid before the \ 

sealing and delivering of these presents, the receipt hereof | 

he doath hereby acknowledge hath given, granted, bar- | 

gained and sold aleined, released and confirmed, and by | 

these presents doath give, grant, bargain and sell, alein, \ 

release and confirm unto the said Jeremiah Kirtley his heirs j 

and assigns forever a certain tract or parcel of land, con- | 

taining by estimation 160 acres, be the same more or less, I 

situated lying and being in the County of Culpeper and i 
lying on the \\^est side of the Stanton River a branch of the 

856 






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Earley Family 



Rappihannock River and is bounded as follows, to-wit: 
Beginning at four white oaks and on red oak a corner of 
the aforesaid William Kirtley's Sr and John Delaney Sr, 
standing in William Kirtley's pattent line. This corner 
stands near a main road and in a agg, and running thence 
with the said William Kirtley's Patent line to another cor- 
ner of the said William Kirtley Sr., and the said John 
Dealney Sr., standing in the aforesaid patent line and close 
to Dealaney's fence, and running thence with Francis Kirt- 
ley's line and binding on the same to one popplar and one 
red oak corner standing on the west bank of the aforesaid 
Stanton River and at the mouth of Gaths Run, thence run- 
ning down the several courses of the aforesaid Stanton 
River to two maples and two sycamore trees as corner stand- 
ing on the west bank of the aforesaid Stanton River and 
about fifty or sixty yards below the mouth of Farrows run, 
and running thence a straight line to the iirst mentioned 
beginning together with all ways, waters and water courses, 
rents, profits and advantages whatsoever, to have and to 
hold the aforesaid land and premises unto the said Jeremiah 
Kirtley his heirs and assigns forever to the only use and 
behoof of him the said Jeremiah Kirtley his heirs and 
assigns forever, and the said William Kirtley Sr., and 
Sarah his wife doath further covenant and agree to and 
with the said Jeremiah Kirtley that the said William Kirtley 
is seised of and indefectible estate in fee simple in the afore- 
said land and premises, freed from all mortgages and all 
other incumbrance whatsoever, and that he has good right 
and full power and lawful authority, to sell and convey 
the same in manner and form as the same is herein and 
hereby sold and conveyed to him the said Jeremiah Kirtley 
his heirs and assigns forever and the said William Kirtley 
Sr., and Sarah his wife doath hereby oblige themselves and 
their heirs to warrant and defend the right and title of the 
aforesaid lands and premises unto the said Jeremiah Kirt- 
ley his heirs and assigns forever against the claim or claims 
of all person or persons whatsoever and lastly the said 
William Kirtley Sr., and Sarah his wife doath further cove- 
nant and agree to and with the said Jeremiah his heirs and 

357 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

assigns that they the said William Kirtley and Sarah his 

wife and their heirs shall and will from time to time and at ? 

all time when thereunto required by the said Jeremiah Kirt- '■, 

ley his heirs or assigns, make due and execute or cause to ] 
be made, done and executed all such further and other deed 

or deeds, conveyance or conveyances as by him the said \ 

Jeremiah Kirtley his heirs or assigns or by his, her or their \ 

councell learned in the law shall be desired, advised or v 

requested. 1 

In witness hereof the said William Kirtley and Sarah his j 

wife hath hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the j 

day and date first above written. her \ 

William Kirtley (ss) Sarah X Kirtley | 

mark s 

Signed, Sealed and delivered in the presence of Merry I 

Walker, Francis Kirtley, John Leatherer and Clanborne > 

Wills. f 

\ 

At a Court held for Culpeper County the 16th., day of i 

April 1792 this indenture of bargain and sale from William \ 

Kirtley and Sarah his wife to Jeremiah Kirtley was proved ? 

by the oaths of Merry Walker, Francis Kirtley and John | 

Leatherer, three of the witnesses thereto, and ordered to be ( 

recorded on the motion of the Jeremiah K., it is ordered that j 

a dedimus issue to take the privy examination of the said » 

Sarah which when returned into Court together with a cer- ; 

tificate thereon is also ordered to be recorded. Clerk. ' 

This is to certify that the above is an exact and true copy [ 

of a certain deed as the same is recorded in the Clerk's | 
Office of Culpeper County in deed book Q at page 514 ; from 

William Kirtley Sr., and Sarah his wife to Jeremiah Kirtley, f 

dated on the 11th., day of February 1792. ; 

Given under my hand and notarial seal this 8th. day of \ 

April 1908. S. N. Pace Notary Public. \ 



At Court House, Culpeper, Va. "Wills C, 1785-1791. 
p. 34. Joseph Farley's of Culpeper Co. Va. Will. Dated 



12th day of February 1780. j 



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Wife Jane Earley, my 6 children Julianer, Paschal, 
Mary, William, Whitefield, Joseph, all my lands in Ken- 
tucky to be equally divided when my son Whitefield shall 
come of age. Signed Jos. Early 

Witnesses Thomas Spolden, Margaret X Moyer. 

Probated at a Court held in Culpeper Co. 20th day of 
October 1783. 

Inventory made November 10th 1783. 24 Negroes, 1 
grindstone, 8 P^ather Beds, 2 women, & 4 men's saddles, 
1 Ox Waggon, 54 Heads of Hogs, 1 Brass Kittle, 
sum Total £1845. 4s. Od. Signer Henry Gaines. 

Rec'orded Nov. 17. 1783. p. 36. 

"Green's Culpeper Co. Va. Part 2." p. 48 

Will of "Joseph Early Dated Feb. 12. 1780. 

"To wife Jane, . . . children Juliana, Paschal, 
Mary, Wm., Whitefield, and son Joseph to whom he left 
his lands in the County of Kentucky, Rec. Oct. 20, 1783" 

Jane Early, wife. 

Children, Juliana, Paschal, Mary, Wm., Whitefield, 
Joseph. 

Land Bounty Certificate at Citv Hall, Richmond. Va. 

No. 966. Dated Henry Co. Apr. 27, 1780. 

Thomas Earley testifies that he served as Sarjeant under 
Captain Gist, in Colonel Byrd's Regiment in the year 1760. 
& that he has not received his bounty land agreeable to 
the King's Proclamation in the year 1763. (Oct. 7:) & 
that he was legally discharged by his Officer, which is 
ordered to be certified to the Register of the Land Office. 

The following Early's were in the Revolutionary War: 

"Joseph Early, mentioned in Saffell. 

"John Early, mentioned in Saffell. 

"James Early, Jacob Earley, John Ealy, Wm. Ealey, 
Thomas Ealey, Samuel Earl, William Earl." 

"Revolutionary Soldiers of Virginia." p. 149. 

"Henings Statutes at Large Vol. 7." p. 186: ! , 

"September 1758, To John Early lis." " '' 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Vol. 13." p. 193. 

"Oct. 1790. Trustees for clearing Roanoke River 
. . . Wm. Terry. John Early, Gent." 

"Vol. 13." p. 585: 

"Oct. 1792. John Early, Gent, helps in establishing 
the town of Wisenburgh . . ." 

"Vol. 13," p. 586: 

"Oct. 1792. Jubal Early, with others is authorized to 
help lay off the town of Germantown, Va." 

'■^ ;.; •• BIRTHS AND MARRIAGES • ' ' 

Hotten's "Lists of Emigrants to America" page 116: 

July 1635, to Va. in the Merchant's Hope, Richard 
Bulfell, 29 years. 

1st Gen.— Richard Buford. Born 1617 or 1618. Men- 
tioned 1635. Plad: 

2nd Gen.— John Blueford. Married April 11, 1662, 
Elizabeth Perrott. Had: 

3rd Gen.— Thomas Beauford Sr. Born 1663. Married 
about 1681, Mary . 

4th Gen.— Thomas Buford, Jr. Born 1682. Married 

Elizabeth before 1705 as she had a daughter 

Agatha Buford born in Lancaster Co., Va. 

Thomas Buford. Jr. Born 16P2, and his wife Elizabeth 
had' 

5th Gen.— Elizabeth Buford Born 1709. Married 
October 16 1728. Jeremiah Earley. 

Thomas Buford, son of Simeon and Margaret Kirtley 
Buford and Grand-son of William Kirtley and Sarah Early, 
and Great Grandson of Jeremiah Earley, Sr. Married in 
1822, Amanda Savage, in Barren Co., Kentucky. He lived 
in Barren Co. until 1836, when he moved to DemopoHs, 
Alabama, where he lived until 1848. They then moved to 
Mobile, Alabama, where Thomas Buford died in 1866. 
His wife Amanda Savage Buford died in 1855 in Mobile. 
Thomas married a second wife, no issue. 



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Thomas and Amanda Savage Buford had as third child, 

Simeon Buford. Born 1827. Married 1857, . Had 

Louise Buford. Born 1864. Married G. F. Early. Had 
3 children, all living. 

"Gen. of Buford Family in America," p. 262. 

"Wm. and Mary College Quarterly Vol. 10," p. 190. 

Anne Woodson' married William Early. 

Anne Woodson was daughter of John* W^oodson, of 
Southam Parish in Cumberland Co. Va. John was the 
son of Benjamin,^ son of Robert - son of John^ Woodson. 
John'* married 1731 Mary Miller, daughter of Wm. 
Miller of Lancaster Co. *186 

"Beauford Fam. in America" page 187. 

Mary Buford, dau. of John & Judith Beauford, mar. 
Capt. Wm. Chapman Sr. John & Judith Buford were of 
Blomfield Parish, Culpeper Co. Va. 

They had son Thomas Chapman mar. Elizabeth Early 

"Assembly, Session May 6. 1742." Frederick Co. Va. 
Samuel Earle. Also Session September 4, 1744, Session 
February 20, 1745, Session July 11, 1746, Session March 
30, 1747. , ^ . 

"Colonial Virginia Register," pp. 114-121. 

Deed dated 1746. "Records of Prince Wm. Co. Va" 
mentions "Sam Earle." 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 11." p. 286. 

"Henings Statutes at Large Vol 7." Va. p. 588: 

"New Ferries, November 1762. 3rd George IIL" 

"And from the land of Samuel Earle in the county of 
Frederick, over Shannando River to the land of the right 
honourable the lord Fairfax, in the said county." . . . 

"Therdosian Scott Earle, Daughter of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth, born November 14, 1754." 

"Overwharton Parish Register, Stafford Co. Va. 1720- 
1760. Boogher." p. 53. 

*l86 More here if desired of the Woodson family. Ed. 
361 






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i 

Page 54. Bettyz Earle, Daughter of Samuel and Eliza- • 

beth, born Sept. 6. 1756. | 

i 
"Some Early Marriages in Bedford Co. Va." j 

"Jacob Earlv, bachelor, & Elizabeth Robertson, spinster, ? 

1767" ' i 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 11." p. 281-2. \ 

"Sally Early and Wm. Anderson, Guardian Wm. Calla- \ 

way." 1783. f 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 8," p. 268. I 
Polly Early married Willis Bell, son of Charles and ' 
Sarah Carter Bell. They were married 1770-3. In 1792 j 
Charles and Sarah Carter Bell moved to 2vIason County, * 
Kentucky. f 
"Register of Overwharton Parish, Stafford Co., Va." \ 
"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 4," p. 60. \ 
"Orange Co. Va. June 23, 1772. Joel Early (mar.) j 
to Lucy Smith." I 
"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 6," p. 48. i 
Peter Early was born in Madison Co. Va. 20 June i 
1773, died in Greene Co.; Ga., 15 Aug. 1817. He was a 5 
member of Congress, and Governor of Ga. He had Thomas ; 
Early. j 
Peter Early married 1797 Anne Adams Smith daughter i 
of Francis and Lucy Wilkinson Smith. I 
Lucy Wilkinson Smith was born 1783, died 1823. ( 
More of this, if desired, in "Wm. & Mary College Quar- 
terly Vol. 6." p. 48. \ 
"Native Virginians who became Governors of other i 
States 1779-1865. | 
Peter Earlv, born Culpeper Co. Va. Governor of '■ 
Georgia 1813-15." "Va. His. Mag. Vol. 11," p. 80. 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly," p. 283. i 

For a fine address on General Jubal A. Early see "South- 
ern Historical Society Papers Vol. 23." 



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This might give something of this Gen. Early's ancestors. 
There is a little story here of Gen. Early, p. 297. 

For some of the families of Earlys one may consult to 
advantage the History of Albemarle County, Va., by Rev. 
Edgar Woods, p. 187. This resume of the Earlys com- 
mences \vith Joel Early, Executor of Jeremiah Early. 
******* 

James Early married Elizabeth . They had John, 

married twice, James, married Sarah Carr, Joab, toarried 
Elizabeth Thompson, William, Lucy, married James 
Simms, Theodosia, married George Stevens, and Elizabeth, 
married Thomas Chapman. 

John Early in 1822 bought nearly a thousand acres. 

. . From him the villi age of Earlysville derived its 
name. He married first Sarah, daughter of Richard Dur- 
rett. He married second Mrs. Margaret Allen Timberlake. 
He died 1833. 

His children were: 

Jarnes T. Early, Isaac Davis Early, Susan Early, Eliza- 
beth Early married Edward Ferneyhough, Amanda Early, 
married Joshua Jackson, Mildred Early, married Richard 
Wingfield, Thomas Early, Frances Early, Joseph Early, 
Jeremiah A. Early, and William Early. 

James Early, son of James, married Sarah Carr and 
among his children were: 
John F., 

Mary, married Thomas Durrett, 
Frances, married Isaac Davis. 

William Early mar. Sarah Graves, and had William 
L. Early and Thomas J. Early. 

Joab Early, son of James married Elizabeth Thomp- 
son and they had, William T. called Buck Early, James 
Early, of Greene Co., and Nathaniel Early, of Greene Co. 

The above Thomas J. Early married Caroline Wood, 
daughter of Elder Drury Wood. 



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EARLY "EARLYS" IN AMERICA 

I think these facts are very interesting, and if we had 
more data of these early members of the family, we would 
find that they all belong together. Ed. 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 10." p. 28. 

"Feby. 15, 1663, Charles City Co., Va. Patents for 
land, — John Stith and Samuel Earle 500 acres. An irregu- 
lar tract of land without the land of Captn Henry Perry, 
called Hening Creek, on p. 248 called Herring Creek or 
Brookland, on the north side of James River." 

"Lists of Emigrants to America" Hotten, p. 366. 

Tickets granted from the Barbados to London, Aprill 26. 
1679. 

John Earle, in the ship "Defyance." 

"Lists of Emigrants to America," Hotten, p. 473. Ano: 
1680. 

Names of the Inhabitants in ye Parrish of Christ Church, 
Va. 22 Dec. 1679. 

Thomas Earl, 12 acres of Land. 

"Lists of Emigrants to America" Hotten, p. 343. 

Masters — Capt. John Sutton. Robert Earle, 12 Mar. 
1685. 

This is in a sale of sixty seven rebells — 

"Lists of Emigrants to America" Hotten, p. 318. 

In a list of prisoners from Monmouth's Rebellion of 
1685 to be transported. — 

Robert Earle 24 yeres. 

"Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 5," p. 6. 

"ISIay 18, 1711. We sent to the Widow Early's at the 
mouth of Wicocons Creek to inquire . . . (about 2 
m. up the creek, see Vol. 4. p. 38) 

North Carolina "Earlys" 
"North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, 

Vol. l,"p. 119. 

"William Early and wife Elinor to John Beverly 100 a. 

on the Indian Path to Petty Shore, July 4, 1704." 

364 



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P. 143. "John Early, overseer of the road from Richard 
Booth's up to Maherring, about 1707." 

P. 101. "To John Early 516 a. on the West Side 
Chowan River, July 22, 1713." 

P. 102. "July '22, 1713, John Early and wife Mary 
above tract to Robert Evans" This, and the above from 
Register of Deeds for Chowan County, Edenton, North 
Carolina. 

"Vol. 2," p. 333. abstracts of Bertie Co. North Caro- 
lina Wills. 

"Will of James Early, Mch. 30. 1786, May term 17S6. 
Wife Grace eldest son Shadrach, son John, daughters 
Sarah and Christian Early, daus. Elizabeth Jenkins, 
I>avinia Mitchell, and Mary Baker, sons John and Shad- 
rach Exs. Test . . . Benj. Early. 

P. 333, Jan'y 29, 1798. Will of Shadrach Early, Wife 
Sally sons James & Thomas, daus. Lavinia and Nancy, 
Bro. John Early, Executor. 

Test, Wm. Morris, Sr. and Jno. Williford. 

"Earlys" in New Exgland 

French and Indian War, p. 236. 

"Five of the English known to have been killed were 
. . . Mary Earle of Northampton, Mass." 

"Aug. 24. 1676- To Francis Earle 0£ 10s. 02d." 

P. 75. Charles-Towne, Cr. Francis Earle 10s 2d. 
P. 374. 

"June 24, 1676. To Richard Earle 2£ OSs. OO.d. 197. 

"a List of Capt. Samuell Mossely's company taken at 
Dedham, (Mass) 9th. Day of Xber 1675: — . . . Frauncis 
Earle." P. 447. "Soldiers in King Philips War." Bodge. 



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"DU PUY" 

At Pams France. Guy Allard 

NOTICE OF SEVEN BRANCHES OF "DU PUYS" 

"Du Mas," 

"De Rochefort," 

"De Bellecombe," 

"Du Puy de IMurinais," 

"De Montbrun," 

"De la Jonchere" or "de Villefranche," and 

"De Condray." 

At Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France, April 21, 
1911. "Histoire Gcnealogique des Famillie de De Puy- 
Montbrun, par Guy Allard, a Grenoble, 1682," p. 4, 5,6,7: 

ArbRE GENE.A.LOGIQUE 

Premiere Branche. 

Raphael de Podio (qui est celle de Du Mas). 

II. GuyouHuRues 1096. 
. . . de Poisieu. 

. J 

III. Alleman I. 1115. Rodolphe, Remain. Raimon, 
Veronique Ademar. Grand 

Maitre de 
Sai nt Jean. 

IV. Hugues 1147. Guillaume 
Florie de Moiranc. a fait branche 

I qui est celle Septieme 

I Branche de Condray 1210. 

V. Alleman II. 1229. 

"l 

VI. Alleman III. 1282. Eynier. 
Beatrix Artaud. , 

I 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Bastet 

a f.iit 

branche 

de Montbrun 

1340. 



Florimon. Ripert. 

Eleonor 

Hiimbtrt de Dur- 



Jean. 



fort. 

I 

Argisteni 



Hugues. Beatrix. 

Arnande Baltesard 

de Rosans de Chaus- 

Sa femme. sen. 



VIII. Alleman V. 1342. 
'•' ' Aynarde des Rollans. 




- 






IX.— Gillet 1390. Eynier. 
Alix de Bellecombe. 










X. Gillet II, 1416 Artaud Eynier. Era 
Florence a fait 
de IlauteviUe. branche. 
Beatrix de Tolignan de Bellecombe 
1 1393- 


n(;ois. 


GuiUuame. 


Alleman. 


Cec;;:.. 



XI. Florimont Eynier, 1444. Dedie 
Caterine de Eccle 

Bellecombe 



Claude. Jean, Amard, Beatrix. Cateii' 

Eccles. Chev. Ante 

Antoine. de S. Marg deMonttl 

Jean. 
Guionet. Eleanor. 



XII. Jacques 1475. Franqois. 

Francoise Astrand. 
Jacques had by Jeanne de Vesc. 



Ayme. 



XIII. I. *Jean 1541. 2. Jacques, 3. Honorat 1527. 4. Guillaume. 6. Anne. 7. Caterine. 9. Magil 

Perrone Eccl. Peronete Claude 

de Mantonne de Claveson. 5. Charles. 8. Claudine. de J' 

I Marsane Gal 

[*Note. This is our line down to XIII. Jean, 1541. Ed.] 



XIV. Pierre. 



Francois 1571. 
Jeanne Pelissier. 



Claude. 
Guigonne 
de Jouven. 



Anne. 



XV. Jacques 1618. 
Martha 
de Sibeut. 



Frangois, Frangoise. 
a fait Hector 

branche. de Forets. 
(De Rochefort) 
1630. 



XVI. Alexandre. Francois 1659. Jeane. 

I Antoinette de Lastic. 



Antoine. Marie. 



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Deuxieme Branche, qui est celle De Rochefort. 
XV. FranQois 1630. 

Catarine de Suffise. 
\ 



Laurent: Joachim. Jean-Frangois. Jeanne. 



I 
XVII. Joseph. 

XVIII. Laurent II. 

I 

XIX. Jacques II. 



Troisieme Branche, qui est celle De Bellecombe. 
X. Artaud Alleman 1393. 
X. Artaud Alleman 1393. Mar. Aynarde de Murinais. 

XL Francois 1429. Falcon Antoine. Marguerite Jeanne, 
a fait la de la Balrae. 

branche de Guigues 

Murinais 

Boniface 



XII. Gillet 1463. 
I 



XIII. Gabriel 1 524mar. Catarine Virien, Aymar Antoinette. 

Chev. S. Amien 
Jean Robe. 

Quatrieme Branche, c'est celle de Murinais, divided into 

two. 

******* 

Cinquieme Branche, qui est celle De Montbrun. 
VII. Bastet 1340. 
VII. Bastet 1340. Mar. Marguerite de Montauban. 



?"• 


Guillaume 1362. 


Hugues. Alleman. 


Beatrix. 


Mabille. 


Briande. 




Polie de Montlor 


Armande Gilete d'Agout 




Hugues 


Jacques 








de Rosans | 






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1 Bastet 






ViUemu 








Perceval 














Beatrix 












Dragonet de Moroce 














371 









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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

IX. Bastet. Fouquet 1406. Bastet. Alleman. Pierre-Giran 

I 

X. Jean 1466. Aymard, Jeanne. Charlote. 

I Chev. de S. Religieuses. 

I Jean. 

XI. Fourquet 1490. Antoine. Morquet. Bonne. 
Louyse d'Urre. Eccles . . . Guinot du Bot. 



XII- AymartSSl. 


Jacques. Jean. 


Nicole. 


Caterine. Blanche 


Jeane 


Caterine Valette. 




Aymar 


Antoine Gabrie 


Antume 


1 




de Cleu. 


Faure. Blain 


Rivi^e. 


XIII. Aymar. Disdier. 


Charles 1575. 


Ren^e. 


Isabeau. Jeanne. 


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XIV. Justine. Louyse. Jean 1592 Madelaine. 
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XV. Charles-Ren6. Jean. Alexandre. Rene. Justine. Antoinette. Marquerite. 

a fait 
branche qui est '1 ■'-:- 

de la Jonchere ou 
de Villefranche 
1659 
[More here if desired. Ed.] 

Septieme Branche, qui est celle de Condray. 
IV. Guillaume 1210. 

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V. Guillaume II. 1262. ' ' 

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YI. Guillaume III. 1266. 

I 
VII. Pierre 1309, etc. 

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Du PuY Family 



THE FAMILY OF "DU PUY" OF FRANCE, 
VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY 

Noted Men of the "Du Puy" Faj^iily 

The family of Du Puy was one of culture and refinement; 
and was also intellectually inclined, as we find them filling 
various professions. 

Hugues Du Puy, 1419. Knight in an engagement. 



William Du Puy 1437. J^Iarried Jean L'Evesque. Gave 
his oath to the reigning Duke in the presence of the nobles 
of Saint Malo, in 1437. 



Pierre Du Puy 14S9 was Chamberlain to King Louis XI 
in France. 

Du Puy (Lord du Chesne) took part in engagements in 
1479-1513. 

Joachim Du Puy, James Du Puy, Knights of Malta, 
1525, and in 1562. 

Francis Du Puy 1543. Steward or Trencher to the King. 
Captain of Nancy in 1 543. 

"Reign of Elizabeth. Denizens in London 1571. Peter 
de Puys, born in France, stationer resident since 1566." 

"French Protestant Exiles" Agnew. p. 34. 

"Peter de Puis, born in France, stationer. Noel de Puis, 
his brother, and servant came in 1571 — sojourner w'ith 
Marques Stacie. 

"Marques Stacie, French person born at Stegehera, 
broker, . . . 

"French Protestant Exiles" p. 74. 

Pierre Du Puy, born at Agen 1582, died 1651. A French 
WTiter. He was also a successful Librarian and Councellor 
to the French King Louis XIII, who reigned from 1610- 
1643. 

Jacques Du Puy, brother to Pierre, was his able assistant. 

"Huguenot Society of London Vol. 4, p. 52. French 
Church of Southampton, 1596." 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

30 Juin Abraham, is. de Germain Ozane et de Judith 
Catel, s. f. P. Nicholas Du Puy." 

Du Puy Marquis de ISIontbrun in 1620. Lord of Roche- 
fort of Saint Andre, of Montmejean; originally of the prov- 
ince of Dauphine. 

"Persons Naturalized by Royal Letters-Patent, West- 
minster, London 1682. John Du Puy, John Du Puy, 
minor. "French Protestant Exiles, Vol. 2," p. 47. 

Philip Du Puy and David Du Puy were brothers and 
served as officers under Wm. Prince of Orange 1650-1702. 
Both of the Du Puy brothers were killed at the Battle of the 
Boyne, in Ireland 1690. 

The Du Puy brothers with many other Huguenots fought 
bravely under the Duke de Shomburg and were considered 
heroes at the Battle of the Boyne. 

Some of the soldiers, or their descendants came to Penn- 
sylvania with the Scotch-Irish. 

In France 1686 Jean Mascarene, with a fellow-prisoner 
Mr. Du Puy of Caramen was sentenced to the galleys for 
life. This was done because both professed the Protestant 
religion. Mr. Mascarene writes: "Our property was con- 
fiscated, with the fine of 1,000 crowns to the King; next we 
were taken to the Parliament ... of Toulouse, where a 
few days later we were separated. Mr. Du Puy remained in 
tne conciergerie, and I was transferred to the Prisons of the 
Hotel de Ville, from which I write you." 

These are the words of Mr. Mascarene to Mr. de Vie, his 
la\\7er, written from the prisons of the Hotel de Ville. 
December 1, 1687. 

Paris, France. 

Huguenots Naturalized by Royal Letters-Patent, West- 
minster, 1687. Elias Dupuy, Elizabeth, ^\-ife Michael, 
Mary, Daniel, Elizabeth, Elias, Mary-Anne, Francis, and 
Joseph children. 

In 1688 Peter Dupuy. In 1698 Andrew Dupuy. In 
1700 Philip Dupuy. "French Protestant Exiles." 

874 



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Du PuY Family 



Wm. of Orange and Mary his wife were crowned in 1689 
King and Queen of England, France and Ireland. 

Among the citizens of the same county (Elizabeth City 
Co. of Virginia) in 1692 was David Du Puy. 

"Social Life in Virginia" Bruce, p. 259. 

"1695, French Church, Norwich England, November 2. 
Marie, daughter of Jean Du Puits and Marie Estere. Spon- 
sors — Mr. Francois La Colombin, jNIichele Motte, wife of 
Jean de Cleare." 

"18th June 1695 — at a wedding in St. Patrick's, Dublin, 
Ireland, one of the witnesses is Monsieur David de Poey." 

"French Protestant Exiles, Vol. 2," Agnew. p. 102. 

"Official Summary — The Three French Infantry Regi- 
ments passed review before ]Major-General Ramsey at 
Ostend (England), 14th August 1698. Captain Du Puy's 
2 Sargeants, 1 Drummer, 20 Sentinels." Page 91, "French 
Protestant Exiles," Vol. 2," Agnew. 

"Virginia County Records Vol. 7," p. 12. 

Henrico County — 1717 Bartholomew Dupee, 133 acres. 

Henry Depew b. 1749. d. N. Y. City May 5. 1846. Aged 
97. Mr. Depew served in the Rev-War & was at the sur- 
render of Yorktown & other battles. 

Served in the War of the Revolution between 1775-1783. 
"James Dupee, Peter Du-pee. William Dupee, Bounty 
Warrant. John Dupey (Prince Edward Co.) 

"Report of the Secretary of War 1835." 

James Dupuy Jr. (Captain). "Revolutionary Soldiers 
of Virginia. Report of the State Librarian." p. 147. 

In 1802 Rabaut Du Puy became an eminent statesman 
and presided over the Constituent Assembly in France, and 
by his integrity and broad-minded statesmanship shed lustre 
upon his Huguenot antecedents. 

Honorable Chauncy Depew a descendant of one of the 
Du Puy Emigrants to New York is (1914) one of the noted 
members of this family. 

The late President of the French Republic Monsieur 
Du Puy, derived descent from this ancient and noble house. 

376 



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NOTED MEMBERS OF THE 
"DU PUY" FAMILY 

Le Sieur Du Puy was among the noble Norman Barons 
who followed William the Conqueror, and took part in the 
Battle of Hastings, 1066. His name is on the Battle Abbey 
Roll, and his illustrious lineage is associated with the ivy- 
mantled towers bearing his name, "Chateau de la Hai- 
Dupuis." His coat of arms is painted opposite his name, 
"sur se grande tableau" (on the roll or list). See Goube's 
"History of Normandie." 

In the Records of this house are found besides warriors, 
many Du Buys celebrated as Counselors, Ministers of State, 
Bishops and Cardinals, no less than four of them having 
been granted the Cardinal's Hat— Imbert Du Puy, 1327; 
Gerard Du Puy, 1375; Jacques Du Puy born 1497, and 
one created Archbishop of Barri 1557 was made Cardinal 
by Pope Julius II, and in consequence was Protector of 
Poland and President of the Order of Cannes and Malta. 
He died April 26, 1583. 

Gerard Du Puy, Cardinal . . . was made a brother 
at S. Florent, afterwards at Marmontier. He was made 
Cardinal 1375. He died 14th of Feb., 1389. 

Jacques du Puy, Cardinal, Archbishop of Bari, born at 
Nice in Provence, 9th Feb., 1497. He was made Cardinal 
in 1551. He died at Rome on Monday 26th April 1563, in 
the 69th year of his age. His body was buried by Antoine 
Du Puy, his nephew. Cardinal Du Puy had -^Titten several 
works. He was buried at the Church of St. Marie de la 
Minerve. 

Louis Du Puy native of the town of Romans, in Dau- 
phine, in the 16th century, was the son of a celebrated phy- 
sician named Guillaume du Puy, and he himself excelled in 
the same profession. He lived at Poitiers and translated 
from the Greek into the French several treatises in a schol- 
arly manner, and was of the same reputation as his father. 

Jean du Puy, Puteanus, brother of the Order of Augus- 
tins, Professor of Theologie in the University of Toulouse. 

376 



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Died in 1623, in high honor and with a reputation of great 
piety. 

Henri du Puy, or Ericius Puteanus, born at Venloo, in 
the Duchy of Gueldre 4th Nov., 1574. Studied at Dordrecht, 
Cologne and Louvain, and traveled to Italy, Rome, Padua 
and Milan. Died at the Chateau de Louvain 17th Septem- 
ber, 1646, in the 72nd year of his age. Married Magdelene- 
Catherine de la Tour at Milan 1604. Henri Du Puy was 
classed among the most learned authors of his age. The 
city of Rome honored him and his issue, 1603, with citizen- 
ship and enrolled him and his posterity among the 
patricians. See "Abstract of Genealogy of the Old House 
of the Du Puys, 1733," by Nicholas Balthazar. Henri 
Du Puy and his wife had: 1. Jean-Etienne, afterwards 
called Jesuite Du Puy. 2. Fauste Du Puy mentioned in 
1628. 3. Juste Du Puy, who became secretary to the 
Archbishop of Comsa. 4. Maximilian Du Puy, who 
studied the same as his father. 

Frangois du Puy, General of the Order des Chartreux; 
native of Saint Bonet en Forez . . . mentioned in 1503, 
was chosen by the bishops of Valence and of Grenoble to be 
their official, and exercised this office with great probity and 
knowledge. Finally he renounced the world and received 
the habit of Chartreux from the Bishop of Grenoble. He 
composed a work on the Psalms, in imitation of Saint 
Thomas, printed in 1520. He died 17th Sept., 1521. 

Clement Du Puy, sixth son of Geofroy Du Puy, was a 
celebrated lawyer of the Parliament of Paris, and acquired 
a great reputation by his knowledge, eloquence and his 
uprightness. He was consulted in all great affairs of the 
state. He died when 48 years old 2 2d Aug., 1554. He had 
married Philippe Poncet. They had: 1. Clement Du Puy 
Jesuite. 2. Claude Du Puy. 3. Judith Du Puy. 

Clement du Puy Jesuite, son of Clement du Puy the law- 
yer, born at Paris, had a great reputation in his times for 
his theology and for his charity. His merits as a scholar 
raised him to take part in the principal affairs of the day 
and throughout the Province of France. Died at Bordeaux 
1598. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Claude du Puy, son of Clement Du Pay and of Philippe 
Poncet, was Councellor to the Parliament of Paris. Brought 
up by his Mother who taught him the teachings of Turnebe, 
Lambin and Aurat, or Dorat. tie studied philosophy under 
the famous Cujas. He took a voyage into Italy where he 
met the great men of that country, such as Fulvius, Ursinus, 
Paul IManuce, . . . and many others. He was made coun- 
sellor at Paris 7th Feb., 1576. He died the 1st December 
1594, in his 49th year. 

Christophe du Puy eldest son of Claude Du Puy and of 
Claude Sanguin, Councellor to the Parliament, was made 
at Rome the Cardinal of Joyeuse. He gave great service to 
Monsieur de Thou in the first part of his History. He had 
great zeal and was often consulted by Pope Urban VIII. He 
died 28th June 1654, aged nearly 75 years. 

Pierre du Puy, son of Claude du Puy, Councellor to the 
Parliament. Was Counsellor to the King and garde of his 
bibliotheque. He was a scholar the same as his father. He 
had great judgment and was assiduous in his studies. His 
principal friends were the historian De Thou and the cele- 
brated Nicolas Rigault. These formed a Triune Three. 
Pierre died at Paris 14th of December 1651, aged 69 years. 
Nicolas Rigault, his friend, wrote his life printed in London 
in 1681. Henri de Valois made his funeral oration. Pierre 
Du Puy was the author of a vast number of valuable books 
and Histories. Jacques Du Puy, his brother, Prieur de 
Saint Sauveur, aided him in the compilation of all his 
works. Jacques Du Puy was made Garde of the library of 
the King, and died the 17th of November 1656. 

Germain Du Puy, Pretre of the Oratoire, Cure of Chatres, 
. . . Charaoine of Saint Jacques de I'Hopital, a. Paris, 
where he lived many years. He was a writer and author. 
Died in 1713 more than a septuagenarian. He was the 
author of a number of works. Le Grand Dictionnaire 
Moreri, Paris, pp. 639-40. 

Noble Etienne du Puy, writer, Lord of Sauvescure, mar- 
ried by contract Marie de Lupe and passed into the house 
of the Noble de la Motte, paroisse de Pouillon, the 4th of 
Aug., 1644. 

378 



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Du PuY Fa:mily 



Courcelle's History gives the House of De Pouy coat of 
arms the same as the Du Puys, and says they are all of the 
same family, and that that is only another way of writing 
Du Puy. 

The "Du Puys" in the Hall of the Crusaders, Versailles, 
France 1096 A. D. 

In the Hall of the Crusaders, Room 5, there is a Picture of 
Raymond Du Puy in the embrazure of the Middle Window. 
The coat of Arms of Raymond Du Puy is on one of the 
pillars and "Huges Du Puy 1096" is up near the ceiling in 
left-hand corner, as one faces the windows and Raymond 
Du Puy's picture. 

This is a magnificent Hall, and is the Pride of France; 
and our hearts glowed, and thrilled within us, as we stood 
and looked at these crests and pictures, and felt that, after 
almost 900 years we, the 24th Generation with the "Du 
Puy" blood in our veins, could rejoice today in the honor 
that they so well merited. Ed. 

In the "Chateaux de Versailles, or Palace of the Hall of 
the Crusaders," Room 21 , we saw on central arch, to the far 
left, a coat of arms marked "1096 Ra>Tnond de St. Gilles, 
Comte De Toulouse" 

This room has also, in upper left-hand comer over win- 
dow, a coat of arms of "Hugues Du Puy, Sgr. (Lord) de 
Pereins d'Apifer de Rochefort. 1096." 

In Room 17 there was a picture of "Raymond de Saint 
Gilles, Comte De Toulouse 1 105." This picture has a most 
noble face. The head wears a golden jeweled crown. The 
right hand is extended ; the left grasps a powerful sword. A 
long, heavy blue gray robe drapes his figure, while a broad 
red cross decorates his left shoulder. 

Also in Room 21, on left hand of central arch I found: 
A Coat-of-Arms, Dated 1119. "Raymond Du Puy. 1" 
Gd. Maitre de I'ordre, de St. Jean de Jerusalem. Premier or 
first Grand Master of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem." 
In Room 21, on left hand of center arch may be found: 
Cross— Dated 1128. "Hugues de Payens. l"'Gd. Maitre 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

de rOrdre du Temple." Premier or First Grand Master of 
the Order of the Temple. In Room 18 we saw a most beau- 
tiful Painting by Monsieur Gibot of the *"Defense de la 
Celesyrie par Ra}Tnond Du Puy, Grand J^Iaitre de I'ordre 
de Saint Jean de Jerusalem 1130." 

Du Puy is a very ancient French name, being one of the 
oldest in France. 

Puy signifies Mountain: du = "of the." 

In French, "Puy (du)." In Latin, "de Podio." . , 



In the First Crusade Hugues Du Puy, one of the Dau- 
phin's Knights and a crusader, for the Concjuest of the Holy 
Land, accompanied by his three sons Adolph, Romain and 
Raymond, went with Godefroy de Bouillon to Palestine in 
the year 1096. 

Ra>inond Du Puy, 1113. Founded and was the First 
Grand INIaster of the Military Order of the Knights of St. 
John, of Jerusalem (1113). This military order was after- 
wards styled the "Knights Templars" in 1121; also the 
"Knights of ]Malta," and acquired much wealth and wielded 
great power for several centuries. The Du Puy "coat of 
arms" was a device with a gold shield with a red lion 
rampant, showing his teeth, and with his tongue extended; 
also his claws. The tongue and claws were blue. The coat 
of arms of the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, the 
Crusaders, was a broad white cross of eight points on a red 
field. According to the custom of the age of chivalry, Ray- 
mond Du Puy, when he had become a Knight of Saint John 
of Jerusalem, quartered his own coat of arms with those of 
the order of Saint John of Jerusalem. This latter coat of 
arms was deemed superior in dignity to that of the indi- 
vidual coat of arms. He therefore placed the arms of the 

*"The Defense of Celesyrie by Raymond Du Puy, Grand Master of the 
Order of St. John of Jerusalem, 1130." Another painting just above this 
one shows Raymond Du Puy made prisoner by a body of Turks, 1130. 
(28th 4th mo. 1910) 



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order in the superior places of his shield, i. e., the First and 
Fourth Quarters, while he placed the arms of his father, 
Hugues Du Puy, in the Second and Third Quarters. 

"Le Grand Dictionnaire Historique du ^loreri. Vol. 
VIII. Pub. at Paris MDCCLIX" (1759), p. 632. Con- 
gressional Library, Wash. D. C. 

"In 1033, the Emperor Conrad* le Salique (and not 
Henri II in 1103) went as head of an army to take pos- 
session of the Royalties of Aries and de Bourgogne, . . . 
1st Gen. — Raphael Du Puy, in Latin de Podio, Grand 
Chamberlain of tlie Empire, went with him. He was made 
Gouverneur of these new estates. After a time the descend- 
ants of Raphael du Puy were possessed of several states in 
Dauphine until the reign of Louis XI, who reunited all these 
souverainetes to the crown. "The tomb of Raphael du Puy 
was opened at Pereins in 1610 by order of Monsieur le 
Compte de la Roche, gouverneur of Romaines in Dauphine. 
They found his body extended on a slab of marble, his 
sword on one side, his spurs on the other; and upon his head 
a helmet of lead with an inscription thus translated into 
French by the Historian, Marquis of Saint Andre-Mont- 
brun: 'Raphael de Podio, General de la cavalerie Romaine, 
and Grand Chambellan de TEmpire Romain.' "In the 
house of Du Puy in Dauphine, there may be seen a medal of 
Gold of the same Raphael, on the reverse side of which is 
written: 'Raphael de Podio, Grand Chambellan de I'Em- 
pire romain, under I'empereur Auguste, Christ regnant in 
the chair.' Only Octavian, and Strabon, and Henri II, had 
the title of 'Cesar Auguste.' " 

I. Raphael De Podio had a son: 

2nd Gen. — Hugues Du Puy I, lord of Pereins,! of Apifer 

*One should find in the History of "Conrad le Salique," Emperor of 
Germany, 1033, what part Raphael de Podio, Grand Chamberlain of the 
Empire, took in the conquests by the Emperor, of Aries, and Bourgogne, 
in France. Thus we might find the history of Raphael de Podio antedating 
the year 1033. Author. 

fPcyrins, France, Drome, situated 1437 m. high; 2515 hecta [hecta 
equals 100 a.] ; leaning against a hill of 242 m. ; above the Savasse ; Canton 
de Romans (6K.), department of Valence (24-22K., N. N. E.). Has a 
Post Office, a Parish administered by a Priest, three Public Schools, a 
Convent of the Sisters of Saint-Martha, A Notary, an Office for collecting 
381 



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and of Rochefort. He went to the conquest of the Holy 
Land with his three children and his wife Deurard de 
Poisieu in 1096. 

Guy Allard, p. 1, "Histoire Genealogique de Famille de 
Du Puy-Montbrun a Grenoble,* 1682." 

"The Family of Du Puys had as a surname de Podeolo, 
de Psuato, de Puteolo, or de Podio. They are to be found 
at the siege of Nice by Admiral Soliman, of the Turks. 

"Then when the City of Azare had been captured he (one 
of this Du Puy Family) obtained the civil Rights under the 
name of Wido of Pusato. This cannot be a mistake because 
when Peyrins and the other places of the Romans were 
dependencies of the ancient kingdom of Bourgoyne, . . . 
it was necessary that among those who took part in the Cru- 
sades there should be some of this country; I have arranged 
part of the names of the gentlemen who were in this party 
. . . Guy de Chevrieres, Alleman . . . Rodolphe & Re- 
main du Puy, sons of Hugues. Their surname was de 
Podio." 

2nd Gen. — Hugues Du Puy I. 

Founded the Abbey of Aiguebelle, order of St. Bernard, 
diocese of "St. Paul-trois-Chateaux." He was one of the 
gallant Generals of Godefroi de Bouillon, and was in many 
brave encounters, so that this prince gave him the sou- 
verainete of the city of Acre, or Ptolemaide.f "Hugues de 
Podio. 'This very (or most) excellent warrior,' said Albert 
d'Aix, 'was given this city.' He had four sons: 

1. Alleman I. 2. Rodolphe, to whom Godefroi de Bouil- 
lon gave several lands in the Holy Land, and who was 
killed in combat in the valley of Ran. 3. Romain, who 
was killed in the principalities that Godefroi had given him. 

indirect taxes, also an Office of Charity. The farmers produce asparagus, 
cucumbers and grapes. The soil is stony. The culture of the mulberry is 
carried on, and a considerable number of the Plants are exported. Feast: 
the last Thursday of February. In the church there is a tomb (1297) of a 
Du Puy-Montbrun. There is a Chateau in ruins, — also a Chateau of 
Chabrieres, of the 17th Centur>'." 

"Dictionnaire Geographique & Administratif De La France, Vol. V. 
Paris, 1899." ^ , 

•Grenoble is just south of Lyon, in France. ^' ; ,; ; 

tThis was a city in Syria, on the coast. 
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4. Raymond du Puy, Second Recteur or Grand Master of 
the order of Saint John of Jerusalem. "The Great His- 
torical Dictionary, by Lewis ]Moreri. Printed at London 
1694." Raymond du Puy, died in 1160. Grand Master of 
the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, was of Dauphiny. He 
went to the Holy Land with Godfrey of Bullen, and after 
taking Jerusalem devoted himself to serve the Poor, and 
the Pilgrims in the Hospital of St. John in that City. Hav- 
ing already manifested his valor in Battle, Gerard, who 
was Rector of the Hospital, dying, Raymond du Puy was 
chosen to succeed him. He prescribed Laws to his Order, 
took in a great many Brethren, divided them into three 
Degrees, namely Knights, Servants at Arms and Chaplains. 
All his rules or constitutions were confirmed in 1 123 by Pope 
Calixtus II, and in 1130 by Innocent II, who gave them for 
their standard a Cross Argent in a Field Gules (the Malta 
Cross). He equipped his troops and sent them to Baldwin, 
the 2nd King of Jerusalem; assisted him at the siege of 
Ascalon and contributed very much to the taking of it. "Le 
Grand Dictionaire Historique, by Moreri. Pub. 1759 at 
Paris." 

Raymond du Puy succeeded in 1118 Gerard, the one who 
founded this order. He was of the illustrious House of 
Du Puy. In 1113 he was made Maitre de I'hopital of the 
city of Jerusalem." Gerard had been called Gouverneur de 
I'hopital. Raymond made a new constitution, confirmed by 
Calliste II in 1123, and by Innocent II in 1130: by which 
they had a right to carry in war a silver cross, today called 
the cross of "Malta," "in a Field gueulles." Raymond 
du Puy armed his troops and went to the help of Baudouin 
II, King of Jerusalem, and there they conquered the armies 
of the Infidels. In the year 1153 the King of Jerusalem 
was about to raise the siege of Ascalon, but the Grand 
Maitre Du Puy persuaded him to remain before the city, 
and it surrendered in a few days. This conquest brought 
him a great deal of glory, which came to be heard by the 
Pope Anastase IV, who accorded to his Order great privi- 
leges. Raimond was presented with a magnificent palace to 
live in. This made him have the jealousy of the other prel- 



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-iaiq -4alc srif to 7?»c 



Gene.\logy, with Brief Sketches 

ates in Jerusalem and the Holy Land. But the Order was 
maintained by the Sovereign Pontiff in these exemptions 
and in his privileges. This Grand-Maitre died in 1160, and 
was succeeded by Auger de Balben. Ra}Tnond du Puy is the 
first to have taken and to have carried the title of "Grand 
Master of the Order," and he did not make use of it until 
after Roger, King of Sicily, had given it to him in several 
letters that he had written to Raymond.** (See "Bosio & 
Baudouin hist de I'order of S. Jean de Jerusalem"; also, 
M. de Valbonnay's Recherches concernant Raimond Du 
Puy premier president de la chambre des Comptes de Dau- 
phine in Vol. VI, part I.) Guy Allard's "Histoire Genealo- 
gique de Faraillie de Du Puy-i\Iontbrun a Grenoble 1682," 
p. 15: 

3rd Gen., 1st child — Alleman Du Puy I, Knight, Lord 
of Pereins, of Apifer and of Rochefort, at Dauphine during 
the time that his father, mother and brothers took the voyage 
to the Holy Land. As his inclinations did not seem to take 
him with them, he had the pleasure of receiving his parents 
again, who returned happily. Alleman remained at home 
and cared for his home and his parents, showing by his 
conduct that he wished to make happy their declining years. 
He was not lacking in courage, either, as he demonstrated 
on several occasions. He had learned that William, Count 
de Forcalquier, of Ambrun, and of Gap, and ^Marquis of 
Provence had attacked Giraud and Giraudet Ademars, 
Lords of Monteil and of Grignan, who rendered homage for 
the land of Monteil; and that this Prince, in the year 1115, 
had come himself almost to the gates of Monteil, that are 
called Monteilmart, a city of Dauphine, in order to compel 
these brothers to acknowledge him. He knew also, that the 
Count de Valentinois had given troops to the brothers, so he 
joined them and encouraged them with much help in several 
different encounters, until his brothers acknowledged that 
the defeat of the Count de Forcalquier was a part of the 
work of Alleman du Puy L They acknowledged their in- 
debtedness still further by giving to him in marriage their 
sister Veronique Adexnar. I have seen a manuscript or deed 

**This was all copied at the library in Paris, France. — Author. 
3S4 



.i:-T:-I J 



Du PuY Faj^iily 



i dated "6 of the Kale of May 1143," in favor of this Alle- 

i man, by William-Hugues Ademar, Lord of iMonteil, of the 

I House of Montrun. . . . Yeronique, wife of Alleman was 

i daughter of Giraud Ademar, Lord of Monteil, de la Garde 

I and of Grignan, and niece of A}'mar, Archishop du Puy, 

! so celebrated in the wars of the Holy Land. Lambert and 

j Giraudonnet Ademar were his brothers. They died at the 
siege of Jerusalem and were great friends of Raimon Du 

! Puy, Grand ISIaster of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. 

I 4th Gen. — Hugues Du Puy II, Knight, Lord of Pereins, 

1 Rochefort, Apifer, and Montbrun. He took the Cross and 
went to the Crusades in 1140 with Ame III, Count of 
Savoye and acquitted himself with much glory, and also 
in 1147, in the army of the Empereur Conrad III. He 
made a league, offensive and defensive, with the house of 
Clermont-Tonnerre. He married Florida Moiran, daugh- 
ter of Berlion de Moiran. 

5th Gen., 1st child— Alleman du Puy II, Knight, Lord 
of Pereins, Rochefort, Apifer and Montbrun, carrying the 
name of IMontbrun, and rendering homage in 1229 to Aimar 
de Poitiers, count of Valentinois and of Diois. He acquired 
the fiefs and directorships in the place of Pereins, of Guil- 
laume du Puy, his uncle. In an act of acquisition, (dated 
October 23, 1267), he himself says "he is son of Hugues du 
Puy and grandson of Alleman du Puy: and it is also written 
in the act that Guillaume is son of Allernan I. See "History 
of the house of Poitiers," by Andre Du Chesne. Alleman 
Du Puy II married Alix, princess Dauphine. They had: 
1. Alleman Du Puy III. 2. Ainier, who went on a journey 
to Tunis, where the Africains w-ere defeated by the French. 
(See Joinville.) (In the year 1270.) 

6th Gen., 1st child— Alleman Du Puy III. Knight, Lord 
of Pereins, Rochefort, Apifer, Montbrun, Rhelianette, Baux, 
Solignac, Bruis, Bordeaux, Ansenix and Conisriea. He 
joined with Humbert, the Dauphin, his first cousin, in hos- 
tilities with the count of Savoye in the year 1282 and loaned 
money to Humbert in 1290 to marry his sister to Jean the 
Count de Forets. In his will, dated 23 September, 1304, 



rnMl/- .•,-;=-,:' -I 






Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

he divides into parts with Ainier his brother, which took 
place in 130S, all those lands received from Alleman their 
father, and those that had been acquired through Guillaume 
their cousin established in Berri. He married Beatrix 
Artaud, daughter of Pierre-Ysoard Artaud, Lord of Glan- 
dage and of his wife Alix de Tournon. They had three sons, 
also other children. 1. Alleman Du Puy IV. 2. Bastet Du 
Puy, founder of the Branch of Lords of Montbruu. 3. 
Imbert (or Humbert) Du Puy, who became Cardinal and 
Archbishop of Boulogne. He rendered homage to Humbert 
the Dauphin in 1334. All the conclave wanted to have made 
him pope, but Philippe le Bel (the king) was not willing, 
because he thought it against the interests of the Empereur. 

7th Gen., 1st child — Alleman du Puy IV, Knight, Lord 
of Pereins, Rochefort, Apifer, Ansenix, and Conisrieu. He 
was with the Count of Valentinois under King Philippe V 
who marched against the people of Flamans in 1316. He 
was routed in 1329 on the journey to Cassel. He married 
Eleanore Alleman,* daughter of Jean Alleman, Lord of 
Lanciol (Lintoil). They had Alleman Du Puy V. 

8th Gen., 1st child— Alleman du Puy V, Knight, Lord 
of Pereins, Rochefort, Apifer, Ansenix and Conisrieu. He 
espoused Ainarde de Roland, daughter of Noble Gillet de 
Roland. They had: 1. Gilles, or Gillet. 2. Ainier, or 
Eynier, who rendered allegiance to the Dauphin 19th 
November, 1356. 3. Gerard, who was made Cardinal 
under the title of Saint Clement, Bishop of Carcassone and 
Abbe of Marmontier. Ainarde de Roland, wife of Alleman 
du Puy V, was a widow in 1362, at which time she is men- 
tioned with her son Gilles du Puy. 

9th Gen., 1st child— Gilles Du Puy I, Knight, Lord of 
Rochefort, Apifer, Ansenix, and Conisrieu, was present at a 
transaction which took place between Louis de Poitiers, 
count of Valentinois, and another Louis de Poitiers, in 1348. 
He rendered allegiance to the Dauphin, Charles of France, 
25 August, 1349, and made his will 11 March, 1390. He 
married Alix de Bellecombe. She, after the death of her 

*In an act dated 1329 she speaks of her father. 






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Du PuY Family 



husband, Gilles Du Puy I, rendered allegiance to the Dau- 
! phin King, 4 May, 1397, for herself and for Artaud du Puy, 

I her son. Giles Du Puy I and Alix de Bellecombe had: 

I 1. Gilles Du Puy II. 2. Artaud Du Puy, who founded the 

j branch of Bellecombe. 3. Ainier (or Eynier) Du Puy. 

! 4. Frangois Du Puy, Knight of the order of Saint John of 

I Jerusalem, Commander of S. Paul, near Romans (a city) ; 

he rendered allegiance to Louis Dauphin, in the year 1446. 
i He was present at Rome, at the assembly of the Knights of 

I this order convoked by Pope Eugene IV and was made 

deputy of the county of Auvergne, of which he was made 
i First Grand Master in 1450; afterwards he was Baillif of 

Langot, after the death of the Grand-Master, Jacques de 
Milly. 5. Guillaume Du Puy. 6. Alleman Du Puy; also 
7. Cecille Du Puy. 

10th Gen., 1st child— Gilles, or Gillet Du Puy II. 
Knight, Lord of Pereins, Rochefort, Apifer, and other 
towns, made his will on 13 May, 1420. In which he says he 
had had two wives. The first named Florence de Hauteville, 
daughter of Florimond de Hauteville. The second was 
Beatrix de Tauligman. They had 6 children: 1. Ainier 
(or Eynier) Du Puy. 2. Disdier Du Puy, Pretre of St. 
Bernard de Romans. 3. Claude Du Puy. 4. Jean Du 
Puy, abbot of S. Eusebe of the diocese of Apt, Prevost of 
Carpentras for the Pope and Tresorier of the Romain 
church, in the year 1431. 5. Aimar Du Puy, Knight of the 
Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, first grand master of 
Saint Gilles. 6. Caterine Du Puy, who married the Noble 
Antoine de ]Montbrun, du mandement de Val., etc. 

11th Gen., 1st child — .Ainier, or Eynier Du Puy, officer 
general of the armies, Knight, Lord of Pereins, Rochefort, 
Hauteville, la Roche, Montolicu, and Puygiron; paid allegi- 
ance to Louis dauphin through the hands of his chancelor 
on 1 1 February, 1446. He also rendered homage to the king 
dauphin in the year 1466. He married Catherine de Belle- 
combe, daughter of Ainard II, Lord of Touvet, de Saint- 
Marcel and of Montaulieu (or Montolieu). They had 3 
children: 1. Jacques du Puy. 2. Frangois Du Puy, sur- 
named de Bellecombe. 3. Aime Du Puy. 









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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

12th Gen., 1st child — Jacques Du Puy, Knight, Lord of 
Rochefort, Roche-fur Grane, Autichamp, etc., accepted the 
gift that was made to him by Aimer, or Eynier Du Puy, his 
father, the 28 January, 1475. He married 1st, 4 February, 
1476, Frangoise Astraud, daughter of N. Astraud, Lord of 
Marsane. He was married the second time to Jeanne de 
Vesc, daughter of Talabard de Vesc, Seigneur d'Espeluche, 
Gouveneur of the City of Ambrun, and of Caterine de Sade- 
mand. He made his will 19 July, 1505; in it he mentions 
his mother Catherine de Bellecombe and his second wife. 
They had left Peyrins and lived at Chabillan. By his wife, 
Jeanne de Vecs, he had : 

13th Gen., 1st child — Jean Du Puy (in English John), 
Lord of Hauteville, who rendered homage to the King dau- 
phin 10 September, 1541. Jean Du Puy married Peronne de 
Mantonne, by whom he had no children. He afterwards 
married again and had several sons, Peter Du Puy and 
Ra>Tnond Du Puy. By consulting "Haag's" Protestante 
France, we find Jean's son Barthelemy Du Puy I made his 
will 28 February, 1583, and mentions at least three chil- 
dren. Pierre, the eldest, who was father of Barthelemy II, 
born 1581, and grandfather of Jean Du Puy who married, 
1652, Anne de Saint Hyer. 2. Jacques Du Puy. Religieux 
of the Order of Sainte Franqoise. 3. Honorat Du Puy 
(more later). 4. Guillaume Du Puy, consigneur of Roche- 
fur-Grane, who gave homage to Charles, king dauphin, 14 
September, 1541. 5. Charles Du Puy. 6. Anne Du Puy. 

7. Catherine Du Puy, who married N. Claude de Marsane. 

8. Claudine Du Puy. 9. Madelaine Du Puy, who married 
Jean Galbert, Lord of Fondes, 29 October, 1523. Jean Du 
Puy was an ancient notary of Revel. Revel is in Haute- 
Garronne in Southern France, in the beautiful valley of the 
Sor. It is a rail road station . . . 786 k. from Paris. . . . 
There are five Public schools, . . . It manufactures 
liquors, furniture and pottery. ... At the time of the Reli- 
gious Wars Revel was a place of refuge for the Protestants. 
Jean (or John) Du Puy — Was the founder of the Protestant 
Branch of the Family of Du Puy in Upper Languedoc. 



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Du PuY Family 



! Rendered homage to the Dauphin in 1541.* 2nd Branch 

OF Du PuY De Cabrilles was founded by Jean Du Puy. 
Married, 1st, Peronne de Mantone; no issue. Married, 2nd, 

I and had: 

14th Gen. — Barthelemy Du Puy I, or Sr., Lord of 
Cabrilles. Will made 28 February, 1583. Had three chil- 
dren: 1. Pierre. 2. Ra}TOond. 3. Jean. Raymond was 
called the Cadet. ISIarried Antoinette Bourraisier, Lady of 
I Peirens. They had: 1. Sara, married 8 Dec, 1599, and 2. 

f Jean Charles Du Puy, Lord of Roquetaillade, Gov. du 

i chateau d'Ayssenes. Married Anne Du Puy. They had: 

I Scipion Du Puy, Lord of Scalibert. Married, 1657, Isabeau 

I de Bouffard I^Iadiane, veuve de Roux de Teixade et Laca- 

i dicie. Jean Du Puy, son of Barthelemy I, married Made- 

leine de Saint-Maurice, 26 June, 1585, and had: Salamon 
Du Puy, sgr. de Cairols. Married Jeanne Notat 1st jSIay, 
1614, and had: Guy-Aldonce Du Puy, sgr. de Cairol, min- 
ister of Paulin. Married at the Temple of Castres, Alix de 

*Sa maison servait de lieu de priere aux Protestants de cctte villa. Le 
27 Avril 1561, le prieur des Jacobins toujours aux agnets, reussit enfin a 
surprendre une de leurs assemhlees secretes. A la tete d'une populace 
furieuse et arme lui-meme d'une massue, il envahit la maison de Du Puy, 
I'arreta avec une vingtaine des plus apparents et fit transporter ses prison- 
niers a Toulouse lies et garrottes comma les plus vils nialfaiteurs. lis y 
arriverent le 25 mai ; mais au grand regret du sanguinaire parlement, un 
ordre du roi lui arracha sa proie et fit randre la liberte a Du Puy et a ses 
coaccuses, le 19 Juillet. Le parlement ne voulet pas toutefois obeir en 
tous points au mandcmcnt royal ; il confisqua la maison de Du Puy, con- 
damna Bernard Ycher, riche marchand de Revel, a une amende de 500 
livres, et ordonna qu'un Nouveau-Testament et d'autres livres de piete 
saisis chez les prisonniers, seraient brules publiquement sur la place de 
Revel, ce qui fut execute le 4 August. Tant s'en fallut que cela eut fait 
perdre courage aux Protestants de Revel, que, des le 24 December, ils 
s'assemblerent au grand jour, et qua, le 3 Janvier 1562, ils installerent 
comme ministra Jean Du Bousquet qui precha successivement dans les 
maisons de Francois et de Guillaume Salvas, en presence d'une assem- 
blee de plus en plus nombreuse. lis jouirent d'une complete liberte 
jusqu'au 21 Mai, que. sur la nouvelle des evenements de Toulouse, ils 
jugerent prudent da se retirer en lieu de surete. Un petit nombre seule- 
ment demturerent a Revel ou dans les environs, entre autres Martin Du 
Puy, I'un des diacres, qui fut arrete peu de temps apres et pendu. Crespin 
raconte qu'on lui noircit le visage, les pieds et les mains pour faire croire 
qu'il avait ete possede du diable, et qu'on jeta son cadavre aux chiens. 
Un autre Du Puy, nevan da 'V'ascosan, et libraira de Paris, qui sa trouva 
par malheur a Toulouse lors de I'entreprise des Protestants, fut egalement 
pendu, le 14 May, par ordre du Parlement avec I'heritier de Lerm da 
Rabasteins, Martin, greffier de rhotel-de-Villa, et I'imprimeur Boudeville. 






•i1 f,n- 



Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Vi£;nolles, veuve du sieur de La Roche, 4 April, 1650 
(Pradel). 

15th Gen. — Pierre Du Puy. ISIarried . Pierre, 

the eldest, was father of Barthelemy, Sgr. (Seigneur or 
Lord) of Cabrilles, born in 1581, and father, in his turn, of 
Jean, who married Anne de Saint-Hyer in 1652. 

16th Gen.— Barthelemy Du Puy II, Lord of Cabrilles. 
Born 1581. Married . 

17th Gen. — Jean Du Puy. Married, 165.2, Anne de St. 
Hyer. 

18th Gen. — Bartholomew Du Puy. Born 1660. Mar- 
ried in France, 1681, Countesse Susanne La Villian. They 
spent fourteen years in Germany; then went to England in 
1699. They joined a party of Huguenots and sailed for 
America in 1700. They settled at Manikin-Town on the 
James River, seventeen miles above Richmond, Virginia. 

19th Gen. — Jacques or John James Du Puy. Married 
Susanne La Villain, who was also a French Huguenot. 

20th Gen.— Olympia Du Puy. Born Feb. 29, 1729. Died 

■ . Married John James Trabue, of Virginia, United 

States of America. 

21st Gen. — Edward Trabue. Born in Virginia, 1764. 
Died in Kentucky July 6th, 1814. Married Martha or 
Patsey Haskins, daughter of Colonel Robert and Elisabeth 
Hill Haskins, of Virginia and Kentucky. 

12nd Gen. — George Washington Trabue banker and 
merchant of Glasgow, Kentucky. Born February 22, 1793. 
Died Louisville, Kentucky September 5th, 1873. Married 
Glasgow, Kentucky Elizabeth Buford Chambers widow of 
John Chambers and daughter of Simeon Buford of Revo- 
lutionary fame and Margaret Kirtley Buford, his wife. 

23d Gen. — Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue. Born May 31st, 
1835 in Glasgow, Kentucky. 'Died August 15, 1909 in 
Philadelphia, Penna. Married Samuel Ware Van Culin 
merchant of Philadelphia, Penna. Born April 29th 1824, 
Salem, New Jersey. Died Thursday October 12, 1887 in 
Philadelphia, Pa. Married Thursday December 1st 1853, 
Glasgow, Kentucky. 






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Du PUY FAillLY 



24th Gen.— Lillie Du Puy Van Culin. Born Philadel- 
phia, Pa. Married, 1st, Rev. Joseph Leslie Richardson, of 
Kentucky. Married 2nd, Thomas Roberts Harper, of Phila- 
delphia, Penna., Thursday, September 24th, 1S96. He 
was son of Daniel Roberts Harper and Susanna Roberts 
Harper, all of Philadelphia, Pa., and descendants of the 
very early Welsh and English settlers, one of whom, 
Thomas Roberts, came over with William Penn in 1682. 



BARTHOLOMEW DU PUY AND HIS FAMILY 
IN VIRGINIA 

"One generation shall praise his works to another." 

Bartholomew Du Puy, same coat of arms as Depew of 
New York: also Nicholas du Puy, New York. 
(Dauphine and Languedoc, France.) 
Or, a lion rampant gules upon a chief azure three stars or. 
Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or, a iieur-dc-lis azure. 
Supporters — On either side a lion rampant or. 
Motto — Agere et pati fortia. 

"Bartholomew Du Puy was the propositus of the Du Puy 
Family in the United States." 

******* 

The De Pew family is of noble origin, and has furnished 
many notable names in the history of France. 

1st Gen. — "Barthelmy Dupuy, born about 1650, was a 
trusted lieutenant in the household-guard of Louis XIV." 
. . . He went in 1699 to England, after remaining in 
Germany fourteen years. From England he came to .Amer- 
ica in 1700, "and settled in the Huguenot Colony on the 
James River in Virginia. He died some time after 1714,* 
leaving to America the example of a truly noble life." 

"jMemorials of the Huguenots in Pennsylvania," p. 81. 
Stapleton. 

♦Barthelemei Du Puy died 1743. Ed. 
391 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

1st Gen. — Countess Susanna Le Villain was of noble : 

French Norman descent. She was born in the year 1663. 
She was probably a daughter of Charles and Rachel de 
Launay, of noble birth, as there is a record of the baptism of 
their daughter "Susanne." She was married, in 1682 in 
France, to Barthelemei Dupuy. She died in 1737, in Moni- | 

can Town, Virginia, and is buried tliere. She was a lovely i 

young Countess of high rank at the Court of King Louis i 

XIV. I 

Barthelemi Du Puy, born in Upper Lanquedoc, France, | 

in 1653, became possessed, by the early death of his father, | 

of an estate in Sedan, province of Champagne. In 1671 he '* 

entered the service of Louis the Fourteenth, receiving a ' 

Lieutenant's commission in the King's Guards. Promoted ! 

to the position of Captain of the Royal Household Guards, ' « 

he retained the place fourteen years, participating in many ' ; 

battles in Flanders. Although known to be a staunch i 

Huguenot, Barthelemi Du Puy continued in favor at Court. 
He was frequently entrusted with important commissions, i 

bearing the royal signature and seal. The possession of one I 

of these orders subsequently enabled him to leave France, ■ | 

Dec, 1685, for Germany, Holland, England, 1699, and the I 

New World in 1700. In 1682 he retired from the army. He ^ 

married, in 1685 in France, the Countess Susanne La Vil- i 

lain, a Huguenot, who was born in 1663 and died in Vir- | 

ginia between Oct. 27, 1731, and March 13, 1737. They | 

resided in his chateau at Saintogue. In 1685, by the King's | 

revocation of the Edict of Nantes, the Protestants were de- | 

prived of all their rights and left wholly unprotected. Bar- 
thelemi Du Puy, in consideration of his service and the . • 
favor in which he was held, was given an opportunity to 
return to the Church of Rome. This he could not do, so ' 
taking advantage of the respite granted him, he, with his 
wife, escaped into Germany. He remained there until 1699, ' 
when he and his wife went to England. From thence, in 
1700, with two hundred Huguenots, he came to Virginia. • ' 
They settled in King William's parish on the south side of • 
the James River. This was twenty miles above Richmond, , 
at Manikin Town, the site of an ancient village of the Jvlona- \ 



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Du PuY Family 



can Indians. Captain Bartholomew Du Puy died in Vir- 
ginia between Marcli, 1742-3, and May 17, 1743. Countess 
La Villain Du Puy, his wife, died in Virginia in 1 737. "The 
Huguenot Bartholomew Du Puv and his Descendants," by 
Rev. B. H. Dupuy. p. 155-7. ' 

The Will of Bartholomew Du Puy. In the name of 
God Amen, I, Bartholomew Dupuy, of Goochland County, 
and in King \Mlliam Parrish Virginia being Sick in body, 
but of good and perfect memory thanks be to the Almighty 
God, ... do make Constitute ordain and declare this to be 
my last Will and Testament . . . Item. I give and be- 
queath to my Eldest Peter Dupuy five pounds Virginia cur- 
rency to him and his heirs forever. Item. I give and be- 
queath to my son John James Dupuy, Ten pounds Virginia 
Currency, to him and his heirs forever. Item. I give and 
bequeath to my Grandson John Bartholomew Dupuy Son 
to Peter Dupuy two pounds \'irginia Currency, to him and 
his heirs forever. Item. I give and bequeath to the poor 
of King William Parrish five pounds Current money. Item. 
;My Will and desire is that my son in Law John Levilain, 
Junior, shall be Executor of this my last Will and Testa- 
ment, and further I give and bequeath all my whole and sole 
Estate . . . unto my aforesaid son in Law John Levilain, 
to him and his heirs forever. ... As Witness mv hand 
and seal this 7th day of March 1742-3. Bartholomew 
Dupuy (seal) Signed sealed and Delivered in the pres- 
ence of us, John Gordon, Stephen Mallet, Stephen Watkins. 
At a court held for Goochland County, May, 1743, this will 
was ordered to be recorded. 

It will be remembered that Phillippa Du Puy, daughter of 
Bartholomew and Countesse Susanna La Villain, had mar- 
ried John Peter La Villain, her kinsman. Philippi Du Puy 
and John Peter La Villain, Jr., had: Marye Levilain, born 
Oct. 2, 1731. Susanna Levilain, born Mav 28, 1733. Tohn 
Levilain, born Oct. 12, 1735. All died infants. Elizabeth 
Levilam, born King Wm. Parish, Va., Nov. 28, 1737, mar- 
ried Rev. Matthew Woodson, 1758. See for this issue, and 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

fine account of Family of "Woodson," pp. 360-1, of "The 
Huguenot Bartholomew Dupuy and his Descendants." 
******* 

Deed of Land made out to Bartholomew Dupay and 
recorded in the year 1717 in Henrico County, Va. See 
"Deeds and Wills," Richmond, Va. 

"This Indenture made the first day of December in the 
year of our Lord 1717 between Jos. Callio of the county of 
Henrico and of King Wm. Parish, of the one part and Bar- 
tholomew Dupay of the County and the Parish of the other 
part Witnesseth that the said Joseph Callio for and in con- 
sideration of the sum of five shillings current money . . . 
hath bargained and sold unto the said Bartholomew Dupay 
one tract ... of land ... on the south side of James 
River containing seventy-five acres it being part of the first 
5000 acres of land surveyed for the French Refugees, and 
was granted to the said Joseph Callio by patent bearing date 
October 31st, 1716. The said seventy acres of land begin- 
ning at a lower peach tree standing near the River, parting 
the Gleeb (church) land and the said Callio, thence on the 
Gleeb line thirty five degrees, ... to a corner Poplar near | 

the River, thence up the River 26 poles to the place it began, 
including the aforesaid 75 acres of land to have and to hold 
... to him and his heirs . . . for ever. Witness where of 
he hath set his hand and affixed his seal the day and year 
above written. his 

Joseph X Callio (seal) 
mark 

Signed sealed and delivered in presence of Jno. Soane, 
Seth Ward. 

Recorded Henrico county, the 2nd Day of December 1717. 

Indenture made on the 2nd of December 1717 between 
Joseph Callio and Bartholomey Dupuy acknowledges the 
receipt of £47. 

Besides Bartholomew Du Puy, who came from France to 
Virginia in the year 1700, at the same time and presumably 
of the same family came Antoyne Du Puy, also Franqoise 






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Mrs. Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin, taken in Louisville, 
Kentucky, when she was seventeen years old. 



Du PUY FAillLY 



Du Puy, who settled at Manikin, Va., and Jean Du Puy, 
who settled in New York. This is the famous Dr. John 
Dupuy, who came by way of England and Jamaica, from 
France. 

Bartholomew and Susanne La Villain Du Puy had: 2nd 
Gen., 1. Peter Du Puy. Married Judith Le Fevre. 2. Martha 
DuPuy. Married about 1726. 3. Captain John James Du 
Puy. Married Susanne La Villon, daughter of John Peter 
La Villon. 4. Phillippa Du Puy. Died about 1738, as her 
name nowhere appears after the birth of her last child, 
1737. Married about 1730. John Le Villain, Jr. was 
vestryman of the Parish and probably son of John Le 
Villain, Senior, and hence own brother to the wife of Cap- 
tain John James Du Puy. In other words. Captain John 
James Du Puy and his sister Phillippa Du Puy married the 
daughter and the son of John Le Villain Sen. viz — Susanne 
Le Villain and John Le Villain, Jr., who were brother and 
sister, making all their children double cousins. 

2nd Gen., 1st child — Peter Du Puy, born about 1694. 
Listed in the First List of Tithable Persons in the Parish, 
1710, when he must have been 16 years of age. Married, 
about 1722, Judith Lefevre.* Died between Sept. 28, 1736, 
and May 17, 1743. Peter and Judith Lefevre Du Puy had: 

3rd Gen., 1st child — John Bartholomew Du Puy, Legatee 
in his Grandfather Bartholomew's Will, born in King Wm. 
Parish, Va., January, 1723. Married Esther Guerrant, who 
was born December 2, 1735, and was the daughter of Peter 
and Magdalene Guerrant. Peter was probably son of the 
immigrant, Daniel Guerrant. 2. James Du Puy, son of 

♦"Among the first settlers on the Delaware River were the Huguenot 
Refugee Brothers Jacques, Hypolite Le Fevre and Jean Le Fevre. Jacques 
had been an officer in the French Army." 

Madaline Le Fevre, daughter of Isaac Lefevre and of Magdaline Le 
Fevre. her father and mother, was buried on "Sunday the 26th of the 
month." This was at the Huguenot settlement in Va. and is taken from 
the old Record. This date occurs between January and August, 1724. 
Among the early Huguenot names are to be found those of Fontaine, 
Marye, Du Puy, Sublett, Watkins, Flournoy, Hatcher, Trabue, Du Val, 
Chasteen, Jeter, Pasteur, Lanier, Bernard, De Jarnette. 



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Geneai,ogy of Brief Sketches 



Peter Du Puy and Judith Lefevre Du Puy. Married Pru- 
dence Wills. Lived in Nottaway Co., Va. Had: 

4th Gen., 1st child — Lawrence Du Puy. 2. James Du 
Puy. Married Martha Mann. Moved to Mississippi. 



5th Gen., 1st child— ISIary Du Puy. Married 



Magee. 2. Matilda Du Puy. [Married Stamps. 3. 

Jonathan Ethelbert Du Puy, M. D. Born about 1800. Died 
1880. Married, 1840, Tabitha Evans. 

6th Gen., 1st child— Martha Belle Vedora Du Puy. Mar- 
ried Edward Wilkerson, 1871. 2. James Alva Du Puy. 
Born 1840. Married, 1861, Cynthia Mellard, who was born 
1847. They had 10 children. 

7th Gen., 1st child— Laura Adella Du Puy. Born 1864. 
Married, 1883, John Russell Josey. They had: 

8th Gen., 1st child — Rena Alberta Josey. Born March 
14, 1884. 2. Blanch Adella Josey. Born 1886. 3. John 
Du Puy Josey. Born 1888. 4. Mattie Lee Josey. Born 
1890. 

7th Gen., 2nd child — James Ethelbert Du Puy, son of 
James Alva and C}Tithia Mellard Du Puy. Born 1868. 
Married, 1902, Mollie Olivia Vernon, who was born 1878. 

7th Gen., 3rd child— Robert Le Roy Du Puy. Born 1870. 
Married, 1899, Bertie Daugherty, who was born 1879. They 
had: 8th Gen., 1st child— Daisy Lee Du Puy. Born 1900. 

7th Gen., 4th child— Lorena Belle Du Puy. Born 1873. 
Married, 1900, Amy Young, who was born 1873. 

7th Gen., 5th child — Joseph Lawrence Du Puy. Born 
1876. Married, 1895, Georgia Edwin Applewhite, who was 
born 1876. They had: 8th Gen., 1st child— Jettie Gladys 
DuPuy. Born 1897. 2. Laura Josey Du Puy. Born 1899. 

7th Gen., 6th child— Alva C. Du Puy. Bom 1879. 7th 
Gen., 7th child— Hallie Daisy Du Puy. Born 1881. 7th 
Gen., 8th child— Howard Eugene Du Puy. Born 1883. 7th 
Gen., 9th child— Minnie Tabitha Du Puy. Born 1886. 7th 
Gen., 10th child— Lelia Katherine Du Puy. Born 1890. 



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Du PuY Family 



3rd Gen., 3rd child — Eliza Du Puy, daughter of Peter 

and Judith Le Fevre Du Puy. Married, 1st, Hundley. 

Had: 

4th Gen., 1st child — Quintus C. Hundley. Married, 1st, 
West. Married, 2nd, Tuck. 

4th Gen., 2 — Elizabeth Hundley. Married John E. 
Trabue. 

Eliza Du Puy married, 2nd time, Thomas Atkinson,, and 
had: 

4th Gen., 3 — Frances Atkinson. 
^ 3rd Gen., 4th child— Peter Du Puy. Born Feb. 12, 1729. 
Married Elizabeth Malone. 

3rd Gen., Sth child — Mary Du Puy. Born King Wm. 

Parish, Va., Feb. 20, 1731. Married Jackson. Had: 

4th Gen., 1st child — James Jackson. 2. Magdalene Jack- 
son. 3. Joel Jackson. 4. Lucretia Jackson. 

3rd Gen., 6th child — Isaac Du Puy. Born in King Wm. 
Parish, Va., February 7th, 1733. 

3rd Gen., 7th child— Judith Du Puy. Born in King Wm. 
Parish, Va., June 24, 1734. 

3rd Gen., Sth child — Mary Magdalene Du Puy. Born 

in King Wm. Parish, Va., Sept. 28, 1736. Married 

Jackson. Had: 4th Gen., 1st child — Oily Jackson. 2. 
Esther Jackson. 3. Patience Jackson. 4. Edward Jack- 
son. 5. Jordan Jackson. 

3rd Gen., 1st child — John Bartholomew and Esther Guer- 
rant Du Puy had: 

4th Gen., 1st child — Magdalene Du Puy. Married 
Thomas Watkins, of Halifax County, Va. They had : 

Sth Gen., 1st child — Benjamin Watkins. Born Sept. 1, 
1777. Died October 28, 1864. Married Feb. 7, 1805, 
Susan Dupuy, of Prince Edward Co., Va. They lived in 
Pittsylvania Co., Va. 2. Mary Watkins. Married — Clay. 
Settled in Tennessee. 3. Joel Watkins. Born Mar. 4, 1782. 
Died Feb. 8, 1858. Married Nancy Wilson, who was born 
March 4, 1785, and died Sept. 26, 1854. 4. Thomas Wat- 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

kins. Married Leatitia Hairson. The Hairsons settled in 
Maryland and are of Scotch extract, Peter Hairson being the 
emigrant. 5. Stephen Du Puy Watkins. Born Jan. 27, 
1788. Died July 13, 1862. Married, November 21, 1816, 
Sarah Holman Du Puy. 6. Joel Watkins. Settled in Ten- 
nessee. 7. Ptolomy Lefevre Watkins. Born May 18, 1793. 
Died April 5, 1857. Married Harriet Amacia Du Puy. 

4th Gen., 2nd child — John Dupuy, Captain of Infantry. 
He lived in the S. W. portion of Prince Edward Co., Va. 
Born Feb. 20, 1756. Died Oct. 1, 1832. Married Polly 
W. Watkins. Polly was born Oct. 30, 1766. Died Aug. 4, 
1840. Was the daughter of Colonel Joel and Agnes (Mor- 
ton) Watkins, of Charlotte Co., Va.; grand-daughter of 
Thomas Watkins, of Chicahomeny; great-grand-daughter 
of Thomas Watkins, of "Swift Creek," Cumberland Co., 
Va., now Powhatan, whose Will bears date 1760. They had: 

5th Gen., 1. W^atkins Du Puy. Born September, 1784. 
DiedOct. 9, 1873. Married Elizabeth S. Walton. 2. Susan 
Du Puy. Born Jan. 6, 1786. Died Apr. 20, 1864. Married 
Benjamin W'atkins. 3. Henry Guerrant Du Puy. Born Apr. 
12, 1788. Died March 23, 1815. Married Dec. 7, 1809, 
Sarah Taylor. She died Nov. 19, 1849. They lived near 
Walker's Church, Prince Edward County, Va. They had: 
6th Gen., 1. Mary Elizabeth Du Puy. Born Dec. 17, 1810. 
Died Feb. 22, 1890. Married August 21, 1839, Spencer 
Gilliam. 2. Frances Eliza Du Puy. Bom Sept. 13, 1813. 
Married, 1837, Clayton Gilliam, who was born June 12, 
1812. They emigrated from Prince Edward Co., Va., about 
1837 and settled in Cadiz, Kentucky. 5th Gen., 4. Jane Du 
Puy, daughter of Capt. John and Mary W. Watkins Du 
Puy. Born Dec. 9, 1790. Died Nov. 2, 1870. Married 
Nicholas Edmunds. 5th Gen., 5. Mary Du Puy. Bom Oct. 
20, 1792. Died Feb. 12, 1861. Married Colonel Wm. 
Townes W^alker, who was born 1756, died 1833. They lived 
near Darlington Heights, Prince Edward Co., Va. 5th Gen., 
6. Frances Anderson Du Puy. Born Dec. 8, 1794. Died 
Apr. 20, 1831. Married John Daniel (his 2nd wife), of 
Charlotte Co., Va. 5th Gen., 7. William Hunt Du Puy. 



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Du PuY Fais^iily 



Born Mar. 11, 1796. Died Aug. 19th, 1853. Married 
Agnes Payne Ware, who was born Jan. 5, 1798. Died Aug. 
2, 1852. They moved to Kentucky and settled in Christian 
Co. in 1847. 5th Gen., 8. John'Du Puy. Born Dec. 17, 
1798. Died Apr. 12, 1873. Married Ann Beverly Daniel, of 
North Carolina. 5th Gen., 9. Joel Watkins Du Puy, M. D., 
College of Physicians and Surgeons. Born in Charlotte Co., 
Va., at the home of his maternal grand parents, Nov. 6, 
1800; died June 23, 1854. Married, Feb. 1833, Paulina 
Pocahontas Eldridge, of Brunswick Co., Va., who was born 
July 18, 1808. Died June 30, 1890, in Harrisonburg, Va., 
at the home of her son-in-law. Rev. Lewis B. Johnson. She 
was the gr.-gr.-gr.-gr.-grand-daughter of the wonderful and 
famous "Pocahontas," the Indian Princess, and was the 
daughter of Howell Eldridge and Miss Fisher, both of 
Brunswick County, Va. 

Dr. Joel Watkins Du Puy and Paulina Pocahontas 
Eldridge lived in Prince Ed. Co., Va. Had: 6th Gen., 1 st 
child — Martha Elizabeth Du Puy. Married Geo. W. Dan- 
iel, lives at Martinsville, Va.; is'about 75 (1907). 2. Dr. 
Joseph Thomas Du Puy. Lives at Ballsville, Powhatan Co., 
Va. Married, 1st, Aug. 30, 1835, Mollie Madison; had 5 
children, and 2nd, Jan. 11, 1893, Blanche Hernden; had 2 
children. 3. Powhatan Eldridge Du Puy, dec'd 1893. ^Slar- 
ried, 1866, Mary Ella Bruden, both of Richmond, Va. 4. 
Lieut. John Howell Du Puy. Killed in Confederate army, at 
22 yrs. of age, in battle of Chancellorville, Va., May 3, 1863. 
5. Paulina Pocahontas Du Puy. Married Rev. Lewis B. 
Johnston, D. D., of Halifax Co., Va. (Both dec'd in 1907.) 
Three children. 6. Josephine Du Puy. Died infancy. Joel 
Watkins Du Puy, M. D., and Paulina Pocahontas Eldridge 
Du Puy had as 7. Henry Rolfe Du Puy, Isl. D. Practiced 
medicine about Cartersville, Cumberland Co., Va., and later 
was Health Commissioner at Norfolk, Va. He built up a fine 
practice in this city. He was born November 21, 1845. He 
married. May 21, 1867, Nannie Greyson Walton, of Cum- 
berland County, Va., daughter of Dr. Richard Peyton Wal- 
ton and Mary G. Woodson. She was born April 3, 1843. 

399 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

They had: 7th Gen., 1. Mary Pocahontas Du Puy. Born 
1869. Married Charles T. Ironmonger, of Boston. They 
had: Sth Gen., 1st child — Mary Greyson Ironmonger. Born 
1894. 2. Nannie Cortlandt Ironmonger. Born 1896. 7th 
Gen., 2. Nannie Cortlandt Du Puy. Born 1871. Married 
Edmund Foster, of Boston, Mass. 3. Rolfe Walton Du 
Puy. Married Louise R. Walker, of Danville, Ky. 4. 
Howell Elridge Du Puy. Born 1875. 5. Richard Peyton 
Du Puy. Died infancy. Line of Joel Watkins Du Puy, 
M. D., and Paulina Eldridge Du Puy continued: 

6th Gen., Sth child — Ella Nash Du Puy. Born February 
16,1851. Unmarried. 6th Gen., 9. Joel'Watkins Du Puy. 
Born Feb. 2, 1846. Married Martha Ryals, both of Murphy, 
Miss. Married March 31,' 1878. Martha Ryals was born 
June 19, 1856. 10. Alice Townes Du Puy. Married Will- 
iam C. Kean, of Goochland Co., Va., Oct. 7, 1879, and had: 
7th Gen., 1st child— Nellie P. Kean. Born Sept. 24, 18S0. 
2. Leonara Lavinia Kean. Born Sept. 30, 1882. 3. Otho 
Tecumseh. Born Dec. 17, 1886. 

Line of Captain John Du Puy and Mary (Polly) W. 
Watkins Du Puy: Sth Gen., 10th child — Agnes Du Puy. 
Born May 27, 1802. Died Feb. 12, 1812. 11. Elizabeth 
G.DuPuy. Born Feb. 12, 1804. Died Feb. 8, 1852. Mar- 
ried James Henry Du Puy. Moved to Tennessee. 12. 
James Lefevre Dupuy. For many years an Elder in the 

Presbyterian Church. Born Sept. 22, 1807. Died . 

Married Amanda B. Butler. 13. Joseph Thomas Du Puv. 
Born Feb. 24, 1812. Died May 1, 1831. 

Line of John Bartholomew Du Puy and Esther Guerrant 
continued: 4th Gen., 3rd child — James Du Puy. Captain 
in Infantry in the Revolutionary War. Heir of the famous 
old sword, which he bequeathed to his grandson. He was a 
very prominent citizen of Nottaway Co., Va., which he rep- 
resented in the State Legislature for twenty consecutive 
years. He was bom May 5, 1758. Died June 30, 1823. 
Married, 1782, Mary Purnell, who was born March 13, 
1763. Died Feb. 15, 1828. She was daughter of William 

400 



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Du PuY Family 



Purnell. James and Mary Pumell Du Puy had : 5th Gen., 
1st child— Ann Lefevre Du Puy. Born Mar. 9, 1784. Mar- 
ried, 1st, Dabnev Morris; 2nd, M. E. Jeffress. 3rd, T. 
Wooten. 2. Mary Purnell Du Puy. Born Feb. 7, 1786. 
Married, 1st, Robert Dickinson, who was born Nov. 25, 
1767. DiedDec. 25, 1818. Married, 2nd, T. Jeter. 3. Asa 
Du Puy, Presiding Justice of Prince Edward Co., Va. Bom 
January 7, 1788. ' Died January 2, 1848. Married, Jan. 12, 
1837, Emily Howe, of Princeton, Mass., who was born Jan. 
28, 1811. Died Dec. 26, 1883. Lived near Marble Hill, 
Prince Edward Co., Va. 4. William Jones Du Puy, M. D., 
Philadelphia College of Physicians and Surgeons. Born 
May 17, 1792. Died December 13, 1853. Married, Jan. 
30, 1817, Jane S.Ruffin, who was born July 26, 1800. Died. 
December 9, 1870. She was the second child of George 
Ruffin, of William Co., Va., born 1765, who was the son of 
Edmund Rufiin, of Va., who had married Lady Jane Skip- 
with, daughter of Sir William Skipwith, of Prestwould, 
Mecklenburg Co., Va., sixth baronet, died 1764, married 
Elizabeth Smith. Sir William Skipwith descended from 
John De Mowbray, fourth Baron Mowbray, Lord of the Isle 
of Axholme, died 1368. He married Lady Elizabeth 
Segrave, only child of John, third Lord Segrave and of Lady 
Margaret Plantaganit, Duchess of Norfolk, his wife, who 
died 1399 ; daughter of Thomas de Brotherton, Earl of Nor- 
folk, Earl of Marshal of England (who married Lady Alice, 
daughter of Sir Roger Halys, of Harwich) ; son of 
Edward I, King of England, and his second wife, Margaret, 
daughter of Philip III, King of France. They lived in Not- 
taway County, Va. 

"Americans of Royal Descent," 2nd Edition, p. 301, 
gives: Dr. William Jones Du Puy, of Nottoway County, 
Virginia, married Jane Skipworth Ruffin, and had: Re- 
becca (Cook Dupuy). Born Nov. 29, 1817. George Ruffin 
Dupuy. Born Dec' 17, 1820. John James Du Puy, M. D. 
Born Dec. 14, 1822. Julian (not correct). William (Alex- 
ander Du Puy). Born Oct. 18, 1835. Anna W(ood) Du- 
puy, who married Charles L. C. Du Puy. Mary Jane Du 

401 



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GENEAI.OGY, WITH BrIEF SKETCHES 

Puy. Born May 1, 1829. Married John (H.) Marshall, of 
Mobile, Alabama. Jane Skipworth Ruffin is a direct de- 
scendant of Charlemagne, Emperor of the West. George 
Ruffin, of Prince Wm. Co., Va., born 1765, was the only son 
of Lady Jane Skipwith and Edmund Ruffin, of Prince Will- 
iam Co., Va. George Ruffin married, 1st, Jane Lucas. 
Married, 2nd, Rebecca Cocke. George and Rebecca had: 
1. Edmund Ruffin. Born 1794. Died 1865. 2. Jane Skip- 
with Ruffin. Married Dr. Wm. Jones Dupuy. 

"History of Bristol Parish," Slaughter, p. 225-30, gives: 
Mary Jane Trabue, of Chesterfield Co., Va., married Don- 
ald Harrison, son and 6th child of Edmund Harrison, of 
Amelia Co., and Martha Skipwith Harrison. They had: 1. 
Edmund Harrison. 2. Fanny Ann Harrison. 3. Macon 
Harrison. 4. Elizabeth Randolph Harrison. 5. Patsy 
Skipwith Harrison. 6. Mary Trabue Harrison. 7. Wm. 
Henry Harrison. 8. Benjamin Harrison. Martha Skipwith 
was daughter of Henry, born 1751, married 1772, and 

(Wayles) Skipwith. "Henry Skipwith mar. 1772 

widow of Bathurst Skelton who was dau. of John 

Wayles, lawyer, & the sister of Mrs. Thos. Jefferson." 
"Henry Skipwith was son of Sir. Wm. b. 1707' & Elizabeth 
(Smith) Skipwith, only dau. of Jno. Smith, High Sheriff of 
Middlesex Co., Va." 

5th Gen., 5th child — Elizabeth Guerrant Du Puy. Bom 
Jan. 17th, 1795. Married B. Osborne. 6. John Purnell 
Dupuy. Born Feb. 22, 1796. Died Dec. 27, "l851. Lived 
near Burkeville, Va. Died unm. 7. Joseph Du Puy, 
Colonel in the Militia before the Civil War. Born Dec. 12, 
1797. Died Jan. 18, 1867. Married, 1st, May 15, 1834, 
Mary Du Puy Edmunds, who died Aug. 27, 1839, no issue. 
Married, 2nd, December 21, 1842, Sarah Watkins Walker, 
who died Aug. 8, 1864. Lived in the vicinity of "Marble 
Hill," Prince Edward Co., Va. 8. James Henry Du Puy. 
Born July 19, 1801. Died Apr. 4, 1855. Married Eliza- 
beth G. Du Puy. Lived at "Marble Hill," Prince Edward 
Co., Va. Moved to West Tennessee, and thence to S. E. 



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Du PuY Family 



Missouri. 9. Elizabeth Catherine Du Puy. Born Aug. 30, 
1803. Died young. 10. Elvira Du Puy. Born Oct. 27, 
1805. Died Sept. 1, 1878. Married, May 29, 1827, Colonel 
Richard Beverly Eggleston, of Amelia Co., Va., who was 
born Feb. 27, 1797. Died Aug. 12, 1853 (Irish descent). 
******* 
-Ith Gen., 4th child — Peter Du Puy, Lieutenant of 
Infantry in the Revolution. Born 1768. Died about 1852. 
Married, November 14, 1789, Margaret Martin. They 
moved from Nottaway County to Powhatan Co., Va., in 
1797. Then moved again in 1818 to Richmond, Va. The 
family occupied their residence on Church Hill, Richmond, 
in 1836, and it was broken up in 1853. They had 15 chil- 
dren. See "The Huguenot Bartholomew Du Puy, and his 

Descendants." 

******* 

1st. Gen. Bartholomew Du Puy. 2nd Gen., 1st child — 
Peter Du Puy. ISIarried, about 1722, Judith Lefevre. 3rd 
Gen., 4th child — Peter Du Puy. Born 1729. Married Eliza- 
beth Malone. 4th Gen., 4th child — Colonel John IVIalone 
Du Puy. Married, 1st, Nancy Du Puy. 2nd, Elizabeth 
Hall. 5th Gen., 9th child— Eliza Ann Du Puy (mother was 
Elizabeth Hall). Born in Petersburg, Va., 1814. Spent 
much of her life in Kentucky. Died in New Orleans, La., 
1881. Was a voluminous writer of fiction, author of about 
forty novels and novelettes, "The Huguenot Exiles" (Har- 
per & Bro., New York) being one of her best. Line of Bar- 
tholomew and Countesse Susanne La Villain Du Puy con- 
tinued: 2nd Gen., 2nd child — Martha Du Puy. Married 
about 1726, in King William Parish, Stephen Chastain, 
who died prior to his wife in King Wm. Parish, Goochland 
Co., Va. Martha Dupuy died between April 23 and ^lay 
20, 1740. 

Line of Bartholomew Du Puy and Countesse Susanna La 
Villain Du Puy continued: 2nd Gen., 3rd child — Captain 
John James Du Puy. Born probably 1698, as he was first 
listed in 1714. Married Susanna Le Villain, who was liv- 
ing at the time of her husband's death. 






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Gene.vlogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Minutes 1755-1762, Henrico County Court, August, 
1757." At County Clerk's Office, Richmond, Virginia. 

"On motion of John James Du puy, who took the Oath 
required by Law Certificate for . . . Letters of Admin- 
istration on the Estate of IMartha Cocke,* dec'd, in due form 
is granted him and there-upon he entered into Bond with 
security, according to Law." 

Captain John James Du Puy and Susanna La Villain 
had: 3rd Gen., 1st child — Olympia Du Puy. Born King 
Wm. Parish, Va., November 12, 1729. Died aged 93 years 
at the home of her son, Edward Trabue, Woodford Co., Ky. 
Married, 1744, John James Trabue, born 1722, son of 
Anthony Trabue and Magdalene Flournoy Trabue. She 
died Henrico County, Va., November, 1731, and was the 
daughter of Jacob Flournoy. Anthony Trabue, born near 
Montauban, France, escaped to Holland 1687, and emi- 
grated to England, thence to America and settled in King 
William Parish, Va., in 1701. He died there in 1724, aged 
56 or 57 years, leaving five children — Anthony, Jacob, John 
James, Judith and Magdalene. In the Virginia Land Reg- 
istry are the following records: Anthony Trabue, March 18, 
1717, 522 acres on the great fork of Swift Creek; Anthony 
Trabue, March 23, 1715, 163 acres. South Side James river, 
Henrico Co., Va. He was for many years a Church Warden 
in King William Parish. 3rd Gen., 2. Bartholomew Du 
Puy. Married Mary Mottley. Moved to Kentucky from 
Amelia Co., Va. His will was dated June 5, 1790. Wood- 
ford Co., Kentucky, and is still preserved by his children. 
3rd Gen., 3. Susanna Du Puy. Born Apr. 25, 1734. Died 
before 1775. See Will of her Father. Married James 
Lockett, who died later than 1775. 3rd Gen., 4. Mary Du 
Puy. Born Feb. 26, 1736. ^larried Benjamin Hatcher. 
They had: 4th Gen., 1. Benjamin Hatcher. 2. Susanna 
Hatcher. 3rd Gen., 5. Rev. John Du Puy. Born King 
Wm. Parish, Va., March 17, 1738. Died Shelby\'ille, Ken- 

*This was administration on the estate of his sister Martha Du Puy 
Chastain's ist child Mary's mother-in-law, Martha Cocke, for Mary Mag- 
dalene Chastain had married, 1742, James Cocke, the son of James Powell 
Cocke and his wife Martha Cocke. 

404 



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Du PuY Family 



tucky, September 7, 1831. Married Elizabeth Minter, who 
was born Sept. 27, 1756. Died January 3, 1838. The old 
"Du Puy's Meeting House," a Baptist church located in the 
Eastern part of Powhatan Va. took its name from this man, 
who, during the time that its pastor. Rev. David Tinsley, 
was seized by the hand of persecution and incarcerated in 
the Chesterfield prison, was so stirred up at the forlorn con- 
dition of the church that he began, first as an exhorter, and 
afterward entered the ministry. . . . He moved to 
Kentucky and became a member of Clear Creek Church, 
Woodford Co., in 1784. 3rd Gen., 6. Elizabeth Du Puy. 
Born King \Vm. Parish, Va., Sept. 4, 1740. Married, late in 
life, Thomas Atkinson. 4th Gen., 1st child — John Atkin- 
son. 2. Nancy Atkinson. 3. Patsy Atkinson. 3rd Gen., 7. 
Rev. James Du Puy (Baptist). Emigrated from Powhatan 
Co., Va., to Kentucky, about 1786, and joined Clear Creek 
Church, Oldham Co. He was born in King \Vm. Parish, 
Va., January 29th, 1745. Died May 5, 1837. Married, 
October 16, 1776, Anne Starke, who was daughter of Major 
John Starke, of Va. She died June 11, 1833. 3rd Gen., 8. 
Martha Du Puy. Born King Wm. Parish, Va., May 21, 
1747. Married' James Foster. They had: 4th Gen., 1. 
George Foster. 2. Susanna Foster. 3. Mary Foster. These 
three children were legatees in their Grandfather Captain 
John James Du Puy's Will, dated 1775. 

WILL. 

Cumberland Co., Va. Dated 9 d. February 1775. I, John 
James Du Puy, of the Parish of King William and Cumber- 
land Counties being in perfect sence and memory thanks to 
Almighty God, do make this my last will and testament 
. . . Imprimis I give ... to my son Bartholomew Du 
Puy four hundred acres of land in Amelia County it being 
the land whereon he now lives. To my granddaughter 
Susanna Du Puy, daughter of my son Bartholomew Du Puy 
. . . when she shall attain the age of 18 years. . . . To my 
son John Du Puy two hundred acres of land . . . also 
three hundred acres of the tract I now dwell on. . . . To 









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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

my son James Du Puy the remainder of the tract of land I 
now dwell on: . . . also the two hundred acres of land I 
bought of my brother Peter Du Puy. ... To my daughter 
Olimph Trabue two hundred acres of land on Ellises fork 
Amelia County, the land being already in her possession. 
To my grandson Benjamin Hatcher one hundred and ninety 
acres of land. To my daughter Mary Hatcher, the follow- 
ing negroes, — ... To my daughter Elizabeth Du Puy 
two hundred acres of land . . . I lend, to my daughter 
Martha Foster during her life one hundred and ninety acres 
of land. . . . Togrand-daughter Susanna Foster 30£, when 
she shall be eighteen years of age. ... To my grandson 
John Locket, son of my daughter Susanna Lockett, two 
hundred acres of land which liis father James Locket has 
now. ... To my grandsons James, Joel, and Brittaen 
Locketts, sons of my daughter Susanna Locket deceased, 
60£ current money to be equally divided among them when 
they are twenty one years of age. To my Grand-daughter 
Susanna Trabue 30£, when eighteen years of age ... To 
my grand-daughter Susanna Hatcher 30£ . . . when she 
shall be 18 years of age. To my grand-daughter Mary 
Foster 20£, . . . when 18 years of age. Executors My 
two sons Bartholomew Du Puy, James Du Puy, and my 
son in law Benjamin Hatcher. Signed John Ja. Dupuy 
L. S. Wit. Wm. Street, James Bryant, Junr., Benjamin 
Watkins. Recorded Cumberland Co., 27th February, 1775. 

Line of Bartholomew Du Puy and Countess Susanne La 
Villain Du Puy continued: 2nd Gen., 4th child — Philippa 
Dupuy. Married John Le Vilain. They had: 3rd Gen., 
1st child— Marye Le Vilain. Born October 2, 1731. 2. 
Susanna Levilain. Born May 28, 1733. 3. John Levilain. 
Born Oct. 12, 1735. All died infants. 4. Elizabeth 
Levilain. Born King Wm. Parish, Va., November 28, 1737. 
Died "Dover," Goochland Co., Va., December 13, 1803. 
Elizabeth married 1758, Rev. ^Matthew Woodson born 1731. 
Died about 1800. They settled the famous "Dover Farm" 
on James River, Goochland Co., Va., about 18 miles above 
Richmond. Rev. Matthew Woodson was Chaplain of the 

406 



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1st Regiment, from Fredericksburg, Va., in the Army of the 
Revolution, under the immediate command of General 
George Washington. He was son of Stephen, 4th Gen., and 
Elizabeth (Branch) Woodson. Stephen was son of John, 
3rd Gen., and Judith (Tarlton) Woodson. John was son of 
Robert, 2nd Gen., and Elizabeth (Ferris) Woodson. Robert 
was son of Dr. John, 1st Gen., and Sarah ( ) Wood- 
son, who was a native of Dorsetshire, England, and the 
Progenitor of the Woodson family in the United States, and 
who, as a Surgeon, with his wife, whom he married in Dor- 
setshire, emigrated to America, in 1619, in the ship 
"George." In 1623 he was listed as Surgeon of the "Flour 
De Hundred" Colony in Virginia. In 1644 he was killed in 
sight of his house by Indians, who had called him out appar- 
ently to see the sick. After killing him they attacked his 
home, which was defended by his wife and a shoemaker 
named Ligon. ... He had two sons, John Woodson and 
Robert Woodson, and this 2nd son, Robert Woodson, forms 
part of the chain down to Reverend Matthew Woodson. 

Baptismal Register. A few of the entries. There are 
thirty-six of the Births, and five of the Deaths. They were 
thorough French people and spoke only the Frencli lan- 
guage. We find in the hands of the Historical Society of 
Virginia the old French Church register kept in the old 
Huguenot Church in !Mankinlo\\Ti. It consists of 24 pages 
of foolscap paper, written in French, and gives the Baptisms 
made in the Church of the French refugees, dated March 
25th, 1721, James Soblet (clerk). It gives the Baptism of a 
large number of refugees' children, and from this register 
we translate the following: 

9th Entry — The 12th of November was born Olimpe 
Dupue a daughter of Jean James Dupue and of Susanna 
La Villom Dupue, was baptized by Mr. Swift, had for god- 
father Jean La Villion and for god-mother Philipe Depue 
and Judith Depue. The parties have declared that the child 
was born the day and year above. ]ea^ Chastain, Clerk. 

Olimpia Dupuy was grand-daughter of Bartholomew 
Dupuy. 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Le 4 Janiver 1732 was born Joseph Trabue son of Jacob 
Trabue and of Marie Trabue, his wife. 

The 28th of August 1735 was born Jean Trabue a son of 
Jacob Trabue and Marie Trabue. 

The 10th Xber. 1735 was born Davis Trabue, son of 
Jacob Trabue and Marie Trabue, his wife, had for god- 
father Antoine Trabue and Edward Woohirig, for god- 
mother Judith Trabue. 

The 24th March was born Elizabeth Trabue, daughter of 
Jacob Trabue, had for god-father Jean Trabue, for god- 
mother Elizabeth Sally, daughter of Abraham Sally and 
Elizabeth Sally daughter of Guilliame Sally. 

Jean Chastian, Clerk. 

The 14th October 1753 was born Daniel Trabue, son of 
Jacob Trabue and Marie, his wife. 

Death Register. 

January 29th 1724 died the Sieur Anthony Trabue aged 
56 or 57 years old was buried on the 30th of the same. 

J. Soblet, Clerk. 

There is no record of the marriages in Mankinto'R'n in 
the Church register, and we suppose that part has been lost. 
The name Trabue upon the register is spelled Trabu, leav- 
ing out the "e," and also spelled Trabut and later Trabue. 

Line of ' : 

HERBERT DUPUY, ' 

OF Pittsburg, Penna. 

"The Huguenot Bartholomew Dupuv and his Descend- 
ants," by Rev. H. B. Du Puy, p. 391:' 

Peter Matson 1674 married Catherine Rambo. In 1676 
Peter Matson received a grant of land in Philadelphia of 
300 acres. This was called "Clover Hill," and is now 
Gray's Ferry. "Clover Hill" became the home of the Du 
Puys for one hundred and fifty years. Peter and Catherine 
had: Margaret Matson married Peter Cox. They had: 
Eleanor Cox. Born 1719. Died 1805. Married, 1st, Rev. 






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Du PuY Family 



John Dylander, Rector of Swedes Church, Phila., Pa. Died 
1741. Married 2nd, 1746, Daniel DuPuy, of Phila., Pa., 
j manufacturer of gold and silver. Born New York City 

I May 10, 1719. Member of Christ Church, Phila., Pa. 

I Died August 30, 1807, in Phila., and is buried in Christ 

I Church Graveyard. Daniel Du Puy, who married Eleanor 

1 Cox Dylander, was 2nd son of Dr. John Dupuy, an eminent 

[ Surgeon of N. Y. City. He was a Huguenot Refugee of 

I about 1713, having come from England by the way of 

t Jamaica. He was born in France 1679. Died in N. Y. 

: City 1744, and is buried in Trinity Church (city) grave- 

yard. Married Ann Chardavoine, of Saujon, in Saintogne, 
■ France. Born 1693. Died 1764. Ann Chardavoine was 

daughter of Elie Chardavoine, who was married in the 
Huguenot Church of N. Y. City August 24, 1692, to Anne 
Vallcau from LTsle de Re. Daniel Dupuy and Eleanor 
Cox Dylander Du Puy had as 2nd son, Daniel Dupuy, of 
Phila., Pa. Born in' Philadelphia May 3, 1753. Died 
there July 30, 1826. Married, October 23, 1783 ?slary 
Meredith. Born 1757. Died 1832. Daughter of Charles 
Meredith. Born 1719. Died 1783. A man prominent in 
his day. 

William Richards, of Batsto, New Jersey. Born 1738. 
Died 1823. Had: Elizabeth Richards, b. 1771, d. 1857, 
who was the 2nd wife (married 1799), to Rev. Thomas 
Haskins. Thomas Haskins married, 1st, Martha Potts, 
born 1764, died 1789. Thomas and Martha were married 
in 1785. She died 1789, leaving a daughter, Sarah Has- 
kins. Rev. Thomas Haskins, of Dorchester, Maryland, 
was educated for the Bar. He was born 1760. Died 1816. 
Sarah Haskins married Jesse Richards, of Batsto. Thomas 
Haskins had by his 2nd wife, Elizabeth Richards Haskins, 
Mary Richards Haskins. Born 1800. Died 1858. Mary 
Richards Haskins, born 1800, Died 1858, married, May 
18th, 1820 John Dupuv, merchant, who was born Phila., 
Pa., May 2nd, 1789. Died Phila., Pa., February 25, 1865, 
who was son of Daniel Du Puy and ^Mary Meredith. John 
Du Puy, of New York city, and Mary Richards Haskins 

409 






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Genealogy of Brief Sketches 



had: Charles Meredith Dupuy,'^ Vice President of the 
Huguenot Society of America. Born Phila., Pa., Decem- 
ber 14, 1823. Married, June 16, 1853, Ellen Maria 
Reynolds. They had: Herbert Dupuy, of Pittsburg, 
Penna. Metallurgical Chemist; Ivlanufacturer of Steel. 
Born Chicago, Ill.,"May 10, 1856. Married Amy Hostetter 
November 6, 1879. She was born January 22, 1858. Her- 
bert and Amy Hostetter Dupuy had: 1. Harry Wilfred 
Dupuy. Born September 27, 1880. 2. Eleanor Dupuy, 
3. Amy Dupuy. Twins. Born August 22, 1882. 4. 
Charles iSleredith Dupuy. Born June 24, 1884. 

Dupurs 

WHO CAilE FROil 

Nicholas and Catharina Renard Dupui or Du Puy 
New York, 1662 

"History of Wavne, Pike and Monroe Counties, Penna.," 
p. 1054: 

"The Du Puis were not of Holland but French origin. 
... In 1685 they came to America . . . but in the list of 
early emigrants to New Netherland (New York) occurs the 
following: 

" 'Oct. 1662, in the ship "Pemberton Church" Nicholas 
Du Pui, from Artois, France, and wife and three children.' " 

"Patents granted by the Dutch government of New York 
from 1630-1664 one to Nicholas De Puis for a plantation 
on Staten Island, dated 19th March, 1663." 

"Abstract of the Will of Nicholas De Puis, of New York, 
dated Oct. 13th, 1685." 

Nicholas and Catharina (Renard) Dupui came from 
Artois, France, 1662 and settled on the site of the Produce 
Exchange in New York city. 

Benjamin Depue, Jr., great-grandson of Nicholas, was 
born at Esopus, now Kingston, N. Y., June, 1729. Moved 
td Lower Mount Bethel, Northampton Co., Pa., 1765, and 
died there, Sept. 26, 1811. 

*For fine account of Charles Meredith Dupuy and his wife, see page 
393 of "The Huguenot Bartholomew Du Puy and his Descendants." 



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Du PUY FAillLY 



Vol. 3, page 75, New York Colonial MSS.," by Jno. 
Brodhead : 

Among those who swore allegiance in New York occurs 
the name Nicholaus Dupuis, Oct. 21, 1664. 

"New York Colonel MSS.," Vol. 4, p. 941 : 

In a list of freeholders & Inhabitants of Ulster Co. New 

York occurs the name of Moses Dupuie. Taken at citty of 

New York 30 Dec. 1701. 

"Society of Colonial Wars, 1907-1911," p. 341: 
"Du Puy, Nicholas, 1682-1745. In Capt. William Not- 
tingham's company of Militia at i\Iarbletown, Colonel Jacob 
Rutsen's Ulster county Regiment, 1715." Any one lineally 
descended in the male or female line from the above 
Ancestor may be elected to the Society of Colonial Wars. 

"Society of Colonial Wars, 1907-1911," p. 341: 

"Du Puy, Nicholas, 1691. In Capt. Cornelius 

Steenwreck's Company, 1673. Enrolled for service against 
the English. Any one lineally descended in the male or 
female line from the above Ancestor may be elected to the 
Society." 

"Society of Colonial Wars, 1907-1911," p. 341 : 
"Du Puy— Moses 1657—. In Capt. William Hide's 
company, Albany, New York, 1697-'98." Any one lineally 
descended in the male or female line from the above Ances- 
tor may be elected to the Society. 

"Register of Kingston, New York," by Hoes, p. 18: 
Moses de Puy and his wife Maria Wyncoop's child Nica- 
laus 3 Dec. 1682. Nicolaus de Puy and his wife are Wit- 
nesses and sponsors. Moses de Puy and his wife Maritie 
WjTicoop's child Cathrina bap 6 April 1684. Nicolaus de 
Puy sponsor, and Cathrina de Vos. Moses du Puy and 
wife Maritie Wyncoop's Magdalena baptized March 14. 
1686. Moses du Puits & Maria Wynkoop"s Cornelius, bap- 
tized January 1, 1688. Johannes Wynkoop & Evert Wyn- 
koop are Witnesses and sponsors. "Register of Kingston," 
by Hoes, p. 45: Moses de Puy and Harritje Wynkoop's 

411 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Benjamin baptized Oct. 1695. P. 63: Moses du Puy and 
Maria W}-ncoop's Catharina, baptized 30 Nov. 1701. "The 
New York Historical So. Collections, Vol. 1," p. 191: 
"Whereas at a Court of Record held on the 14th of July 
last, the last will of Nicholas Du Puis, deceased, was 
proved. Letters of Administration are granted to his widow, 
Catalina Du Puis, Sep. 5, 1691." P. 463: "Will Nicho- 
las Du Puis, Dutch) I . . . residing in the city of New 
York, wife Catalyna, children, Jan, Moses, Susanah, and 
Nicholas. Dated Oct. 13, 1685. Proved July 14, 1691." 

Samuel De Pew, 1697 located at Shawnee, Monroe Co., 
Pa., had: Samuel De Pui. Born 1717 (24 yrs of age in 
1741). Married. v'Died June 15, 1766, aged 49 yrs. Also 
Nicholas De Pui, 2nd son of Samuel. Born about 1705. 
Married about 1727. Settled above Easton on the Delaware 
River 1725, afterwards called Smithiield. Had: Nicholas 
du Pui, 3rd, commander of fort and commissary. Born 8, 
19, 1728, Smithfield. Died 4, 23, 1808. Had: Robert R. 
De Puy, of Stroudsburg. Nicholas De Pew Sr. Born Aug. 
19,1728. Died Apr. 25, 1808, in his 69th yr. (One author- 
ity has it "Born 1740," &c.) Married Eleanor , 

about 1775. "He was Commander of the Fort, and Com- 
missary." "He was one of the noblest works of God, a 
truly honest man." "He was a member of the Council of 
Safety which met Dec. 24, 1774, at Easton to consider the 
threatening relations af the Colonies with the Mother coun- 
try." His grave is at Shawnee, ISIonroe Co., Pa., and this 
inscription is on it. "Penna. Arch, 2nd Series," p. 793: 
"Nicholas Dupui Justice of the Peace Northampton Co. 
Penna." Mar. 9, 1774. "Delaware Water Gap," Broad- 
head, p. 237:- Nicholas Depui had son Samuel Depui; 
had son, Nicholas Depui; had son, Nicholas Depui; had 
son, Robert Reading Depui. 

"Memorials of the Huguenots," Stapleton, p. 81: Near 
the Delaware Water Gap, in ^Monroe Co. (Penna.), are the 
Minisink Flats. . . . The Minisink settlers were mostly 
Huguenots from Esopus, on the Hudson River. Prior to the 



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English occupancy they had constructed a wagon road 
through the wilderness from Esopus to the Water Gap on 
the Delaware, a distance of one hundred miles, over which 
they conveyecl minerals and other products from the Dela- 
ware to the Hudson River. "History of Wayne, Pike and 
Monroe Cos., Penna.," p. 1049: "It is generally admitted 
that Nicholas De Pui was the first permanent resident of 
Smithfield and of the Pennsylvania portion of the Minisink; 
that he located here in 1725, purchased a large body of land 
from the natives the second year after, and repurchased a 
portion of the same land of William Allen in 1733." 
"Nicholas du Pui, son of Samuel, was a man of considerable 
means and ability. Count Zinzendorf, the eminent founder 
of the Moravian Church in America, visited him in 1742. 
He was accompanied by his devoted wife and several 
others." Count Zinzendorf says: "We found at the ven- 
erable Du Pui's great hospitality and plenty of the neces- 
saries of life. The first thing that struck our admiration 
was a grove of apple trees of size beyond any near Phila- 
delphia." "Nicholas De Pui, Sr., was a member of the 
Council of Safety which met December 24, 1774, at Easton 
to consider the threatening relations of the colonies with the 
Mother country." All this locality was then called Smith- 
field. 

Samuel De Pew located on the New Jersey side of the 
Delaware River in 1697 above the Delaware Water Gap. 
Later he purchased a large tract of land from the Indians 
on the Pennsylvania side on which the village of Shawnee is 
now situated." At the old church in Shawnee, built where 
stood the first fort and church, we stood one beautiful Sep- 
tember day, and looking for the graves of these early pio- 
neers, we found them. We saw in the walls of the church, 
one of the apertures through which they defended them- 
selves when the hostile bands of Indians attacked them. 
Nicholas De Pui, son of Samuel, born about 1705, married 
about 1727, settled above Easton, on the Delaware, 1725. 
He bought these lands from the Indians where Shawnee, 
Monroe County, now stands. This was one hundred miles 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

from New York, as well as one hundred miles from Phila- 
delphia. This account is given by Samuel Preston in a 
narrative. He says he received it from John Lukens, who 
as a lad accompanied Nicholas Scull upon his tour. Nicho- 
las Scull was an early surveyor and trusted man of affairs. 
Nicholas De Pui was ^Magistrate in 1747, and erected tlie 
first grist mill in 1743. Nicholas Du Pui, Commander of 
fort and Commissary. Born 8, 19, 1728, Smithfield. Died 
4, 23, 1808. Lieutenant Moses Du Puy. Born 1718. Died 
1802 at Rochester, New York. Served in Ulster County 
Militia. Cornelius Depuy, son of Moses, enlisted at 16 
years of age. Nicholas De Pui was a Huguenot, and fled 
from France to Holland in the year 1685. . . . Many of 
the (French) exiles found a home in America: among them 
were three brothers, Nicholas De Pui, Ephraim De Puy and 
Abraham De Puy, or De Pui, as the name was originally 
written, who first 13ed to Holland, then to America, and 
made their way up the Hudson to Esopus. (These were 
three brothers and sons of Samuel De Puy.) We have no 
certain account of any permanent settlement made in the 
Pennsylvania portion of the Minisink earlier than that of 
Nicholas De Pui, a Huguenot, in 1725. His two brothers 
came at the same time and located in the New Jersey portion 
of the Minisink. Abram De Puy, brother of Nicholas, aft- 
erwards moved down the Delaware and purchased prop- 
erty on the Pennsylvania side opposite Foul Reef, of whom 
Judge David A. Dupuy, of New Jersey, is a descendant. 
Ephraim De Puy, brother of Nicholas and Abraham. 
Ephraim located on the Hudson River, New York. 

Will of Nicholas Depui, dated 1745, mentions 1. Moses 
Du Pui, and his eldest son Nicholas. 2. Aaron Du Pui. 3. 
Samuel Du Pui retained the homestead of his father. Was 
called Dupui's Fort. He was a very strong man. 4. Daniel 
Du Pui. 5. Catherina Du Pui. Married Rosenkrans and 
had 5 children — 1. Hendrikus. 2. Harnod. 3. Garret. 4. 
Benjamin. 5. Moses. 6. Susanna Du Pui. 7. ^Magda- 
lena Du Pui. 8. Johanna Du Pui. 9. Elizabeth Du Pui. 
Du Puy's (home) was visited immediately after the break- 









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ing out of the War in January, 1756, by Captain Isaac 
Wayne, who went there in command of some soldiers by 
order of Benjamin Franklin. "At 7 P. M. we came to 
Samuel Dupuy's. Mr. Dupuy was not at home, but his son 
was keeping house. Soldiers were kept at Du Puy's during 
the active Indian hostilities, and in Feb. 1760 Ensign 
Hughes was there with twenty-three men and Mr. Du Puy 
acted as Commissary. The fort at Du Puy's performed 
very valuable services in protecting the settlers while har- 
vesting and securing their crops." ISIoses Depue, 2 mo., 
14, 1737, desires a grant of a tract of land. Page 85, Vol. 1, 
"3rd Ser. Penna. Archives." Nicholas Depue, 3 mo. 29th, 
1737, attends a council in Phila. to settle some dispute of 
Daniel Brodhead and tlie Indians. "N. Depue had been 
their trusty loving friend and had often redressed and 
relieved them from the wrongs done to them by the said 
Brodhead." Page 86, Vol. 1, "3rd Ser. Penna. Archives." 
Aaron Dupui, Esq. about Apr. 13, 1771. 218 acres, near 
Shawanese Town (Shawnee). Page 325, Vol. 1, "3rd Ser. 
Penna. Archives." Aaron Depui is dead by 5th April, 1785, 
for his son appears in court at that time claiming his lands. 
Aaron Dupuy, Justice of the Peace, Oct. 15, 1760 — of. 
Smithfield (a part of Shawnee). "Penna. Archives, 2nd 
Series," page 793. Aaron Dupui, Justice of the Peace in 
Northampton Countv, Penna., June 9, 1752. November 27, 
1757. November 19, 1764. 

Moses Du Puy, Jr., probably a brother of Nicholas Sr., 
was a Justice of the Peace for Bucks County in 1747, and 
many years thereafter. He was Ensign, also, 2nd Lieuten- 
ant in the Revolutionarv War, and served in the Rochester, 
Ulster Co., Militia. Was born Jan. 21,1718. Died Sep. 2, 
1802, at Rochester, N. Y. Cornelius Du Puy, of N. Y., 
son of Moses, enlisted at 16 years of age. Ephraim Du 
Puy, 1st Lieutenant, Rocliester, N. Y. Born Jan. 15, 1755. 
Moses Du Puy, Ensign and 2nd Lieutenant. Born Jan. 28, 
1754, Rochester, N. Y. "Nicholas De Pui, Jr., and Benja- 
min De Pui were members of the Committee of Safety, and 
during the Revolutionary War were officers in the Conti- 
nental Service." 



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Gene.'Vlogy, with Brief Sketches 

Graves at Shawnee, Monroe County, Pa. "Jane De Puy, 
1st child and daughter of Nicholas and Eleanor De Puy. 
Born Jan. 22, 1779. Died Apr. 18, 1813, aged 34 years." 
"Ann De Pui, daughter of Nicholas De Pui and Eleanor. 
Born at Shawnee Apr. 25, 1781. Mar. Dr. Erb. Died Jan. 

6, 1862, at Stroudsburg, Pa. Aged 80 yrs. 8m. 12 days. 
Brought to Shawnee and buried." "Benjamin De Pue, son 
of Nicholas and Eleanor De Pue. Born 1 783. Died August 

7, 1806. Aged 23 yrs." "Rachel De Puy, daughter of 
Nicholas De Puy, Esq., and Eleanor. Born Dec. 3rd, 

1785. Married Field. Died Mar. 5, 1856." Aged 70 

years. "Nicholas De Pui, Jr., son of Nicholas de Pui, Sr., 
and Eleanor his wife. Born Feb. 17, 1788. Died July 17, 
1816. Aged 28 years 4 months and 28 days." "Eleanor 
Depew, widow of Nicholas Depew, died Nov. 27, 1825, in 
the 79th yr. of her age." Born 1746. ISIonument marked 
"Depuy." "Robert Reading Depuy, born 1814, died 1898. 
"Matilda Desborough Depuy, born 1814, died 1900. Lived 
at Stroudsburg, born at Sha\\Tiee." 

P. 440, "Hazard's Register of Penna.," Vol. 1 : "Mr. 
Samuel Du Pui told them that when the river was frozen 
he had a good road to Esopus from the Mine Holes, some 
hundred miles. That he took his wheat and cider there ; he 
did not appear to know where the river ran, of the Philadel- 
phia market, or, of being in the government of Penna." 
... "I found Nicholas De Pui, Esq., son of Samuel De 
Pui, living in a spacious stone house in great plenty and 
affuence on the Penna. side of the Deleware River. Mr. 
Du Pui probably knew nothing as to what province he was 
in the jurisdiction of. He purchased in 1727 of the Minsi 
Delawares a large portion of level land along the river, on 
which the to\\-n of Shawnee now stands, and also two large 
Islands in the Delaware — Shawano and Manalamink — and 
received from the Indians a deed." (I stood at the top of 
Eagle Cliff Mt. and saw these islands and this land. Ed.) 

From Count Zinzendorf's Journal — Count Zinzendorf, 
with some companions, after he had visited this section of 

416 



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Du PuY Family 



the country, speaks of it in his journal in, this way: "The 
ride of 30 or 40 miles to Depuy's Ford was the most 
fatiguing part of the journey. The road tried our horses 
severely, we were however in a tranquil frame of mind. In 
the eve. we reached the Delaware and came to Mr. N. 
Dupuy's, who is a large land-holder and wealthy. Aug. 12. 
Sunday his son Samuel (24 yrs. of age) escorted us to 
church. The heat was over whelming." "Wayne, Pike, & 
Monroe Co. Penna. by Alfred Mathews." 

Old Christ Church, 2nd and Market Sts., Philadelphia, 
there are graves marked as below: 

"Daniel Du Puy. Died July 30, 1824, aged 74 yrs." 
(Born 1750. Son of Daniel and Eleanor Du Puy.) 

"Eleanor Du Puy. Died Jan. 21, 1753, aged 2 yrs. 
Daughter of Daniel and Eleanor Du Puy." (Born 1751, 
evidently sister to Daniel, born 1750.) 

"MaryDuPuv. Died Aug. 24, 1832, aged 75." (Born 
1757.) 

"Hannah Du Puy, wife of Rev. Chas. M. Du Puy. Died 
Dec. 12, 1851, aged 59." (Born 1792.) . . . Births: 
"John Dupuy, son of Daniel and Elizabeth. Born June 10, 
1747, baptized Sep. 11, 1747." "Jane Dupuy, daughter 
of Daniel and Elinor. Born June 20, 1749, baptized July 
21, 1749." "Elinor Dupuy, daughter Daniel and Elinor. 
Born Jan. 10, 1750, baptized Feb. 18, 1751." "Daniel 
Dupuy, son of Daniel and Elinor. Born May 3, 1753, 
baptized June 5, 1 753." "Margaret Dupuy, daughter Dan- 
iel and Elinor. Born February 13, 1755, baptized ^Slarch' 
14, 1755." And marriages: Christ Church Record, Phila., 
page 78, Vol. 8, 2nd Ser. Penna Arch.: "May 11, 1775. 
Jane Dupuy married Wm. Coates." "June 5, 1778. Dan- 
iel Dupuy married ISIary Meredith." The name of Daniel 
Dupuy's wife was Elinor or Eleanor, Dj-lander. Their 
marriage license was issued in September, 1746. Penna. 
Arch., Vol. 9, Ser. 2nd, p. 583: "John Depuy mar. Eliza- 
beth Vanhorn Nov. 17, 1806." "Mary Depuy mar. John 
Stewart Nov. 17, 1806." 



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DESCRIPTIONS OF THE CITY OF 

LE PUY, FRANCE 

Le Puy 

A city in France, the capital of the country of Yelay, near 
the Borne and the Loire, on the mountains of Anis. It is 
270 miles southeast of Paris. Latin authors have named it 
Vellave and \'ellonarum, Urbs-Anicium, and Podium. This 
city is very ancient and is renowned for its beautiful Cathe- 
dral of Notre Dame, or Our Lady. It is a Bishop's See. 
The Bishop is Count of Yelay, and has a right to the Pal- 
lium; and formerly coined money. This town is under the 
parliament of Toulouse. It has been called the Ruissium of 
Ptolemy by several prominent authors. The Bishops of 
Aquitaine met here in 1130 and condemned the Anti-Pope 
Anacletus, approving also the election of Innocent II. A 
good painting of this is in the museum on the side of the 
cathedral. (Moreri). Le Puy is one of the most celebrated 
cities of the kingdom. Among its Bishops were Georges, 
Marcellin, Paulien, Evode, Suacre, Armintaire, Aurele, 
Benigne, Agripan, who were made Saints. There were 
others illustrious for their goodness and their knowledge, 
and among the latter we mention Durand de Saint-Pourcain, 
Dominican, and Pierre d'Ailli, afterwards Bishop of Cam- 
brai, and Cardinal Raymond de Agiles, who wrote a history 
of the holy war and was Canon of Puy. It is believed that 
the name of this city is taken from the Latin marking a place 
elevated upon an eminence in an amphitheater. The 
Senechal of this city was erected into a Presidial in the year 
1689. There is in the same city a common court held jointly 
by the King and the Bishop. "Council of Puy"* — The 
Bishops of Aquitaine assembled in 1130 at Le Puy, and 
there condemned the anti-pope Anaclet, and coniirmed the 
election of the legitimate Pontiff Innocent II. Gerard, the 
Bishop of Augouleme, who championed the party of the 
Anti-Pope, was there deposed. "Puy (du). In Latin de 
Podio, which some authors also translate by del Puech, fol- 

*There is a large painting of tliis "Council" in the museum, in the 
Cathedral of "Notre Dame Le Puy."— Editor. 

418 



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A quaint old tower, still standing in the city of Le Puy-en-Velay, Haute-Loire, France 



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Interesting Data 



lowing the Language of Dauphiny and Languedoc. This 
House took its name from the lands it posssesed in La 
Romagne. Besides the branch of "Princes of la Cisterne," 
there have been others in Italy which have given to the 
Church Cardinals and Grands Gonsaloniers of the Republic 
of Florence." The upper part of Languedoc, where Le Puy 
is situated, is called "Velay." "The Great Historical Dic- 
tionary, London, 1694," Moreri, and also "Le Grand Dic- 
tionnaire Historique by Moreri, Vol. 8, 3rd Ed. Paris 
1759," p. 632. 

"Le Puy is the Capital Town of the department of Haute- 
Loire, province of Languedoc. This province sent the 
flower of its chivalry to the Crusades in 1096. The Hugue- 
nots were composed mainly of the nobility, gentlemen of 
letters, wealthy families, and soldiers of rank and long 
experience. Some of the noblest families of France have 
been those whose names adorned Huguenot history." "The 
Huguenot Bartholomew Du Puy and his Descendants," 
Rev. B. H. Dupuy. 

"The City of Le Puy is one of the most remarkable for 
situation and architectural features to be found in France. 
It is by far the most picturesque of the Cathedral towns. In 
the great volcanic regions, where once raged subterranean 
fires; where earthquakes shook the mountains, as they did 
in 1374 and 1443, and streams of boiling lava swept dowTi 
the valleys, all is now calm and peaceful. The rocks of 
fantastic shape, the deep craters, and the tall conical peaks 
are tinted by the centuries of frost and storm. ... In the 
middle of the hollow rise there are three precipitous hills; 
the one is like a tower, and on its summit stands the Church 
of St. Michael. Mt. Anis furnishes the platform for the 
foundations of the Cathedral, and higher still soars the 
summit of Mt. Cornville, on which stands the colossal 
statue of the Virgin and Child, cast out of the cannon cap- 
tured at Sebastopol, which were given by Napoleon III for 
that purpose. . . . The Church of St. Michael, for such 
appears to have been the earliest name of the Cathedral, 
was built on a height, . . . and stands like a lighthouse 
beacon on the summit of towering basaltic columns. The 

419 












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Interesting Data 



present Notre Dame du Puy is a more recent production. 
The great sanctuary was for centuries as great a centre of 
pilgrimages as 'Lourdes' is at present. It was visited by 
Charlemagne in the year eight hundred, who constituted by 
charter the chapter of the Church. 

"The architecture of the present edifice distinctly points 
to the 11th and 12th centuries. Several edifices preceded 
this one. The dome is Romano-Byzantine of the 11th cen- 
tury, as are the two inner bays of the porch. The cloister 
must have been built in the 10th century. The rest of the 
building must have been completed before the end of the 
12th century. We have in this Cathedral, therefore, one of 
the earliest churches in France, as well as one of the most 
complete and imposing examples of the Byzantine style. 
The whole structure is of native volcanic rock, and is in 
diapers of red, black and white. The colors remain distinct 
until this day. There is a curious relic set over the inner 
doorway of tliis porch. It is a fragment of the gravestone, 
or cippus of Bishop Scutaire, or Scutarius, who is said to 
have been a young Roman Senator sent by the Pope as 
architect of the original church. Scutarius eventually 
became Bishop of the See. These events must have occurred 
in the sixth century. The inscription of the tympanum 
savors of antiquity, and is in Latin 'Scutaripapa, vive Deo,' 
translated 'leather Scutarius live to God.' In the old cloister, 
which one must pass through 'ere entering the Cathedral, 
the pavement is entirely made up of tombstones traced with 
the figures of bishops and others who lie beneath. 

"In the Library, where are only empty stone walls, there 
are still preserved the lovely mural paintings of the 15th 
century which Prosper INIerimee discovered there.* This 
painting represents the Liberal Arts as the Middle Ages 
reckoned them, viz — Grammar, Geography, Rhetoric and 
Music. This fresco is a real work of fine art, and it is a 
great pity that damp and neglect have in part defaced it. 

♦Four pictures of this painting are given in the book "Cathedrals of 
France." They are beautiful indeed. 

This volume gives as many as eight clear, fine illustrations of the 
Cathedral of Notre Dame, and is a valuable addition to any library. Ed. 



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Interesting Data 



"There is under the shadow of Notre Dame, the Univer- 
I sity of St. INIaieul." "Cathedrals of France. Popular stud- 

I ies of the most interesting Cathedrals. With over 200 illus- 

j trations. Published at New York MDCCCC. by the 

I Churchman Co." 

I This description is but the merest "pen sketch," as I have 

[ had the great pleasure of a visit to Le Puy, France, June 6, 

[ 1911, and have seen the marvelous old Cathedral. I believe 

I I can truthfully say it is the iinest and most interesting thing 

;■ I saw in all France. 

' It is not very easy to reach. One must change cars and 

wait at stations for trains, but the beauty of the ride between 
and in the canon, and the lovely views, and the waterfalls 
more than repays one. I saw it as the late twiliglit lasted 
and deef)cncd into a clear moonlight night, and the whole 
impression was unique in its glorious charm. 

One may spend four or five days here. Everything is of 
intense interest. The old gate, the square, the monument, 
the little old Town Hall, with quite a few archives, all in 
quaint old French; the v.omen and children with their lace 
making, all in the open street. Then the walk almost 
straight up to the University, and the grand old Cathedral, 
and the colossal statue of the Virgin and Child glittering in 
the sunlight. 






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THE FAMILY OF ROBERTS 



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FAMILY OF ROBERTS OF VIRGINIA 

\ "A List of the names of the Dead in Virgn^ since April! 

t last — february 16: 1623, at flower de hundred, 

I John ap Roberts. Hotten's Lists" Va. p. 190. 

! "A List of the names of th Dead in Virgn^ since Aprill 

\ last february 16: 1623, . . . William Robertts, at Eliza- 

I, beth Cittie. "Hotten's Lists" Va. p. 194. 

"A List of Names; Of The living in Virginia, february 
the 16, 1623, — Living in Jams iland — James Roberts." 
"Hotten's Lists," Va: p. 178. 

"A List of the names of the Dead in Virgn^ since Aprill 
last — february 16: 1623, at West and Sherlow hundred, 

Thomas Roberts. "Hotten's Lists" Va. p. 190. 

"A List of Names of the Dead since Aprill last in Vir- 
ginia — february the 16: 1623, At Elizabeth Cittie, Chris- 
toph' Roberts." "Hotten's Lists" p. 194. 

Elias Roberts, in Virginia 1624, son of Elias Roberts, 
citizen and merchant-tailor, of London. 

"Water's Gleanings in England Vol. 1," p. 292. 

Elias Roberts, citizen and merchant tailor of London, 
the elder, January 1624, proved 20 Feb. 1626. 

To wife Sarah Roberts, . . . two shares of land in 
Martin'c Hundreth. To my son Elias Roberts in Virginia 
one share and fifteen acres in the Somer Islands, etc — chil- 
dren Elias, Sarah, Mary, and Prudence, . . . 

"Water's Gleanings in England Vol. 1," p. 292. 

Index to Land Grants, — "Elizabeth City County, Vir- 
ginia. Dated, 1636. 100 acres to John Roberts." "Va. 
County Records, Vol. 6, Book 1," p. 383, p. 67. 

"Virginia Historical Register" p. 163. Vols. I, II, 1848. 

"The engagm't tendred to ye Inhabitants of Northamp- 
ton county Eleaventh of March 1651. Jno. Ayres, Jno. 
Robearts. 

"Surry County, Virginia, Records." 

425 



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-i.-'i:j :'nrT;'v !'i-;di-:;ij jA ..-.:..■); :'■■! .;,!: 
^j-r-ido.W •■;-:'7 ic s\')'-. ^'AV] c'-u.;; "■ li , j.'i'.iA .-■i'A 
A VS. .<"! ''A .io7 j-.riAsr/v! ur , :;a!ni,"A3 s'i3)x;7/'" 

,.s;iJijut!n'-X o;:.-; .;•;]/! ,dj/;i.._. . . . 

-li'.'' ,v1nL;oA vtA^ lijodK-si' A' - ,-J): vi-Ai !— ^ ■ •" 

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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



"5 July, 1653, Convy. from John Johnson, James City 
County, planter to Robert Roberts, Witnesses Hy. Ran- 
dolph, Samuel Taylor," 

"Va. County Records, Part 1, Vol. 6." p. 29. Crozier. 

"Surry County Records, Va. Book 1." p. 5. 

"January 1653. Convy. from Robert Roberts to Mr. 
Geo. Stephens, Witnesses, Geo. Jordan,* Thos. Warringe." 

York County, Virginia, 

Will of Richard Barkeshyre Dated 16 August 1658, 
Proved 10. September 1658. Executor Lewis Roberts. 

"Va. County Records Quarterly Magazine, Vol. 6," p. 17. 

"Rappahannock Co., Va. 

Will of Nath: Baxter, Parish of Farnham, 22 May 1676. 
. . , Friend Thomas Roberts to be overseer," 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6," p. 6. 

"Ann Roberts Daughter of Griffuth and Ann Roberts 
bap. 19th Sept, 1680." 

"Register of Christ Church Middlesex Co., Va.," p. 16. 

"Isle of Wight Co., Va, John Roberts, 1681, receives 
1450 a." "Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6," p. 280. 

"Thomas Roberts ye sonne of Robert and Isabell Rob- 
erts, bap. 6th of Aprill 1684. 

"Register of Christ Church Middlesex Co., Va." p. 26. 

"Va. Col. Militia," Crozier, p. 98. 

"Private Middlesex Co. July 10. 1676. Hugh Roberts. 

p. 102 Militia in Surry Co. in 1687. For Foot, Jno. 
Roberts.f 

"Deeds Wills Sec for Surry Co. Va." at State Library, 
Richmond, Va. "1684-1686" p. 59. 

"A List of Tythables from LTpper Sunken Marsh . . . 
(Surry Co.) 1685. Jno. Roberts.f 

P. 60, same ref. as above. List of Tythables, June 6, 
1685. 

. . . Nath: Roberts, 1." 

*P. 28 calls him Capt. Geo. Jordan. 
tThis is our Ancestor. Ed. 

426 



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Roberts Faiiily 



Court House, Portsmouth, near Norfolk, Norfolk Co, 
Va. "Deeds & Wills, No. 5. 1686" p. 8. 

Indenture, Dated 16th November 1686 between John 
Roberts of the Western branch of Elizabeth river in county 
of Lower Norfolk ... & Thomas Russell. . . . 
signed John Roberts.* 
Witnesses, Adam Mackey, Jo. Knott. 

"Deeds & Wills No. 5. 1686." p. 189. Deed. 

"Know all men by these . . . that I *John Rob- 
erts of the Western Branch of Elizabeth River, Norfolk 
County, Have hereby given & bequeathed and granted unto 
Mrs. Joan Sawver (as near as I can make out) . . . 
16th. day of Aprill 1693. . . . Signed 
Wit. . . . John Roberts 

Roger HB Briant, Jn^ Hodgis. . 
his mark 

County Clerk's Office, Court House, Portsmouth, Va. 
Near Norfolk, & County Seat of Norfolk County, Va. 

Box marked "1685-1730" — Old original paper, 

"The Deposition of Samuell Roberts aged 50 years or 
there-abouts Examined and Sworne Saith That your 
Deponent doth well remember for many years etc. . . 

"Sworn to In Court 10 Sept 1688." 

"Thomas Roberts and Mary Stevens were married 
November 26, 1703." . . . "Register of Christ Church, 
Middlesex Co., Va.," p. 63. 

"John ye son of Thomas and ISIary Roberts, was born 
February Ye 24th . . . 1705." "Register of Christ Church, 
Middlesex Co., Va." p. 65. 

"Register of Christ Church, Middlesex Co., Va." p. 16. 
Christenings for year 1680. 

"Register of Christ Church, Middlesex Co., Va." p. 65. 
"John Ye son of Thomas & Mary Roberts was Born Feb- 

*Our Ancestor. Ed. 

427 



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ruary Ye 24th, and was Baptized March Ye 25th Anno 
Domi. 1705." 

p. 54. "Thomas Roberts departed this Life, April Ye 
16th, & was Buried April Ye 18th, 1706. 
"Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Va.," p. 63. 
p. 63. 

"Gabriel Roberts & Sarah Bendall were Married July Ye 
26th. (1703.)" 

"Elizabeth ye dau. of Gabriel Roberts & Sarah his wife 
was bapt^ May Ye 25th A. D. 1707." 

"Walter Roberts & Jone Bocker were Married Apr. Ye 
16th 1704." 

p. 71. "John ye son of Willett Roberts & Mary . . . 
his wife B. Ye same Day (January Ye 25th) A. D." 

"Va. County Records, Vol. 1, Spotsylvania, 1721-1800." 
p. 1. "Will Book A." 

*"John Roberts, St. George's Parish died Sept. 10. 1724, 
proved Nov. 3. 1724. Legacy to son John, land on Flatt 
Run joining Hack Norman, son Benjamin, . . . son 
George, daughter ISIary Paten. Wit. G. Lightfoot, John 
Brown, Matthew Bailey. Executors Son-in-law Francis 
Kirkley; son John Roberts. 

"Order Book 1730-1738. 

John Roberts,! Ensign; ... of a Company of 
Foot, and took the oath February 2, 1730-1." 

"Virginia Colonial Militia" Crozier, p. 122. 

At Culpeper Co. CI. Of., Va. "Book A, 1749-1753." 
p. 55. Deed, dated 21st. of Sept. 1749. 

John Roberts,! Gentleman, of Culpeper Co. Va. & his 
wife Elizabeth, ... to Rev'' John Thompson rec. the 

*This is our Line through the Kirtleys. Ed. 
tJohn Roberts 2nd. is son of John Roberts ist. 
428 






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Roberts Family 



sum of 240£ for 400 a. which land was granted John Rob- 
erts then of the Parish of St. George in Spotsilvania Co., 
by Patent bearing date 30th of June 1726. 

his her 

Signed by John -I- Roberts. Elizabeth E Roberts, 
mark mark 

Wit. Clayton, Richard Young, Armistead Ball. 

"Henings Statutes at Large, Vol. 4," p. 529. "August 
1736. 10th of George II. "Jonathan Roberts purchased a 
parcel of land . . . being the land whereon the said Rob- 
erts lives, in the County of Nansemond, Va. 

"Henings Statutes at Large, Vol. 7," p. 653. May 1763. 

"Trustees of Portsmouth . . . Humphrey Roberts." 

At Culpeper Va, County Clerk's Office, 

John Roberts of Culpeper Co. Va. Bromfield Parish, 
makes a marriage contract with the widow ISIargaret Hum- 
phreys, dated 23rd of January 1768. 

his 
- '■ - «■- signed John -I- Roberts. 

^"'' ■' ' t.. ; ':■ mark 

Wit. Wm. Meldrum, Margaret Humphrey, Martin Nalle, 
Wm. Roberts. "Book B, 1753"-56. p. 541. 

"Henings Statutes at Large, Vol. 7," p. 22. "March 1756. 
To William Roberds, Ensign, 1900 lbs. tob. "March 1756. 
To William Roberts for meat and bread, 160 lbs. tob. p. 23. 

"March 1761. From the land of William Roberts on 
the north side of Dan River in the County of Halifax, etc. 
Vol. 7," p. 402. 

"1763, Culpeper Co., Va. To William Roberts for pro- 
visions 14s. 3d. Vol. 8, p. 128. 

"October 1776. Ferry from the land of William Roberts 
discontinued. Vol. 9," p. 235. 

"October 1786. William Roberts, Gent." Vol. 12, 375. 

September 1758 paid James Roberts for necessaries for 
soldiers 1£ 12s. lOd. 

429 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Henings Statutes at Large, Vol. 7." p. 225. 

September 1758. To James Roberts for provisions for 
Cherokees l£lls. 9d. p. 227. 

Feb. 1759, James Roberts the younger, of the county of 
Halifax, hath laid, off one liundred acres. Vol 7, p. 305. 

Trustees for the towns in the Counties of Halifax and 
Lunenberg . . . James Roberts, Gent. p. 307. 

Halifax County, Va. 1763, James Roberts, Jr. assignee 
of . . . for provisions 71. 9s. 6d. Vol. 8, p. 180. 

November 1769, Town of Chatam established in Pittsyl- 
vania County, Va. on lands of James Roberts. : 

See "Henings Statutes at Large, Vol. 8," p. 417. 

"Va. Rev. Soldiers," entitled to Land Warrants, 

Anthony Roberts Private State Line 3 years service." ' 

Land Bounty Certilicates. ; 

Francis Roberts, private in Capt. John ISIcNeal's Co., j 

1st. Va. Regt. in last war between Great Britain and France 
(1758) and served to the end thereof. 

Charlotte Co., Feb. 7, 1780. 

"Va. Colonial Militia," p. 25. Crozier. 

"Henings Statutes at Large, Vol. 7." p. 227. 

20th of Dec. 1790. Lewis Roberts against his wafe 
Rachel Roberts. 

20th of Dec. 1790. Michael Roberts . . . for building 
a church in Halifax Co. Va. Vol. 13, p. 173. 

Roberts Marriages, "Va County Records Vol. IV." | 

Nimrod Grimsley and Amelia Roberts, December 17, 
1787. Fauquier County, p. 20. ; 

John Roberts and Sally Holly, June 22, 1789. Fauquier ' 

Co., Va. p. 24. j 

George Roberts and Aima Foster, August 25, 1789. ; 

Fauquir Co. Va. p. 24. | 

James Williams and Rachel Roberts, May 21, 1787, ■ 

York County, Va. p. 44. 

Gerard Roberts and Elizabeth Baptist, June 21, 1788. f 

York Co., Va. p. 44. i 

Judith Roberts and Robert J. Angell Dec. 26, 1792. \ 

Amelia Co., Va. { 



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"ROBERTS" IN NEW ENGLAND 

"Soldiers in King Philip's War," p. 297. 

"William Roberts and his son-in-law were killed — Sept. 
1675. 

"January 25, 1675-6. John Roberts 3£ 01s. 08d." p. 355. 

"7 Aprill 1676. A List of soldiers — John Roberts, p. 241. 

"At the garrison at Northampton, Mass. September 23, 
1676, John Roberts 8£ 19s. 06d. p. 364. 



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FAMILY OF "PERROTT," OF VIRGINIA. • 

''A List of Names Of the living in Virginia, february the 
16 1623, Living at Elizabeth Cittie John Parrett." 

"Hotten's Lists," Va., p. 186 and 243. 

"Hotten's Lists," Va., p. 186. 

"Mr. DannicU Gookines muster John Parratt aged: 36. 

Newportes News came in the Prouidence 1623." 

Perrott, ]Middlesex County, Va. 

The arms of "3 pears" are on a seal of Richard Perrott at 
Middlesex Court House, Va. Richard Perrott, President 
of the Middlesex County Court, Va. Died 11 November 
1686. 

Instances of the use of arms in Virginia previous to 1776. 

Perrott: Seal to Will of Richard Perrott of Middlesex 
County, Virginia. 

"William and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 1," p. 118. 

Richard Perrott Sr. is in York Co. Va. in 1647. 

He is married to Sarah Dale widow of Nicholas in 1648, 
as shoviTi by deed, of land to her children. 

There is a deed in York Co. Va. Dated Aug. 24, 1648, 
from Richard Perrott, and Sarah his wife to her children 
Thomas Dale, Joane Dale, Sarah Dale, by her former hus- 
band Nicholas Dale." "Va. His. Mag. Vol. 5," p. 165. 

"Va. His. Mag. Vol. 5," p. 165. 

"There is in Lancaster Co., Va. a Deed Dated Jan. 12, 
1655, from Richard Perrott, conveying 300 acres of land 
l.ving up the creek, at the head of the land where the said 
Perrott lives. On December 13, 1656, the General Assem- 
bly appointed him one of the Justices of Lancaster, and on 
December 15, 1657 he was chosen vestr}Tnan, and sides- 
man of Lancaster parish. On January 5, 1657 he was 
appointed sheriff of Lancaster, and in 1670 of Middlesex 
Co. 

It appears he had formerly lived in York County, for in 
the records of that County in'l647, is an order that Richard 

435 












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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Perrott shall appraise the estate of Captain Robert Mor- 
rison, being in York. "Va. Historical ^lagazine, Vol. 5," 
p. 165, 166. 

"Richard Perrott patented 450 a., on the South Side Rap- 
pahannock River, Jvlarch 13, 1649 (this would be in Mid- 
dlesex Co.) 

"Va. His. Magazine, Vol. 5," p. 158, 159, 166. 

Tithables of Lancaster Co, Virginia, 1654. 

"Mr. Richard Perrott to collect these, himself 5. . . . 

"(This was a poll tax. Every person subject to this tax 
was called a "titliable." This included all freemen above 
16 yrs. of age, all male (white) servants of whatever age, 
all Indian servants, male or female, above the age of 16.)" 

Richard Perrott, Gent, patented 1100 a. on the south side 
of Rappahannock (Middlesex Co.) August 21, 1666; head 
rights; Richard Perrott and Richard* his son. 

"Va. His. Mag., Vol. 5," p. 165. 

In Lancaster Co., a Deed is recorded dated March 15. 
1668-9. from Nicholas Spencer to Richard Perrott, for 1900 
a. on Pianketank River, called Mottram's Mount. 

"Richard Perrott Sr was also presiding Justice of Mid- 
dlesex Co. He died Nov. 11. 1686. His will was dated 
Dec. 20. 1686 and Proved Feb. 7. 1686 (?) in Middlesex: 
Legatees wife Margaret (3rd. wife.) Son Richard, grand- 
son Henry, eldest son of Richard (Jr.), and friend Ralph 
Wormeley, Esq. 

Public Officers in Virginia, 1680, Middlesex Co., civ. 

Mr. Rich'd Perrot, Mr. Rich'd Perrot, Junior. 

Middlesex Co. Va. was Lancaster Co., Va. It was taken 
off in 1672. Lancaster Co. Va. was formed about 1640. 

"Va. Mag. Vol.. 1." Pages 249 & 250. 

Judge Richard Perrott, Sr., Gent, married 2nd. Sarah 
Dale, widow of Nicholas Dale. Married 3rd. Margaret 
Haywood. 

♦Richard Perrott Jr. born 1650, was 16 years old in 1666. Ed. 

I saw the Will of Richard Perrott Sr. at Saluda the Co. Seat of 
Middlesex Co., Va., and it has the seal of wax on it. Ed. 



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Perrott Family 



1st. Gen. Richard Sr. and Sarah had 

2nd Gen. Richard Perrott Jr. born 24th of ffebruary, 
1650, Being the first Man child that was gott and borne in 
Rappahannock river, of English parents. (Christ Church 
Register). 

"2nd. Gen. Richard Sr. had by Sarah Henry Perrott; 
"2nd. son of Richard Perrott, of Rappahannock River, in 
Virginia, Esq." entered Gray's Inn, (London, England.) 
November 14. 1674. (Foster.) He was the first American 
knowTi to have entered this Inn. His Will is dated Middle- 
sex Co., Va. January 6. 1706. Wife executrix. 

Richard Perrott Jr. married November 11, 1672, Sarah 
Curtis, born in Gloucester Co., Va. Aug. 16. 1657, widow 
of Wm. Halfhide, and daughter of Major Thomas Curtis, 
Richard Perrott Jr. and Sarah had 

3rd Gen. Henry Perrott, bom January 25. 1675. 

"The Will of Mrs. ISIargaret Perrott (2nd. wife of 
Richard Perrott, Sr.) was dated Oct. 21. 1687; legatees; 
godson 'Henry Perrott; daughter 'Margaret Price; god-son 
Philip 'Warwick, god-daughter Islargaret Prior, daughter 
Mrs. Sarah Perrott, friend Mrs. ^lary Goodlow, god- 
daughter Mrs. Winifred Griffin (to whom she gives her 
diamond ring) friend Mrs. Elizabeth Wilkes, brother Mr. 
Anthony Haywood (of Boston, ]Mass.), Sister Mrs. Cath- 
erine Hide, nephew ]Mr. Thomas Hide; Thomas Drawne 
to have her wedding ring, and Thomas Blott her other plain 
rings. Overseers cf the Will Ralph Wormeley, Esq., Dr 
Walter Whittaker, Mr. Christopher Robinson, and Mr. 
Francis Weeks."* 196. "Va. His. Mag." Vol. 5. 166. 

More here if desired of the other children of Richard 
Perrott, Sr. and of Richard Perrott, Jr. Justice of Middle- 
sex Co., 1673. There is mention in 1659* that Richard Per- 
rott Jr. is half brother of Thomas Dale. 

Major Thomas Curtis, and Averilla, his wife had a 
daughter Sarah Curtis, born in Ware Parish, Gloucester, 

*Note. The Will of Mrs. Margaret Perrott is of no especial value to 
the descendants of Richard Perrott Jr. as he is son of Sarah Perrott, 
Richard Perrott Sr.'s first wife. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

August 16. 1657. She married first, Mr. William Halfhide, 
and secondly, Mr. Richard Perrott, (Jr.) of Middlesex 
county (Christ Church Register), p. 165, 6. p. 344. 

The name is found spelled Perrott, Parat, Parrett, and 
Perrott. It is traced from England to Barbadoes; then to 
Virginia. 

Richard Perrott was one of the first settlers of Lancaster 
County, Va. His wife's name was Margaret. They were 
probably married in England or in Barbadoes, where their 
first child Elizabeth was born. They were in Lancaster 
County in 1649. In the Register of Christ Church, Middle- 
sex Parish, occurs the following: "Richard, Sone of 
Mr. Richard Perrott, Senior was borne 24th of Feb. 1650. 
being the first man child that was begott and borne in Rap- 
pahannock River of English parents." 

Richard, Sr. was a vestryman of Christ church, a com- 
missioner of Lancaster County in 1656. 

Pie was elected High Sheriff June 5. 1657, Senior Justice 
of Middlesex County Court 1673, which position of honor 
and trust he held until his death which was thirteen years. 
He had one thousand acres of land on the North side of 
Pyankatank River. Bishop jSIeade states that while he was 
in England on one of his visits he was appealed to, to bring 
out a minister for the church (in Virginia.) The second 
child of Richard Perrott Sr. and Sarah his wife was Ricii- 
ard Perrott, Jr. born February 24, 1650, in Virginia. 

The following entry is made in Christ Church Register: 

"Whereas Mr. Richard Perrott hath built a Pew in the 
Chancell on the further side opposite to the Pulpitt and a 
stable also, which Pew and Stable is for the use of Henry 
Corbin Esq., properly belonging to him and to those that 
shall have and enjoy the house and land whereon he hath 
now built on and forever September 29, 1669." 

Frequent mention is made of him in Virginia History. 
See Bishop iMeade in "Old Families and Churches." 

Richard Perrott, Sr.'s first child was Elizabeth Perrott 
who was born 1645, and married John Buford, or Blew- 
ford, Aprill 11th 1662. 



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Perrott Family 



See, "A Genealogy of the Buford Family in America" by 
Marcus Bainbridge Buford, Sanfrancisco, 1903, pp. 19, 20. 

Elizabeth Parrat married John Blewford Aprill 11th, 
1662. "Register of Christ Church, Va." p. 11. 

"Mr. Richard Perrott, Sen''- & President of Middlesex 
County Court departed this Life 11th and was buried ISth 
of November 1686." p. 29. 

Mrs. Margaret Perrott ye Wife of Mr. Rich^ Perrott Sen"" 
departed 30th of January 1687." p. 29. 

"Register Christ Church, Middlesex Co., Va." p. 36. 

For additional evidence of Ricliard Perrott Sr. services to 
the court see "Colonial Virginia Register" 81, 82. 

1st. Gen. Richard Perrott Sr.'s Will mentions wife Mar- 
garet. 

3rd. Gen. Grandsons Henry and Richard Perrott, sons 
of 2nd. Gen. Richard Perrott, Jr. Richard Sr's plantations 
were in Middlesex County. 

2nd. Gen. Richard Perrott Jr. married Feb. 11, 1672 
Mrs. Sarah Curtis Halfhide, widow of Wm. and daughter 
of Major Thomas Curtis and his wife Averilla. They had 
Henry Perrott born Jan. 25, 1675. 
Frank Perrott, (daughter) born Aug. 28, 

Sarah Perrott, born Sep. 21, 1679. 
Richard Perrott, born Oct. 5, 1681. 
Averilla (also Efflorilla) Perrott, born Aug. 

Robert Perrott Sr. born October 25, 1685. 
Curtis Perrott, born Aug. 19, 1688. 
Mary Perrott, born Jan. 19, 1690. 
Mrs. Sarah Perrott the wife of Mr. Richard Perrott 
departed this Life the 26th of December 1693/4. 

3rd. Gen. Richard Perrott, 3rd, son of Richard J""- 
and Sarah Curtis Perrott, married Sarah Pitts ye 15th of 
January, 1705. "Register Christ Church," p. 80. 

4th Gen. Henry Perrott ye son of Richard Perrott 3rd. 
and Sarah Perrott was Born ye 25th. of feb'">'' 1706. p. 68. 
4th. Gen. Richard Perrott 4th, born 1708. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches : 

4th Gen. William Perrott Son of Richard 3rd. and 
Sarah Perrott born 27th December, baptized 22nd day of 
ffebruary, 1712. p. 87. 

3rd. Gen. Richard Perrott 3rd. Died January 11, 

1734. " j 

3rd. Gen. Robert Perrott Sr. son of Richard Jr. and I, 
Sarah Curtis Perrott, married March 25. 1706, Catherine 

Daniel. They had, ; 

4th. Gen. Robert Perrott Jr. b. Apr. 27, 1707. | 

4th. Gen. Sarah Perrott, Feb. 6, 1708 died [March 13. .) 

1710. I 

4th. Gen. William Perrott May 20. 1712. Betty Per- | 

rott b. Dec. 3. 1714. John Perrott, Nov. 12, 1720. James i 

Perrott Nov. 11. 1722. i 

3rd. Gen. Robert Perrott Sr. died Aug. 9. 1723. | 

Catherine Daniel Perrott married John Williams July i 

17. 1728. j 

4th. Gen. Robert Perrott Jr. son of Robert Sr. and '. 

Catherine married Sarah — They had — James Perrott, b. \ 

Jan. 25. 1732. Ludovick Perrott, Jan. 26. 1734. Sarah f 

Perrottb. March 25. 1737. \ 

4th. Gen. Robert Perrott Jr. died Dec. 13. 1737. | 

3rd. Gen. Averilla Perrott, dau. of Richard Perrott \ 

Jr. and Sarah Curtis Perrott, married Joseph Hardee, | 

3rd. Gen. Curtis Perrott, son of Richard and Sarah i 

Curtis Perrott married Sep. 3. 1714 Anne Daniel. They I 

had j 

4th Gen. Clara, born Apr. 21. 1716, Curtis, Jr. born \ 

Jan. 30. 1718, Averilla, born June 16. 1721, Anne, bom 1 

Feb. 20. 1723. Died November 16. 1739, Agatha, born | 

May 12. 1727, Charles, born June 22. 1729, Daniel, born | 

Aug. 10. 1732, and Francis Perrott, born Dec. 6. 1734. | 

Mary, dau. of Richard Jr. and Sarah Curtis Perrott, mar. I 

Hobbs Weekes. They had, 4th. Gen. Elizabeth, bap. ! 

Oct. 3, 1709, Millicent, born May 2. 1713, Thomas, born i 

June 11, 1715, and Abraham Weekes, born Sept. 22, 1717. [ 

"The Buford Family in America." pp. 19. 20, 21. I 

"Robert Bristow married Avarilla Curtis daughter of | 

Major Thomas Curtis, of Gloucester, and Avarilla his wife, » 



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Perrott Family 



Avarilla (Curtis) Bristow was sister of Sarah Curtis who 
was born in ^^'are Parisli Gloucester, August 16, 1657 who 
married 1st, Wm. Halfhide, and 2nd. Richard Perrott of 
Middlesex Co." "Va. His. Mag. Vol. 13" p. 62. 

Major Thomas Curtis had five sons and two daughters. 
, "Va. His. Mag. Vol. 14. No. 1." p. 92. 



Very E.vrly "Perrotts" 

Deed to "John Parrott, 750 acres lying northerly upon 
the river of Nansemund, Va. . . . Due for the trans- 
portation of 9 persons, whose names are men. below. 

By West, May 24th 1635 John Parrott, Priscilla Parrott, 
his wife, ..." "Va. Mag. Vol. 2," p. 420. 

"Viewer of Tobacco Crop, 1639." Upper Norfolk 
County, John Parrot." "Va. His. Mag. Vol. 5," p. 121. 

"Va. Co. Rec. Quar." Mag. Vol. 6. March 1909. p. 64. 

Index to Land Grants Isle of Wight County. Book 3. 
p. 5. Date 1653. Gregory Perrott 150 acres. ' 

Perot, Penna. 

Jacques Perot, Phila. 1730. (France) 

Quarterly, per fesse dancette, 1st & 4th or a mascle azure, 
2nd & 3rd azure, a mascle or, 

Crest — A hen on a nest of eggs ppr. 

Motto — Fama proclamat honorem. 

"Middlesex County owing to its accessibility both for 
export and import became the fountain head of the most 
aristocratic colonists and the source from which sprang 
many of Virginia's most promising families. 

"Here were the Berkeleys, Skipwiths, Brandons, Worms- 
leys, Corbins, Carters, Conways, Balls, Washingtons, 
Lewises and hundreds of others." 

Jacques Perot, b. at Georgetown, Bermuda, settled in 
Pennsylvania, 1730. 

Arms— Quarterly per fesse dancettee, 1st. and 4th. or a 
mascle azure. 2nd. and 3rd. azure, a mascle or. 

Crest. — A hen on a nest propre. 

441 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

COAT-OF-ARMS 

"Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book" add. p. 
61, at Phila. Free Library. 

Middlesex Co. Va. 

The Parish of Christ Church, Middlesex Co., had 3 
church buildings. 

1st. The old X church which was 2l/'2 m. from Urbana, 
called "The Middle Church." 

2nd. The Lower church, in later years known as "the 
Brick church," & the "old church" was 9 m. east of Urbana, 
and also 9 m. east of Saluda, o-wned by the ]SIeth. E. South. 

3rd. "The Upper Church" called "Hermitage" owned 
by the Baptists about 8 m. West of Urbana, also 8 m. West 
of Saluda. 

No Records have been kept of any of the worshipers at 
these churches but one must look to the records of Christ 
Church. 

Wed. morn, Aug. 5. 1908. Christ Church two & 
half miles from Urbana, Middlesex Co. Va. 

(On front of Church) 

"Christ. P. E. Church 

1664 - ' ■ ■- ' 

1714 . 1842 
. 1900 . 
W F 1810 

on two old bricks on the right hand side of church. 

Red & black bricks alternating made of Eng. Brick 
because we know them to be thicker & longer. 

"In burying lot around the church 

"Here lies the Body of John Grymes Eldest son of Phillip 
Grymes Esq. & Mary his wife who departed this life ye 
25th day of June 1746 Aged 15 Months, of such is ye King- 
dom of Heaven." 

In Christ Church Cemetery, ZYz m. from Urbana, Mid- 
dlesex Co. Va. "Here . . . The Body of ye Hon. John 
Grymes Esq. . . . (obliterated) . . . George I. and II. of 



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i Perrott Family 



the Council of State of the Royal Prerogative, The Liberty 
and Property of the Subject. A Zealous Assertor on the seat 
of Judgment clear, sound, unbiased. In the Office of Re- 
ceiver General Punctual approved. Of the College of Will- 
iam and INIary an Ornament, Visitor Patron, Beneficent to 
all. A support to the Distressed a Patron of true Piety 
Respected, loved, revered, . . . Departed this Life the 2: 
day of Nov. 1718. in the 57 year of His Age" 

In Christ Church Cemetery, 2>^ m. from Urbana, Mid- 
dlesex Co. Va. 

"Here lies Interred the Body of M Sarah Wormley 
. . . wife to Ralph Wormley of the County of Middle- 
sex Esq', the third daughter of Ye Hon Edm^^ Berkeley Esq, 
of this County She departed this Life ye 2 day of Dec. 
1741, Aged 20 (?) years." 

"Here lieth the Body of John Wormley Third Son of 
Ralph Wormley Esq. and Jane His Wife who was born 
the 21st day of July 1747 and died the 29th day of April 
1749." 

At Saluda, Middlesex Co. Va. "at Court House" Aug. 6. 
1908. 

There were many instances of the landed Proprietors of 
old Virginia using fictitious names in their Court proceed- 
ings. This was a custom in old England, as well. Here is 
an instance of it. 

"Deed book, 1736-39" at Middlesex County Court 
House, Saluda, Va. p. 200. *197. 

"At a court held for ^Middlesex Co. on Tuesday the 7th. 
Day Sept. 1742." 

"In ejectment for two Messuages 
and two hundred and fifty acres of 
Land, ... in the Parish of 
Christ Church and County of Middle- 
sex of the demise of Robert Dudley." 

*i97- There are a lot of Books and old matter at Saluda, Middlesex 
Co. Va. Court House, but for Wills one must look up in the Boxes 
themselves. There are no Marriage Records but a ver>' few, before 1750 
as these, with many others were destroyed in the War. These that are 
here are the packages of the Licenses themselves. 



"Seth Seekright, 

vs. 

Barnabv Badtitle. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

At Saluda, Co. Seat, of Middlesex Co. Va. occurs the 
following: "Deed Book 1736-39," p. 265. 

"At a Court held for ^liddlesex Co. on Tuesday the sixth 
day of November 1744. Present his jNIajesty's Justices 
James Reid, Philip Grymes | 

John Walker Christopher Curtis) Gent. 
John Robinson Beverly Stanard ) 
Owen's fjcnny a Negro Girl belonging to Augustin 
Neg.^ adj. [Owen is adjudged fourteen years old." 



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THE FAMILY OF TANNER 



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MA'5 3HT 




WILLIAM TOWNSEND VAX CULIN, of PHii.AmLPiiiA, Pd,sa. 

Son of 
Samuel Ware Van Culin and his wife, Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin 



■ill til.,'. 



FAMILY OF TANNER OF VIRGINIA 

"Fairbairns Crests" Vol. 1. For a picture or plate of 
the Tanner crest see Vol. II. No. 8. 

Tanners of King's Nympton Park, Devons, Salisbury 
(Co,) Wilts, Sherbourne, Wimborne, Dorset, and Corn- 
wall, & East Lenham Co. Kent, 

"A Moor's head in profile couped at the neck sa. banded 
about the temples arg. and gu. 

Tanner Wm. of Farncombe, Esq. of East Lenham, Co. 
Kent, a JNIoor's head in profile couped at- the shoulders ppr. 
wreathed about the temples arg. and gu, between two 
trefoils slipped vert. 

Tanner of Ashted, (Co) Surrey — A demi-antelope 
rampant regardant erm. 

Tanner of Brannell, Cornwall — A demi-talbot or, eared 
arg. 

Tanner (of Upton, Co. Somerset.) Somers., a talbot's 
head erased. 

p. 278 "The Visitations of the County of Cornwall in 
1620." 

Tanner. Arms=Arg. on a chief Sa. 3 men's should 
be Moor's heads Or. 

Crest=A demi-Talbot Or. ears Arg. 

1. John Tanner mar. dau. of Whitting of Wood. 

2. George Tanner, of Colampton in Devon, mar. Mar- 
garet dau. and coheir of . . . Tregart^oi. This Mar- 
grett is descended as heire to Cornewall, Chamb'laine, & 
Pever. 

3. Anthonie Tanner of Brannell in St. Stphen's in 
Cornwall, mar. Elizabeth dau. of . . . Tylley of Can- 
ington in Com. Som'sett and had 1st. Joane wife to . . . 
Pomeroy. 2nd., John Tanner, 1st sonne of Brannell anno. 
1620. married Katherin dau. of Tho. Roscarrok. 

Anthonie Tanner and Elizabeth had a 2nd. sonne and 
third child, Robert Tanner. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



*P. 278, "The Visitations of the Co. of Cormvall" in 
1620. 

John Tanner and his wife Katherin had 1st sonne, Ber- 
nard, aged 26 anno 1620. (died 1640.) 2nd. Lewes, 3rd. 
Arther, 4th. John Tanner (living in 1640). Daugliters 
Jane, wife to John Pye; Elizabeth Tanner, Ann Tanner, 
Dorothy Tanner, Mary Tanner. 

"The family of Tanner is one of remote antiquity in the 
counties of Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall. It was repre- 
sented towards the close of the 16th. century by George 
Tanner, Esq. of Columbton in Devonshire, who married &c. 

The grand-son of this marriage was John Tanner.f 

"A complete Parochial History of the Co. of Cornwall 
Vol. 4. 164." (There is more here if desired.) 
"Pedigree of the Tanners of Court. 

1. Humphrey Tanner=mar. — Temp. Ed. III. His son 

2. Robert=Ellen Bradshaw. His son 

3. Henry=Dau. of Jno. Haute. His son 

4. Nicholas=Rosamond. His son 

5. John=Dau. of Hussey. His son 

6. George=Barbara Pye of Devon. His son 

7. John of Devon=Dau. of Whiting of Wood, Devon. 
His son 

8. George=Margaret 3rd. dau. of John Tregarth}Ti. 
His son 

9. Anthony (d. 1583.)=Elizabeth Tilley. His son 

10. tjohn (aged 24 at death of his father Anthony) = 
Catherine dau. of Thomas Roscarrock, 1620. 

11. John (4th son) and Anthony (3rd son) who mar. 
Dorothy (dau. Eliz. Ann, Dorothy, & Mary,) (Barnard 1st 
son d. 1640.) (Lewes 2nd son). 

Burke's General Armory, no date. Arms. 

*See this reference for a full account of the "Coat of Arms" and 
"Crest." 

tThis is only a part of this. There is much more of interest here 
about the family of Tanners. 

JJohn d. 1623. 

♦*For a fuller account of this same family of Tanners see "Burke's 
History of the Commoners." Vol. 2, p. 214. 



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Tanner Family 



"Tanner (court, co. Cornwall : as borne by Joseph Tan- 
ner, of Salisbury, esq.) ar, three Moors' heads couped sa. 
banded about the temples gu. Crest — A Moor's head as in 
i the arms." 

I For "Mortimer alias Tanner arms 8:c. see p. 575, "The 

i Visitations of the Co. of Devon" by J. L. Vivian. 

* '"'',' Also "The Visitations of the Co. of Devonshire (p. 195.) 

» . in the year 1620." 

I "The Visitations of Surrey, 1530, 1572, & 1623." 

I John Tanner had 1. John and 2. Wm. Tanner of Ashted 

I in Com. Surrey, mar. Elizabeth dau. of . . . Gunter of 

f Sussex, & had 1. Wm. Tanner of Asheted in Surrey, mar. 

\ Issabell dau and co-heire of Jno. Pynton, of Com. Gloster- 

I shire. 2. Allyn Tanner, mar. Jone dau. of . . . Grange 

I and had Anne Tanner. 3. Jone Tanner. 4. Jane Tanner 

I mar. Jno. Gratwike and had 1. Thomas, 2. Dorothy, 3. 

I Mary. 

I Burke's Gen. Armory, 1878. p. 997. Arms. 

I "Tanner (Brannell, Co. Cornwall) ; John Tanner, of 

I Brannell, "Visitations of Cornwall, 1620," son of Anthony 

I Tanner, of same place, grandson of George Tanner, of Col- 

I lumpton, Co. Devon, and great-grandson of John Tanner, 

^ of same place." 

"Ar. on a chief sa. three Moors' heads in profile couped at 
the neck sa. banded about the temples of the first and gu. 

If one w^ants this given in fuller way read "The Visita- 
tions of the County of Cornwall in 1620," p. 278. 

Crest — a demi talbot ramp, or, eares ar. 

Tanners of Kingsnympton Park, Co. Devon, Salisbury 
Co. Wilts, Sherborne & Wimborne, Co. Dorset, & Ashted, 
Co. Surrey, all have the same arms. 

"Burke's Landed Gentry, Vol. 2. 1879." 

Tanner of Kingsn}Tnpton Park, near Chumleigh, North 
Devon, England. 

Rev. John Vowler Tanner, b. 1831. m. 1871 Eliza — . 

For a full account of this Table of Tanners see p. 447, "The visita- 
tions of Cornwall. Ed. by J. L. Vivian. 

(For a plate of this see Fairbairns Crests, Vol. 2, No. 8.) 
449 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Son of James Tanner, Esq. of Kingsnympton Park, (only 
son of , 

Robert Tanner, Esq., who mar. Mary dau. of Thomas 
IMellnish, Esq. Robert was son of 

Jonathan Tanner, Esq. of Rose Ash, Devon,) 

James mar. 1827 Elizabeth dau. of John Vowler, Esq. 
and had j 

1. John Vowler Tanner, b. 1831. 2. James Tanner, b. | 

1833. 3. Mary Tanner, b. , mar."lS55. \ 

"Hening's Statutes at Large" Vol. 1. pp. 86, 88. 

"May 23d. 1609. Ancient Charters. 

"2nd charter to the . . . company of Adventurers i 

and Planters of the City of London for the first Colony of 
Virginia. John Tanner, grocer."* j 

"Henings Stat, at Large Vol. 15." p. 63 two quotations of J 

Tanner occur, of Dorothy Tanner "\'ol. 14, 333 (3) Jacob | 

Tanner Vol. 14, 333. \ 

"Lists of Emigrants to America 1600-1700." Hotten. pp. ; 

201, 228. "Musters of the Inhabitants in Virginia, 1624/5. . 
"James Hand," Josias Tanner, aged 24 yeres came in the 
"John and Francis." 

EARLY "TANNERS," IN VA. 

"George Tanner. Will 1650." 3 daughters and wife. 

"Daniel Tanner, mentioned as early as 1639. He died 
1653. Had son, John Tanner. 

"Joseph Tanner, of Chesterfield Co. Will dated Oct. 3. 
1657. Wife Jane." 

"Thomas Tanner, mentioned 1657, receives patent of 
land. Alarried Margaret Bland, widow of Edward Bland. 
She outlived Thomas Tanner, making a deed in 1723." 

"Edward Tanner mentioned in Surry Co. 1668. Will 
dated 1684, had Edward and Wm. each under 21, and 
John Tanner. 

"Elizabeth Tanner, widow, in 1670." 

♦I think this is the son of Daniel Tanner, who arrived in America, l6l8, 
aged 40 years. Ed. 

450 



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Tanner Family 



'Joseph Tanner, will dated 1667, mentioned (1) Mary 
r. Wm. Lygon. (2) Joseph Tanner, Jr., mar. Sarah 
before 1694. (3) Edward Tanner had sons Ed., 



John, Wm. (4) Martha mar. Thos. Jones 1st, then mar. 
2nd, Edward Haskins before 1689. 



Daniel Tanner, in Virginia 1640, Lower Norfolk County. 

He was married to Charity November 24, 1614, at 

St. Paul's Church, Canterbury, and had a son John, bap- 
tized October 14, 1627. 

"N. E. H. & G. Reg., Vol. 47," p. 354. Also mentioned 
in, "Some Emigrants to Virginia, by W. G. Stanard," p. 65. 
*204. 

He had one son John "which John is compelled to travell 
beyond seas about the estate of sd. Daniel Tanner, his 
father, who dyed in Virginia, Dated 10 Aug. 1654." 

"N. E. H. & G. Reg. Vol. 47," p. 354. 

"Sewell's Point, is made by Elizabeth River and Tanner 
Creek, which is named from Daniel Tanner of Canterbury, 
England, who died on the creek 1653, leaving a son John." 

"The Cradle of the Republic, by Lyon Tyler," p. 202. 

At County Clerk's Office, Portsmouth, Norfolk Co., Vir- 
ginia. "Wills & Deeds 1646-1651, Norfolk Co. Court." 

Will of George Tanner, or Tonner, 1650. 

"In the Name of God, Amen, this two and twentieth day 
of August in the year of our Lord, 1650, I, George Tanner 
. . . give all my household goods unto my wife, & two 
men servants . . . unto my three children . . . 
1 bull ... & if any one of my three daughters shall 
dye before they come to age . . . my wife my sole 
executor, also I desire my Cozen John Holms and Mr. 

*204. (Daniel Tanner was aged 40 years in 1624. He came to 
Anie^rica in the "Sampson" in 1618. See Hotten, p. 247. His will is dated 
17 Nov. 1653, and proved Dec. 15.) 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches ! 

Samuell Mason that out of Christian duty and Charitie that \ 

they will endeavour to doo this my last Will and Test'mt — \ 

George Tanner. I 

his his . 

Wit. Henery H Beakes.* Edward -.E: Treadwell. | 
mark mark 

5 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly," p. 247, Vol. 10. ' 

"Charles City County, Nov'' 27. 1657. Thomas Tanner, i 

Patent for 250 a. . . . which lies on a point , 

. _ . . on the south side of James River, and on the east 1 

side of the head of Powell's creek, near the old Town." \ 

"Va. His. Mag. Vol. 3." p. 125. I 

"Ed. Bland died intestate, and his widow Margaret mar- \ 

ried Thomas Tanner; she also survived him, Edward • 

Bland was the son of Edward Bland." I 

p. 126. "Margaret Tanner, also by deed Aug. 6th, 1723 \ 

conveyed her life interest in 1-3 of said land to ." =^206. \ 

In a List of Tythables of Lawnes Creek, Surry Co., Va., f 

1668. Edward Tanner, 1. 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly Vol. 8. p. 162." 

p. 247. "Lists of emigrants to America," Hotten. 

"Musters of the Inhabitants in Va. 1624. 

Elizabeth Cittie, 5 

Leiueten' Thomas Purfray his Muster. 

Thomas Purfray aged 43 in the George 1621. 

. . . Danniell Tanner aged 40 in the Sampson 1618. 
(born 1582 or 1.) Servants Henrie Feeldes aged 26 in the 
Jacob 1624. William Bauldwin. 

"Lists of emigrants to America 1600-1700." Hotten, 
p. 169, 185: 

"Lists of the Livinge, and dead in Virginia, Febr: 16th 
1623. At Elizabeth Cittie, (in a list of the living) Daniell 
Tanner. 

♦(This name may not be correct, as on the will it is nearly obliterated. 
Editor) 

*2o6. See a rather full account of the Bland's in Henings Stat, at 
Large Vol. 6. p. 304. 

452 



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Tanner Family 



"Va. His. Mag. Vol. 5." p. 122. 

"Viewers of Tobacco Crop, 1639. Elizabeth City County. 
From William Parry's House to the uppermost end of the 
county . . . Dan' Tanner." 

"Va. His. Mag. Vol. 5." p. 112. 

Mr. Harrison . . . in 1640 was called to the Parish 
of Elizabeth River . . . The Parish church was at 
Sewall's Point, . . . and John Watkins assumed 36£ 
for the inhabitants of Daniel Tanner's Creek." 

"Records Surry Co. 1645-1672" at State Library Rich- 
mond, Va. p. 107. 

"Bill bindeth me Daniel Tanner of Eliz: Cittye planter, 
. . . signed 20th Aprill 1646. Daniell Tanner. 

These Tanners are not far from the Middlesex Co. Tan- 
ners, as London is in Middlesex Co., England. 

Conveyance of Edward Hatcher . . . planter 
land granted by patent to Edward Hatcher 6 Oct. 1675 
Wit. Edward Tanner, Henrico Co., Va. 

See "Va. Co. Records" Vol. 7. p. 160. 1675. 
"Commissary Department, To Lieut. Tanner 

1 bbl. pease 1 

(4 ?) bbl.biscakeU£. 

2/3 bbl.porke, J 

In Hull's Journal, King Philip's War, Supplies to 
Plymouth.* 

"The Registers of St. iSIary's Church, :Middlesex Co., 
England. "Harrow on the Hill," 1558-1653. Marriages, 

Thomas Tanner and Margaret Greenhill November, 
Nth. 1563. Vol. l.part 1. p. 48. 

Robert Tanner and Agnes Aleward February 5th. day 
1564. Vol. 1. p. 48. 

Buried Agnes Tanner June 7, 1569. Vol. 1. p. 89. 

Buried— Robert Tanner, Sept. 2. 1569. 

"Margaret Tanner married John Oxten, June 28. 1573. 
p. 54. 

*This account relates to the early part of the War and the Mount Hope 
Campaign under General Cudworth. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Alice Tanner, married Robt. Hall, July 1. 1576. p. 56. 

"Isabell Tanner, married James Ware Oct. 12. 1578." 
p. 58. 

"Joane Tanner married Anthony Stanborough 8th day 
Sept. 1583." p. 61. 

"The Registers of St. Mary's Harrow-on-the-Hill. Co. 
Middlesex, England." Baptisms,* 

"March 24. 1562, Elizabeth Tanner." 

"Feb. 18. 1564, Richard Tanner." 

"Sept. 1. 1565, John Tanner." 

"Sept. 30. 1565", Isabel Tanner." 

"March 17. 1565, Elizabeth Tanner." ' ' 

"Nov. 18. 1571, Katherin Tanner." 

"Dec. 27. 1572, Dorothy Tanner." , ,. 

"March 21. 1573, Henry Tanner." 

"Aug. 19th. 1576, Awdrev Tanner. 

"Sept. 24. 1576, John Tanner." , ; 

"February 20. 1579, Wm. Tanner." p. 20. ' "^ . 

"Sept. 7. 1589, John Tanner." p. 36. 

"Aprill 11. 159i, Elizabeth Tanner." p. 36 (c). 

"Jan. 2. 1592, Rebeka Tanner." p. 42. 

"Harrow on the Hill," part 2, December 1638, p. 178. 

The 13th day was buried the wife of Thomas Page, Gent. 
of Harrow hill. 

marriage of Eliz. Tanner p. 1. Vol. 1. part 2. 

bap. of Jno. Smith the younger, 1606 p. 138. Vol. 1. 
part 1. 

bap. Joan Tyler p. 137. Vol. 1. part 1. 

bap. Anna of Henry Tanner ... p. 132 (a) 

bap. Henry son of Thomas Tanner, p. 129 

bap. Wm. Tanner, p. Ill 

bap. George Tanner 1584, p. 107 

bap. Joane Tanner 1564, p. 84 

marriage Dorothy Tanner 1594, p. 70 

"Lists of Emigrants to America 1600-1700" Hotten. p 
425. "Barbados, The Parish of St. Michaels December 12 
1678, Buried Elizabeth (Tanner) y« daughter of Mary 
Tanner." 

*There are more Tanners here if desired. 
454 



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Tanner Family 



"Newspaper Cuttings" 5. Va. p. 113. "The first of this 
family of whom we know anytliing was Joseph Tanner, of 
Henrico Co., Va. married Mary, (she mar. 2nd Time Gil- 
bert Piatt) and died before 1678. They had 1, Joseph 
Tanner, b. 1661. mar. Widow of Matthew Turpin, 2, Ed- 
ward Tanner, b. 1674. 3, Mary Tanner, mar. Wm. Lygon 
of Henrico Co. Va. 4, Martha Tanner married Edward 
Haskins, of Henrico Co. 

"Joseph Tanner was a Justice of Henrico Co. Va., in and 
before 1742." 

r "Branch Tanner, of Amelia County, Va. was Lieutenant 

j in service against the French and Indians in 1758." 

I "Henings Statutes at Large. Vol. 7. p 1758. 

[ "To Lieut. Branch Tanner 15£. 18s. Od. 

I (1.) Joseph Tanner. 

Henrico Co, Va, d. 1667, Will dated 7th of Dec. Reed 
June 1. 1668. Had 1. Mary Tanner, mar. Wm. Lygon. 

2. Joseph Tanner Jr. mar. before 1694 Sarah men. in 
Deed Book 1688-1697. men. at horse race in Henrico Co. 
1678. 

3. Edward Tanner. (I think this Edward d. in 1684 
has sons Edward, John. Wm.) 

4. Martha Tanner mar, 1st. Thos Jones* had 
(3) Thomast & Lucretia Jones Mar. 2nd. 
(2) Edmrd Haskins before Oct 16. '89 & has 
Edward Haskins Jr. b. about 1691. 
"Penna. Arch 1st. Ser. Vol 1." p. 44. 
Joseph Tanner, John Tanner Wm. Tanner each buy 

500 a. of land in London from Wm. Penn. 22nd. day of 3 
Mo. 1682. 

"Va. His. Mag. Vol. 2." p. 294. 

"Henrico co. Records 1677-92" p. 65. 

In describing a horse race "Joseph Tanner made 
answer ye start is faire" Oct. 1678. (This is in Va.) 

"Deeds Wills &c. for Surry Co. Va" at State Library, 
Richmond, Va. "1684-86." p. 58. 

(*Thos. Jones Will dated 22nd day of Jan'y 1688.) 
(tThomas Jones Jr not yet 16, in 1688.) 
455 



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"Will of Edward Tanner, dated Jan. 24, 1684. 
I, Edward Tanner, ... To Edest son Edward, and 
to youngest Son William all my Land, ... to loving 
wife, and my son John, ... to Edward or Wm. if they 
should dye in theire Non-age or without issue . . . then 
my land to return to Robert Seale . . . 

his mark 
signed Edward E Tanner, 
Wit. seale 

Thom°as Right red ' ' • 

his mark wax 

covered, 
Elizabeth E Corwell Recorded 

her mark Feb'ry 15th 1685, 

Test Wm. Edwards CI. Cur. 

"Wife" Edward Tanner, 'Will dated 1684, 

1st. child, Edward Tanner, not 21. in 1684. 

2nd. child, John Tanner, not 21. in 1684. 

3rd. child William Tanner, not 21 in 1684. 

Recorded Feb. 15. 1685. 

These three men buy each 500 a. in 1682. 

Joseph Tanner, (I think this is the son of Joseph Sr. who 
d. 1667.) men 1678 as a full grown man. 

John Tanner, (I think this is son of Daniel who d. 1653) \ 

Wm. Tanner, clerk of Henrico Co. as early as 1665. \ 

men. in 1730. as Wm. Tanner Sr. 1 

At Penna His. So. Phila., Pa. p. 177. "Historic Notes | 

of Old Coles Church." "John Tanner mar. Susanna Alcott, \ 

13th of 1st Mo. 1738." Old Coles Church is an Episcopal j 

church near Haddonfield, N. J. | 

"Va. His. Mag. Vol 1 1 ." p. 3 1 1 . j 

"George Mansfield of Va. in the parts beyond the seas, i 

merchant, now at London, Will. 21 May 1670 proved 27 | 

July 1670. . . . To my cousin Elizabeth Tanner, widow, | 

10£. To my three sisters Anne Sumner the wife of Francis | 

Sumner, ^Slary Swann the wife of Col. Thomas Swann, & { 

Margaret Oldis the wife of Oldis 10£ apiece. . . ." I 



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Tanner Family 



At Yorktown, York Co. Va. County Clerk's Office, 
"Wills and Inventories 1729-1732" p. 154. • _ 

"At a court held at York Co, Feb. 15th 1730, ■''''"' 

"At the motion of William Tanner Sr,* to ... it is 
ordered that the said Alice Wilkinson do pay him for one 
day's attendance each, according to law with costs." 

"Va. His. Mag Vol 13." p. 176. 

"List of Tithables in the Parish of King Wm. for the 
year 1736 — Edward Tanner, and Edward Tanner Jr." 

Joseph Tanner, of Chesterfied Co. Va. Will dated Oct. 
3. 1757, wife Jane. 

September, 1758. Branch Tanner, Lieutenant, Amelia 
Co., Va. "Va. Colonial Militia," p. 65. Taken from 
"Hening's Statutes at Large" 

Any female Lineal Descendant of this man may be a 
Colonial Dame. Ed. 

"Wm. & IMary College Quarterly His. Papers." p. 206. 

"Feb. 8th 1764 

John Taner with Miss Mary Lamount. 

Brand Tanner married, in Amelia County Va. Mary Page 
Finney January— 1764. Va. Co. Rec. Vol. 4, part 1, 67. 

William Pride married in Amelia County, Va, Mary 
Tanner, August 31. 1764. "Va. County Records, Vol. 4. 
part. l."p. 69. 

John Tanner, Chesterfield Co. Va. 1771-'73. August 
Court 1773. "Va. His. Mag." Vol. 11. p. 415. 

Tanners of New England 

"American Ancestry" Vol. 9. p. 42. 

"Thomas Tanner of Cornwall, Ct. b. in Rhode Island 

about 1705, married Oct. 1730-2, Martha died in 

I Cornwall 1750. settled there abt. 1740, farmer, Had 

I Wm, Thomas, Hannah & Mehitable Tanner. 

t *(This must be the Wm. Tanner who buys SOO a. from Penn in 1683.) 

f 457 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Thomas b. in Cornwall, Ct. June 30, 1743. Died in 
Cooperstown New York 1817, soldier in French War, and 
2nd. Lieut, in Rev. War 1776. Mar. Oct. 30. 1765. Anna 
Baldwin, Had Ira, Thomas, Zera, &c. 

Thomas Tanner, of Cornwall, Ct. was a descendent of 
the emigrant from West England between 1640-1650." 

More here if desired about this family of Tanners in 
1700, 1800, 1900. 



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THE FAMILY OF HILL 



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Son of 
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Coat of Arms. 

Hill (Yarmouth & Lynn, Co, Norfolk England) 

Gu. two bars erm. in chief a lion passant or. 

Crest. On a Chapeau gu. turned up erm. a demi lion 
passant or, betw. two dragons' wings expanded of the first, 
each charged with as many bars of the second. , : , • 

See Burke's General Armory, P. 490, 

See also, Fairbains' Crests, Vol 7, p. 219. 

Coats of Arms, p. 128, ^'ol. 6. "Wm. & Mary Col. Quar." 

"At Shirley is a hatchment representing Hill, impaling 
a saltire between four garbs," The only English who bore 
these arms is that of Reade. The family of Col. George 
Reade is well known, but the arms are different. There is, 
however, the family of Clement Reade, who came originally 
from King & Queen (Co.) whose records are destroyed" 

Read (East Bcrgholt, Co. Suffolk) 

Ar. a saltire gu. betw. four garbs or. Crest — A falcon 
rising ppr. billed or, standing on a reed lying fessways vert. 

Burke's General Armory, p. 843 

Wm. & Mary Quarterly Vol. 1. p. 116. Instances of 
the use of arms in Virginia previous to 1776. 

Hill; tomb of Colonel Edward Hill at "Shirley" Charles 
City Co. 

Hill Coat of Arms, Va. 

"Col. Humplirey Hill, Hillsborough King & Queen Co. 
Va. 

Azure, on a chevron between three owls argent, three 
mullets sable, a bordure ermine. 

Page 72. "Croziers General Armory" Hill Crest. 

p. 158 "Mr. Keane of Lynchburg has a seal once belong- 
ing to Col. Humphrey Hill of Hillsborough of King & 
Queen Co. who d. March 1775 bearing the following arms 
described in Burke: Hill, of .Tiverton, County Gloucester, 
azure on a chevron between 3 owls three mullets sable, a 
bordure ermine." 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Hills, Massa. "Joseph Hills, Charlesto^ii 1630, (Essex) 
Ermine on a fesse sable, a tower with two turrets ppr. 
Crest — A Tower as in Arms." 

"Americans of Gentle Birth" by Mrs. Pitman, at Con. 
Library, Wash, D. C. 

"Edward Trabue when only a lad entered the Rev. Army, 
was in active defense of his country at Guilford Court 
House was at Gates defeat, also at Yorktown. When the 
was was over Edward Trabue mar. 1st Martha Haskins, 
dau. of Colonel Robert Haskins, an officer of the Revolu- 
tion, & "Elizabeth Hill "of the Hills of Surry" both of 
English origin, descendants of the early Va. colonists. They 
emigrated to Kentucky and built for themselves a handsome 
home in Woodford Co. They were accompanied by his 
mother 01)TOpia Du Puy Trabue (wife of John James 
Trabue, and grand daughter of Bartholomew Du Puy the 
well-known French Huguenot.) She died at his home, aged 
93 (and is buried on one side of Edward Trabue while 
Martha Haskins Trabue his Wife, lies on the other side of 
Edward. These graves are on the farm there in Woodford 
Co, only the remnants of the tombstones remaining) 

Robert Haskins, b. 1732, mar. Elizabeth Hill. D. 1803. 

Edward Trabue b. 1760. Mar. Martha Haskins. D. 1814. 

"Shirley, was named by Sir Thomas Dale, Governor of 
the Colony of Va. in 1611. He named it in honor of Sir 
Thomas Shirley, of Whiston, England. It is set down in 
the history of the Indian Massacre of 1622 as one of the 
five or six well-fortified places, p. 64. "Some Colonial 
Homesteads" Harland 

It was owned by the Honorable sometimes called "Sir" — 
Edward Hill, "A member of His Majesty's Council in 
Va. Colonel & Commander-in-Chief of the Counties of 
Charles City & Surry, Judge of his Majesty's High Court 
of Admiralty, & Treasurer of Va." He was Speaker of 
the Assembly of Burgesses November 1654." 

"Shirley was built about 1650. 



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Hill Family 



Colonel (or Sir) Edward Hill mar. Miss Williams, a 
beau. Welsh heiress, they came together to America" 

Va His. Mag. Vol 16. No 1. July 190S p. 14. 
Patents issued. The Corporation of Elizabeth City. 
Edward Hill 100 a, Planted, May 15. 1625. 

Va His jNIag Vol 1. p. 333. 

Capt. Ed. Hill, Colonel Ed. Hill, died 1663; 

Colonel Ed. Hill, born 1637, died 1700; 

General Ed. Hill, of Shirley, d. 1748. 

"Old King Wm. Homes & Families" p. 64. 

"Edward Hill of Elizabeth City Co. died May IS. 1624. 
He was a member of the council of Safety, and a noted 
cliaracter in early Government, and the ancestor of the 
Hills of "Shirley." His wife was a daughter of Richard 
Boyle of London." 

Va. Mag. Vol. 1. p. 333. "Capt. Ed. Hill died 1624." 

Va. Mag. Vol. 4. p. 27. 

At a court held at James Citty 19th of Feb. 1626 Jane 
Hill is men. as living at Shirley Hundred. 

"The family name of "Hill" is a prominent one in Prince 
George Co." "It contained two Parishes Martin's Brandon, 
& Bristol. 

Va. His. Mag. Vol 3. p. 156. ■-••■ 

"Edward Hill, the first person bearing this name in Va 
was Edward Hill of Elizabeth City Co. who was buried in 
that Co. May 15. 1624. 

On the 9th of September 1622 "Master Edward Hill" 
had distinguished himself by a brave & successful defence 
of his house against the Indians. Among the Duke of Man- 
chester's MSS. is a letter from Edward Hill, Elizabeth City, 
Virginia, dated April 14th, 1623 to his brother John Hill, 
Mercer, in Lumbard Street, London, & another to his 
"father in law" Mr. Richard Boyle, 

This Edward Hill was possibly the father of the next 
named, who was the first from whom descent can with cer- 
tainty be traced." 

463 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Old King Wm Homes & Families p. 64. "Edward Hill, 
Of Elizabeth City Co, who died ]May IS, 1624. A member 
of the Council and noted character in the early Government, 
and ancestor of the Hills of "Shirley." His wife was the 
daughter of Richard Boyle, of London. He had a brother 
John Hill, mercer in Lombard Street, London. 

'■ '•■ ' ■'' ■ '■ Hill '" _ 

1st in Des. Captain Ed. Hill, died 1624. Eliz. City Co. 
Va. member of Coun. of Safety. 

2nd. in Des. Col. Ed. Hill, mar. Miss Williams. Charles 
City Co. Sep. 17. 1655. d. 1663. Col. & Commander in 
Chief of Counties of Charles City & Surry, Judge & Bur- 
gess Nov. 1654. 

3rd in Des. Col. Ed. Hill b. 1637— d. 1700. Charles 
City Co. col. in 1680. In 1699— Col. & Com. in chief. 
Was one of the members of Council 1677. 

4th in Des. Ed. Hill Jr. Lieut. Col. 1699. Elizabeth 
Hill mar. 1723 John Carter. Martha Hill mar Hugh 
Gifford. 

"An account of the descendants of Col. Humphrey Hill 
of King & Queen Co. Va. thro, dau as well as sons" 

Va Hist. Mag. Vol 14 p. 448. April 1907 

"The Hill Family of Va." compiled by J^Irs. Giles C. 

Courtney (Richmond) Richmond Va. 1905 

"Society of , Colonial Wars 1907-1911." p. 356. 
"Colonel Edward Hill, 1637-1700. Member of the 

House of Burgesses of Virginia. Speaker of the House 

and ISIember of Council, Commander-in-Chief in Henrico 

and Charles City Counties in 1656." 
p. 237. Vol 10. "Va Hist. Mag." 
"April 16. 1684 "Journal of Assembly of Va." 
"The House of Burgesses, 1683 & 1684" 
"Charles City Co.: Colonel Edward Hill," 
Va His. Mag Vol 3. p 157 



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Hill FAiiiLY 



2nd in Des. Colonel Edward Hill, of "Shirley" Charles 
City Co. was a Member of tlie House of Burgesses for 
Charles City 1639, 1642, 1644, 1645, 1647, 1649-54, 
Speaker of the House in 1644 & 1645, & member of the 
Council from 1654. He lived for a short time in Maryland 
& was chosen Governor by the Insurrectionary party but 
was taken prisoner by Governor Calvert, He was Com- 
mander in Cliief of Henrico & Charles City, & in 1656 
commanded at "Bloody Run," Edward Hill, the elder, 
of "Shirley," died about 1663. (Hening) 

p. 205. Vol. 13. Va. His. Mag. "Va. Council 1660. 
. . . Col. Edward Hill." 

p. 66. "Wm. & Mary College Quarterly" Vol 3. 
"The Colonial Council of Va. Edward Hill 1655. Ed- 
ward Hill Jr. r688." 

Henings Stat, at Large Vol. 1. p. 526. 

Grand Assembly heldlit James Cittie 13th. of Mar. 1659- 

60. "The council of State . . . Coll. Edward Hill," 

p. 194. Vol. 13. "Wm & Mary College Quar." 

"Three Notable Indian Battles," (1st) The battle 
between the Ricahecreans, in 1656, and the English under 
Colonel Edward Hill, assisted by one hundred Pamunkey 
warriors under Totopotomoi, was fought in Hanover Co, 
near the creek now bearing the name of Totopotomoi,* 

Election of Francis i»,Iorrison as Gov. July 10. 1661. 

^Member of Council . . . — "Edw. Hill . . . — Copy 
recorded in Lancaster Co." p. 289. Vol. 12. Va. His. 
Mag. 

"Va. His. Mag." Vol 3. p. 405. 

Richard Cocke born about 1600, d. 1665 mar. 1st 
2nd — Marv Aston dau. of Col. Walter .-Vston, when 



Richard Cocke died (1665) Mary Aston Cocke mar. 2nd 
time Col. Edward Hill, of Charles City & had children, 

*"In the peninsula made by these two branches,— a great Indian king 
called Totopotomoi was heretofore slain in battle, fighting for the Chris- 
tians against the Mohocks and Nohyssons, from whence it retains his name 
to this day" — Discoveries of John Lcderer (1669). 
465 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

p. 407. Vol 3. Va His. Mag. 

"The first Colonel Edward Hill was owner of an "Ordi- 
nary" in Charles City County & there is complaint against 
him for his exorbitant charges." 

In 1681 this was owned by Thomas & Richard Cocke, 
who own a ferry & an "Ordinary" & as late as 1810 it was 
still Cocke's Ferry. 

p. 230. Vol. 9. "Wm & Mary College Quar." 
"July 25. 1638, 450. a. Edward Hill near a place called 
by the name of Jordans or Beggars Bush." 

"Va. His. Mag." Vol. 2. p. 419. 

"Jordon's Journey was an early settlement, now in the 
Co. of Prince George. It was the residence of Samuel 
Jordon, & was first called Beggar's Bush (the name of a 
play of Fletcher's) & is now called Jordon's Point, It 
was long the residence of the Blands. 

Mrs. Hallie Pittman's Book, 

Edward Hill, b. 1634. (?) died 1663. 

Speaker of the House, Had a Son — 3rd in Des. 

Edward Hill, b. 1657 (should be 1637). mar. Miss 
Williams. Was Commander in Chief of Charles City Co. 
& Surry. Attorney General, "appointed by Gov. Chiche- 
ley Sept. 27th. 1679" & Collector of Upper James River. 
Member of the Council, Treasurer, & Speaker of the House 
of Burgesses in 1691. For all this see also Va His Mag. 
Vol 3. p. 157. Judge of Admirality Court Va. & North 
Carolina in 1697. (Sainsbury Papers) Portraits of him- 
self & wife hang at Shirley. Upon his tomb is carved a 
coat of arms, a lion passant, crest a demi-lion rampant. 
(Ed. Flill died Nov. 30th. 1700) see Tombstone Inscrip. 
in full Vol 3. p. 157. His. Mag. He had son — 

4th in Des. 1st Col. Edward Hill, of Shirley,* (died 
1748) Collector of James River 1716. was recommended 
by the Governor (1707) as "a gentleman of estates & worth, 
suitable to fill vacancies in Council" (Sainsbury Papers) 

♦Shirley was in Charles City Co. 

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Hill Family 



His daughter Elizabeth Hill mar. (1723) Secretary John 
Carter of Carotoman, (Lancaster Co, Va.) (Born 1690. 
died 1743 Secretary of State of Va. 

p. 107. Vol 10 Va. Hist. Mag. 

"Williams-Hill." "The following pedigree is taken from 
the Harleian MSS. 2289, page 65. in the British Museum. 

Sir Edw. Williams, Kt. had Henry mar. Mary 

Elizabeth mar. Edw. Hill of Va. 

Note by Ed. "In an account of the Hill Fam. pub- 
\ lished in the Richmond Standard it was stated that accord- 

ing to tradition the wife of Col. Edward Hill 2d. of Shirley 
; was Miss Williams"* 

: The pedigree of other Williams may be found on p. 107. 

\ Vol 10. Va Hist. Ivlag. 

i At Land Office, Richmond, Va. "Patents Book 1. Vol. 

I 2." "Edward Hill buys 450 a. July 25, 1638. "Records 

I 1677-1692" Co. Clerks Office Richmond, Va. Edward 

t Hill constitutes John Stith his attorney 24th. of Novemb-r 

I 1675." 

I "Colonel Edward Hill receives 4,000 a. of land on the 

J Rappahanock River for transporting SO persons. (Irish 

I assigned by Capt. Barret," To Col. Ed. Hill one of the 

l\ Councillors of State." 

I "PatentsNo. 4. Vol. l.p. 450&451. Land Office, Rich- 

f mond, Va. Sir Wm Berkley grants to Col. Ed. Hill, Charles 

I City Co. for transporting 43 persons 2,476 a. in Charles 

I City Co. 416 thereof lying in Shirely Hundred, adjoining 

I Mrs. Aston on the North," "Dated 8th December 1660 

another part on Carneges Creek &c. The remainder of 

the land is bounded &c. on Turkey Island Creek." p. 27. 

Vol. 10. Wm & Mary College Quarterly. 
Col. Ed. Hill, Militia Officers, Charles City, Co. Sep. 

17th, 1655. p. 95. "Va. Col. Militia," Crozier. 

p. 333. Vol.1. "Va. Mag." "Col. Ed. Hill died 1663" 
His. Mag. Vol. 3. 401. 

*("I think a much fuller pedigree of Sir Edw. Williams could be 
gotten from this MS." Ed.) 

467 









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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches. 



"Col. Walter Aston d. 6th of April 1656 aged 49 yrs, had 
a grant, Aug. 12, 1646 of 1041 acres, Charles City Co. Va. 
a part of which he purchased in 1634. His wife is named 
in the patents Warbrow or Norbrow, and he mar. 2ndly 
Hannah who afterwards mar. Colonel Edward Hill, Va. 

"Va His. Mag." Vol IV p. 3. 

"Col. Jordan had many relatives in Surry. In a petition 
recorded in Surry Jan. 14, 1656 Hannah Hill states that 
her husband had died intestate, & asks that his brother in 
law Geo. Jordan be granted admin, on the Estate." 

p. 33. Vol 10. "Wm & ]\Iary Col. Quar." 

"Hannah Hill, dau. of Col. Ed. Hill, of Shirley in 
Charles City Co. Va. mar. Edward Chilton who was bar- 
rister of the Middle Temple, London, & came to Va. prior 
to 1682. No issue. 

p. 160. "Wm & INIary College Quarterly" Vol 7. The 
Gov. Francis Nicholson gives power in 1690 to Coll. Ed. 
Hill, to procure as many subscriptions, &c. for the College, 

"Va. Colonial Militia," p. 105. Crozier June 3, 1699. 
Edward Hill colonel & commander in chief. 

Edward Hill Jr. Lieutenant Colonel," 

"p. 103. Military Officers in Va. 1680 Charles City 
Co. Col. Edward Hill." Va. Col. ^Militia, Crozier. 

"Patents Vol 5. p. 86. at Land Office, Richmond Va. 
Capt. Ed. Hill, receives by will from Col. Ed. Hill, 4000 
a. on Rappahannock River, Deed dated Sep. 28 1664 

p. 363 Vol. 1. Va. J^Iag. 

Among names of Public Officers in Va. Collectors July 
8, 1702, Edward Hill (Upper) District: 

Burning of Wm & Mary College, 1705, Collo. Edward 
Hill being one who lodged in the college saith as follows; 

Va. His. Mag. p. 319 Vol 3. 

Colonel Edmund Scarburgh, "Surveyor Gen. of Va." & 
"Col. & Com. in chief of all the inhabitants of the Eastern 
shore," had dau. Tabitha, mar, Col. Wm Smart, & had 
Tabitha mar Richard Hill of Hill's Farm, near Accomac, 
C. H. Va. His. Mag. p. 319 Vol 3. 



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Hill Family 



Tabitha Scarburgh Smart, mar, 2nd. Devereux Browne, 
Tabitha Scarburgh S. Browne mar. 3rd, ^Nlajor Gen. John 
Custis, being his ord wife, he died in 1696. 

Tabitha S. S. B. Custis mar. (1696). Edward Hill, 
of Charles City Co. Va. & they set aside land for her great- 
gr. chil, (This Ed. Hill died in 1700.) They had no 
children. See Northampton Co. Records Vol. 12. p. 99. 

For another valuable ref. to this, see Vol IV p. 316. Va. 
His. Mag. 

Col. Ed. Hill b. 1637 d. 1700. 3rd in Des. - 

Gen. Ed. Hill of Shirley d. 1748 4th in Des. 

The dau. of Gen Ed. Hill of Shirley (Elizabeth) mar. 
1723 John Carter of Corotoman b. 1690 d. 1743. 

p. 408. Vol 2. Va. Mag. 

1677-Col.^ Ed. Hill (3rd in Des.) was one of the mem- 
bers of Council. 

"After the death of John Carter, his widow Eliz. Hill 
Carter mar. probably in 1745 Bowler Cocke b. 1696 — d. 
1771 at Shirley in Charles City Co." Vol. 4. p. 323 Va 
His Mag. 

General Edward Hill, of Shirley died 1748. his dau. 
Eliz— mar. 1723 John Carter of Corotoman b. 1690. d. 
1743. Page 333 

Col. Ed. Hill, is among Civil Officers for Charles Citty 
Co. Va. 1680. 

Col. Ed. Hill, Military officers for Charles Citty Co. 
1680. See Page 226. Va. Mag. Vol. 1. 

p. 333. Mary Hill mar 1648 Moore Fauntleroy. Was 
she sister to Col. Ed. Hill & dau. of Capt Hill who died 
1624. & was member of council of Safety? 

"Christ Church Register" Middlesex Co., Va." p. 192 

Edward Hill died Feb. 20th. 1736. 

John Hill, 1634. James City, Va & others— 

"2nd. Jan. 1634. Transported to Virginia imbarqued 
in ye Mercht. "Bonaventure" 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

John Hill, aged 50." 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6." p. 154. 

"Va. His. Mag." Vol. II. p. 420. 

"A record in Norfolk Co. Va. in 1647 made by John 
Hill, then bet. 50 & 60 years of age, says that he had con- 
tinued in Va. 26 years & upwards, & that he had been a 
book-binder in the University of Oxford, & was a son of 
Stephen Hill of Oxford, fletcher,*219" 

For Lower Norff, Burgess, Mr John Hill 1641." 

John Hill was Burgess for Lower Norfolk in 1639 (Rob- 
inson's Notes) and 1642." also p. 99. Va His. IMag Vol 2. 

"John Hill 350 a. at a point of land about 4 m. up the 
Westward branch of Elizabeth River & on creeks, called 
Clark's Creek & Brown's bay. By Harvey, April 20th. 
1635." p. 419. Vol. 2. Va. His. Mag. 

"The census of 1624-5 also gives the "Muster" of 
Rebecca Rose, widow living at West & Shirley Hundred. 
She was fifty years old and came in the "Marygold," in 
May 1619, and her muster included Marmaduke Hill, aged 
eleven, and John Hill, aged fourteen, who came in the same 
ship. p. 361. Vol. 11 Va. His. Mag. 

"Old King Wm. Homes & Families," p. 64. 

"John Hill, Of Lower Norfolk. Burgess 1640-2. In the 
Colony as early as 1621." 

p. 404. Vol.10. "Va. Hist. Mag." 
John Hill Henrico Co. 1687. p. 404. Vol. 10. "Va. 
Hist. Mag." 

p. 405 Vol. 10. "Va Hist. Mag." 

"Natlianiel Hill, Henrico Co. 1691. (Books in colonial 
Va.) 1 Large Bible 16 Play Books, 2 old books of Arith- 
metic 3 Latin Books, 1 book of letters; 1 Clerk's Guide." 

p. 365. Va. Hist. Mag. Vol. 11. "Va. Gleanings in 
Eng." 

Will of Throckmorton Trotman of London, Merchant, 
Will, dated Oct. 1663. proved 24 Oct 1664. ... To 

♦219. (A manufacturer.) 

470 



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• "Wm & Mary College Quarterly Historical Papers Vol 
2." p. 155. 

"at a Court holdcn in the lower Co. of Norfolke 4th of 
March 1 638." John Hill is mentioned in a case in court. 
Mr. John Hill, "Vol. 2. Va. His. Mag." p. 99. 

"House of Burgesses" 1639 Lower Norfolk . . 

In "Co. Cl's Of Portsmouth; Norfolk Co. Va." '\ 

"Deeds & Wills, 1646-1651 Norfolk Co. Court," j 

Will. "I, John Hatton in Elizabeth River in ye county ; 

of Lower Norfolk, Recorded Febr. 1650, ... . \ 

Jo hn I Ha tton f 

Wit. John Hill, his i m^7k~ j 

Same as ab. no page, bill Recorded July 1650 — 

"bindeth me Peter Hill .... 

Same as ab. p. 154 November A. D. 1650. 

Present ( . . . . j l \ 

Lower j Mr. John Hill, }. . .[Commissioners j 

Norfolk f Mr. Thomas Lambert ) . . .) | 

Mr. Jno. Hill, served in 1651, also in 1652 f 

1652. 

"Norfolk County Marriage Bonds, May 1, 1731, John \ 

Hill and iMargaret Wilson," Va, Co., Records, Vol. 6." 102. f 

"Over Wharton Parish Register Stafford co., Va." j 

p 78 "John Hill Departed this life March 19, 1743" . 

p. 80. "William Hill, Married Catherine Stacey Sept. \ 
17.1745" 

p. 86. "John Hill son of William & Catherine, bom Oct. 
11.1751" 

p. 87 "William Hill son of William born Aug. 4. 1753. 

p. 87 Martha Hill, daughter of William and Lydia, born 
May 5, 1753 

p. 88 "Martha Hill Married James Bussel, Feb. 24. 
1754." 

p. 89 "George Hill, son of William and Catherine bom I 

Feb. 19. 1755." , , _.,....:,-, 

472 I 






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Croziers "Va. Col. Militia" p. 93. 
; "1742, Augusta Co. ^^lilitia Company 5. John Hill." 

p. 37. "John Hill entitled to 200 a. of land as Sergt in 
the late war, agreeable to the King's Proclamation of 1763. 
Williamsburg, Va. May 17, 1774, Dunmore." 

Land office Richmond Va. for Revolutionary services, 

"John Hill rec'd 100 a. of land p. 293 Book 1. John 
Hill rec'd 200 a. of land Book H. p 293" 

"Chesterfield Co., Va. 25 Oct. 1775. Lieutenant John 
Hill. Ensign John Hill," "Va. Co., Records, Vol. 6." p. 
240. 

"Culpeper Co. Va., Part 2," Green p. 50. Will of John 
Hill, Dated Alay 7, 1766. Betty, dau. Sarah who mar- 
ried Deforest. Sons, Charles, Joseph, Le Roy. Recorded 
Apr. 16. 1767. 

At Yorktown, York Co. Co. Cl's Of. Va. 

Deeds Orders Wills &c. No 3. 1657-1662. p. 87. Sept. 
? 1660, Yorke Countv, Court it is granted to Gabrielle Hill 

J 300 acres of land for importing .... persons. 

I p. 88. "And that John Hill be allowed for a Wolf's head, 

t^ p. 150. "Mr. John Hill is apointed constable in ye place 

a" of Mr. John Berryman in York Parish Mr. 

I Hill having Taken Constables' Oath in Court," 

At Yorktown York Co. Va. Co. Cl's Of— p. 204 Orders, 
Wills &c. No 14. 1709-1716. "Upon the representation of 
the Church wardens of Bruton Parish It is ordered that 
Parish take & bind out the Children of one John Hill, 

at Court held Dec. 15th. 1712. 

Nicholas Hill. 1637. Elizabeth City, Co, Va. 
,: Land Office, Richmond. Va. 

j: "Nicholas Hill buys 100 a. in Elizabeth City Co. Va. 

Novr. 25th. 1637 "Patents" Book I. Vol 2. p. 506." 

"Major Nicholas Hill rec'd 750 a. in Isle of Wight Co. 
Va, on James River belonging to his wife Sylvester Hill 
formerly Sylvester Bennett, daughter of W^ Edward Ben- 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

nett, deceased, which was part of a tract of 1500 a. given 
by Richard Bennett Esq. to his son in law Thomas Bland 
& Mary Bennett Bland, dated September 30. 1664. "Pat- 
ents" Book 5. p. 27. See valuable ref. in Vol 4. \Vm. & 
Mary College Quar. p. 168. 

"Va. Co. Records Quarterly Mag. Vol. 6. March 1909." 
Elizabeth City Co. Book No. 1. p 506, Date 1637, 
Nicholas Hill 100 a. 

"Old King Wm. Homes." 

p. 64. Major Nicholas Hill, Of Accomac Co. & James 
Hill, of Gloucester Co., were Vestrymen 1677." 
Voll HI "Va Rec. Williamsburg Wills" 

p. 30. Will of Frances Hill, Isle of Wight 4. June 1788. 
prov. 5. Sept. 1791. Son Joseph. Dau. Elizabeth wife of 
John Harrison. Wit. Samuel Bidgood, Elizabeth Hill. 

p. 82. "Wm. Hill mar Ffrances Needles 7th of Septem- 
ber 1710. 

p. 88 Wm. Son of Wm. & Frances Hill born November 
ye 7. 1712. 

p. 89 Richard, son of Wm. & Frances Hill b. Jan'y 15th. 
1714. 

p. 84. Vol. 11. Va. Hist. Mag. Charles Fulgham, Cap- 
tain in place of Joseph Hill resigned, 

p. 85. at a court held aug. 7.th 1777. "& the district of 
Captain Joseph Hill," "Isle of Wight Co. Records" 

"Circuit Court of the City of Wmsburg & Co. of James 
City Va. T. H. Geddv, Co. Clerk, Sep. 21. 1907. 

Will Box H. Will of Joseph Hill, of the Parish of New- 
port, in the Co. of the Isle of Wight, to son Joseph dau. 
Mary, dau. Elizabeth, wife Frances, Ex. son Joseph Hill, 
dated 29th of October 1775. his 

recorded 4th of Jan. 1776. Signed Joseph -|-| Hill, 

mark 
Wit. Francis Young Jese Herring John Woodley. 

Wm'sburg Wills, p. 9. Crozier. 



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Hill Family 



Sept. 1804. Mary Brooke, mar. Hill & had three 

dau. men. in her bro. Wm.s' Will of King & Queen Co. Va. 

p. 13. Essex Co. Va. Feb. 1774. 
Sarali Hill, widow, mar. James Campbell 
Sarah Hill had 2 dau. Mary & Eliz. Hill men. in Will 
of James Campbell. 

p. 25. Col. Humphrey Hill, men. in 1773. in Wm. Fleet's 
will. King & Queen Co. Va. 

p. 30. Francis Hill, Isle of Wright Co. June 4 1788. 
5 Sep. 1791. Son Joseph. Dau. Elizabeth Harrison, wife 
of John Harrison. Elizabeth Hill, wit. 

p. 31. Joseph Hill, Parish of Newport, Isle of Wight Co. 
29 Oct. 17*75: 4 Jan 1776. Son Joseph. Daus Mary & Eliz- 
abeth, Wife Frances Hill. 

Circuit Court of Wm'sburg Co. of James City. 

Will Box H. Dated 4th of June 1788. 

Will of Frances Hill, Co. Isle of Wight "being aged" 
my plantation to my son Joseph Hill To dau. Elizabeth 
Harrison wife of John Harrison, 

Wit. Samuel Bidgood, Ben Tynes, Elizabeth Hill, 

Rec'd 5 th of Sept. 1791. 

Richard Hill ,, :, ,', •,'.,-;. 

1638, James City Co., Va. and Others. 

Land Office, Richmond, Va. 

"Richard Hill & Roger Arnwood buy 300 a. May 4 1638 
James City Co. "Patents," Book 1. Vol. 2. 1623-1643. p. 
578." 

"On the Chickahominy river, being a neck of Land in 
the Second creek below the Gulfe upon the East side of 
Chickahominy river." Vol. 9. p. 70. "Wm. & Mary Col- 
lege Quar." 

~ "Richard Hill buys 300 a. May 10. 1652. Book III p 1 1 1. 
Vol 1." 

"Richard Hill receives 663 a. on South Side of Potomac 
River, dated September 4. 1661. Book 5. p. 54. "Patents." 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

p. 404. Vol. 6. His. Mag. 

"Wm. Cotton receives 250 a. for the Transportation of 
five persons, names below. By Harvev July 10. 1637. 
"Wm. Cotton, Eleanor Hill, Richard Hill." 

Cap. Richard Hill, Accomac Co. Va. Civ. Officer in 1680 
p. 252 Va. His. Mag Vol 1. Horse, Cap. Richard Hill, p. 
252 Va. His. Mag Vol 1. 

Grand Assembly held at James cittie, the thirteenth of 
March 1659-60. Henings Statutes at Large Vol. 1. p. 528. 
The Burgesses for the severall Plantations, Major Rich- 
ard Hill. Isle of Wight County, Vol. 2. p. 205. 

"September 19, 1663. The committee appointed to ex- 
amine the business of the king of Potomack. . . Major 
Richard Hill." Va. Mag. Vol. 10. p. 68. 

"Richard Hill, Overseer unto Mr. Edm. Scarburgh, his 
servants, . . . hath lately pr-sented a gun att the 
breast Of the sd King of Ocehannocke, whereby hee was 
disturbed in his huntinge, &c. &c. 7 May, 1650, see Vol. 
3. p. 212, Northampton Co. Va, Records."' 

"Jan. 1655, Indenture, 20 May, 1655, Southwark Parish, 

Surry, Witness Richard Hill," "Va. Co. 

Records, Vol. 6." p. 159. 

Land Office Richmond, Va. "Richard Hill Jr. receives 
650 a. Accomac Co. Va. for transportation of nine persons, 
200 a. of this land had been granted previously to Rich- 
ard Hill by patent dated Feb. 2^3. 1663 see "Patents" Book 
V. p. 413. 

"Deeds Wills &c for Surrv Co. Va." at State Library, 
Richmond, Va "1684-1686," p 65. 

Deed of Land Dated 15th of Sept 1685. 

Lion Hill of the upper Parish of Southwarke, Co. of 

Surry, Va. planter and Elizabeth his wife ... to 

Wm. Gray of ye same Parish — ... all that pattent 

bearing date the 28th of Feb. 1681 by the transportation of 

nine persons into the collony .... Land 400 a. 

• • • • signed Lion Hill. Seals red wax 

Wit. Wm. Thompson her 

Fra : Clements Eliz. E Hill 

Will Fforeman. mark 






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Records Surry Co. 1645-1672 at State Library Rich- 
mond, p. 66. 

"2nd of Jan'y 1655. Assignment of land to Richard 
Hill, in the Co of Surrey in Southwarke Parish," 

p. 69. Robert Hill (seale) signs a paper Febr. 1655. 
bond of 50,000 lbs of tob: 

p. 89. Matthew Hill doe authorize my friend .... 
to be my lawful attorney. 13th Jan'y 1656 signed 
Mathew Hill. 

p. 90. Hannah Hill asks that her brother-in law Capt. 
Geo: Jordan takes charge of her estate "as it hath pleased 
God to take my husband, & having md- noe will, .... 
Rec'rd 14° Jan'y 1656 at Surrey Co. Court, 

"Va. 1. Feb., 1655, Summons for court of Surry to 
Elizabeth Bannister, Robert Hill, " 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6." p. 160. 

"Accomac Co., 1664, Robert Hill, receives 400 a." 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6. p. 97. 

"Rappahannock Co., Va, 1665, Rich,d Bridgar, Robt. 
I Hill and John Mayhew receive 1200 a." 

I "Va. Co., Records, Vol. 6." p. 193. 

|, At State Library Richmond, Va. "Records 1645-1672. 

I Surry Co. Va." p. 48. "March 31st 1655, By the Grand 

I Assembly, Where as Capt. Geo. Jordan by petition to this 

I present grand assembly hath most humbly desired that in 

I Regarde of Ceftaine Scandelous Reports Spread abroad in 

I this Colonye Concerning his marriage with Eliz: Cotes 

I (sometime the supposed Wife of Richard Hill) that this 

assembly . . . would examine .... into the 
grounds & reasons of sd- marriage .... and the 
whole house being satisfied concerning the Lawfulness of 
the same They are therefore to certify the marriage of the 
sd. Geo. Jordan & Eliz: Coates to be lawfull & just. 
• • . . Signed Edward Hill speaker. 

Rec'rd 20th Apr. 1655. - 



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At State Library Richmond, Va, "Records 1645-1672 
Surry Co. Va" p. 49. 

"At a Quarter Court Iield at James Cittye the 26th of •; 

March 16S5, "This day Capt Geo: Jordan had com- \ 

playned that Certaine persons had . . . scandalized 
him in his marriage with Mrs. Eliz: Coates: .... j 

sd- Eliz: was married to Daniel Coates & that the sd. Daniel ■ 

Coates Was living when she married & lived with Mr. | 

Rich: Hill. . . . that the sd- Daniel — deceased on the | 

13th Aprill last in Ireland. Whereupon it was Lawfull i 

for the sd, Eliz: to marrye whom she pleased & for the sd- 

Hill which he alsoe did signed Wm. Clai- 

bone Secret, rec-rd 20th April 1655." 

p. 55. Has a statement signed "account of James Taylor 
dec'd rec-rd June 20 1655 Nich°: Hill (Major)" 

At Co Cl's Of. Surry, Va, "Deeds, No. 2. p. 63." Dated I 

Feb. 6. 1686. 

"Indenture Ralph Hill of Surry Co. & Hannah his wife, | 

. . . . signed Ralph Hill=Seal red wax — 1 

Rec'rd, Feb. 7. 1686, Hannah -f her mark Hill, j 

p. 391 at Co. Cl's Office Surry Co. Va. (Sept. 30. 07. f 
Ed.) 

"Deeds & Wills &c. 1 7 1 5=1730." 5 

"Indenture Dated Jan, 15th, 1721 Between Robert Hill, I 

sealed with wafer Tabitha her V mark Hill, sealed with | 

wafer. Sold To Henry BrowTie," 125 a, for 50. ( 

Wit. Richard Hill, ^ 

John Cripps, Edward his H mark Harris | 

p. 4. Vol. 14. Wm. & ]\Iary College Quar. "Notes from | 

Albermarle Parish Register" Mary, daughter Richard Hill 
& Margery his wife, born April 15. 1760. 

p. 5. (same ref. as above) 

Capt. Richard Hill, died July 9. 1775. 

Vol. 12. p. 13. "Wm. & Mary College Quar." 
Hannah Hill mar. 15 Nov. 1764 Ephraim Parham, see 
Sussex Co. Marriage Bonds, Security Richard Hill, 



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At Surry Co. Cl's Of- Va., "Wills & Deeds 1778-1783." 
Dated 21st of Jan'y 1782 

"Moses Hill of the Parish of Southwark in the county 
of Surry, To son Benjamin Hill Land whereon I now live, 
To son Lewis Hill ... to son Sterling Hill, . . . 
To Beloved Wife Mary .... sons Lewis & Sterling 
Ex. 

his 
Wit. Nathan Jones, signed Moses M Hill 

Robert Eldridge, mark 

John Carseley, 

Rec'rd Sep. 24. 1782. 

Thomas Hill, or Va. 
1638 James City Co. 

"Thomas Hill, Sepf 1. 1 643 3000 acres near the head of 
the Upper Chippokes Creek." 

"Wm. & :Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 9." p. 143. 

Land Office, Richmond Va. 

"Thomas Hill buvs 48 poles 5 August 1638. James 
City Co. 

See "Patents" No. 1. Vol. 2. p. 588. adjoining the land 
of Richard Kemp, & near the land of Richard Tree." 

P. 71, Vol. 9, "Wm. & Mary Col. Quar." 

"Thomas Hill buys 600 a. James City Co. Oct. 10. 1645. 
"Patents" Book 2. Vol. 1. p. 46." Lying at the rich neck, 
being a part of a patent of 1200 a. dated Feb. 23rd. 1636 
gr. to Geo. Menifie as by pat. &c. 

p. 93. Vol. 10. Wm. & Mary Col. Quar. 

"Thomas Hill received 500 a. in the Potomac Freshes for 
transporting ten persons, September 18th, 1657. 

"Patents" Vol. 1. Book 4. p. 181." 
^^ Thomas Hill, Gentleman, buys 3,000 a. Dec. 23."^- 1649. 
"near the head of upper Chipoakes Creek." 

"Patents" Book 2. p. 141. 

p. 143. "Vol. 9. Wm. & ISIary College Quar." 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Thomas Hill, Septr. 1. 1643. 3000 a. near the head of 
the upper Chippokes Creek." . . ..:.., 

"Va. His. Mag." p. 51. Vol. 9. \ 

att a Grand Assembly holden at James Cittie the 12th ': 

Day of January, An° 1641, The Names of the Burgesses of 

the sev'U Plantations; For James Cittie: . . . Mr. : 

Tho. Hill. ... i 

"Wm. & Mary College Quarterly." Vol. 1, p. 91. | 

"Captain Thomas Hill patented lands in Potomac, 1657; | 

headrights Capt. Thomas Hill three times; Mary Bushrod 1 

twice; John Hill, George Hill, Thomas Hill, Mary Hill, ? 

Francis Hill," Land Office. | 

"Captain Tliomas Hill married Mary Piersey, daughter ; 

of Abraham Piersey, of the Council, see Sainsbury MSS. \ 

"Mary Hill wife of Capt. Thomas Hill of Essex Lodge, | 

which was in 1781 Washington's headquarters at tlie siege I 

of Yorktown. Essex Lodge was originally patented by < 

Captain William Brocas of the Council. ] 

Mary Hill wid. of Capt. Thomas Hill married (2ndly) j 

Thomas Bushrod who by a deposition was 53 years old \ 

in 1657." I 

p. 177, Vol. 13. Va. His. Mag. for full ac/ of Abraham | 

Persey, father of jMary, who mar. Capt. Thomas Hill see | 

ab. ref . ' f 

Abraham Persey came to Va. in 1616, was cape merchant, I 

or treasurer, of the colonv, & member of the Council. See f 

this Mag. 1. 187 & 188. Will dated 1626, proved 1633. j 

p. 1 78. Administration granted to Mary Hill als Persey, | 

His wife Frances Persey being dead. | 

p. 171, Vol. 11. "Va. Hist. Mag." ' j 

Abraham Persey . . . died in 1627 leaving the f 

largest estate which 'had been accumulated in Va. .His 2nd | 

wife was Frances (widow of Nathaniel West, a brother of i 

Lord Delaware) was mar. a third time in 1629 to Captain ^ 

Saml. Matthews who in this way acquired control of the | 

property. Abraham Persey had by a former wife, two dau, | 



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one Mary the wife of Thomas Hill ... & Elizabeth 
who mar. Richard Stephens." (More here if desired) 

p. 60 & 61. Vol. 11. Va. Hist. Mag. 

"Capt. Thomas Hill, prior to 1638 mar. Mary, dau. & 
co-heiress of Abraham Piersly, of "Weyanoke," Charles 
City Co. Va. & in that year was living in Va. with two 
children." 

"There is on record in York Co. a deed dated March 21, 
1693 from Thomas Hill of "Essex Lodge" York Co, in 
which he states that he was the son of John Hill whose will 
was dated December 9. 1670, & grandson of Thomas Hill, 
who purchased that place." 

"Thomas Hill patented 48 pole in James City Island 
Aug. 1. 1638, 3000 a. near the head of Chippoakes Creek 
Dec. 23. 1649." 

"Va. Gleanings in Eng. Vol. 12, p. 177-178, Va. His. 
Mag." 

"Abraham Persey of Persey's Hundred Esq. Will 1. 
March 1626: proved 10 May 1633. Executrix Francis 
Persey. "Land due for transport of servants since my going 
to England in March 1620. To Nathaniel West, sonn of 
dearly beloved wife Frances Persey, 20£ at 21. . . . 
To two daughters Elizabeth Persey & Mary Persey one 
twelfth. Bro John Persey . . . sister Judith Smjihe 
in England 20£." 

"Old King Wm. Homes and Families," p. 64. 

"Captain Thomas Hill, Whose widow, Elizabeth, mar- 
ried Colonel Thomas Bushrod of York Co, 1664. 

p. 177, Vol. 14, "Wm. & Mary Col. Quar." 
"Thomas Bushrod came to Massachusetts and afterwards 
to Va. He married Mary Hill* daughter to Capt. Thomas 
Hill. He married 2ndly Elizabeth . . , but left no 
children." 

Office of County Cl's, Yorkto\\Ti York Co. Va. p. 86. 
"Orders Wills &c. No 14. 1709-1716." 

__ 'For a good plain statement of this Mary Hill see Dr. Tyler's 
Cradle of the Republic." 






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Genealogy, wiih Brief Sketches 

Dated Aug. 28, 1710. Will. I Thomas Hill of Essex 
Lodge in the Parish of Yorkhampton & County of York 
... To son John Hill all my land . . . called 
Essex Lodge . . . 933 acres . . . when he shall 
accomplish the age of One & twenty years, if he shall dye 
before the age aforesaid or without issue . . . land to 
be divided amongst my four daughters Mary Hill, Elizabeth 
Hill, Ann Hill, and Lucy Hill, ... to my wife ]Mary 
Hill . ; . Mary Hill his wife to be sole Ex. . . 

signed Thomas Hill, 
Wit. Nath' Cross, 

Robt Cross, Rec'd May 2 1 .^t 1 7 11 . 

Richd Lawn. 

Yorktou-n, York Co. Cl's Of— Va. Book No 1, Deeds 
Orders_ Wills &c. 1633-1657 1691-1694. p. 563. 

"This Indenture made the four and twentieth day of 
March 1693 between Thomas Hill of the county & parish of 
York. Gent'- of ye one part and John Eaton of Hampton 
Parish in the said county of yorke, ... did bargain 
& sell unto John Eaton . . . being part of a moiety of 
land containing 1621 acres of land . . . known as 
"Essex Lodge" formerly taken up by one Capt William 
Broccus (This may not be the name as the writing is very 
poor.), under the hand of sir John Harvev Knt, then Gov'r 
& Capt Gen. . . . 1638. by Mr. Thomas Hill Grand 
Father to ye sd. Thomas Hill purchased of the sd Capt 
William Broccus & Elinor his wife, & so bv Right deeded to 
Mr. John Hill father of the sd. Thomas Hill as he was the 
eldest son and heir of ye sd Mr. John Hill, as may appear by 
his last Will . . . bearing date of December ve 9th 
1670. signed Thomas Hill 

Wit. Robt. Weldon, Jno. MyhiU, Hen Watkins. 

At Yorktown York Co, Cl's Of. Va. Deeds Orders Wills 
&cNo3, 1657-1662 p. 149. 

"Memorandum that the 2pt day of Feb. 1661 Mr. 
Thomas Bushrod who intermarryed with the Relict and 
Executrix of the last Will & Testament of Capt Thomas 



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Hill dec'd . . . and that the Goods and Chattls. of 
the said dec'd ... by his late wife Mary Executrix 
of the said Thomas, which Mary is also lately deceased." 

"At Circuit Court for Norfolk Co, at Portsmouth, Nor- 
folk Co, Va." "Co. Court House" Sep. 18. 1907. 
"Deeds & Wills 1666-1675" p. 78. for Norfolk Co. 
"Indenture, Dated eighteenth day of July 1670. between 
Thomas Hill and Jane his wife of the county of Albemarle, 
. . . & ... of the county of Lower Norfolk, 
Willoughby, . . . 

signed Tho: Hill her 

■ ■ Jane -I- Hill, 

mark 
Witnesses John Lawrence, John Corbett. 

p. 78. "Deeds & Wills 1666-1675" 

Oct. 15. 1670. Thomas Hill, gives my wife Jane Hill 
"my true & Lawful attorny" full power & autliority in my 
name" etc, signed Thomas Hill, 

Yorktown, York Co. Va. Co. Cl's Of— Deeds Orders 
Wills&c. No. 1.1691-1694. 

P. 405. "Know to all men present that we Thomas Hill 
& Elizabeth my wife for a valuable ... to us in hand 
. . . assign All our Right ... to the land there- 
in mentioned to Thomas Charles, . . . 

signed Thomas Hill 
The marke of Eliz. Hill, 
Wit. Wmi Sedgwicke, Ben Watkins, Geo. Hambleton "dated 
May 24th 1692." 

"House of Delegates of Va. 1833-1834" Congressional 
Library, Wash. D. C. 

"Major Thomas Hill, Continental Line, Received 
5,333 1-3 a. "he was a merchant and a politician," 

1st. Warrant obtained 27th of December 1782. Served 
more than three years. 

2nd. Warrant obtained Dec. 28. 1809. for twenty two 
months service, Rec'd. 1628 a. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

See page 14. Doc. 30. No. 1. List of Officers of the Army 
& Navy who received Bounty Lands from Va. for Revolu- 
tionary Services. 

"Appleton's Encyclopedia of Ame. Biography" Vol. 3. 14. 

(General) Ambrose Powell Hill, son of Major Thomas 
Hill born in Culpeper Co, Va. Nov. 9. 1825. 

"North Carolina His. and Gen. Reg, Vol 2, 157. 

"Joseph Hill and Thomas Hill were brothers, Thomas 
Hill mar. 1st. Elizabeth Allen of Va. 2nd. Frances Smith 
from Maryland a woman of great wealth and prominence 
there. 

Wm. Hill was the father of Thomas Hill. Wm. Hill 
was son of Robert Hill. 

N. C. His. & Gen. Register Vol. 1. p. 637. 

The children of Thomas & Ann Hill of Middlesex Co., 
Va— were — 1. Mary Hill, born 1678. 2. Rebecca Hill, 
born 1682. and Died. 3. William Hill, born 1684. 4. 
Rebecca Hill, born 1686. 

Thomas and Mary Hill had Thomas Hill, b. April, 1700. 

Christ Church Register Middlesex Co. Va. p. 46. 

1 Isabella Hill the Daughter of William and Ann Hill 
was born 1698. Ann Hill b. 1701 dau. of Wm and Ann. 
Elizabeth Hill b. 1706— Mary Hill bap. 1713. 

p. 92. Diana Hill born 1715. 

p. 183. "Anne Hill dyed Jan'y 15, 1726." 

"Land Office Military Warrant." No. 76. at Capitol 
Frankfort Ky. June 18. 06. 

To Thomas Hill for 5,333 2-3 a. for his services for 3 
yrs. as Major in the Continental Army, dated 1782 Dec. 
27th. 

same as ab. ref — 

To James Hill, No. 539. 200 a. of land for his services 
as Sergeant in the State Line, dated May 2. 1783. 

Book No 2. Page 441. 100 a. of land to Thomas Hill, 
due James Hill, for 3 yrs. service in the Continental Line, 
dated Dec. 21. 1785. 



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Hill Family 



'•Major Thomas Hill," 

"A List of officers and men who served in the Continental 
Line, Virginia, "Va. Mag." Vol. 2. p. 244. 
Old Trinity Church Portsmouth, Va. 
'•Erected in 1762, Rebuilt and Enlarged in 1829" "Re- 
modeled in 1893." 

In cemetery around the church stands this 

Tombstone Norfolk Co. Va. 

"Sacred to the Memory of 

Thomas M. Hill, who departed 

this life March 29th 1815, 

' " ' in the 59th, year of his age" 

[Was here Wed. morn., Sep. 18, 1907.— Ed.] 

Thomas Hill. ;, ; ,: , , 

Humphrey Hill. 

"Va. Co. Records Vol. 1. Spotsilvania," Crozier, p. 215. 
"Augt. 1. 1760. 

Thomas Hill, Spts. Co. planter — and Barsheba, his wife 
to . . . £38. 5s. curr. for 124 a. in Spts. Co. . . . 

p. 227 Septr. 1, 1762. 

Thomas Hill, Gent. & Eleanor his wife of King Geo. Co. 
t<^£llO. for400a. 

p. 234. Thomas Hill of Spts. Co. & Barsheba his wife 
to . . . £63. for 86 a. in Spts. Co. Rec. June 4. 1764. 

p. 310. March 24. 1774, Margaret Gordon of Fredksbg. 
to . . . 100£ for 150 a. in St. Geo's Par. Spts. Co. 
moiety of land which descended to Sally wife of Ed. W^at- 
kins from her father Thomas Hill ... & conveyed by 
Deeds June 20. 1757 from Sally & Ed. Watkins to sd. 
Gordon. 

"Va. Co. Records Vol. 1. Spotsilvania" p. 351. 

July 15, 1779. "Richard Pollard of St. Stepens Par. 
King &; Queen Co. & Ann his wife to . . . £97. 10s 
curr. 130 a. in St. Geo's Par. Spts. Co. given to sd. Ann Pol- 
lard's mother by her father Thomas Hill, etc." 



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Gene.^ogy, with Brief Sketches 



p. 514. "Order Book 1730-1738." 

"Thomas Hill captain of a foot company, took ye oath 
Oct. 6. 1736. (Page 472)." 

"St Marks Parish, Culpeper Co. Va" p. 121. 

"Eliza Hill of Shirley mar. 1723 John Carter, 3rd son of 
Robt. Carter and Judith Armstead" mar. 1688. 

p. 193. "St. Marks Parish Culpeper Co." 
Major Thomas Hill had son General Ambrose Powell 
Hill. 

p. 196. "Fairfax (now Culpeper) was made a town by 
Act of Assembly in 1759." 

p. 27. "Lord Fairfax's princely plantation was in the 
Co. of Culpeper. The Rapidan or Rapid Ann River was 
named after the Eng. Queen Ann." 

"Overwharton Parish Register" p. 80. 

Wm. Hill mar. Catherine Stacey September 17. 1745." 

"Culpeper Co. Va, Part 2." p. 86 Green. 

— I Kirtley mar. Martha Booton, daughter of Wm. & 

Fannie Hill Booton and gr. dau. of Miss Towles and Rus- 
sell Hill, b. 1716 & gr. gr. dau. of Wm., b. 1684 & Francis 
Needles Hill and gr. gr. gr. dau. of Thomas & Anne Hill 
d. 1726 & gr. gr. gr. gr. dau. of Wm. Hill who died in Mid- 
dlesex Co. Feb. 12. 1669. 

Wm. Hill (Middlesex) d. 1669 had 

Thomas Hill mar. Anne d. 1726, & had 

William Hill mar. Francis Needles b. 1684. & had 

Russell Hill b. 1716. mar. Miss Towles. & had 

Fannie Hill mar. Wm. Booton & had Martha Booton who 

mar. Kirtley. 

"Overwharton Parish Register" p. 86. 

"John Hill, son of Wm. & Catherine (Stacey) Hill b. 

October 11. 1751." 

p. 87. "Wm. Hill son of W^m. Hill born Aug. 4. 1 753." 

p. 89. George Hill son of Wm. & Catherine (Stacey) 
Hill, bom Feb. 19. 1755." 



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Hill Family 

p. 87. "Martha Hill, dau. of James & Lydia Hill born 
May 5. 1753." 

Crozier "Va. Co. Records Vol. 1. Spotsilvania." 

p. 163. June 8. 1743 Elizabeth Hill of Fredericksburg, 
Va, widow & relict of Thomas Hill late of Fredericksburg, 
Gent. Dec'd to Humphrey Hill of King & Queen Co Gent. 
5s. star. Lotts No 21 & 22 in town of Fredksbg, which sd. 
Humphrey purchased of sd. Thomas, Dec'd, during his 
lifetime, July 5. 1743. 

p. 154 April 14. 1741, Thomas Hill Gent. & Elizabeth, 
his wife of Spotsilvania Co. to Humphrey Hill of King & 
Queen Co. Gent. £50. Lots No. 21 & 22. in town of 
Fredksbg. Wit. . . . May 5. 1741. 

p. 85. INIarriages, "1743— March 17. Wm. Cowne & 
Eliza. Hill. 

"Va Co. Records Vol 1. Spotsilvania" Crozier. 

p. 135. A Deed of Gift. "Humphrey Hill, of King 
Wm. Co. to his nieces, Susannah & Sarah Hill several 
slaves, men. my brother Thomas Hill, dated Sep. 3. 1734. 
Rec. Sep. 3, 1734. 

Humphrey Hill, Gent, unto his two Nieces at ye motion 
of their father, Mr. Thomas Hill, etc." 

p. 149. "Nov. 6. 1739. Humphrey Hill of St Stephen's 
Parish, King & Queen Co. rec. 200£. from . . . for 1000 a. 
in St. Geo's Parish, Spts. Co. . . . Elizabeth Hill, wit. 

p. 163. June 9. 1743, Humphrey Hill of King & Queen 
CO. & Frances his wife, pay £310 curr. to Wm. Lynn of 
Fredericksburg Doctor of Physic for lot No. 22 in town of 
Fredericksburg. 

King & Queen County, Va. 1763. Will of Wm. Fleet, 
St. Stephen's Parish, . . . friend Colonel Humphrey 
Hill: "Va. Co. Records, Vol. HL" p. 25. 

Old King Wm. Homes and Families, p. 64. 

2nd in des. "Colonel Humphrey Hill, Of Hillsborough 
King & Queen Co, Died March 1775. Thought to be the 
son of (1st in des.) Isaac Hill. The coat of arms is identi- 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

cal, & it is reasonably certain that this family is 
descended from the Hills of Alverton, Co. of Gloucester, 
England, whose ancestry is recorded in Burke's Landed 
Gentry for several hundred years before their arrival in 
America. Col. Humphrey Hill probably had issue, 

j. 3rd in des. Thomas, of St. Stephen's Parish, King & 

I Queen Co, Lay Delegate 1796. 

; 3rd in des. Henry Hill, Va. House of Delegates 1784. 

I 3rd in Des. John Hill, of Hillsborough, who mar. Miss 

I Mary Waller Lewis dau. of Col. Zachary Lewis, & his wife 

1 Anne Overton Terrill. 

I 3rd in des. James Hill. 

1 3rd in des. Robert Hill, member of Com. of Safety 

1774. and other children. 

1 Old King Wm. Homes and Families, p. 65. 

; 4th in des. Wm. Hill Capt. State Troops son of 3rd in 

des — James Hill, son of 2nd in des. Col. Humphrey Hill, 

I son of Isaac, 1st in des. Born June 17, 1780 at Portobello, 

I . York Co. Va. Mar. Judith Browne Clairborne, dau. of 

> Herbert Clairborne (of "Chestnut Grove" New Kent Co, 

I born 1746) and Mary Browne, dau. of Wm. Burnett 

i Browne, of "Elsing Green" King Wm. Co. Issue 

5th in des. Rowland Hill, d. young. 

I 5th in des. Octavia Hill (dau. of Capt. Wra.) b. 1817. 

I Mar. Dr. John S. Lewis (see Lewis Excursus) and still 

j living at West Point Va. They had 

I 6th in des. Josephine, Nora, Dr. Y. Roland, & Herbert 

■ Iverson Hill mar. jMattie Parke. 

Old King Wm. Homes and Families, p. 64. 
. "Isaac Hill, Of King & Queen Co. Member of Quorum, 
1702-1714, From whom the King Wm. family dates." 
Old King Wm. p. 65. [See this ref. for more Hills.] 

1 Isaac Hill, King & Queen Co. 

2 Col. Humphrey Hill, d. Mar. 1775. King & Queen 
Co. Va. 

3 James Hill Private in Rev. War. & executor will of 
Charles Neale. Mar. Mildred, dau. of Rev. Reuben Clop- 
ton, of King & Queen Co, had 4 James Hill, mar. Dec. 
21. 1787. Sally Graves, John Hill, Col. State Troops, 






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Thomas Hill, Col. State Troops, Parke Hill, Nathaniel 
Hill, Wm. Hill, Capt. State Troops, Robert Hill, Eliza- 
beth Hill, mar. Colonel Carver King, Judith Hill mar. 
Wm. Neale, Mary Hill. mar. Bernard Lipscomb, Capt. Va. 
State Line, Rev. War. 

4 in des. John Hill, son of James Hill (3rd in des.) had 

5th in des. Sallie mar. .Alexander King, 

Mildred mar. Baylor Walker, 

Robert mar. widow Waller, & moved to Alabama. 

Census of pensioners of the Rev. Army at Culpeper Co, 
Va. 1841. P. 128. Culpeper Co. Va. Part 2. Green 

Humphrey Hill age 77. Head of family with whom pen- 
sioner resides in 1840. Humphrey Hill. 

Vol. 13. p. 11. "Wm. & Mary College Quar." 

"Extracts from Va. Gazette," 

"October 27. 1752, Just arrived from Africa, The Ship 
Tryal, Joseph Little, Ivlaster, with a Cargo of choice healthy 
Slaves; the Sale of which began at York Town, on Thurs- 
day, the 26th Instant, and on Tuesday, the 31st, will begin 
at West Point, and continue till all are sold, 

John Robinson, Humphrey Hill, 

King & Queen Co, Va. Vol. 14, p. 130. Wm. & Mary 
Col. Quar. 

John Camm & Mary Bullock was mar. 22 May, 1722. 
Ann Camm dau. of above, b. 5 Jan. 1723. 
Humphrey Hill . . . Gossip, (present) 
(same ref. as ab.) 

Mary, dau. of J Camm b. 16 Oct— 1727. 
Thomas Hill . . . Gossip present. 

Vol. 14. p. 131 Wm. & Mary Col. Quar. 

John Camm, b. 1731. Humphrey Hill & his wife present 
at Bap — . King & Queen Co. Records. 

(same ref. as ab.) 

"Louisa Co. 14 Dec. 1754, "However w'ith the assistance 
of my friend Capt. Humphrev Hill of King & Queen Co." 
& etc. Vol. 14. p. 141. Wm.'& Mary Col. Quar. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

Nathaniel Hill, Henrico Co. Will 1687. Wife 
Jane . 

James Hill, 1677. James Hill, Henrico Co, 1707. Will. 

Meade's Old Churches Vol 1. p. 325 & 6. 

"Kingston Parish, INIathews Co. Va. This was oginally 
one of the Parishes in Gloucester, it was called the Parish 
in North River precinct. Names of vestrymen beginning 
1677 . . . James Hill, 

Page 40. Order Book, from 1737-1746. Henrico Co. 
Clerks Office, at Richmond Va. "Martha Hill is granted 
ad— on the Estate of Wm. Hill, May Court 1738. Jno. 
Hill is security." 

Page 182. "Deeds Wills &c. 1688-1697" at Henrico 
Co Cl's Office. 

An Inventory is made in Henrico Co. Feb'y 2: 1690 — 
& presented in 1690. but made in Dec. ye 16'l> '"'"o- 1687. 
of Nath. Hill dec'd. 

At Co. Cl's Of. Richmond, Va. p. 103, "Deeds Wills 
&c. 1706-1709" 

Nath. Hill's wife was Jane, Jno. his only son is a mari- 
ner & seems to live still in London Eng. & gives power of 
Atornoy to ... to collect his Father's Estate, July 
16th. 1707. John was born & chris. in Eng. Oct. 12. 1676 
bap. Oct. 30. 1676. 

Page 476. "Records 1677-1692." at Co. Cl's Of— 
Richmond. Va. 

Nathaniel Hill's Will occurs, dated 23 Nov. 1687. Pro- 
bated X'° : 1687 I leave to my son Jno Hill . . . etc. 

p. 189. "Deeds, Wills &c. 1688-1697" At Henrico Co. 
Cl's Of. Richmond. Va. 

"James Hill, of the Co. of Henrico, wife Anne signs an 
Indenture, dated April 1, 1691 
his her 

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Hill Family 



p. 333. James Hill Examined Saith: being aged about 
36 years, that . . . etc. 

datedSthof Apr. Ann 1692. 

the mark of 
James -7- // Hill. 

p. 422. "June ye first 1693 

James Hill makes last pay'mt to wid. of Capt. Henry 
Randolph for 250 a. of Land, of 7£,s, ten shil. signed by 
Sarah Randolph. 

p. 467. Henrico Co, Licenses granted since last returne 
"in Oct." 1693. Henry Hill for Marryage with Rosamond 
Webster, granted Apr: 2^: 1694 Page 485, Henry Hill 
on thirty and one day of March Anno Dom'o 1694 Agrees 
before he marries Rosamond Webster, widow ... of 
Thomas Webster deceased, to give to her children, Charles 
Cozons W^ebster 150 a. To her daughter Elizabeth Web- 
ster 100 a. To her daughter Rosamond Webster 100 a. 
when they shall attain a lawful age. 

P. 22. "Bristol Parish Vestry Book," 

"Bristol Parish, at a Vestry called at ye chappie May 
16.th 1725, 

"Charles Hill being upwards of sixty years of Age & 
being very much ailing &c. 

"Deeds, Wills &c. 1706 to 1709." At Co. Cl's Of— Rich- 
mond, Va. 

the mark of 

p. 120. W^ill of James -I- H Hill, Wife Anne dated 
June 14th. 1707 proved in court November ffirst A"° 
1708. "Son James, to live on land when he shall attain 
the lawful age — son Edward son John son W' illiam Daugh- 
ter Mary Daughter Martha Daughter Anne, Daughter 
Elizabeth. Henrico Co. Va. W^it. by Jno. W^ilson Jr. 
Robt. Sharp Jr. Nich. Dixon, & Wm. Pride. 

p. 611. "Deeds & Wills &:c. 16S8-1697" 
James Hill appears in court with his same sig. December 
2d. 1695. James -I- H Hill, 

Wit. Benj. Lockett, Richard Lockett, Jacob Ashurst. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

P. 23. Will Book Vol I. at Chesterfield Aug. 15. 1906. 
Co. Cl's Office, Va. 

James Hill, Will, dated lltli of Jan'y 1750 

I James Hill, of Chesterfield Co, being sick & weak in 
Body but of Perfect mind & memor\' do make this my last 
Will & Test. ... son Edward Hill the plantation 
whereon he now lives: son James Hill the plantation 
whereon I now live with 280 a. of land thereunto belong- 
ing. . . . son Godfrey. . . . 

Two youngest daughters, Elizabeth Hill & Frances Hill, 
other daughters Susanna Elam, Ann Rud, Martha Akin, 
Mary Akin; 

Wife Ann, Ex — signed James Hill, 

p. 286. Will Book 3. Chesterfield Co. Cl's Of— dated 
31st of Aug. 1780. 

Edward Hill, Will, Dale Parish, wife Elizabeth Hill, 

dau. Priscilla Hill, not 20 yrs. of age, dau. Martha Nun- 
nally, son-in Law Wm. Dance, son in law Thomas Cog- 
bill, gr. son Edward Cogbill, gr. son Hill Cogbill, gr. son 
Ed. Dance, son of Wm.; dau. Frances Hill, & to her son 
Wm. Hill; wife Eliz. & Thomas & Jesse Cogbill guardians 
to dau. Priscilla. his 

Edward + Hill, 
mark 

Wit Jesse Cogbill, Eliz. Rathborne her + mark, John 
Cogbill. A codicil is added & signed Edward Hill his H 
mark 

p. 212. Will Book No. 4. 1785. at Chesterfield Co., Cl's 
Office, John Hill, of Chesterfield Co, Will, dated Feb. lO.th 
1789. Beloved Wife Ann, two children Polly Hill & 
Richard Hill — sister Nancy Robertson's chil. men. if his 
children die without heirs, Wife Ann. one of the Ex — 

signed John Hill 
Wit. Peter Rowlett, John Banton, William Talbott. 

Page 435. "Orders Henrico Co. Court, Va. 1763-1767. 
Richmond Co. cl's Office. 



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"Edward Hill & Mary his wife appear in Court against 
James Gunn . . . Henrico Court 1765. 

Same ref. as ab. p. 287. 

Thomas Clairborne case ag- James Hill, Aug. 6. 1764. 

"Deeds, Wills &c. 1748-1750" p. 92. 

John Hill of Dale Parish in Henrico Co. for 80£ sells 
John Vest 300 a. in Henrico Co. Va. dated 22th day of 
July, AnM 745. 

Wills Deeds 1774-1782" p. 5. 

John \\'ade Co. of Goochland appears & says that in 
1780 Thomas Harding sold to Francis Hill . . . etc. 

"Minutes 1755-1762" p. 40. 

John Hill "attended this Court 4 days as a witness, & 
for Harding Burnley & for coming & going Eighteen miles 
four times for which it is ordered the said Harding Burnley 
today pay him three hundred & sixteen pounds of tobacco," 

July Court 1756. (1 shilling generally represented ten 
pounds of tobacco in Va. Currency) 15s=150 pds. of 
tobacco — see p. 366. "Orders Henrico Court 1763-1767." 

p. 176. "Minutes 1755-1762" Henrico Co. Court July 
1757. A case of Samuel Du Val Plaintiff against Ephraim 
Hill Defendant. 

p. 30. "Order Book 1781-1784" at Henrico Co. Court 
House, Richmond, Va. 

James Hill & Ann his wife plaintiffs in a case against 
Goddes Winslow . . . date at Co. Court House Mon- 
day 4th day of March 1782. 

"Order Book 1 784-1 787" p. 280. James Hill in case in 
Sept. 6. 1785 court, against Wm. Tohnson. 

"Order Book 1784-1787" p. 465. "Ordered that Robert 
White pay unto Samuel Hill 97 lbs. of gross tobacco for 
one days attendance here . . . as a witness and com- 
ing and returning eighteen miles according to Law," 

P. 223. "Order Book 1784-1787 at Co. Cl's Of— Rich- 
mond, Va. Aug. 1. 1785. an Indenture is made bet. Wm. 
Johnson of Mechknburg Co. trustee for Elizabeth Hill on 
the one part & Jno. Wade. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Chesterfield was taken off from Henrico Co, Va., in 1748. 
To go to Chesterfield Co. Court House leave Richmond or 
Manchester, (across River), on Petersburg Trolley; get off 
at Centralia (^ way to Petersburg), drive 3 miles to Ches- 
terfield Court House. Ed. 

Cumberland Co., 1748. Goochland Co., 1727. 
Wm. Hill, born about 1701. Lunenburg Co., Va. Foote's 
Sketches of Va. 2nd Ser. p. 573. 

Meade's Old Churches of Va. Vol. 2. p. 28. 
■ "Wm. Hill, an officer in the British Navy, & 2nd son of 

the Marquis of Lansdowne, had an only dau — Mary who 
married in 1730 Colonel Clement Read born in 1707. 
Col. Read was trustee of Wm. & Mary College in 1729. 
. Being President of the council at the departure of Gov. 

I Gooch for Eng., in 1749 he became Gov. of the colony, but 

died a few days later. He frequently served in the House 
of Burgesses. He died Jan. 2nd. 1763 & was buried at 
Bushy Forest 4 miles South of the present village of Mary- 
ville. His wife was laid by his side on Nov. 11th 1780. in 
her 69th yr. Fie purchased a large tract of land in Lunen- 
burg & moved to that Co. 

"Mrs. IMary Hill, dau. of Paul Micou the First, mar. 
Joshua Fry, Paul Micou, was Justice of Essex Co. Va. 
between 1700-1720." Meade's Old Churches, Vol 1. p. 
405. 

Samuel Hill, 
York Co., Va., 1695. 

At Yorkto-sv-n, York Co. Cl's Of. Deeds Orders Wills &c. 
p. 209 a statement is made that the wife of Samuel Hill 
was Ellinor Charles of York Parish in this Co. 

At a court held for Yorke county September 24th. 1695. 

At Yorktown Co. Cl's Of. York Co. Va. p. 500, Orders, 
Wills &c. No. 14, 1709-1716. "Martha Hill on her petition 
hath an order granted her for a Lycence to keep an Ordi- 
nary at her now Dwelling House. . . . 

p. 149 same as ab. ref. March 8th 1711. York Co. Va. 
Saml Hill & . . . Jno. Hansford of the Co. of York, 

494 






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Lycense for an ordinary" "with no more tippling than is 
necessary," 21st of May 1716. 

Yorktown York Co. Va. Cl's Of., p. 243. Orders Wills 
&c. No. 14, 1709-1716. Will of Samuel Hill, of York Co, 
Hampton Parish ... To eldest son Matthew Hill . . . 
to 2nd son Samuel Hill £20. . . . dau. Lydia Hill, 20£. son 
Samuel & dau. Lydia under 21. Wife Martha sole Ex — 
Dated Feb. 15. 1712 signed Sam" Hill, 

Wit. Wm. Hewitt Jno. Hansford, Eiz: Hansford, 

Rec'd. 16th Mar. 1712. Inventory by Martha Hill £57. 
Yorktown, York Co. Va. Co. cl's Of— p. 246. "Wills 
& Inventories 1729-1732." "At a Court held in York Co. 
Dec. 20. 1731. The suit in chancery between Martha 
Dowling Infant Complainant & Samuel Hill & Lucy his 
wife respd'- is continued until next court, 

At Yorktown, York Co. Va. "Wills & Inventories 1732- 
1740" p. 433. 

I "At a Court held at York Co. July 17, 1738, Elizabeth 

I Hill the widow & relict of Samuel Hill dec'd came into 

I court & made oath that the said dec'd, departed this Life 

I without making any will so far as she knows, &c. . . . 

% p. 489. Appraisement of the estate of Samuel Hill 

£ dec'd, negroes £117. &c. . . . signed 

f her Nath' Buck 

Elizabeth A^ Hill. Fran<: Lee 

mark &c. . . . 

p. 562. same ref. as ab. dated 18th of Feb. 1739. 

"Know by all men present that we Matthew Hill, &c. 

At Yorktown Y^ork Co. Va. Cl's Of., p. 1. 2. 3. "Land 
Clauses 1746-1769. at court held July 1746. 

Wm. Fuller, Elizabeth his wife and Martha Macintosh 
Widow Pits, against Samuel Hill, an infant by Jno. Hans- 
ford his Guardian, each, Elizabeth Fuller, Martha & Sam- 
uel Hill (under 21 yrs. of age) rec. about 240 acres. 

Dated Sep. 11. 1746. 

Sep. 24. 1907 Yorktown, York Co. Va. p. 240. "Wills 
& Inventories, No. 19." 



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Gene.axogy, with Brief Sketches 



"In obedience to an order of York Co. Court of Sept. 
19th. 1743 We have met & settled tlie estate of Samuel Hill, 
dec'd &c. . . . signed John Buckner \Vm. Nelson, Jr. 

p. 252 same ref. as ab. Nov. 26, 1743 "In obedience to 
the within order we have assigned . . . negroes to the 
estate of Samuel Hill dec'd to be Wm. Fuller's Share of the 
said Negroes who marryed the Widow of the said Hill, 

signed John Buckner, &c, 

Yorktown York Co. Va. p. 483. Wills & Inventories No. 
21. Will dated 30. Nov. 1769 

Will of Samuel Hill, of York Co, Va. To Bro. Hansford 
Hill, two negroes, ... all the remainder of my estate 
to dau. Lydia Hill, (not yet 21) To half sister Elizabeth 
Fuller dau. of Wm. Fuller dec'd, ... To my Mother-in- 
law Ann Goodwin my late Wife's part of her dec'd father 
Mr. Robert Goodwin's Estate, ... To other half sister 
Mary Dedman, wife of Philip Dedman, ... I give 
to my mother Eliz Fuller, . . . Ex — Charles Hans- 
ford my good friend, signed Samuel Hill, 

Rec'd,l9th of Feb.y 1770. Appraisement £634. 

P. 130. Vol. 6. "Wm. & Mary Col. Quar," "The Good- 
win Families in America" "The will of Samuel Hill, of 
York Co, proved Feb. 10. 1770, mentions Rebecca, dau. of 
Robert Goodwin, & gives to Anne Goodwin "my late wife's 
part of the estate of her deceased father, Mr. Robt Goodwin, 
(see this ref. for more of the Goodwin Fam. if desired,) 
also p. 148. 

"Yorktown, York Co. Va. p. 464. "Wills & Inventories, 
1771-1783." Will, of Hansford Hill's dated Apr. 24. 1779 
of York Co. Va. to Elizabeth Fuller, my mother, dau. Eliza- 
beth Hill until she come of age . . . my sisters Mary Ded- 
man, ... & Elizabeth Davis' children, James Davis my 
Ex — . . . signed Hansford Hill, 

Wit. James Casby, Ann Casby, her X mark, 

Rec. Jan. 17. 1780. 

At Yorktown, York Co. Va. Wills & Inventories No. 23. 
p. 383. Will of Elizabeth Fuller, of York co. (wid. of 






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Mrs. Elizabeth Du Puy Trabue Van Culin and her two childrer 
Trabue and Lillian Du Puy Van Culin, taken in Philadelphia, Pa 
when they were about six and three years of age. 



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Hill F.oiily 



Saml. Hill who died about 1738.) grand daughter Eliza- 
beth Williams, ... to grand daughter Elizabeth Wright 
... to grand daughter Polly Davis, ... to daughter 
Mary Dedman & my daughter Elizabeth Wright, ... I 
do appoint Rowling Williams & my daughter Elizabeth 
Wright to be my Executors. 

dated July 6. 1791. Signed Elizabeth 

Wit. Francis Lee, Jr. her Fuller, 

Wm. Inge. X 

recorded June 17.th 1793. mark 



"HILLS" OF ALL NAMES. 

Henings Statutes at Large Vol. 1. p. 83. For the first 
colony of Virginia i\Iav 23d 1609, Robert Hill, Ironmonger. 

P. 86. (same as ab.'ref.) "Tristian Hill, May 23d. 1609. 

"Va. Co. Records Quarterly Mag. Vol. 6. March 1909. P. 
21. "Early settlers in Va." P. 23. "Henry Hill trans- 
ported in "John and Dorothy," 1634, by Capt. Adam 
Thorogood, 

P. 309. Va. His Mag. Vol. 2. In an assignment the wit- 
ness is Henry Hill, January 14. 1630. (Elizabeth City Co.) 

P. 247. Vol. 4. "Wm. & Mary College Quar." "Henry 
Hill of King & Queen Co, was a representative from his co. 
in the House of Delegates in 1784. 

"Culpeper Co. Va." Green, Part 2, p. 53. Henry Hill 
mar. Anne Powell, (dau. of Ambrose Powell, whose Will is 
dated Jan. 6. 1782. & Recorded Oct. 20. 1788.) 

Old King Wm. Homes and Families p. 64 Pej-ton Clarke. 
Henry Hill, Of Accomac Co. commander of Horse, 1630. 

^^ Land Oftke, Richmond, Va. Patents, Book 4. p. 634. 
"Charles Hill, Lancaster Co, buys 590 a. dated 26th. Jan'y 
1663. "Charles Hill receives 300 a. for transporting six 
persons March 15. 1658, "Patents" Book 4. Vol. 1. p. 370. 

Land Office, Richmond, Va. "Patents" Book V. p. 134. 
"Matthew Hill, 'New Kent Co. Va. 133 a. for transport- 
ing three persons, dated 24th of February 1663. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

"Patents" Book V p. 552, 553 "Gabriel Hill receives 
727 a, & 134 a. in New Kent Co. for transporting 134 per- 
sons, dated 9th. of November 1665. 

"New Kent Co., Va. Matthew Hill receives 470 a. 1663." 

"Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6." p. 268. "New Kent Co., Va. 
Gabriel Hill 1665 receives 727 a. and 134 a." Va. Co. 
Records, Vol. 6." p. 269. 

p. 119. Vol. 13. "Wm. & Mary College Quar." Oct.^ \ 

15. 1670. Michael Hill, 220 a. 1 r. 16 po. on the South j 

side of Appomattox River, adjoining the land of Walter | 

Brooks & John Sturdivant, I 

p. 321. Vol. 12. "Va Hist. Mag." "Richard Brooke, of | 

Smithfield, mar. 2ndly, Sarah Taliaferro, had an only child I 

Wm. Brooke mar. June 1813 Eleanor Smith, dau. of Colo- I 

nel Larkin Smith and Mary Eleanor Hill, of "Rickahock | 

King & Queen Co, &c. A daughter of this W^m. Brooke, 5 

Fenton Brooke mar. Dec. 13. 1832 Benj. Hodges Smith | 

of Salem, Mass, son of . . ." (see more of the Brookes' ! 

on p. 322.) I 

Land Office, Richmond, Va. "Patents" Book 4. p. 440. | 

"James Hill receives 350 a. Northumberland Co. Va. for | 

transporting seven persons, May 10. 1661." | 

"Vestry Book of Saint Peter's Parish New Kent Co., Va" | 

p. 18.— New Kent County Court, Va. 28 Febroary 1689 | 

. . . Fran. Hill, ... J 

Old King Wm. Homes & Families. Wm. Hill settled in |, 

Middlesex Co Va & died there & was buried in Ye Church ; 

Yard ffeb. 12th. 1669. He had, W^m. mar. Ann, & had | 

dau. Eliz— Bap. March ye 2d. 1706/7. & Thomas mar. ] 

Anne (who died Jan. 15. 1726) & had (1) Mary who was | 

born 14 of ffeb. 1678. (2) Wm. b. July 20, 1684. mar. ] 

Sep. 7th. 1710 Francis Needles dau. of Wm. & Dorothv i 

Needles, & had 1. Wm. Hill, 2. Richard Hill, 3. Russell J 
Hill, b. Feb'y ye 23rd. 1716. bap. April 21. 1717. mar. 

Miss Towles & had 1. Col. Harry Hill mar Miss Powell, i 

2. Wm. Hill mar Miss Wood, 3. Fannie mar. W^m. Booton i 



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Hill Family 



& had Martha mar Kirtley 4. Needles Hill. 5. 

Thomas Hill d. Apr. 13. 1740. \Ym Hill son of Russell, 
had dau. Elizabeth Hill who mar. Capt. Daniel Brown, 
(p. 83, Part 2. Culpeper Co. Va. Green.) 1758, 
"Needles Hill married in ]\Iiddlesex County, Va. Letitia 
Morgan, October 4. 1758. "Va. County Records, Part 1. 
Vol. 4. p. 77. 

"Wm. & Mary Col. Quar." Vol. 3, p. 191. Princess Ann, 
(Co) at Court held 7th Xber 1705 . . . Luke Hill, 
and Elizabeth his wife, . . . &c, 

James Hill, Married, Augusta Co., Va. March 25. 1762. 
Va. Co. Records, Vol. 4. p. 86. 

N. C. His. & Gen. Register Vol. 1. p. 637. Isaac Hill 
married INIargaret Jennings, 28. July 1708. and Christ 
Church Register ISIiddlesex County. Va. p. 81. 

Christ Church Register Middlesex Co. Va. p. 129. 
William and Frances Hill had Anna b. 1730. 

"Elizabeth Hill, dau. of Wm. Hill & Ann his Wife was 
bap. March ve 2d. 1706/7" p. 69. "Register of Christ 
Church, :Middlesex Co. Va." "W^m. Hill son of Thorn. & 
Ann Hill hap— 20th of July. 1684." Page 26. 

"Thomas Hill son Wm. & Frances Hill died April 13th 
1740" Page 193. 

P. 6. Vol 6. "W^m. & Mary College Quar." "James Dun- 
lop, of Port Royal, merchant was mar. to Miss Betsey Hill, 
of Essex." Va. Gazette for 8 September, 1776. 

P. 314. "Bristol Parish Register" Va. "James Hill, son 
of John & Elizabeth Hill, born 17 July 1726." P. 314. 
Mary Hill, daughter of Edward & Frances Hill, Born 15th. 
Sept- 1728. Baptz. Nov'r 12th. P. 314. Frances Hill, 
daughter of Wm. & Amy Hill born 2d Jan^- Bap' 2d Febt- 
1728. P. 315. Lewis Hill, son of John & Frances Hill 
Born 12 July. Bap* 12th August 1729. P. 316. "Wm. 
Hill son of Wm. & Amv Hill, born 14th Feby 1731. Bap' 
23d. Ap-- 1732." P. 316. "Ann Hill, dau. of John & Ann 
Hill b. 19th Sepr 1732. Bap'- 22d. Ap^- 1733." P. 319. 
"Amie, dau. of Michal & Susannah Hills was born April 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



27th, & bapt.d June 22d 1746." P. 317. "Bristol Parish 
Register," "Edward Hill son of Edward & Francis Hill 
born 22d. January 1734." 

P. 171. "History of Bristol Parish," Slaughter. "Wm 
Hill married Judith Brown Claiborne 5th child of Col' 
Augustine & Mary (Herbert) Claiborne. 

P. 318 Bristol Parish Reg. Elizabeth Hill, dau. of 
Michael and Susanna Hills born July 18th. 1743." 

P. 312. "Bristol Parish Register," "Micaell Hill, son 
of Micall & Elizabeth Hill born 20th Feb"" last, bant 
Nov 2d 1721. 

James Hill, entitled to 200 acres of land, agreeable to 
the King's Proclamation of 1763. March 1. 1774. Dun- 
more, Land Bounty Certificates," p. 17 "Virginia Colonial 
Militia" Crozier. 

"Va. Rev. Soldiers, "James Hill, Sargeant, State Line, 
3 years service," "Va. Co. Records, Vol. 6" p. 51. 

P. 133. "Plistory of Bristol Parish," Slaughter. "Robert 
Hill son of Edward Hill b. Ap'l 14, bap. July 9. 1734. 
P. 171. "His. of Bristol Parish." "Robert Hill mar. Har- 
riet Herbert Claiborne (6.) dau. of Col. Augustine & :\lary 
(Herbert) Claiborne, she was their 6th. child. 

P. 267. Vol. 10. "Wm. & :\Iary Col. Quar." "Catherine 
Hill & Augustine Ransone were mar. April 18, 1753. In 
the "Kingston Parish Register" Mathews Co. Va. 

P. 195. Vol. 10. Va. Hist. Mag. "Tithables in North- 
ampton Co. Va. Aug. 1666. Jacob Hill." John Hill of 
Northumberland County, Va. married January 9. 1733. 
Elizabeth Martin. "Marriages, Lancaster Co. Va. County 
County Records, Vol. 4. Part 1." p. 50, Crozier. 

P. 321. Vol. 10. Va. Hist. Mag. "The First court of 
Lunenburg Co, assembled on ^Nlay 5. 1746. The Justices 
present were . . . William Hill," 

"Wm. Hill married Catherine Stacv,Sept. 17. 1745." 
"Overwharton Parish, Register, Stafford Co., Va." p. 80. 

500 



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Land Office, Richmond, Va. "Robert Hill received 400 
a. in Accomac Co. Va. for transporting eight persons, July 
10. 1664. 

P. 395, Vol. 10. "Va. Hist. Mag." "Books in Colonial 
\'a." "Robert Hill, Middlesex Co. 1732 a parcel of old 
Books, 7sh." 

P. 220, 221 Vol. 11. Va. His. :Mag. "Indenture made 
1791, Witnesscth that Robert Hill son of Robert Hill Gen- 
tleman of the Co. of King & Queen, . . . signed Rob- 
ert B. Hill, Robert Hill." Wit. . : Thos. Pollard Jr. 
& Edward Hill, . . . 

P. 224 Vol. 11. Va His. Mag. "King Wm, Dec. 29. 
1774. A Private Tutor, . . . will meet with encour- 
agement by applying to Robert Hill." 

P. 116. Vol. 14. "Wm. & Mary College Quar." "Henry 
Hill mar. Lydia Hill Pescud, " "Lydia Hill mar. 1773 
James Dudley mar. bond in York co Clerk's Office." 

"June 1778 Swinfield Hill 20 lbs Bacon to Capt. John 
Donelson's Co. on his march against the Indians." 

At Petersburg Dinwiddle Co. Va. Sept. 26. '07 27 June 
1829. Will of Russell Hill. I give my Plantation in 
Prince George &: all my negroes to my son Edw^- Baptist. 
The balance of my property to be divided among all my 
children, Margaret, Ann Hill, Eliza Hill, Sarah Hill and 
Edwd B. Hill, they being bound to support Miss Ann G. 
Baptist, ... I appoint my Brother Armistead Hill 
& John H. Brown my Executors, . . . signed Russell 
Hill.— Rec'd, Thurs. 16 July 1829, Will Book 3, p. 21. 

Christ Church Reg. :Middlesex Co., Va. p. 149. Russel 
and Anne Hill had daughter Frances Hill b. 1738 Died 1739 

"House of Delegates of Va, 1833-34" Congressional 
Library Wash. D. C. p. 18. "George Hill— Sub. Conti- 
nental Line, served end of War. received 2,666 2-3 a. P. 7. 
&-■ 9. Doc. 31 & 6. Richard Hill, Lieut, Art. Continental 
l^ine, served 2 yrs. & 4 mo. 



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Gene.^logy, with Brief Sketches 



Miles Hill, Soldier, 


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p. 476, "Heitman's His. Register," "Thomas Hill, Artil- 
lery. P. 21. "House of Delegates of Va. 1834-35," "Hum- 
phrey Hill, soldier, Infantry," "Henry Hill, soldier. In- 
fantry." P. 22, "Wm. Hill soldier, Infantry" "John Hill" 
soldier. Infantry" "Samuel Hill," corporal Infantry" "Rob- 
ert Hill, soldier, "Infantry" P 25. "George Hill soldier. 

Wm. Hill clergyman, b. in Cumberland Co. Va. March 
3rd. 1769. died at Winchester Va. Nov. 16. 1852." see also 
Appletons Encly. of Amer. Biog. Vol. 3. p. 207. 

D. A. R. cards of Hills. Robert Hill Sr. Capt. b. 2. 17. 
1752 Carolina Co. Va. d. 1835 Stokes Co. N. C. Wm. Hill, 
Chaplain Rev. Armv. b. about 1748 Carolina Co Va. d. 
1808, Wm. Hill Lieut, 1st N. C. Regiment b. 1720 Eng- 
land, d. 1796, Tenne, Elijah Hills, Lieut, b. 1738, d. 
1828. James Hills, Ensign. 

"American Ancestry Vol. 3. p. 186. "Hills" Frederick 
Hill of Richmond, Va. was a Rev. Soldier, He died there in 
1794 He married Mrs. Maria Levan Hottenstone. 

Land Bounty Certificates, at City Hall, Richmond. Va. 

No. 351 James Hill receives 200 acres of land from 
Lord Dunmore, because of his Majestie's Proclamation in 
the year 1 763. He locates the same in the Co. of Botetourt, 
Dated 1st of March 1774. 

No. 769. John Hill is entitled to 200 a. of Land as 
Sargeant in the late War agreeable to his Majestie's Procla- 



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mation of 1763. He desires to locate it in the Co. of Fin- 
castle. Given at Williamsburg May 17th. 1774 

Signed "Dunmore." 

P. 18. Book No. I. at Land Office, Richmond Va.— Bay- 
lor Hill rec'd 4000 a. and another of 666 2-3 a, p. 423 Book 
H. Thomas Hill rec'd 5333 1-3 a., page 15, Book I; 36 IJ/^ 
a. p. 668, Book IT (heirs) ; 905 a. p. 668, Book II (heirs). 
Amos Hill rec'd 200 a. page 58, Book I. James Hill rec'd 
(heirs) 200 a. p. 370 Book III; 200 a. p. 103, Book I; an- 
other 100 a. p. 607, Book I; another 100 a. p. 199, Book 11. 
Thomas Hill rec'd 200 a. p. 319, Book II. Henry Hill rec'd 
100 a. p. 404, Book II. Gideon Hill rec'd 100 a. p. 519, 
Book II. Hill Spencer rec'd 100 a. p. 160, Book II. Hill 
Abraham rec'd 100 a. p. 195, Book II. Hill Caleb rec'd 100 
a. p. 324, Book II. Hill George rec'd 200 a. p. 403, Book 
II. Hill Mordecai (heirs) rec'd 100 a. p. 376, Book III. 
Richard Hill rec'd 2333 1-3 a. p. 537, Book III; 333 a. p. 
538, Book III. This is all Land given for Rev. War. 
Ser\'ices. 

"American Monthly Magazine, Vol. 41. No. 4. Brig. 
Gen. James Hill, a man prominent throughout the war fight- 
ing under Gen. Gates at Saratoga and a leading member of 
the House of Representatives during 1784, 85-'S6, '90-'92." 

"Virginia & Virginians" by Brock, p. 32. 

"Edmund Jenings, son of Sir Edmund Jennings, of 
Ripon, Yorkshire, England, iViember of Parliament, is 
first mentioned in Va. annals August 1. 1684, as attorney- 
General of the colony. 

Edmund Jennings married Frances (died in London 
Nov. 22. 1713), daughter of Henry Corbin, emigrant 
ancestor from England of the family of his name in Va. 

Edmund Jennings was in 1696, Deputy Secretary of Va. 
Upon the death of Governor Nott, became Aug. 23, 1705, 
the executive of Va. Son Edmund Randolph became the 
Gov. of Va, & Att-Gen. of the IJ. S. under Washington. 
A Daughter of Edmund Jennings married Wm Hill, of the 
family of the Marquis of Downshire. Edmund Jennings 

S03 



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Genealogy, with Briee Sketches 

continued to be Executive of Va. until the arrival of Lieu- ; 

tenant Gov. Spotswood, June 23. 1710." | 

"Va. Marriages James Nash and Elizabeth Hill, I\Iar- I 

ried Sept. 7. 1812, Westmoreland Co., Virginia, John Hill f 

and Elender Hill, her parents, give their consent," "Va. Co. \ 

Records, Vol. 4." p. 122. 1 

"Virginia Counties" 

"Surry Co., Va. was taken from James City Co., 1649." ] 
"Brunswick Co. was taken from Surry Co., in 1720." Law- 

rencevillc is the Co. Seat of Brunswick Co., all records are : 
there intact. Sussex Co., was taken from Surry Co., in 1754, 

In 1738 in Surry Co., Va., there were two Parishes "Lawn's f 

Creek" and Southwark, also Albemarle Parish now in Sus- J 

sex Co., Va. "The Names of the Burgesses for the severall | 

Plantations, November 25th, 1652 3d of commonwealth. | 

Henrico County . . . Charles Cittie County ... * 

James Cittie County . . . Surry County* ... | 

Isle of Wight County . . . Warwick County ... f 

Nansemund County . . . Lower Norff. Elizabeth | 

citty . . . York County . . . Gloster county I 

. . . Northampton County . . . Lancaster County. ^ 

"Laws of Virginia, Vol. 1. Hening," p. 373. — Virginia I 
has thirteen counties as early as 1652. From Surry county 

was taken Sussex County in 1754. Parish of Albemarle j 
gives part of land to form Southwark Parish. "November 
1738 — 12th George II. County of Orange Virginia ... 
divided into County of Frederick and Parish of Frederick, 
... the rest to be called Augusta, and parish of Augusta, 
. . . Provided always that the said counties and parishes 
shall remain part of the County of Orange and parish of 

St. Mark. Laws of Virginia Vol 5 Hening. p. 79, Augusta ^ 

from Orange 1738. Amelia from Prince Geo. & Brunswick f 

1734 Cha^rles City from original Co— 1634 Elizabeth | 

City from original 1634. Lunenburg from Brunswick 1746. | 

York one of the original 1634. Rockbridge from Augusta ; 

& Botetout 1777. Lancaster formed 1652. ^Middlesex from | 

♦This is the first time the name of Surry county 
504 



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Lancaster 1673. Surry formed Isle of Wight 1652. Sussex 
from Surry 1754. Southampton formed Isle of Wight 1748. 
Westmoreland formed Northumberland 1652. Fauquier 
formed Prince Wm 1759. King Geo. from Riclimond 1720. 
Cumberland Co. formed from Goochland in 1749. Pow- 
hatan Co. formed from Cumberland in 1777. Isle of Wight 
Co. formed from Warrosquoyacke 1634. Name changed in 
1637. All the Records of "King & Queen Co." have been de- 
stroyed p. 208 "The Cabells''& their Kin." 

Virginia Parishes 

St. Peters Parish is in New Kent Co, (1689) Stanley 
Hundred Parish was connected with the church at James- 
town. St. Stephens Parish is in King and Queen Parish. 

St. Anne's Parish was in Albemarle Co., Va. Bromfield 
Parish was in j\Iadison and Rappahannock Counties. St. 
Mark's Parish was in Culpeper Co. 

"A List of Names . . . february the 16, 1623, Liv- 
ing at Elizabeth Cittie Edward Hill . . . Hanna Hill 
Elizabeth Hill William Hill, . . . Frances Hill (came 
in 1619 in the Bona Noua) ... p. 260. Thomas 
Hill. "At Elizabeth Cittie, John Hill aged 26, in the Bona 
Noua 1620. "Hotten's Lists," Va. p. 249. "A List of the 
Burialles in Elizabeth Citty 1624. "Edward Hill Maya 
15" "Hotten's Lists" Va. p. 257. 



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THE FAMILY OF TERRY 



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FAMILY OF "TERRY" 

"The Colonial Society of Penna" p. 34. 
Hannah Terry mar. Wra. Bement, son of John Bement 
& Martha Dennis in INIass 1635. 

"The Colonial So. of Pa." 1902 Page 34. 

"Seventh in descent from Samuel Terry, in Mass. 1650." 

p. 88. Mary Terry mar. Jonathan Mapes son of 
Thomas Mapes in L. I. 1649-50. 

"Early Long Island Wills" by Pelletrau, p. 176. 

Richard Terry had daughter Abagail who mar. Thomas 
Ryder, son of Thomas Ryder, who gave all his lands from 
Sterling Creek to Tom's Creek in 1677, to his son Thomas 
Ryder (who mar. Abagail Terry) 

"Woodbridge & Piscataway Records" p. 164. 

"John Terry, died Sept. 13. 1678." at Piscataway, Mid- 
dlesex Co. New Jersey." 

"William Terrev & Elizabeth Cooper Married Aprill 
21th 1689." Page 37, "Register of X Ch. Middlesex Co. 
Va." 

Page 192. "Elizabeth Terrv dved May ve 26th 1738." 

"Early Long Island Wills p. 249, 253. 

Will of Caleb Horton (son of Barnabas Horton; he 
was born in 1640. He was one of the foremost citizens of 
Southhold.) Will dated Dec. 30. ^699 "Unto my daugh- 
ter Mary ye wife of Nathaniel Terry" Caleb Horton, of 
Southhold in ye Co. of Suffolk on Nassau Island, Province 
of New York. Yeoman. Admin, granted Oct. 14, 1702. to 

• . . Nathaniel Terrv &c. 

"Early Long Island Wills" p. 159. Will of Nathaniel 
Moor (son of Thomas :Moor. Will made 1691. & d. June 
25. 1691) of Southhold, Co. of Suffolk on Long Island in 
Prov. of New York. (Nathaniel Moore was bap. 1642. He 
mar. Sarah Vail, dau. of Jeremiah Vail) My will is that 

• • . my son-in-law John Terry shall be Executor. 
April 19th, 1698. More here if desired of Thomas Moore. 
He came from Eng. 1635, aged 19. (a very prominent man.) 
His wife was Catherine. Nathaniell Moor was his 3rd son. 






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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches. 

"Early Long Island Wills" p. 1 76, 1 79. Will of Thomas 
Ryder, (son of Thomas & Abigail Terry Ryder, dau. of 
Richard Terry.) dated 1 1 April 1699, Co. of Suffolk on ye 
Island of Nassau, in ye Province of New York, . . . That 
my brothers-in-law Nathaniel & Gersham Terry. (In 1677 
Thomas Ryder gave to his son Thomas Ryder all his lands 
from Sterling Creek to Toms Creek.) Thomas Ryder died 
ye 12th day of April 1699; administration granted to Ger- 
sham and Nathaniel Terry of Southhold. 

"Va. County Records Vol. 6." p. 271. 

"Nath'l Terry, year 1759, Halifax Co. Va., 7050 acres. 

"Colonial Virginia Register" p. 147, 181. 

He served in the Assembly 1758 to 1764. In 1765 he 
was "Sheriff." 

He is in the Assembly 1769-1775 

"Society of Colonial Wars 1903-1906" 

"Nathaniel Terry, Va. Justice and Sheriff Halifax Co., 
1752. Member of House of Burgesses, 1768, 1772, 1775." 

"New Jersey in the Rev." by Stryker. p. 414. 

"Nathaniel Terry, Lieutenant Western Battalion Morris, 
— Captain." 

At Old St. John's Epis. Church Norfolk, Va. 
"Here lies Ye Remains of ye Body of John Terry Who 
Departed this Life Ye 25: of Oct. : l'760 : Ag : 39. ' 

At State Library, Richmond Va. "Revolutionarv Soldiers 
Vol IV" p. 66, 373, 375 Captain Nathaniel Terrv Mar. 
15. 1783. Rec'd 553£. Stephen Terry May 22. 1784 
Rec'd 56£. Obediah Terry Oct. 20, 1 784, Rec'd 33£. Page 
35. Book No. I at Land Office Richmond, Va. Stephen 
Terry rec'd 200 acres. Nathaniel Terry rec'd 4666 2-3 
acres, page 546. Book I. 

For a good account of the Terry's see "Long Island Epi- 
taphs," by Harris, p. 38 &: 39. 



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FAMILY OF "BUFORD" IN AMERICA 

"By many persons the Crusades are considered respon- 
sible for the rise of Heraldry. Others attribute it to the 
tournaments of the Middle Ages; some even claim to trace 
it to Biblical times. 

Various symbols were used to indicate families in 
earliest days as is shown by the standards of the tribes of 
Israel, and the totem poles of the Indians; but it is gen- 
erally conceded that the twelfth century marks the period 
when heraldry as a system came into general use through- 
out Europe, and both the Crusades and the tournaments 
contributed to its advancement. 

For centuries the love of ancestry has been deeply rooted 
in men's minds, and it is therefore not strange that the 
American should pause to consider where his ancestors 
came from, and to inquire whether he may claim descent 
from armorial families of Europe bearing the same name 
as his. 

To understand the meaning of the term "coat-of-arms" 
it must be remembered that it originated in a time when 
knighthood flourished. The warrior wore a coat of mail 
covering his entire body, and over this, to protect it from 
the weather, was a surcoat, upon which were sewn, pieces 
of cloth of various colors as a means of identifying the 
wearer. Hence the term "coat-of-arms." 

"Both Justice and decency require that we should bestow 
on our forefathers an honorable remembrance." — Thycy- 
dides. 

Coat of Arms of the Family of "BEAUFORT" and 
"Buford," spelled so in America. 

Somerset, Duke of Beaufort. 

Quarterly, France and England, within a Bordure com- 
pone, Argent and Azure: anciently, Or, on a Fess bordered 
Robone (or compone) Argent and Azure, France and Eng- 
land, quarterly. 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 



Crest.— On a Wreath, a Portcullis, Or, nailed Azure 
Chains pendant thereto of the first, which the family be.->r 
in memory of John of Gaunt's Castle of Beaufort, before 
mentioned. Anciently the Crest was a Panther, Argent 
■ diversely spotted, and gorged with a ducal coronet, Or.'' ' 

'■ Supporters.— On the dexter (right) side a Panther, 

Argent, spotted with various Colours, Fire issuing out of his 
mouth and ears propre, gorged with a Collar, and chain 
j . pendant, Or: on the sinister (left side), a Wyvern (a two I 

^ legged dragon with a body passing off into a tail usually ] 

_;■ knotted at the end). Vert, holding in his mouth a sinister I 

■; . (left) hand Coupe at the wrist propre. i 

I ■ ^ Motto.— "Mutare vel timere sperno" ["I scorn to change i 

j or fear"] 5 

I Chief Seats. \ 

; At Bachninton in the county of Gloucester; at Chepstov,-- | 

; .: castle, in the county of Monmouth; at Troy-house, county i 

' -' of Monmoutli; and at Nether-Haven, in Wilts." f 

\ "Collin's English Peerage, Vol. 1." pp. 213, 214. \ 

[To\ra residence 5 Grosvenor Square. Ed.] \ 

Another Description of the "Beaufort" Arms, of England. 5 

"Arms — France and England quarterly, within a border \ 

compony argent and azure. j 

Crest — A portcullis or, nailed azure, chains gold. ? 

Supporters — Dexter, a panther argent, flames issuing 
from his mouth and ears proper, plain collared and chained 
or, and semee of torteaux, hurts and pomeis alternately. 
Sinister, a wyvern vert, in the mouth a sinister hand coupe'd 
at the wrist gules. 

Motto — Mutare vel timere sperno. 

"The Official Baronage of England, Vol. 1. by Tames 
E. Doyle. 1886." 



When we examine the Virginia Records and find our 
"Richard Beaufort" who arrived in 1635; and "Thomas 
Beaufort," who came over to America in 1650 we at once 
notice that they spelled their own names "Beaufort" as it 
should be, and not Blewford, or Buford, as it was after- 



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wards spelled in Virginia, America. These spellings of 
this fine old English and French Family came through the 
want of knowledge, and care of the clerks of the Courts or 
attorneys, who set it down in the Court Books, or Parish 
Registers, as it sounded, or as they thought it should be, 
and not as it was, in a correct form. 

In a "List of the French Nobility" Families of noble 
rank described in de Maigney's Science of Pleraldry (1), 
anci which appear in name among the Huguenot immigrants 
to America, is "Beaufort," "Memorials of the Huguenots," 
p. 159. Stapleton. 

The name Beaufort — or Beauford — is French, and is 
essentially a place name, meaning "beautiful fort or castle. 
The family name of Beaufort was also spelled in America, 
as well as in England, in several different ways, Blewford, 
Bufford, Buford, and Beauford. 

The castle of Beaufort was in the Province of Anjou, in 
France. We will notice that in this family the American 
"given names" are the same as the English, such as John, 
Thomas, William, Richard, and Robert. 

It does not seem possible just now to connect the Amer- 
ican family with the English Beauforts, but there is no 
doubt but that they are one and the same ; and we will hope 
that in the near future, some one will establish the fact, that 
they are the same, and will show just which Richard or 
John, it was who came to America, and became the progeni- 
tor of the family in America.* 

1st. Gen. in America, Richard Beauford emigrated to 
America in 1635. He came from Gravesend, England, in 
the ship "Elizabeth," August 1. He was examined by a 
minister of the Church of England as to loyalty to the king, 
took the prescribed oath of allegiance, age eighteen, see 
"Hotten's Lists." He was therefore born 1617-1618. 

In the deed book of Lancaster Co., Virginia, at Lancaster 
Court House, under date of April 15. 1656, "John Vause 

*I have given these chronological tables of the English Beauforts, 
i*!:cause it has afforded me so much pleasure to arrange them from our 
niost worthy Mr. Browning, and I do hope it may be the spur or incentive 
to urge us as a family to earnestlv seek the "connecting link" as I am 
sure It can, and will be found. Editor. 
515 



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Genealogy, with Brief Sketches 

assigned Richard Beauford three hundred acres of lar^l 
lying on the soutli side Rappahannock River, up in t!;- 
freshes, bounding on the land of Thomas Hawkins, etc. " It 
is thus probable that Richard Beauford married a daughter 
of Jolin Vause, and came with him and his family into 
Lancaster County. 

If Richard Beauford had married as early as 1640, he 
could have had a son old enough to be married in 1662; 
therefore he is supposed to be the progenitor of the Beau- 
fords, in America, and the descent is traced through John 
Beauford presumably his son, of Christ Church Parish, 
Middlesex County, Virginia. 

This Parish Church Register was not begun until 1653, 
therefore it is not surprising that Richard's family record !.-; 
not given. 

By a court held on the seventh day of August 1654 the 
county of Lancaster was divided into two parishes. The 
Lower included the present counties of Lancaster and Mid- 
dlesex. 

In the register of Christ Church, !\Iiddlesex County 1653- 
1812 among the first entries, in fact the sixth is the mar- 
riage of 

2nd. Generation. John Blueford and Elizabeth Parrot 
April 11, 1662. He was probably the son of Richard not 
born there, but came there with his father, for in the regis- 
ter is an entry to the effect that Richard Parrott, Jr, born 
Feb. 24. 1650 was the first male child of English parentage 
born in Middlesex county. 

Elizabeth Parrott, b. 1645 was the daughter of Richard 
Parrott who came from England to the Barbadoes and then 
to Virginia. His wife was Margarett Perrott. They were 
probably married in England, or the Barbadoes, where their 
first child Elizabeth was born. They were in Lancaster 
County in 1 649. Elizabeth's brother was the first man cliild 
born in the county. 

Her father Judge Richard Perrott, Sr. was vestr>Tnan of 
Christ Church, a commissioner of Lancaster County, 16^6. 
Elected High Sheriff June 5, 1657 Senior Justice of Mid- 
dlesex County Court 1673. 



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Elizabeth Perrott Buford's husband John Buford was 
born 1642 and died April IS. 1722. 

Frequent mention is made of Richard Parrott in Vir- 
ginia History, Bishop Meade says "Major General Robert 
Smith and Mr. Henry Corbin were directed to write to Mr. 
Richard Perrott, then in England for a minister. This was 
in 1666." Richard Perrott, Sr. had 1000 acres on the North 
side of the Pyankatank River. 

The children of John Buford and Elizabeth Perrott 
Buford were 

Thomas Buford, Sr. born 1663. Ambrose Buford, b. 
1665, Susannah Buford, b. 1667, Elizabeth Buford, b. 
1669. 

Judge Richard Parrott Died November 11, 1686. 

IMargaret, his wife, Died January 30, 1687. 

John Beauford died April 18, 1722. Their son 

3rd. Gen. Thomas Beauford, Sr. born in Lancaster 

Co. Va. 1663, ISIarried Mary Thomas Beauford 

Died December 9th. 1716. Mary Beauford Died Decem- 
ber 29, 1720. The children of Thomas and Mary were 

Thomas Buford Jr. born 1682, bapt. May 21. 1682. 
Died 1761. Henry Buford, b. 1684, bap. Mar. 15. 1684. 
Mary Buford, b. Mar. 18. 1688. 

4th. Gen. Thomas Beauford Jr. Co. of Middlesex, 
Parish of Christchurch, 1682-1761, married Elizabeth 

; first child b. Aug. 13. 1705. His wife was living 

at his death. His Will is dated Oct. 24, 1751, and proved 
July 7. 1761. He lends to his wife Elizabeth all his estate, 
after her death it is bequeathed to his son John — afterwards 
changed to Thomas. The deed to this land bears date Aug. 
9. 1735, and was from Gov. Gooch. 

*Mary Beauford Dyed November 27th 1734, "The Reg- 
ister of Christ Church Middlesex Co., Va." p. 190. 

4th. Gen. Thomas Buford, Jr, of the county of Middle- 
sex and Parish of Christ church, and Elizabeth had 

1. Agatha Buford, b. Aug. 13, 1705. 2. John Buford, b. 

.*(This, I think is the Mary Beauford who was bom March l8. 1688 
or it may have been the Mary b. Aug. 20, 1716. Ed.) 
517 






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1707, bapt. Sep. 21. 1707. 3. Elizabeth Buford, b. 1709 
4. Sarah Buford, b. 1712. 5. Marv Buford, b. Au" ^o' 
1716. 6. Anne Buford, b. July 4, 1718. '''''' 

"Jemimma Blueford married Robert Enirlish November 
22, 1756." "Overwharton Parish Register?' Stafford Co 
Va. p. 25. ■' 

5th. Gen. John Beauford, born 1707, Bapt. Sept. 21 

1707. in Lancaster Co., Va. Married Judith about 

1735, (first child (John) Thomas, born 1736) and settled 
m Culpeper Co. in 1 735 Bloomfield Parish. John Beauford 
died between Sept. 13. 17S5, the date of his will; and Sep- 
tember 17, 1787 the time of its probation, as his wife Judith 
is not mentioned we judge she had already passed away. 

*"Judith daughter of Harry and Elizabeth Beverly was 
borne 25th day of October 1710." "The Register of Christ 
Churrb, Middlesex County, Va." p. 77. 

John and Judith Buford settled in Broomfield Parish, 
Culpeper Co, Va. on a tract of land situated on the Rapid 
Ann and Beautiful Run, the deed to which bears date Aug. 
9. 1735 from Gov. Gooch. At this time the country was 
a wilderness and almost inaccessible, except bv the Rappa- 
hannock River. This was part of the Lord Fairfax Grant. 

John Buford bought additional and adjoining land from 
Lorcl Fairfax: the deed bearing date of Apr. 10, 1751 ; when 
he died he had 582 acres of land, and was one of the largest 
landowners in the county. The homestead of the Bufo°rds 
was established by the following deed "June 26. 1 739. Wm. 
Phillips of Orange, St. Marks' Parish to John Buford.'"' 
This tract of land was situated at the Fork of Robinson 
River and the Rapid Ann, on the South side of the Beautiful 
Run, and adjoining the land of Wm. Philipps, in what is 
now Madison County, near Wolf town. All these pioneers 
were churchmen, and worshipped in a small log church 
built in 1723-1730 with a fort, on the road from Slandard- 
ville to Charlotteville eight or ten miles south of the Beau- 
fort Residence. From here sprang the very flower of Ken- 
tucky's first settlers. On the site of the' Beauford Resi- 

*(This might be our Judith who mar. John Buford. Ed.) 



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dence, near Wolfto\\Ti, there now stands only a few locust 
trees, no houses, no tombstones. Here stood the first two 
story building built in this part of the world. People came 
from far and near to drink coffee, a beverage then almost 
unknown in this country. The Buford Farm in Kentucky 
is part of the great Alexander place equally distant between 
Versailles, Ky. ; and Midlothian, about one mile. John 
Buford left his lands to his sons Abraham and Simeon — 
his other children had no doubt been provided for. He 
also mentions his grandsons John, James and William. 
Abraham and Simeon were also made Executors. The 
grandson John mentioned above was the son of John and 
Judith. His name was afterwards changed to Thomas. 

The children of John Buford and Judith his 

wife were 

6th. Gen. 1. (John) Thomas Buford, b. 1736; 2. Anne 
Eufofd, L. 17:S; :. J.a.:c3 Buford, b. 1740; 4. Elizabeth 
Buford, b. 1742; 5. William Buford, b. 1745; 6. Abraham 
Buford, b. July 31, 1749; 7. Henry Buford, b. Sept. 19. 
1751; 8. Mary Buford, b. 1753; 9. Francis Buford, b. 1754; 
10. Simeon Buford, b. 1756. 

Service of Lieut, Thomas Buford. 

"Land Bounty Certificates. 

"Thomas Buford, deceased, Sergt. under General Brad- 
dock in 1754, and was discharged. Sergt. again under Brad- 
dock in 1755. Lieutenant under Colonel Washington in 
1756; Lieutenant under Colonel Byrd in 1758; Lieutenant 
in another regiment under Colonel Byrd in 1759. 

James Buford, Gentleman, guardian of John Buford, and 
Executor of Thomas Buford, deceased, aforesaid. 

"Bedford Co., Va. Feb'y. Court, 1780." Crozier's "Va. 
Colonial Militia" Vol 2, p. 31. 

This Thomas Buford was the eldest son of John and 
Judith Buford. He was born in Culpeper Co., Va., 1736. 
Married Ann Watts in 1756. His children were John, Will- 
iam and Nancy. Thomas Buford died 1774. James, his 
brother became guardian.* 

*Thomas Buford is brother to Simeon Buford our Ancestor. Ed. 



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Additional proof, "Certificate from Bedford County 
Court, February, 1780, James Buford, guardian of John 
Buford and executor of Tliomas Buford, proved that 
Thomas in 1754 served as a Sergeant in 1754 under Gen. 
Braddock and was discharged in 1755; also as Sergeant 
under Braddock and was discha